Motor Operations Manual

©2007 The Motor Company Inc. (TMC) - All rights reserved. This Manual contains proprietary
information of TMC and is not to be reproduced in any form without the written consent of TMC.
The Manual is provided for informational and illustration purposes only. Actual operating conditions
may affect the results of TMC products and services and no information herein shall be construed
as any type of representation, warranty or guarantee by TMC. While TMC has taken precautions to
provide accurate information, TMC shall have no liability for anything contained herein.

Any questions with respect to the proper operation of GeoDrive™ motors
should be directed to your TMC representative.
Qualitas Publishing
Edition 01-07 (2007)

MOJO Directional Corporation (MOJO). All rights reserved. This manual contains
proprietary information of MOJO and is not to be reproduced in any form without written
consent of MOJO. The manual is provided for informational purposes only. Actual operating
conditions may affect the results of MOJO products and services and no information herein
shall be construed as any type of representation, warranty or guarantee by MOJO. While
precautions have been taken to provide accurate information, MOJO shall not be held liable
for anything contained herein.
Any questions with regards to the proper operation of MOJO motors should be directed to a
MOJO representative.
TabIe of Contents
1. GeneraI 1

1.1 MOJO Directional Corporation 1
1.2 This Manual 1
1.3 MOJO¯ Motors 1
1.4 Positive Displacement Motor (PDM) Primer 3
1.4.1 The PDM 3
1.4.2 Progressive Cavity (Moineau) Pump Principle 3
1.4.3 Moineau Principle in Reverse 4
1.5 Motor Applications 4
1.5.1 General 4
1.5.2 Vertical ÷ Performance ÷ Drilling Applications 4
1.5.3 Horizontal and Deviated Drilling Applications
÷ Steerable Systems 5
1.5.4 Coiled Tubing Applications 6
1.5.5 Workover Applications 6
1.5.6 Special Applications 6
1.6 Fundamental Motor Relationships 7
1.7 Servicing 9
2. Motor Components 10

2.1 General 10
2.2 Crossover or Dump Valve Sub Assembly 10
2.3 Safety Catch Sub Assembly 11
2.4 Power Section Assembly 12
2.5 Coupling Assembly 14
2.6 Bearing Assembly 15
2.6.1 General 15
2.6.2 Thrust Bearings 15
2.6.3 Radial Bearings 15
2.6.4 Flow Diverter 15
2.6.5 Drive Shaft 16
2.7 Adjustable Bent Housing Assembly (ABH) 16
2.8 Stabilizer 16
3. Motor SeIection and Configuration 17

3.1 General 17
3.2 Bit 17
3.3 Power Section Assembly 18
3.3.1 Low Speed Motors 18
3.3.2 Medium Speed Motors 18
3.3.3 High Speed Motors 18
3.4 Drilling Fluid 18
3.5 Temperature 19
3.6 Geology 19

4. Motor Operation 20
4.1 Making Up The Motor 20
4.2 Setting the ABH 20
4.2.1 Correct Tong Placement Ìs Critical 20
4.2.2 Setting the ABH 21
4.3 Dump Valve Test 21
4.3.1 Pumps Trip The Dump Valve 21
4.3.2 Testing The Dump Valve 21
4.4 Surface Flow Test 23
4.4.1 General Considerations 23
4.4.2 Surface Flow Test 23
4.5 Float Valves 23
4.6 Tripping Ìn Hole 23
4.7 Drillstring Rotation 24
4.8 Tripping Out Of Hole 24
4.9 Determining Thrust Bearing Life 24
4.10 Post-Run Procedures And Maintenance 25
5. SpeciaI AppIications 26
5.1 General 26
5.2 Drilling with Air, Foam or Mist 26
5.3 Hot Hole Environments 26
5.4 Coiled Tubing Drilling 26
5.5 Other Applications 27
6. TroubIeshooting 28

6.1 Downhole Troubleshooting Guide 28
7. Fishing Information 29
8. Specifications and Performance Curves 30

8.1 General 30
8.2 Motor Specifications 30
8.3 Model Numbers 30
8.4 Performance Curves 30
8.4.1 General 30
8.4.2 Speed Curve 31
8.4.3 Power Curve 31
8.4.4 Torque Curve 32
8.4.5 Reading The Curves Together 32
8.5 Motor Specifications Summary Sheet 33
9. IndividuaI Specification Sheets - Performance Curves
1. GeneraI
1.1 MOJO DirectionaI Corporation

Since our inception, MOJO's focus has been to couple
innovative technology with first in class customer service to
provide integrated solutions to our customers in the areas of
Project Management, Well engineering, Directional services and
QAQC management. With our dynamic seamless engineering
software, remote directional systems, LWD & MWD systemns,
high performance mud motors, and SMART system for real time
safety management and asset tracking, MOJO brings a level of
technology to any project that is hard to beat.

MOJO provides service to clients around the globe.

1.2 This ManuaI
This Manual provides information to assist in the proper
selection and operation of MOJO motors and represents
Edition 01, with data current to 2011. To the extent that further
information is desired, or for any assistance in using MOJO
motors, please contact your MOJO representative.

1.3 MOJO Motors
MOJO offers a wide range of drill ing motors, with multiple
configurations and in sizes r anging range from 1-11/16¨ (43
mm) to 11-1/4¨ (286 mm) outer diameter (OD).
MOJO motors are cost-effectiv e, robust and have a prove n
history of performance in drilling applications around the world.
They are designed to provi de reliable operation (long run
times) in harsh operating environments. With a multitude of
configurations available, MOJO motors can be customized to
specific bit and drilling applications, ensuring the r ight tool for
the job.
MOJO Motor HighIights (see Figure 1):
Safety Catch Sub AssembIy: MOJO s upplies a
safety catch s ystem with each motor to provide additional
security against leaving mot or components in the hole in the
unlikely event of a connection failure.
Rotors: Solid and bored rotors are precision
machined and polished to achieve a smooth and accurate
finish. Each ro tor is plated for corrosion pro tection and wear
Stators: Stators incorporate a quality, high
performance butadiene acrylonitrile elastomer. The standard
elastomer is a versatil e and field proven formulation with
excellent mechanical properties and good resistance to
aromatics. Ìt has an operating temperature range of up to
250°F (120°C) and a maximum temperature range to 300°F
(150°C). Elastomers are routinely inspected and tested to
ASTM standards to ensure a quality stator product.
CoupIing AssembIy: Each motor includes a high
strength coupling for maximum performance. The coupling is
precision machined for smooth articulati on and minima l wear
while providing optimum torque to the bit.
AdjustabIe Bent Housing (ABH): Each motor can be
configured with an adjustable bent housing, with the ability to
incorporate a 0 to 3 degree bend angle adjustment. The ABH
is engineered for simple adjustment and ease of use at the rig
Bearing AssembIy: The MOJO motor non-sealed
open bearing assembly is a robust and field proven design.
TMC uses a speci al tungsten carbide tile matrix for the radial
bearings for maximum protection against radial wear. Axial
thrust is managed by a series of full cont act mud lubricated
rock bit steel thrust bearings. Non-sealed bearings offer the
advantage of providing higher differential pressures across the
drill bit without the concern of losing seal integrity, a risk
presented by sealed bearing units.

1.4 Positive DispIacement Motor (PDM) Primer
1.4.1 The PDM
Those familiar with the pr inciples behind the PDM n eed not
review this section, which offers a brief primer on the PDM.
A PDM might not be what one initially visualizes. The ¨motor¨
does not utilize a conve ntional power source to turn the bit,
such as an engine or electrical drive device. Ìnstead, the PDM
consists essentially of a lo ng steel pip e (6÷9 metres lon g on
average) with a 0-3° adjustable bend setting. The inside of the
motor contains a rubber elastomer stator which is injected and
rifled with long continuous channels similar to the i nside of a
rifled gun barrel. The channels are called lobes and spiral
down the length of the stator. A chromed rotor with similar
lobes (large 'corkscrew') on its outside fits inside the stator and
seals itself inside of it. The rotor and stator are designed such
that the number of lobes on the rotor is one less than the
stator, creating a sealed void space that propagates itself down
the length of the stat or as the rotor turns inside. The bottom
end of the rotor is connected to a universal joint and drive shaft
which turn the bit.
1.4.2 Progressive Cavity (Moineau) Pump PrincipIe
The PDM is based on the principle of a p rogressive cavity
pump, only operating in reverse. A progressive cavity pump is
also known as a pr ogressing cavity pump, eccentric screw
pump or even just cavity pump. These pumps can often be
referred to by using a manuf acturer's name, as if it were the
generic name, hence Mono pump, Moyno pump and Nemo
pump are also used. Many of these names are based on the
modern PDM's French inventor, Dr. René Moineau.
Ìt is interesting to note that while the pr ogressive cavity pump
is one of the more recent pump concepts to appear, it has a
number of similarities to the ancient Archimedean screw pump
(circa 300 B.C.). The traditional version of the Archimed ean
screw pump, built since before Roman times and still used in a
similar form in Egypt, is mo unted with its axis inclined so its
lower end picks up water from the water source and the upper
end discharges into a channel.
The modern progressive cavity pump transfers fluid by means
of the pr ogress, through the pump, of a sequence of small,
fixed shape, discrete cavities, as its rotor is turned. This leads
to the volumetric flow rate beig g proportional to the rotation
rate (bidirectionally) and to low levels of shearing being applied
to the pumped fluid.
The principle of this pumping technique is frequently
misunderstood. Often it is bel ieved to occur due to a dynamic
effect caused by drag, or friction a gainst the movi ng teeth of
the screw rotor. However, in reality, it is due to sealed cavities,
like a piston pump, and so has similar operational
characteristics, such as bei ng able to pump at extremely low
rates, even to high pressure, revealing the effect to be purely
positive displacement.
1.4.3 Moineau PrincipIe in Reverse
As noted a bove, the progressive cavity pump is used in
reverse in drilling motors, or ¨mud motors¨ . The drilling fluid
(mud) is pumped under pressure through the progressive
cavity, or positive displacement, ¨pump¨ which causes the rotor
to turn at a spee d proportional to the fluid volume passing
through it. The rotor is connected to a drive shaft which
transmits rotary motion to the drill bit through a bearing
assembly. The positive displacement assembly itself is called
the power section assembly.
1.5 Motor AppIications
1.5.1 GeneraI
Since its intr oduction over fifty years ago, the PDM has
undergone a dramatic evol ution, with continual changes and
improvements that continue to this day. Downhole drilling
motors have proven successful in th e most rigorous drilling
environments. Today, once ¨exotic¨ techniques largely
dependent on the PDM, such as horizontal drilling, steerable
systems, extended-reach drilling and conv entional directional
drilling, have become the nor m. As companies seek to exploit
ever more challenging oil and gas reservoi rs, and historic ally
untapped reserves such as Coal Bed Methane (CBM) attract
attention, these technologies will be at the forefront in reducing
drilling and production costs and optimizing resource recovery.
1.5.2 VerticaI - Performance - DriIIing AppIications
Drilling motors can be used to provide superior performance
when drilling vertical holes in rotary drilling mode or over
extended vertical drilling intervals in deviated holes. The term
¨performance drilling¨ has been developed to describe drilling
using a stabilized motor with a bottom hole assemb ly (BHA)
configured for stabiliz ers similar to rotar y drilling for deviation
control. When drilling conditions require, the rotary can be
engaged to increase bit speed to optimize performance.
With a drilli ng motor in the BHA, the rotary table and drillstring
can be rotated at a more moderate pace while still obtaining a
superior rate of penetration (ROP) through the additional
rotation provided to the bit by the drilling motor. The ability to
operate at a reduc ed drillstring rotary RPM reduces wear on
casing and wear and fatigue of the drillstring and rotating
topside components.
By turning the bit several times faster than the dril lstring,
drilling motors provide increased angle control under the
adverse conditions found in many vertical applications. This
provides more effective control over deviation and doglegs.
Drilling with a motor ca n also be more f uel efficient than
straight rotary drilling as the hydraulic power required to drive
the motor and drill bit may be less than the mechanical power
required to ro tate the drillstring, with its associated friction
The proven re liability of MOJO motors along with the wide
range of avail able power sections make them well suited for
performance or extended interval drilling in both vertical and
deviated wells
Compared to rotar y drilling technology, drilling motors offer
intangible benefits that should be taken into consideration in
the final cost to benefit analysis. Such benefits include:
· Fewer round trips for BHA changes.
· Minimized wear, tear and fatigue of drillstring
components, surface pipe and casing, resulting from reduced
drillstring RPM.
· Fewer hole problems, such as formation swelling,
formation caving, doglegs, keyseats and hole sloughing,
resulting from higher ROP and less open hole time.
· Reduced drillstring torque.
· Faster and smoother casing setting.

1.5.3 HorizontaI and Dev iated DriIIing AppIications -
SteerabIe Systems
Horizontal and deviated drilling are some of the major
applications of steerable systems. Downhole motors are critical
to the success of horizontal and deviated drilling.
Ìn conventional directional drilling, deviation off vertical is
achieved by use of a bent sub assembly above a straight
motor or b y use of an adju stable bent housing (ABH). All
MOJO motors can be supplied with an ABH, making the
requirement for bent subs obsolete in most applications. The
bend is t ypically between 0° and 3° and causes the bottom
section of the drill ing motor and the attach ed drill bit to point
away from the axis of the drillstring. The driller will point the
drill bit in the direction requ ired and the whole assembly will
drill a curved hole in the direction of the bit.
The essential requirement of a ¨steerable system¨ is that it can
be used to drill in both oriented and rotary modes. The desired
angle is set in the adjustable bent housing sufficient to alter the
course of the hole, with the drillstring not rotating and the tool
face oriented. When the dri llstring is rotated with the motor
operating, the system drills straight ahead.
Such systems are extremely useful for wells with multiple
targets or with complex approach paths dictated by geological
constraints. The steerable system consists of a MOJO motor
configured with either a fixed or adjustable bent housing. Using
a MOJO motor or steerable system offers advantages
(resulting in lower drilling costs) compared to conventional
directional drilling:
· An average planned build rate can be followed
through a combination of orienting and rotating.
· After completing the build-up, the assembly can be
rotated ahead, making minor corrections to inclination and
azimuth as required to hold the angle.
· Extended intervals can be drilled through different
formations without tripping for assembly changes.
· The ability to correct the wellbore course at any time
minimizes curvature which in turn reduces torque and drag.
· · Drilling performance is maximized by efficiently
delivering the torque and horsepower at the bit.
· Applications that are technically and economically
feasible with MOJO motor systems include:
· Wells that penetrate complex multiple targets.
· Vertical wells in formations with severe crooked hole
· Horizontal wells that stay in narrow, dipping
production zones.

A MOJO motor is an ideal choice for the demands imposed by
directional drilling. The MOJO motor can be matched with
various bit types, such as PDC, roller cone or natural diamond.
1.5.4 CoiIed Tubing AppIications
Coiled tubing (CT) operations have historically represented a
fringe service, offering niche solutions to specialized problems.
Technological advances, improved service reliability, gradually
increasing tubing diameter and the constant pressure to
reduce drilling costs have contributed to a dramatic expansion
of CT applications in recent years. Today, CT drilling c an
achieve well depths in e xcess of 7,000 feet and is routinely
used for medi um diameter holes, utilizing motor sizes such as
4.75¨. CT drilling has also become popular in shallow-hole
Coal Bed Methane (CBM) applications. Over the last decade,
ROPs in CT applications using drilling motors have increased
significantly and bode well for the future use of drilling motors
in this expanding market.
MOJO motors are well suited to CT drilling a pplications.
Contact your MOJO representative for your customized CT
drilling requirements.
1.5.5 Workover AppIications
With the variety of MOJO motor sizes and power sections
available, virtually any remedial application can be efficiently
handled by MOJO. Contact your MOJO representative for specific
workover needs.
1.5.6 SpeciaI AppIications
Drilling motors may be used for mining, geothermal drilling,
coring, river crossin g, utility boring, milling, hole opening and
under-reaming, as well as for opening, casing and
template-drilling applications. Applications for smaller MOJO
motors (3-3/4¨ OD and smaller) include:
· Minerals exploration
· Horizontal boring
· Drilling through sand bridges and cement plugs
· Pilot-hole drilling
· Cleaning out paraffin build-up

1.6 FundamentaI Motor ReIationships
Basic equations*:
S = Rotor Speed [rpm] T = Torque [ft-lbs] HPin = Hydraulic
Ìnput Power [hp] HPout = Mechanical Output Power [hp] Eff =
Motor Efficiency [%] Q = Flow Rate [gpm] N = Number of Rotor
Lobes Vc = Cavity Volume (Stator Stage Length x
Pumping Area) [in
P = Differential Press ure Across the Power Section
* Premised on 100% effici ency - that is, no slip is accounted
for. Nevertheless, these basic equations provide a reasonable
basis for pr edicting expected output speed and torque. Slip
occurs when high pressure fluid blows by rotor and stator seal
lines and results in a reduction in power section speed. During
drilling, differential pressure and slip increase as the load on
the bit i ncreases. Ìf the motor is operated outside stated
parameters, slip can cause the rotor speed to slow down until
at some point above ma ximum rated pe essure, the power
section stalls. A motor stall is indicated by a sudden increase in
standpipe pressure while drilling. Once the motor is stalled, all
drilling fluid blows by the seal lines. The differential pressure at
which stall is reached can be incr eased by increasing the
compression fit between the rotor and stator. Ìf the rotor-stator
fit becomes t oo tight, stator life will be significantly reduced.
Optimal fit provides a slip effi ciency that is a compromise of
stall margin at maximum rated pressure and stator life.

Motors are optimaIIy machined for th eir specified
operating parameters and shouId not be run outside these
parameters - doing so wiII damage the motors.
Drilling motors extract energy from the moving fluid or drilling
mud in th e form of pressure and flo w rate and co nvert this
hydraulic power to mechanical power in the form of rotational
speed and to rque. The drilling motor transforms hydraulic
power into mechanical power through the inner workings of the
motor. The relation between rotational speed and output torque
depends on the geometry of the rotor and stator.
The speed of a motor is inversely proportional to the number of
lobes and cavity volume. Cavity volume is purely a function of
power section desi gn and is defined as pumping (cavity cross
sectional) area multiplied by the length of one stator stage. The
stator typically consists of multiple stages, with one stage
equating to the line ar distance of a full ¨ wrap¨ of the stator
helix. Moineau theory defines the maximum pumping area that
can be obtained within a given stator tube diameter.
Under the same flow rate conditions, changing the volume of
the motor or the number of lobes can alter the rotational speed.
Ìf the volume i s held constant, a motor with a 2:3 rotor-stator
lobe ratio will operate at a higher speed than a 6:7 or an 8:9
The torque of a motor is proportional to the number of lobes,
cavity volume and d ifferential pressure across the power
Motor horsepower input is hydraulic horsepower and is a
function of the differential pressure input and flow rate. Motor
horsepower output is mechanical horsepower and is a functi on
of torque a nd RPM output. Motor efficiency at a spe cified
differential pressure compares the mec hanical horsepower
output from the motor to the hydraulic horsepower input to the
Generated torque increases with stator stage length. Torque is
the result of the fluid wedge driven into the top end of the
motor. The smaller the wedge angle, which depends on lobe
configuration and stage length, the greater the wedge force or
torque. While torque is not directly related to the number of
stator stages, i t is directl y proportional to differential pressure.
Extra stages allow for the use of the motor over a wider range
of differential pressures. With the abilit y to operate at higher
differential pressures, extra stages allow for greater torque.
Extra stages also act as a dynamic seal against leakage. The
more stages the better the seal, but this number is limited by
the resulting increase in friction due to the extra stages.
To summarize, the greater the rate of fluid flow through the
motor, the greater the motor revolutions per minute (RPM) and
the faster the bit turns. The greater the fluid pressure, the
greater the amount of torque the motor generates. The greater
the number of lobes on the rotor-s tator combination, the lower
the RPM and the greater the torque generated.
Higher Fluid Flow = Higher RPM
Higher Fluid Pressure = Higher
Torque Higher Number of Lobes
= Lower RPM Higher Number of
Lobes = Higher Torque
An advantage of drilling motors is that output performance (S,
T) can be mo nitored from th e rig fl oor by tracking standpipe
pressure and flow rate. Output torque is directly proportional to
the pressure drop (
P). This is a st raight line relationship and can be determined
from the sta ndpipe pressure. The difference between
off-bottom and on-bottom standpipe pressures represents
pressure drop across the motor during drilling for a given
weight on bit (WOB). Output rotary speed (S) is proportional to
the circulation or flow rate (Q) through the drilling system. The
circulation rate can be read from the pump stroke counter.
1.7 Servicing
To prevent wellsite downtime, MOJO follows a policy of
proactive maintenance rather than re active repair. All MOJO
motors are inspected and tested prior to being dispatched.
Motors are disassembled after each job, regardless of usage,
using MOJO's Auto Torque service unit. Motors are cleaned
and rebuilt after careful inspection to replace any worn or
damaged parts. All conne ctions are torqued to proper
specifications at the service facility and inspected by certified
third party operators. To ensure that MOJO motors meet or
exceed expectations, the histor y and hours of each motor are
2. Motor Components
2.1 GeneraI
The basic components of the MOJO motor (from uphole down
to the bit ÷ see Figure 3) consist of:
A. Crossover or Dump Valve Sub Assembly
B. Safety Catch Sub Assembly
C. Power Section Assembly
D. Coupling Assembly
E. Bearing Assembly
Ìn addition, depending on the a pplication, a MOJO motor
assembly may contain:
F. Adjustable Bent Housing Assembly
G. Stabilizer
2.2 Crossover or Dump VaIve Sub AssembIy
Ìn a standard motor setup, a crossover sub is used to con nect
the motor to the drillstring. Optionally, a dump valve sub
assembly can be used instead of the crossover sub assembly.
The geometry of the rotor-stator power section restricts fluid
flow between the drillstring and annulus during tripping
operations. When running in the hole without a dump sub, if
the drillstring is not filled bet ween stands, the back press ure
will cause the motor to run in reverse. This can lead to internal
motor connections being unscrewed or the possibility of the bit
backing off, especially if jarred on. When running out of the
hole without a dump sub, drilling mud is pulled out - a 'wet'

string. Pulling a wet string is often undesirable, particularly for
the rig crew.
Ìncorporating a dump sub (see Figure 4) above the power
section enables the drillstrin g to fill when tripping in the hole
and to empty when tripping out of hol e. The dump sub also
allows low flow rate circulation if required.
The valve uses a spr ing-loaded piston to close the ports
separating the inside of the to ol from the annul us surrounding
the tool. When the mud pumps are turned off and the dril ling
fluid is not circulati ng, the spri ng holds the piston in the up, or
open-port, position. This allows the fluid to enter or exit the
drillstring through the ports and bypass the motor.
When the mud pumps are turned on and the drilling fluid starts
to circulate, it creates a small pressure drop across the piston
and an attendant force on the piston and spring. As fluid
velocity increases, the pressure drop and force increase. Once
the circulating fluid reac hes the minimum velocity needed to
overcome the spring force holding the piston in the up position,
the dump valve is forced into the down, or closed-port,
position. The fluid then flows through the motor and drill bit
providing horsepower to turn the bit. When the mud pumps are
turned off and circulati on ceases, the piston is forced back into
the up, or open-port, position, a llowing the drilling fluid to
bypass the motor while tripping pipe. The ports are fitted with
filters to avoid valve fouling by solids in the circulating fluid.
The flow rate required to close the valve is lower than the
minimum specified working flow rate of the motor.
Dump valve sub assemblies are available for all motor sizes.
The dump subs have APÌ and common drilling industry
connections top and bottom, allowing the motor to be easily
operated with the dump sub in position or removed. A bent sub
may be positioned between the dump sub and the power
section, which reduces the bit to bend length and increases the
bend effect on the bit.
Note that when the dump valve is open, drilling mud will pass
through the dump valve ports into the ann ulus. Very little fl uid
will pass through the MOJO motor and drill bit.
2.3 Safety Catch Sub AssembIy
The safety catch sub assembly (see Figure 5) all ows for the
removal of the motor components, including the rotor and
lower assembly, in the un likely case of a motor connection
failure. Ìt offers protection from possible fishing operations in

the hole. While particularly important when using motors that
are exposed to excess ive loads from extreme drilling
applications, MOJO provides safety catch subs as standard
equipment on its MOJO motors.
2.4 Power Section AssembIy
The power section assembly (see Figure 6) converts the
hydraulic energy of high pressure drilling fluid to mechanical
energy in the form of torque output for the drill bit. The
power section consists of two components - a
helical-shaped rotor and stator. The rotor is a steel bar
shaped into a spiral- helix while the stator is a heat-treated
steel tube lined with a helical-shaped elastomeric insert.
The metallic rotor is precision machined to close axial and
radial tolerances and is either chrome plated or coated to
maximize wear and c orrosion resistance. The rotors of all
multi-lobe motors 3-1/8¨ diameter and larger may be fitted
with bypass jet nozzles to extend the motor operating range.
The number o f rotor lobes varies from 1 to 9 across the
MOJO motor range.
The elastomeric stator is injection moulded with detailed
attention given to elastomer composition consistency, bond
integrity and lobe profile accuracy. The stator is moulded
directly to the power section housing. The number of stator
lobes varies from 2 to 10 across the MOJO motor range.
The rotors have one less lobe than the stators (see Figure
7) and when the two are assembled, a series of cavities is
formed along the helical curve of the power section. Eac h of
the cavities is sealed from adjacent cavities by seal lines. The
centerline of the rotor is offset from the center of the stator by a
fixed value known as the ¨eccentricity¨ of the power section.
When the rotor turns inside the stator, its center moves in a
circular motion about the center of the stator. The lobe
geometry and the amount of eccentric rotor movement are
designed to minimize contact pressure, sliding friction,
abrasion and vibration, thus reducing rotor and stator wear.

A feature of the power section design is that it can
accommodate various circulating fluids, including oil-based
muds, water-based muds, water, air and foam.
During drilling operations, high pressure fluid is pumped into
the top end of the power section where it fills the first set of
open cavities. The pressure differential across two adjacent
cavities forces the rotor to turn and as this occurs, adjacent
cavities are opened allowing the fluid to flow progressively
down the length of the power section. Opening and closing of
the cavities o ccur in a continuous, pulsationless manner
causing the rotor to rotate at a speed that is proportional to the
drilling fluid flow rate. This action converts fluid hydraulic
energy into mechanical energy.
The torque of a power section is proportional to cavity volume
and differential pressure across the power section. The speed
of a p ower section is inversely proportional to stator stage
length. One stage equates to the linear distance of a full ¨wrap¨
of the stator helix.
Motor input and output power characteristics can generally be
considered to be a function of the number of lobes, lobe
geometry, helix angle and number of effective stages. The
power section assemblies of MOJO motors are designed to
provide various speed ranges which are achieved by varying
the pitch or stage length and the rotor-stator lobe ratio.
Generally, more lobes yield higher torque and slower speed
while fewer lobes yield higher speed and lower torque. As
noted above, the number of stator lobes a lways exceeds the
number of rotor lobes by one - hence, the rotor-stator lobe-ratio
designations of 2:3, 6:7, 9:10 etc.
Within the specified motor operating ranges, bit rotation speed
is directly proportional to the circulating fluid flow rate between
the rotor and stator. Above the maximum specified operating
differential pressure, fluid leakage occurs bet ween the rotor
and stator s eals and bit rotation s peed declines. Excessive
fluid leakage results in no rotation of the b it due to the ro tor
becoming stationary, or stalling, in the stator. This operating
condition is to be avoided, as it can seriously damage the
MOJO motor.
Similarly, within the specified motor oper ating ranges, motor
output torque is directly proportional to the differenti al pressure
developed across the rotor and stator. Operating above the
maximum specified torque production values, there can be a
tendency for accelerated rotor-stator wear and stalling.
Power developed by the rotor and stator is directly proportional
to both rotati onal speed (RPM) and torque. Motor horsepower
and related values of RPM and tor que should be carefully
considered with respect to individual drilling applications.
Each power section design has a specified maximum operating
pressure per stage (360° wrap). The cumulative maximum
operating pressure for a number of stages for a particular
model, equates to the ma ximum motor operating pressure for
that power section model.
Ìn some applications, flow rates above normal operating
conditions for a specific size or rotor-stator configurati on may
be desired. This can be achieved by utilizing a bored rotor,
allowing some of the drilling fluid to ¨bypass¨ the motor (or
cavity between rotor and stat or) and travel straight through the
centre of the r otor. With a bored motor, the total hydraulic flow
rate is equal to the sum of the flo w rate through the cavity seal
and that through the centre of the rotor.
MOJO rotors and stators are carefully sized and matched to
provide the optimum mating fit for planned downhole operating
conditions. High downhole operating temperatures can affect
the mating fit between the
rotor and stator, resulting i n
increased loading of the
stator elastomer. Modified
motor operating pressures
and special operations
procedures are
recommended in high
temperature conditions.
2.5 CoupIing AssembIy
MOJO motors have a ball
drive coupling (see F igure
8). As noted above, the
hydraulic energy of the
pressurized circulating fluid
is converted to mecha nical
energy via thh rotating and
precessing rotor. The action
of the circulating fluid also
produces a hydraulic
downthrust on the rotor.
The coupling assembly
eliminates all rotor eccentric
motion and the effects of fixed or adjustable bent housings
while transmitting torque and downthrust to the drive shaft,
which is held concentrically by the bearing assembly. The
coupling assembly must also allow the correct axial
relationship of the rotor to the stator to ensure efficient rotor to
stator sealing and minimize rotor and stator wear.

The coupling assembly may incorporate flexibility via an
adjustable bent housing to allow for the placement of a bend
point in its external housing for steerable or single bend motors
(see Section 2.7).
2.6 Bearing AssembIy
2.6.1 GeneraI
Downhole motors require a thrust bearing
system to transfer the applied drilling
weight from the non-rotating drillstring to
the bit. The MOJO bearing assembly
(see Figure 9) is a rugged, non-sealed
open bearing, mud-lubricated design that
consists of two types of bearings
÷ thrust a nd radial ÷ as well as a flow
diverter and drive shaft. Drilling parameters,
such as weight on bit (WOB), circulation
rate and bit pressure drop, directly affect
the bearing assembly. Non-sealed bearings
offer the advantage of providing differential
pressures across the drill bit without the
concern of losing seal integrity that is
possible with sealed bearing units. This
open design is not susceptible to the
severe consequences that accompany the
failure of a sealed bearing pack design.
Diverted fluid cools and lubricates the thrust
and radial bearings.
2.6.2 Thrust Bearings
Thrust bearings support: (i) the
compressive ¨on-bottom¨ thrust load
produced by the weight on bit; and (ii) the
tensile ¨off-bottom¨ thrust load produced by
the pressure drops across the rotor and drill
bit, as well as any load caused by back
reaming. MOJO motors use a stacked
multiple ball-and-race design for the thrust

2.6.3 RadiaI Bearings
Radial bearings support the radial and bending loads o n the
drive shaft. Side loading of the drive shaft can be significant in
steerable and correction run applications. Radial bearings also
regulate the flow of drilling fluid through the bearing assembly.

2.6.4 FIow Diverter
The bearing assembly is cooled and lubricated by
approximately 5 to 8% of the circulating fluid. The fluid is
regulated by a precision machined flow diverter device. The
flow diverter works in a manner similar to that of a jetted r otor,
that is it provides a restricted flow path. Ìn the case of the
bearing assembly flow diverter, the flow across it supplies fluid
¨to¨ the bearings for cooling and lubrication, while a jet in a
rotor causes fluid to be bypassed ¨away¨ from the rotor and
stator to protect them from overloading and erosion.
As with a jet nozzled rotor, the amount of fluid that passes
across a bearing assembly diverter depends on the size of the
diverting/restricting orifice and the pressure acting across it. Ìn
the case of the diverter, the back pressure is that of the
pressure drop across the bit.
2.6.5 Drive Shaft
The drive shaft transmits both axial and torsional loading to the
bit. The drive shaft is a forged comp onent designed such that
fatigue strength, axial and torsional strength are maximized. Ìt
has a threaded connection at the bottom end to facilitate
connection of the drill bit.
2.7 AdjustabIe Bent Housing AssembIy (ABH)
The MOJO adjustable housing is engineered to allow for
quick and easy bend angle adjustments on the rig floor from 0
to 3°. This eliminates the need to change assemblies or
2.8 StabiIizer

3. Motor SeIection and Configuration

MOJO motors can be used in conjunction with a variety of
stabilizer types.
3.1 GeneraI
Numerous factors must be considered when selecting the right
motor for a particular drilling application. MOJO motors are
available in multiple configurations. For example, motors can
be supplied with adjustable bent housings, stabilizers or bored
rotors and in various rotor-stator modes add stages. MOJO
personnel are always available to assist in proper motor
Applications: Other Factors for Motor Selection:
· Vertical drilling · Bit type
· Directional drilling · Speed
· Steerable-system drilling · Torque
· Horizontal directional drilling · Weight-on-bit (WOB)
(HDD) · Bit pressure drop
· Directional crossing · Flow rate / annular velocity
· Performance drilling required to clean the hole
· Casing drilling · Mud type (composition/viscosity)
· Air drilling · Formation fluids (composition/
· Coring solids content)
· Reaming / hole opening / under-· Geology reaming ·
Bottom hole circulating
· · Prevention of casing wear temperature
· Hole size
· Tubular specifications
· Stabilizer placement
· Well profile
· Site logistics

The best drilling performance will be achieved by careful
consideration of the required motor attributes in light of the
geology that is expected to be encountered. This requires
matching the bit (PDC, diamond or rockbit) with the formation
and selecting the proper MOJO motor for the bit in terms of
torque, RPM and horsepower.
3.2 Bit
An important aspect of any planned downhole motor run is
matching the bit with the motor. Relevant factors include: (i)
total flow area, to ensure the desired pressure drop across the
bit; (ii) annular velocity required for hole cleaning; and (iii)
maximum standpipe pressure. Stall pressure for a motor may
approach pump relief valve li mits in certain cases. For larger
holes, a bored rotor ma y be necessary to handle the above
mentioned fluid requirements. Ìf the run i s intended to build
angle, or achi eve significant deviation, gauge length on the bit
is an important consideration. Ìf the motor is bent, the resulting
continual side loading requires gauge protection.
3.3 Power Section AssembIy
Of particular importance to selecting the optimum motor
configuration is the choice of power section assembly.
Consideration must be given to required input/output operating
characteristics (e.g. required torque and RPM delivery to the
bit and required flow rates for bit hydraulics and hole cleaning).
Ìn some applications, the power section length and overall
motor length may be of importance.
Motor speed is inversely proportional to the number of lobes.
The more lobes, the lower the speed.
3.3.1 Low Speed Motors
Low speed motors typically have higher rotor to stator lob e
configurations. The use of a djustable bent housings with high
torque output and rel atively low bit speed make low speed
motors ideal for use in steer able drilling applications, including
horizontal wells and wells in troublesome formations. The
output characteristics of low speed motors can be utilized in
various specialist applications, such as short and intermediate
3.3.2 Medium Speed Motors
Medium speed motors t ypically have mid-range rotor to st ator
lobe configurations. The operational characteristics of medium
speed motors permit fine tuning of operational parameters and
rates of pe netration while maximizing bit life and on-bottom
time, thereby reducing costs. Applications for medium speed
motors include steerable straight hole drilling, extended reach
drilling and performance drilling.
3.3.3 High Speed Motors
High speed motors typically have rotor to stator lobe
configurations of 1:2 or 2:3. The high speed motor operational
characteristics make them suit able for use in correction and
sidetrack applications, where precise directional control
permits efficient establishment of the required well inclination
and direction.
3.4 DriIIing FIuid
The type of drilling fluid to be used in a particular drilling
application can affect motor selection. Proper motor selecti on
with regard to drilling fluids will not only improve the dri lling
process but will also prevent serious complications (due to
friction and heat) from developing.
When choosing a drilling fluid, consideration should be given in
particular to two parts of the motor most susceptible to damage
from a drilling fluid: (i) the elastomer compound in the stator;
and (ii) the bearing assembly. Some drilling muds are very
harsh on certain rubber compounds. For example, many
diesel-based fluids can cause severe swelling in the rub ber,
resulting in anything from r educed power output to pr emature
failure. Always consult MO JO staff if oil-based muds are

Another important drilling fluid consideration is mud weight.
Generally, heavier mud weights create more wear on the
motor. Combined with high sand content, this can cause
extreme motor damage. When using heavier muds, care
should be taken to keeping sand content as low as possible to
prevent washing in the motor. Contact a MOJO representative
for more information.
3.5 Temperature
Temperature is also a factor in motor selection. MOJO
standard elastomers have an operating temperature range up
to 250°F (120°C) and a maximum temperature range to 300°F
(150°). Consult your MOJO representative if hot- hole
applications are contemplated.
Power sections are designed with an interference fit bet ween
the rotor and stator, establishing a s eal. For optimum motor
performance, the interference fit must remain within a specified
range. High bottom-hole temperatures can swell the stator
elastomer, increasing the interference fit and resulting in stator
damage and reduced operating life. As temperature incr eases,
motor life decreases.
Specialized power sections are available for hot-hole
applications. However, it is important not to use such
specialized assemblies for normal or low temperature use
since hot-hole power sections contain stators with a looser fit,
designed to address swelling or specialty elastomers. Ìf used in
lower temperatures, such assemblies will not produce the rated
power. For optimum perfor mance, the motor should be
selected according to the temperature range within which it i s
expected to operate.
3.6 GeoIogy
The motor configuration can be designed to optimize
performance depending on the geology expected to be
encountered. For example, shallow wells in soft rock maybe
best suited for higher RPM and lower torque (less lobes, less
stages), while deeper wells require higher torque a nd lower
RPM (more lobes, more stages). Ìn instances where
polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) bits are utilized in
deeper drilling applications, the use of extended power section
assemblies may be advisable.

4. Motor Operation
4.1 Making Up The Motor
At the drill site, make up the motor as follows:
· Pick up the motor using a lift sub.
· Place tongs on the bit box while using a bit breaker to
make up the connection between bit and box.
· Ìt is recommended that the table be rotated one or
two turns after the bit is made up and still in the bit box. Tongs
should be on the stator to negate rotation above the bit box.
· Lower the tool into the wellbore and secure with slips
and drill collar clamp. Care must be taken with bigger bends to
ease the motor through the BOPs.
· A dump sub and/or float sub may be run on top of the
· Avoid using the rotary table to make up components
above the motor as this could lead to bit damage or, at worst,
unscrewing the bit.

4.2 Setting the ABH
4.2.1 Correct Tong PIacement Is CriticaI
When setting the ABH, it is important to ensure correct
tong pIacement so that the correct connections are
untorqued and retorqued. AIways mark the desired angIe
sIots on each housing prior to setting the
ABH. AIways dope aII shouIders weII when re-torquing.

4.2.2 Setting the ABH
· Place tongs as shown in Figure 10 and break the tool
· Keep the adjusting ring flush with the upper-offset
housing and back off the lower/lock housing two to four turns.
· Slide the adjusting ring down to disengage the teeth.
Using the chain tong, turn the adjusting ring counter-clockwise
to the desired setting, matching numbers on the adjusting ring
with numbers on the offset housing (see Figure 11).
· Raise the adjusting ring, engaging the teeth with the
offset housing.
· Hold the offset housing/adjusting ring while turning
the lock housing to snug up the connection.
· Place tongs on the offset housing and lock the
housing as per Figure 12. Torque to the value in TabIe 1.
· The matching markings on the offset housing and the
adjusting ring indicate the angle setting as well as the high

4.3 Dump VaIve Test
4.3.1 Pumps Trip The Dump VaIve
Motor geometry restricts the flo w between the drillstring and
annulus during tripping operations. This usually results in a
¨wet trip¨ (i.e. the drillstring is full of fluid as it is tripped from the
wellbore). A Dump Valve As sembly can be included in the
motor configuration above the power section. This allows the
drillstring to drain while tripping.
The dump sub is a simple sliding piston design. The spring
holds the piston open, allowing fluids to exit the ported sub into
the wellbore. When pumps are switched on the a dded
pressure forces the valve closed, thus shutting off access to
the wellbore.
Dump subs are available on all motor sizes.
4.3.2 Testing The Dump VaIve
· Using a soft (i.e. wooden) hammer handle, depress
the tapered face of the piston, approximately 3 inches.
· Fill the sub with water and release the piston. Water
should flow from the ports.

4.4 Surface FIow Test
4.4.1 GeneraI Considerations
Note that motors with high bends should not be tested with the
bit attached as this may cause damage to the bit, casing
and/or BOPs.
When testing, it is normal to have a high level of no ise and
DO NOT prolong surface testing, as running a motor
without load or bit can be damaging over time.
4.4.2 Surface FIow Test
· Make up the motor to the kelly and lower it enough so
that the dump sub is below the rotary table.
· Slowly bring the pumps up. Do not pump at maximum
· Bring the dump sub above the rotary table, observing
for any leakage.
· Bring the motor up high enough so that the bit box
can be seen to be rotating freely.
· Leakage from the bearing section is normal and
should be expected.
· Lower the motor so that the dump sub is again
beneath the rotary table before disengaging the pumps.

4.5 FIoat VaIves
When drilling underbalanced or in uncons olidated formations,
as well as mi lling steel, a float valve may be run above the
motor to avoid contaminating the motor with foreign solids.
Many contractors run float valves as a matter of course. This
will not affect motor operation.
4.6 Tripping In HoIe
· Use controlled speed while tripping in the hole.
Contact with casing, bridges and other downhole obstacles can
cause damage to the bit, the motor or the object that is struck.
· When bridges or tight spots are encountered, the
motor can be utilized to ream through. Care should be taken to
use minimum flow rates and to slowly rotate the drillstring while
performing this operation.
· Note that reaming operations can require
significant torque output from the motor and can aIso
cause significant Ioads on the motor not seen during
normaI driIIing operations.
· Take care not to create ledges or to sidetrack the
· Ìf circulating for any reason while the motor is in the
casing, be sure to reciprocate the drillstring to avoid any wear
on the casing.
· Always start the pumps slowly while off-bottom and
slowly wash your way to bottom.

4.7 DriIIstring Rotation
When drilling with a motor it is often nece ssary to rotat e the
drillstring for a variety of reasons, such as directional control,
hole cleaning, ROP, etc. Ìt is important to note that rotating t he
drillstring increases the mechanical load on certain motor
components. This can lead to excessive wear on outer
components, such as the wear pad and stator housi ng, as well
as inner components, such as bearings. Ìn e xtreme cases,
connection back-off may occur.
Ìt is advisable to keep rotation to a minimum when running a
motor with a bend. High motor bends and wellbore areas with
high doglegs or overguage portions should be noted and care
taken when rotating through such areas.
4.8 Tripping Out Of HoIe
· The hole should be circulated clean prior to tripping
· The drillstring can be rotated slowly during tripping out
· Note that with double bends or higher
bends/doglegs, the drillstring should NOT be rotated.
· Slow down tripping speed when passing through
casing shoes.
· Avoid backreaming as it will shorten motor life.
· Ìf pulling on the motor becomes necessary, refer to
the specific data sheet for allowable over-pull values.

4.9 Determining Thrust Bearing Life
Thrust bearing wear should be checked between motor runs.
Use the following procedure to determine bearing wear:
1 Let motor hang free on drilling floor. As per Figure 13,
measure D
between bearing housing and bit box. Let motor
rest on rig floor and measure D
, also between bearing housing
and bit box.
2 To determine wear, subtract D
from D
3 As per TabIe 2, if the measured number exceeds the
value in the table, a backup motor should be run.

Figure 13
4.10 Post-Run Procedures And Maintenance
Drill site maintenance can be difficult or is gi ven low priority for
fear of losing ri g operating time. However, taking the foll owing
few simple and relatively quick
steps after a motor run will avoid
motor damage and excessive repair
or maintenance costs.
· Wash the motor and
visually inspect it for any apparent
damage as it is pulled from the
· Drain the motor by placing
the bit in the bit breaker in the
rotary table. Secure the motor housing with a tong and rotate
the bit slowly clockwise with the rotary table until all fluid has
been discharged.
· Rinse out the bit box with clean fluid, dope and install
a thread protector.
· Rinse out the dump valve and insides, using the wash
gun spray out ports, to remove any debris. Check that the
valve moves freely.
· Ìf the motor is to be stored for any amount of time,
flush it with clean hydraulic or mineral oil. DO NOT use
petroIeum-based oiI.
· Apply thread dope to the top connection and install
the pick-up sub.

5. SpeciaI AppIications
5.1 GeneraI
MOJO motors have proven useful in a wide variety of special
applications, demonstrating their versatility in some of the
harshest drilling environments.
5.2 DriIIing with Air, Foam or Mist
Note: Do not run the motor on dry air aIone, aIways use
Iubricant. Do not aIIow the motor to freewheeI (i.e. rotate
off-bottom) when driIIing with air. AIways have sIight
weight on the bit when turning on the compressors and
shut down airfIow before picking up off-bottom. Either of
these conditions - no Iubricant or free wheeIing - can
cause serious motor damage.
The MOJO motor can be used in a variety of air, mist and foam
Ìn standard air drilling applications, the req uired flow rate (in
SCFM) is four to four and on e half times the equiv alent liquid
flow rate (in GPM)
Example: 200 gpm = 800 to 900 cfm
When drilling with air alone it is n ecessary to introduce a
lubricant. Recommended lubricants are:
· Liquid Soap ÷ 0.5 to 1 gal/bbl of water
· Graphite ÷ 4 to 6 lbs/bbl of water
· Gel ÷ 0.5 to 1 lbs/bbl of water

Lubricants should be injected downstream of the compressors
at a rate of not less than 5% by volume.
Dump valves should either be blanked off or left out of the BHA
as air will not close the dump valve.
A float valve shou ld be run when drilling with air to control
blowback and ensure that cutti ngs do not enter the bit and
5.3 Hot HoIe Environments
See Section 3.5. When exceeding 250° F (120° C), please
contact your MOJO representative to prepare a high
temperature motor.
When running in the hol e in high temperature zones, stop and
circulate frequently to cool the motor. Keep non-circulating
time to a minimum.
5.4 CoiIed Tubing DriIIing
See Section 1.5.4. MOJO motors have been used successfully
in a number of CT applications. MOJO has developed motors
and practices specific to CT drilling. Please contact MOJO for
more information.

5.5 Other AppIications
MOJO motors can be used in a variety of non-conventional
· Minerals Exploration
· HDD ÷ Horizontal Directional Drilling (river crossings,
utility boring)
· Milling operations
· Drilling out plugs
· Removal of paraffin build-up
· One Run Motors
· MOJO has developed a cost effective motor for
sacrificial use on the end of a casing string. This motor is
designed to be used on final casing strings to drill/ream
through tight spots and/or bridges and be cemented in the hole
upon completion, thus negating the possibility of having to trip
casing back out of the hole.

DownhoIe TroubIeshooting Guide6.1
The Downhole Troubleshooting Guide de scribes abnormal
operating conditions along with potential causes and
suggested corrective action.

1. TroubIeshooting
2. Fishing Information

MOJO provides safety catch sub assemblies as standard
equipment on its MOJO motors (see Section 2.3). The safety
catch sub offers protection from fishing operations in the hole
in the unlikely event of a motor connection failure. Ìf fishing
operations are required, contact your MOJO representative for
assistance and accurate fishing dimensions.
8. Specifications and Performance Graphs
8.1 GeneraI
This section contains a selection of specifications and
performance graphs for the more com monly used MOJO
models. MOJO is continua lly working with its suppliers to
incorporate design improvements and as such, these
specifications are subject to change. To obtain data regarding
any motor model not included, or for custom motor
requirements, contact your MOJO representative.
8.2 Motor Specifications
MOJO offers a wide range of MOJO drilling motors, with
multiple configurations and in various sizes. Motor size is
generally defined by the outer diameter (OD) of the moto r. Ìn
addition to custom requirements, MOJO motors are available
in OD sizes from 1 11/16¨ (43 mm) to 11 1/4¨ (286 mm).
MOJO motors are also available in multiple configurations for
each size. Ìt is recommended that MOJO staff be consulted to
ensure proper motor selection (see Section 3).
8.3 ModeI Numbers
The MOJO three part model n umber provides a simple
description of the basic motor configuration:
AL - BBB - C
A = Number of Rotor Lobes BBB = Motor Outer
Diameter C = Number of Stages
For example, Model 5L-475-6 represents a motor with a 5:6
rotor-stator lobe ratio, a 4 3/4¨ outside diameter and 6 stages.
8.4 Performance Curves
8.4.1 GeneraI
Speed, Power and T orque performance curves are provided
for each motor size and configuration.

8.4.2 Speed Curve
The Speed Curve shows speed in RPM as a fu nction of
differential pressure in PSÌ. Three typical flow rate curves are
presented. The speed for flow rates different from those
presented in the curves can be derived by interpolating
between the flow rate curves presented. The full load
differential pressure is also identified.
For example, the above curve shows that the 5L-6 50-6 motor
operating at a flow rate of 500 GPM will have a rotational
speed of 205 RPM at a diffe rential pressure of 800 PSÌ. The
full load differential pressure is 900 PSÌ.
8.4.3 Power Curve
The Power Curve shows output power in HP as a function of
differential pressure in PSÌ. Three typical flow rate curves are
presented. The speed for flow rates different from th ose
presented in the curves can be derived by interpolating
between the flow rate curves presented. The full load
differential pressure is also identified.

For example, the above curve shows that the 5L-6 50-6 motor
operating at a flow rate of 200 GPM will have an output power
of 65 HP at a differential pressure of 60 0 PSÌ. The full load
differential pressure is 900 PSÌ.

8.4.4 Torque Curve
The Torque Curve shows torque in FT-LBS as a functi on of
differential pressure in PSÌ. T his is a linear relationship and is
not dependent on flow rate. The full load differential pressure is
also identified.
For example, the above curve shows that the 5L-650-6 motor
operating at any flow rate will have a torque output of 2,900
FT-LBS at a differential pressure of 500 PSÌ. The full load
differential pressure is 900 PSÌ.
8.4.5 Reading The Curves Together
Reading the curves together provides a complete picture of the
operating characteristics of a certain motor.
For example, using the Speed, Power and Torque Curves
presented in Sections 8.4.2, 8.4.3 and 8.4.4 respectively, the
5L-650-6 motor, operating at a differential pressure of 700 PSÌ
and a flow rate of 350 GPM, will have the following operational
Rotational Speed = 160 RPM Output Power = 120 HP
Torque = 4,000 FT-LBS

8.5 Motor Specifications Summary Sheet

Motor Size
inch (mm)
Stages Speed rev
per gaI
FIow Rate gpm
Torque ft-Ib
2 1/16 (52)
4:5 7
20-50 (76-189) 200-730 310 (420)
5:6 3 4.444 (1.176) 25-45 (95-170) 50-200 220 (298)
2 7/8 (73)
5:6 3 2.600 (0.686) 40-100 (152-379) 100-260 690 (936)
7:8 4 2.917 (0.771) 60-120 (227-454) 100-350 1,000 (1,356)
3 1/8 (79) 7:8 4 2.917 (0.771) 60-120 (227-454) 100-350 1,000 (1,356)
3 1/2 (89) 5:6 3 1.500 (0.396) 70-160 (265-606) 100-240 960 (1300)
3 3/4 (95)
1:2 4 3.929 (1.038) 60-140 (227-530) 200-550 650 (881)
5:6 3 1.368 (0.362) 80-190 (303-719) 100-260 1,340 (1,817)
9:10 4 1.071 (0.283) 60-140 (227-530) 50-150 1,550 (2,100)
4 3/4 (120)
5:6 3 0.700 (0.185) 100-250 (379-946) 70-175 2,110 (2,861)
5:6 4 0.700 (0.185) 100-250 (379-946) 70-175 2,810 (3,810)
5:6 5 0.700 (0.185) 100-250 (379-946) 70-175 3,515 (4,766)
5:6 6 0.700 (0.185) 100-250 (379-946) 70-175 4,220 (5,722)
7:8 3 0.600 (0.159) 100-250 (379-946) 40-150 2,835 (3,844)
9:10 4 0.700 (0.185) 100-250 (379-946) 70-175 4,960 (6,725)
5 1/2 (140) 5:6 4 0.500 (0.132) 200-400 (757-1,514) 100-200 4,220 (5,722)
6 1/2 (165)
5:6 4 0.360 (0.095) 200-500 (757-1,893) 75-180 4,910 (6,657)
5:6 5 0.360 (0.095) 200-500 (757-1,893) 75-180 6,625 (8,982)
5:6 6 0.360 (0.095) 200-500 (757-1,893) 75-180 6,900 (9,355)
9:10 3.7 0.140 (0.037) 200-500 (757-1,893) 20-70 12,000 (16,270)
9:10 4 0.360 (0.095) 200-500 (757-1,893) 50-180 10,900 (14,786)
6 3/4 (172)
3:4 6 0.500 (0.132) 250-600 (946-2,271) 90-300 7,500 (10,169)
5:6 4 0.300 (0.079) 250-600 (946-2,271) 80-180 5,535 (7,500)
5:6 5 0.300 (0.079) 250-600 (946-2,271) 80-180 6,690 (9,070)
5:6 6 0.300 (0.079) 250-600 (946-2,271) 80-180 7,840 (10,630)
9:10 2 0.300 (0.079) 250-600 (946-2,271) 50-180 8,000 (10,847)
9:10 4 0.300 (0.079) 250-600 (946-2,271) 50-180 12,400 (16,812)
7 3/4 (197)
5:6 4 0.200 (0.053) 300-900 (1,135-3,407) 80-180 8,485 (11,500)
5:6 5 0.200 (0.053) 300-900 (1,135-3,407) 80-180 10,475 (14,200)
5:6 6 0.200 (0.053) 300-900 (1,135-3,407) 80-180 12,465 (16,900)
9:10 4 0.200 (0.053) 300-900 (1,135-3,407) 80-180 14,800 (20,000)
8 1/2 (216)
5:6 4 0.180 (0.048) 400-1,000 (1,514-3,785) 80-180 11,655 (15,800)
5:6 5 0.180 (0.048) 400-1,000 (1,514-3,785) 80-180 14,460 (19,600)
5:6 6 0.180 (0.048) 400-1,000 (1,514-3,785) 80-180 17,260 (23,400)
9 5/8 (244)
3:4 6 0.208 (0.055) 500-1,200 (1,892-4,542) 100-250 22,800 (30,913)
5:6 4 0.208 (0.055) 500-1,200 (1,892-4,542) 100-250 16,155 (21,900)
5:6 5 0.208 (0.055) 500-1,200 (1,892-4,542) 100-250 16,915 (22,935)
5:6 6 0.208 (0.055) 500-1,200 (1,892-4,542) 100-250 17,100 (23,185)
11 1/4 (286) 3:4 4 0.120 (0.032)
100-180 17,500 (23,727)

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