3.

205 Problem 7 Solutions Problem 1
� 2
� −r c(r, t) = 3
exp 4 Dt 2
(4πDt) nd a) �(r, t) = −D�c
J �c = ∂ˆ ∂ ˆ ∂ ˆ
i+ j+ k ∂x ∂y ∂z nd

∂c ∂r

= = =

� 2
� −2r −r
exp
3 × 4Dt 4Dt
(4πDt) 2
� 2
� −ndr −r exp 3 5 5 4Dt (16π 2 D 2 t 2
) � 2
� −ndr −r 3 5 5
exp 4 Dt 2 2
2
(16π D t ) ndr (16π 2 D 2
t 2
)
3 3 5

�(r, t) = J

� exp

−r2 4Dt

b) Rate of accumulation of species i

∂ci ∂t

= = =

� � � 2� � � � 2� 3 −5 −r nd −r2 −r 2
exp t + · ( − 1) exp 3 3 2 2 4Dt 4Dt (4πD) 2
(4πDt) 2 4Dt � 2
� � 2� 2 −3nd −r ndr −r + exp 3 5 exp 3 7 4Dt 4Dt 16(πD) 2 t 2 (2(πD) 2 t 2 · D) � � � 2� nd r2
−r −3 + exp 3 5 2Dt 4Dt 16(πD) 2 t 2 nd ·

1

t) time Increases to a maximum.c) c(r. then decreases monotonically 2 .

3 For JC . LQC < 0. T For carbon-atom concentration to remain uniform LCQ = 0.B.H p set 7 Problem 2 a) JC JQ = = LCC XC + LCQ XQ LQQ XQ + LQC XC LCQ = LQC −d dx −1 dT T dx XC = XQ = (1) (2) b) JC = LCC XC + LCQ XQ XC → 0 JC → 0 0 = LCQ XQ −1 XQ = �= 0 there is a temperature gradient. c) JC = LCC XC + LCQ XQ XC → 0 −1 dT −1 XQ = �T = T T dx � � −1 dT JC = LQC T dx � � −1 JC > 0. <0 T to end hotter end of bar.

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