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Population Dynamics Practice Problems and Handouts With Ans|Views: 179|Likes: 0

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Population Dynamics Practice Problems and Handouts With Ans

Population Dynamics Practice Problems and Handouts With Ans

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/162445861/Population-Dynamics-Practice-Problems-and-Handouts-With-Ans

05/29/2014

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14.1 Characteristics of Populations Definitions to write out: population, dispersion (clumped, random, uniform), quatrat sampling, mark recapture, population size and density Questions (write out complete responses) 1. The number of yeast in a large vat can be determined by a quadrat sampling method. The quadrat, in this case is a pipet which samples 1.0 mL (0.0010L). The yeast are then counted using a microscope. Five samples are taken from the vat, and yeast count estimates of 982, 837, 1023, 915, and 1064 are recorded. Estimate the number of yeast in the 29 L vat. 2. In a river in Ontario, 270 Atlantic salmon were captured and fin-marked with a numbered T-bar anchor tag. Two weeks later, a total of 112 Atlantic salmon were recaptured, and 11 carried the T-bar anchor tags. Estimate the Atlantic salmon population in this river during this study. 3. A small garden pond contains 38 goldfish at the beginning of the summer. There is no reproduction, but during the summer 15 are eaten by raccoons and the garden-owner adds 20 from the pond supply store. Full solutions are required. Determine the population size at the end of the summer. Determine the growth rate of the population over the summer. 1. Answer: 2.8 x 10 7 yeast Answer: The river held 2749 Atlantic salmon during the 2-week study 3. Answer: the population size at the end of the summer is 43 fish and the population has a growth rate of 13%. 14.2 Measuring and Modeling Population Change Definitions to write out: carrying capacity, biotic potential, limiting factor, fecundity, fertility, reproductive potential, population change, closed vs. open population, survivorship patterns (I, II, III), geometric growth vs. exponential growth, instantaneous growth rate, doubling time, logistic growth rate, logistic growth curve

**Questions (write out complete responses)
**

1. Each May, harp seals give birth on pack ice off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. In a hypothetical situation, an initial population of 1500 seals gives birth to 680 pups, and during the next 12 months, 90 seals die. Assuming that the population is growing geometrically, what will the harp seal population be in 11 years? 2. Each May, harp seals give birth off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. In a hypothetical situation, an initial population of 900 seals gives birth to 390 pups, and during the next 12 months, 60 seals die. 3. Assuming that the population is growing geometrically, what will the harp seal population be in 12 years? A population of squirrels in a local park exhibits geometric growth. The initial population size is 43 squirrels. During the year being studied, 77 young are born, and 21 squirrels are lost to predators and accidents. A) Calculate the geometric growth rate. A formal solution is required. B) Is it reasonable to assume that the population will continue to increase at this rate? Explain why you made this conclusion. 4. During the summer, a population of aphids exhibits exponential growth on rose bushes. The initial population of aphids on a rose bush is 53 and their intrinsic rate of increase is 0.281 per day. Calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate. 5. A population of 1750 yeast cells in a culture tube is growing exponentially. If the intrinsic growth rate (r) is 0.023 per hour, calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate, dN/dt. 6. A hypothetical population has a per capita growth rate of 3.5% per year. Determine the approximate time needed for the population to double in size.

a) Determine the population growth rate if the population consists of 700 individuals. The population size is 170. predation. 8. 10. The logistic growth rate is 33 per year.With the same growth rate. exotic species . The Irish Potato famine occurred in 1850. The population should double in approximately 20 years. The park has a carrying capacity determined by food. Answers 1. Determine the intrinsic growth rate as a percent. obligatory mutualism. 1650.D. a) Determine the population growth rate if the population size is 20 individuals. 5.34%.8 when the population numbers 700 individuals. The carrying capacity is 800. A population is growing continuously.35. the growth rate will decline.With the same growth rate. b) The growth rate would be much lower. b) Nearing the carrying capacity. however. A formal solution is required. fundamental vs. In a population of lobsters where growth is continuous. a)The geometric growth rate of the squirrel population is 2. passive defense mechanisms vs active defense. realized niche. Historical records suggest that in A. the seal population will reach 39 330 after 12 years. the seal population will have reached 60 743 at the end 11 years 2. the human population was growing such that the population doubling time was 100 years. historical records suggest that in A. 11. The aphid population has an initial instantaneous growth rate of 15 aphids/h. The growth rate of the human population in 1850 was 0. 9. commensalisms. 7. the carrying capacity of the environment is 1000 individuals. habitat.235 per year. Once this is reached.D. the human population was growing such that the population doubled in 200 years. 1850. parasitism. 3.7. A population is growing continuously.3 Factors Affecting Population Change & 14. a) The population growth rate is 6. 9.69%. the rate would be declining/approaching zero. 11.35. ecological niche. limiting factor. 14. Determine the intrinsic growth rate of the human population in 1650 as a percent. minimum viable population size. shelter and space requirements of the population. The initial population has a maximum intrinsic growth rate of 0. 10. the allele effect. The growth rate of the human population in 1650 was 0. by completing the table. mimicry. ectoparasite. 4. interspecific vs intraspecific competition.Calculate the rate of logistic growth of the population over three years. 8. visual warning. a) The population growth rate is 6.8 when the population has 20 individuals. The initial instantaneous growth rate is 40/h. b) How does this rate compare to the rate that would be calculated with a much smaller population? A calculation is not required. The carrying capacity of the environment is 780 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0. mutualism. 6. Provide a formal solution of the population increase for 1 year. The carrying capacity of the environment is 800 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0. b) How would this rate compare to the rate if the population was very near the carrying capacity? A calculation is not required.4 Interactions Within Communities Definitions to write out: density dependent vs independent factors.3 b)It is not reasonable to assume a constant growth rate.

14.1 Characteristics of Populations Population Size and Density A backyard measuring 3.8 moose/ha.0 m x 0. Mark-Recapture Sampling A grade 10 Science class of 28 students has been tagged by their teacher. Estimating Population Size and Density A lawn-care company wishes to estimate the density of a weed population in a park before spraying. Determine the ecological density of the mouse population. Estimate the number of grade 10 students in the school.5 ha contains a pond with a surface area of 0. 23.0 m by 4. A small garden pond having a volume of 1. and finds weed counts of 11. how many goldfish should be put in the pond? A population of moose. A small field having an area of 1.3 ha and is home to 300 field mice.SBI4U DATE: _____________________________ NAME: ____________________________ Lesson Problems to follow Powerpoint Lesson • • Do you have your calculator with you? You will need it. what is the smallest area into which the moose can be moved? . Later in the day. Determine the population density of the plants. The technician randomly places four 1.7 m is to be stocked with ornamental goldfish. If the moose can prosper at a density of 0.0 m contains 215 dandelions. 16 and 20 plants in the 4 quadrants. numbering 27 individuals. The park measures 100 m x 50 m. If the recommended population density for the fish is 37 fish/m. Estimate the density of the population. 3 tagged students were observed in an English class of 30.5 m quadrats in the park. is being relocated to allow developers to build a golf course in Northern Ontario.

1 Characteristics of Populations Definitions to write out: population. In a river in Ontario. and yeast count estimates of 982.14. quatrat sampling. dispersion (clumped. and 11 carried the T-bar anchor tags. 1023. Estimate the number of yeast in the 29 L vat. Estimate the Atlantic salmon population in this river during this study. 2. but during the summer 15 are eaten by raccoons and the garden-owner adds 20 from the pond supply store. 270 Atlantic salmon were captured and fin-marked with a numbered T-bar anchor tag. Determine the population size at the end of the summer. 3. 915.0 mL (0. A small garden pond contains 38 goldfish at the beginning of the summer. 837. The quadrat. in this case is a pipet which samples 1. mark recapture. . The number of yeast in a large vat can be determined by a quadrat sampling method. and 1064 are recorded. a total of 112 Atlantic salmon were recaptured. Full solutions are required. uniform). Two weeks later. Five samples are taken from the vat. random. The yeast are then counted using a microscope.0010L). population size and density Questions (write out complete responses) 1. Determine the growth rate of the population over the summer. There is no reproduction.

an initial population of 1500 seals gives birth to 680 pups. The initial population size is 43 squirrels. exponential growth.2 Measuring and Modeling Population Change Definitions to write out: carrying capacity. harp seals give birth on pack ice off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. fecundity. calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate. open population. Assuming that the population is growing geometrically. 77 young are born. biotic potential. 14. survivorship patterns (I. 90 seals die. closed vs. what will the harp seal population be in 12 years? A population of squirrels in a local park exhibits geometric growth. 60 seals die. In a hypothetical situation. Each May. fertility.023 per hour. 15. . II. 16. Answer: 2. A formal solution is required. III). limiting factor.5% per year. B) Is it reasonable to assume that the population will continue to increase at this rate? Explain why you made this conclusion. and during the next 12 months. reproductive potential. A population of 1750 yeast cells in a culture tube is growing exponentially. a population of aphids exhibits exponential growth on rose bushes. population change. A hypothetical population has a per capita growth rate of 3.281 per day. If the intrinsic growth rate (r) is 0. The initial population of aphids on a rose bush is 53 and their intrinsic rate of increase is 0. Calculate the initial instantaneous growth rate. geometric growth vs. Assuming that the population is growing geometrically.8 x 10 7 yeast Answer: The river held 2749 Atlantic salmon during the 2-week study 3. an initial population of 900 seals gives birth to 390 pups. 14. logistic growth curve Questions (write out complete responses) 12.1. Each May. logistic growth rate. instantaneous growth rate. A) Calculate the geometric growth rate. Answer: the population size at the end of the summer is 43 fish and the population has a growth rate of 13%. harp seals give birth off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. In a hypothetical situation. During the summer. what will the harp seal population be in 11 years? 13. dN/dt. Determine the approximate time needed for the population to double in size. and 21 squirrels are lost to predators and accidents. and during the next 12 months. 17. doubling time. During the year being studied.

The Irish Potato famine occurred in 1850. b) How does this rate compare to the rate that would be calculated with a much smaller population? A calculation is not required. the human population was growing such that the population doubled in 200 years. The carrying capacity of the environment is 800 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0. a) Determine the population growth rate if the population consists of 700 individuals. The initial population has a maximum intrinsic growth rate of 0.235 per year. In a population of lobsters where growth is continuous. by completing the table. 23. Determine the intrinsic growth rate as a percent. The population size is 170. 21. the seal population will have reached 60 743 at the end 11 years . A formal solution is required. b) How would this rate compare to the rate if the population was very near the carrying capacity? A calculation is not required. 1850. 20. Provide a formal solution of the population increase for 1 year.Calculate the rate of logistic growth of the population over three years. 24.35. 19.D. The carrying capacity is 800. A population is growing continuously.18.With the same growth rate.35. Determine the intrinsic growth rate of the human population in 1650 as a percent. historical records suggest that in A. Historical records suggest that in A. a) Determine the population growth rate if the population size is 20 individuals. however. A population is growing continuously. Answers 1. The carrying capacity of the environment is 780 individuals and the maximum growth rate is 0. the carrying capacity of the environment is 1000 individuals.D. the human population was growing such that the population doubling time was 100 years. 1650.

The logistic growth rate is 33 per year. a)The geometric growth rate of the squirrel population is 2.34%.8 when the population has 20 individuals. a) The population growth rate is 6. 5. b) Nearing the carrying capacity. 7. 6. The park has a carrying capacity determined by food. The growth rate of the human population in 1850 was 0. 4.69%. The growth rate of the human population in 1650 was 0. The aphid population has an initial instantaneous growth rate of 15 aphids/h. 3.2. The population should double in approximately 20 years. b) The growth rate would be much lower. shelter and space requirements of the population.With the same growth rate. The initial instantaneous growth rate is 40/h.8 when the population numbers 700 individuals. 8. a) The population growth rate is 6. . the rate would be declining/approaching zero. the seal population will reach 39 330 after 12 years. 11. 9.3 b)It is not reasonable to assume a constant growth rate. the growth rate will decline. 10. Once this is reached.

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