P. 1
A Pathognomonic Signs

A Pathognomonic Signs

|Views: 38|Likes:
Published by Nikhil Kumar Singh
Pathognomonic signs
Pathognomonic signs

More info:

Published by: Nikhil Kumar Singh on Aug 26, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/19/2014

pdf

text

original

Pathognomonic

A pathognomonic sign is a particular sign whose presence means that a particular disease is present beyond any doubt. Labelling a sign or symptom "pathognomonic" represents a marked intensification of a "diagnostic" sign or symptom. The word is an adjective of Greek origin derived from páthos (meaning "disease") and gnōmon (meaning "judge").

Very few of the examples here are pathognomonic in the true sense of the word. For example, Parkinsonism is not only seen in Parkinson's disease.
Disease Sign

Cytomegalovirus infection

Owl's eye appearance of inclusion bodies

Lyme Disease

Erythema chronicum migrans

Inclusion body myositis

Filamentous material seen in inclusion bodies under electron microscopy

Hypocalcemia

Trousseau sign and Chvostek sign

Tetanus

Risus sardonicus

Bulimia Nervosa

Chipmunk facies (parotid gland swelling) (Chipmunk facies also seen in marrow expansion secondary to

Disease Beta Thalassemia Major)

Sign

Leprosy

Leonine facies (thickened lion-like facial skin) (Lionine facies also seen in Paget Disease of bone) So it isn't pathognomonic.

Measles

Koplik's spots

Diphtheria

Pseudomembrane on tonsils, pharynx and nasal cavity

Chronic hemorrhagic pancreatitis

Grey-Turner's sign (ecchymosis in flank area)

Cholera

Rice-watery stool; not pathognomonic, also seen in mercury poisoning

Enteric fever

Rose spots in abdomen

Meningitis

Kernig's sign and Brudzinski's sign

Cholecystitis

Murphy's sign (pain on deep inspiration when inflamed gallbladder is palpated); also seen on abdominal trauma,

Disease surgery, etc

Sign

Angina pectoris

Levine's sign (hand clutching of chest); also seen in gastritis, etc.

Patent ductus arteriosus

Machine-like murmur

Pleural Effusion

Stony-dull percussion; also in any solid chest masses

Parkinson's disease

Pill-rolling tremors; as SE of some drugs

Whipple's disease

Oculo-Masticatory Myorhythmia

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Auer rod; not, check AML article..

Multiple Sclerosis

Bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia

Congestive heart failure

Third heart sound

Disease

Sign

Pericarditis

Pericardial friction rub

Neurofibromatosis I

Plexiform neurofibroma

Pain within minutes after drinking alcohol.; Gastritis Hodgkin's lymphoma Reed-Sternberg cells (giant mono- and multinucleated cells). Pyelonephritis Rheumatic fever Rabies White blood cell casts Aschoff nodules Hydrophobia and Negri bodies

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->