Hypoxis hemerocallidea Inkomfe (Zulu) ORIGIN OF PLANT / HABITAT H. hemerocallidea is widely distributed in the grasslands of South Africa. GROWTH Hypoxis species are tuberous perennials with long, strap-like leaves and yellow, starshaped flowers. The species can be distinguished by the size, shape & orientation of the leaves and the size & shape of the flowers. LEAF SHAPE Broad, slightly hairy leaves which are arranged one above the other to form three distinct groups spreading outwards from the centre of the plant. FLOWERS Bright yellow star-shaped flowers are borne on long, slender stalks. PARTS USED The tuberous rootstock (corm), which is dark brown or black on the outside and yellow within when freshly cut, is used. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS Phytosterol glycosides (mainly B-sitosterol), rooperol ACTIONS Rooperol was shown to have several biological activities – anti-inflammatory, anticancer & anti-HIV effects in clinical trials.

Internally – Dizziness, bladder problems, tonic for weak children, prostate problems, urinary infections. Externally – Burns, skin ailments.

Φ The leaves are used as a dye and give a black colour.

Φ Traditional uses include testicular tumours, prostate hypertrophy & urinary infections. 1

B. Van Oudtshoorn. 2000. PE DATE – 01/2003 2 . N. & Gericke. 2002. & Gericke. People’s Plants: A guide to useful plants in Southern Africa.. B. 2000. Deni.INFO REF Φ Van Wyk. N. Φ Van Wyk. Φ Brown. Medicinal Plants of South Africa. The Royal Horticultural Society – New Encyclopedia of Herbs & Their Uses. SPECIMEN COLLECTED – Van Stadens area. B.

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