This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
The plastic hinge in steel structures has been the most sought after topic in the design and analysis of connection. The formation of the plastic hinge affects the behavior as well as strength of the structure or its component. This paper gives a insight on the plastic hinges in steel structures and how to incorporate it in the structural analysis of beams and frames.
The tests on actual buildings carried out in the mid 1930’s in USA and UK made it clear that the steel frames behave differently from the assumptions made in simple conventional elastic theory. This is because the member capacity in steel is based on the attainment of the yield stress , however steel has a unique called ductility because of which it can absorb large deformations beyond the elastic limit without fracture. The method which uses the reserve strength after the yielding has occurred is termed as plastic method of design. The plastic hinge concept was first introduced by Dr Gabor Kazinczy in the year 1914 when he carried out tests on fixed ended beams and came to the conclusion that failure occurs only when yielding takes place at the cross sections where the hinging action takes place .