MODUL JUSS‘A’ PMR ( Jawab Untuk Semua Subjek ‘A’





Panel Penggubal:
1. Pn. Yang Hameza Meor Abdul Rashid 2. Pn. Siti Jawahir Skh. Abu Bakar 3. Pn. Rahimah Ibrahim 4. Pn. Sharida Shafie 5. Cik Farhani Suhimi



Text Completion / Rational Cloze Examination tips
Before the examination 1. Master the rules of grammar, particularly on items commonly tested in this section: - verbs - pronouns (he, she, it, they, etc) - subject-verb agreements - relative pronouns (who, whose, which, etc) - prepositions (beneath, on, at, through, etc) - articles (a, an, the) - conjunctions (and, but, because, etc) - adjectives (pretty, good, enormous, etc) - tenses (present, past, future) - modals (can, will, shall, etc) - sentence connectors / linkers (thus, moreover, however, etc) - adverbs (quickly, immediately, gracefully, etc) 2. Do a lot of practices for this section. 3. Read widely. You need to have a good command of vocabulary to do well in this section. Use a dictionary to help you find the meanings of difficult words or phrases. During examination 1. Read through the whole passage to get an idea of what it is all about. If you do not understand, read it again slowly and carefully. 2. While reading, look out for clues that may help you in identifying the best answer. (Check for the tenses used and the grammatical keywords.) 3. Next, study the words or the sentences that come before and after the blanks. These words may provide you with important clues to get the best answer. 4. Try fitting each option into the numbered blank. Be extra careful. The correct phrase should be grammatically and logically acceptable. 5. Sometimes, the answers are very close. Choose the best answer for each blank. Cross out the options that are clearly incorrect. 6. Finally, when you have finished, read through the passage again to make sure your answers are grammatically correct and the passage itself makes sense.


the Conjunction (Kata Hubung) Interjection (kata seruan) and.g. on. Preposition (Kata Sendi) Article a. slowly. along.: The cat walks slowly and quietly. animal. however. thing. phrases or clauses.Grammar : Parts of speech Parts of speech Definition A word that names a person. around. moreover. am. hospital.g. between A word that gives more information about a verb. orange.: Ali likes durian. He is eating it now beautiful.g. apple. our. kitten. frog e.: The cat jumps over the fence.g. very. place. A word that joins two or more words. run.g. onto. concept or activity or idea. carefully e. about. is . an adjective or an adverb A word that shows relationship between a noun or pronoun with another word in a sentence A word that is used before nouns. she. we. tall. it. Uncountable nouns (nU) : Nouns that cannot be counted Countable nouns (nC) : Nouns that can be counted A word that describes an action or state Examples Noun (kata nama) tree. red. therefore. A word used to show strong feeling. inside. at. was. blue. eat. The definite article (the) is used for both countable and uncountable nouns. near. jump. shout. they. below. although Ouch! Wow! Ah! Ops! Hey! 5 .: A beautiful clever girl quickly. : the cat climbs. clever. e. Indefinite articles („a‟ and „an‟) are used with singular uncountable nouns only. fast. under. Verb (kata kerja) Pronoun (ganti nama) Adjective (sifat nama) Adverb (sifat kata) A word that takes the place of a noun A word that describes a noun or pronoun talk. he. but. kind e. towards. or. I. an . so. itself e.

: Ali is improving.: The water is boiling.g.: She is always singing the same song. d) To show a progress e.: The owl hunts at night.: Aina always sleeps early.: I am visiting my grandmother this weekend.: The two brothers are always quarrelling.: The teacher is teaching now.g.g. Singular (verb) eat catch lie .g. d) To show future action that is part of a schedule / timetable e.: Mother goes to market twice a week.: The boys are playing in the field.g.g.g. e. c) To declare something or make observations e. b) To express a fact or truth e.: The train leaves in five minutes. 6 .: That book belongs to Ali. c) To show a future action that is a part of a plan. e.: They are going camping next week. e. e.g. b) To show an action that is happening.g. e. e.g.g.g. e.------------eats catches lies Plural (verb) I You ---------------He She It We You They eat catch lie The Present Continuous Tense The Present Continuous Tense is used: a) To show a habitual negative action ( done regularly) e.Grammar rules : Tenses The Simple Present Tense The Simple Present Tense is used: a) To show a habitual action ( done regularly) e.: He always comes to school early. e.g.g.

7 .g.: Someone has stolen her purse.: He has lived here since 2009. (usually with the word „just‟) e.: Ali was a teacher.) d) To describe an action or situation that has happened but the time reference is not given.g.g.g. e. e. c) To connect the result of a past action to the present.g. (She does not have the purse with her now. e.g. e.: I went to Johor last year. Singular I You --------He She It have ------has (verb past participle) Plural (verb past participle) have eaten caught lied We You They eaten caught lied The Simple Past Tense Simple Past Tense is formed by the past tense form of the verb.g. Tan has just arrived home from work.: I have known Siti for ten years.: Mr. Uses of the Simple Past Tense include: a) To describe an action or situation that has completed in the past. b) To describe an action which happened in the past with a time reference.Singular I ------You ------He She It am ------are ------is ( verb + ing ) Plural ( verb + ing ) eating catching lying We You They are eating catching lying The Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Tense is formed by using ‘has’ or ‘have’ with the past participle. Uses of the Present Perfect Tense include: a) To describe an action or situation that ended a short time ago.: Ali spoke to the teacher yesterday. e. e.: Ali has taken his lunch.g. e.: They have decorated the hall. b) To describe an action which started in the past and continues up to the present (usually with the expressions „since‟ and „for‟) e.g.

e. Singular I He She It ------You ( verb + ing ) Plural ( verb + ing ) was ------were eating catching lying We You They were eating catching lying 8 . d) To show two actions taking place at the same time in the past.: The teacher was teaching.: While the boys were playing football.g.g. e.g. e.: While Ali was singing.c) To show habitual past action.g. the girls were playing netball. e.: The girls were discussing their project when they heard a scream.: Ali was reading when I visited him.: The two brothers were always quarrelling. e. e.g. c) To show an action that was happening at a specific moment in the past. e. his brother was playing the guitar.g. Singular I You He She It (verb) Plural (verb) ate caught lied We You They ate caught lied The Past Continuous Tense The Past Continuous Tense is used: a) To show a habitual negative action in the past. e.: We swam in the river when we were young.: The boys were playing in the field. e. e. b) To show an action that was happening at a time in the past.: They always stayed at our place when they visited us.g.: She was always singing the same song.g.g.g.

: I had cooked dinner before my parents came home. Singular I You He She It (verb past participle) had Plural (verb past participle) had eaten caught lied We You They eaten caught lied Future Tense The Future Tense is used: a) To show a planned action for the future.: I will buy the book tomorrow. I would not have missed the bus.: Ali will talk to the teacher later. e.g.: If only I had not scolded my brother. he would not be crying. the event that happened first is in the past perfect tense while the second event is in the simple past tense. e.The Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense is formed by using ‘had’ with the past participle. Uses of the Past Perfect Tense include: a) When two events happened in the past. b) with the conditional „if only‟. Singular I You He She It will (base form verb) eat catch lie Plural We You They will (base form verb) eat catch lie 9 .g.g.: If only I had listened to your advice to leave early.g. e. e. e.g.

You will invite me again. Thank you very much. I don’t mind ___(5)___ my mother in the shop. One of the workers has ___(3)___ and my mother __(4)__ not been able to get a new worker. I was very happy to receive your letter ___(1)___ me to join you and your family for a holiday in Port Dickson. My mother __(7)__ also promised to give me more money to spend. ___(10)___ you? Do take good care of yourself and happy holidays! Bye. Dear Margaret.Practice 1 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. I have ___(6)___ how to make many kinds of cakes. Your friend. I wish I could accept your ____(2)_____ but I have to help my mother in her cake shop. Shirley 1 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D invite invites inviting invited invitation invites inviting invite leave leaving left leaves has have having had help helps helped helping 6 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D learn learns learnt learning has is have was spend spends spending spent give gives gave given will can won‟t can‟t 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 10 . I think I’ll save half of what my mother ___(9)___ me. I’ll be rich! But I’m going to ___(8)____ everything. I know I shall miss all the fun in Port Dickson.

John Selvam and his brother. I hope I’ll feel better tomorrow. They were very good at telling jokes.Practice 2 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. She is very (7) . I have (9) too much. It was wonderful to (1) her again after more than ten months. I think I’ll go to bed now and try to (10) . I think I’ve been very greedy this evening. But she is (3) the same friendly and understanding person I used to (4) . I was also (6) to Sabrina Yusof. I also made some new friends tonight. Richard. My stomach is starting to feel terrible. made me (5) almost the whole evening. I’d like to get to know her (8) . I like her very much. 1 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D sees see seen saw grown grew grow grows never sometimes still maybe know knew knows known laugh laughed laughing laughs 6 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D introduce introduced introducing introduction proud dishonest lazy friendly good better best always eat ate eats eaten sleep sleeping slept asleep 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 11 . 20 February 2012 This evening I attended Siew Cheng’s birthday party. We share many hobbies. She has (2) much taller and slimmer.

Nasri was born in Cha’ah and he (3) there until Year 6. after a few days. Although they (7) have to walk a lot. He (2) four sisters and a young brother. 1 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D is are was were having have had has studied study studies studying looking look looks looked do does did doing 12 6 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D travels travel travelled travelling have has had having liked liking like likes were was are is hoping hoped hope hopes 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 . he gets bored because there (9) nothing to do except sleep and eat. Nasri (5) like being in Kuala Lumpur. There are no big shopping malls to visit. When Nasir goes back to Cha’ah. which is a small town in Johor. He misses his family and (4) forward to going back during the school holidays. He normally cycles around and visits his old friends and relatives. Then he moved to a boarding school in Kuala Lumpur in Form One. he (8) the peace and quiet there.Practice 3 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. Nasri lives in Kuala Lumpur. they do not mind. They (6) around by bus which is cheap and convenient. He enjoys living in a big town and (10) to study there until he gets into university. However. There are so many things to do. He has gone to the cinemas with his friends and they have visited the public libraries. They are all still studying in primary school. His family members (1) back in Cha’ah.

which are all in good condition. They cater to all children. Malay and Chinese books. Books are getting really expensive these days. Rental rates (9) as low as RM3 to RM12 for a rare title.Practice 4 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. Such stores stock a huge (5) of English. there are now many rent-and-buy bookstores (4) cater to bookworms. the latest Harry Potter book (1) at RM89. teenagers and adults who are hooked (6) reading. There (7) Enid Blyton adventure stories. Sweet Valley High novels and Archie comics for children. and even books that range (8) medical thrillers to espionage. Each book is rented out for 90 days. 1 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D is was sells costs affect effect effort afford his they their theirs to can will for chose choice choices choose 6 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D in on at for is are has have beyond beside across from start starts started starting by from after before 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 13 . for adults. Books returned (10) the due date are charged for a second rental period. For example.90. How many people can (2) that? Where else can children who are interested in reading get (3) reading materials? Well.

many roads are (2) because of flood waters. The people are (6) (5) more residents in low-laying areas to these to keep tuned to the radio for news on the weather. Residents have been (4) centres. trees have been (10) . heavy rain has also been up-rooted and roof tops blown away. In Kampung Pencala. (9) . Efforts are now being made to relief centres. Tonight the main news is all about the weather. friends or at relief centres set up in community halls and schools. The sea is expected to be rough with strong winds blowing from the Small fishing boats are advised to stay (8) Elsewhere.Practice 5 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. no one was hurt. (7) of the sea. Storms are (1) in all parts of the country. from the sea during the storm. The affected families are now staying with their relatives. In Kota Bharu. The Kelantan river to higher grounds or out up at relief has (3) its banks again. Good evening. 1 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D seen reported expected forecast jammed diverted closed destroyed broken poured destroyed overflowed evacuated helped rescued taken carry take direct move 6 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D told required asked advised angle middle point direction put away in back seen expected reported falling Expectedly Hopefully Incidentally Fortunately 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 14 .

I need to be _______ (3) netball practice from 4. is a bit too _______ (6) for me. : Oh! I see. See you tomorrow then. ________ (8) that is not possible. C these D those C don‟t D doesn‟t C with D during C mine D your C after D before C rushed D faster C instead D however C but D and C slower D quicker C will D won‟t 15 A can B can‟t A at B on A her B our A at B for A rush B fast A only B when A so B or A later B earlier A could B couldn‟t 6 7 8 9 10 . : No problem. I’m sorry but I _______ (2) make it for class next Tuesday. So.30 p. : Can I have my class on Saturday evening _______ (7)? : Sorry. __________ (1) is Arina.30 p.Practice 6 Read the dialogue below and answer the questions that follow.00 p.m. Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina : : : : : Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim 1 2 3 4 5 A this B that Hello. : In that case. Can you come at 2. : Thank you. on Tuesday? : Yes.15 p. I need to change the time of ________ (4) music class. I only get home at 1. : On Tuesdays. at 2. I am fully booked by other students on Saturdays.m. So. my first class is at 3.00 to 6.m. Arina. Hello. I’ll change it to 2. can I have my class slightly _________ (9).15 p.40 p. Miss Lim. that ________ (10) be possible. ________ (5) your class? : I think 2.m. may I please speak to Miss Lim? Speaking.30 p.m. Are you coming to class on Tuesday? Miss Lim.m. Arina.m. Miss Lim.

3. D 7. B 7. 4. 8. D Practice 2 Practice 6 1. A 4. B 9. A 5. A 10. B 2. 7. 5. C D C A B B B D A 16 . C 4. 2. A 2. A 4. C Practice 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 C A C A D C A A B C 1. C 3. B 7. A 1. D 6. B 2. D Practice 4 1. A 7. C 5. B 2. A 3. D 4. D 3. A 5. D 8. C 10. C 8. D 10. D 8. C Practice 3 1. 9. B 6. A 8. B 9. 6. B 6. A 6. B 5.Answers Practice 1 10. D 9. D 10. B 3. C 9.

READING COMPREHENSION Notes for teachers: 17 .

each carrying 1 mark. Where . Identify the keywords from the questions: a. When . GUIDELINES 1. 2. Why.time 3.PMR WATCH 1. 2. Read the questions first then the passage. some questions will be set to test at the „knowledge‟ level (not necessarily in the first paragraph). Reading comprehension is tested in Paper 1 (Questions 27 – 40) of the 2012 PMR English paper. Normally.reasons b. Six questions (Questions 27 – 32) are based on a non-linear text and eight questions (Questions 33 – 40) on a linear text. There are 14 questions. Who . TIPS AND TECHNIQUES Types of questions:  Direct questions ~ Locate specific information and supporting details  Vocabulary questions ~ Understanding words and phrases ~ Contextual clues  Inferential questions ~ Contextual clues  Analytical questions ~ Theme ~ Main idea 18 . The rest of the questions are asked in sequence. what .people d. Vocabulary – identify words/phrases used within the context. Students can get the answers directly from the passage. c.

 These mosquitoes acquire/get the virus while feeding on the blood of an infected person. How is Dengue transmitted?  The Dengue virus is transmitted to humans through bites of female Aedes mosquitoes.  After 8-10 days of incubation. What are the signs?  Dengue fever is a flu-like illness with high fever. Then answer the questions that follow. What can you do to prevent or control Dengue? Make sure your house is free from Aedes mosquitoes by:  getting rid of containers.Practice 1 Read the following poster carefully.  using insecticide such as ABATE when storing water. muscle and joint pains and rashes.  It is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world.  spraying insecticides in the house to kill the hidden mosquitoes. metal drums. an infected mosquito can transmit the virus to humans. It seldom causes death. tyres while natural containers include leaves and fruit shells).  Dengue haemorrhagic fever may cause death. that can breed mosquitoes (man-made containers include flower pot base plants. Remember: Prevention is better than cure! 1 Dengue fever can be found in A B C D tropical countries only sub-tropical countries both tropical and sub-tropical countries all countries around the world 2 Dengue fever is transmitted through A B C D bites of mosquitoes bites of Aedes mosquitoes bites of female mosquitoes bites of female Aedes mosquitoes 19 . pain behind the eyes. DENGUE FEVER What is Dengue?  It is a disease caused by the Aedes mosquito. both man-made and natural. plastic food containers. headache.  The lifespan of a mosquito is between 15 to 65 days and it will infect as many people as it possibly can while it is still alive.

for success comes to those who do not quit. but persevere. I‟ll keep my eyes peeled for advertisement and will let you know if I come across any worthwhile competitions. After all. you will succeed. There may be times when things do not work out. continue to brush up on your skills. With determination and hard work. so look out for opportunities. and tell him to be that ru nner. 16 June 2012. Keep on practising and participate in more competitions to hone your skills. I‟m sorry to hear that your brother James did poor ly in his recent exam. Remind him about the story of the runner who didn‟t give up. Continue to develop your talents and help James discover his. Your uncle. Do not be discouraged. John. 51000 Kuala Lumpur. and I shall drop by to speak to him. Dear John. study them and develop your own style and individuality.3 How long can Aedes mosquitoes live? A B C D 8-10 days 8-15 days 15-20 days 15-65 days 4 All of the following are signs of dengue fever EXCEPT A B C D high fever headaches nausea rashes 5 ABATE is A B C D a man-made container a type of mosquito a spray an insecticide 6 The best explanation for Prevention is better than cure is A B C D prevent the Aedes mosquitoes from spreading you cannot cure dengue fever from infecting humans it is easier to prevent a cure using insecticide it is better to be careful first than to try to solve a problem after it has happened Read the following letter and answer the following questions. and help him with his studies. 128. Congratulations on winning the second prize in the national-level Petronas Art Competition. Tell him not to be sad but to take his ‘failure’ as a challenge to strive for better results the next time. John. there may be times of hardship. which Aunty Molly told both of you. help him overcome the difficulties he faces in his studies. As his elder brother. Taman Sepakat. I‟ll be meeting you in person in less than ten days‟ time and we‟ll have the opportunity to talk. I must really commend you on your ability to write. Talking about persevering. Make sure that he understands his lessons and encourage him to seek help from teachers or friends. Well. I think you‟ve heard enough from me for the time being. along your way to success. I‟ll be going to Johor Bahru on a business trip next weekend. Meantime. Francis 20 . Observe techniques used by great artists. Your parents must be proud of you. In the meantime. Exposure to higher level competition will spur you to achieve greater heights. advise him to study hard. Thank you for your letter which I received two days ago.

7 John is Francis‟s A niece B uncle C cousin D nephew John can improve his art by doing the following except A painting constantly B joining more national-level competitions C visiting art galleries to study paintings done by other artists D look through the newspapers for announcements on art competitions Molly and Francis maybe related in the following ways except A B C D brother and sister husband and wife uncle and niece cousins 8 9 10 The following are reasons why Francis wrote the letter except A to condemn B to encourage C to congratulate D to express concern The word persevere refers to A study B tolerate C carry on D be polite The phrase to take his ‘failure’ as a challenge can best be described by the saying A Look before you leap B A stitch in time saves nine C Failure is the mother a success D Don‟t count your chicken before they are hatched John helps his younger brother by A going on a business trip B meeting Uncle Francis to talk to him C observing the techniques used by great artists D advising him to study hard and get help from teachers and friends Select the correct statement. A Francis is a businessman B John‟s future in the field of art is bleak C James performed superbly in the recent exam D Aunt Molly is encouraging Francis to persevere in whatever he does 11 12 13 14 21 .

Mr. Turn into this road. on your left. I need to go to Seaview Hotel. Do you have a piece of paper? Mr. Grahame wanted to go to A B C D the post office Seaview Hotel Iskandar‟s house Jalan Mawar 2 A crossroad is a junction where A B C D two roads meet four roads meet all roads end in a cross it is dangerous to cross 22 . There is a road beside the clinic. here it is. Turn right here and walk straight down until you come to a crossroad. You will soon come to a T-junction. This is Jalan Mawar. Seaview Hotel is here. of course.Practice 2 Read the dialogue below and study the map given carefully. Iskandar : You’re welcome. Mr. You have to walk down this road and then turn left at the roundabout. then answer the questions that follow. Grahame : Yes. It’s not far from here. I’ll draw a map for you. You will see some shops on your right and left. Can you tell me the direction? Iskandar : Yes. Seaview Hotel is along Jalan Mawar. Thank you. Grahame : Oh dear! I’m confused. Then turn left. You will see some shops and a clinic on your right. 1 Mr. Grahame : Excuse me. Could you repeat the directions while I write everything down? Iskandar : I’ve a better idea. Now you will be in Jalan Melati. That’s very kind of you.

I do have a fair bit of work to do every morning and I like to finish before the sun comes up. After that. Pak Ngah? I am normally up by 5 o‟clock in the morning. Otherwise. Are you sure you want to get up so early? You are on holiday. C at six thirty D at five p. You also milk the cows and goats. Danial. goats and cows first. Danial : Pak Hassan : What time should I rise and shine tomorrow morning. I am quite excited about my first working day in a kampung tomorrow. Pak Ngah? Well. I will go to bed but I am not sure I can sleep. Can I help? You can try. What can I help you with. You can help me to collect the chicken eggs and feed the chickens and ducks. That‟s right. I will only be here for a few days. so I have to listen to him. I usually feed the chickens. it gets too hot to work fast. Good night.3 Iskandar asked for a piece of paper because he wanted to A B C D draw a map write the directions down write his address draw a picture of Seaview Hotel 4 What is opposite Seaview Hotel in the map? A B C D Supermarket An office building A shopping complex A medical centre 5 The dialogue is mainly about A B C D Seaview Hotel how far Seaview Hotel is directions to Seaview Hotel the buildings near Seaview Hotel 6 What is the large building along Jalan Melati as shown on the map? A B C D Stadium Permai Medical Centre Swimming pool A supermarket Read the dialogue below and answer the questions that follow. you know. He is my older brother. if you are not too tired. Don‟t you want to sleep in? your father wants you to relax. No problem. Oh. Danial : Pak Hassan : Danial : Pak Hassan : Danial : Pak Hassan : Danial : Pak Hassan : Danial 7 : Pak Hassan usually wakes up A early in the morning. We have to be ready to go to the market by six thirty. B after the sun rises. I know you have a lot of work to do. Good night. The cockerels will be crowing bright and early even if you oversleep. ducks. we can pick the vegetables for the market. please. It may not be easy at first but you can learn.m 23 . I want to help you with your chores. That‟s easy. so we have to work quickly. Pak Ngah. Pak Ngah.

A This passage tells us of a farmer‟s difficult life. C feeding the chickens D spending his holidays These are the chores that Pak Hassan needs to do except A milking the cows and goats.8 Danial is Pak Hassan‟s ……. B getting up late every morning C being a farmer in his life. B the animals do not like the hot sun. D going to bed late. Danial will be learning to A milk the cows B go to the market C pluck the vegetables D collect chicken eggs Pak Hassan wants to finish his chores before the sun rises because A it is easier to work in the dark. 9 10 11 12 13 14 24 .. A working for him. D he wants to be at the market by six thirty in the morning. Danial is excited about A helping with the chores on his uncle‟s farm. A cousin B son C niece D nephew Why is Danial staying with Pak Hassan? He is ……. B picking the vegetables C feeding the livestock D sleeping in At the village. C This passage shows that life in a kampong and a town is different. B planning to relax. B This passage is about the adventures of a boy from a big town. C the hot sun makes it difficult to work quickly. Choose the incorrect statement. D This passage gives us an idea of what a day in a kampong would be like.

Practice 3 Read the following text and answer the questions that follow.

Twin sisters, May Lin and Sher Lin were very excited. They would be going to a new school in a few days’ time. But at the same time they were also very nervous. They wondered whether they could do well in their studies. Their brother, Robert, had warned them: ‘There’ll be many more subjects and tons of homework!’ ‘Don’t worry,’ their mother told them. ‘If you plan out how you should spend your time, you will have enough time for work and play. So why don’t both of you plan your own timetables?’ The following day the twins showed their mother their timetables.


What advice did their mother give May Lin and Sher Lin? A They should study hard. B They should enjoy themselves. C They should make a class timetable. D They should plan how to spend their time. According to Robert, life at the primary school level is easier because A B C D there are fewer exams pupils need not study very hard the teachers give less homework pupils are allowed to go home earlier



Study the two timetables. Which of the following statements is not true? A May Lin has no hobby. B Both Sher Lin and May Lin play the piano. C Sher Lin‟s favourite hobby seems to be watching TV. D Compared to Sher Lin, May Lin spends more time revising her lessons. Which of the following statements is true? A B C D Sher Lin likes gardening. May Lin goes to bed later than Sher Lin. May Lin helps her mother to cook lunch every day. Sher Lin spends more time on her studies than on watching TV.




According to the timetables above, Sher Lin and May Lin can A B C D watch TV together do gardening together do homework together help mother in the kitchen together


What do you think Sher Lin‟s mother would say to her when she looks at her timetable? A B C D I‟m glad you like gardening. I didn‟t know you could play computer games. Do you plan to do your homework at 3.00 pm? Don‟t you think you are spending too much time watching TV?

Read the passage below carefully. Then, answer the questions that follow. The two salesgirls continued talking though one of them could see Encik Husni approaching the counter. He had to wait a full five minutes before Mei Ling, one of the salesgirls, turned to him with a bothered look on her face. “I wonder if you could show me the latest range of belts for me,” Encik Husni enquired. Mei Ling lazily pointed her finger and curtly said, “They are over there.” Then she resumed her conversation with her salesgirl friend. As soon as she was sure Encik Husni was not within earshot, she complained, “Did you see how shabbily he was dressed? He must be blind too, as the belts are just around the corner, and he missed them. Some people have the nerve!” At closing time, Miss Chan the sales supervisor walked over to Mei Ling‟s counter and asked if a Malay man had approached her for some belts. “Yes, as a matter of fact he did,” replied Mei Ling. “Well, I hope you showed him our range and pampered him with the service our company is so famous for. Encik Husni is the new chairman of our company,” Miss Chan said with a smile. Mei Ling swallowed a gulp of air. She told herself she would say a prayer as soon as she got home. It would be disastrous to lose her job over this.


According to the text above, Mei Ling is a A supervisor B customer C salesgirl D cashier The salesgirls were …… when Encik Husni arrived. A tagging items on offer B folding clothes C checking stock D talking When Encik Husni approached the counter, Mei Ling should have A ignored him completely B pretended not to see him at all C continued talking to her friend D stopped talking and attended to him





The phrase “not within earshot” means A could not reach the ear B could not listen carefully C unable to hear from a specific distance D unable to touch the ear from a distance Instead of merely pointing her finger to show Encik Husni where the belts were kept, Mei Ling ought to have A made fun of his dressing too B asked her friend where it was C accompanied him to where the belts were D offered to show him where the belts and shirts were According to the passage, Encik Husni was A ill-treated B given a treat C treated shoddily D treated with respect




We can infer from the passage that A Mei Ling is Miss Chan‟s subordinate B Mei Ling will be punished for her inaction C Encik Husni was desperate to see the latest range of belts for men D Encik Husni wanted to learn more about the day to day operations of the company


It is obvious that Mei Ling A will change her ways B treated everyone fairly C provided excellent customer service D did not recognize the new company chairman


Practice 4 Read the label below and answer the questions that follow.

GG Instant Milk Power For Good Health and Strong Bones GG skim milk powder is made from cow’s milk. So it is rich in protein and calcium. It is very low in fat – it contains only 0.7% milk fat. GG skim milk also has all the important vitamins you need for good health. All you have to do is drink just two glasses a day. Directions: Add 1 part GG skim milk powder to 4 parts warm or cold water. Stir. GG milk powder dissolves instantly. For even better taste, keep overnight in the fridge before use. Keep lid tightly closed and store in a cool dry place. Recommended price: Peninsular Malaysia – RM 12.99 East Malaysia – RM 13.99 Manufactured in New Zealand Packed in Malaysia for W&T Dairies (M) Sdn. Bhd. 16, Jalan Semangat, 46700, Petaling Jaya, Selangor. Tel: 03-7566611

750 g
Warning: Not suitable for babies


According to the label, what can GG instant skim milk powder do for us? A It is very easy to use. B It contains vitamins. C It is made from cow‟s milk. D It helps to make our bones stronger. GG instant skim milk is best for A babies B fat people C teenagers who are too thin D people with strong bones



If you want GG milk to taste better, you must A add vitamins B add more milk powder C leave it overnight in the fridge D drink it warm as soon as you make it 28

the workshop‟s trainees are taught to undertake part-time work such as assembly and packaging. which runs on a non-profit basis. These people are neither dangerous nor crazy. Several local manufacturing concerns sometimes utilize the trainees‟ know -how and expertise for contract jobs. Festival days and trainees‟ birthdays are always special occasion at the workshop. several parents volunteer to take the trainees out on field trips and excursions. It is just that the brain of the mentally disabled does not have the ability and power to perform as well as a normal person. D a New Zealand product. 29 . However. however. Others feel that there is no point in sending these children to schools or institutions because they do not realise the potential that the children have of leading a normal life if the required disciplines and skills are learned and put into practice by these children. Her principal aim is to provide the disabled with opportunities and avenues to learn daily living skills and to pick up work-related expertise. caters to those aged 16 years and above. The trainees also run a jumble corner where used clothes and second hand household items are put up for sale. Normal people do not have to fear mentally retarded or mentally disabled people. in many cases their abilities are not known because no one had tried to tap the potential in them. C exported by Malaysia. B made in Petaling Jaya. located in Taman Melaka Raya in Melaka. Parents and well wishers turn up at the workshop to join in the celebrations and bring cheer to the trainees. There are several voluntary organizations which take in young disabled children and teach them how to live almost normal lives and be part of society. mentally disabled teenagers and young adults are taught to handle certain responsibilities that prepare them to fit into society while developing healthy lifestyles. Some do this because of embarrassment or because they are concerned that these children might get hurt when exposed to the outside world. At the workshop. B GG milk powder is not made from goat‟s milk. The workshop is managed by Pam Anand. This enables them to earn a small but meaningful income. The workshop. besides recreational and educational activities and programmes. Many families still keep their mentally disabled children at home.4 Which of the following is false? A This tin of milk powder weighs 750 g. To stimulate social outdoor activities. Some mentally disabled people are quite gifted in certain ways. The workshop serves as a day-care centre for working parents with special children. also has several volunteers who drop in to help out regularly. GG instant skim milk powder is A packed in New Zealand. According to Pam. The word overnight means A for a night B for many nights C over two nights D a fortnight 5 6 Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. According to the label. D The price of GG instant skim milk powder is the same everywhere in Malaysia. The Joy Training Workshop. C You can use cold or warm water to dissolve GG milk powder.

B They take in people who are sixteen years and above. whose mental ability and power is better than normal people‟s brains 8 Some families keep their mentally retarded children at home for the following reasons except A they are embarrassed of these children.” B “…the workshop‟s trainees are taught to undertake part -time work such as assembly and packaging.7 Mentally retarded people are those A B C D who are dangerous who are gifted in certain ways whose brains do not function as well as normal people‟s brains. C They only take in children who are below sixteen years of age. B they believe that these children would not be able to lead normal lives C they know that these children can be taught to lead almost normal lives D they are worried that their children might get hurt if they are on their own How is Joy Training Workshop different from other voluntary organizations for mentally disabled or retarded people? A They take in people who are not retarded.” D “The trainees also run a jumble corner where used clothes and second -hand household items are put up for sale.” The trainees are taken on field trips and excursions to A help them to relax B teach them about fields and excursions C show them what to do when they go out on their own D help them learn to mix around freely with other people in public places The phrase „ non profit basis‟ in the last paragraph means that the workshop A makes a lot of profit from running the workshop B does not earn any money by providing training C spends a lot of money on the workshop D gets a lot of donations from volunteers 9 10 11 12 13 14 30 . D They do not allow people who are not retarded into the workshops. C “Several local manufacturing concerns sometimes utilize the trainees‟ know -how and expertise for contract jobs. The trainees at the Workshop learn A where to do part time work B how to take care of retarded people C how to become experts and gifted people D how to live a normal life and earn their own money The word principal in paragraph four means A main B opinion C standard D headmistress Which of the following statements from the passage states that the trainees are sometimes paid for the work they do at the workshop? A “This enables them to earn a small but meaningful income.

C The admission fee to the food and fun fair is RM10. 2 3 Seng Hock wants to do his part for the needy but he has no money. Calling all caring citizens!! Jointly organized by Perlis Girl Guides Association and Puspanita in aid of the Kenangan Orphanage and Kenangan Old Folks Home. Date : October 8. 2012 Time : 8. Volunteers needed. What can he do to show his support? A Make a donation to Perlis Girl Guides Association B Buy tickets C Volunteer to help out D Ask his friends to go to the food and fun fair All proceeds go to charitable organizations means A only members of charitable organizations can proceed and help out B money and donations collected will be given to charitable organizations C various charitable organizations will be present at the food and fun fair D charitable organizations will sell food during the food and fun fair 31 4 . B It will be held in the town hall from morning till night. D There will be a lot of food on sale.00 pm Venue : Kenangan Official opening by the Chairman of Kenangan Charity Organisation Highlights  Cultural performances!  Food from all over the world! Adjacent parking lot is available.00 per booklet from the organizers / ticket booth / the entrance.Practice 5 Read the poster below and answer the questions. contact organizers at 05-2738826 • Attractive prizes • Movies! 1 The purpose of the poster is to A inform the public about the food and fun fair B convince the public to go to the town hall C urge the public to support the food and fun fair D make the public volunteer during the food and fun fair Which statement is NOT true about the food and fun fair? A It is organized by the members of Puspanita and Perlis Girl Guides Association.00. All proceeds go to charitable organizations. Get coupons at RM10.00 am -9. Donations welcome. send to Puspanita /Perlis Girl Guides Association.

thick smoke and intense heat prevented her from reaching them at first. Mastura‟s other grandchild and her neighbour‟s child cried out for her in fear. noise and flames. A B C D the fire took place in the morning the houses were burned on purpose firemen battled the flames for more than an hour no one managed to save anything 8 The expression risked her life means A B C D Mastura could have died in the fire Mastura helped to control the blaze Mastura enjoyed risks and challenges Mastura did not value her life 9 The words below can be used to describe Mastura except A B C D neighbourly daredevil self-sacrificing impulsive 32 . she emerged. hands and back when she rushed into her burning house to save three children during a fire at a squatter settlement in Kampung Serindit here today. risked her life to save her two grandchildren and a neighbour‟s c hild whom she was baby-sitting. about 100 people were made homeless and 19 homes destroyed. Minutes later. However. “I ran back into the house and headed straight for the cradle where my six -month old grandson was sleeping. Sat. described as one of the worst in the district since 1996.” Awakened by the heat. adding that she wouldn‟t know what to do if she hadn‟t been successful. hands and back. 7 According to the newspaper report.5 Below are the reasons for going to the food and fun fair EXCEPT A there will be many things to see B it will be crowded there C we can do our part for the needy D we can enjoy ourselves there The word adjacent in the poster means A in front of B at the back of C opposite D next to 6 Read the following newspaper report and answer the questions that follow. I rushed out and noticed my kitchen engulfed in flames. Before I could do anything. – A grandmother suffered burns on her face. Mastura carried her grandson out to safety. “I had just put them to sleep when I heard someone shouting that my house was on fire. 20 firemen in 3 fire engines who rushed to the scene after receiving a distress call at 3.10 pm took 95 minutes to bring the blaze under control. but with the two children in tow. there was an explosion and the flames quickly spread to other parts of the house. Kuala Pilah. slightly burned on her face. Mastura Rahman. Mastura lost all her possessions in the fire but she is glad she managed to save the children.” says Mastura. then re-entered the burning house despite efforts and pleas to restrain her. In the fire. 63.

Mastura felt glad because A B C D she lost all her belongings her grandchildren were safe 100 people were made homeless 19 homes were destroyed 13 The word engulfed as used in the passage can best be replaced with A B C D swallowed up came out caught on stood out 14 The best headline for the newspaper report is A 20 firemen battled fire in Kg Serindit B 100 made homeless in fire C Grandma saved three D Grandma hurt in fire 33 .10 The children cried as they were A B C D afraid awakened abandoned hot 11 Mastura‟s neighbours try to restrain her from entering the house for A B C D they were afraid of her it was dangerous to enter the house they thought she would not have been able to save the children the firemen could save the children 12 According to the passage.

B 10. C 12. D 4. D 6. C 8. D 11. D 7. D 14. B 13. C 4. D 2. C 6. C 5. C 2. D 9. B 12. B 10. D 14. D 8. B Practice 3 1. B 5. C 12. C 6. A 14. A 13. A 12. A 14. A 11. C 6. C 2. B Practice 5 1. D 9. B 2. C 8. D Practice 4 1. D 7. A 14. B 13. D 6. C 10. A 4.ANSWER Practice 1 1. A 9. B 7. D 5. D 7. C 13. A 7. A 11. C 9. D 10. D 5. A 12. C 13. A 4. C 8. C 4. D 11. B 3. D 3. C 3. C 11. A Practice 2 1. C 3. D 2. A 8. D 9. C 3. C 34 . D 10. A 5.


Values/Lessons . Look into the literary elements: . place and people/characters/societies ♦ Main characters – the person around whom the story revolves ♦ Minor characters – other people in the story ♦ Lessons/moral values . Understand the keywords and phrases NOVEL: The Railway Children – Edith Nesbit Novel Areas to focus on: ♦ Plot – the outline of the events in the story ♦ Theme – idea around the story ♦ Setting – the time.Mood .Poetic Devices .LITERATURE COMPONENT POEMS: Candidates will be given one of the six poems studied from Form 1 to Form 3 Form 1: The River – Valerie Bloom Mr.Persona 2.Themes .Tones . Shanmughalingam Form 3: A Fighter‟s Lines – Marzuki Ali Leisure – William Henry Davies Poems 1. Nobody – unknown Form 2: I Wonder – Jeannie Kirby Heir Conditioning – M.

What is the tone of the poem? 4.POEMS Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. if he knows? Jeannie Kirby Answer the following questions 1. Name two things that the persona wonders in the poem? 7. I WONDER I wonder why the grass is green. And makes the lightning flash about? Who paints the rainbow in the sky. Where can the missing bit be found? Who lights the stars. Where is the persona in the poem? 5. That Dad won’t tell me. do you suppose. What poetic device is “…the trees to take a rest?” 8. And why the wind is never seen? Who taught the birds to build a nest. Why is the poet always wondering about the nature? 6. And told the trees to take a rest? O. when they blow out. What does the word wonder mean? 3. And hangs the fluffy clouds so high? Why is it now. when the moon is not quite round. What is the theme of the poem? . Who is the person in the poem? 2.

6. 3.Suggested answers 1. 5. 7. Child/young boy/boy Unsure/not sure Earnest/curious Open place/park/garden/field Wants to know how such things happen/alerts/sensitive of surroundings Any two themes Personification Appreciate nature/nature is beautiful/ curiosity of a child towards the nature/aware of surroundings . 8. 2. 4.

Which type of life would you prefer to live in? Give a reason. What is the symbol of olden life? 4. Shanmughalingam 1. Who are involved in the poem? 6. Give two moral values that you know from the poem. What did the persona highlight in the second stanza? 5.Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. What is the symbol of modern life? 3. What do these symbols represent? a) Paper fans b) Air cons c) Money . stress. What is the poem about? 2. What is the tone of the poem? 7. traffic jams destruction of forests. 9. M. HEIR CONDITIONING Grand dad did you breathe before air cons were invented was it hard staying alive without modern inventions? Grandma weren’t you flustered as you fluttered with paper fans? Could you communicate before faxes and long distance calls became basic necessities? Grandchild we lived before your age. 8. streams and hills we feared God and nature now nature fears you and money is your new God. Because of our ignorance. we did not know pollution.

grandfather Serious/naïve/eager Any suitable answer Any suitable answer a) paper fans-simple life b) air cons. 5. 9. 3. 6. grandmother. grandparents/child.Suggested answers 1. 4. 7.present life/modern life c) money. About life (modern/olden)/past life/present life Air cons/faxes/long distance calls Paper fans Living without modern technologies/easy life/life without modern gadgets Child. 2. 8. grandma/child. grand God in present life/materialistic .

He just cannot be still. The River The River’s a wanderer. As he dances along. The River’s a winder. And sounds like he’s happily Sucking his thumbs. The countryside echoes The notes of his song. 5. The River’s a singer.Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. The River’s a baby. What is the poetic device used? Which stanza tells you that The River is threatening? What is the tone of the poem? What word tells you that The River is angry? Why does the poet compare The River to a wanderer or a tramp? What is your opinion about The River? . 7. a tramp. 6. And he buries down deep Those little treasures That he wants to keep. He gurgles and hums. The River’s a hoarder. 2. 3. Through valley and hill He twists and he turns. 8. 4. What is the theme of the poem? The word „he‟ in the above poem means… The River is having the qualities of human beings. A nomad. He’s gobbled up trees And he’ll swallow you next Valerie Bloom 1. The River’s a monster Hungry and vexed. He doesn’t choose one place To set up his camp.

The joys Nature brings/Nature is both beneficial and destructive/Nature has its simple charms/The River is a natural source of life (accept any other suitable answer) 2. 7. River Personification/metaphor Last stanza/Stanza 6 Cheerful/happy/joyful Vexed Moving/non-stop Any suitable answer . 8. 6. 3. 4. 5.Suggested answers 1.

That kettles cannot boil. Nobody. The ink we never spill. Mr. We never leave the blinds unclosed. As quiet as a mouse. prithee. Nobody. Nobody? 2. Who leaves the door ajar. Who is Mr. don’t you see. Nobody. The finger marks upon the door By none of us are made. the boots That lying round you see Are not our boots – they all belong To Mr. And all the carpets soil. He puts damp wood upon the fire. That squeaking door will always sqeak. Nobody. We leave the oiling to be done By Mr. To let the curtains fade.Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. He pulls the buttons from our shirts. Nobody I know a funny little man. What is your feeling about Mr. Author Unknown 1. The papers always are mislaid. ‘Tis he who always tears our books. His are the feet that bring in mud. Nobody? 3. And yet we all agree That every plate we break was cracked By Mr. . Who does the mischief that is done In everybody’s house! There’s no one ever sees his face. For. Nobody? Give your reasons. Who had them last but he? There’s no one tosses them about But Mr. Do you like Mr. And scatters pins afar.

Mr.4. What actions that can be considered as mischief at home? . Nobody? 8. Nobody is blamed for: a) b) 5. What is the tone of the poem? 7. What kind of person is Mr. Which line and stanza shows the poetic device simile? 6.

Any suitable answer. Stanza 1 line 2 6.Suggested answers 1. Any suitable answer from Stanzas 1. 3. 4.3 and 4 . A person who behaves badly/ someone who does naughty things/someone who is making mischief in everyone‟s home/ a mischief maker. Humorous tone 7. 2. Any suitable answer from the poem. 5.2. Any suitable answer. A guilty person 8.

A Fighter’s Lines I am old and worn And have lost all my strength Sufferings And the history of the fight for independence Have forced sacrifices That know no name Or life From the wheelchair of the rest of my days I. The phrase „sons of our ancestor‟ means… 5. Why does the persona feel helpless? 8. In the name of justice Wake up and form ranks sons of our ancestor Be brave And erect a wall of people Stand up heirs of our freedom I have no more voice It is you now who should speak! Marzuki Ali 1. What will happen if the younger generation does not do anything? 6. What is the tone of the poem? 3.Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. What is the theme of the poem? 2. body and energy crushed See and cannot do much These times are too big a challenge For the remnants of my crippled years The net of deceit spread everywhere Disturbs me. The phrase „the net of deceit‟ refers to… . What can we learn from the poem? 7. Why does the persona have lost his strength? 4.

Young generations/current generation 5. Corruption/cheat (other suitable words or phrases) . He has been fighting and has sacrificed for freedom/ badly wounded/became crippled for the rest of his life/ has been suffering because he has been fighting for independence. Any suitable answer 6. Gloomy/depressing/patriotic/worry 3. He is old and crippled/ tired and weak 8. (any suitable answer) 4.Suggested answers: 1. We should love our country/ should be united/ should fight for our rights 7. Fight for justice/freedom/patriotism/independence 2.

No time to see. Leisure What is this life if. Streams full of stars.Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. A poor life this if. how they can dance. How can we appreciate the Nature? 5. State the activities that you can do during leisure: a) b) 7. What does the word „leisure‟ mean? 4. full of care. No time to see. No time to stand beneath the boughs And stare as long as sheep or cows. What type of life do we have today? 3. 2. when woods we pass. in broad daylight. And watch her feet. No time to turn at Beauty’s glance. William Henry Davies 1. We have no time to stand and stare. What have you learnt from the poem? . Who is the persona in this poem? 6. like stars at night. The expression as long as sheep or cows is used as a… 8. No time to wait till her mouth can Enrich that smile her eyes began. We have no time to stop and stare. full of care. Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass. Name the type of this poem.

(any other suitable answer) . 5.Suggested answers 1. 2. 4. 7. Couplet Busy life Rest/relax/enjoy Looking/seeing/observing Young person/adult/man/youth Any suitable answers (2) Simile The simple things in life/happy life/we must have free time/we must enjoy our life/we must find time for leisure. 8. 6. 3.

Provide evidence to support your answer Relate the lesson learnt with your personal life. Suggested outline of the answer Name / choose the novel Write on one lesson that you have learned. write on one of the lessons that you have learned. write about a moral value that you have learned. Support your answer with evidence from the text. . Give evidence from the novel to support your answer. Give evidence from the text to support your answer. write about one helpful character. Suggested outline of the answer: Name / choose the novel Mention / write on one theme that you know from the novel. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer.NOVEL 1 In the novel The Railway Children. Give reasons for your choice. write about a character that you find most interesting. Suggested outline of the answer: Name / choose the novel Write a moral value that you know from the novel chosen Provide evidence to support your answer. Suggested outline of the answer:  Name / choose the novel  Write one character who shows being helpful  Provide evidence / reasons from the novel 3 Based on the novel The Railway Children. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer. write about one of the themes. 4 Based on the novel The Railway Children. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer. 5 Based on the novel The Railway Children. Suggested outline of the answer:     Name/ choose the novel State one interesting character from the novel Give at least 2 reasons why the character is interesting Provide evidence from the text. 2 Based on the novel The Railway Children.

write about a sad incident in the novel. write about an event that makes the characters feel happy. Provide evidence from the novel to support your answer.6 Based on the novel The Railway Children. Provide evidence from the novel to support your answer. Suggested outline of the answer: Write one sad incident Provide evidence to support your answer . Suggested outline of the answer: Write one of the events in the novel which makes the characters feel happy Give evidence from the novel 7 Based on the novel The Railway Children.

blurring evidence. lacks cohesion Vocabulary very limited Mechanics of writing – numerous errors .MARKING CRITERIA FOR SECTION B – LITERATURE (NOVEL)   EXCELLENT 11-12       CREDIT 8-10       ACHIEVEMENT 5-7        WEAK 3-4         Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details well-developed. well-organised with evidence form text. Varied sentence structures (simple and compound) Wide and apt vocabulary Accurate use of language Accurate mechanics of writing Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details largely developed. organised and supported with evidence from text Varied sentence structures (simple and compound) Vocabulary wide enough Largely accurate use of language Largely accurate mechanics of writing Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details sufficiently developed with some organisation and supported with some evidence from text Sentence structures lack variety (simple structure dominates) Adequate vocabulary used Sufficiently accurate use of language Fairly accurate mechanics of writing Requirements of task partially fulfilled Ideas lack development and organisation with minimal textual support – mere narration Sentence structures mostly simple with errors that hamper reading Vocabulary limited Language is barely accurate with errors that hamper reading Inconsistent mechanics of writing VERY WEAK 1-2 Requirements of task hardly fulfilled Hardly any development of relevant ideas or textual support High density of errors.


GRAMMAR DRILLS Sentence Construction 1) Simple sentence a) It must have at least one object and one verb Subject + Verb : To show what happened in the story Subject He She It I You We They Verb slept (in the room) smiles (at me) died (yesterday) will go (to Langkawi) were shopping (there) have arrived (at the jetty) are playing (football) Subject + Verb + Object : To show action done on someone/ something else. Subject He She It I You We They thanked praises is looking at scolded make will read eat Verb me him her them coffee books durians Object b) Subject + was / were + ing : To show what was happening in the story (past continuous tense) Subject I He She It You We They Verb (to be) was was was was were were were + ing reading playing fishing sleeping playing fishing sleeping .

although. nor. since. and. so. place or time Subject He She It I You We They Verb (to be) was was was was were were were Descriptive (adj) happy worried hungry surprised angry cold young 2) Compound sentence A compound sentence is a sentence with 2 simple sentences joined by a conjunction.c) Subject + was / were + what : To describe people. after.) Subject You Ali Ali Verb can take played played Object a bus football football Conjunction or and but Subject you Maria Maria Verb can take went played Object a taxi shopping netball 3) Complex sentence A complex sentence is a sentence or a phrase joined by one or more simple sentences. yet. or when or a relative pronoun such as that. who. A complex sentence always has a connector such as because. things. The conjunctions are as follows: for. Subject He Teacher They Verb handed in returned stopped Object his homework the homework studying Connectors that after before Subject he she Maria Verb had completed noticed left Object yesterday the error them . (Tips: The first letter of each conjunction when put together forms the word „FANBOYS’. or which. or. but.

Remember to use all the points given. Also. 3. how to elaborate on the points given). 6. Always read the question carefully and highlight what you need to do (task).Past Tense Singular (verb) Plural (verb) I You He She It shouted sang lied We You They shouted sang lied Analysis of PMR Guided Writing Questions YEAR 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Informal Letter Giving opinion Speech Report based on pictures Informal Letter based on notes given Story based on pictures Speech based on poster about safety in school An Article – A visit to old folks‟ home Story based on pictures SECTION A General Guidelines for GUIDED WRITING [25 marks – 40 minutes] 1. 8. Include an introduction (may copy from the question and check if you need to change the pronoun) and a conclusion. 4. Use WH. Vary your sentence structures so that your essay is not dull and monotonous. Use the 40 minutes wisely: Use 5 minutes to plan your essay and organise your thoughts (what to write. 7. 2. . Remember to give relevant details or elaborate the points given. Then.questions to help you develop your points. Check the tone/pronoun needed. Read through your written piece and edit it. make sure your paragraphs are well-organised. use 30 minutes to write and 5 minutes to edit. 5.

. I am honoured to be given this opportunity to talk on 'Health is Wealth'...........................................…............ ............................................................................................................... ................. Thank you... …................................................................ Dear Yati................... 9 MAY 2012........ FORMAT OF AN INFORMAL LETTER 66........................ teachers and fellow students.........................30 a... ........................................... Lorong 8...................... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………….........FORMAT OF A SPEECH/TALK Good morning to the principal............. Christine (Secretary of Drama Club) ........................................................................ Yours sincerely.....…...... 40 students and ………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………… Reported by..... Ani FORMAT OF A REPORT A VISIT TO OLD FOLKS' HOME At 8..........…............................................................................................ Diamond Park. .................................................. …...........................................................…...........m............................ 08000 Sungai Petani...... Kedah........ …..................…................

............. FORMAT OF A RECOUNT As I was walking home................... ..... …............................................................................ …................................ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………...................................................................................................FORMAT OF AN ARTICLE Health is Wealth Which is more important? ………………........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Eric FORMAT OF A STORY It was raining heavily....................... Written by............ ….................................................................... …............. …................. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………….................................

.............................. I shall write again when I have time.............................................................................. 2 June 2012 Salutation Dear Fadzle............................................................ 01000 Kangar................................................ ............. Ammy Ending & Signature .... Do write to me again after your examinations............................ Until then............ That will be for now.................... (is used if you have a close relationship with someone................ Perlis............ like your family or best friend) Opening Remarks How are you? I hope you are fine I received your letter yesterday / a few days ago Closing Remarks What a surprise to hear from you How are you? I am sorry I couldn’t write earlier.............. I hope to hear from you soon... Do write soon................. 1.. good luck in the exam! Writer‟s Address Date Opening Remarks The Content Closing Remarks Your friend..........LETTER-WRITING Guidelines Greeting / Salutation Dear ……… Dearest and My dearest …… (is most often used) (are usually used only for people you love) My dear …... ....... The Format Please send my warmest regards to your family. ................ It was a wonderful surprise to hear from you………………… ..... Jalan Bukit Lagi........ ...................................

EVENTS: Teacher’s Day Celebration : Word list/ Glossary for Exercises 1.2 and 3. Word List advice (noun) advise (verb) aim/purpose/objective appreciate appreciation assembly celebrate/celebration ceremony chairman cheer/cheered clapped concert decorate/decorated delicious deliver (a speech) disperse/dispersed district education gather/gathered grand guest-of -honour guidance help officiate prepare/prepared present/presents presented principal proudly render speech state anthem/national anthem various wakil win/won Meaning in BM nasihat menasihat tujuan/matlamat/objektif menghargai penghargaan perhimpunan meraikan upacara pengerusi bersorakan tepuk (tangan) konsert menghias sedap menyampaikan bersurai daerah pelajaran berkumpul meriah tetamu kehormat bimbingan bantuan merasmikan bersedia hadiah menyampaikan pengetua dengan bangganya memberi ucapan lagu negeri/lagu kebangsaan pelbagai representative menang .

Exercise 2 INFORMAL LETTER: MODEL QUESTION You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. 6. 10. 2. 8. 3. My school ____________________ Teacher‟s Day last week. 7.30 a. 1. We sang the National Anthem. Use these notes in your letter:  Assembly at 7. 5. The students _______________ most of the games.concert When writing your letter :  you may use all the notes  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  add any other relevant information  make sure it is not less than 120 words (25 marks) . 4. The _______________ started at 7. The teachers and students played _________________ games. The __________________ gave a speech. Your school celebrated Teacher‟s Day last week.Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete the following sentences.30 am     Speech by principal – gave advice to students Aim of celebration – show appreciation to teachers Speech by head prefect Activities carried out – games –class parties . The head prefect thanked the teachers for their __________________ and advice. “Negaraku” and the state _________________ .m. Write a letter to a friend to describe this special occasion. The principal ___________________ us to study hard. 9. The aim of the __________________ was to show appreciation to teachers. We had a _________________ at the school hall.

Speech by principal – gave advice to students 3.INFORMAL LETTER: (Notes for teachers) BEFORE WRITING. 2. Assembly at 7. No 1 Ideas / Points given Assembly at 7. Speech by head prefect 5. Aim of celebration .m. always remind your students to ask a few WH-questions to help them elaborate on the points appreciation to teachers 4.30 a. WH Question * Where did the assembly take place? * Who attended the assembly? * Was anybody invited? Who? 2 Speech by principal – gave advice to students Aim of celebration – show appreciation to teachers 4 5 Speech by head prefect Activities carried out – games – class parties . Activities carried out – games – class parties – concert .m.concert * What was the main message of the speech? * What advice did the principal give? 3 * Why do students have to study hard and develop good qualities? * What was the content of the message? * What games were played? * What did the winners get? * What was the food prepared? * What did you have in the concert? Singing? Dancing? Remind students to use these points in their answer: 1.30 a.

Then. We should thank our teachers. How about the Teacher‟s Day celebration in your school? Do tell ---. We won hampers. Finally. Finally. How are you? I hope you are fine. He __________ us to study hard and be good students.g. the teachers and students played some ___________ games like football. Mei Ling . The ____________ started at 7. The Point 1 (assembly) Point 2 (speech) Point 3 (Aim) Point 4 (head prefect‟s) speech Point 5 ( Activities) Dari soalan – tukar gantinama „Your’ kpd „My‟. The students _________ most of the games. My family and I are doing just fine. My school _____________ Teacher‟s Day last week. After that. Jalan Raja. Then the head prefect gave a speech. the ____________ gave a speech. He also told us that the aim of the _____________ was to show appreciation to teachers.m. We sang _________ and the state anthem.(remember to give a suitable me about it in your next letter. Take care and bye.30 a. chairman of the PTA (PIBG) also came. 123. I took part in the concert. Task : Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.Sample Answer 1 ** Note the simple connectors e. throwing balloons and other games. 02600 Arau Perlis 22 June 2012 Dear Maslinda. we had a ___________ in the school hall. We were very happy that day. After that. He thanked the teachers for their ___________ and advice. After 12 noon. Many students came that day. ending ) Your friend. My class bought a big _______ for the class party. I sang Michael Jackson‟s „Beat It‟. After 12 noon.

30 a. First.m. My family and I are doing just fine. we ate the food that we had brought from home such as fried noodles. At the parties. He thanked the teachers for their __________ and compassion all this while. Then the Head Prefect delivered a speech. we had an ___________ in the school hall.Exercise 3: Fill in the blanks with suitable words. He reminded students to study hard and develop good qualities. We also sang. At the end of the speech. Activities on that day started at 7. The school principal __________ a speech. The students won most of the games. Jalan Raja. danced and played indoor games. football. That was the most exciting event of the day. How about the Teacher‟s Day celebration in your school? Do tell me about it in your next letter. we clapped loudly to show our appreciation to our teachers. Your friend. some outdoor games were played. we were all tired but happy because we had had a whale of a time that day. 123. This was followed by our class parties. Teachers and students played __________ interesting games like sack race. After 12 noon. This is our way of showing our ____________ to our teachers for their hard work. How are you? I hope you are fine. My school ____________ Teacher‟s Day last week. 02600 Arau Perlis 22 June 2012 Dear Indra. cakes and sandwiches. The principal and all the teachers were seated on a colourful and nicely-decorated stage. He also recited a poem entitled “KASIH GURU”. I enjoyed playing „Musical Chairs‟. The final event was a concert. Popular songs were rendered by some students and traditional dances were performed by the Cultural Club. Azmilia . By then. Take care and bye. throwing balloons and other relay games.

well-decorated   Speech by principal – congratulated students – advised students to study hard Aim of celebration – to reward students for their hard work .choir presentation  Prize giving ceremony – by guest-of-honour – The District Education Officer Prizes for a) good academic results b) active participation in co-curriculum c) service to the school d) full attendance to school  Closing .Exercise 4 You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. an Indian dance) . Write a letter to a friend to describe this special occasion.  Performance by students – cultural dances by students of various races ( Malay dance. a Chinese dance.a refreshment at the canteen When writing your letter :  you may use all the notes  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  add any other relevant information  make sure it is not less than 120 words (25 marks) . Use these notes in your letter:  Students and guests gather at the hall – hall. Your school held the annual Prize Giving Day last motivate students to work harder .you won a prize – second position in the class.

7. Report On An Event-Wordlist for Exercises 1. 6. Know who you are writing for. When you have understood the notes given. Reports can be divided into a few types ( school magazines. You may use your own ideas to make the report more interesting. 3.REPORTS General guidelines 1. 2. Check your spelling. Each main idea should have some supporting ideas. 5. Arrange your points in paragraphs. Read the question given carefully. This allows you to write with your readers in mind. Word List announced audience ceremony cheer/cheered disperse/dispersed district education free/freed gather/gathered grand jubilantly march/marched most awaited occasion officiate organise/organised participant practise prepare/prepared principal proudly receive/received remind/reminded spectator speed support various warm up wave/waved win/won Meaning in BM umumkan penonton upacara bersorakan bersurai daerah pelajaran membebaskan berkumpul meriah dengan penuh gembira. 9. 4. newsletters and newspapers) Reports are usually brief and written in simple language. Give your report a suitable title and write your name at the bottom on the left. expand these notes. 8. 2 and 3. berkawad yang dinanti-nanti peristiwa merasmikan menganjurkan peserta mengamalkan bersedia pengetua dengan bangga menerima mengingatkan penonton memecut menyokong pelbagai memanaskan melambai menang . punctuation and grammar. Understand the short notes given.

the green house. The field events such as high jump and long jump started first. They marched proudly past the VIP and the audience. These were the most awaited events of the day. The spectators shouted to [8]________________ their sport houses. Reported by: Rahman Rahman b. There was a march past by the uniforms units and sports houses. When the referee shot to the air. On this day the State Education Director came to [3]___________________ the Sport Day. SMK Merpati [1]________________ a Sport Day. The winners [9]______________ medals and trophies. Overall. the [6]_______________ of various events started to [7]__________________ their bodies. 200m and relay events. the Senior Assistant of Co-curriculum reminded everybody to clean up the school field. The sport houses teams were in tracks suits and caps. Everyone cheered and clapped their hands. we enjoyed this sport day very much. everyone [5]_____________ at the field. It was a grand [2]______________ of the school. The green houses won in most of the events. Teachers and students prepared for the sports day several days before. he reminded every student to practise good sporting spirit. The last trophy was given to the Champion. There were flags and buntings everywhere in the school. Selvaraja was [10]_________________ as the male athlete while Fatimah Alias was the female athlete. Abdul (Secretary of Sports and Recreation Club) . Finally.Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete a report on an event. The principal gave away the presents. Before we [12]__________________. They brought their mascots along and waved at the audience. This was followed by 100m. the participants speed on their tracks. A REPORT ON SPORTS DAY On 15 June 2012. After the march past. it was time for the prize giving ceremony. Next. When he freed a pair of pigeons into the air. The team members cheered [11]__________________. the [4]_______________ cheered happily. In his speech.

write a report for your school magazine about your experience during the cross country event at your school.Exercise 2 Using the pictures and notes below. Gathered – briefing – rules – safety waved flag – started to run followed tracks – 4 check-points – tickets reached – finishing line – winners received trophies – happy – red house – champion before leaving – clean up – field .

30 am – prize giving ceremony winners – received trophies red house – announced – champion members of house – clapped – cheered happily before dispersed – principal – reminded – clean up school field all students – together – collected rubbish – cleared everything students – enjoyed the day Introduction Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Ending .officiate – cross country. 8.00 am – students gathered – school field.Exercise 3 Note Expansion : Construct meaningful sentences for the words below last week – school – organized – cross country. teacher – students – prepared – several days. flags – buntings – schools – grand occasion. first – senior teacher – gave briefing – rules – reminded – safety before run – students – warm up President of Parents and Teacher Society . he waved flag – students cheered – started to run students ran steadily – followed the track after 2km – found check-points students – collect tickets – to ensure – correct route one hour – some students – reached finishing line first 10 students – winners most – from red house finally – 11.

(The prefix re means again. eg. He saw many people there. When it was dark. I went to the beach last week. . etc. Recounts can be written in the first or third person‟s point of view. Next. I went to the beach last week. after that. Many of them were playing in the water. eg. I saw many people there. Language Features   Recounts are written in the past tense.  Sequence connectors are often used in recounts to narrate events in a chronological order. following this. people started packing their things. The events in a recount are often in a chronological order (or the order in which the events happen). 3rd person point of view – An observer or a third party is telling or writing the recount. then. Imaginative recounts – retelling a fictitious or imaginary event. I went to the beach last week. Structure   There is always a setting of a scene in the opening or introduction eg. Types of Recount Personal recounts – a recount of an experience in which the writer is personally or directly involved Factual recounts – a recount of an event or incident such as a newspaper report. 1st person point of view – The event or experience is happening to the person writing the recount. Johan went to the beach last week. eg. I picked up my things and left. So to recount is to tell again).RECOUNTS Purpose The purpose of a recount is to retell or recount events or past experiences.  The recount will always have a closing statement.

FLOOD: Word List Word abandon alert banks belongings casualties contaminated critical current dangerous diseases distribute/distributes/distributing/ distributed dive/dives/diving/dived drag evacuate/evacuates/evacuating/ evacuated expose/exposes/exposing/exposed flash flood food shortage grab/grabs/grabbing/grabbed heavy rain / downpour inadequate level low area meteorological department overflow overjoyed pack plight relief camps relief centre rescue/save rescuer rise/rises/rising/rose roof safe scream severe shelter shut down struggle/struggles/struggling/ struggled supply swift / rapid swiftly / rapidly thunderstorm trauma victim weather forecast Meaning in BM meninggalkan amaran kecemasan tebing harta benda kecederaan tercemar kritikal /teruk arus bahaya penyakit mengagihkan menyelam menarik memindahkan mendedahkan banjir kilat kekurangan makanan memegang / merangkul hujan lebat tidak mencukupi/ kekurangan aras kawasan rendah jabatan kaji cuaca melimpah sangat gembira kemas /bungkus pahit getir / kesusahan kem bantuan tempat/ pusat bantuan menyelamat penyelamat naik bumbung selamat menjerit sangat teruk tempat berlindung menutup/ memberhentikan meronta-ronta bekalan cepat/laju dengan cepat/laju rebut petir pengalaman buruk/dahsyat mangsa ramalan kaji cuaca .

The water ___________________ us along. The villagers were _________________________ to see us. Siti‟s mother ___________________ for help. We climbed to the ____________________ of our house. There was _________________ for many days.Activity 1: Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete the following sentences. 6. 9. 4. 11. I swam to her and ____________________ her. We packed our _______________________. 14. The river _____________________ its banks. 13. I ________________ into the water. 10. The men took us to a ________________________________ . I _____________________ a branch and pulled myself up. 3. 5. There was ____________________. 12. The water was flowing ___________________. 2. 8. . 1. 7. I saw a _________________ boat.

C1 C2 heavy rain – river overflowed C3 banks – village flooded C4 C5 my family – packed important belongings – C6 climbed roof – house – C7 saw neighbours C8 C9 five-year-old girl – fell into C10 water – mother screamed – I C11 C12 dived – grabbed her C13 swiftly flowing water – C14 C15 dragged along – spotted tree – C16 C17 grabbed branch – sat long time C18 C19 saw boat – shouted loudly – C20 rescued C21 C22 school – everyone overjoyed C23 – parents thanked me Taken from Fajar Bakti . Based on the pictures and notes given below. fill in the blanks to complete a recount of what happened.Activity 2: Heavy rain had caused a flood in your village.

C1 C2. C3 C4. We saw many of our neighbours also sitting on the roofs of their houses. I quickly grabbed a branch and pulled myself and Siti up. Siti. I swam to Siti and ________________ her. fell into the water. Then. C5 C6 C7 C8. C13 C14. C11 C12. my family and I quickly packed all our important _________________. I shouted loudly and luckily the men in the boat saw us. there was ____________________ for many days. I immediately ______________ into the water. I saw a boat.C15. Everyone was __________________ to see us.C16 C17 C18. The swiftly flowing water _________________ us along. Her mother _______________ for help. In the evening. Then. C23 . As the water rose. C9 C10. The men took us to the school where the rest of the villagers were. a five-year-old girl. we climbed to the ____________________ of our wooden house. We sat on the branch for a long time. Finally we were _________________. Siti‟s parents thanked me for saving their daughter. Suddenly. I spotted a tree.Sample Essay: Last week.C19 C20 C21 C22. Soon the river _________________ its banks and the village was flooded.

the scenery was so beautiful that we stopped to take some photographs. Although the hill slopes were steep and jagged and the hike up was a real challenge. The rustling of the leaves and the sounds made by the animals sounded like a strange musical piece. crisp mountain air. Nizam. Our class teacher. the highest peak. all the students gathered in the school with our bags. accompanied us on the trip.00 a. The view of the lush green scenery and the variety of exotic flora and fauna was a real treat. we braced ourselves for another challenging activity – the canopy walk. As soon as we arrived at our destination. On 24 May. It was a 42-seater air-conditioned bus. my class organized a trip to Taman Negara in Pahang. In fact. Pahang during the last school holidays. we were ready for the most exciting event – the climb up Gunung Tahan. .     24th May – gathered at school compound – left at 8. The next day. The bus arrived promptly. Although some of us were at first reluctant to walk at a height of 25 metres above the ground.m – checked into hotel. With the help of the notes you made in your diary. After a good night‟s sleep. 25th May – hiked up Gunung Tahan – lush green jungle – beautiful scenery 26th May – canopy walk – 400 metres long – exciting to walk 25 metres above the ground 27th May – packed things – got ready to go home – exhausted but happy When writing your recount:    use all the notes given elaborate on the notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words Sample Answer 1 During the first semester holidays. we were excited. write an account of the trip. It was a real thrilling experience to view the green jungle canopy.Sample Question 1 Your class went on a four-day trip to Taman Negara. En. We enjoyed the cool. we checked into a budget hotel. we gave in after much persuasion from our class teacher. we did not feel tired. Although the journey was five hours.

Aim of trip Area : to bring students closer to nature : 300 hectare mangrove reserve.covering . butterflies. We slept during the entire journey as we were exhausted.prepared for a difficult activity .very tired Exercise 1 The Nature Club of your school organized a two-day trip to the Kuala Selangor Nature Park in Selangor. Nevertheless.sound made by leaves when the wind blows .followed Lush Exotic Braced Canopy Rustling Exhausted . it was a very exciting trip. we packed our things and left for home. VOCABULARY Accompanied . 168 species of birds.The next day. varieties of reptiles. You made the following notes about the trip.growing well .attractive . insects Location Activities : two-hour drive from Kuala Lumpur : bird – watching Walk in the mangrove forest Slide shows. talks Firefly watching at night Accommodation : Firefly Park Resort When writing your recount:    use all the notes given elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words .

write a recount of your adventurous trip. .Exercise 2 During the holidays. you and your friends went camping. Based on the notes below.two friends and I – went on a camping trip – walked – reached a waterfall – .look for way back – not successful – came across a hunting party – rescued 23 May put up tents – gathered firewood – made a fire – had simple dinner 24 May jungle – got lost – spent the night in jungle – frightening sounds – insect 25 May When writing your recount:    use all the notes given elaborate on the notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words .woke up early – had breakfast – bathed at waterfall – went deeper into bites .

road names. 4. Read the question to decide the correct tense to be used. 2. Read the question to decide the correct tense to be used. grammar and facts. Make your description as interesting as possible. Make your description as interesting as possible. 6. Finally. rivers. buildings. 3. Include details of what you saw and did at each particular place. and any written information on the map. check your answer for errors especially in spelling. punctuation. grammar and facts. Expand your points. 4. Locate the starting point of the route (if any) and trace it to the end. 5. Look out for landmarks. Include details of what you saw and did at each particular place. Study the map carefully. 2. punctuation. check your answer for errors especially in spelling. 5.MAPS ROUTE MAP Guidelines 1. 3. PICTORIAL MAP Guidelines 1. Finally. Look out for arrows or a sequence of dates /time. Arrange your writing directions or series of events given. Study the map carefully. Expand your points. Remember to mention the route taken if the question requires. 7. Make use of them in your answer. according to the .

When writing your description:  use all the notes given  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  make sure it is not less than 120 words. Describe what you saw and did. you took a ride on the LRT (Light Rail Transit) to the Sega Mall.Sample Question 1 You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. During the school holidays. (25 marks) . Your cousin is eager to know more about your outing.

During the first part of the journey. . After the residential areas. It was not long before the train stopped at the next station. After this station. I bought a ticket from the ticket machine by following the instructions stated on the machine. I could see mostly residential houses. namely Taman Intan. The whole journey took only fifteen minutes. passing by a market and some residential houses before it stopped at the station in Sega Mall where I got down. a lot of students boarded the train as the station is near a private college named Supreme College. especially where there are junctions and traffic lights. Taman Mewah and Taman Damai. The passengers who got down probably worked at the two new multi-storey buildings. Then I waited for the train to arrive. I could see heavy traffic on certain parts of the roads. the train stopped at the station near commercial centre. It was truly a fast and easy way to travel. At this stop. the train continued on its journey. the train travelled parallel to the highway. They are Bangunan Besta and Good Tower For the next part of the journey.Sample 2 I reached the LRT station after a ten-minute walk from home.

Based on the map and notes given. write about the trip.Exercise 1 You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. Your friends and you went to Pulau Permai for a holiday. PULAU PERMAI Day one ferry to island – checked into Kalong Resort – sea view – water sports – dinner on the beach Day two sightseeing – orchid farm – fruit farm – ostrich farm – safari park – explored park – caves – barbeque on the beach Day three fishing – picnic by waterfall – jungle trekking – packed to leave – ferry to mainland When writing your description: .

let me introduce myself to you. I would like to introduce my topic today. Khalid from the Kangar Health Department. Boys and Girls. I am Adnan b. you should: Greet your audience Introduce yourself Introduce your topic Make your speech. Introducing the topic 1. use all the notes given  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  make sure it is not less than 120 words (25 marks) SPEECH Speeches are made during special occasions like school assemblies. student gatherings and other social occasions like weddings. I am going to talk on the topic “How to Keep Our Teeth Clean and Healthy.” . Good evening ladies and gentlemen. Thank you for giving me this opportunity to give a speech. Introducing Speaker) 1. Before I begin my talk today. Today. A very good morning to you all.” 2. Elaborate on your points Thank your audience Sample Sentences for Speech Opening Address (Greeting Audience. dinners and farewell parties. 2. Without wasting any more time. When making speeches. anniversaries. and that is “Qualities of a Responsible Prefect.

You have been asked to give a speech at your school assembly on how to defend your homes from burglars. Avoid keeping too much money or valuables in your house. safety-chain catch and good padlocks.Sample Question 1 There has been an increase in the number of robberies in your area. a peep hole. Have additional security devices like an alarm. . If you are going on holidays. windows and gates are locked before you go to sleep or before you leave the house. You have made the following notes:     Ensure that all doors. stop the delivery of newspapers.

a peep hole. Our lackadaisical attitude towards home security has resulted in burglars gaining easy entry to our homes. Having a peep hole and safety-chain latch will prevent unwelcome guests from entering your home. safety-chain latch and good padlocks. So my dear friends. We should have additional security devices like an alarm. I hope that we will pay attention to these preventive measures that we often overlook. How can we ensure the safety of our homes? First of all. we should avoid keeping too much money or valuables in the house. Keeping them in a bank is always a better guarantee for the safety of our valuables.went up. Sometimes we leave our grilles ajar and sometimes we leave our door keys dangling from the lock.Sample Answer 1 Good morning to our principal. increased . Statistics reveal that installing a burglar‟s alarm is the best investment for home security.stop prevention is better than cure – it is easier to prevent something from happen than to find a cure . Statistics provided by the Police Department revealed that cases of house-breaking had soared last year compared to the previous years.careless attitude . Today. Thank you. Remember “Prevention is better than cure”. teachers and friends. Greeting Introduction of the topic Additional information Main point Elaborate Main point Elaborate Main point Elaborate Ending Thank the audience VOCABULARY soared lackadaisical attitude halt . ensure that all doors. If you are planning to go on a holiday then make sure you halt the delivery of newspapers so that it does not seem obvious that there is nobody at home. I wish to give a talk on how to ensure the safety of our homes and prevent housebreaking. senior assistants. windows and gates are locked before we go to sleep or before we leave our homes. In addition.

Exercise 2 It is the English Language week in your school. Importance of English:  English is an International language  Important if you wish to further your studies in a foreign country  A lot of literature is in English  Many jobs require as a pass in English When writing out your speech:    use all the points elaborate on the notes make sure it is not less than 120 words.Exercise 1 You have been asked to give a speech entitled “Leading a Healthy Lifestyle” which is to be delivered during the school assembly. As the President of the English Language Society in your school. write out your speech. cut down on sweet food consume less oily food eat more vegetables and fruits exercise regularly. you have been asked to give a speech entitled `The Importance of Studying‟ during the assembly. have a hobby don‟t drink or smoke When writing out your speech:    use all the points elaborate on the notes make sure it is not less than 120 words. . Using the notes below.

Language is largely accurate with some serious and minor errors. Vocabulary is sufficient to convey meaning.MARKING CRITERIA FOR SECTION A – GUIDED WRITING AND BAND DESCRIPTORS BAND MARKS    EXCELLENT 21-25                 WEAK 6-10     DESCRIPTORS Task fulfilled with ideas and details well-developed and wellorganised Language is accurate with few minor errors and first draft slips. High density of errors. . Language is sufficiently accurate with frequent serious errors. ideas lack cohesion. punctuation and paragraphing. ideas adequately organised. Vocabulary is apt and widely used. VERY WEAK 1-5 Task hardly fulfilled. Vocabulary is limited. Varied sentence structures are used effectively to convey meaning. Simple and compound sentence structures are attempted. Interest of the reader is aroused but not sustained. Serious errors in mechanics of writing. CREDIT 16-20 Task fulfilled with ideas and details developed and organised. Interest of reader is aroused and sustained. Task partially fulfilled with ideas less developed. Accurate use of mechanics of writing. Almost always accurate use of spelling. Simple and compound sentence structures are accurate. Some errors in mechanics of writing. Vocabulary is wide enough but lacks precision. meaning is hardly conveyed. ideas lacking organisation. ACHIEVEMENT 11-15 Task fulfilled with ability to develop some ideas but lacks details. Language is barely accurate with frequent serious errors that hamper reading.

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