Table of Integrals


Basic Forms

x
n
dx =
1
n + 1
x
n+1
+ c (1)

1
x
dx = ln x + c (2)

udv = uv −

vdu (3)

1
ax + b
dx =
1
a
ln |ax + b| + c (4)
Integrals of Rational Functions

1
(x + a)
2
dx = −
1
x + a
+ c (5)

(x + a)
n
dx =
(x + a)
n+1
n + 1
+ c, n = −1 (6)

x(x + a)
n
dx =
(x + a)
n+1
((n + 1)x −a)
(n + 1)(n + 2)
+ c (7)

1
1 + x
2
dx = tan
−1
x + c (8)

1
a
2
+ x
2
dx =
1
a
tan
−1
x
a
+ c (9)

x
a
2
+ x
2
dx =
1
2
ln |a
2
+ x
2
| + c (10)

x
2
a
2
+ x
2
dx = x −a tan
−1
x
a
+ c (11)

x
3
a
2
+ x
2
dx =
1
2
x
2

1
2
a
2
ln |a
2
+ x
2
| + c (12)

1
ax
2
+ bx + c
dx =
2

4ac −b
2
tan
−1
2ax + b

4ac −b
2
+ C (13)

1
(x + a)(x + b)
dx =
1
b −a
ln
a + x
b + x
, a = b (14)

x
(x + a)
2
dx =
a
a + x
+ ln |a + x| + C (15)

x
ax
2
+ bx + c
dx =
1
2a
ln |ax
2
+ bx + c|

b
a

4ac −b
2
tan
−1
2ax + b

4ac −b
2
+ C (16)
Integrals with Roots


x −adx =
2
3
(x −a)
3/2
+ C (17)

1

x ±a
dx = 2

x ±a + C (18)

1

a −x
dx = −2

a −x + C (19)

x

x −adx =
2
3
a(x −a)
3/2
+
2
5
(x −a)
5/2
+ C (20)


ax + bdx =

2b
3a
+
2x
3


ax + b + C (21)

(ax + b)
3/2
dx =
2
5a
(ax + b)
5/2
+ C (22)

x

x ±a
dx =
2
3
(x ±2a)

x ±a + C (23)

x
a −x
dx = −

x(a −x)
−a tan
−1

x(a −x)
x −a
+ C (24)

x
a + x
dx =

x(a + x)
−a ln

x +

x + a

+ C (25)

x

ax + bdx =
2
15a
2
(−2b
2
+ abx + 3a
2
x
2
)

ax + b + C (26)

x(ax + b)dx =
1
4a
3/2

(2ax + b)

ax(ax + b)
−b
2
ln

a

x +

a(ax + b)

+ C (27)

x
3
(ax + b)dx =
¸
b
12a

b
2
8a
2
x
+
x
3

x
3
(ax + b)
+
b
3
8a
5/2
ln

a

x +

a(ax + b)

+ C (28)

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1

x
2
±a
2
dx =
1
2
x

x
2
±a
2
±
1
2
a
2
ln

x +

x
2
±a
2

+ C (29)

a
2
−x
2
dx =
1
2
x

a
2
−x
2
+
1
2
a
2
tan
−1
x

a
2
−x
2
+ C (30)

x

x
2
±a
2
dx =
1
3

x
2
±a
2

3/2
+ C (31)

1

x
2
±a
2
dx = ln

x +

x
2
±a
2

+ C (32)

1

a
2
−x
2
dx = sin
−1
x
a
+ C (33)

x

x
2
±a
2
dx =

x
2
±a
2
+ C (34)

x

a
2
−x
2
dx = −

a
2
−x
2
+ C (35)

x
2

x
2
±a
2
dx =
1
2
x

x
2
±a
2

1
2
a
2
ln

x +

x
2
±a
2

+ C (36)

ax
2
+ bx + cdx =
b + 2ax
4a

ax
2
+ bx + c
+
4ac −b
2
8a
3/2
ln

2ax + b + 2

a(ax
2
+ bx
+
c)

+ C (37)

x

ax
2
+ bx + c =
1
48a
5/2

2

a

ax
2
+ bx + c

3b
2
+ 2abx + 8a(c + ax
2
)

+3(b
3
−4abc) ln

b + 2ax + 2

a

ax
2
+ bx + x

(38)

1

ax
2
+ bx + c
dx =
1

a
ln

2ax + b + 2

a(ax
2
+ bx + c)

+ C (39)

x

ax
2
+ bx + c
dx =
1
a

ax
2
+ bx + c
+
b
2a
3/2
ln

2ax + b + 2

a(ax
2
+ bx + c)

+ C (40)
Integrals with Logarithms

ln axdx = xln ax −x + C (41)

ln ax
x
dx =
1
2
(ln ax)
2
+ C (42)

ln(ax + b)dx =

x +
b
a

ln(ax + b) −x + C, a = 0 (43)

ln

a
2
x
2
±b
2

dx = xln

a
2
x
2
±b
2

+
2b
a
tan
−1
ax
b
−2x + C (44)

ln

a
2
−b
2
x
2

dx = xln

ar −b
2
x
2

+
2a
b
tan
−1
bx
a
−2x + C (45)

ln

ax
2
+ bx + c

dx =
1
a

4ac −b
2
tan
−1
2ax + b

4ac −b
2
−2x +

b
2a
+ x

ln

ax
2
+ bx + c

+ C (46)

xln(ax + b)dx =
bx
2a

1
4
x
2
+
1
2

x
2

b
2
a
2

ln(ax + b) + C (47)

xln

a
2
−b
2
x
2

dx = −
1
2
x
2
+
1
2

x
2

a
2
b
2

ln

a
2
−b
2
x
2

+ C (48)
Integrals with Exponentials

e
ax
dx =
1
a
e
ax
+ C (49)


xe
ax
dx =
1
a

xe
ax
+
i

π
2a
3/2
erf

i

ax

+ C,
where erf(x) =
2

π

x
0
e
−t
2
dtet (50)

xe
x
dx = (x −1)e
x
+ C (51)

xe
ax
dx =

x
a

1
a
2

e
ax
+ C (52)

x
2
e
x
dx =

x
2
−2x + 2

e
x
+ C (53)
2

x
2
e
ax
dx =

x
2
a

2x
a
2
+
2
a
3

e
ax
+ C (54)

x
3
e
x
dx =

x
3
−3x
2
+ 6x −6

e
x
+ C (55)

x
n
e
ax
dx =
(−1)
n
a
n+1
Γ[1 + n, −ax],
where Γ(a, x) =


x
t
a−1
e
−t
dt (56)

e
ax
2
dx = −
i

π
2

a
erf

ix

a

(57)
Integrals with Trigonometric Functions

sin axdx = −
1
a
cos ax + C (58)

sin
2
axdx =
x
2

sin 2ax
4a
+ C (59)

sin
n
axdx =

1
a
cos ax
2
F
1
¸
1
2
,
1 −n
2
,
3
2
, cos
2
ax

+ C (60)

sin
3
axdx = −
3 cos ax
4a
+
cos 3ax
12a
+ C (61)

cos axdx =
1
a
sin ax + C (62)

cos
2
axdx =
x
2
+
sin 2ax
4a
+ C (63)

cos
p
axdx = −
1
a(1 + p)
cos
1+p
ax×
2
F
1
¸
1 + p
2
,
1
2
,
3 + p
2
, cos
2
ax

+ C (64)

cos
3
axdx =
3 sin ax
4a
+
sin 3ax
12a
+ C (65)

cos axsin bxdx =
cos[(a −b)x]
2(a −b)

cos[(a + b)x]
2(a + b)
+ C, a = b (66)

sin
2
axcos bxdx = −
sin[(2a −b)x]
4(2a −b)
+
sin bx
2b

sin[(2a + b)x]
4(2a + b)
+ C (67)

sin
2
xcos xdx =
1
3
sin
3
x + C (68)

cos
2
axsin bxdx =
cos[(2a −b)x]
4(2a −b)

cos bx
2b

cos[(2a + b)x]
4(2a + b)
+ C (69)

cos
2
axsin axdx = −
1
3a
cos
3
ax + C (70)

sin
2
axcos
2
bxdx =
x
4

sin 2ax
8a

sin[2(a −b)x]
16(a −b)
+
sin 2bx
8b

sin[2(a + b)x]
16(a + b)
+ C (71)

sin
2
axcos
2
axdx =
x
8

sin 4ax
32a
+ C (72)

tan axdx = −
1
a
ln cos ax + C (73)

tan
2
axdx = −x +
1
a
tan ax + C (74)

tan
n
axdx =
tan
n+1
ax
a(1 + n)
×
2
F
1

n + 1
2
, 1,
n + 3
2
, −tan
2
ax

+ C (75)

tan
3
axdx =
1
a
ln cos ax +
1
2a
sec
2
ax + C (76)

sec xdx = ln | sec x + tan x| + C
= 2 tanh
−1

tan
x
2

+ C (77)

sec
2
axdx =
1
a
tan ax + C (78)

sec
3
xdx =
1
2
sec xtan x +
1
2
ln | sec xtan x| + C (79)

sec xtan xdx = sec x + C (80)

sec
2
xtan xdx =
1
2
sec
2
x + C (81)

sec
n
xtan xdx =
1
n
sec
n
x + C, n = 0 (82)

csc xdx = ln

tan
x
2

+ C = ln | csc x −cot x| + C (83)
3

csc
2
axdx = −
1
a
cot ax + C (84)

csc
3
xdx = −
1
2
cot xcsc x +
1
2
ln | csc x −cot x| + C (85)

csc
n
xcot xdx = −
1
n
csc
n
x + C, n = 0 (86)

sec xcsc xdx = ln | tan x| + C (87)
Products of Trigonometric Functions and Monomials

xcos xdx = cos x + xsin x + C (88)

xcos axdx =
1
a
2
cos ax +
x
a
sin ax + C (89)

x
2
cos xdx = 2xcos x +

x
2
−2

sin x + C (90)

x
2
cos axdx =
2xcos ax
a
2
+
a
2
x
2
−2
a
3
sin ax + C (91)

x
n
cosxdx = −
1
2
(i)
n+1
[Γ(n + 1, −ix)
+(−1)
n
Γ(n + 1, ix)] + C (92)

x
n
cosaxdx =
1
2
(ia)
1−n
[(−1)
n
Γ(n + 1, −iax)
−Γ(n + 1, ixa)] + C (93)

xsin xdx = −xcos x + sin x + C (94)

xsin axdx = −
xcos ax
a
+
sin ax
a
2
+ C (95)

x
2
sin xdx =

2 −x
2

cos x + 2xsin x + C (96)

x
2
sin axdx =
2 −a
2
x
2
a
3
cos ax +
2xsin ax
a
2
+ C (97)

x
n
sin xdx = −
1
2
(i)
n
[Γ(n + 1, −ix)
−(−1)
n
Γ(n + 1, −ix)] + C (98)
Products of Trigonometric Functions and
Exponentials

e
x
sin xdx =
1
2
e
x
(sin x −cos x) + C (99)

e
bx
sin axdx =
1
a
2
+ b
2
e
bx
(b sin ax −a cos ax) + C (100)

e
x
cos xdx =
1
2
e
x
(sin x + cos x) + C (101)

e
bx
cos axdx =
1
a
2
+ b
2
e
bx
(a sin ax + b cos ax) + C (102)

xe
x
sin xdx =
1
2
e
x
(cos x −xcos x + xsin x) + C (103)

xe
x
cos xdx =
1
2
e
x
(xcos x −sin x + xsin x) + C (104)
Integrals of Hyperbolic Functions

cosh axdx =
1
a
sinh ax + C (105)

e
ax
cosh bxdx =

e
ax
a
2
−b
2
[a cosh bx −b sinh bx] + C a = b
e
2ax
4a
+
x
2
+ C a = b
(106)

sinh axdx =
1
a
cosh ax + C (107)

e
ax
sinh bxdx =

e
ax
a
2
−b
2
[−b cosh bx + a sinh bx] + C a = b
e
2ax
4a

x
2
+ C a = b
(108)

e
ax
tanh bxdx =

e
(a+2b)x
(a + 2b)
2
F
1

1 +
a
2b
, 1, 2 +
a
2b
, −e
2bx


1
a
e
ax
2
F
1

a
2b
, 1, 1E, −e
2bx

+ C a = b
e
ax
−2 tan
−1
[e
ax
]
a
+ C a = b
(109)

tanh bxdx =
1
a
ln cosh ax + C (110)

cos axcosh bxdx =
1
a
2
+ b
2
[a sin axcosh bx
+b cos axsinh bx] + C (111)
4

cos axsinh bxdx =
1
a
2
+ b
2
[b cos axcosh bx+
a sin axsinh bx] + C (112)

sin axcosh bxdx =
1
a
2
+ b
2
[−a cos axcosh bx+
b sin axsinh bx] + C (113)

sin axsinh bxdx =
1
a
2
+ b
2
[b cosh bxsin ax−
a cos axsinh bx] + C (114)

sinh axcosh axdx =
1
4a
[−2ax + sinh 2ax] + C (115)

sinh axcosh bxdx =
1
b
2
−a
2
[b cosh bxsinh ax
−a cosh axsinh bx] + C (116)
5

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