You are on page 1of 2

fons'kh oLrq R;kx dj cksyks oUnsekrje~

oLrq

Lons'kh mRiknu&ç;ksx djas

ugkus dk xksnjst] larjw ] fujek] LofLrd] eSljw l¡My] foçks&f'kdkdkbZ] Ýs'k] vQxk.k] dqVhj] gksekdksy] fizfe;e] ehjk] esfMfeDl]
lkcqu firkacjh] foey] pafnzdk] xaxk] flaFkky] ouJh] loksn
Z ;] uhek] vuqjk o y?kq&dqVhj m|ksx ds vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
diM+s /kksus dk LofLrd] llk] Iyl] fujek] vWDVks] foey] ghiksyhu] MsV] firkacjh] ch-ch-] Qsuk] mtkyk] bZt+h] ?kM+h] tasfVy] eatqyk]
lkcqu vuqjk] vU; LFkkfud mRiknu] vU; y?kq&dqVhj m|ksx ds vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
lk®n;Z çlk/ku fVIl ,.M Vkst] J`axkj] flaFkkWy] larwj] bekeh] vQxk.k] cksjksIyl] rqylh] ohdks VeZfjd] vfuZdk] gs;j ,.M ds;j]
vkS"kf/k fgekuh] iWjk'kwV] MWUMªQ lksY;q'ku] fgerkt] flYds'kk] ukbZy] Qse] cylkjk] tsds] Mkcj >aMw] lkaMw] cs|ukFk] fgeky;]

HkkLdj] rUoh] cksjksyhu] dsjkQsM] ctkt lsokJe] izdk'k] dksdksjkt] fizfe;e] ewo] ØSd Øhe] vk;qj] ikdZ ,osU;w]
dkloNki uspj blsl vkSj y?kq&dqVhj m|ksx ds vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
VqFkisLV
ccwy] çkWfel] fodks] vksjk] vej] v¡dj] Mkcj] canj Nki] Vq tsy] pkWbZl] felokd] vt;] gcks±MasV] vtark] xjokjs cz'k]
nareatu
VqFkcz'k Dykfld] bZxy] nariksyk] canj Nki] oS|ukFk] ;qojkt] bekeh rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
nk<+h dk lkcqu xkWnjst] vQxk.k] bekeh] lqij] Lons'kh] lqijeSDl] v'kksd] oh&tkWu] Vksikt] iukuk] çhfe;e] ikdZ ,osU;w] ys>j] fo|qr]
CysM~l ts-ds- rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
fcLdhV lkBs] csdesu] eksuWdks] ØsdtSd] fxV~l] 'kkyhekj] iSjh] jkoyxkao] fuyfxjh] Dykfld] vewy] U;wVªkewy] ekWUthuht] vkjs]
pkWdysV nqXèk dWedks] lezkV] jkW;y] fot;k] baMkuk] lQy] ,f'k;u] foOl czsM] osjdk] lkxj] liu] fiz;k xksYM] U;wVªhu] 'kkafxzyk]
mRiknu czsM pWfEi;u] vWEizks] ikysZ] rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
pk; dkWQh fxjukj] gleq[k] VkVk Vh] vklke Vh] lkslk;Vh] liV ¼bLVaV½] Madu] cáiq=k] ,e-vkj-] 'ku] fVil] baMh;k] v'kksd] rst]

VkVk dWQs] dUlksfyMsVsV dWQs] VkVk&VsVyh vkSj vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
'khris; 'kjcr] ,uthZ] lksl;ks] dWEikdksyk] xq:th] vksUtql] tkfEiu] uhjks] fiaxks] ÝwVh] vkLokn] Mkcj] ekyk] jkWtlZ] jluk] gennZ] eSçks]
pVuh vpkj] jsucks] dWYoVZ] LkhVsfECydk] :g&vkQtk] t; xtkuu] gYnhjke] xksdqy] chdkusj] osdQhYM] uksxk] fç;k] v'kksd] enlZ
eqjCok jslsih] mek] ,p-ih-,e-lh mRikn] fge rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
ihus dk ikuh fclysjh] cSyh] uWpjy] vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
vkbZLØhe fnu'kkW] tkW;] okMhyky] Jhjke] isLruth] uspj oYMZ] xksdwy] vewy] fgeky;] fu:yk] isjhuk] enj Ms;jh] vkjs] foaMh]

gWo eksj] osjdk rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
[kk|rsy lu¶ykoj] ek:fr] iksLVeSu] /kkjk] jkWdsV] fxéh] Lohdkj] dkWjusyk] luMªki] jFk] eksgu] meax] fot;k] liu] iWjk'kwV]
[kk|inkFkZ v'kksd] lQksyk] dksfguwj] e/kqj] batu] xxu] ve`r] ouLifr] jkenso] ,eMh,p] ,ojsLV] csMsdj] dqcy] Mkcj] lgdkj]

fyTtr] x.ks'k] 'kfäHkksx vkVk] VkVk ued] ,e-Vh-vkj- rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
fo|qr midj.k fofM;ksdkWu] ch-ih-,y] vksfuMk] lyksjk] bZVh,.MVh] Vh&lhjht] usYdks] osLVuZ] viVªkWu] dsYVªku] dkWfLed] Vhoh,l]
x`gksi;ksxh oLrq xksnjst] Økmu] ctkt] m"kk] iksyj] ,¡dj] lw;kZ] vksfj,UV] fléh] VwYyw] ØkWEiVu] joh] t; 'kadj] dSyk'k] Jhjke]
] yk;M~l] Cyw LVkj] OgksYVkl] dwy gkse] [ksrku] ,OgjsMh] thi] uksfouks] vWEizks] fuysZi] bykbZV] vatyh] t;dks] lqehr]

caxky] eSlwj] gkWfdUl] çsLVht] egkjktk] t;iku] çs'kj dqdj rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
?kfM+;ka VkbVu] vtUrk] ,p,eVh] eSfDlek] vkfYou]
ys[ku lkexzh t+h¶yks] foYlu] dSfEyu] jsOgykWu] jksVkseWd] lsyks] fLVd] paæk] eksaVsDl] dSey] fcV~Vw] fLVd] IysVks] dksyks] f=kos.kh]

¶yksjk] vIljk] uVjkt] fganqLrku] vksesxk] yksVl] dSes] fyad rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
twrs] pIiy y[kkuh] fycVhZ LVSUMMZ] ,D'ku] iSjkxkWu] ¶yW'k] djksuk] osyde] jsDlksuk] fjySDlks] yksVl] jsM&Vsi] fQfuDl] ok;fdax]
ikWfy'k fcYyh] dkuksZck] fdoh 'kw ikWfy'k] ¶ysDl] cqMyWuM rFkk vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu
rS;kj diM+s eQryky] VasªM] dsfEczt] pjkxnhu] Mcy cqy] >ksfM,d] vjfoan Msfue] MkWu] çksyhu] VhVh] yDl] vewy] ohvkbZih] :ik]

jse.M] ikdZ ,osU;w] vfYVeks] U;wiksVZ] fdyj] ,DldWfycj] ¶ykb±x e'khu] M;wDl] dksydkrk] yqf/k;kuk] rFkk fr#iqj ds
lHkh gkStjh lfgr vU; LFkkuh; mRiknu

eaM] fyIVu] xzhu yscy] VkbZxj] usldWQs] uslys] MsYdk] czw] lujkbZt] Fkzh ¶ykolZ 'khris.lZ] jsDlksuk] geke] t.QksMZ .ksxh oLrq fgrkph] FkkWelu] bysDVªksyDl] vdkbZ] lkulwwbZ] dsuoqM] vkbok] vkWfYou fÝt] dSfj.wDl] QWUVk] dWMcjh] dWuMk Mªk.wVhdqjk] fyfjy] yWDes] Msfue] vkWjxkWfuDl] isUVhu] :V~l] gsM .y ys[ku lkexzh ikdZj] ik.M 'kksYMj] vWeos] DokaVe] Dyhfud] fugkj] dksdks ds.M Vsyj] vWysu lkWyh] ck.kas ds mRiknu&cfg"dkj djas ugkus dk lkcqu yDl] fyfjy] ykbZQckW.j] Vijosvj] tiku ykbZQ ?kfM+.kx dj cksyks oUnsekrje~ oLrq cgqjk"Vªh.jfly] fczyØhe] Qs.k x`gksi.y] psd] Mcy] Vªhyks] 501] vksds] dh] fjcsy] vWeos] DokaVe] lQZ .j] tkiku ykbZQ] vksesxk] VkbesDl] jkMks] ik.j] dksadk] Vijos.kkZ ued] vkVk vkSj pikrh] eWxh] fdlku] rjyk] czqd&ck¡M] fiYlcjh vkVk] [kk|inkFkZ dSIVu dqd ued vkSj vkVk] ekWMuZ pikrh] dkjfxy vkVk] vady fpIl] yst] ysgj thbZlh] fQfyIl] lksuh] VhMhds] fuIiks] uW'kuy&iSuklksfud] 'kkiZ] thbZ] OgyZiwy] lSelax] nsow] rks'khck] .fons'kh oLrq R.j] XySDlks] uojkfV~l] ekWjfVe vkfn VqFkisLV dkWyxsV] flckdk] Dykstvi] isIlksMasV] flXuy] eWDyhUl] çqMaV] vSeos] DokaVe] vDok Ýs'k] uhe] vksjy&ch] nareatu VqFkcz'k QksjgWUl nk<+h dk lkcqu ikevkWfyo] vksYM LikbZl] fufo.j ..Dysvj] ehyks] ekWMuZ czsM] ekYVksok] fOgok] ekbyks] feYdQwM pk.fly] vkS"kf/k 'kkWoj Vw 'kkWoj] D.Dlsy] fju] foeckj] lkcqu fc>] jkWfcu Cyw] vkSj fgUnqLrku yhoj fyfeVsM ds vU.fj.ksfu.Z çlk/ku tkWUlu] ikW.] Ø'k ihus dk ikuh vWDokfduk] fdUys] uslys uWpjy vkbZLØhe dWMcjh] MkWykWi] ukbZl] czqd czkaM ds mRiknu] DokfyVh okWYl] dkWjusyh] ckLdhu&jkWfcUl] .] fi.y th] fo|qr midj.] eksrh] dSes] MWo] ikWaM~l] ikevkWfyo] tkWUlu] fDy.wek] ikWoj] psjh&CykWle] vkfnnkl] fjckWd] ukbd] yhdwij] xSlksyhu ikWfy'k yh ds lHkh mRikn] ihVj baXySaM] cfy±xVu] vWjks] ydksLV] lWufQLdks] dyjIyl] OgWu gqlsu] yqbZ fQfyi] ysfol] rS. mRiknu lk®n.M~l] vksYM LikbZl] fDy.ka vksesxk] VkbZesDl] Vhlh.k&xqM Ms o czsM] VkbZxj] eSjh] uslys] dWMcjh] cksuZfOgVk] gkWfyZDl] cwLV] feYdesM] fdlku] eSxh] QSjsDl] nqXèk mRiknu czsM vfudLçs] dkWEIyku] fdVdSV] pktZ] .kj diM+s isis thUl] j®xyj] csusVksu] jhM .k] ikWUMl~] IySfVue] ftysV] lsosu&vks&Dykd] foyeSu] foYVst] bjWfLed] CysMl ~ fLol] yWDes] Msfue fcLdhV pkWdysV fczVkfu. 'kjcr] pVuh vpkj] ysgj] isIlh] lsou&vi] fej°Mk] Vhe] dksdk&dksyk] eWdMkWosy lksMk] eWxksyk] xksYMLikWV] fyEdk] flVªk] eqjCok FkEl&vi] fLçaV] M...M yoyh] osYosV] esMhds.wVu] QScj&dSlsy] yDt+j] fcd] ek¡V CySd] dksjl] vsl] jksVfjax] osVflax twrs] pIiy ckVk] I. dkWQh czqd ck¡M] rktegy] jsM&yscy] Mk.j] ysoasMj] uk. daifu.kadh&MwMYl] dkWjusV~Vks [kk|rsy MkyMk] fØLVy] fyIVu] véiw.yV] foaMlj&U.jfly] MsVkWy] yslkUlh] tLehu] xksLMfeLV] yDes] vWeos] DokaVe] ekxksZ] Qk] uhe diM+s /kksus dk luykbZV] Oghy] .