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1. Start 2. 3D and CAD 3. AutoCad
Typing a Command All AutoCAD commands can be typed in at the command line. Many commands also have one or two letter aliases that can also be typed as shortcuts to the commands. 1. Type the desired command at the command prompt. Command : LINE or 2. Type the command’s alias. Command: L 3. Press ENTER/Space to end. 4. Type an option at the command prompt.
TIP: Many AutoCAD commands require you to press ENTER to complete the command. You know you are no longer in an AutoCAD command when you see a blank command line.
Reissuing the Last Command The last used AutoCAD command can be re-entered by one of the following three methods of ENTER. The ENTER key on the keyboard will always act as ENTER, the SPACEBAR and RIGHT MOUSE will act as enter most of the time (exceptions include placing TEXT). 1. Press the ENTER key on the keyboard or 2. Press the Space bar on the keyboard. or 3. Click the right mouse button.
Pointing Device (Mouse)
AutoCAD uses either a mouse or digitizing tablet to select objects in a drawing. Left Mouse Button Used to pick or select objects 1. Click the left mouse button to select an object area in the drawing. 2. Press ESC twice to deselect an object (or to cancel a command). Right Mouse Button Used to enter a command, repeat last command, or access shortcut menus. 1. Click the right mouse button.
TIPS: • SHIFT + the right mouse button brings up the object snap menus. • Various screen locations for the mouse brings up different menus.• menus.
Shifts the location of a view. 1. Choose View, Pan. or 2. Click the Pan icon. or 3. Type PAN from the command prompt. Command: PAN or P
While in the PAN command, click with the right mouse button to see the following menu.
Panning can also be done by using the window scroll bars
or 2. Magnification relative to ZOOM All display Magnification relative to current display (1X) Specifies center point and new display height. Zoom. or 3. Command: Zoom or Z 4. Displays current drawing content as large as possible. Click a Zoom icon. Restores previous view. Number Number X Center Dynamic TIPS: -While in the ZOOM command. Designates rectangular area to be drawn as large as possible.1 ZOOM Increases or decreases the apparent size of objects in the current viewport 1.5. Type One of the following zoom options: The following are basic zoom options: All Extents Previous Window Places entire drawing (all visible layers) on display at once. Type ZOOM at the command prompt. Forces a regeneration. . Choose View. Permits you to pan a box representing the viewing screen around the entire generated portion of the drawing and enlarge or shrink it. click with the right mouse button to see the menu to the right.
New. the drawing as another name. Type NEW at the Command prompt.2. TIP: New drawings can also be created from Template Files. 7. . Choose File. Press CTRL + N or 3. Command: NEW 5. The OK button. or 4. 6. 1. Click the New icon. or 2. Choose Click Save One of the options for creating a new drawing.2 Creating a New Drawing NEW Command Creates a new drawing file.
Click the Undo icon. including those that open. change the graphics display. regenerate the drawing. Command: REDO TIPS: -UNDO has no effect on some commands and system variables. Type REDO at the command prompt to redo the last undo command. 4. close. Redo. or 3. Choose Edit.1. Undo. or 3. or 2. -REDO must immediately follow the U or UNDO command. Type U at the command prompt to undo the last command. Press CTRL + Z. 1. 1. Command: U Redo Reverses the effects of a single UNDO or U command. Choose Edit. or export the drawing in a different format.11 Undo and Redo Reverses the last action. Click the Redo icon. or save a window or a drawing. or 2. . display information.
12 Function Keys and Accelerator Keys .1.
Click the OPEN icon. or 4. The OK button. It will not show a preview of drawings saved before R13 AutoCAD. Press Double Click Click Click ENTER the desired directory to find the drawing to open. OPEN. Command: OPEN 5. 8. Type OPEN at the command prompt. This image is the view that was last saved in the drawing. TIP: -Preview shows a bitmap image of the drawing selected. or 2. Press CTRL + O. . or 3. Choose File. 7. the drawing name to open.2.1 Open Existing Drawings 1. 6.
Click the Save icon. 1. R13.g. If the drawing is named. Command:QSAVE TIPS: Drawings can be saved as different versions of AutoCAD (e.) AutoSave settings under Tools. AutoCAD displays the Save Drawing As dialog box (see SAVEAS) and saves the drawing with the file name and format you specify. R 2000. Type QSAVE at the command prompt. AutoCAD saves the drawing using the file format specified on the Open and Save tab of the Options dialog box and does not request a file name. etc. If the drawing is unnamed.Quick Save The QSAVE command is equivalent to clicking Save on the File menu. R14. Options… . Press CTRL + S. or 3. or 2.
Useful Commands .
7. OSNAP specifies running object snap modes. 1. 5. Right Click the Object Snap TAB.. Click OSNAP on the Status Bar. Choose an object snap to turn ON/OFF from the dialog box. which remain active until you turn them off.. Type DDOSNAP at the command prompt Command: DDOSNAP or 3. Choose Tools. or 2.1 Running Object Snaps An object snap mode specifies a snap point at an exact location on an object. 4. Drafting Settings. .
4.58 - .. . a precision setting.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial UNITS Command 8. Command: DDUNITS or UN 3. or DDUNITS at the command prompt. Units. 2..5 1. Choose Type Format. Choose Choose a units and angle setting.
or 2. Choose Draw. Line. Type C to create a closed polygon To point : C (close) TIPS: • You can continue the previous line or arc by responding to the From point: prompt with a space or ENTER. Type LINE from the command prompt Command: LINE or L 4. Press Pick Pick Pick Press ENTER From point: (point) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) ENTER to end line sequence or 9. 7. Click the Line icon. • Choose the right mouse button for the line pop-up menu to appear while in the line command .1 Line Command Creates single straight line segments 1.3. 5. or 3. Type U to undo the last segment To point: U (undo) or 10. 6. 8.
or a combination of the two. Pick Type A point on the drawing to start the polyline From point:(select) One of the following options Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: or 6.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Pline Command 15. Pick Type the Pline icon. Polyline.1 A polyline is a connected sequence of line segments created as a single object. 1. arc segments.128 - . You can create straight line segments. 5. PLINE at the command prompt Command : PLINE or PL 4. 3. or 2. Choose Draw. Pick A point to continue drawing Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: (pick point) Polyline as one segment .
Line drawn with ORTHO ON Line drawn with ORTHO OFF . 1. Press CTRL + L.4 Orthogonal Lines Controls lines from being drawn at various angles to straight lines. or 3. Press Function Key F8. Double Click ORTHO from the Status Bar. ortho mode rotates accordingly. or 2.3. When the snap grid is rotated.
. Choose Draw.e. other corner or type coordinates (i. Rectangle.137 - .2). or Rectang at the command prompt Command: RECTANG Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width/ <First corner>: 4. @4. 3.2 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Rectangle 16. Pick Pick first corner. 5. or 2. Click Type the Rectangle icon.
Center Diameter Circle. be sure to select the circumference of the circle. Circle. 6. Type CIRCLE at the command prompt. A radius or diameter. Tangent . Center Radius TIPS: . Tangent. Tangent. or 2.To create circles that are the same size. Circle. Type One of the following options: 3P/2P/TTR/<<center point>>: or 5. press ENTER when asked for the circle radius. Pick A radius or diameter Diameter/<<radius>>: Circle. .3. or 7. Choose Draw. Pick Type A center point.6 Circles Circle Command 1. Click the Circle icon. Command: CIRCLE 4. or 3. Tangent Radius Circle. Tangent.When selecting a circle with a pickbox.
Choose Draw. end Start. or 3. Draw One of the arcs.7 Arc Command 1. Arc. end. press the right mouse button to select the following options for arcs: Arc Examples 3 point arc Start . center. direction .center. .While in the arc command. radius Start . arcs are drawn in a COUNTERCLOCKWISE direction. or 2. included angle Start.3. center. Type ARC at the command prompt Command: ARC 4. chord length start. TIPS: -Except for 3 point arcs. Click the Arc icon. end.
138 - . Pick A start point for the spline Object / <Enter first point>: (pick point) 5. A NURBS curve produces a smooth curve between control points 1. Spline.3 The SPLINE command creates a particular type of spline known as a nonuniform rational B-spline (NURBS) curve. or the Spline icon. Choose Click Type Draw. Press Pick Enter or close to complete the spline Starting tangent point for the spline Enter start tangent (pick point) 8. 7. Pick Ending tangent point for the spline Enter end tangent: (pick point) . or SPLINE at the command prompt Command: SPLINE 4. 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Spline 16. 3. Pick Points until youare done drawing splines Enter point:(pick points) 6.
Straightens curved segments.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Polylines 15. Changes the width for all polyline segments. Pick Pick a polyline to edit Select Polyline:(pick) 5. Type One of the following options:Close/Join/ Width/Edit vertex/FitCurve/Spline/Curve/ Decurve/Undo/eXit PEDIT options: Close Join Width Fit curve Spline Curve Decurve Edit Vertex Closes open polyline segments Connects polylines. and arcs to existing polylines. Displays the following Edit Vertex Options: Polyline width change Splined Polyline . Creates curved arc segments around pline vertices at the direction you specify. PEDIT at the comma nd prompt Command: PEDIT 4. Choose Modify. lines. 3. Polyline. Creates a curve through control points on a polyline. Pick Type the Pedit icon from the Modify II toolbar.2 1. or 2.130 - .
Pick Objects to move Select objects: (select) 5.1 1. Click the Move icon. or 2. Pick A point to move to Second point of displacement: (pick point) Circle before move Circle after move TIP: To move an object a specified distance. type a distance at the second point of displacement prompt: @1<0 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Move Command 10. Choose Modify. Type MOVE at the command prompt Command: MOVE or M 4. Move. Pick A point to move from Base point or displacement: (pick point) 6.74 - . or 3.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Copy Command 10.2 1. Base point or displacement/Multiple: (pick point). 6. Type COPY at the command prompt. Select objects: (select) 5. Type A point to copy to.75 - . Click the Copy icon. Command: COPY or CP 4. Choose Modify. Copy. type M for Multiple at the “Base point or displacement/Multiple” option. Second point of displacement: @ 1<0 Duplicate objects copied Multiple objects copied TIP: • To copy many objects in the same copy command. or 2. . Pick A point to move from. Pick A point to copy to. Pick Objects to copy. or 3. Second point of displacement: (pick point) or 7.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Offset Command 10.77 - . Type The distance to offset.4 Offset Distance To offset a specified distance: 1. Offset distance or <Through point>: (number) 5. Side to offset: (pick side) 7. Type OFFSET at the command prompt. Command: OFFSET or O 4. 6. Offsetting objects by specifying a distance . Pick Pick The object to offset. Press Enter to end the command. or 3. Pick Another object to offset Select object to offset: (pick side) or 8. Select object to offset: (select object) A side to offset object to. Choose Modify. or 2. Choose the Offset icon. Offset.
Command: EXPLODE or 4.Explode. 3. EXPLODE at the command prompt. Choose Modify. or 2. Pick The object to explode.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Explode Command 15. Pick Type the Explode icon.133 - . Select objects: (pick) Polyline before explode Polyline (line) after explode .4 1.
Click the Extend icon. or 2.5 1. or press enter : (select) 7.. Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Lines Extended to an Arc (Arc is boundary edge) TIP: - Use the object selection option FENCE to choose multiple objects .. Pick The BOUNDARY edge to extend to Select objects: (select) 5. Pick The objects to extend <Select object to extend> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object.79 - . Press ENTER to accept the boundary edge Select objects: (press enter) 6. Type EXTEND at the command prompt Command: EXTEND Select boundary edge(s). or 3. Extend.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial EXTEND 10. Choose Modify. enter an option. 4.
Command : STRETCH Select objects to stretchby window.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Stretch 13.2 1. A base point to stretch from Base point: (point) . 6. First corner: (point) The opposite corner to window the objects to stretch. or the Stretch icon. 8.. Pick Pick A first corner to stretch. Other corner: (point) 7. 2. Stretch. Choose Click Type Modify.114 - . 4. 3. STRETCHat the command prompt. Type C to choose CROSSING window Select objects: C 5. Press Pick ENTER to accept objects to stretch..
.115 - . Type A distance to stretch.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 9. Pick A point to stretch to Newpoint: (point) or 10. New point: @1<0 TIP: The Stretch command must use a CROSSING window or aCROSSING POLYGON window.
. Pick Objects to trim <Select object to trim> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object. . 4. 1. Choose Modify. Trim. enter an option.6 The TRIM command allows you to trim objects in a drawing so they end precisely at a cutting edge defined by one or more other objects in the drawing. or press enter 7..AutoCAD 2D Tutorial TRIM 10. 3. or 2. Click Type the Trim icon. TRIM at the command prompt Command: TRIM Select cutting edge(s). Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Select object to trim/Undo: (press enter) Lines Trimmed to an Arc (Arc is cutting edge) TIP: Hold the SHIFT key to interactively extend instead of trim.80 - . Press ENTER to accept the cutting edge Select objects: (press enter) 6. Pick The CUTTING edge to extend to Select objects: (select) 5.
Break. Pick A second break point.112 - . Choose Click Modify. Command: BREAK Object to break. or 3. Type F to choose a different break point Enter second point (or F for first point):(F) . Enter second point : (point) or 6. or the Break icon. Type Pick BREAK at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Break 13.1 1. 2. 4. Select object: (select one object) 5.
7 1. 6. Command: MIRROR 4. Click the Mirror icon. Type MIRROR at the command prompt. Mirror.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial MIRROR 10.82 - . or 3. Select objects:(select) 5. or 2. Pick Objects to mirror. 7. Choose Modify. Delete old objects? Y or N Mirror Line . Pick Pick Type First point of mirror line: (point) Second point: (point) Yes to delete the original objects and No to keep them.
or 2. Pick A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (point) . Click the Modify icon.84 - . Type A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (number) or 7. Pick Objects to rotate: Select objects:(select) 5. Pick A pivot point to rotate around Base point: (point) 6. Type ROTATE at the command prompt Command : ROTATE 4. or 3. Choose Modify. Rotate.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial ROTATE 10.9 1.
Type SCALE at the command prompt Command: SCALE Select objects: (select objects) 4. Click the Scale icon. Scale. Choose Modify. or 2. or 3. Pick Type A pivot point to scale about Base point: (point) A rotation angle<Scale factor>/Reference:(number) or 6. Pick A scale factor<Scale factor>/Reference: (point) Scale factor/Reference: (points) . 5.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial SCALE 10.86 - .10 1.
3. DTEXT (Dynamic Text) Creates a single-line text object.1 Text Creates a single-line text object 1. Type DTEXT at the command prompt Command : DTEXT 3. Type Type J to change the justification or S to change the text style.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text Command 11. Follow the steps 3-8 from above.89 - . or 2. Type A rotation angle Rotation angle <default>: (angle or point) 7. A start point Justify/Style/<Start Point>: (point) or 4. Text. Press enter to exit the Text: prompt. Single Line Text. Type A text string Text: (type text string) 8. Choose Draw. Type TEXT at the command prompt Command: TEXT or 2. A text height Height <default>: (type value or pick two points) 6. showing the text dynamically on the screen as it is entered. 1. 5. Pick Pick the Single Line Text icon from the Text Toolbar. .
Choose Format.101 - . Command: LAYER (or LA) or 3. Pick the layers icon from the Layer Control box on the object properties toolbar.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Introduction to Layers and Layer Dialog Box12. AutoCAD 2005 Layer Properties .1 1. or 2. Layer. Type LAYER at the command prompt.
Creates a new layer and makes it current. Makes a layer read only preventing entities from being edited but available visual reference and osnap functions. Assigns color to specified layers. Type Type Command: -LAYER or LA One of the following layer options ?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: . Sets current layer. Turns a Layer On for Plotting Turns a Layer Off for Plotting Controls the line weight for each layer TIP: Layers can be set using the command line prompts for layers. type –LAYER or -LA at the command prompt 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Options 12. with states. Turns on specified layers. Completely ignores layers during regeneration. To use this. colors and linetypes. Places a layer in read write mode and available for edits. Unfreezes specified layers Ltype. Creates new layers . Assigns linetype to specified layers.102 - . 2. Turns off specified layers.2 ? Make Set New ON OFF Color Ltype Freeze Thaw Lock Unlock Plot No Plot LWeight Lists layers.
103 - . 2. Select layer Select object first . AutoCAD will move the object to the new layer.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Shortcuts 12. Click Select Once on the object to change. the desired layer from the Layer Control Box dropdown.3 Changing the Layer of an Object 1.
Colours + Line Weights .
Command: DDCOLOR or COL or 3. By Layer If you enter bylayer. depending on your configuration) until they are grouped into a block.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Color Command 12. Choose Format. or 2. . Type DDCOLOR at the command prompt. By Block If you enter byblock. When the block is inserted in the drawing. TIP: These settings ignore the current layer settings for color. AutoCAD draws new objects in the default color (white or black. the objects in the bloc k inherit the current setting of the COLOR command. new objects assume the color of the layer upon which they are drawn.6 1.107 - . Color. Choose Color on the Object Properties toolbar and then select a color from the list or select Other to display the Select Color dialog box.
4..7 Loading and Changing Linetypes 1.. to see a list of available linetypes.108 - . Click OK. or 2. 5.. Choose Format. Choose Load. Choose the desired linetype to assign. Type DDLTYPE at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Linetypes 12. Linetype.. Command:DDLTYPE or LT 3. .
TIPS: Lineweights can also be assigned to layers.8 Loading and Changing Lineweights 1. . Lineweight. The Display Lineweights feature can be turned on/off o n the status bar to show or not show lineweights in the drawing. If you are using a high-resolution monitor. thus making regenerations faster.. Type LINEWEIGHT at the command prompt.. you can adjust the lineweight display scale to better display different lineweight widths. or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Lineweights 12. Pick a lineweight to make current from the Object Properties menu. - Lineweights are displayed using a pixel width in proportion to the realworld unit value at which they plot.109 - . Command: LINEWEIGHT or LWEIGHT or 4. Choose Format.
Type DDCHPROP or DDMODIFY at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Object Properties 12. Select objects:(select) 5. or 3. single object for DDMODIFY. 2. Choose One of the following properties to change. or the Properties icon.9 1. Command: DDCHPROP (CH) or DDMODIFY (MO) 4. Select objects: (press enter) 6. . Press ENTER to accept objects.110 - . Pick Objects whose properties you want to change Pick a window for DDCHPROP. Choose Click Modify. Properties.
Other Useful Functions .
or 2.. Click the Hatchicon.1 1.152 - . Hatch.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial BHATCH Command 17. Choose Draw. Type BHATCH at the command prompt Command: BHATCH . or 3..
2 1. Pick The first point to measure from First point: pick point 5. Click the Distance icon from the Inquiry Toolbar. or 2. Choose Tools. Type DIST at the command prompt Command: DIST 4. or 3. Inquiry.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Measuring Distances 8. Pick The second point to measure to Second point: pick point Distance Between Circle Centers TIP: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command.55 - . Distance. .
Type DIM at the command prompt. Click the Linear Dimension command from the toolbar.1 1. or 2. Choose Dimension.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Linear Dimensions 26. Command: DIM Dim: HOR or VER . Linear.223 - . or 3.
Command: DIM Dim: ALIGNED . Aligned. or 2. Choose Dimension.224 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Aligned Dimensions 26. Click the Aligned Dimension command from the toolbar. or 3.2 1. Type DIM at the command prompt.
Choose 2 . Command: DIM Dim: RADIUS or DIAMETER . Type DIM at the command prompt.225 - . Click Dimension. Radius or Diameter.3 1 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Radial Dimensions 26. or the Radial Dimensions command from the toolbar. or 3 .
Area. Inquiry. Adds separate areas for a total area calculation Subtracts areas from each other. TIPS: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command To subtract an area. Click the Area icon.3 1. Pick Pick Press Next point: pick Next point: pick ENTER when you are finished choosing points. or 3. or 2. Type AREA at the command prompt Command: AREA 4.56 - . 6. . 7. Area of Rectangle Object Add Subtract Allows user to pick an object to calculate area (circle or polyline). Pick The first point for area calculation <First point>/Object/Add/Subtract: pick 5. you must first be in “add” mode to add the first area. Choose Tools.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Calculating Areas 8.
the plot scale. Upside down). 4. Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Click the Plot Settings tab. 7.65 - . the appropriate paper size based on the chosen plotter. OK.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plot Settings 1. 5. the paper units (inches or mm). 6. 8. plot to center or specify an x or y offset. 2. Landscape. the drawing orientation (Portrait. . the plotting area. 3.
AutoCAD Help. Choose Help. Press Function Key F1 . or 2. or 3. Type HELP at the command prompt Command: HELP or 4.1. Click the Help icon.13 On-Line Help 1.
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