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Algebra revision notes about quadratic equations.How to find roots by factorising,completing the square and using the Formula.

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Solution by factorising - This is best understood with an example.

solve:

You must first ask yourself which two factors when multiplied will give 12 ?

The factor pairs of 12 are : 1 x 12, 2 x 6 and 3 x 4

You must decide which of these factor pairs added or subtracted will give 7 ?

1 : 12 ...gives 13, 11

2 : 6 .....gives 8, 4

3 : 4 .....gives 7, 1

Which combination when multiplied makes +12 and which when added gives -7?

these are the choices:

(+3)(+4),

(-3)(+4),

(+3)(-4)

(-3)(-4)

Clearly, (-3)(-4) are the two factors we want.

therefore

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Algebra Quadratic Equations topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

Now to solve the equation

.

factorising, as above

either

or

for the equation to be true.

So the roots of the equation are:

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**

Algebra Quadratic Equations topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

Completing the square

**This can be fraught with difficulty, especially if you only half understand what you are
**

doing.

The method is to move the last term of the quadratic over to the right hand side of the

equation and to add a number to both sides so that the left hand side can be factorised as

the square of two terms.

e.g.

**However, there is a much neater way of solving this type of problem, and that is by
**

remembering to put the equation in the following form:

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**

Algebra Quadratic Equations topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

using the previous example,

**GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com
**

Algebra Quadratic Equations topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

Using the Formula - the two solutions of quadratic equations in the form

are given by the formula:

Example #1 find the two values of x that satisfy the following quadratic equation:

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

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