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Export Table 2c

Export Shipment Characteristics by Domestic Mode of Transportation: Percent of Total for 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the 2002 and 1997 Commodity Flow Surveys. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Domestic mode of Value (percent) Tons (percent) Ton-miles (1) (percent)
transportation 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997
All modes 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single modes 86.1 78.5 95.2 72.2 89.1 80.6
Truck (2) 65.0 59.3 37.8 25.6 40.5 25.6
Rail 4.8 6.4 23.4 28.1 37.6 43.0
Water 3.5 2.5 32.1 18.3 10.2 11.7
Air (including truck and air) 12.6 10.2 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.4
Pipeline (3) S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11.7 10.2 3.2 3.3 9.7 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9.1 6.9 0.1 — 0.2 —
Truck and rail. 2.2 3.2 1.9 1.9 4.7 5.3
Other multiple modes 0.4 0.1 1.2 1.3 4.9 3.9
Other and unknown modes 2.2 11.3 1.6 24.5 1.1 10.2

KEY:
— Represents an estimate equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

(1) Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage
Calculation" section for additional information.
(2) "Truck" as a single mode includes shipment that were made by only private truck only for-hire truck, or a combination of
private and for-hire truck.
(3) Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTE: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures
of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentially protection, sampling error, nonsampling
error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard
Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements.
Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Research and Innovative Technologies Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census
Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Export Data, March 2005.