API 572 Study Guide

Practice Questions
This following is a study aid that you can use to learn the details and content of API RP-572, Inspection of Pressure Vessels. There will be about 15-25 questions from this document on the API 510 exam. We do not spend time in class discussing this publication. So it is important that you become familiar with this content in your personal study sessions. Note! The study guide does not at this time have any questions for API 572 Appendix A. There will be some questions from Appendix A on the API exam. The questions in this study aid are in the same order as API 572. An answer key will be provided in class. It’s helpful to read a few pages of API 572 and then answer the questions associated with these pages. We suggest that you do this study guide at least twice prior to the API exam.

1.

Most pressure vessels are subjected to internal or external pressure that exceeds: a) b) c) d) 5 psig. 15 psig. 25 psig. 50 psig.

2. 3.

External pressure is usually caused by a vacuum or by using a ____________________ vessel. Vessel shell rings are normally made by: a) b) c) d) e) rolling plate at ambient temperatures. rolling plate at elevated temperatures. rolling plate at either elevated or ambient temperatures. forging. casting and machining.

4.

Shells constructed with multi-layers (a number of thin cylindrical sections) are normally used for vessels having: a) b) c) d) high design temperatures. high design pressures. exotic materials. a small diameter.

5.

Match the material with the service: A. B. C. Carbon Steel Copper Alloys Titanium _________ _________ _________ Cooling Water Sea Water Most Common Material

6.

What is the primary purpose for installing a lining on the inside of a vessel? a) b) c) d) Resist corrosion Improve heat transfer Improve fluid flow by decreasing the friction inside the vessel Minimized effort to clean vessel at future turnarounds

7.

When is a pressure vessel shell normally made from an alloy material? a) b) c) d) Corrosive service High operating pressures High operating temperatures Either high operating pressure or high operating temperature

MSTS

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September 2005

API 572 Study Guide
Practice Questions
8. List four types of Metallic Liners. a) b) 9. _________________________________ _________________________________ c) _________________________________ d) _________________________________

What are the two primary purposes for non-metallic liners? a) b) c) d) e) Resist erosion, insulate to reduce shell temperature Insulate to reduce shell temperature, resist thermal expansion Resist corrosion, resist thermal expansion Resist stress corrosion cracking, insulate to reduce shell temperature Beautify the facility, improve rate of heat transfer

10.

What is the most common feature of vessels that operate with a vacuum? a) b) c) d) Internally braces Stiffening rings Refractory lining Hemispherical heads

11.

An optionally part of an exchanger that is used to protect the tubes at the inlet nozzle is called a(n): a) b) c) d) baffle. demister mat. impingement plate. strip lining.

12.

What code is often used when constructing vessels that operate at high pressures? a) b) c) d) ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 1. ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 2 API/ASME Vessel Code. TEMA

13.

What codes are used when constructing a heat exchanger that is used in the petrochemical industry? a) b) c) d) API 660, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 661, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 660, API 661, TEMA API 660, API 661,. ASME Section VIII,

14.

All vessel manufacturers that build vessels to ASME Section VIII must have: a) b) c) d) an API 510 inspector on staff. access to an AWS inspector. a written quality-control manual. a machine capable of making dished heads.

15.

The vessel manufacturer stamps the vessel with the code symbol “U”. What is the meaning of a this code stamp? a) b) c) d) e) All applicable requirements of the ASME Code have been met All requirements of the U-Section in the ASME Code have been met Vessel has been hydrotested Vessel has been radiographed Vessel wall is of uniform thickness

MSTS

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September 2005

chromes and stainless steels 23. List the 3 basic forms of deterioration 1) 2) 3) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 20. An inspector should be familiar with any _____________________ that govern the inspection and maintenance of pressure vessels. below the upper transformation. 18. A vessel should be maintained in accordance with the: a) b) c) d) 17. construction code. code that was last used to rate the vessel. List process conditions that that could change the corrosion rate. pre-2000 edition of ASME Section VIII. 21. The corrosion rate resulting from corrosion-erosion is often: a) b) c) d) higher than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion. List the 2 basic reasons for inspection of pressure vessels 1) 2) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 19. 3 September 2005 MSTS .API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 16. uniform throughout the whole vessel. in an intermittent service. Insulated carbon steel vessels may be subject to CUI if operating: a) b) c) d) above the lower-transformation temperature. lower than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion. List the temperature range where CUI is most prevalent: 1) 2) Carbon Steels Stainless Steels _________________oF _________________oF 24. above 700 oF. latest edition of ASME Section VIII. higher in stagnant areas. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 22. What metallurgies are most affected by CUI? a) b) c) d) Carbon steel and low chromes Carbon steel and all chromes Carbon steel and stainless steels Carbon steel.

Which of the following methods is NOT used to detect CUI? a) b) c) d) e) 26. operating deposits are found in a specific section of the vessel. List four common areas where corrosion-erosion can occur. Weld quality RT Profile RT Guided-wave UT Electromagnetic methods Visual inspection after removal of insulation Which deterioration mechanism can cause direction grooving? a) b) c) d) Erosion Oxidation Sulfidation Temper-embrittlement 27. The inspector must: a) b) c) d) have all deposits removed. During an internal inspection. 1) 2) 3) 4) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 28.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 25. When checking for cracks. which of the following inspection techniques is useful only for surface or near-surface cracks? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Radiography UT angle beam 30. Match up the corrosion mechanism with the applicable material. What is a useful technique to use to evaluate the vessel cladding from outside surface of the vessel? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Profile radiography UT thickness gauging 31. MSTS 4 September 2005 . determine if corrosion is occurring under the deposits. (SCC = stress corrosion cracking) A) B) C) D) E) Chloride SCC Polythionic SCC Caustic SCC Amine SCC Carbonate SCC _____ Alkaline systems _____ Non-stress relieved carbon steel _____ Stainless steel _____ Operating temperatures over 400 oF _____ Sensitized stainless steel 29. record the volume of the deposits. determine the cause of the deposits.

Cracking occurring in deaerators is attributed to: a) b) c) d) corrosion fatigue. List the three primary factors of creep: 1) 2) 3) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ 5 September 2005 MSTS . A prime location for thermal fatigue is at: a) b) c) d) circumferential welds. but relatively few cycles to propagate the crack all the way through the vessel wall. Creep Fatigue Graphitization Temper-embrittlement Which of the following vessels is most susceptible to fatigue? a) b) c) d) Coke drum Crude column FCCU regenerator Hydrotreater reactor 34. chrome welds. mechanical fatigue. thermal fatigue. dissimilar welds. 39. Why is it difficult to find fatigue cracking? a) b) c) d) Fatigues cracks are very tight It is very difficult to predict the location of fatigue cracking The growth rate of fatigue cracks is very slow It takes many cycles to initate the crack. What is a common cause for high-cycle fatigue? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures High operating temperatures High operating pressures Excess vibrations from mechanical equipment 35.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 32. stainless steel welds. velocity fatigue. What NDE method checks for cracks by increasing the vessel pressure above its normal operating pressure? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Guided wave UT MFL 38. 36. Which deterioration mechanism is caused by cyclic stresses? a) b) c) d) 33. 37.

High temperature sulfide attack usually appears as: a) b) c) d) cracks. Which of the following can permeate steel (migrate through the steel)? a) b) c) d) Atomic hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and molecular hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and atomic helium Molecular hydrogen and helium 43. 46. A partial buried vessel should be inspected for soil-to-air corrosion. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) chrome content increases. molybdenum content increases. High temperature sulfidation can begin to occur at temperatures above __________ oF. atomic hydrogen reacts to form hydrocarbons. 44. carbon content increases. 6 to 12 inches. pits. 45. 3 to 6 inches. What publication provides safe operation limits for steels operating in hydrogen service? a) b) c) d) e) ASME Section II ASME Section VIII API 579 API 941 API 2201 47. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) operating temperature decreases.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 40. nickel content increases. atomic hydrogen reacts to form water. To perform this inspection. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form atomic hydrogen. the soil should be excavated: a) b) c) d) 1 to 2 inches. 41. operating pressure decreases. metal grain size decreases. localized thinned areas. Creep cracking begins to occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF. 49. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form water. At high temperatures: a) b) c) d) 42. 48. HTHA can occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF. metal grain size increases. uniform corrosion. MSTS 6 September 2005 . 12 to 36 inches.

the corrosion rate to increase. There are various ways that these living organisms cause the actual corrosion to occur. and numerous pressure cycles High operating temperature. Which of the following is NOT a problem caused by decarburization? a) b) c) d) Material strength decreases Material toughness decreases Hardness of material increases Fatigue strength decreases 56. and a process that reacts with carbon High operating temperature. penetrant testing. pressure cycles. and numerous pressure cycles Low operating temperatures. excessive thermal expansion. What is a common micro-organism in soils that can cause biological corrosion? a) b) c) d) amoebas chloride-reducing bacteria sulfate-reducing bacteria oxygen-reducing parasites 52. and a process that reacts with carbon 55. straight beam UT. Hydrogen normally slows down the corrosion rate on the external surface. Small living organisms are the cause of biological corrosion. operating at cold temperatures. Since less hydrogen is now available. Changes in a metal’s microstructure can be caused by: a) b) c) d) improper heating and cooling. Which of the following is NOT a way biological corrosion occurs? a) b) c) d) 51.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 50. Decarburization is found using: a) b) c) d) metallography. Organisms consumes (reacts with) hydrogen. Atomic nitrogen reacts with iron to form iron nitrate. 53. MSTS 7 September 2005 . A) B) C) D) Decarburization Graphitization Dealloying Temper Embrittlement _____ Selective leaching of a material in an alloy _____ Loss of carbon near surface of ferrous material _____ A metallurgical change that occurs to Cr-Mo alloys due to operating at high temperatures _____ Conversion of carbides to carbon nodules 54. Creates an electrolytic concentration cell Creates by-products that are corrosive Creates atomic nitrogen. What two factors cause decarburization in ferrous materials? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures. MFL. Match up the deterioration mechanism with the applicable description.

What materials are most susceptible to temper embrittlement? a) b) c) d) e) Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Low chromes All chromes Stainless steels 62. When do most brittle failures in pressure vessels occur? a) b) c) d) During the vessel’s first winter weather During the first hydrotest After prolong exposure to temperatures above 250oF. low chromes.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 57. Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Carbon steel and all chromes High nickel alloys Stainless steels Graphitization occurs when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) many temperature cycles. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 1100oF. dezincification can occur in which materials? a) b) c) d) Brass Bronze Monel Alloy 20 61. atomic hydrogen. post-weld heat treat materials. 63. thin-wall materials. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 450oF. Which type of graphitization is most likely to lead to a mechanical failure? a) b) c) d) Localized graphitization Random graphitization Uniform graphitization Spot graphitization 60. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 750oF. atomic hydrogen. Temper embrittlement is caused when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) low temperatures. After the first pressure cycle 8 September 2005 MSTS . 59. What materials are most susceptible to Graphitization? a) b) c) d) e) 58. 64. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 825oF. In some water services. Brittle fracture is usually not a concern when using: a) b) c) d) carbon steels.

zinc. e. stamping in the vessel component. an interval is selected so that at the next inspection: a) b) c) d) the wall thickness is not less than the minimum required thickness. The most common method to check for freeze damage is by: a) b) c) d) visual inspection. 68. Which of the following deterioration mechanisms can be corrected by annealing the steel? a) b) c) d) Decarburization Dealloying Temper embrittlement HTHA 67. at least 50% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. at least 0. oxygen. tee joint or angle joint. welding flaw. tray ring weld. One important factor in developing an inspection plan for the next inspection is to occasionally check the: a) b) c) d) Operating department’s equipment records. this the initiating point is a: a) b) c) d) 66. Brittle failures initiate at a notch or stress concentration. Hydriding of titanium alloys is caused when the material absorbs: a) b) c) d) hydrogen. Environmental department’s equipment records. angle beam UT.100” of corrosion allowance remains. 69.g. at least 25% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. nozzle-to-shell weld. When setting the inspection interval for the internal inspection. Financial department’s equipment records. MSTS 9 September 2005 . Most often. lamination in the plate. eddy current examination. Which of the following is NOT a potential result of an improper heat treatment? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) High residual stresses Increased density of material Hard zones in material Soft zones in materials Increased material strength Decreased material strength Increased susceptibility to cracking 70.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 65. 71. Maintenance department’s equipment records. digital UT. nitrogen.

Small depressions on platforms are of concern since these can: a) b) c) d) collect and hold water. 74. which of the following activities does the inspector NOT need to do? a) b) c) d) e) 73. A vessel has a refractory lining. rated for the appropriate gaseous atmosphere. 77. Review the vessel’s service conditions Determine what is being offered as the “daily special” at the local lunch café. be rather ugly and prevent your facility from achieving API’s Petrochemical Facility of the Year award. It is now important to: a) b) c) d) replace the refractory with superior materials. potentially causing accelerated corrosion. During the internal inspection. remove the damaged refractory plus 50% more to determine the base metal condition. what is one potential problem? a) b) c) d) Residual penetrant can cause crevice corrosion Residual penetrant can cause steel to become anodic Vapors from the exam can displace air It is more difficult to prepare the shell for the exam as compared to other NDE methods 76. Crevice corrosion is NOT common at which of the following locations? a) b) c) d) Under nuts on anchor bolts At repad-to-shell welds Where handrail supports slip into platform sleeves Between exchanger shell and cradle support MSTS 10 September 2005 . by visual examination and hammer-testing. Review the equipment construction details. an small area of damaged refractory is found. When performing a PT examination inside an exchanger shell. by visual examination and RT. by visual examination and UT.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 72. certified by UL-142. Before performing a vessel inspection. Review past inspection records. remove and replace all the refractory in the entire vessel. 78. remove enough of the refractory to determine the condition of the base metal. All NDE tools should be: a) b) c) d) calibrated daily. Check with Operations to determine whether there were any abnormal operating conditions. create flexing that could cause a fatigue failure. calibrated weekly. create a tripping hazard. Ladders and platforms should be inspected: a) b) c) d) only with a visual examination. 75.

Poor materials. What examination method is normally used to examine in-service anchor bolts? a) b) c) d) e) Visual UT Eddy current Hammer-testing Acid etching 83. using an anchor bolt of insufficient length. Excessive settlement. 11 September 2005 MSTS . UT. 82. profile RT. What is the best way to prevent external corrosion on structural steel? a) b) c) d) Painting Fireproofing Galvanizing Insulation 84.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 79. Which of the following is usually NOT a cause of large cracks in a concrete foundations? a) b) c) d) 80. High temperature. selecting the wrong material for the anchor bolt. acoustic emission. are usually not a serious concern. Guy wires supporting tall vessels should be examined using: a) b) c) d) visual examination. Poor design. should always be repaired with a cement material similar to the original material. Small hair-like cracks in concrete foundations: a) b) c) d) should always be caulked. A distorted anchor bolt is usually the result of: a) b) c) d) serious foundation settlement. should be further examined by hammer-testing. using an anchor bolt of insufficient diameter. 81. What is a good way to check for disbanded fireproofing? a) b) c) d) e) Visual examination UT Eddy current Hammer-testing with light taps Sledge hammer-testing with a 25 lb sledge hammer 85. What is one important item to check during an External inspection of an exchanger? a) b) c) d) Surface temperature at the inlet and outlets The floating end of the exchanger is free to slide on it’s support Determine the fluid flow rate through both the shell side and tube side of the exchanger Measure the clearance between the shell and the ground 86.

What should be done if shell distortion is found at a nozzle? a) b) c) d) Check for cracking on all nozzle welds Check the hardness of nozzle welds and nozzle components Check thickness by taking UT readings on a 2” grid on all nozzle components and on the distorted area of the shell. Guy wire clips should be placed at a spacing of at least: a) b) c) d) 88.0 ohms. Catalytic reformer vessels may have creep damage if the operating temperature is above _______ oF The grooves on an existing ring-joint flange should be checked for ___________________. a welding machine or from an electrical short. 50 ohms. an electrical short or from static electricity. 3”. corrosion fatigue. 3 guy wire diameters. 6”. Which of the following would be most affected if a vessel foundation experiences excessive settlement? a) b) c) d) e) Stiffener rings Relief devices Nozzles with attached piping Manways Top head 89. 94. graphitization.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 87. 10 ohms. 92. 93. Vessel grounding connections are primarily needed to provide a path for electrical current from: a) b) c) d) a lighting strike or from a welding machine. 95. dealloying. The maximum permitted resistance-to-ground for a vessel grounding system is: a) b) c) d) e) 0.5 ohms. MSTS 12 September 2005 . 25 ohms. Existing slip-on flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) chloride cracking. a lighting strike or from static electricity. Grooves on existing stainless steel flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking. temper embrittlement. creep. 5. Only note the distortion in your inspection report 90. crevice corrosion. 6 guy wire diameters. 91.

yellow sticky deposit. caustic embrittlement is least likely at: a) b) c) d) heating coil connections. The minimum number of TML’s required for a routine vessel is at least _______ thickness reading(s) on each shell ring. and _______ thickness reading(s) on each head. Caustic that seeps through a crack will often leave a: a) b) c) d) brown residue. In a caustic storage vessel. HTHA. 104. Which of the following is NOT a significant factor in atmosphere corrosion? a) b) c) d) vessel operating pressure relative humidity chemical vapors metal surface temperature 103. nozzles. fatigue cracking. polytheonic cracking. areas of high stress. Which of the following coating failures is easily missed during a visual examination? a) b) c) 97. 101. What two on-stream NDE techniques may be able to locate moist insulation? a) b) c) d) e) f) Real-time RT and Thermography Real-time RT and MFL Neutron back scatter and Thermography Neutron back scatter and MFL Neutron back scatter and Real-time RT Thermography and MFL 99. 100. MSTS 13 September 2005 . A vessel operates in a cyclic temperature service. internal baffles or vortex breakers.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 96. Pit depth is normally measured with a ________________________________. Film lifting Blisters Rust spots Where are two likely areas where paint failures occur? a) b) c) d) e) Top heads and nozzles Weld seams and nozzles Top heads and moist crevices Weld seams and moist crevices Nozzles and moist crevices 98. The vessel support-to-vessel welds should be checked using MT or PT to check for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking. black hard residue. white salt. 102.

750 oF. graphitization. caustic cracking. Extra cleaning such as abrasive-grit or water blasting may be required when inspecting for: a) b) c) d) localized thin areas. usually are adequate to meet the inspector’s needs for an internal inspection. temper embrittlement. Tough question! The temperature of a hot-spot on a refractory lined vessel should be periodically checked. visual exam using a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. 107. MT or PT. hammer testing. 108. A vessel contains an acid corrodent. stress corrosion cracking. Small blisters can be easily detected by: a) b) c) d) feeling the surface with your fingers. HTHA. Blisters on a vessel shell can be easily detected with: a) b) c) d) UT. A hot-spot has developed on a refractory lined carbon steel vessel. Which of the following is NOT an acceptable method for checking the temperature? a) b) c) d) Portable thermocouple Thermography Temperature indicating crayons. Place your hand on surface for exactly 1 second. Normal vessel cleaning methods. 850 oF.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 105. 1100 oF. Calculate the vessel temperature based on the depth of the 3rd degree burns on your hand. like steam cleaning. During the next internal inspection the wall at the hot-spot should be metallurgically examined whenever the metal temperature has exceeded: a) b) c) d) 450 oF. Why is wet fluorescent magnetic particle testing often used to detect certain types of cracking? a) b) c) d) Easier to perform than other types of MT Requires less effort to qualify the NDE examiner as compared to dry MT More sensitive technique as compared to dry MT Equipment to perform the exam is less expensive than what is needed for other MT exams 109. hydrogen blistering. deep pitting. thermal fatigue cracking. The areas directly below the liquid level are likely to be subject to: a) b) c) d) e) 106. magnetic flux leakage. 110. visual exam using a flashlight beam perpendicular to the shell. MSTS 14 September 2005 . RT. 111.

What is the normal cause of corrosion associated with reboilers? a) b) c) d) Hot process decomposes to form acids Hot process decomposes to form polytheonic caustic Increased velocity of returning process causes erosion Deposits in the process cause oxygen pitting 119. localized thin areas (LTA’s). at the tower where the cold process returns. bottom of the crude unit’s fractionating column. ph is the highest. When a reboiler is used with a tower (fractionating column). top head of the tower. cracks in the weld and heat affected zones. 115. An internal inspection will be performed on a vessel. Collect all necessary inspection tools Check the vessel permitting requirements Collect the necessary personnel protective equipment Read the previous inspection reports Sulfidation is a common concern at the: a) b) c) d) top of the crude unit’s fractionating column. (once again proving it is difficult to come up with 3 wrong answers!) 117. 120. 15 September 2005 MSTS . what corrosion mechanism is likely to occur? a) b) c) d) Stress corrosion cracking Dealloying Concentration cell corrosion Sludgitization 116. If sludge settles on the bottom head of a vessel. vessel’s anchor bolts. Most cracks that occur in a vessel occur at ______________________. a) b) c) d) cracks in the base metal. 114. What is the initial step to be performed? a) b) c) d) 113. vessel wall opposite the nozzle. Exchangers in cooling water service have the highest corrosion rates where the: a) b) c) d) velocity is the highest. a likely place for corrosion is on the: a) b) c) d) inlet nozzle. A vessel subject to wet hydrogen sulfide or cyanide environments is susceptible to. If steam is injected into a vessel. a common place for corrosion is: a) b) c) d) the inlet to the reboiler. top of a hydrotreater reactor.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 112. at the tower where the hot process returns. 118. bottom of a hydrotreater reactor. vessel wall directly below the nozzle. velocity is the lowest. extensive pitting. water temperature is the highest.

An easy way to find this corrosion is by: a) b) c) d) spot UT. An impingement plate is installed on an exchanger bundle. visual examination and UT. shining a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. UT and some type of crack detection NDE method. Coarse-grain steels Fine-grain steels 126. dry particle MT. Often corrosion will occur on the shell of an exchanger at the location of the baffles. 100% of the internal surface should be cleaned. MSTS 16 September 2005 . 125. visual examination. Exchanger shell near the impingement plate Tubesheet Tubes near the impingement plate Inlet nozzle During an internal inspection: a) b) c) d) at least 10% of all welds should be checked with either MT or PT. 127. Which of the following steels is most likely to crack? a) b) c) d) Steels with a tensile strength lower than 70. visual examination and some type of crack detection NDE method.e.000 psi. wet fluorescent particle MT. a) b) c) d) __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ 124. List 4 major areas where cracks occur in vessels made of low chromes (i. 123. hammer-testing should be performed on all nozzles. eddy current testing. 1-1/4 & 2-1/4 Cr). Normally tower (column) trays are inspected using: a) b) c) d) only a visual examination.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 121. What area is most susceptible to corrosion? a) b) c) d) 122.000 psi Steels with a yield strength above 20. visual examination. thickness readings should be taken at suspect locations. A very effective means to find cracks is by using: a) b) c) d) MFL. red dye PT.

it is important to determine the: a) b) c) d) thickness of the liner. 134. 135. cracking. the identification of the welder who previously installed the liner. Loose or cracked metallic linings can be found using: a) b) c) d) light taps with a hammer. dealloying. displacement of the bulged area. acoustic emission. visual inspection. Bulged linings are often the indication of a _______________ in the liner. caustic embrittlement. oxidation. Whenever there are indications that a metallic liner has leaked. fatigue. How can small blisters easily be found? a) b) c) d) Feel metal surface with your fingers Visual examination Hammer-testing Spot UT readings 130. cracking. localized thinned areas. What is the most common cause of exchanger shell out-of-roundness? a) b) c) d) e) f) Over pressure Elevated temperature Metal fatigue Creep Welding repairs to the shell Meteor strike 131. Vessels containing amines are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) oxygen pitting. 132. dew point corrosion. Deaerators used for boiler feedwater are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) pitting. Areas directly above the liquid level in vessels containing acidic corrodents s are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) f) 129. hydrogen blistering. dealloying. MT. uniform corrosion. Existing exchanger shells sometimes become out of round making it difficult to reinsert the bundle. 17 September 2005 MSTS .API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 128. graphitization. caustic embrittlement. 133. condition of the base metal under the liner. creep.

142. eddy current. When a refractory lining cracks. A break or void in a paint coating is called a: a) b) c) d) e) blister. What type of weld metal overlay is often used for hydrotreater reactors? a) b) c) d) e) 137. A common tool used to find breaks in a pipe coating is: a) b) c) d) acoustic emission. Low chromes High chromes Austenitic stainless steel Stabilized austenitic stainless steel High nickel alloys What are the two primary purposes for refractory linings? 1) 2) ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 138. lamination.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 136. Spark testing is being performed on a coating. holiday. spark testing. What happens if the voltage on a spark tester exceeds the dielectric strength of the coating? a) b) c) d) e) Coating will become magnetic Strength of the coating bond increases A hole is “blown” in the coating Coating will crack Creates a nuclear chain reaction that will destroy the entire universe 141. always clearly identified on a U-1 form. always considered extra corrosion allowance. never allowed. 143. MFL (magnetic flux leakage). Extra metal thickness in a vessel is: a) b) c) d) sometimes used as nozzle reinforcement. A common tool used to inspect refractory is a _________________________. what is a common problem that occurs to the base metal? a) b) c) d) Dew point corrosion Dealloying Excessive thermal stress Brittle failure MSTS 18 September 2005 . 140. film lift off. 139. voidea.

What is one negative aspect of a vacuum test? a) b) c) d) Location of leak is not easily identified There are additional safety precautions as compared to a hydrotest Creating the vacuum requires expensive equipment The vacuum must be held for 24 hours MSTS 19 September 2005 . vessels where internal inspections are difficult to perform. large vessels. What is the most important concern when hydrotesting a large in-service vessel? a) b) c) d) Rope off an area equal to 1000 sq. A pneumatic pressure test is performed on a large vessel. Acoustic emission testing is especially useful on: a) b) c) d) vessels of simplistic design. What method is often used to detect metallurgical changes to the base metal? a) b) c) d) e) 145. It is recommended NOT to hammer test vessels that are _________________________. Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Flash radiography Impact tests What method is often used to detect carburization and decarburization? a) b) c) d) e) Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Hardness testing Impact tests 146. What is one way to determine the location of remote leaks? a) b) c) d) Block-in the vessel and see if the pressure drops UT leak detector Binoculars Thermography 151. 150.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 144. for every 1’ of vessel height Provide multiple calibrated pressure gauges Assure the water used has less than 50 ppm of particulates Assure vessel foundation and supports are adequate for the hydrotest weight 149. ft. Which of the following is NOT a purpose of a pressure test? a) b) c) d) Validate vessel MDMT Assure equipment tightness Assure equipment integrity Redistribute stresses at discontinuities 148. A vessel is being vacuum tested. 147. heat exchangers.

the requirements of which code should be followed? a) b) c) d) e) f) ASME B&PV Section I ASME B&PV Section V ASME B&PV Section VIII ASME B31. 154. 10oF. A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 1. above the vessel MDMT.25”. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 153. 10oF. When performing a pneumatic pressure test. above the vessel MDMT.3 API 579 API 2201 155. The bundle is in the shell and the channel cover is removed.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 152. Leaking tubes Roll leaks on both ends. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 156. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 157. tube leaks. A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak.5”. and floating head gasket leaks The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 20 September 2005 MSTS . 10oF. A shell-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 2. 30oF. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) f) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. The bundle is outside the shell and a test head is bolted to the stationary tubesheet. 30oF. above the vessel MDMT. 60oF. 30oF. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 10oF. The bundle is in the shell and the piping connected to a bottom shell nozzle is removed. 60oF. above the vessel MDMT. 30oF.

The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run. Which of the following components usually does NOT have a specified minimum thickness? a) b) c) d) e) Top head Nozzle reinforcement Metallic liner Platform handrail Internal baffle 164.. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) 159. a tube roll-leak is discovered. replaced in kind. rerolled. Before applying a high-pressure hydrotest to a bundle. have multiple pressure gauges connected for the test. it is important to: a) b) c) d) determine whether the tubes are thick enough for the external pressure.500” plate. removed. to improve the joint efficiency. replaced with improved metallurgy. The extra 0. to minimize the number of RT’s. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) replaced in kind.352” and has a corrosion allowance of 0. removed. assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. During a bundle pressure test.. plugged. check the chloride content of the water. If a jurisdiction requires a vessel repair to meet the National Board Inspection Code. rerolled. 162.125”. what stamp would have to be used by the Repair Organization? a) b) c) d) e) A U UV R VR 21 September 2005 MSTS . A shell has a minimum thickness of 0. so the designer orders 0. The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run. During a bundle pressure test. 161. 160. determine how far an area should be roped off. a leaking tube is discovered. it is important to: a) b) c) d) connect a PRV to prevent excessive pressure. determine whether the tubesheet is thick enough for the pressure. The total thickness needed is 0.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 158. replaced with improved metallurgy.477”. in the design of nozzle reinforcement.023” is usually consider extra corrosion. but often the designer uses the “extra” metal (and the extra is no longer extra): a) b) c) d) in the design of vessel stiffening. assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. Before applying a hydrotest to the shell-side of a carbon steel bundle. plugged. 163.

5 ft2 is built-up with weld metal. A crack in a vessel is removed. the craftsman must be qualified in accordance with ASME B&PV Section IX. The groove: a) b) c) d) e) must always be filled with weld metal of the same metallurgy as the base metal. MSTS 22 September 2005 . should be filled with weld metal of a higher tensile strength than the base metal. should be filled with weld metal of a higher alloy than the base metal. should be filled with weld metal of the same tensile strength as the base metal. should be repaired with epoxy based materials. should always be replaced. can be left unfilled provided adequate wall thickness remains and edges are blended. 168. 167. A corroded shell area that has an area of 2. are acceptable provided the tread thickness is adequate. the base metal should only be a P1 or P-3 material. How should the repair area normally be inspected? a) b) c) d) 166. Visual examination Visual examination and either MT or PT Visual examination and spot UT Visual examination and eddy current When removing a crack in a vessel using flame or arc gouging: a) b) c) d) care must be taken to prevent the crack from growing.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 165. the crack length cannot be greater than allowed in API 579. Stairway treads that have been worn smooth: a) b) c) d) can be roughened by placing weld beads on the worn surface.

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