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Seminar Course Arch.

576/BB Japanese Architecture Fall Semester 2009

Professor Botond BOGNAR Time: Thursday 5:30-8:20 pm Place: Temple H Buell Hall 325

BEFORE AND BEYOND THE “BUBBLE” – Issues in Postwar Japanese Architecture
"It is precisely in, and through, an understanding of alien cultures that we can come to a more sensitive and critical understanding of our own culture and of those prejudices that may lie hidden from us." Richard J. Bernstein



Japanese architecture both as a present practice and a course of history provides us with particular features and unique examples. On the one hand, they are deeply rooted in cultural patterns highlighting important differences between the approaches to design in the East and the West; on the other hand, they are also derivative of Japan's contemporary conditions: advanced technology, modes of production and consumption, social order, systems of urbanization, etc., which altogether have by now yielded one of the most innovative, future oriented, and critical practices in the world of urban architecture today. The purpose of the course is to expose you, the students, to various architectural design philosophies, methodologies and practices in an urban and cultural environment different from ours, thus provide you with an additional tool to further develop your awareness of the built environment as a cultural phenomenon, as well as a form of political and ideological discourse within society. In so doing, the course ultimately aims at helping you to come to a better understanding of the nature of the relationship between society and architecture, or, in general, the built environment, plus the role of the architect in guiding this relationship. 2. SUBJECT

The course will investigate the complex, but by all means most remarkable development of postwar contemporary Japanese architecture and urbanism following up its course until today. This 60-year period in Japan was marked by both economic booms and recessions, which, sometimes rather severe, have shaped the development of architectural design and construction in significant ways. These six decades also witnessed the rise of Japan first as an industrial, then as a informational superpower. Simultaneously Japanese society too underwent significant changes to which Japanese architects had to respond. In the turmoil of too often rapid progress, this response was complex and varied widely according to the individual designers sensibilities, or interpretation of the given conditions. The result has been, more often than not, a largely variegated architectural and urban landscape, which produced increasingly high-quality works, and an altogether unique culture and built environment drawing the attention and admiration of the rest of the world.

Leaving behind the ingrained precepts of modernism, a movement which exhausted itself by the mid or late 1960s, Japanese architects have explored a broad spectrum of innovative directions not only to find exits from the impasse of the previous paradigm, but also to envision a new one with design solutions better in tune with the accelerated and too often complex and paradoxical, but surely also exciting times. The course will examine the changing architectural scenarios in contemporary Japan by way of illustrated presentations by the instructor as well as group discussions. These will cover the intricate developments of modernism, the Metabolist movement, the New Wave, the architecture of the bubble economy and the following long economic downturn, along with the works of such architects as Kenzo Tange, Fumihiko Maki, Arata Isozaki, Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa, Kazuo Shinohara, Hiroshi Hara, Nikken Sekkei Ltd, Itsuko Hasegawa, Yoshio Taniguchi, Riken Yamamoto, Toyo Ito, Tadao Ando, Kazuyo Sejima and SANAA, Kengo Kuma, Atelier Bow Wow, Tele-design, and many others. 3. Aug. COURSE SCHEDULE – TIMETABLE 27 Introduction to the Course and Japan in General Traditional Architecture 1 Sept. 03 10 17 24 Oct. 01 08 15 22 29 Nov. 05 12 19 26 Dec 03 10 Traditional Architecture 2 After the War: Modernism and the architecture of Kenzo Tange. The Metabolist Movement 1 The Metabolist Movement 2 Mannerism and Contextualism: Arata Isozaki and Fumihiko Maki The New Wave of Japanese Architecture 1 The New Wave of Japanese Architecture 2 Kazuo Shinohara and Tadao Ando The Architecture of the Bubble Era 1 The Architecture of the Bubble Era 2 Beyond the Bubble 1 Beyond the Bubble 2 NO CLASS (Thanksgiving) NO CLASS Submitting final assignments

4. 1

REQUIREMENTS Each of you is required to read the relevant literature before each class and investigate one welldefined issue leading to the formulation of a question. First you need to outline the issue you have been focusing upon in a written statement no longer than a short paragraph (5-8 lines) and then ask the question in the class for discussion. By Wednesday you need to e-mail it to everyone in class. Each seminar will start with the discussion generated by the questions. This is to be followed by the presentation by the instructor about the new topic.


Everyone in the class is expected to keep his or her class notes up to date by recording the most important aspects of the presentation by the instructor. No specific requirements are set for the class notes and they will not be graded, but you need to show them at the end of the semester. Final assignment is to write a 5 page double-spaced paper (250-280 word per page) with extra footnotes and / or references and illustrations about one selected and approved building, which has already been discussed already in class. The paper needs to explore the project in the context of the architect overall work, concentrating on the most important ideas, theories, or the designer’s intentions. While some descriptive text is perhaps necessary in each case, your thesis should be about the embodied/constructed ideas and your deciphered experiential qualities of the built work. For additional one credit, a built (or in some special case, digital) model about the same building what the paper investigates will be required. GRADINGS:




Every part of your work will be evaluated and will influence your final grade: including your attendance on time, participation in discussions, the quality of your research, presentation, models, and the final paper. 6. PENALTY

Grade reduction will apply in case of sloppy work, faulty data, not complying with the requirements of the assignments, unexcused absences from class, tardiness: coming late to classes and/or submitting your assignments late. Please make sure that your writings are devoid of typos, grammatical errors, etc. 7. PLAGIARISM

You are allowed, in fact encouraged, to use short, one or two line quotations in your paper, but not more than 3 or 4 of them. You must reference each quote by author, title of writing, title, place, and date of publication, and the name of the publisher. If you quote from the internet, please give the URL address. Everything else would count as plagiarism, which will result in failing the class and academic penalty. Even if you learn from all your sources, I am interested in your thoughts, analysis, and imaginative evaluations. If in doubt, please ask. If you have any difficulties related to the class, please come and talk to me in time. I look forward to working with you all, and wish you a successful semester. Good luck! Botond Bognar Professor and Edgar A. Tafel Chair in Architecture

The religion of Buddhism: its origins and importation from China ` . -do): South Gate (nandai mon) Inner Gate (chúmon) Cloister Corridor (róka) Main Hall (kondó.General characteristics of Japanese traditional architecture: structure and techniques .8. subways. bonsai. Miyajima. expressways .Heterogeneity: coexistence of old and new and everything else Readings: B.Architecture and mythology: the spiritual essence of everything: kami .Toshogu Shrine. Bognar..Cyclical changes: tracking time (historic periods) .History of Shinto architecture . haiku.Elements of Buddhist Temples (otera. .Living with nature. rebuilt in reduced size 1248.Reverence and worship of Nature: agriculture .Nature and art: ikebana. 1985) Shinto architecture . rebuilt every 20 years.Transportation: trains.The city as "living room" . Contemporary Japanese Architecture.Topography.Seismic activities and disasters .Itsukushima Shrine. etc. Ise.Fushimi Inari Shrine. ~ 12th C. rebuilt 1571 . shin no mihashira the sacred pillar .The origin of Japan (Nippon) . -dera. 27 INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE and TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE . the 61st in 1993 . shoshibó) .Elements of Shinto Shrines . Nikko. 1636 (dedicated to Tokugawa Ieyasu) .torii the ceremonial gate.History and Transformation of Buddhist architecture . 1241. Izumo.Shinto as “religion” . -ji.ISE-JINGU. COURSE SCHEDULE – OUTLINE BY TOPICS (WEEKLY LECTURES) AUG.Why Japanese architecture? . later hondó) Lecture Hall (kódó) Pagoda (to and tahóto) Dormitory (taibó. festivals (matsuri) .Language and writing .Crowded country and urban environments . climate . -in. ~ 6th century.1 . Late 5th C. 1744 . ~ 8th & 17th Century Buddhist architecture .Periodic rebuilding of Shinto Shrines (shikinen sengu) . (New York.Izumo Taisha Shrine. Kyoto.

What is Japanese Architecture (Tokyo. walls. Asuka (now Osaka). Toyama Pref.Raised floor buildings of the Yayoi Period . . 1596 .1980. 1620–47 (Prince Toshihito & Toshitada) . 1985) SEP. Nagano Prefecture. 607.DAITOKU–JI TEMPLE. Kyoto. early 7th Century .OLD IMPERIAL PALACE. Kyoto.SHITENNO-JI.RYOAN–JI TEMPLE and ROCK GARDEN. Shirakawa. Kyoto. 752. Kyoto. engawa..NIJO–JO.HIMEJI CASTLE. Kyoto.: structure. Himeji. 03 TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE .Main types of gardens: Kaiyushiki niwa (stroll garden) Kare sansui (dry or rock garden) Cha-niwa (tea garden) .2 and URBANISM Residential architecture Pit dwellings Azekura–zukuri Shinden–zukuri Shoin–zukuri Sukiya-zukuri .KATSURA RIKYU IMPERIAL VILLA & GARDEN. Kyoto. 1603-1626 (Tokugawa Ieyasu) . 1634 Readings: K.. 1581 (Toyotomi Hideyoshi). 794. -jo) for land. KYOTO. 792. and other districts of Kyoto . 1581. 1659 (Emperor Gomizuno) . Yoshimitsu) . 1626 .TODAI–JI TEMPLE. roof. Nara. Kyoto. 1397 (Ashikaga. Sannen-zaka. Kyoto. ~1499 . 1609 (Ikeda Terumasa) . Nishi and K. Shirakawa. Takayama.KINKAKU–JI (Golden Pavilion). . Toyama Pref.Asuka-dera.Machiya in the Gion. 1855 . 1509 . Kyoto. Hyogo.Ryoan-ji Temple. tatami. 1596 Himeji. Kyoto.Residences for commoners (minka) Farm Houses Town houses (machiya) . 1609 .or warlords (daimyo) Matsumoto.YOSHIJIMA and KUSAKABE HOUSES.Daitoku-ji Temple. Hozumi. 588-596 . Rebuilt (Main Hall) 1199.Pit dwellings (tate ana) in Jomon (10000-300 BC) and early Yayoi Periods (300-300 AD) .MATSUMOTO CASTLE. 1509 .1709. 679–711 . Matsumoto. ~1499 . NINOMARU PALACE.Shirakawa Residences. ASUKA (now Osaka).Castles (shiro.KIYOMIZU–DERA TEMPLE.HORYU–JI TEMPLE. .1881 .Shugakuin Rikyu Imperial Villa. Nara. 1324-on.NIJO–JO.Elements of residential arch.

Emperor Kammu Tokyo. Bognar. Hozumi. Empress Gemmyo (first permanent capital) Kuni (north of Nara). 740-742 AD. 1868-present. Empress Jito Heijo-kyo (Nara). World Cities: TOKYO (London. Emperor Meiji . 694-710 AD. 651-668 AD. Empress Saimei Omi (Otsu). Emperor Kammu Heian-kyo (Kyoto). 745-761 AD. 1997) . Nishi and K.Historic periods and events . 645-651 AD. Emperor Seimu Shiragaki (Shiga Prefecture). Emperor Tenchi Asuka (further south of Nara). What is Japanese Architecture. Emperor Temmu Fujiwara (south of Nara). 794-1868 AD. Castle towns (joka-machi): KANAZAWA (Ishikawa Prefecture).present . (Tokyo. Empress Shotoku Nagaoka (southwest of Kyoto) 784-794 AD.Japanese modification of Chinese model .Prehistoric and early times . 668-673 AD.Types of urban settlements and their architecture in Japan: Farming villages (noson): Toga–mura (Toyama Prefecture) Shirakawa (Toyama Prefecture) Temple and shrine towns: Kotohira (Kagawa Prefecture) (monzen-machi) Miyajima (Hiroshima Prefecture) Nagano (Nagano Prefecture) etc. Emperor Seimu Hora (Shiga Prefecture). 761-769 AD. 742-744 AD. Empress Koken Yugi (Osaka Prefecture). Emperor Kotoku Asuka (south of Nara).Chinese model – Chang'an the T'ang Dynasty (AD 618-907) Capital. 744-745 AD. 673-694 AD. Emperor Seimu Heijo-kyo (Nara). Emperor Seimu Naniwa (Osaka).Japanese Urbanism in Historic Perspective . 769-784 AD. 1985) B. 710-740 AD. Merchant or market towns: Kurashiki (Okayama Prefecture) (sho–kogyo machi) Arimatsu (Aichi Prefecture) Uchiko (Ehime Prefecture) Takayama (Gifu Prefecture) Kawagoe (Saitama Prefecture). HEIJO–KYO (NARA) 710–794 HEIAN–KYO (KYOTO) 794–1868 EDO (now TOKYO) 1868 . etc. etc.Changing capitals from early times till today: Naniwa (Osaka). etc EDO (Tokyo) Readings: K. Port towns (minato-machi): Nagasaki Yanai (Hiroshima Prefecture) Ine (Kyoto Prefecture) Sakai (Osaka Prefecture) Post towns (shukuba-machi): Ouchi–juku (Fukushima Prefecture) Narai–juku (Nagano Prefecture) Tsumago–juku (Nagano Prefecture) Magome–juku (Nagano Prefecture).

Tokyo.Japanese interpretation of foreign techniques and styles . 1882 (Josiah Conder . 1895 (Ende and Böckmann .) . 1896 (Kingo Tatsuno) . Tokyo. 1931 (Tetsuro Yoshida) .Meiji Restoration in 1868 and the launch of modernization in Japan .The role of technology and the emergence of engineering oriented trends .First Mitsui Bank.NATIONAL DIET (PARLIAMENT) BUILDING. 1872 (Kisuke Shimizu) .Japanese industrial revolution and the growing might of the nation . Tokyo. 1874 (Kisuke Shimizu) . 1904 (Sumitomo Eizen) . Kaiunbashi. 1923 (F. Tokyo.UK) .Asahi Newspaper Building. Tokyo.The 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake and the rebuilding of Tokyo . 1926 (Dojunkai Housing Corporation) demolished .TOKYO STATION.IWASAKI RESIDENCE.Imperial Museum in Ueno. 1872 (James Thomas Waters – UK) .Government employed architects and the pursuit of international style . 1925 (Mamoru Yamada) demolished . 1927 (Kikuchi Ishimoto) demolished . of Ministry of Finance) .Naval Ministry.The Modern Movement and Japanese prewar residential architecture .U. 1936 (Architecture Dept. 1863 (Hidenoshin Koyama w/ Thomas Blake Glover) .Bank of Japan. Surugacho.The rise of nationalism and the search for an Asian national style . Tokyo.S. 1972 .CENTRAL TELEGRAPH OFFICE.S.U. demolished . Kasumigaseki.Sumitomo Eizen and the architecture departments of "zaibatsu" . Tokyo. Tokyo.Second Mitsui Bank.Antonin Raymond and the introduction of international modernism .). 1895 (Tokuma Katayama) .Modernism in the West: the first modern architects in Japan .Idea proposal of the Bunriha Group at a Tokyo exhibition. 1896 (Josiah Conder) .Osaka Central Post Office.Japanese eclecticism: the work of Kingo Tatsuno and Tokuma Katayama .IMPERIAL HOTEL.DOJUNKAI AOYAMA APARTMENTS. Tokyo. Tokyo.Germany) . 1914 (Kingo Tatsuno) . Osaka.GLOVER RESIDENCE.The National Diet Building and the quest for a national style . 1894 (Josiah Conder) . 10 MODERNIZATION OF JAPAN AND THE DEVEOLPMENT OF TOKYO . Tokyo. Tokyo. Kyoto.Interpretations of modernism and the early work of Togo Murano .Tokyo’s Ginza Redevelopment.The Imperial Hotel and Frank Lloyd Wright in Japan .KYOTO IMPERIAL MUSEUM.Tokyo as the experimental laboratory for testing new urban models .L.SEP.KAICHI ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. Matsumoto. 1939 (Tetsuro Yoshida) . 1920 . Nagasaki.OSAKA LIBRARY.Early contacts with Western architecture .Expressionism and the activities of the Bunriha group: . 1924 (Antonin Raymond . Wright .The first railway line from Shinbashi in Tokyo to Skuragicho in Yokohama.TOKYO CENTRAL POST OFFICE. Otemachi.Western architects and the activities of Josiah Conder in Japan .Importation of Western architecture and the role of foreign technicians .HOUSE IN REINANZAKA. Tokyo.MINISTRY OF JUSTICE. Tokyo. 1876 (Kiyoshige or Seiju Tateishi) .

Tokyo the multi-centered city .The “West’s favorite Japanese architect” . 1951 (Junzo Sakakura) . 1926 and 1931 (Sumitomo Eizen) . information techniques . fragmented disposition . Osaka.Maps. Maekawa. 1938 (Sumitomo Eizen) .UBE PUBLIC HALL.MAEKAWA RESIDENCE. 1937 (Hitoshi Watanabe) .Rapid urbanization and industrialization . Paris. 17 KENZO TANGE AND THE METABOLIST MOVEMENT 1 Kenzo Tange (1913-2005) .Metabolism group: theory and practice of Metabolist architecture . Tokyo. Tokyo. 1987) . 1942 (Kunio Maekawa) Tokyo .MAPS of Tokyo – Developing Edo as the castle town of the Tokugawa Shogunate . 1951 (Kiyosi Seike) . 1951 (Antonin Raymond) . 1953 (Togo Murano) SEP.Reader's Digest Building. functionalism .Evolution of Tange’s architecture . Kamakura.JAPANESE PAVILION AT THE PARIS WORLD'S FAIR.Tokyo the informational world city .Urban visions in the 1960s .Kaleidoscopic structure .SHINJUKU AND SHIBUYA Readings: B. 1937 (Junzo Sakakura) demolished . Meguro-ku.KAGAWA PREFECTURAL MUSEUM OF MODERN ART.Mori Residence.Japan and the CIAM: triumph of modernism.Street architecture. Tokyo. 2000) D. Contemporary Japanese Architecture (New York.City Hall Program: Tange. and photograph of Edo and Tokyo (overviews) .. 1985) B.Rebuilding the cities after the devastation of the war in Japan .TSUCHIURA HOUSE.Tange's Hiroshima Project . Stewart.The Imperial Palace on the location of the previous Edo Castle (1603) . Sakakura .Tokyo’s new “center” .TOKYO IMPERIAL (now Tokyo National) MUSEUM IN UENO. Bognar.The early public buildings and masterpieces of Tange . Hiroshima.Urban structure: oku.Modernism redefined . rationalism. Tokyo. The Making of a Modern Japanese Architecture (Tokyo. Bognar.The new Tokyo City Hall of 1991 . Kyoto.multi centered. woodblock prints.Marubeni Building. Ube.WORLD PEACE MEMORIAL CATHEDRAL. Tokyo. 1937 (Togo Murano) . 1935 (Tameki Tsuchiura) . NIKKEN SEKKEI 1900-2000: Building Future Japan (New York. commercialization. ma .Sumitomo Building.The problem of center .

1960 (project)..Tokyo Metropolitan Festival Hall.Japanese Cultural Center. 1967 (Kenzo Tange) .YAMANASHI PRESS AND BROADCASTING CENTER.KUWAIT EMBASSY & CHANCERY BLDG. Tokyo. FESTIVAL PLAZA & SPACE FRAME.Shizuoka Press and Broadcasting Corp.Legacy of Metabolists . Tokyo. 1970 (Yoji Watanabe) demolished .International House of Japan. 1955 (Kunio Maekawa w/Sakakura & . Izumo. Tokyo.Sky House. 1962 (Junzo Sakakura) .KAGAWA PREFECTURAL OFFICES. 1966 (Kenzo Tange) .KURASHIKI CITY HALL.HIROSHIMA PEACE CENTER. Tokyo.KURE CITY HALL.Tokyo Olympic games of 1964 . 1958 (Kenzo Tange) . Mary's Cathedral.Izumo Shrine Office Bldg.Large scale events in Japan and their architecture: . Kure.SKY BLDG. 1955 (Kenzo Tange) . Kofu.Marine City (project). 1968 (Kisho Kurokowa) . 1964 (Kiyonori Kikutake) . 1958 (Kiyonori Kikutake) . 1960 (Kenzo Tange) .HOTEL TOKOEN. 1961 (Kisho Kurokawa) . 1964 (Kenzo Tange) . Osaka. Tokyo. 1966 (Sachio Otani) .Odakyu Drive-In.1963 High rise constructions .Capsule architecture . 1960 (Kiyonori Kikutake) . Bangkok. Otome Pass.Okinawa Expo – 75 .The “failure” of the Metabolist Movement and the demise of Modernism . 1961 (Kunio Maekawa) .TOKYO CITY HALL. and skyscraper architecture . NO. 1960 (Kenzo Tange) .OLYMPIC STADIUMS.Helix City (projects). Kyoto.Tange Residence. 1957 (Kenzo Tange) demolished .HARUMI APARTMENTS. KURASHIKI. 1943 (Kenzo Tange) . Tokyo. 1943 Unbuilt proposal (Kenzo Tange) .City in the Air (projects). Tokyo.TOKYO PLAN .OSAKA EXPO–70. 1970 (Kenzo Tange) demolished " " Expo Tower (Kiyonori Kikutake) SEP. Yonago.Osaka Expo – 70 . 1964 (Kenzo Tange) . Hakone Mts. 1970 (Kenzo Tange) . Takamatsu. Hiroshima.. 3.St. 24 THE METABOLIST MOVEMENT 2 .. 1969 (Masato Otaka) .Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Tokyo Building.Kyoto International Conference Center. 1962 (Arata Isozaki) . 1958 (Kunio Maekawa) demolished .TOCHIGI PREFECTURAL CONFERENCE HALL. Utsunomiya.Pragmatic urban developments .Capsule House in the Space Frame of the Osaka Expo-70 (Kisho Kurokawa) .Tokyo’s developments and the EXPRESSWAY construction in the city along PRAGMATIC concerns . 1963 (Kiyonori Kikutake) .

SONY TOWER. Osaka.) Twilight (illusion. OFFICE & LABORATORY BLDG..NEC CORPORATION HEADQUARTERS. B.) . NIKKEN SEKKEI 1900-2000: Building Future Japan (New York. OKINAWA EXPO–75. 1990 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd.San Ai Dream Center. 1966 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd. 1974 (Sachio Otani) . 1994 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd. 1993 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Osaka. the "bleaching" of meaning) Ruins (poetics of ruins.Nine Quotation Sources: Palladio. 1985) R.) . Bognar." (1978) .AQUAPOLIS.NAKAGIN CAPSULE TOWER.) . 01 MANNERISM & CONTEXTUALISM: Arata Isozaki & Fumihiko Maki The Launching of Japanese Postmodernism Arata Isozaki (1934-) .POLA HOME OFFICES. 1975 (Kiyonori Kikutake) demolished .Darkness (return to a "space of darkness"-1964) . Beyond Metabolism (New York. Tokyo. 1973 (Masato Otaka) . 1968) M." Architecture as a "meaning-producing machine" (performative aspect of arch. semantics. Tokyo. Spacecraft Hangars at Cape Kennedy. Osaka.LONG TERM CREDIT BANK OF JAPAN. Kawasaki.KAWARACHO HIGH-RISE APARTMENTS. 1972 (Kisho Kurokawa) demolished .Palaceside Building. Tokyo. 1995 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd.KEYENCE CORP. 1995 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd. "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. "MA: Space–Time in Japan. 1992 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Tokyo.Visionary urban schemes: "Cities in the Air" . 2000) OCT. Photography of Man Ray.PANASONIC MULTIMEDIA CENTER. Tokyo.Dowa Phoenix Tower.) Readings: B. high–tech) Platonic Solids (Cube. Osaka.NAKANO SUN PLAZA.) .) . .) . Bognar.Osaka World Trade Center . 1963 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd.Isozaki.Constructive and destructive impulses: the role of irony . Ross.MOTOMACHI & CHOJUEN HIGH–RISE APTS. Boyd." Yin and Yang.) . Cylinder and the seven operations of a "manner. form and meaning) Sensual Machines (Technology. empty center. Tokyo. 1978).Cosmo Tower. New Directions in Japanese Architecture (New York. 1973 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd." . "Destruction of the Future City" "Electric Labyrinth") Shadow (visual uncertainty or toward a "new" Japanese "space. F.) . Tokyo. transparencies) Degree Zero (void. Tange and Metabolism . reflections. Contemporary Japanese Architecture (New York.From Manner to MAniera. Hiroshima. 1971 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Tokyo.Experimental Leisure Capsule House LC-30X (Kisho Kurokowa) .) .Nine Metaphors: Hermaphrodites (ambiguity) Letters (signs. 1976 (Kisho Kurokawa) demolished .

Kamioka. The Architecture of Arata Isozaki (New York.Shift in direction after the early 1980s: postmodern-classicism . Osaka. ROPPONMATSU BRANCH. . Oita. 1993-94.OSAKA PREFECTURAL SPORTS CENTER. Kurobe.HILLSIDE TERRACE APARTMENTS. . Ibusuki. 1971 " " " Tokyo Branch. Kitakyushu. . Chiba. 1963. Tokyo. . Tsukuba.Maki's departure from Metabolism . 1970. .Memorial Auditorium.Iwasaki Art Museum. Cloud Props Projects by Lissitsky. Fukuoka.YKK GUEST HOUSE." (essay). The Making of a Modern Japanese Architecture (Tokyo. Phases 1-3. 1975. . Kitakyushu. Yatsuka. Nagoya University. Drew. Chiba University. Contemporary Japanese Architecture (New York. 1971. and Craft Museum. Takasaki. D. 1973. 1974.OITA PREFECTURAL LIBRARY.FUKUOKA SOGO BANK HOME OFFICES.FUKUOKA SOGO BANK. Special feature issue on Arata Isozaki). ." SD.Investigations in Collective Form" (1964) . . 1962. Space Design (01/1984.Kitakyushu Municipal Art Museum. Fukuoka. Oita. Fujisawa. Readings: B. 1966. Takaishi.City in the Air and "Joint Core System" (Project).Tsukuba University Central Bldg.Oita Medical Hall. . . 1983. Stewart.Diagrams of the three types of “Collective Form” 1984 ..The traditional notions of space and oku .Osaka Expo–70. . 1987. 1971. . “ “ “ Nagasumi Branch. 1961-62. . Fumihiko Maki (1928-) . Bognar. 1972."FUTURE CITY" (project). . H. 1974. 1982). 1979. . 1970 demolished . Marilyn Monroe in the Nude. demolished . 1985) P.Developing a Japanese Contextualism .Italian Palazzo.GUMMA PREFECTURAL MUSEUM OF MODERN ART.Kitakyushu Municipal Library. Osaka. Festival Plaza facilities. 1974. 1960 (as a member of Tange's team) .Plan 1960 (project). .Maki and Aldo van Eyck of Team Ten . Marcel Duchamp's Large Glass. pp. 182–186.Toyota Memorial Auditorium."City Demolition Industry. Oita.KAMIOKA TOWN HALL. "Textural Strategy and Post–Modernism. 1969. 1971. . .From physical (formal) to cultural context . 1974. Nagoya 1960. 1962. Inc. 1987).Modernist vocabulary vs postmodern (Japanese) syntax (ordering system) . Tokyo.Senri Chuo Building.FUJIMI COUNTRY CLUB. .Tokyo . 1960.Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus. 1976. . Fukuoka. 1978.

ATELIER "INDIGO.HOTEL "BEVERLY TOM. 1985) M. Tokyo. Beyond Metabolism (New York. 1973 (Takefumi Aida) . Kyoto.Face House." Sapporo.The “ArchiteXt” Group: Minoru Takeyama.Toy Block Houses 1–10. Morioka. 1979–1984 (Takefumi Aida) . & Makoto Suzuki .Akita Sogo Bank Kakunodate Branch. Mikasa.Ark (Nishina Dental Clinic). 1970 (Mayumi Miyawaki) . Buildings as toys. Omi.White House. Kyoto.Energy crisis and the dark side of industrial progress: the demise of modernist ideology .An Artist's House.Readings: B. & NIBAN–KAN. Kakunodate.Changing attitude in architectural and urban design: Pro. 1973 (Kazumasa Yamashita) . 1974 (Takefumi Aida) .Stepped Platform House. Takefumi Aida. 1973 (Minoru Takeyama) .The unique features of Japanese postmodernism – pre-modern but not historicizing . 1971 (Kiko Mozuna) .ZASSO FOREST SCHOOL. Tondabayashi. 1971 (Mayumi Miyawaki) .ANTI–DWELLING BOX.Origin 1 (Hinaya Home Office) Kyoto.Nirvana House.1 . etc. 1969 & 1970 (Minoru Takeyama) .and Anti-Urban Tendencies ." Tokyo. Tokyo and Yokohama. Bognar. 1972 (Minoru Takeyama) . Fumihiko Maki: Buildings and Projects (New York: 1997) OCT. 1978) ______." Tomakomai.ICHIBAN–.FANTASY VILLA. Tokyo.Akita Sogo Bank Honjo Branch. Kumamoto."Blue Box.AZUMA HOUSE.PL Institute Kindergarten. 1974 (Mayumi Miyawaki) . Kyoto.House of the Tree Root. Takamitsu Azuma. 1984 (Shin Takamatsu) . Hokkaido. 1973 (Yasufumi Kijima) .Kamimuta Matsuo Shrine. 1975 (Yasufumi Kijima) .Akita Sogo Bank Morioka Branch.Pepsi Cola Bottliing Plant. 1975 (Osamu Ishiyama) . 1983 (Shin Takamatsu) .1: Daydreams and nightmares. 1980 (Kijo Rokkaku) . 1976 (Minoru Takeyama) . 1968 (Takefumi Aida) . 1972 (Takefumi Aida) . Fujisawa.Architecture as language (semiotics) and the quest for meaning . Contemporary Japanese Architecture (New York. 1977 (Kijo Rokkaku) . 1967 (Takamitsu Azuma) . Kawasaki. Ross. and Annihilation House.The new symbolists .Pharao (Dental Clinic). Mayumi Miyawaki. 1974 (Mayumi Miyawaki) . 08 THE NEW WAVE OF JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE . Numata. Kyoto. F. Tokyo. 1981 (Shin Takamatsu) . Facade versus face From the ritualistic to the cosmic Vernacular and organic trends . Tokyo. Honjo. Kushiro.

1978 (Hiroshi Hara) . 1976 & 1979 (Kazuhiro Ishii) .Marutake Building.Miyashiro Municipal Center (Shinshukan). Kisho Kurokawa . 1988 (Hiromi Fujii) . 1974 (Shizutaro Urabe) . Machida.The changing course of previous Modernists and Metabolists: Kenzo Tange.2 .Kumamoto Prefectural Art Museum. Tokyo. Tokyo.Project E–1. II. Urawa. 1974 (Hiroshi Hara) . Tokyo. Yufuin. Kiyonori Kikutake. 1985 (Hiromi Fujii) . Kumamoto.SAITAMA PREFECTURAL MUSEUM..Wagi City Hall.Constellation House." Takebe. Iizuka. 1975 (Kazuhiro Ishii) . 1978 (Kisho Kurokawa) . 15 THE NEW WAVE OF JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE .Nissei Hibiya Building & Theater. 1982 (Kisho Kurokawa) . 1976 (Kiko Mozuna) . 1975 (Hiromi Fujii) . Tokyo. 1979 (Kazuhiro Ishii) .INDUSTRIAL BANK OF JAPAN. Ichinomiya. Ushimado.HARA HOUSE. Shinjuku.NOA BUILDING.Kikuchi House (project).Kaijo Building. 1967.SHINWA BANK I.Todoroki House. Tokyo.MIYAJIMA HOUSE.MIRROR IMAGE HOUSE. Tokyo.HANAE MORI BUILDING. 1975 (Seiichi Shirai) . Tokyo. 1974 (Togo Murano) .Ushimado International Arts Festival Building.The new symbolists .Mizoe Housing 1.NIRAMU HOUSE.2: Hiroshi Hara and the “Burying the city in architecture” Architecture of the “bizarre” . Wagi. Otsu. 1977 (Kunio Maekawa) . Konosu. 1978 (Kenzo Tange) .Sueda Art Gallery. Kurashiki. Okayama Pref.Sogetsu Art Center. Ichikawa. 1974 (Seiichi Shirai) .Older generations and the broadening spectrum of architectural directions: Seiichi Shirai. Niiza. Shizutaro Urabe . 1980 (Shizutaro Urabe) . Chiba Pref.. Kunio Maekawa. Hiratsuka.Kurashiki Ivy Square. 1975 (Toyokazu Watanabe) .Seibu Shopping Center.National Ethnological Museum. (Hiroshi Hara) . Osaka.The Structuralist (syntactical) models in Hiromi Fujii’s architecture . Naoshima. Oita Pref.Naoshima Municipal Gymnasium & High School. III. Chiba Prefecture. 1980 (Team Zoo) OCT. 1963 (Togo Murano) . 1980 (Kiko Mozuna) .HOUSE WITH 54 WINDOWS. Miyashiro. Togo Murano.Kazuhiro Ishii and his explorations of architectural syntax . 1975 (Kisho Kurokawa) . 1976 (Kiyonori Kikutake) . Sasebo.Nakauchi House. Tokyo. 1981 (Seiichi Shirai) . Nara.Kurashiki New City Hall. 1974 (Kunio Maekawa) .Shibuya Shoto Museum. 1973 (Hiromi Fuji) . 1978 (Hiroshi Hara) . Kurashiki. 1976 (Hiromi Fujii) . Tokyo. 1977 (Kenzo Tange) . 1969. 1973 (Hiromi Fujii) . Wakayama.Kindergarten of "54 Roofs..

House at Midorigaoka." "structuralism. (Kazuo Shinohara) . H. Minoru Takeyama (London.House at Minase.). The Japan Architect (06/1976) B. Frampton (ed. "Architecture in the Urban Desert. 1982).. Tokyo. (New York. Contemporary Japanese Architecture (New York." and phenomenal space . 1985) ____. Tokyo. Bognar.The "savage machine. 17). 1978 (Kazuo Shinohara) . Matsuyama.Prismatic forms." new Sachlichkeit . 1976 (Toyo Ito) Readings: B. Bognar. 1985). (New York. Tokyo. 1971 (Kazuo Shinohara) ."Gap.HOUSE IN ODAWARA. Tokyo." Oppositions (Winter 1981). Tokyo. 1986 .TANIKAWA RESIDENCE. Bognar. Tokyo. Tokyo.House at Kugayama. Bognar (ed.3–35.Hermetic "microcosms" in the urban chaos/desert . A New Wave of Japanese Architecture (Catalog 10). ____. K. Contemporary Japanese Architecture (New York. pp. Naganohara.F HOUSE.House in Kuwahara. Kazuo Shinohara (IAUS Catalog No.HOUSE UNDER HIGH–VOLTAGE LINES. Nagano Pref. Tokyo. 1954. 1976 (Kazuo Shinohara) . 1987 (Kazunari Sakamoto) . Tokyo. "surfaceness" and "discreteness" . 1971 (Kazunari Sakamoto) . 1978).Umbrella House. 1975 (Yuzuru Tominaga) . Odawara. ArchiteXt. Yatsuka.The evolution of a defensive position .“A House is a Work of Art” . 1980 (Itsuko Hasegawa) ." Oppositions (Winter 1981) D. Togo Murano: Master Architect of Japan (New York. Tokyo. 1981 (Kazuo Shinohara) .). Stewart.HOUSE IN UEHARA. Tadao Ando (1941-) . 1996) H.The changing course of Shinohara's work .U HOUSE IN NAKANO. 1995) B. The Making of a Modern Japanese Architecture (Tokyo. Tokyo.HOUSE IN NERIMA.Repeating Crevice House. 1987). 1975 (Itsuko Hasegawa) . Special issue of JA. "Architecture in the Urban Desert.HOUSE ON A CURVED ROAD.Readings: B. Yatsuka. 1974 (Kazuo Shinohara) . OCT. 22 THE ARCHITECTURE OF MINIMALISM – Kazuo Shinohara & Tadao Ando Between the Abstract and the Poetic Kazuo Shinohara (1925-2006) and his “School” . 1961 (Kazuo Shinohara) .

Soaring land prices .TEZUKAYAMA HOUSE (Manabe Residence).Machiya and Sukiya-zukuri tradition .Tea Houses in Oyodo. Frampton (ed.The poesis of light–and–shadow .The process of globalization: Japanese export and trade imbalance . 1984. Ashiya. Osaka. Readings: B.. Tokyo. Wakayama. Kobe. "progressive anarchy" .Building/demolition/building cycle accelerates beyond any “reason” . Takarazuka.Festival (Commercial Complex). Tadao Ando (New York. Tomamu. 1982. Okinawa. Osaka.Matsumoto Residence. Hokkaido.TOMISHIMA HOUSE. Tadao Ando (Köln. 1977.Atelier in Oyodo (Ando's Office).Orchestration of void or no–thingness (mujo) .Kojima Housing. 1985-1988 . 1984). 1977. P. ."twin" architecture . .The gradual opening of the "box" . . . . Osaka. Osaka. Bognar. . .ROKKO HOUSING 1.TIME'S 1 1984 and 2 1991 (Commercial Complex). 1982.Okusu Residence. 1978. ." Oppositions (Winter 1981) Oct.CHURCH ON THE WATER. 1974. 1978. Kumamoto Prefecture .Ando's religious architecture .Soseikan. 1986. Contemporary Japanese Architecture (New York.Architecture as consumer object . 1976. 29 ARCHITECTURE OF THE BUBBLE ERA .The role of geometry: concrete walls and trabeated pergolas ."creative chaos" vs. 1988. Osaka.ROKKO CHAPEL. . .WALL HOUSE (Matsumoto Residence). 1982 . Naha.GLASS–BLOCK HOUSE (Ishihara Residence). 1985) K.The courtyard: the introduction of nature . 1981. "Architecture in the Urban Desert. Kurashiki. Jodidio.Tokyo the international city .Huge investments in property: buildings and structures . Kobe.The delirious "city of desires" with no center nor exterior/interior . .The new urban renaissance: Kumamoto Art Polis. Yatsuka.Japanese capitalism or consumer economy in overdrive .There is money for everything . Kyoto. . 1997) H. .ROW HOUSE AT SUMIYOSHI (Azuma Residence). 1980. .KOSHINO RESIDENCE.Increasingly large complexes . Osaka.). 1972.1 . Ashiya.

Kyoto.A new. Tokyo. 1984 (Fumihiko Maki) . Tokyo. Mito 1990 (Arata Isozaki) .foreign architects in Japan .The inferior or the trivial and the world-class in architecture .K Museum. 1986 (Atsushi Kitagawara) ."de(con)struction" or dispersion of Architecture . MAKUHARI MESSE. composition .TOKYO and Images of and from the contemporary Japanese cityscape . the "spaces of flows" fragmentation lightness as architectural paradigm semi–permeability ephemerality. 1997 (Makoto Sei Watanabe) . 1987 (Kisho Kurokawa) .from Form to no–form (non–con–form). 1980 (Minoru Takeyama) .KIRIN PLAZA. Tokyo. Tsukuba. Amagasaki.toward a New Space as a field or site of action/event . Tokyo."Zero degree machine" ."ORIGIN" No.from "hardware" technology to a new. Tokyo. 1991 (Shin Takamatsu) .TOKYO METROPOLITAN GYMNASIUM. 1990 (Shin Takamatsu) . Chiba.TSUKUBA CENTER BUILDING.ART TOWER MITO.FUJISAWA MUNICIPAL GYM.Humax Pavilion. Tokyo. 1992 (Hiroyuki Wakabayashi) . 1985 (Fumihiko Maki) . 1990 (Shin Takamatsu) . 1987 (Shin Takamatsu) . 1988 on.high–tech vs. "software" technology .a "new" phenomenalism . 1991 (Minoru Takeyama .TOKYO PORT TERMINAL. Fujisawa.illusion vs.Architects as stars . a new primitivism (industrial vernacular) . Building.NIPPON CONVENTION CENTER.IMANISHI MOTOAKASAKA..109 Building. 1986 (Shin Takamatsu) . Teleport Town.HIROSHIMA CITY MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART. 3. Various architects . dynamics.The age of experimentation ."RISE" CINEMA BUILDING. Tokyo. non-monumental (or "non-permanent") mode of urbanism . impermanence.Solaris."SPIRAL" BUILDING. or unstable form vs. 1990 (Fumihiko Maki) . 1983 (Arata Isozaki) Diego Velazquez: Las Meninas (painting by the Spanish painter 1599-1660) . Kumamoto.SYNTAX. reality .The “new golden age of Japanese architecture” . Kyoto. temporality instability and a sense of catastrophe: .Kumamoto Art Polis.Nagoya City Museum of Modern Art. 1990 (Fumihiko Maki) . Osaka. 1988 (Kisho Kurokawa) . sensibilities: architecture .

Tosayamada-cho. Ibaraki. France." Yokohama.) .KAKEGAWA CITY HALL. Ehime Pref. Sakata. 1998 (Ryoji Suzuki) . 1986 (Toyo Ito) . Saitama Pref. Kumamoto Pref.SAGISHIMA "RING" Guest House.YAMATO INTERNATIONAL.NEW TOKYO CITY HALL. Chiba Pref. 1992 (Kiyonori Kikutake) .UMEDA SKY BUILDING. Tokyo. Hiroshima Pref. Tokyo.Meditation Space in the UNESCO Headquarters. 1992 (Hiroshi Hara) . Kashiwa.Tokyo International Forum. 1996 (Rafael Vinoly) . 1990. Saitama Pref. 1991 (Kenzo Tange) . 1994-97 (Ryoji Suzuki) ." Tokyo.. Yamagata Pref.Edo–Tokyo Museum.) . 1994 (Takefumi Aida) . Gumma Pref.TOKYO WAR DEAD MEMORIAL PARK. Kao–machi. 1997 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd..Ashikita Youth Center. Nagano Pref.. 1986-88 (Hiroshi Hara) . 1998 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Kawasato. 1989 & 1998 (Tadao Ando) ...WATER TEMPLE. 1984 (Kazuo Shinohara) . 1985-87 (Hiroshi Hara) . Tokyo. Tokyo. 1993 (Hiroshi Hara) ..05 ARCHITECTURE OF THE BUBBLE ERA . 1994 (Tadao Ando) . Ikaho.2 . AQUARIUM. Kakegawa. 1987 (Kazuo Shinohara) . Toyota. Osaka.Yukian Teahouse.TOYOTA MUNICIPAL MUSEUM OF MODERN ART.. Shibaura Institute of Technology. 1990 (Tadao Ando) . Minami–Kawachi. Kochi Pref."Crystal Light..Saito Memorial Hall.TOKYO SEA LIFE PARK.Shinohara House. Naoshima-cho. Fukuoka (Shoei Yoh) . Naha. Omiya."Tower of Wind... 1988 (Takefumi Aida) .Kochi University of Technology. Tokyo. 1990 (Takefumi Aida) . Kagoshima Pref. Shizuoka Pref. 1997 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd.. 1995 (Masaharu Takasaki) NOV . Kochi. Iida.Collezione. Okinawa. 1986-87 (Hiroshi Hara) .CHURCH WITH LIGHT & Sunday School..Ose Secondary School. Tokyo. 1996 (Tadao Ando) . 1986-88 (Hiroshi Hara) .) .Tokatsu Techno Plaza. Kumamoto.KEN DOMON MUSEUM OF PHOTOGRAPHY.) . 1987 (Ryoji Suzuki) .KAWASATO FURUSATO HALL. 1992 (Tadao Ando) . 1991 (Yoshio Taniguchi) . 1996 (Yoshio Taniguchi) .Saibu Gas Museum. 1995.IIDA CITY MUSEUM.Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum. Yokohama. Mie Pref. 1991 (Tadao Ando) . Kihoku-cho.FOREST OF TOMBS MUSEUM. Mihara.Josei Primary School.TIT CENTENNIAL HALL. Tokyo. Osaka.Osaka Dome. Nagano Pref. 1987 (Masaharu Takasaki) . 1987 (Hiroshi Hara) . Paris.. Uchiko-cho.” Nakaiida.GENICHIRO INOKUMA MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART.AZABU EDGE Building. Tokyo (Yoshio Taniguchi) . 1992 (Tadao Ando) . Tokyo. 1983 (Yoshio Taniguchi) . Marugame.Chikatsu–Asuka Historical Museum. 1996 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd..Kenju Park “Forest House. Awaji Island. VISITORS CENTER.KIHOKU ASTRONOMICAL MUSEUM. Osaka.Sakamoto Ryoma Memorial Hall. 1991 (Workstation: Akiko & Hiroshi Takahashi) ..

Kumamoto. Aoki. 1991 (Riken Yamamoto) .Slit-Villa / Ren-An. Kumamoto. BEYOND THE BUBBLE: The New Japanese Architecture. 1988 (Kazuyo Sejima) . Kyoto. 1992–1994 (Riken Yamamoto) ..) .. London: Phaidon. Nagaoka.. Setagaya-ku. Yokohama. Shinonome. Bognar.Japanese architects abroad.Reduced investment in real estate and architecture .Healing the wounds of the land and nature .MEDIATHEQUE. . 1987 (Riken Yamamoto) .Saishunkan Girls' Dormitory (K.Italy + Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Sendai.C-HOUSE. Tokyo.Sapporo Dome.IWADEYAMA JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. Yamanashi Pref.P. 1997 B. Harima Science City . new “openness” etc.Ryokuen-toshi Inter-junction City. Iwadeyama.) . Sapporo. . new materiality . Osaka Pref. 2003 (Atelier Bow Wow) . 1990 (Kazuyo Sejima) .Shifting priorities in architecture and urbanism .). Tokyo.New urban developments: Shiodome.The ecology of architecture.12 BEYOND THE BUBBLE .“SILVER HUT. Bognar.Platform House I. 1997 (Hiroshi Hara) .Platform House II.New (information) technologies and the evolution of a new architectural paradigm .Remnants of the “Bubble” Era: mega-projects . Komazawa. 2001 (Toyo Ito) . Roppongi Heights.. Tokyo.Nagaoka “Lyric” Hall.. 2001 (Hiroshi Hara) . 2008 NOV. 1997 (Riken Yamamoto) . Saitama Pref. Katsuura. Yokohama. 1992 (Toyo Ito) . 2000 (Nikken Sekkei Ltd.HOTAKUBO DAIICHI PUBLIC HOUSING (K.GAE HOUSE. Ban.).. 1997 (Toyo Ito) . Tokyo. 1988 (Riken Yamamoto) . 1984 (Toyo Ito) . 1991 (Kazuyo Sejima) Readings: B.P. 1986 (Toyo Ito) .A.Shimosuwa Municipal Museum. increased exchange of “information” .S. Setagaya-ku.Kengo Kuma and his “erasing architecture” ."Nomad" Restaurant. w / Ellerbe Becket . 2002 (Tele Design) . Tokyo. World Cities: TOKYO.A.Younger generation & new Minimalism: Tele-Design.The “bubble” bursts in the early 1990s .” Tokyo..Japan’s longest recession & the changes in Japanese society: aging.KYOTO STATION.. London: Academy Editions. Nagano Pref.SAITAMA SUPER ARENA. Atelier Bow Wow. Miyagi Pref. 1994 (Renzo Piano .Kansai International Airport.Japan and the global marketplace of architecture: toward the Twenty-First Century . Omiya. Kumamoto Pref. Chibe Pref. Izumisano..U.1 .YATSUSHIRO MUNICIPAL MUSEUM.. Yatsushiro. 1991 (Toyo Ito) . 2002 (Tele Design) . Sejima.Rotunda. Shimosuwa. Miyagi Pref.HAMLET--Residential Complex. Niigata Pref.

) . Harima New Science City. Centre Pompidou. Nagoya. 2004 (Atelier Bow Wow) .Shutter House for a Photographer. Fort Worth. 2004 (Waro Kishi) . Nagasaki. 2004 (Atelier Bow Wow) .Temporary Structure. 2004 (Tadao Ando) . 1997 (Tadao Ando) . Awaji Island. Machida. Koshigaya. Tokyo.HOUSE IN A PLUM TREE GROVE. Fukuoka Pref. Fuji City. Fukuoka. 2004 (Yoshio Taniguchi) . Tokyo. Kobe.Fabrica-Benetton Research Center.. MO. 2000 (Riken Yamamoto) .12 BEYOND THE BUBBLE . 2003 (Shigeru Ban) . Nagano Pref. Saitama Pref. St.PAPER CHURCH. 2001 (Tadao Ando) . Nagata-ku. Tokyo.IZU HOUSE.Kompira San Visitors Center.2 . Kyoto.. 2005 (Toyo Ito) . Naoshima Island.CHICHU ART MUSEUM.Five Cube-Houses.POLA MUSEUM OF ART.Island City Central Park GRIN GRIN. 2004 (SANAA) NOV. 1999 (Riken Yamamoto) . Tokyo..Mikimoto Ginza. Mishima. 2004 (Shigeru Ban) .“Springtecture” (Public Toilets). 1995 (Shigeru Ban) . Hyogo Prefecture. Paris. Tokyo.Hanamidori Cultural Center.HIROSHIMA NAKA INCINERATOR. 1999 (Yasumitsu Matsunaga) .PAPER MUSEUM PAM-A. Block Y.AWAJI YUMEBUTAI.Fort Worth Museum.SAITAMA PREFECTURAL UNIVERSITY. Hiroshima.LOUIS VUITTON OMOTESANDO.NAKAJIMA GARDEN. Italy. 2002 (Tadao Ando) . 1998 (Shuhei Endo) .. Treviso. Karuizawa. Tokyo. TX. Tokyo. 2002 (Jun Aoki) . 1999 (Hiroshi Hara) .Fuji Kindergarten.SHINONOME APARTMENTS. 2002 (Obayashi Corporation) . Hakone.Oasis 21. 2004 (Ryoji Suzuki) . 2005 (Atelier Bow Wow) . Louis. Tokyo. Kanazawa. 2006 (Toyo Ito) . 2000 (Tadao Ando) .DIOR OMOTESANDO. 2002 (Shigeru Ban) . 2007 (Tezuka Architects) .Pulitzer Foundation Gallery.HOUSE STANDARD.Hiroshima West Fire Station.Black Dog House. 2004 (SANAA) . 2002 (Koichi Yasuda of Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Kotohira. Hiroshima. 2004 (Kazuyo Sejima) . 2004 (Riken Yamamoto) .KANAZAWA 21ST CENTURY MUSEUM OF ART.

China.Plastic House. 2006 (SANAA) . 2000 (Kengo Kuma) . 2005). 2008 (Kengo Kuma) . China. Shanghai. 1994 (Kengo Kuma) . Ehime Pref.TOD’S Omotesando.Noh Stage in the Forest.LANGEN FOUNDATION GALLERY.The Great “Bamboo” Wall. Nasu. 2004 (Tadao Ando) .OPPOSITE HOUSE HOTEL. 2007 (Tadao Ando) Readings: B. Gifu Pref. Tokyo. OH. Neuss. Kakamigahara.STONE MUSEUM. (London.New Contemporary Museum of Art.YIEN EAST / ARCHIPELAGO. 2006 (Kengo Kuma) . Bognar. 2004 (Toyo Ito) . 2006 (Toyo Ito) . Bognar. Head Offices. Tokyo. Bowery. 2000 (Kengo Kuma) .LVMH Shinsaibashi. Yoshiumi Island.. MATERIAL IMMATERIAL – The New Works of Kengo Kuma (New York.Z58 SHOWROOM AND OFFICE BUILDING. USA.21_21 Design Sight... Nagasaki. 2001 (Kengo Kuma) . China. Osaka.. Tochigi Pref. 2004 (Kengo Kuma) .KIRO-SAN OBSERVATORY.GINZAN ONSEN FUJIYA RYOKAN. 2007 (SANAA) . 2004 (Kengo Kuma) . 2007 (Kengo Kuma) . Bato.MEISO NO MORI MUNICIPAL FUNERAL HALL.NAGASAKI ART MUSEUM. Germany. BEYOND THE BUBBLE: The New Japanese Architecture.. 2009) . New York. Bognar. 1996 (Kengo Kuma) . USA. Kanagawa Prefecture. Tochigi Pref.Asahi Broadcasting Corp.GLASS CENTER FOR THE TOLEDO MUSEUM OF ART.. KENGO KUMA: Selected Works (New York. 2008) B. Tokyo.MUSEUM OF ANDO HIROSHIGE. Obanazawa. Osaka. 2001 (Kengo Kuma) . Miyagi Pref. 2005 (Kengo Kuma) . B. Beijing. Toledo.LOTUS HOUSE. 2008 (Kengo Kuma) . Kyoto. Toyoma. 2006 (Kengo Kuma) .. Yamagata Pref.

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