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The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor

The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor

Byzantine and Near Eastern History

AD 284-813

Translated with Introduction and Commentary by

CYRI L

MANG O

and ROGE R

SCOT T

with the assistance of Geoffrey Greatrex

CLARENDO N

PRES S

1997

OXFOR D

Oxford

University Press, Great Clarendon Street,

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Cataloging in

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Data

The chronicle of Theophanes

Confessor

:

Byzantine and Near Eastern

history,

A.D.

284-813

/

translated with introduction

and commentary

by Cyril Mango and Roger Scott with the assistance of Geoffrey Greatrex

Includes

bibliographical

references

and

index.

 

1.

Byzantm e Empire—History—Is a urian dyn a sty. 717-811.

I.

Mango, Cyril A.

II.

Scott, Roger.

III.

Greatrex, Geoffrey.

 

IV.

Title

DF581.T4813

1997

949.5' 02—dcio

96-18714

ISBN

0-19-822568-7

 

13S7 9

1 0

8642

Typeset by Hope

Services

(Abingdon)

Ltd.

 

Printed in

Great Britain on

acid-free paper by

Bookcraft

(Bath)

LtdMidsomer

Norton

Preface

The Chronicle that goes under the name of Theophanes Confessor (d. 818) is a major source for the history not only of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire, but also for that of the Near East after the Arab conquest. That is not to say that its value is uniform for the entire period it covers, namely from AD 284/5 to 813. Roughly its first half in terms of pages of text, from AD 284/5 t° 602, is based on sources that are, by and large, available to us in one form or another, although occasionally Theophanes does yield items of information that cannot be found elsewhere. From AD 602 to 813, however, Theophanes is for us a primary source in the sense that the writings he utilized have been almost entirely lost. The purpose of our work was to provide a faithful translation of Theophanes as edited by C. de Boor (1883) with such annotation as would facilitate its use by historians. To that end we have added a double apparatus, namely: (i) An apparatus fontium indicating, whenever possible, the source used by Theophanes or, if such a source has not survived, parallel passages in other texts that are independent of Theophanes (i.e. are not derived from him); (ii) A set of brief explanatory notes. It goes without saying that, given enough time and space, the latter could have been expanded tenfold, but it was not our aim to provide an exhaustive commentary, which would have been almost tantamount to writing a history of the Byzantine Empire to AD 813. We can only hope that, armed with our text, the historian will not only know what Theophanes says, but will also be in a position to evaluate the worth of his statements. Our work has been more than fifteen years in the making, partly because of other commitments borne by the two authors, partly because of the difficulty of conducting a collaboration across two oceans. For this delay we have paid the penalty of having been anti- cipated by two partial translations into English, the first by H. Turtledove, with elementary annotation, covering the period 602-813, 1 the second by A. R. Santoro, without any notes, confined to 717-803. 2 Both are highly inaccurate. The past fifteen years have also seen a steady flow of publications devoted to various aspects of the Chronicle or to particular periods for which it is an important source. We should name in the first

  • 1 The Chronicle of Theophanes (Philadelphia,

1982).

  • 2 Theophanes,

Chionogiaphia (Gorham, Me.,

1982).

V

Preface

place the exhaustive commentary on the years 715-813 by Ilse Rochow, omitting, however, all items of purely Near Eastern inter- est. 3 Two works by I. S. Cicurov also deserve mention. The first, entitled Byzantine Historical Writings, 4 consists of selected passages of Theophanes and the Breviarium of the Patriarch Nikephoros accompanied by a Russian translation and explanatory notes. The second, The Place of the Chronographia of Theophanes in the Early Byzantine Historiographic Tradition, 5 attempts to analyse the Chronicle as a work of literature with special reference to the author's 'self-awareness', his attitude to prevailing conven- tions of historical writing, and the ideal image of the emperor. We cannot enter here into a discussion of the views expressed by the Russian scholar, although we may be permitted to say that the approach he has chosen appears to us inappropriate to a work that is avowedly compilatory and non-literary. A stream of publications by Professor Paul Speck of Berlin, concerned directly or indirectly with Theophanes and by now amounting to several thousand pages, has put us in a more difficult position. Professor Speck offers many inci- sive observations, but these are intermingled with so much hypo- thetical speculation that we decided, after some hesitation, to make only occasional reference to his works. We have also omitted for rea- sons of space much other bibliography which did not appear to us to make any original contribution.

The division of our labour has been as follows: R.S. undertook to translate and annotate roughly the first half of the Chronicle (AM 5777-6094), while C.M. is responsible for AM 6095-6305 and for Theophanes' 'Preface'. The Introduction is by C.M. except for the chronology of the Persian kings (IH.a.i), the discussion of sources relevant to the first half of the text (IV. 2-9 and part of 14) and the section entitled 'Treatment of Sources'. The List of Abbreviations, Glossary and Index have been compiled by Dr Geoffrey Greatrex, to whom we are also greatly indebted for editing our manuscript for the press. C.M. would also like to thank Dr J. D. Howard-Johnston for advice on the events of the reign of the emperor Herakleios, Drs R. Hoyland and L. I. Conrad on matters relating to the Arabs, and, as always, his wife. R.S. would like to thank Oliver Nicholson in particular and also Anthony Bryer, Brian Croke, Simon Franklin, Martine Henry,

  • 3 Byzanz im 8. Jahihundett in dei Sicht des Theophanes (Berlin,

1991).

  • 4 Vizantijskie istoiiceskie socinenija (Moscow, 1980).

  • 5 Mesto 'Chronografii' Feofana v lannevizantijskoj istoriograficeskoj tradicii in

the series DievnejSie gosudazstva na tenitorii SSSR for 1981

(pub. Moscow,

1983].

vi

Preface

Elizabeth Jeffreys, Margaret Mullett, and Michael Whitby. He is also very grateful for facilities made available to him as an honorary Research Fellow at the Centre for Byzantine Studies at the University of Birmingham and as a Fellow of Dumbarton Oaks, Washington.

vii

F

Contents

Conventions Adopted

xi

Abbreviations

xiii

Introduction

xliii

Preface to Chronographia

i

Genealogy

3

Chronographia

5

Glossary

689

General Index

695

Index of Greek Words

744

Conventions Adopted in the Present Publication

  • 1. Text

Words that have been added to the English translation for the sake

of clarity are placed in square brackets

([. .

.]).

Words supplied by de Boor, mostly from the Latin translation by

Anastasius, are in angle brackets

((. .

.)).

Words or passages rejected by de Boor are marked r

. .

.'.

Lacunae in the text are marked by an asterisk (*). De Boor's pagination is indicated in the margin. Passages that we consider to have been derived from Theophanes' Oriental source (on which see Introduction, IV.13) are printed in Avenir roman.

2. Chronological

Rubrics

On the form of the rubrics, as they are given in the manuscripts and in de Boor's edition, see Introduction, III.

i. Full Rubrics:

We have used the abbreviation AM instead of 'Year of the World' and added in square brackets the corresponding AD date. Both are given in bold type. It should be understood that the AD date is the one the- oretically equivalent to the AM according to the system of compu- tation used by Theophanes and need not be the correct date for the events described.

ii. Abbreviated Rubrics:

We have inserted: (a) The AM and AD dates in square brackets; (£>] The name of the ruler and bishop before the numeral, thus: 'Diocletian, 2nd year'. Strictly speaking, the name ought to have been also placed in square brackets, but that would have created such a plethora of brackets that we have taken the liberty of omitting them. Whenever a new ruler or bishop is appointed, he is introduced in the manuscripts by the following formula (taking AM 5786 as an example):

Marcellinus, bishop of Rome, 2 years Peter the Martyr, bishop of Alexandria, 11 years,

followed by the usual string of numerals, namely 10 (10th year of Diocletian), 6 (6th year of Ouarraches), 1 (1st year of Marcellinus), 22

xi

Conventions Adopted in

the Present Publication

!

(2,2nd year of Hymenaios), 1 (1st year of Peter the Martyr), 11 (nth year of Tyrannos). For the sake of greater clarity we have combined the name and length of tenure of the new incumbent with the ordinal number of the year that is applicable to him, instead of disjoining them as the manuscripts do.

3. Proper Names, Titles, and Technical Terms

Without aiming at complete consistency, which would have been impossible to achieve without introducing a great many bizarre forms, we have adopted for proper names the following guidelines:

Whenever a familiar English equivalent exists, that has been used (e.g. Diocletian, George, John, Justinian, Marcian, etc.). Less familiar Greek as well as foreign names have been transliter- ated (/? = b, K = k, v = y, ai = ai, EI = ei, 01 = oi, ov = ou). In the case of foreign names their 'correct' or accepted form is given in the Index. Less familiar names of Latin derivation are given in Latin spelling (thus Germanus rather than Germanos).

The same principles have been applied to titles and technical terms. Except such as are commonly used in an Anglicized form (e.g. notary, patrician, tribune), those of Latin origin are given in Latin spelling (e.g. a secretis, but protoasekretis, this being a bastard Greek formation; candidatus, nobilissimus, etc.), while those of Greek origin are transliterated. In a few cases Theophanes uses two different forms to designate the same person, e.g. Sarbarazas and Sarbaros = Sahrvaraz. We have retained both so as not to disguise the author's inconsistency. The Greek ephitet 'the great' applied to a person may mean just that, or it may mean 'the elder' or 'the first'. For emperors we have translated it as 'the elder' apart from Constantine I and on two occa- sions for Theodosios I (AM 5998, 6232). For others we have translated it as 'the Great'.

4. Annotation

This takes a double form:

Notes designated by an arabic numeral are explanatory. Those designated by a lower case letter constitute the apparatus fontium. Whenever it has been possible to delimit a passage that has either been borrowed from a known source or exists in a comparable form in another text, the passage in question has been placed between vertical lines (II) and followed by the reference a , b , c , etc. The indica- tion 'Cf.' refers to parallel passages. Derivative parallels of later date have not been quoted unless they have some independent value.

xii

Abbreviations

i.

Periodicals,

reference books,

short abbreviations

 

AASS

Acta Sanctorum

 

ABAW

Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften

ABSA

-

Annual

of

the

British

School

at

Athens

ACO

Acta

Conciliorum Oecumenicorum,

ed. E. Schwartz and J. Straub (Berlin,

1914-83)

AG

Anno Graecorum (i.e. of the Seleucid era, from 1 Oct. 312 BC)

AH

Anno Hegirae (i.e. of the Islamic era)

AIPHOS

Annuaire de l'lnstitut de Philologie et d'Histoire Orientales et Slaves

AJAH

American

Journal

of Ancient History

 

AnatSt

Anatolian Studies

 

AnBoll

Analecta Bollandiana

BAR

British Archaeological Reports

BCH

Bulletin de Correspondance Helle- nique

BHG

Bibliotheca Hagiographica

Graeca,

3rd edn., ed. F. Halkin, Subsidia

Hagiographica, 8a (Brussels, 1957)

 

BIRC

Bulletin de l'lnstitut russe de Constantinople (= IRAIK)

 

BMGS

Byzantine and Modern

Greek Studies

BNJ

Byzan tinisch-n eugriechische

 

BS1

Jahrbiicher Byzantinoslavica

 

BSOAS

Bulletin of the School of Oriental and

Byz

African Studies Byzantion

ByzF

Byzantinische Forschungen

BZ

Byzantinische Zeitschrift

dB

C. de Boor

 

CC

Corpus Christianorum

 

CFHB

Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae

xiii

Abbreviations

CHEIA

The Cambridge History of Early Inner

CMH

Asia, ed. D. Sinor (Cambridge, 1990) The Cambridge Medieval History

CQ

Classical Quarterly

CR

Classical Review

CSCO

Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum

CSEL

Orientalium Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum

CSHB

Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzan- tinae

DChAE

A

e\TL ov

rrjs

XpiariaviKrjs

ApxaioA-

DHGE

oyiKrjs Eratpetas Dictionnaire d'histoire et de geogra-

DOP

phie ecclesiastiques Dumbarton Oaks Papers

DO Seals

Catalogue of the Byzantine Seals at

Dumbarton Oaks and in the Fogg Museum of Art, ed. J. Nesbitt and N. Oikonomides (Washington, D C, 19 91 - )

DSp

Dictionnaire de spiritualite ascetique

DTC

et mystique Dictionnaire de theologie catholique

EEBZ

'ETreTTjpls

trjs

EVcupetay

Bv^avrivcbv

2TTOV8O)V

 

EHR

English Historical Review

EI 1

Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. M. T.

EI*

Houtsma et al, 4 vols. (Leiden and London, 1913-34) Encyclopaedia of Islam, new edn., ed. H. A. R. Gibb et al. (Leiden and London, i960- )

EO

Echos d'Orient

 

FCH

R.C. Blockley, The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire, 2 vols. (Liverpool,

1981-3)

FHG

Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum,

vol. iv, ed. C. Miiller (Paris, 1851), vol. v, ed. C. Miiller (Paris, 1870)

GRBS

Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies

HSCP

Harvard Studies in Classical Philology

xiv

Abbreviations

HTR

Harvard Theological Review

HUS

Harvard Ukrainian Studies

IEJ

Israel Exploration Journal

ind.

Indiction

IRAIK

Izvestija

Russkogo

Archeologice-

skogo Instituta v Konstantinopole

J A

Journal

Asiatique

JAC

Jahrbuch fiir Antike und Christen- tum

JDAI

Jahrbuch des

deutschen

archaologis-

JHS

chen Instituts Journal of Hellenic Studies

JOB

Jahrbuch der osterreichischen Byzan-

JOBG

tinistik Jahrbuch der osterreichischen Byzan-

JQR

tinischen Gesellschaft Jewish Quarterly Review

JRGS

Journal of the Royal Geographical

JRS

Society Journal of Roman Studies

JSav

Journal des Savants

JTS

Journal of Theological Studies

KE<PU

X) €v KajvaTavTivovTToXei 'EXXrjviKOS

<Pi\o\oyu<ds

UvAAoyos

LSJ

H. G. Liddell and R.

Scott,

rev. H. S.

MBM

Jones and R. McKenzie, A Greek-English Lexicon (Oxford, 1968) Miscellanea Byzantina Monacensia

MGH AA

Monumenta Germaniae Auctores Antiquissimi

Historica,

Historica,

MGH SS

Monumenta Germaniae

OCP

Scriptores Orientalia Christiana Periodica

ed.

ODB

Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium,

A. Kazhdan (Oxford, 1991)

OrChr

Oriens Christianus

PG

Patrologia Graeca

PL

Patrologia Latina

PLRE

Prosopography of the Later Roman

Empire, edj. Martindale et al. 3 vols. (Cambridge, 1971-92)

PO

Patrologia Orientalis

PS

Patrologia Syriaca

xv

Abbreviations

RAC

Reallexikon fur Antike und Christen-

Revue des Etudes Anciennes

RE

tum (Stuttgart, 1950- | Paulys Realencyclopadie der classis-

REA

chen Altertumswissenschaft (Stutt- gart, 1894-)

REAim

Revue des Etudes Armeniennes

REB

Revue des Etudes Byzantines

REG

Revue des Etudes Grecques

RendLincei

Rendiconti delTAccademia Nazionale

RevNum

dei Lincei Revue Numismatique

RhM

Rheinisches Museum fur Philologie

RIDA

Revue internationale des droits de

ROC

l'antiquite Revue de l'Orient Chretien

RSBN

Rivista di Studi Bizantini e Neoel-

SRM

lenici Scriptores Rerum Merowingicarum

StT

Studi e Testi

Subs. hag.

Subsidia Hagiographica

TAPA

Transactions and Proceedings of the

TIB

American Philological Association Tabula Imperii Byzantini

TM

Travaux et Memoires, Centre de

TTH

Recherche d'Histoire et de Civilisa- tion byzantines Translated Texts for Historians

TU

Texte und Untersuchungen zur

VizViem

Geschichte der altchristlichen Litera- tur (Leipzig and Berlin, 1882- ) Vizantijski7 Vremennik

Y C S

Yale Classical Studies

ZDMG

Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgen-

ZPE

landischen Gesellschaft Zeitschrift fur Papyrologie und Epigraphik

ZRVI

Zbornik

radova

Vizantoloskog

Instituta

2. Ancient Works Acta Anastasii Persae

Saint Anastase le Perse, vol. i, Flusin (Paris, 1994)

ed.

B.

xvi

Abbreviations

Actes de Lavra

Agapios

Agath.

Agnellus

Alex. Mon.

Ambrose, De ob. Val.

Amm. Marc.

Anast.

Anast. Sin. Sermo III

Actes de Lavra, edd. P. Lemerle, et al., 4 vols (Paris, 1970-82) Agapios, Kitab al-'Unvan, ed. and tr. A. A. Vasiliev, PO 8 (1912) Agathias, Historiae, ed. R. Keydell, CFHB (Berlin, 1967) Agnellus, Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH Scr. rer. Lang. 263-391 Alexander Monachus, De venerandae crucis inventione, PG 87/3: 4015 ff. Ambrose, De obitu Valentiniani Iunioris in Sancti Ambrosii Opera, vol. vii, ed. O. Faller (Vienna, 1955), CSEL 73, 32.7-67 Ammianus Marcellinus, Rerum ges- tarum libri quae supersunt, ed. and tr. J. C. Rolfe (London, 1935-9) Anastasius Bibliothecarius, Chrono- graphia Tripartita, ed. C. de Boor in Theophanes, vol. ii Anastasius Sinaita, Sermones duo in constitutionem hominis secundum imaginem dei, ed. K. H. Uthemann,

  • CC ser. gr. 12 (Turnhout and Lou vain,

Ann. Rav.

Anna Comnena

Anon. Cusp.

Anon. Periplus

Anon. Val.

1985 )

Annals of Ravenna, ed. W. Koehler in Medieval Studies in memory of A. Kingsley Porter, vol. 1 (Cambridge, Mass., 1939), 125-38, and in Studi Romagnoli, 3 (1952), 1-17 Anna Comnena, Alexiad, ed. and tr. B. Leib, 3 vols. (Paris, 1937-45) See Past. Vind. Prior. Anon. Periplus Ponti Euxini, ed. C.

Miiller, Geographi graeci minores, i (Paris, 1855), 402-3 3 plus (middle part) PHG v. 174-87; ed. Baschmakoff, Synthese; ed. A. Diller, The Tradition of the Minor Greek Geographers

(Lancaster, Pa., 1952), 118-38 Excerpta Valesiana, ed. J. Moreau and V. Velkov (Leipzig, 1968); tr. J. C.

xvii

Abbreviations

!

 

Rolfe

in

vol.

iii

of Ammianus

Marcellinus (above)

Anth. Gr.

Anthologia Graeca, ed. H. Beckby

(Munich,

1957-8);

books

i-xv =

Anthologia Palatina; book xvi = Anthologia (or Appendix) Planudea

Auct. Prosp.

Auctarium Prosperi Hauniensis,

ed.

Th. Mommsen, Chronica Minora,

Aur. Vict Caes.

MGH A A ix (Berlin, 1892) Aurelius Victor, Liber de Caesaribus,

ed. F. Pichlmayr (Leipzig,

1911); tr.

H.

W. Bird,

The Liber de Caesaribus

of Sextus Aurelius Victor, TTH

(Liverpool, 1994)

 

Aur. Vict. Epit. Caes.

Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesar- ibus, ed. F. Pichlmayr (Leipzig, 1911)

Baladhuri, Brooks

Cer.

See Brooks, 'Abbasids', below Constantine Porphyrogenitus, De cer-

1935-40)

imoniis aulae byzantinae, ed. J. J. Reiske, CSHB (Bonn, 1829); partial French tr., 2 vols., A. Vogt (Paris,

Chr. 724

Chronicon miscellaneum ad AD J24

pertinens (CSCO Scr. Syr.

3rd

ser.

4/2), tr. J. B. Chabot (Paris, 1904); par-

tial tr. in Palmer, The Seventh Century in the West-Syrian Chronicles (Liverpool, 1993), 14-23

Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 4), tr. E. W. Brooks

Chr.

811

'La Chronique byzantine de l'an 811',

Chr.

813

ed. I. Dujcev, TM 1 (1965), 205-54; repr. in I. Dujcev, Medioeveo bizan- tino-slavo, ii (Rome, 1968), 425-89 Fragmenta chronici anonymi auc-

 

toris ad AD 8rj pertinentia (CSCO

(Louvain, 1905). Also with English tr.

by Brooks, ZDMG 54 (1900), 195-230

Chr. 819

Chronicon anonymum ad AD 819, ed.

J. B. Chabot along with Chr. vol. i

1234,

Chr. 846

Chronicon

ad

AD

846 pertinens

(CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 4/2), tr. J. B.

Chabot (Louvain, 1904)

xviii

Chr.

1234

Chi. Alt.

Chr. Edess.

Chr. Maron.

Chr. Seert

Chron. Min.

Chron. Pasch.

CJ

cod. Paris, gr.1710

Codex Angelicas

Coll. Avell.

Cons. Const.

Abbreviations

Chronicon anonymum ad AD 1234 pertinens, vol. i (CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 14), tr. J. B. Chabot (Louvain,

1937); vol. ii, tr. A. Abouna, ibid., vol. 154 (Louvain, 1974) Chronicon Altinate et Gradense, ed.

R.

Cessi, Fontiperla storia d'ltalia, 73

(Rome, 1933) Chronicon Edessenum, tr. I. Guidi

(CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 4/11 (Paris, 1903); also in Untersuchungen iiber die Edessenische Chronik, ed. and tr.

L.

Hallier (Leipzig, 1892)

 

Chronicon Maroniticum (CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 4), ed. E. W. Brooks, tr. J.-B. Chabot (Louvain, 1904) Chronicle of Seert ( = Histoire nestori- enne inedite), ed. A. Scher, tr. l'abbe Pierre, PO 4 (1908), 5 (1910), 7 (1911), and 13(1919)

Chronica Minora, ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH A A ix, xi, and xiii (Berlin,

1892-8)

 

Chronicon Paschale, ed. L. Dindorf, CSHB (Bonn, 1832); tr. M. and

M.

Whitby, Chronicon Paschale AD

284-632, TTH (Liverpool, 1989) Codex Justinianus, ed. P. Krueger (nth edn., Berlin, 1954) Codex Parisinus Graecus 1710, in C. de Boor, Theophanis Chronographia, vol. ii (Leipzig, 1905), 370-1 'Die Vita Constantini des Codex Angelicus 22', ed. H.-G. Opitz, Byz 9

(i934), 535-93

 

Collectio Avellana: epistulae impera- torum, pontificum, aliorum, AD

367-5 53 /

e(

i- O. Guenther,

CSEL 35

(Vienna, 1895-8)

Consularia Constantinopolitana, ed.

R.

W. Burgess in The Chronicle of

Hydatius and the Consularia

Constantinopolitana (Oxford, 1993), xix

1

Abbreviations

215-45;

also

Th.

Mommsen,

MGH

A A ix (Berlin, 1892)

Const. Porph. De Them.

A.

Pertusi, Constantino Porfirogenito

De Thematibus, StT 160 (Vatican City, 1952)

Coripp. Ioh.

Corippus,

Iohannidos

seu

de

bellis

Libycis Libii VIII, ed. J. Diggle and F.

R.

D.

Goodyear (Cambridge,

1970);

also

ed.

J.

Partsch,

MGH

AA

iii

Coripp. lust.

(Berlin, 1897) Corippus, In Laudem Iustini Augusti

1967)

Cramer, Eccl. Hist.

minoris Libri IV, ed. tr. and comm. A. Cameron (London, 1976); also ed. J. Partsch, MGHAA iii (Berlin, 1897) 'ErnXoyr) a?TO rrjs €KKA7]oiaoTtKrjs

laropias, ed. J. A. Cramer, Anecdota Graeca e codd. manuscriptis Bibliothecae Regiae Parisiensis, vol. ii (Oxford, 1839, repr. Hildesheim,

CTh

Codex Theodosianus, ed. Th. Mommsen, 3rd edn. (Berlin, 1962); tr.

C.

Pharr, The Theodosian Code and

Cyr. Scyth.

Novels and the Siimondian Constitutions (Princeton, 1952) Cyril of Scythopolis, ed. E. Schwartz, Kyrillos von Skythopolis, Texte und

Untersuchungen, 49/2 (Leipzig, 1939); tr. and comm. A. J. Festugiere, Les Moines d'Orient: Les Moines de Palestine, iii/1—3 (Paris, 1962-3); tr.

R.

M.

Price,

Lives

of the Monks of

Cyr. Scyth. V. Euth. Cyr. Scyth. V. Sab. DAI

Palestine (Kalamazoo, Mich., 1991) Cyril of Scythopolis, Vita Euthymii Cyril of Scythopolis, Vita Sabae Constantine VII, De Administrando

Imperio, ed. and tr. G. Moravcsik and

R.

J. H. Jenkins, CFHB 1, 2nd edn.

Damascius, V. Isid.

De insid.

(Washington, DC, 1967) Damascius, Vita Isidoii, ed. C.

Zintzen (Hildesheim, 1967)

Excerpta historica iussu imperatoris Constantini Poiphyrogeniti confecta

xx

Abbreviations

IV, de insidiis, ed. C. de Boor (Berlin,

Doctr. Jacobi

Elias Nis.

Epit. Caes.

Euseb. Chron.

Euseb. HE

Euseb. Speech

Euseb. VC

Eustath.

Eutrop. Brev.

Evagr.

Exc. Barb.

Exc. Barocc.

Exc.

de ins.

1905)

Doctrina Iacobi nuper baptizati, ed.

  • V. Deroche, TM 11 (1991), 47-22,9

Eliae Metropolitae Nisibeni Opus

Chronologicum, pars prior (CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 7), ed. and tr. E. W. Brooks (Rome, Paris, Leipzig, 1910) (as above, Aur. Vict.) Eusebios-Jerome, Chronicon, ed. R. Helm, 3rd edn. (Leipzig, 1984) Eusebios, Historia Ecclesiastica, ed.

  • E. Schwartz, 3 vols. (Leipzig, 1903-9);

tr. H. J. Lawlor and J. R. L. Oulton, 2

vols. (London, 1927-8) and G. A. Williamson, Eusebius: The History of the Church (Harmondsworth, 1965) Eusebios, Tricennial Oration, ed. I. A. Heikel (Leipzig, 1902); tr. H. A. Drake, In Praise of Constantine (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1976)

Eusebios, Vita Constantini, ed. F. Winkelmann (Berlin, 1975); tr. E. C. Richardson in The Writings of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, i (Oxford, 1890), 581-610 Eustathios of Epiphaneia, fragments, ed. C. Miiller, FHG iv. 138-42

Eutropios, Breviarium ab urbe con- dita, ed. F. Ruehl (Stuttgart, 1975); tr.

  • H. W. Bird, Eutropius: Breviarium,

TTH (Liverpool, 1993) Evagrius, Ecclesiastical History, ed. J. Bidez and L. Parmentier (London, 1898); tr. M. Whitby (Princeton, forth- coming)

Excerpta latina Barbari, ed. C. Frick,

Chronica

Minora,

183-37 1

i

(Leipzig,

1892),

Excerpta Barocciana, excerpts from Codex Baroccianus 142, folios 212r-216r, Bodleian Library, Oxford See under De insid.

xxi

Abbreviations

Exc.

deleg.

Excerpta historica iussu imperatoris

1892)

Exc. Val. Fast. Vind. Post.

Constantini Porphyrogeniti confecta I, de legationibus, ed. C. de Boor (Berlin, 1903) See under Anon. Val. Fasti Vindobonenses Posteriores, ed.

Th. Mommsen, MGH AA ix (Berlin,

Fast. Vind. Prior.

Fasti Vindobonenses Priores, ed. Th.

Felix, Ep. 3

Mommsen, MGH A A ix (Berlin, 1892) Felix, Epistulae et Decreta, PL 58:

889-978

Festus, Brev.

The Breviarium of Festus, ed. J. W.

Flusin, Anastase

Eadie (London, 1967) B. Flusin, Saint Anastase le Perse, vol.

Gallic Chron.

ii (Paris, 1992) Chron. Gall. a. CCCCLII, ed. Th.

Gel. Caes.

Mommsen, MGH AA ix (Berlin, 1892) Gelasios of Caesarea, cited [a] from

Geo. Mon.

Theod. Lect. (ed. Hansen), 158-9, and (b) from F. Winkelmann, 'Charakter und Bedeutung der Kirchengeschichte des Gelasios von Kaisareia', ByzF 1 (1966), 346-85 Georgius Monachus, Chronicon, ed.

Geo. Mon. cont.

C. deBoor (Leipzig, 1904), 2nd edn., P. Wirth (Stuttgart, 1978) Georgius Monachus, Vitae recentio-

Geo. Pisid. Bell. avar.

rum imperatorum, in Theophanes Continuatus, ed. I. Bekker, CSHB (Bonn, 1838) George of Pisidia, Bellum Avaricum, in Giorgio di Pisidia, poemi I:

Geo. Pisid. Exp. Pers.

Geo. Pisid. Her.

Geo. Pisid. In rest. S. Crucis

Gerontius, V. Mel.

Panegirici epici, ed., tr., and comm. A. Pertusi (Ettal, 1959) George of Pisidia, Expeditio Persica, in A. Pertusi (as above) George of Pisidia, Heraclias, in A. Pertusi (as above) George of Pisidia, In Restitutionem S. Crucis, in A. Pertusi (as above) Gerontius, Vita Sanctae Melaniae Iunioris, AnBoll 8 (1889), 16-63

xxii

Goar, Euchologion

Greg. Naz. Or.

Greg. Tur. HF

Guidi, Bios

Hyd. Lem.

[Hypoth. Arian]

Jac. Edess.

Jerome, Chron.

Jerome, De Viris

Joh. Ant.

Abbreviations

J. Goar, Euchologion sive Rituale Graecorum (Paris, 1647) Gregory of Nazianzus, Orationes, in Gregoire de Nazianze: Discours, ed. and tr. J. Mossay et al., 6 vols. (Paris,

1978-85)

Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, ed. B. Krusch and W. Levison, MGH SRM i (Hanover, 19 51) ; tr. L. Thorpe, Gregory of Tours: The History of the Franks (Harmonds- worth, 1974) Un Bios di Costantino ( =BHG 364), ed. M. Guidi, RendLincei, 5th ser. 16 (1907), 306-40, 637-55 (Rome, 1908) Hydatius Lemicensis, Chronicon, ed. and tr. R. W. Burgess in The Chronicle of Hydatius and the Consularia Constantinopolitana (Oxford, 1993); also ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH AA xi (Berlin, 1894); cited by year Hypothetical Arian history. See Introduction, p. lxxxf. 'The Chronological Canon of James of Edessa', tr. E. W. Brooks, ZDMG 53 (1899), 261-327,- also in Chronicon Iacobi Edesseni (CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 4/3), tr. E. W. Brooks (Paris, 1903) Die Chronik des Hieronymus, 3rd edn. ed. R. W. O. Helm (Berlin, 1984)

Hieronymus, Liber De viris inlus-

tribus, ed. E. C. Richardson (Leipzig,

1896)

John

of

Antioch,

fragments,

in

Excerpta de insidiis,

ed.

C.

de Boor

(Berlin, 1905); also ed. C. Miiller, FHG

Joh. Bid.

iv. 535-622, v. 27-38 John of Biclar, Chronicle, ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH AA xi (Berlin,

1894); tr. K. B. Wolf, Conquerors and

Joh. Eph. HE

Chroniclers of Early Medieval

Spain,

TTH (Liverpool, 1990) John of Ephesos, Ecclesiastical

xxiii

Abbreviations

History, Part III,

ed.

and

tr.

E.

W.

Brooks [CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 3)

(Louvain,

1952);

also

tr.

R.

Payne

Smith, The Third Part of the

 

Ecclesiastical History

of

John

of

Joh. Lyd. De Mag.

Ephesus (Oxford, i860) John Lydus, De Magistratibus Populi

Romani, ed. R. Wuensch (Leipzig,

1903);

also

ed.

and tr.

A.

C. Bandy,

John Lydus, On Powers (Philadelphia,

1982)

Joh. Nik.

John of Nikiu, Chronicle of John,

John Chrys. John Dam. De Imag.

Bishop of Nikiu, tr. R. H. Charles (London, 1916) On Statues, PG 49: 15-222 John of Damascus, De Imaginibus Orationes III, ed. B. Kotter, Die Schriften des Johannes von Damas-

John Diacrinomenos Jord. Rom. Josh. Styl.

Julian, Ep.

Julian, Or.

Just. Nov.

Kedr.

KG

Khuz. Chr.

Kleinchronik

kos, III (Berlin and New York, 1975) InTheod. Lect. 152-7 Jordanes, Romana, MGH AA v/i, ed. Th. Mommsen (Berlin, 1882)

The Chronicle of Joshua the Stylite,

ed. and tr. W. Wright (Cambridge,

1882); also tr. F. Trombley and J. Watt, TTH (Liverpool, 1996) Julian, Epistulae, ed. J. Bidez et al., L'Empereur Julien, CEuvres completes

(Paris, 1932-63) Julian, Orationes, in L'Empereur Julien (as above) Justinian, Novellae in Corpus Juris

Civilis vol. iii, ed. R. Schoell and W. Kroll (6th edn., Berlin, 1954) George Kedrenos, Compendium Historiarum, ed. I. Bekker, 2 vols., CSHB (Bonn, 1838-9) Kirchengeschichte of Theodore Lector: see under Theod. Lect. 'Khuzistan Chronicle' = Chronicon anonymum (CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 2), tr. I. Guidi (Louvain, 1903)

Die byzantinischen Kleinchroniken,

xxiv

Lact. Mort. Pers.

Leo Diac.

Leo Gramm.

Lewond

Lib. Or.

Lib. Pont.

Liber

Chalipharum

Liberatus, Brev.

Mai.

Mai. frag. Tusc.

Mai. Trans.

Malch.

Mansi

Mar. Avent.

Marcell. com.

Abbreviations

ed.

P.

Schreiner,

3

vols.

(Vienna,

1975-9)

 

Lactantius, De Mortibus Persecuto- rum, ed. and tr. J. L. Creed (Oxford,

1985 )

Leonis diaconi historia, ed. C. B. Hase, CSHB (Bonn, 1828) Leonis Grammatici Chronographia, ed. I. Bekker, CSHB (Bonn, 1842) History of Lewond, tr. Z. Arzou- manian (Philadelphia, 1982) Libanius, Orationes, ed. R. Foerster, 4 vols. (Leipzig, 1903-8) Le Liber Pontificalis: Texte, introduc- tion et commentaire, 2 vols, ed. L. Duchesne, 2nd edn. (Paris, 1955-7); tr. R. Davis, The Book of Pontiffs, TTH

(Liverpool, 1989) and id., The Lives of the Eighth-Century Popes, TTH (Liverpool, 1992)

= Chr. j 24

Liberatus, Breviarium causae Nest- orianorum et Eutychianorum, ed. E. Schwartz, ACO 11/5: 98-141; also in PL 68: 969-1050 Malalas, Chronographia, ed. L. Dindorf CSHB (Bonn, 1831) John Malalas, Tusculan fragments, in PG 85: 1805-24 John Malalas, The Chronicle, tr. E. Jeffreys, M. Jeffreys, and R. Scott (Melbourne, 1986)

Malchus of Philadelphia, fragments, FCH ii ; also ed. C. Miiller in PHG iv

  • J. D. Mansi, S aero rum Conciliorum

nova et amplissima collectio (Florence, 1759-98) Marius Aventicensis, Chronicle, ed. J. Favrod, La Chronique de Marius d'Avenches (455-581) (Lausanne, 1991); also ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH AA xi (Berlin, 1894) Marcellinus comes, Chronicle, ed.

xxv

Marcell. com. addit.

Abbreviations

Th. Mommsen, MGH AA xi (Berlin, 1894); tr. B. Croke (Sydney, 199s) Marcellinus comes, Additions to the Chronicle, ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH AA xi (Berlin, 1894)

Marius Mercator

Marius Mercator, in PL 48; also ed.

 

E.

Schwartz, AC Oils

 

Mateos, Typicon

Le Typicon de la Grande Eglise, ed.

 

J.

Mateos, Orientalia Christiana

 

Periodica, 165-6, 2 vols. (Rome,

1962-3)

Maur. Strat.

Maurice, Strategikon, ed. G. T. Dennis and E. Gamillscheg, CFHB (Vienna,

1981);

also

Maurice's

Strategikon:

Handbook of Byzantine Military

Strategy, tr.

G.

T.

Dennis, (Phila-

delphia, 1988)

Meg. Chron.

Megas Chronographos: see Klein- chronik, also tr. M. and M. Whitby, Chronicon Paschale (as above),

194-200

Men. Prot.

Menander Protector, fragments, in

The History of Menander the Guards- man, ed. and tr. R. C. Blockley (Liverpool, 1985); also ed. C. Miillerin FHG iv

Mich. Syr.

Chronique

de

Michel

le

Syrien,

Patriarche Jacobite dAntioche 1166-1199, e d- and tr. J. B. Chabot, 4

Mir. Artem.

vols. (Paris, 1899-1924), quoted by vol. and p. of translation Miracula Artemii, in Varia Graeca Sacra, ed. A. Papodopoulos-Kerameus (St Petersburg, 1909), 1-75

Mir. Dem.

Miracula S. Demetrii, ed. and tr.

 

P.

Lemerle, Les plus anciens Recueils

 

des Miracles de Saint Demetrius, i: Le Texte (Paris, 1979)

Mir. S. Theclae

Vie et Miracles de Sainte Thecle, ed.

 

G.

Dagron (Brussels, 1978)

 

Movses

The

History

of

the

Caucasian

 

Albanians

by Movses Dasxuranci,

tr.

 

C.

}. F. Dowsett (London, 1961)

xxvi

Abbreviations

Nestorios, Bazaar

Nik. Chon.

Nik. Chron.

Nik. or

Mango, Nikeph.

Nik. Kali.

Nonnosus

Olymp.

Oros.

Ox. Pap.

Pan. Lat.

Parast.

Patria

Paul. Diac. Hist. Lang.

Nestorios, Bazaar of Heracleides, tr. G. Driver and L. Hodgson (Oxford,

192.5)

Niketas Choniates, Historia, ed. J. L. van Dieten, CFHB (Berlin and New York, 1975) Nikephoros, Chronographikon syn- tomon, ed. C. de Boor, Nicephori opuscula historica (Leipzig, 1880),

79-135

Nikephoros, Patriarch of Constantin-

ople, Short History, ed., tr., and comm. C. Mango, CFHB (Washing- ton, DC, 1990) Nikephoros Kallistos, Historia Ecclesiastica, PG 145-7 Nonnosus, fragments, ed. C. Miiller, FHG iv. 178-80 Olympiodorus of Thebes, fragments, FCH ii; also ed. C. Miiller, FHG iv Orosius, Historiarum adversus paganos libri VIII, ed. C. Zange- meister, CSEL (Vienna, 1882); tr. R. J. Deferarri (Washington, DC, 1964)

B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt, eds., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (London, 1898- ) XII Panegyrici Latini, ed. and tr. E. Galletier, Panegyriques latins, 3 vols. (Paris, 1949-5 5) Parastaseis Syntomoi Chronikai, ed. T. Preger, Scriptores originum Constantinopolitanarum, vol. i. (Leipzig, 1901); ed. tr., and comm. A. Cameron and J. Herrin, Constantin- ople in the Early Eighth Century: The

Parastaseis Syntomoi Chronikai (Leiden, 1984) P atria Constantinopoleos, ed. T. Preger, Scriptores Originum Constan- tinopolitanarum, vol. ii (Leipzig,

1907)

Paul the Deacon, Historia Lango- bardorum, ed. G. Waitz, MGH,

xxvii

Abbreviations

Scriptores

Rerum

Germanicarum

in

usum scholarum separatim editi-, tr.

 

W.

D. Foulke, Paul the Deacon,

History of the Langobards

(Philadelphia, 1907)

 

Paul. Silent. Ekphrasis

Paul the Silentiary, '£V(/>pacrij

TOV

vaov

rrjs

Ayias

Eo<f>ias, ed. L.

Friedlaender (Leipzig and Berlin, 1912)

P'awstos

P'awstos Buzand,

The Epic Histories

attributed

to

P'awstos

 

Buzand

(Buzandaran Patmut'iwnk'),

tr.

and

comm. N.

G. Garsoian (Cambridge,

Mass., 1989)

Petr. Patr.

Peter the Patrician, fragments, ed. C. Miiller, in FHG iv

Philip of Side

C.

de

Boor,

Neue Fragmente des

Papias, Hegesippus und Pierius, in bisher unbekannten Excerpten aus der

Kirchengeschichte des Philippus

Philost.

SidetesinTU5 (Leipzig, 1889), 165-84 Philostorgios, Historia Ecclesiastica,

Photios, Bibl.

ed. J. Bidez, rev. G. Winkelmann (Berlin, 1972); tr. E. Walford in Sozomen and Philostorgius, Bohn's Ecclesiastical Library (London, 1855) Photios, Bibliotheca, 8 vols., ed. R. Henry (Paris, 1959-77)

Pliny, HN

Pliny, Historia Naturalis, ed. and tr.

H.

Rackham

et

al.,

10

vols.

Priscian, Pan.

(Cambridge, Mass., 1938-62) Priscian, Panegyricus Imperatoiis Anastasii ed. E. Baehrens, in Poetae Latini Minores, vol. v (Leipzig, 1883); also ed. and tr. A. Chauvot, Procope de Gaza, Priscien de Cesaree, Panegyriques de l'empereur Anastase ier (Bonn, 1986)

Priscus

Priscus of Panium, fragments, FCH ii ; also ed. C. Miiller, PHG iv

Prok.

Prokopios of Caesarea,

Opera,

ed.

  • J. Haury,

rev.

G. Wirth (Leipzig,

1962-4); ed. and tr. H. B. Dewing, 7

vols. (Cambridge, Mass., 1914-40)

xxviii

Prok. Aed.

Prok. Anecd.

Prok. BG Prok. BP Prok. BV Prok. Gaz. Pan.

Proklos, Or. Prosp. Cont. Havn.

Prosp. Tiro

Ps.-Dion. Chron.

Ps.-Dorotheos

Ps.-Pollux

Ruf. HE

Scr. inc.

Sebeos

Simpl.

Skout.

Skylax, Periplus

Abbreviations

Prokopios, De Aedificiis Prokopios, Anecdota sive Historia Arcana Prokopios, De bello Gothico Prokopios, De bello Persico Prokopios, De bello Vandalico Prokopios of Gaza, Panegyricus in imperatorem Anastasium, ed. C. Kempen (Bonn, 1918); ed. and tr. A. Chauvot, as above under Priscian, Pan. Proklos, Orationes, PG 65: 679-834 Auctarii Hauniensis Extrema, ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH AA ix. 337-9 Prosper Tiro, Chronicle, ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH AA ix (Berlin, 1892) Chronicon pseudo-dionysianum vulgo dictum, tr. J. B. Chabot (CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 1, vol. 121) (Louvain, 1949) and R. Hespel (CSCO Scr. Syr. 213, vol. 507) (Louvain, 1989) T. Scherman, Prophetarum vitae fab- ulosae (Leipzig, 1907) I. Hardt, ed., Julii Pollucis Historia Physica seu Chronicon (Munich and Leipzig, 1792) Rufinus, Historia Ecclesiastica, PL 21: 467-540 Scriptor incertus de Leone Bardae filio, ed. I. Bekker, CSHB along with Leo grammaticus (Bonn, 1842) Sebeos, Histoire d'Heraclius par l'eveque Sebeos, tr. F. Macler (Paris,

1904)

Simplikios, Commentaries on Aris- totle, in Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca vii-xi

Skoutariotes, ZJwoipis XpoviK-r'], ed. C. Sathas, MeaaLwviaKrj BifiAiodrjKr),

vii (Paris, 1894), 1-556 Ps.-Scylax, ed. C. Miiller, Geographi graeci minores, i, 15-96; ed. Basch- makoff, Synthese

xxix

Skylitzes

Sokr.

Souda

Soz.

Strabo

Abbreviations

fohn Skylitzes, Synopsis historiarum, ed. H. Thurn, CFHB (Berlin and New York, 1973) Sokrates, Church History, ed. R. Hussey, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1883), tr. Bohn's Ecclesiastical Library (London,

I8S3)

Suidae Lexicon, ed. A. Adler, 5 vols. (Leipzig, 1928-38) Sozomen, Kirchengeschichte, ed. J. Bidez and G. C. Hansen (Berlin, i960); tr. E. Walford, see above under Philostorgius The Geography of Strabo, ed. and tr.

  • H. L. Jones (Cambridge, Mass., 1917-33)

Strategios

Antiochus Strategios, La Prise de

Jerusalem par les Perses en 614, tr. G. Garitte (CSCO Scr. Iberici, 12) (Louvain, i960); also 'Account of the Sack of Jerusalem in A.D. 614', tr. F.

  • C. Conybeare, EHR 25 (1910), 502-17;

Arabic versions tr. G. Garitte (CSCO

Scr. Arab. 27 and 29) (Louvain, 1973-4)

Syn. CP

Syn. Vetus

Synk.

Tabari

Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantino- politanae, ed. H. Delehaye, Propy- laeum ad AASS Nov. (Brussels, 1902)

The Synodicon Vetus, ed. J. Duffy and

  • J. Parker (Washington, DC, 1979)

Synkellos, Ecloga Chronographica, ed. A. A. Mosshammer (Leipzig, 1984)

Tabari, Annales, ed. M.J. de Goeje et al., 15 vols. (Leiden, 1879-1901); tr.

  • E. Yar-Shater et al., The History of al-

Tabari: An Annotated Translation

Taban, Williams

Theod. HE

(Albany, 1985- ), quoted by vol. num- ber. See also Noldeke, Tabari, and Williams, Tabari (below) See Williams, Tabari Theodoret, Historia Ecclesiastica, ed.

  • L. Parmentier (Berlin, 1954); tr. B.

Jackson in The Writings of the Nicene

and Post-Nicene Fathers, 2nd ser. iii (Oxford, 1892)

xxx

Abbreviations

Theod. HR

Theodoret, Historia religiosa, ed. and tr. P. Canivet and A. Leroy- Molinghen, 2 vols. (Paris, 1977-9); tr.

R. M. Price, A History of the Monks of Syria by Theodoret of Cyrrhus

Theod. Lect.

(Kalamazoo, Mich., 1985) Theodoros Anagnostes, Kirchen- geschichte, ed. G. C. Hansen (Berlin,

i97i)

Theod. Stud. epp.

Theodori Studitae epistulae, ed. G.

Theophylact Simocatta, History, ed. C.

Theoph. Cont.

Fatouros, CFHB, 2 vols. (Berlin and New York, 1992) Theophanes Continuatus, ed. I.

Theoph. Sim.

Bekker, CSHB (Bonn, 1838)

Typicon

de Boor, rev. P. Wirth (Stuttgart, 1972); tr. M. and M. Whitby (Oxford, 1986) See Mateos, Typicon

  • V. Anon., Vita Athanasii, PG 25:

Athan.

clxxxv-ccxi

  • V. Vita S.

Dan. Styl.

Danielis

Stylitae,

ed.

H.

Delehaye, AnBoll 32(1913) and in Les Saints Stylites (Brussels and Paris, 1923); tr. E. Dawes and N. H. Baynes in Three Byzantine Saints (Crest- wood, NY, 1977), 7-71

  • V. Eustratios, Vita Eutychii, PG 86:

Eutych.

2273-2390

  • V. Vita Ioannis ep. Gotthiae, AASS, Iun. V, 184-94.

loann. Gotth.

loannic.

  • V. Vitae Ioannicii, AASS, Nov. II,
    332.-435-

  • V. 'La Vie de l'imperatrice Sainte Irene', ed. F. Halkin, AnBoll 106 (1988), 5-27

Irenes

  • V. Vita Matronae, AASS, Nov III

Matronae

790-813

  • V. The Life of Michael the Synkellos, ed. M. B. Cunningham (Belfast, 1991)

Niceph.

  • V. Vita Nicephori, ed. C. de Boor, Nicephori opuscula historica (Leipzig, 1880), 139-217

Mich. Sync.

Nicet. Medic.

  • V. Vita Nicetae Mediciensis, AASS, Apr. I, xxii-xxxii

xxxi

Abbreviations

Philareti

  • V. 'La Vie de S. Philarete', ed. M.-H. Four- my and M. Leroy, Byz 9 (1934), 113-67

Steph. iun.

  • V. Vita Stephani iunioris, PG

100:

1069-1186

Sym. Iun.

  • V. La Vie ancienne de Symeon Sty lite le jeune, ed. and tr. P. van den Ven 2 vols. (Brussels, 1962-70)

  • V. Taras.

Vita Tarasii (by Ignatios the Deacon), ed. I. A. Heikel, Acta Soc. Scien- tiarum Fennicae, 17 (1889), 395-423

  • V. Theod. Stud. I and II

Vita Theodori

Studitae

(I),

PG

99:

113-223; (II) 223-328

 
  • V. Theodori Sykeot.

Vie de Theodore de Sykeon, ed. and tr.

A.

J.

Festugiere,

Subs.

hag.

48

Vict. Tonn.

(Brussels, 1970) Victor Tonnenensis, Chronicle, ed. Th. Mommsen, MGH AA xi (Berlin,

1894)

Vict. Vit.

Victor Vitensis, Historia Persecu- tions Africanae Provinciae, ed. C. Helm, MGH A A iii (Berlin, 1879); also ed. M. Petschenig (CSEL 7, Vienna, 1881); tr. }. Moorhead, Victor of Vita:

History of the Vandal Persecution,

Zach. HE

TTH (Liverpool, 1992) Zachariah of Mytilene, Historia

Ecclesiastica Zachariae Rhetori vulgo adscript a (CSCO Scr. Syr. 3rd ser. 5), tr. E. W. Brooks (Louvain, 1924); also

The Syriac Chronicle known as that of Zachariah of Mitylene, tr. J. F. Hamilton and E. W. Brooks (London,

1899)

Zach. V. Sev.

Zon.

Zachariah Rhetor, Vita Severi, ed. and tr. M.-A. Kugener, PO ii (1907) Ioannes Zonaras, Epitome Histori-

Zos.

arum, ed. L. Dindorf, 6 vols. (Leipzig, 1868-75); also ed. T. Biittner-Wobst, vol. iii (Bonn, 1897) Zosimus, Historia Nova, ed. L. Mendelssohn (Leipzig, 1887); also ed. and tr. F. Paschoud, 3 vols. (Paris,

1971-89)

xxxii

3. Modern Works

Abbreviations

Ahrweiler, Mer

H.

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xxxv

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Gero, Leo III

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