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DAM Example Problems

DAM Example Problems

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A high school teacher at a small private school assigns trigonometry practice problems to be worked via the net.

Students must use a password to access the problems and the time of log-in and log-off are automatically recorded for the teacher. At the end of the week, the teacher examines the amount of time each student spent working the assigned problems. The data is provided below in minutes. Data Array 15 28 25 48 22 43 49 34 22 33 27 25 22 20 39 49 48 43 39 34 33 28 27 25 25 22 22 22 20 15

Mean
Mean = X / N = 452 / 15 = 30.13

Median
15 20 22 22 22 25 25 27 28 33 34 39 43 48 49 The median is 27. Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below.

Mode Mode is equal to 22. she started keeping track of her recorded scores. Bailey has been playing golf on the weekends for the past three years.only approximately a 3 minute difference between the mean and median. Is this data skewed? The data indicate a slight positive skew. Her scores for June and July at her favorite 9-hole (par 36) golf course are provided below. and half spent less time solving the problems. Half of the students spent more than 27 minutes solving the problems. 45 49 42 56 41 36 34 38 41 40 42 41 39 38 40 39 36 41 . Recently. This is most likely due to the students who spent over 40 minutes working on the trigonometry problems. It occurs 3 times. that it is a very slight skew . all other scores occur only 2 times or less What does this information tell you about students' length of time on the computer solving trigonometry problems? The mean number of minutes spent solving the problems on the computer was approximately 30 minutes. More students spent 22 minutes solving the problems than any other amount of time. Note.

What does this information tell you about Bailey's golf game? Is this data skewed? Bailey has been playing golf on the weekends for the past three years. Median. she started keeping track of her recorded scores.   Find the Mean.0 . Her scores for June and July at her favorite 9-hole (par 36) golf course are provided below. Recently. and Mode for the above data. Data Array 45 49 42 56 41 36 34 38 41 40 42 41 39 38 40 39 36 41 56 49 45 42 42 41 41 41 41 40 40 39 39 38 38 36 36 34 Mean Mean = X / N = 738 / 18 = 41.

5 . Mode Mode is equal to 41. Over half of Bailey's games had a score above 40. Midterm exam scores for a small advanced neuroanatomy class are provided below.5. The mean and median are almost identical. It occurs 4 times. The data is not skewed.5. Her most common golf score was a 41. all other scores occur only 3 times or less What does this information tell you about Bailey's golf game? Bailey's mean score for the months of June and July is 41 (only 5 above par). Is this data skewed? No. Scores represent percent of items marked correct on the exam.5 and half had a score below 40. only a half-stroke difference.Median 34 36 36 38 38 39 39 40 40 41 41 41 41 42 42 45 49 56 The median is 40. 87 99 75 87 94 75 35 88 . Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below. I find the median = 40. The two middle scores are 40 and 41. By adding these two numbers together and dividing by 2.

Data Array 87 99 75 87 94 75 35 88 87 93 99 94 93 88 87 87 87 75 75 35 Mean Mean = X / N = 820 / 10 = 82. and Mode for the above data.0 Median 35 75 75 87 87 87 88 93 94 99 The median is 87. Scores represent percent of items marked correct on the exam. Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below.87 93    Find the Mean. Median. . What does this information tell you about students' performance on the midterm (the traditional grading scale is used)? Is this data skewed? Midterm exam scores for a small advanced neuroanatomy class are provided below.

this data is skewed (a negative skew). Half of the students had a test score above 87 (a high B or an A). all other scores occur only 2 times or less What does this information tell you about students' performance on the midterm (the traditional grading scale is used)? The mean grade on the midterm was an 82 (a low B). The most common test score was an 87 (a high B). they decide to count the number of words that must be "bleeped" as too obscene for television and the number of physical altercations. It occurs 3 times. and distorts the mean. Median. has caused the skew. They hope that after recording this data that they will be able to argue that the show is inappropriate for television particularly during the day. The score of 35 is an extreme score (outlier). The data for number of words censored is provided below. 342 267 321 157 33 349 254 166 132 289    Find the Mean. Half the students' scores were lower than an 87. What does this information tell you about the talk show? Is this data skewed? . Is this data skewed? Yes.Mode Mode is equal to 87. A group committed to quality television has been concerned about a new talk show. and Mode for the above data. For two weeks.

Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below.0 Median 33 132 157 166 254 267 289 321 342 349 The median is 260. Mode This data set has no mode.5. The two middle scores are 254 and 267. I find the median = 260. By adding these two numbers together and dividing by 2.A group committed to quality television has been concerned about a new talk show. no number occurs more than once. The data for number of words censored is provided below. For two weeks.5. . Data Array 342 267 321 157 33 254 166 132 289 349 349 342 321 289 267 254 166 157 132 33 Mean Mean = X / N = 2310 / 10 = 231. They hope that after recording this data that they will be able to argue that the show is inappropriate for television particularly during the day. they decide to count the number of words that must be "bleeped" as too obscene for television and the number of physical altercations.

6}  We now use the formula of the classical probability.H). There is no mode . Half of the shows have to censor over approximately 260 words and half censor less. n(S) is the number of elements in the sample space S and n(E) is the number of elements in the event E.(T. find the probability that two heads are obtained. find the probability that an even number is obtained. S is the sample space of the experiment in question and E is the event of interest.(H.5. E = {2. Solution to Question 2:  The sample space S is given by.4. Question 1: A die is rolled. Note: Each coin has two possible outcomes H (heads) and T (Tails).6}  Let E be the event "an even number is obtained" and write it down.H). Is this data skewed? The show with only 33 words censored has caused a negative skew and distorted the mean downwards a bit. probably not the best show for your kids to watch (particularly if they can lip read). S = {1.2.(T.T)} .3. S = {(H. In what follows.What does this information tell you about the talk show? All things considered. The mean number of "bleeped" words per show is 231 words.T).each show appears to be unique as to the number of words "bleeped". P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 3 / 6 = 1 / 2 Question 2: Two coins are tossed. Solution to Question 1:  Let us first write the sample space S of the experiment.4.

1).(6.1). hence P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 0 / 36 = 0 .4).(4.(5.2).(3.(4. Question 4: Two dice are rolled.4).6) (5.4). E = {(H.H)}  We use the formula of the classical probability.(2. P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 1 / 4 Question 3: Which of these numbers cannot be a probability? a) -0.6) }  Let E be the event "sum equal to 1".3).4).(5.3). find the probability that the sum is a) equal to 1 b) equal to 4 c) less than 13 Solution to Question 4:  a) The sample space S of two dice is shown below.00001 b) 0.2).1).(3. hence only a) and c) above cannot represent probabilities: -0.5).2).(3. There are no outcomes which correspond to a sum equal to 1.6) (3.6) (6.2).6) (2.6) (4.(1.(6.(1.4).1).(2. S = { (1.5).3).(1.(6.2).(5.(1.5 c) 1.5).3).(3.(4.(6.(3. Let E be the event "two heads are obtained".001 is greater than 1.(5.(4.5).3).001 d) 0 e) 1 f) 20% Solution to Question 3:  A probability is always greater than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to 1.5).(6.4).3).(2.(5.00010 is less than 0 and 1.2).(1.(2.(4.1).(2.5).1).

H).T).3).(5.T). hence.T)}  Let E be the event "the die shows an odd number and the coin shows a head".2).H).H). Event E may be described as follows E={(1. find the probability that the die shows an odd number and the coin shows a head.(3.(2.1)}.(3. hence. P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 3 / 36 = 1 / 12  c) All possible ouctcomes.(2.(5. P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 36 / 36 = 1 Question 5: A die is rolled and a coin is tossed. E = S.T).H) (1. b) Three possible ouctcomes give a sum equal to 4: E = {(1.(4.(2. Solution to Question 6:  The sample space S of the experiment in question 6 is shwon below .T).H).(3.(4.(6.(6. Find the probability of getting the 3 of diamond.H).H). give a sum less than 13.H)}  The probability P(E) is given by P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 3 / 12 = 1 / 4 Question 6: A card is drawn at random from a deck of cards. Solution to Question 5:  The sample space S of the experiment described in question 5 is as follows S = { (1.(3.(5.T).H).

Hence the probability of event E occuring is given by P(E) = 1 / 52 Question 7: A card is drawn at random from a deck of cards. Find the probability of getting a queen. Hence the probability of event E occuring is given by P(E) = 4 / 52 = 1 / 13  Question 8: A jar contains 3 red marbles. An examination of the sample space shows that there are 4 "Queens" so that n(E) = 4 and n(S) = 52. If a marble is drawn from the jar at random. 7 green marbles and 10 white marbles. An examination of the sample space shows that there is one "3 of diamond" so that n(E) = 1 and n(S) = 52. Let E be the event "getting the 3 of diamond". what is the probability that this marble is white? Solution to Question 8: . Solution to Question 7:  The sample space S of the experiment in question 7 is shwon above (see question 6) Let E be the event "getting a Queen".

70 have O blood type and 15 have type AB blood. 65 have B blood type. what is the probability that this person has O blood type? Solution to Question 9:  We construct a table of frequencies for the the blood groups as follows group a B O AB frequency 50 65 70 15   We use the empirical formula of the probability Frequency for O blood P(E)= ________________________________________________ Total frequencies . We first construct a table of frequencies that gives the marbles color distributions as follows color red green white frequency 3 7 10   We now use the empirical formula of the probability Frequency for white color P(E)= ________________________________________________ Total frequencies in the above table  = 10 / 20 = 1 / 2 Question 9: The blood groups of 200 people is distributed as follows: 50 have type A blood. If a person from this group is selected at random.

Answers to above exercises: a) 2 / 6 = 1 / 3 b) 2 / 4 = 1 / 2 c) 4 / 36 = 1 / 9 d) 1 / 52 . c) Two dice are rolled. = 70 / 200 = 0. b) Two coins are tossed. find the probability that the number obtained is greater than 4. find the probability that one head only is obtained. Find the probability of getting the King of heart. find the probability that the sum is equal to 5. d) A card is drawn at random from a deck of cards.35 Exercises: a) A die is rolled.

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