SAP BODS - Beginners guide

By Alok Ranjan

AIM:- The purpose of the tutorial is to give a novice a good hands experience on BODS product to be able to create his/her own local repository , configure job server, start his basic job development and execute the job to extract data from source systems and load data to target systems after performing transformations, look-ups and validations. What is BODS:- It is an ETL tool currently acquired by SAP used for integration with all types of disparate systems, extracting data from them, transforming them into meaningful information and loading them into all types of systems. It is tightly integrated with SAP systems and hence really a good tool to migrate data from legacy systems to SAP systems with ease and less development efforts with effective debugging and monitoring capabilities. How to get started?:After getting BODS installed on the machine, you can see the following on Start>All Programs

There are several components installed as part of SAP BODS 3.2 installation. In the recent release like SAP BODS4, there has been improvements on the architecture , components and the enhancement features in several transforms. However, the BODS Designer looks pretty same on both 3.2 and 4.0 versions. The major enhancement is in the Validation Transform in 4.0 which facilitates developers to switch on and off the validations flags easily for one or several columns. What to launch next- Normally, the developers would like to start BODS Designer to start developing jobs straightaway, but it is always good to start creating own local repository first so that you have full control on your own development environment without any dependency on others. In order to create your own local repository, it is important to know the database where you are allocated space quota to create the same.

It depends on the database vendor like Oracle, SQL Server, Informix, DB2, etc which you have currently access to. However, BODS installation comes with default mySQL database, which you should have installed on your system. There is need of user/schema and database creation on my SQL which can be easily done by DBA. Once user /schema and database name information is assigned to you, you can create the local repository. Next Screen shows the BODS Repository Manager which administers you to create local repository.

As you need to create your own local repository to do your own development activities, you need to select the Repository type as ‘Local’.

Now you need to choose the Database Type/vendor, where you want to create repository on. Since as mentioned earlier, mySQL database comes shipped with BODS product, it is convenient to create repository on the same. Hence, choose ‘MySQL’ in Database type.

you just need to configure ODBC with necessary parameters. All you should know is your user name and password and database schema name. Next screen helps you how to configure ODBC datastore:Launch ODBC from Control Panel>Administration tools>ODBC .MySQL Database type requires you to choose ODBC data source. Therefore.

.Go to ‘System DSN’ tab.

you should be able to add yours.( Please note that the version can be different. Click on Add button. If you want a dedicated DSN for yourself. Select the driver ‘MySQL ODBC’. hence you need to ask admin team if there is any discrepancy. but all what you want is mySQL driver). .You can find several default added DSN names.

So.Now. click on Test button . you need to supply information as below: Data Source Name( it can be as per your desired name).local User-(as given by DBA) Password –(as given by DBA) Database –(as given by DBA) After having provided all the information . Server name. you would like to go for testing the connection.

. launch again the Repository Manager and check in ODBC drop-down for newly created DSN name.You can see your newly created DSN name in the screen below. Now.

If the name is not visible. then you need to go to ODBC again and re-configure. . you can proceed with the next steps. If it is listed now.

It gives you all the information what version i t is and all the other details when you start creating local repository. hit the ‘Create’ button. Follow the next screen. Select the flag ‘Show details’. You need to wait for some time for the repository to be created. .You again need to provide all the mySQL login credentials and database name above as you did earlier for DSN configuration. Now.

You should see that ‘local repository was successfully created’ .

Go to All Programs>SAP Business Objects XI 3. it is time for the most important work.You can check for the version of the repository as well by hitting ‘Get Version’.2>sap Business Objects Data Services>Data Services Designer . You need to launch BODS Designer to start your development activities. Now.

you get the screen layout. There are basically three important areas you need to undertand. . Now.Provide all the information you used in creating local repository a while ago.

where you actually design your job. . Start development Right on empty space in local object area/click on ‘Create Project’ under Getting Started in the main page. 2) Project Area:. 3) Workspace area: The bigger space.It contains all the necessary objects used for the development of jobs. Create with any name like above You can find it in the top left pane (project area).It contains all the jobs which are ready for execution or you are currently working on.1) Local Object Library:.

.Right click on the project name and select ‘new Batch Job’. Give any name to the new job as shown.

The job is created. On the right hand side. No. you can see the list if icons. it is not!!! You need to create dataflow under it. You click-once the dataflow and click-once on the workspace area (bigger area) .

In this example. you need to define the source structure. we will create flat file format. we are using the flat file as source. So.Name the dataflow as per your wish. It should start with DF_. Now. Go to ‘formats’ tab in local object library as below:- .

.Right click on the flat file and select new.


You will get the File Format Editor as shown above. Now. you need to define the structure of the input file. .

In the left hand side. Click under the ‘field name’ and add the field names. Follow the next subsequent screens. Under ‘Data type’ choose relevant datatype like ‘int’ for EMP_ID. ‘varchar’ for EMP_NAME’ etc. click on ‘Root directory’ folder to browse to the correct path where the input file is placed . the input file has 3 fields EMP_ID.EMP_NAME and EMP_DEPT. Click on ‘File name(s)’ and you should be able to browse to see the input file.In this example. .

In this example. the input file is a text file which has 2 records as shown below:- .

we already defined the flat file format structure with field names. Since.The text file contains the first row as header defining the field types. The next 2 rows contain data. we can ignore the first row header (shown in the next screen) .

you select ‘no’. If you have defined the structure with field names in your file format editor. . See the next screen. ‘ignore the row header’. Ignoring the row header Now. we do not require the row header provided in the input file. else it will overwrite with input file provided in the file name. it gives you the above warning. since we have already defined the file format with our field names.When you try to save and close the file format editor. you should se lect ‘no’. Here. So.

You find the flat file format created as shown above. .

Now. you need to use this file format as source in your data flow. Click once on the ‘Query’ icon on the right hand side and click once on the workspace. . Drag and drop the file format in the workspace area and make it as source.

we need to create a datastore(logical connection to database). we are loading to table.Name the query and join it to the source file format. Now. you need to define the target. So. In this example. .

as we are using my SQL database for staging tables) . Datastore type. You will get the above screen where you need to provide inputs.Go to ‘datastores’ tab in local object library and right click on the blank space.-Database Database type:-mySQL( in this per your choice. Datastore name:.

If you are using another database for staging tables.All over again. you need to provide all login credentials and database name as you provided earlier for creating local repository. . you can use information provided by the DBA.

You see the datastore created. you click once on the template table icon in the right hand side and click once on the workspace . Now.

You need to define the name of the target table as per your wish. . Click on OK Now. Click on the name of the query. join the query transform icon to the target. But. we have not still mapped the fields from source to target.

try to validate that the design has any errors or warnings Click on validate current icon . Now.You will find that. there are three fields in the source. You would like to map all the three fields from source to target Drag and drop each field from left pane to right pane one by one.

Did you see the icon ? Please remember that you have BODS server components installed on your machine and so you are responsible to configure Job server as well.txt"(EMPLOYEE)] Job Server error (the Job Server may not be responding). Ensure that the directory is valid by run-time. The directory for the file <C:/EMPLOYEE. (BODI-1110017) It was expected.txt> cannot be validated to ensure that it is valid at design time. The job server was not configured.If you get the following warnings [Source File:"EMPLOYEE. Launch Server manager .

Click on ‘Edit Job server config’. .

.Click on ‘Add’ and then ‘OK’.

Provide Job server name as per your wish. Click on ‘Add’. .

Click on ‘Apply’. provide the local repository details.In the ‘Repository Information’ section. .

. the repository name will be reflected.In the associated repositories. Click on ‘OK’.

You can now see the name of the Job server configured. . Click on OK.

Click on ‘Restart’ in the window .

Click on OK to restart Data Services service. . Double-click the project where you have your job developed. Re-launch the BODS Designer. Close the designer.

In the project area. right click on the job and select ‘Execute’. .

Click on OK. .You will see the Job server name listed that you configured earlier.

.You find the job executed successfully!!! The good challenge is when job fails. Click on the small view lens Source first:- on each source and target. Go back to the dataflow. we see what records have been added. Now.

Target now:- So. we find that data is loaded from flat file to database table. .

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