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Gender and Development made easy

Gender and Development made easy

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Published by Leslie Vill
Gender Sociology Development
Gender Sociology Development

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Categories:Types, Presentations
Published by: Leslie Vill on Aug 25, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Gender and Development

(made easy)

1. To attain basic understanding of gender and how it affects development.
To generate appreciation of GAD concepts and principles as tools for development planning.





Development: What’s the bottomline? • Development is about attaining a full and satisfying life for all • Attaining a full and satisfying life for all is a shared responsibility . sex.regardless of age. ethnicity or class . religion.of the government as duly mandated authority .of all individuals and entities who benefit from development or are affected by the lack of it .of everyone.

What underlies the performance of this responsibility? .

and the capacity to be .For individuals the performance of this responsibility requires: a) b) the capacity to do.

The capacity to do means ability or power • to do productive and satisfying work • to have control over one’s income and benefit from it • to enjoy nature and the natural environment .

• to procreate and rear children • to care for others • to travel in search for opportunities .

The capacity to be meansa right and opportunity • to be knowledgeable and skillful • to be well-nourished • to be confident of own abilities • to be comfortable with achievements. independence and power .

the responsibility to promote the attainment of a better life for all means a) b) helping people develop their abilities and individual strengths protecting people’s rights and creating opportunities for the development of people’s abilities and individual strengths .For governments.


.Gender is very much related to sex and many people are often confused about the distinction between sex and gender.

A good starting point is. therefore. to conceptually differentiate SEX and GENDER .

hormones • label . such as: • physical .SEX: a natural distinguishing variable It is concerned with differentiating people based on biological attributes. man or woman . features. genitals.female or male.body contour.chromosomes. reproductive organs • genetic .

fixed.SEX is universal. . and is a valid distinguishing variable.

roles.GENDER: a cultural. contrived distinguishing variable It is concerned with differentiating people based on perceptions. and social expectations .

and changes from country to country or through time It is concerned about feminity or masculinity .It is learned or acquired.

Problems begin when their confusion find its way into decisions affecting: • resource allocation • assignment of roles and responsibilities • transactional processes • problem analysis .

rational. emotional. don’t cry . get the best. don’t participate in deciding Masculine Strong. no leadership. don’t assert. leader.Feminine Weak. can’t feel Hard work. just obey. boss. not a boss. always be smart. primary. can’t think No hard work. no decision-making Stay at home. no care-giving perception roles expectations Don’t make women do hard work. secondary.

Globally. women and men are boxed into situations ---.which constrain their • capacity to do and to be And hinder their potential to attain a full and satisfying life .

Productive-Reproductive Divide Productive • work • politics • paid • visible • valued Reproductive • child birth/rearing • home management • family care • unpaid • invisible • not valued .


Gender issues pertain to beliefs. attitudes. ideas. behavior. systems and other factors that block peoples’ capacity to do and to be .

young or old. etc. rich or poor. men or women. in all spheres of life. THEY AFFECT MEN .Gender issues affect everybody.

reassurance. and attention .GENDER BIASES AGAINST MEN • Inherently aggressive and violent • Don’t feel pain or incapable of experiencing human emotions • Inherently expressive in their sexuality • Don’t need closeness.



it is important to address them in development planning.Gender issues are deterrents to development. . Thus.


Then. what is GAD? 1. GAD is about recognizing that gender biases impede development because: • they prevent people from attaining their full potentials (which will enable them to become effective contributors to development) .

• they exacerbate social inequity and inequality which are the very end goals of the MTPDP • they distort understanding of social realities and limit the impacts of development inputs .

implicit. and • PPAs Of those who are concerned with development . actual and potential gender biases • in the organizations.GAD is about removing explicit.

GAD is about being faithful to the principle that Fairness and equity demands that everyone in society. whether male of female. . has the right to the same opportunities to achieve a full and satisfying life.

But why focus more on women? .

“Eliminating gender inequalities leads to significant productivity gains. provides large societal benefits and enhances poverty reduction scheme” -World Bank .

they • are half of the producers of economic goods and services but . women are half of the country’s population. As such.First.

• they are in the invisible and marginalized sector or the so-called non-money economy .domestic and unpaid economic labor .subsistence agriculture .bearing and raising children .

they are already in the money economy • informal sector • wage employment • trading .Second.

in being so.but. they experience a lot of hardships • multiple roles • violence and sexual harassment • lack of protection • exploitation • poor skills • discrimination .

• managing population growth • imparting values that have profound impacts on human progress and economic development .women have unique stakes. roles and insights to share in order to attain development objectives. such as in: • sustaining the environment Third.

beliefs about what women CAN’T DO OR SHOULD DO .child bearing GENDER . These are determined by: SEX .And most importantly. because resources and opportunities for attaining a full and satisfying life are NOT ALWAYS THE SAME for women and men.

knowledge. skills and resources to make development work for everybody . We have the power.Why us? Everyone who believes in the vision of attaining a full and satisfying life for all has an obligation to help pursue GAD We are custodians of peoples’ trust and resources.

laws and policies Gender issues affect all of us. . we all contribute to their perpetuation. But instead of solving them.We are mandated by international treaties/commitments.

not as women/men.Where do we go from here? A) Personal • check personal gender biases • look at everyone and deal with them as human. male/female. girls/boys .

• critique books of young children • examine assignment of roles at home and correct gendered patterns .

B) Professional • disaggregate data by sex • attain balance in various positions (esp. training. top and decision-making positions) • stop gender discrimination in recruitment. promotion . hiring.

participate in inter-agency activities on GAD.• make spaces for disadvantaged men and women • treat each one as equals. etc. develop tools.) . conduct GRP. demolish hierarchical social transactions • adopt a GAD plan of action (review content of training programs.

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