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Population Dynamics Practice Problems and Handouts With Ans

Population Dynamics Practice Problems and Handouts With Ans

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Population Dynamics Practice Problems and Handouts With Ans
Population Dynamics Practice Problems and Handouts With Ans

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Population Dynamics Assignment

Name: ________________________

14.1 Characteristics of Populations Definitions to write out: population, dispersion (clumped, random, uniform), quatrat sampling, mark recapture, population size and density Questions (write out complete responses) 1. The number of yeast in a large vat can be determined by a quadrat sampling method. The quadrat, in this case is a pipet which samples 1.0 mL (0.0010L). The yeast are then counted using a microscope. Five samples are taken from the vat, and yeast count estimates of 982, 837, 1023, 915, and 1064 are recorded. Estimate the number of yeast in the 29 L vat. 2. In a river in Ontario, 270 Atlantic salmon were captured and fin-marked with a numbered T-bar anchor tag. Two weeks later, a total of 112 Atlantic salmon were recaptured, and 11 carried the T-bar anchor tags. Estimate the Atlantic salmon population in this river during this study. 3. A small garden pond contains 38 goldfish at the beginning of the summer. There is no reproduction, but during the summer 15 are eaten by raccoons and the garden-owner adds 20 from the pond supply store. Full solutions are required. Determine the population size at the end of the summer. Determine the growth rate of the population over the summer. 1. Answer: 2.8 x 10 7 yeast Answer: The river held 2749 Atlantic salmon during the 2-week study 3. Answer: the population size at the end of the summer is 43 fish and the population has a growth rate of 13%. 14.2 Measuring and Modeling Population Change Definitions to write out: carrying capacity, biotic potential, limiting factor, fecundity, fertility, reproductive potential, population change, closed vs. open population, survivorship patterns (I, II, III), geometric growth vs. exponential growth, instantaneous growth rate, doubling time, logistic growth rate, logistic growth curve

Questions (write out complete responses)
1. Each May, harp seals give birth on pack ice off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. In a hypothetical situation, an initial population of 1500 seals gives birth to 680 pups, and during the next 12 months, 90 seals die. Assuming that the population is growing geometrically, what will the harp seal population be in 11 years? 2. Each May, harp seals give birth off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. In a hypothetical situation, an initial population of 900 seals gives birth to 390 pups, and during the next 12 months, 60 seals die. 3. Assuming that the population is growing geometrically, what will the harp seal population be in 12 years? A population of squirrels in a local park exhibits geometric growth. The initial population size is 43 squirrels. During the year being studied, 77 young are born, and 21 squirrels are lost to predators and accidents. A) Calculate the geometric growth rate. A formal solution is required. B) Is it reasonable to assume that the population will continue to increase at this rate? Explain why you made this conclusion. 4. During the summer, a population of aphids exhibits exponential growth on rose bushes. The initial population of aphids on a rose bush is 53 and their intrinsic rate of increase is 0.281 per day. Calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate. 5. A population of 1750 yeast cells in a culture tube is growing exponentially. If the intrinsic growth rate (r) is 0.023 per hour, calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate, dN/dt. 6. A hypothetical population has a per capita growth rate of 3.5% per year. Determine the approximate time needed for the population to double in size.

The growth rate of the human population in 1650 was 0. parasitism. b) How does this rate compare to the rate that would be calculated with a much smaller population? A calculation is not required.35. b) Nearing the carrying capacity.8 when the population numbers 700 individuals. obligatory mutualism. limiting factor. however. by completing the table. commensalisms.35. a) Determine the population growth rate if the population size is 20 individuals. the human population was growing such that the population doubling time was 100 years. 9. 14.69%.With the same growth rate. a) Determine the population growth rate if the population consists of 700 individuals. realized niche. historical records suggest that in A. the seal population will reach 39 330 after 12 years. fundamental vs. 6. b) The growth rate would be much lower. predation. 8.8 when the population has 20 individuals.34%. The carrying capacity of the environment is 780 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0. a)The geometric growth rate of the squirrel population is 2. a) The population growth rate is 6. A formal solution is required. 11. ecological niche. the rate would be declining/approaching zero. 1650. The population size is 170. minimum viable population size. 8. the seal population will have reached 60 743 at the end 11 years 2. 3. The growth rate of the human population in 1850 was 0. interspecific vs intraspecific competition. 1850.D.7. The logistic growth rate is 33 per year. The population should double in approximately 20 years. 4. In a population of lobsters where growth is continuous. shelter and space requirements of the population. the carrying capacity of the environment is 1000 individuals. A population is growing continuously. the allele effect. Historical records suggest that in A. habitat.With the same growth rate. Provide a formal solution of the population increase for 1 year.4 Interactions Within Communities Definitions to write out: density dependent vs independent factors.3 b)It is not reasonable to assume a constant growth rate. 11. The initial instantaneous growth rate is 40/h. 10. The carrying capacity of the environment is 800 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0. Once this is reached. visual warning. mimicry. the human population was growing such that the population doubled in 200 years. Determine the intrinsic growth rate as a percent. The carrying capacity is 800. exotic species . passive defense mechanisms vs active defense. the growth rate will decline. 10. b) How would this rate compare to the rate if the population was very near the carrying capacity? A calculation is not required. ectoparasite. mutualism.Calculate the rate of logistic growth of the population over three years. A population is growing continuously. 5. The park has a carrying capacity determined by food. The Irish Potato famine occurred in 1850. 7.D. The initial population has a maximum intrinsic growth rate of 0.3 Factors Affecting Population Change & 14. The aphid population has an initial instantaneous growth rate of 15 aphids/h. Determine the intrinsic growth rate of the human population in 1650 as a percent. 9. Answers 1. a) The population growth rate is 6.235 per year.

23. The park measures 100 m x 50 m. Estimating Population Size and Density A lawn-care company wishes to estimate the density of a weed population in a park before spraying.3 ha and is home to 300 field mice. A small field having an area of 1. Estimate the density of the population. 14. Mark-Recapture Sampling A grade 10 Science class of 28 students has been tagged by their teacher.0 m x 0. what is the smallest area into which the moose can be moved? . and finds weed counts of 11. Determine the ecological density of the mouse population. how many goldfish should be put in the pond? A population of moose. If the recommended population density for the fish is 37 fish/m.7 m is to be stocked with ornamental goldfish. Later in the day. is being relocated to allow developers to build a golf course in Northern Ontario.5 ha contains a pond with a surface area of 0.SBI4U DATE: _____________________________ NAME: ____________________________ Lesson Problems to follow Powerpoint Lesson • • Do you have your calculator with you? You will need it. Estimate the number of grade 10 students in the school. 3 tagged students were observed in an English class of 30.5 m quadrats in the park. The technician randomly places four 1. A small garden pond having a volume of 1.8 moose/ha. 16 and 20 plants in the 4 quadrants. Determine the population density of the plants. numbering 27 individuals.0 m contains 215 dandelions.0 m by 4. If the moose can prosper at a density of 0.1 Characteristics of Populations Population Size and Density A backyard measuring 3.

Determine the growth rate of the population over the summer. random. dispersion (clumped. uniform). a total of 112 Atlantic salmon were recaptured. There is no reproduction. mark recapture. 2. and 1064 are recorded. Estimate the Atlantic salmon population in this river during this study. 1023. . population size and density Questions (write out complete responses) 1. The quadrat. 3.14. The number of yeast in a large vat can be determined by a quadrat sampling method.1 Characteristics of Populations Definitions to write out: population. 915. A small garden pond contains 38 goldfish at the beginning of the summer. Full solutions are required. Determine the population size at the end of the summer. 837. In a river in Ontario. but during the summer 15 are eaten by raccoons and the garden-owner adds 20 from the pond supply store.0 mL (0. quatrat sampling. in this case is a pipet which samples 1. The yeast are then counted using a microscope. Two weeks later.0010L). and yeast count estimates of 982. 270 Atlantic salmon were captured and fin-marked with a numbered T-bar anchor tag. Estimate the number of yeast in the 29 L vat. Five samples are taken from the vat. and 11 carried the T-bar anchor tags.

harp seals give birth off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. 16. The initial population size is 43 squirrels. A formal solution is required. reproductive potential. and during the next 12 months. closed vs. 14. A hypothetical population has a per capita growth rate of 3. Calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate. A population of 1750 yeast cells in a culture tube is growing exponentially.023 per hour. and 21 squirrels are lost to predators and accidents. B) Is it reasonable to assume that the population will continue to increase at this rate? Explain why you made this conclusion. In a hypothetical situation.1. geometric growth vs. A) Calculate the geometric growth rate. 15. During the year being studied. exponential growth. an initial population of 1500 seals gives birth to 680 pups.281 per day. If the intrinsic growth rate (r) is 0. 14. limiting factor. fertility. III). Assuming that the population is growing geometrically. dN/dt. biotic potential. Determine the approximate time needed for the population to double in size. In a hypothetical situation. an initial population of 900 seals gives birth to 390 pups. . a population of aphids exhibits exponential growth on rose bushes.2 Measuring and Modeling Population Change Definitions to write out: carrying capacity. what will the harp seal population be in 11 years? 13. population change. II. Each May. logistic growth curve Questions (write out complete responses) 12.5% per year. calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate. 90 seals die. Each May. Answer: the population size at the end of the summer is 43 fish and the population has a growth rate of 13%. instantaneous growth rate. 60 seals die. Answer: 2. open population. doubling time. 17. fecundity. 77 young are born. what will the harp seal population be in 12 years? A population of squirrels in a local park exhibits geometric growth. Assuming that the population is growing geometrically. and during the next 12 months. During the summer. survivorship patterns (I.8 x 10 7 yeast Answer: The river held 2749 Atlantic salmon during the 2-week study 3. The initial population of aphids on a rose bush is 53 and their intrinsic rate of increase is 0. logistic growth rate. harp seals give birth on pack ice off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Provide a formal solution of the population increase for 1 year. 19.18. A formal solution is required.35. The population size is 170.D. The initial population has a maximum intrinsic growth rate of 0. the human population was growing such that the population doubled in 200 years. 1850. Determine the intrinsic growth rate as a percent. Answers 1.With the same growth rate. A population is growing continuously.35. 24. however. historical records suggest that in A.Calculate the rate of logistic growth of the population over three years. A population is growing continuously. by completing the table. Determine the intrinsic growth rate of the human population in 1650 as a percent. 21. the human population was growing such that the population doubling time was 100 years.235 per year. 20. b) How would this rate compare to the rate if the population was very near the carrying capacity? A calculation is not required. The carrying capacity is 800. In a population of lobsters where growth is continuous. The carrying capacity of the environment is 800 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0. 1650. b) How does this rate compare to the rate that would be calculated with a much smaller population? A calculation is not required. Historical records suggest that in A.D. 23. a) Determine the population growth rate if the population size is 20 individuals. a) Determine the population growth rate if the population consists of 700 individuals. the carrying capacity of the environment is 1000 individuals. the seal population will have reached 60 743 at the end 11 years . The Irish Potato famine occurred in 1850. The carrying capacity of the environment is 780 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0.

With the same growth rate. The logistic growth rate is 33 per year. The initial instantaneous growth rate is 40/h. 11.8 when the population has 20 individuals.3 b)It is not reasonable to assume a constant growth rate. Once this is reached. shelter and space requirements of the population. a)The geometric growth rate of the squirrel population is 2. the seal population will reach 39 330 after 12 years. a) The population growth rate is 6. 5. The park has a carrying capacity determined by food. b) Nearing the carrying capacity. b) The growth rate would be much lower.2.69%. The population should double in approximately 20 years. .34%. 8. 4. 10. the growth rate will decline. The growth rate of the human population in 1650 was 0. the rate would be declining/approaching zero. 3. 6. The aphid population has an initial instantaneous growth rate of 15 aphids/h. 7.8 when the population numbers 700 individuals. The growth rate of the human population in 1850 was 0. 9. a) The population growth rate is 6.

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