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Vanessa L.

Pamittan FA 199-V

201000876 Prof. Mitzi Reyes

A. Indigenous Games of Cagayan Valley One of my chosen topics is about the indigenous sports of Cagayan Valley and its significance to the preservation of the culture of the Cagayanos. Such are the cadang-cadang, boca-boca, bin-nulayan, lin-numba, sipa, yoyo, and hampas palayok. The games, played by old and young people alike, make use of native instruments such as bamboo, coconuts, and stones. According to Provincial Administrator Engr. Tito A. Perlas Jr., the children of Cagayan Valley today have stopped playing these games because of the advent of Western games. In their 429th Aggao nac Cagayan festival which celebrates the Cagayan culture and pride, an activity to promote and preserve the indigenous games was included in the program. The event is called Gaggayam nac Cagayan, where several students from elementary and high school participated. Featured in the competition are the cadang-cadang race (bamboo stilt race), pag-buong ti banga (hampas palayok), tug-of-war, yoyo, and sipa. These were popular and regular pastimes of children and were mainly played in the streets. The Provincial Government of Cagayan gave its support to this activity and encouraged the youth to participate in the tournament as part of its cultural promotion campaigns. I would like to research on this because I find the indigenous sports of Cagayan interesting and it will be a great contribution to the arts and culture of my homeland. Other Filipino children from different provinces, and also Filipinos in general, are not very familiar with these games. The Cagayanos‘ native sports are a manifestation of the richness of their cultural heritage and therefore must be preserved and made known to their countrymen. I plan to focus on the indigenous games that are not well-known, and document how each game is played – the rules, participants, and equipment needed. I would also study on the games‘ origins, their significance to culture, and the Filipino youth‘s current awareness to them. For my creative proposal, I would like to use storytelling through motion graphics as the medium of communication to teach and promote Cagayan‘s indigenous games to children around ages 7-10. Online Articles

Cagayan Celebrates 429th Aggao na Cagayan
The Province of Cagayan will celebrate its 429th founding anniversary from June 23-29, 2012. The event will be marked by exciting activities that will allow Cagayanos to join in the celebrations taking off from this year‘s celebration theme, ‗Fiesta nam Magili‘. On June 23, a motorcade around Tuguegarao City, the regional center of Region 2, will herald the start of the Aggao na Cagayan. It will be followed by the opening of the Trade Fair Booths at the Cagayan Sports Complex. The gaily decorated trade fair booths will offer visitors the chance to sample various one-townone-products that will be sold by some of the towns in the province.

Fun Run.palayok. Cataggamman Elementary School. and tug-of-war. Lasam East. said that playing the actual game was one of the strategies to revive and promote indigenous games. Linao Elementary School. RDC II Website. home to the Callao Cave. 3rd place . (Domingo. Gosi National High School.‖ Perlas added. the centuries old Cape Engaño Lighthouse. the Pinacanauan River and watch the circadian flight of bats at dusk. & Mrs. When in Cagayan. Solana North.thon. Gaggayam nac Cagayan featured Cagayan‘s indigenous games commonly played by children with the use of native materials or instruments. Meanwhile. Pretty Peggy pageant for pregnant women competition. Cagayan Quiz Bee. Inter-agency Sports Festival. Carig Elementary School. Tuguegarao City division was composed of Libag Elementary School. participants were clustered into two divisions – Cagayan Division and Tuguegarao City Division. Allacapan Vocational High School. Web. Stay longer for a chance to visit and explore Spanish-built churches and structures along the Maharlika Highway from Tuguegarao to Aparri. These traditional Filipino games were played in the streets and have been regular and popular pastimes of children. or swim at Nangaramuan Public Beach and Boacag Waterfalls. The Province of Cagayan is serviced daily by Cebu Pacific and Air Philippines landing at the Tuguegarao City Domestic Airport. Solana West. 2nd place – Solana. Cadang-cadang race (female) – 1st place – Alcala East Central School. Don Severino National High School Solana.) Gaggayam nac Cagayan revives Cagayan’s indigenous games Interesting and challenging games were played by students from elementary and secondary schools in the province in the 2012 Gaggayam nac Cagayan on June 26. sipa. 4 July 2013. yoyo. Agriyamanan Pageant for farmers and fisher folks. Winners from the said competition were the following: Cadang-cadang race (male) – 1st place – Alcala East Central School. Mr.Other highlights of the Aggao na Cagayan include Binibining Cagayan Competition. Perlas Jr. Ginoong Cagayan Competition. Provincial Administrator Engr. billiard and chess tournament and motocross competition. Ana town and explore the Palaui Island. Licerio Antiporda National High School.Lasam East District. Capatan Elementary School. Fanibeth. Regional Development Council. Cagayan division was composed of Alcala East Elementary School. among many others. Drive to Sta. visit the Penablanca Protected Landscape and Seascape (PPLS). Kultura Cagayan (features Kiling-kingan and La Jota Enrile Folk Dance Competition). Penablanca National High School. Among these games are cadang-cadang race. 2nd place -Lasam District. Let us encourage them to play Pinoy games to help preserve arts and culture in the province. Cagayan National High School. 4th Annual Indigenous People‘s Visual Exhibition and Competition. Children of today stopped playing these games because of the western sports activities. Tito A. Gaggayam na Cagayan (featuring indigenous games). Cataggamman National High School. 3rd place. Annafunan Elementary School. hampas. ―The Provincial Government of Cagayan supports these kinds of activities in its effort to preserve and impart to the Cagayano children the importance of indigenous games. Cagayan Read –a. Pallua Elementary School. 2012 at Cagayan Sports Complex. Ms.

Pallua Elementary School. Licerio Antiporda National High School. Local folks and visitors will surely enjoy a variety of events from June 26-30. Gobyerno Ti Umili: Official Newsletter of the Provincial Government of Cagayan. Pinupok Elementary School. Alcala East Central School. Web. Provincial Government of Cagayan. Biuag at Malana. Solana. 4 July 2013. 2nd place – Don Severino National High School. Provincial Government of Cagayan. Web. Cagayan National High School. Yoyo – 1st place – Rejoice Maggay. Vanessa B. Annafunan Elementary School. Tug-of-War (male) – 1st place – Licerio Antiporda National High School. 3rd place – Alexander Lazaro. Gobyerno Ti Umili: Official Newsletter of the Provincial Government of Cagayan. Angelica Pagandot.) B. 4 July 2013. Capatan Elementary School. a Cagayan Epic . (Lacambra.) Aggao nac Cagayan Activities 2013 This year marks another exciting Aggao Nac Cagayan with line-up of colorful activities. Alcala. Carig Elementary School.– Cataggamman Elementary School. 3rd place – Jesus Barcilliano. Hampas-palayok – 1st place – John Lester Tamaray. 25 June 2013. 2013. 18 July 2012. Penablanca National High School. Angelyn S. Sipa – 1st place – Jake Paul Macaraniag. Tug-of-War (female) – 1st place – Cataggamman National High School. Licerio Antiporda National High School. 2nd place – Cristopher Pacion. Penablanca National High School. (Ramos. 2nd place – Jensen Gera.

Biuag seemed troubled and unhappy. There are also many different versions that it has become difficult to determine which one is the original version of the epic. The other two stones gave him supernatural powers and prowess. He could throw easily a carabao across the hills when he was only at the age of twelve. Today. she placed three small stones around the neck of the baby where one stone protected him from any bodily harm. The epic narrates the heroic deeds of the Biuag and Malana. Despite all these powers. his mother was visited by an exceptionally beautiful woman who silently admired the baby. It is an essential part of their identity and heritage. the epic is not well-known among Filipinos outside of Cagayan. Other researchers have included the epic in their compilations of Philippine folk literature and legends. she knelt and implored her child with long life. In the town of Tuao. Kilakila. and Rain) and ―Y Paggafuanan na Lunig‖ (What Causes Earthquakes). the two brave and powerful heroes of the Ybanags. When he was big enough to swim across the wide river. These include Edna Bangan‘s Ibanag Folk Literature and Damiana Eugenio‘s Philippine Folk Literature: An Anthology. Kunam Anna Uran‖ (The Origin of Thunder. he fell in love with a young lady with unsurpassed beauty. I would like to use the epic as an increment in teaching history or literature to elementary school children in the form of animation. Other forms of literature that particularly interest me are the Cagayan‘s folk myths such as ―Y Naggafuanan na Aruguk.Another topic I would like to work on is about the Cagayan epic known as Biuag at Malana. who at first were in bad terms with each other. Online Articles: Cagayan Epic: Biuag and Malana Biuag was from Enrile. Lightning. The epic has been handed down from generation to generation by oral tradition and was often sung during important occasions such as weddings. For the creative project. the southern most part of Cagayan. Clouds. He could uproot a big beetle nut as if it were a wood. The goddess made no reply. Theatrical shows and dances that use this epic as the theme were also performed in many different occasions. although a few may recognize it. Another is the Ilocano‘s ―Legend of Lakay-Lakay‖ which explains the origin of the two peculiar-shaped rocks in the town of Claveria. Cagayan. When it dawned on the child's mother that her visitor was a goddess. the crocodiles created a path for him. These are the reasons why I would like to work on this topic. I plan to research more about the epic of Biuag at Malana by documenting the different versions of the epic and interviewing Cagayanos in order to know the original story. people from far and wide places came to see him. and should not therefore be lost. No one could tell where this lady came from nor could anyone say who . On account of this display of extraordinary strength. When he was born. Biuag at Malana depicts the region‘s folk literature and shows the Ybanag‘s beliefs and values. It is said that the battle between the two heroes took place in Rizal. Instead. I would like to recreate and tell the story of the epic in a visually-compelling way in order to enhance the learning experience of the young children. He could go faster than the wind.

Meanwhile. He grabbed his famous spear and hurried to the window towards Malana. Sto. he hurled the coconut tree at Malana. Fitting the arrows. thick coconut grooves abound in that place. Today. When she was near. The lovely lady occupied his thoughts. he hurled it at the direction of Yeluru. When they saw him back. and handsome. He told the lady he will prove to her that Malana was unworthy of her love. When Malana was eighteen. He aimed it at . Biuag was taking lift of the young woman when he heard sounds of a thousand bamboo tubes. Biuag quivered at the sight of Malana. He presumed these were made for him by his father who knew how fond he was of them." Without thinking. If the lady would allow us.this lady was. the two mountains and the outlaying hills were blanketed with men. Biuag became furious. Biuag wanted to find her. The latter spoke first: "Now I know why you challenged me. His waking hours were thoughts of her. Everyone held his breath. Biuag laughed decisively and interpreted Malana's message in a different manner. You covet the woman I love. a devastating typhoon destroyed all the crops of Malaueg. The coconut tree flew like an arrow into the air. It was very difficult and dangerous to journey the place. Biuag became more insane. but I am ready to give you a chance. Their only hope of starving off came from a very distant place. He felt like barking a command to his followers to kill Malana's people. Biuag shouted at Malana. One day. He saw approaching from a distance great number of people from Malaueg. He distributed the rice to the people and went home. Leading the group was Malana . receive this gift of mine from Enrile. we shall fight for her hand. Biuag and Malana saw the beautiful lady on one of the rafts.tall. As these drew near. Malana went up the opposite mountain. Prayers were offered for his safety. Sadness was clearly etched on her face but this only heightened her ethereal beauty. Biuag arrived accompanied by the people of Enrile. he heard the natives cheering Malana. The people eagerly waited Malana's return. carrying a big coconut tree and a sharp spear. called Malana who was gifted with powers similar to that of Biuag. everyone was overjoyed." The gods forbid anyone from taking anything that belongs to the other. Niño. The people were in grip of appalling famine. "the woman we both cherish is before us. He loaded cavans of palay to seven bamboo rafts. The day of the duel was controversial. he found two tiny stones just like those around Biuag's neck. they saw some rafts being pulled up. broad-shouldered. From their position. He plucked the spear from the ground where he thrust it. Malana recognized Biuag's spear and read it as a challenge. There was another young man from Malaueg. he paid her a visit and found out that Malana was also there. Upon reaching his home. He hurled it back with the message that his powers were not meant for such feats." One afternoon. he found a bow and arrow on the bench. because the river to cross was wide and full of crocodiles. If you are as brave as you claim to be then. Malana caught it and unlike Biuag. Upon reaching the peak. The river stood still. The news spread fast and by mid-afternoon. Malana understood the hazards of the journey but finally volunteered to take the journey. women and children who had come to witness their heroes fight each other. He climbed the mountain on the eastern part of the river. Biuag was unmindful of the people's open admiration for Malana. He said to the lady: "Your suitor is very strong but he is a coward.

as riddling often becomes a favorite pastime during work or leisure and provides entertainment at most social gatherings.Malana's heart. Ariammu ibilang tu kukuwan Nu ari paga nakadde ta limam. (Candle) Egga y babui ta Manila Maguinna toye y guni na. For even the rice you carry to your mouth may still fall. She rose into the air and checked Malana's fall upon meeting him in mid-air. (Thunder) There are numerous proverbs known as unoni which reflect the life and the world of the Ibanag. 4 July 2013. Malana shouted: "There you are. Biuag emerged with the biggest crocodile under his arm. the beautiful woman gave her blessings to the people below and then flew with Malana in the kingdom of the air and the clouds where she reigned. Like the riddles. Malana accepted the challenges as he leaped from the mountain. will be stripped.Riddles which are called palavvuh can be classified as a form of social literature. (Arugok) My pig in Manila Its squeal can be heard here. proverbs and riddles. Biuag leaped into the river. The woman looked down at Biuag and said: "You have shown yourself a coward by getting the help of a crocodile. these proverbs are often expressed in monorhyming couplets of 5 to 12 syllables per line. All are transmitted orally. 357): Y baruasi nga inikkaw. I am the daughter of the goddess who gave you your supernatural powers. The people were troubled.) Literary Arts Ibanag folk literature consists of the folk speech. You do not deserve the gift. They knew too well the accurate deadliness of this terrible spear. composed of myths and legends. The hundreds of people watching the fight suddenly fell on their knees. Malana's chest was hit but his heart was not pierced. and the folk narratives. Kitu nga nepallo y uvug na . (Kandela) There is a certain fool That eats up its own body. 388): Egga y tadday nga ulapa Funnuan na kanan y bagui na. These proverbs contain many of the basic tenets about life and human nature upheld by the people. It is now my turn!" Before Malana would finish uttering the warning. Gigantic waves dashed against the rocks and shook the mountain where Malana stood. Even in the street. with no weapons whatsoever." With the magic wand. Instead the spear broke into two when it reached the bottom of the river. Most of the riddles take the form of monorhyming couplets (Eugenio 1982:379. Nu ari atazzi. Here are some examples (Eugenio 1982:353-354. They saw a dazzling light that sparkled. (Province of Cagayan Website: Arts. namely. alawa nikao. One who wears something borrowed. The crocodile opened wide its jaws. Web. Do not consider as certain that which you do not actually hold. Biuag.

such as the sky or the underworld. When the man does not arrive at the usual time. The old man asks for some fish but Lakay-lakay turns him down and walks on. as they became more prosperous. there are two rocks which take the features of a man and a woman. The gods feel sorry for the family so they give the man power over the sea and the winds in that area. As he grows up. The captain. Everytime Lakay-lakay has a good catch. In return. lived near the sea. animals. a vessel sailed near the rocks. When he lights his long pipe. There is a legend behind these stones. A popular Ilocano legend entitled ―The Legend of Lakay-Lakay‖ is actually Ibanag coopted by the Ilocano who inhabit the northeastern part of Cagayan (Cagayan Almanac 1970). Still another myth. Whenever the couple go out to work. Stories relate that during the Spanish period. The myths are prose narratives that explain the origin of the world. When he blows. Clouds. This popularity makes him so proud that he challenges God himself. Ubing-ubing. ―Y Naggafuanan na Aruguk. To prove his strength. thunder rolls. the gods always give them a bountiful catch. while the wife is pounding rice. Lightning. Bernardo Carpio is recognized as the strongest man not only in the village but in the whole country. the earth shakes. the earth shakes (Eugenio 1994:264-265).Awan tu makaga na. extends his arms to part them but gets crushed by them. The woman hastily turns her down and continues pounding. as a child. already exhibits extraordinary strength. The sailors were alarmed at the sight of the figures. In the afternoon. a beggar comes and asks for some rice. he brings the clouds together and the rain falls . The mother. As they are looking out into the sea. When there are no mor e toys to break. fishing net. they find all the baby‘s toys broken into pieces. the man goes out very early to fish as usual. Ironically. he goes between the warring mountains. Its characters are either humans or animals and deities with human attributes. When he shouts at his enemy. and rain to the giant who is imprisoned by an enemy in a big cave under the world. God gives him several trials. together with her child. Upon returning home. they also became more proud. and Rain) attributes the cause of thunder. Whenever Bernardo Carpio attempts to free himself from the two mountains. people. which in Ilocano means ―old man‖ and ―old woman‖ respectively. One morning. The next day. ordered that a cannon be fired at Lakay -lakay. Bernardo Carpio is the only son of a very poor couple. places. his wife offers fish to the gods. the last of which is for him to stop the quarrel between two big mountains. . legends are generally set in a period considered less remote. Smoke from his pipe forms the clouds. The woman clings to the stone figure and cries vehemently. Barking dogs Seldom bite. When he kicks the wall of his cave. Lakay-lakay meets a very old and sickly man. These rocks are called Lakay-lakay and Baketbaket. earthquake. They are fisherfolk. He is buried alive and only his head is left sticking out of the mountains. on his way home. the worried wife takes her child with her to look for him. But there is no trace of him. only to discover that it bears a strong resemblance to her husband. and fish basket. They proceed to the favorite fishing ground of the fisher. the child breaks the walls and studs of the house. lightning flashes across the sky. Kunam Anna Uran‖ (The Origin of Thunder. and other natural phenomena. Compared to the myths. One such myth. they leave the baby in the house. takes a raft and rows towards the stone. The gods hear her sobs and also changes her to a rock. The woman is left to put the house in order and prepare breakfast in time for her husband‘s arrival. Lakay-lakay together with Baket-baket and their child. The child who is left on the raft drifts away and he too is changed to a stone. laughing at the sailor‘s fears. who. lightning. Most of the recorded Ibanag myths deal with the origin of natural phenomena (Eugenio 1994:259-260). She finds close to it the man‘s raft. About 3 kilometers from the town proper of Claveria. The actions and adventures of these characters are set in the remote past and in another world. Kilakila. a rock resembling the features of a man slowly emerges from the sea. ―Y Paggafuanan na Lunig‖ (What Causes Earthquakes) attributes the origin of earthquakes to the legendary Bernardo Carpio.

towns. c. he and his family are feared by the fisherfolk. Nobody knew the name of the lady Biuag and Malana fought over.nlp. In my research. on weddings and other important events and were therefore handed down from generation to generation. I personally believe that Biuag was born in the first because my source identified a specific barrio where he was born—Tallag. Reportedly. so I leave it at that. The stories say that the two Supermen hurled coco trees against each other. a strong storm came. food. I wrote about Biuag and Malana. My preliminary research told me they were. b. The following is a summation of what I have: a. depicting the two‘s heroic deeds. it does not really matter much. Palattao. There were no provinces. d. There are two towns that claim to be Biuag‘s birthplace. When I get to visit San Pablo again. Those who pass the stone figure offer gifts in the form of money. For this reason. The epic of Biuag and Malana were first written on barks of trees and bamboo.ph:9000/shares/finders/CC01/NLP00VM052mcd/v1/v17. One is Rizal (Malaueg) and the other is Enrile. Cabagan and Enrile were neighboring towns. though. In the end. another says she was the daughter of one. Still another says that she was a lady from Tuao who possessed unsurpassed beauty. A source says she was a river goddess. I am not sure if this is really the popular version among Ybanags. f. I will ask . (http://nlpdl. I googled both their names and came out with about thirty entries. cigars. there are two sites along the Cagayan River where there were many coconut trees on both banks. I found a written epic of the two heroes in the internet. Northern Cagayan Ybanags also regard them as their own. But the more I read into what people have said and wrote about them. and fruits. I have found no other written source contradicting this. The first is Maquila (Cabagan—which then included San Pablo and Sta Maria) and the second is Enrile. Enrile‘s claim only comes from a written epic that I am sure has utilized substantial literary license to weave its story. the early inhabitants of Enrile town have the same surnames as the families who are our neighbors and relatives in San Pablo—Pagulayan. Malana is said to have been a native of Malaueg.gov. now endangered. the more I am confused. A newspaper account says that she had lips like those of the Pacific Salmon. it had Malana winning over Biuag. or lurung in Ybanag—our most prized fish from the river. For one. I resolved to dig deeper into their histories to find out if they were indeed historical figures. the Ybanags‘ legendary heroes. e. These tales were used as songs by bards during victories in wars. There are even two towns that claim to be the two‘s battlefield.pdf) Si Biuag anni Malana In my previous blog. The violent waves broke the vessel into pieces and drowned the Spanish captain and the sailors. broken here and there by Itawis villages. The southern Cagayan Ybanags believe them to have been born in one of their towns and have fought their great battle somewhere in Cagayan and not in San Pablo. Ilokanos and other peoples there then. Since then. and others. Before Cabagan was broken down into three towns. It was not just the northern Isabela Ybanags who revere them as legendary heroes. Guzman.As the bullet struck the brim of Lakay-lakay‘s hat. This is pretty understandable because much of the area had been Ybanag country. people have believed that Lakaylakay really has power over the sea and winds. now Rizal town in Western Cagayan.

Biuag was unmindful of the people‘s open admiration for Malana. Fitting the arrows. Biuag seemed troubled and unhappy. Biuag was taking lift of the young woman when he heard sounds of a thousand bamboo tubes. But. again. and handsome. He protected the Christianized Cabagueños from the head hunting Kalingas by using amulets and his reputed superhuman strength. broad-shouldered. Despite all these powers. When he was born. When it dawned on the child‘s mother that her visitor was a goddess.‖ But everyone loves a good yarn. Biuag laughed decisively and interpreted Malana‘s message in a different manner. His waking hours were thoughts of her. Biuag quivered at the sight of Malana. everyone was overjoyed. He distributed the rice to the people and went home. The lovely lady occupied his thoughts.the old folks if they have other versions. Niño. When Malana was eighteen. He grabbed his famous spear and hurried to the window towards Malana. the most historical version I‘ve heard was that. The people were in grip of appalling famine. He loaded cavans of palay to seven bamboo rafts. Prayers were offered for his safety. si Biuag anni Malana: Biuag was from Enrile. and I quote: ―Biuag is believed to have been born in barrio Tallag. One day. He saw approaching from a distance great number of people from Malaueg. Upon reaching his home. There was another young man from Malaueg. He said to the lady: ―Your suitor is very strong but he is a coward. Their only hope of starving off came from a very distant place. No one could tell where this lady came from nor could anyone say who this lady was. the crocodiles created a path for him. Malana succeeded Biuag following the death of the latter. It was very difficult and dangerous to journey the place.‖ . the southern most part of Cagayan. Biuag became furious. he paid her a visit and found out that Malana was also there. The latter spoke first: ―Now I know why you challenged me. The goddess made no reply. she placed three small stones around the neck of the baby where one stone protected him from any bodily harm. Biuag wanted to find her. The other two stones gave him supernatural powers and prowess. Malana understood the hazards of the journey but finally volunteered to take the journey. In the town of Tuao. So here they are. a devastating typhoon destroyed all the crops of Malaueg. people from far and wide places came to see him. called Malana who was gifted with powers similar to that of Biuag. he fell in love with a young lady with unsurpassed beauty. Malana recognized Biuag‘s spear and read it as a cha llenge. Leading the group was Malana – tall. Sto. When they saw him back. When he was big enough to swim across the wide river. He could uproot a big beetle nut as if it were a wood. Instead. He presumed these were made for him by his father who knew how fond he was of them. The people eagerly waited Malana‘s return. she knelt and implored her child with long life. On account of this display of extraordinary strength. Meanwhile. because the river to cross was wide and full of crocodiles. he found a bow and arrow on the bench.‖ One afternoon. It was Malana who initiated the first revolt in Cagayan Valley. He could throw easily a carabao across the hills when he was only at the age of twelve. his mother was visited by an exceptionally beautiful woman who silently admired the baby. He told the lady he will prove to her that Malana was unworthy of her love. he found two tiny stones just like those around Biuag‘s neck. He could go faster than the wind. You covet the woman I love. He hurled it back with the message that his powers were not meant for such feats.

They knew too well the accurate deadliness of this terrible spear. You do not deserve the gift. Upon reaching the peak. 1976. but I am ready to give you a chance. : s. The coconut tree flew like an arrow into the air. Print. Eugenio. Biuag arrived accompanied by the people of Enrile. Biuag. Bangan. If the lady would allow us. Malana caught it and unlike Biuag. From their position. If you are as brave as you claim to be then. ―the woman we both cherish is before us. Sadness was clearly etched on her face but this only heightened her ethereal beauty. women and children who had come to witness their heroes fight each other. Cagayan almanac. Today. Eugenio. carrying a big coconut tree and a sharp spear. 1932. Print. c1996. thick coconut grooves abound in that place. Malana accepted the challenges as he leaped from the mountain.. She rose into the air and checked Malana‘s fall upon meeting him in mid-air. He climbed the mountain on the eastern part of the river. Quinan. he heard the natives cheering Malana.The gods forbid anyone from taking anything that belongs to the other. Biuag emerged with the biggest crocodile under his arm. The crocodile opened wide its jaws. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. The woman looked down at Biuag and said: ―You have shown yourself a coward by getting the help of a crocodile. we shall fight for her hand. Gigantic waves dashed against the rocks and shook the mountain where Malana stood. 17 May 2008.) Books: Philippine folk literature: the legends / compiled and edited by Damiana L. The people were troubled. n. The news spread fast and by mid-afternoon. It is now my turn!‖ Before Malana would finish uttering the warning. Philippine folk literature: the epics. Damiana L. As these drew near. Pilar Alfonso. Quezon City: Office of Research Coordination University of the Philippines. Malana‘s chest was hit but his heart was not pierced. s. The day of the duel was controversial. the beautiful woman gave her blessings to the people below and then flew with Malana in the kingdom of the air and the clouds where she reigned. l. 2001. Print. he hurled it at the direction of Yeluru. Print. Malana went up the opposite mountain. He plucked the spear from the ground where he thrust it. [Tuguegarao : [s. Biuag became more insane. (Ka-blog. Mga kagamitang panturo na gumagamit ng apat na dimensyon ng pag-unawa sa pagbasa sa pagtuturo ng mga piling kuwentong-bayan ng Cagayan sa mga estudyanteng Ibanag sa ikaanim na grado.n. Web.‖ Without thinking. I am the daughter of the goddess who gave you your supernatural powers. with no weapons whatsoever. Biuag and Malana saw the beautiful lady on one of the rafts. Edna M. Instead the spear broke into two when it reached the bottom of the river. They saw a dazzling light that sparkled. 1970. He aimed it at Malana‘s heart.‖ With the magic wand. When she was near. he hurled the coconut tree at Malana. Everyone held his breath. The hundreds of people watching the fight suddenly fell on their knees. Malana shouted: ―There you are. The river stood still. . Wordpress. the two mountains and the outlaying hills were blanketed with men. He felt like barking a command to his followers to kill Malana‘s people. 4 July 2013.]. receive this gift of mine from Enrile. Biuag leaped into the river. Biuag shouted at Malana. Ibanag Folk Literature. they saw some rafts being pulled up.

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