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OPAMPS

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IDEAL OPAMP .

Ideal Opamp vout  A(v1  v2 ) .

• The open-loop gain (A) is infinte. the opamp can drive any load impedance to any voltage.i. • The output impedance is zero . .i.e.Ideal opamp • The input impedance is infinite .e. no current ever flows into either input of the op-amp.

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vo  A(v1  v2 ) v 2  vo vo  A(v1  vo ) vo (1  A)  Av1 vo vo Av1  1 A  v1 .

Inverting Amplifier .

R2 vo   v1 R1 v2  v1 R2 Av   R1 .

Non-inverting amplifier .

R2 Av  (1  ) R1 .

Summing amplifier .

integrator .

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Differentiator .

i  dq / dt dq  cdv i  cdv / dt vo   R f cdv / dt .