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Feasibili ty Repo r t



The study provides information regarding investment opportunity

for setting up a rice husking and polishing unit in Pakistan,

especially in the area of Sahiwal, Okara, Lahore , Hafizabad and

Sialkot districts.
which is grown on a large irrigated area in Pakistan. The
objective of this document is to provide information about
investment opportunity for setting up a Rice Husking &
Polishing Unit.
Rice is grown on irrigated areas of all the four provinces
of Pakistan. The rice crop is sown in the months of
June/July and harvested in September/October. The crop
needs a fertile land and a heavy fertilizer for getting good
Rice is a high water-intensive crop. It needs flood
irrigation during the entire season. There are different
varieties of rice crop, which differ in tastes and aromas.
Two main species of rice, i.e. Basmati and Irri, are most
commonly grown in Pakistan. The average yield of rice is
14 maunds (40 kg) per acre for Basmati and 29 maunds (83
kg) per acre for Irri rice. Basmati is considered to be the
most superior variety of rice.
Oppor tunity Rationale
Pakistan's second largest staple food crop, rice, is a source
of foreign exchange earnings. At the end of the eighties,
Pakistan followed the USA and Thailand as the third
largest rice exporting country in the world. The long grain
sweet smelling rice called basmati is grown only in parts
of Pakistan. The peculiar soil, climate and farming
techniques combine to produce this world-renowned
variety of rice, which is a gourmet's dream. Basmati rice is
now available in most super markets in all over the world.
The demand for polished rice is increasing in the export
market and there is still shortage of modern rice processing
mills that can produce branded rice of the required quality.
Pakistan produces good quality rice in the world. Basmati
rice is the most delicious variety of rice produced in
Pakistan. The proximity of Middle East market has enabled
Pakistan's rice to compete with the International rice. The
market for coarse rice i.e. Irri is decreasing in the Middle
East as the consumer preferences have changed in Saudi
Arabia and other Arab countries towards the quality
Basmati rice. Basmati fetch highest unit price per ton in the
international market.

We will strive to provide our customers with the largest selection of

rice varieties and rice-related products available at a competitive price

and in a friendly and timely manner. In addition, our customers will

always be treated with the utmost integrity, honesty and fairness.


Always comes up to the expectations of customers. It makes a

concerted effort to give the best quality. The achievement of excellence

of standards that we have set up for irreproachable quality of rice is

made possible through constant vigilance of the entire process from

procurement to marketing. We offer a traceability, end-to-end controlled

process by conducting checks and monitoring every stage.


Rice Milling is an important activity in rural areas both for self-

sustenance as well as source of subsidiary income to small farmers &

agricultural laborers. The bye product i.e. rice-husk can be also used for

producing rice-bran oil if the volume is large as well as for domestic

fuel. Rice Milling can be also undertaken on commercial basis for

producing rice from paddy & sell it on a profit.

Eastern Region rural side is dependent on agriculture to a large

extent and paddy crop is one of the chief farm produce in this area. The

number of marginal, small farmers & agricultural laborers is very large

in the area, and their quantity of production is very small. Therefore

most of them are dependent on small millers in the neighborhood for

converting their paddy into rice. Apart from this, the miller can also

procure paddy from, the market & sell the rice at a profit on commercial


Technical Aspects:-
Since it is proposed to install mini rice mill, the process of rice

milling is not a very complex one and technical training of a very high

order is not required. The supplier of the machinery will be able to

provide initial guidance to run the Equipments. Power consumption for

the attached motor is also low.

Implementation schedule:-

a) Project Duration 5 years

b) Phasing of the project Beginning from 2009 to 2013

Objectives of Project.
1- We will strive to provide our customers with the largest

selection of rice varieties

2- To p r ovi de th e ri c e at af fo r d a b l e p ri c e to th e

c us t ome r s .

3- To s atis f y th e c u s tome r i s o u r p ri o ri ty.

4- De a l wi th h on e s ty a n d fa i r n e ss .

Location of Project.
Yous a f Wa l a

5 km L a h or e r oa d

Sa h i wa l

Var iet y-w is e Dis tr ibu tio n of Ar ea un der Ri ce

Cul tiv ation
(in Paki sta n)

Area Under Rice


(Total area 2.5

million hectares)

Area Under Rice Cultivation

Pro posed Capacity
The husking unit is assumed to operate on 60% capacity
utilization in the first year. The unit will process 48 tons
per day of paddy during seven months of operations.3The
ricepolishing unit will also operate on 60% capacity
utilization in the first year and will process 32 tons of
polished rice for the year4.


Rice industry is growing over the last three decades
with an increasing demand of processed rice in local as
well as in export market.
Major Players
Major players in the rice processing industry are
located in Lahore, Gujranwalan and Hafizabad
districts. etc.

Local Mar ket
Rice is the second largest food item of the Pakistani
households after wheat flour. During the last decade, the
production of rice in Pakistan has been around 5 million
tons per annum. Around 2.9 millions tons of rice is
available for domestic consumption of Pakistan. The per
capita availability of rice in Pakistan is 20.78 kg.

Market Segments
According to buying power of the rice consumers, the
market for rice can be broadly categorized into three
major groups. Lower income group, includes people with
income level of less than Rs 3,000 per month. The
majority of this segment is looking for purchasing cheap
rice. This segment is the major market of broken rice
and Irri rice. The price of broken rice is almost
equivalent to the wheat prices.
Middle income group, includes middle and upper income
households in the urban areas with monthly income of
Rs 5000-10,000. This segment purchases good quality
rice (polished rice as well as semi-polished rice) Upper
income group includes the upper income segment of the
society, they prefer to
buy high quality branded rice. The hotels and restaurants
also purchase polished and semi polished rice for their
different dishes.

The raw material of the husking unit is paddy, obtained
from rice harvesting. The paddy can be purchased from
the local grain market (Mandi) as well as directly from
the farmers on cash basis. The paddy-harvesting season
starts in mid of September and ends in December.

Rice Husking
Rice husking unit will use the paddy as raw material.
Husking is the process of separating the rice from the husk.
Rubber roll and hullers are used to shatter the paddy to
produce rice. Different processes are used for separation
of head rice, broken rice, rice powder, dust & bran.

Polishing Unit
Rice polishing unit will use the brown rice for cleaning and
polishing. Various types of cleaners/polishers are used to
give shining and silkiness to the rice. The husking of paddy
produces different products, including 53% head rice, 10%
broken rice, 2.5% powder rice, 33.50% husk and 1.00%
waste &dust particles. The rice-polishing unit processes
the head rice (brown rice) to make different value added
rice products like silky and non-silky rice.
The operations of a polishing unit are spread over a period
of eight months. In the current industrial practice, both the
husking and polishing units are not operated at one time
due to certain reasons. After the husking operation, the
brown rice requires a time of six to ten weeks for the drying
and conditioning. So, the brown rice is stored for a period of
at least two months before taking it to the polishing
process. For the purpose of this report major portion of
head rice (brown rice) will be supplied from in-house
husking unit while rest will be purchased from the local
market. The processed rice (both brown rice and
polished rice) will be stored during the first few months
of harvesting season, as the prices are generally lower
due to oversupply of rice in the market.


Details of Husking Machines

Majority of the machinery required for husking and
polishing unit is manufactured locally apart from few items
like SM and NF machine, which are used for refining the
rice. Machinery can also be imported from China at cheaper
rates compared to those from Japan or Korea. The major
machinery components of the rice husking mill are
manufactured in the local market of Daska, Jallalpur
Bhattian, Gujranwala and Lahore. Amongst the foreign
suppliers, China is considered to be more competitive than
other countries. It’s better to purchase S.M.18 and NF 14
machines from China and other from local market. The local
market manufacturers are supplying the China made S.M. 18
and NF 14 along with other machinery components.

Total Cost of the Husking Plant Rs.2,74,000

Details of Rice Pro cessing (Polishing) Machines

Major machinery required for rice polishing is also
manufactured 2ocally. It is being manufactured at towns
of Daska, Jalalpur Bhatian, Gujranwala and Lahore.
Modern machinery can also be imported from China,
Japan, Germany and Korea. It is recommended for the
proposed project to use NF-14, S.M. 18 and Paddy separator
from China and other machinery components from local
Total Cost of Polishing Machine Rs.5,639,000

Fur niture & Fixture s

Total cost Rs.200,000

Office Equipment

Total cost Rs.375,000


Land Cost Area (sq ft) Kanal

Required Land 4,000(4 Acre) 32
Rate per kanal 87,500
Total cost 6,000,000

Total Pro ject Cost

The Estimated project cost is,
Project Summary Total Cost
Land 6,000,000

Building 21,359,272

Plant and Machinery 9,859,950

Furniture an Fixture 200,000

Office Equipment 375,000

Vehicles 2,039,000

Pre operating Expenses 770,000

Contingencies 106,890

Initial working Capital 29,086,402

Total Project Costs 69,796,514

Project Economics
Bank 40% 27,918,606

Equity 60% 41,877,908

Total Financing 100% 69,796,514


“We dedicate this report to our

beloved parents, teachers and
Pr ojec t C os t:
The total estimated project cost is 69.7 million rupees.

Objectives of Project.
5- We will strive to provide our customers with the largest

selection of rice varieties

6- To p r ovi de th e ri c e at af fo r d a b l e p ri c e to th e

c us t ome r s .

7- To s atis f y th e c u s tome r i s o u r p ri o ri ty.

8- De a l wi th h on e s ty a n d fa i r n e ss .

O u r Ta r g e t M a r ke t .
O u r ta r ge t ma r ke t i s to c ove r th e a r e a of e as te r n Pu n j a b ,
especially in the area of

Sources of funds
4 0 % of to ta l c a p i ta l we ta ke as a l on g te r m l oa n f r om

fi n a n c i a l i n s ti tu ti o ns a n d 6 0 % fr om own s ou r c e s .

Location of Project.
Yous a f Wa l a

5 km L a h or e r oa d

Sa h i wa l .

Or ganiza tiona l Hi er ar chy

Mr. Zahid Hussain

Finance Manager G.M

Mr. Abid Nadeem Ghori Mr. Muhammad Yar

Sales Manager
Mr. Nadeem Iqbal

Marketing Manager
Mr. Ahmad

HR Manager
Ms.Taiba Aslam

Bi bliog r aphy

01 - Mr . Anw ar Ali ( owner of Jitala R ice mill s)

Mian C hannu

2- Punja b Rice Mill B haw alna ga r

3- www .unesc o.or g