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Introduction to Phonetics & Phonology

TSL 3104 Week 1

 a) how they are produced (articulatory phonetics) FOCUS  b) their physical characteristics (acoustic phonetics) and  c) how they are perceived (auditory phonetics). .What is phonetics? Phonetics is the study of speech sounds.

What is phonetics? In this module we’ll concentrate on: a) how they’re produced (articulatory phonetics) .

Sound/symbol correspondence The need for a transcription system Consider written English enough through thorough thought bough .

Sound/symbol correspondence The need for a transcription system Consider written English enough through thorough thought bough think those thistle thong .

Sound/symbol correspondence The need for a transcription system Consider written English enough through thorough thought bough think church those chemistry thistle loch thong Cheryl .

 Under continuous revision.  Last major revision was in 1993.International Phonetic Alphabet IPA  Devised in the 19th Century to help describe the sounds of languages independently of a language’s orthography (= writing system). .

Sound/symbol correspondence enough through thorough thought bough [ʌf] [u:] [ə] [ɔ:] [aʊ] think [θ] church [tʃ] those [ð] chemistry [k] thistle [θ] loch [x] thong [θ] Cheryl [ʃ] .

not what ‘ought’ to be  For instance. speech sounds can influence neighbouring sounds:    i[n] Newcastle i[m] Bolton i[ŋ] Carlisle  Trust your ears.Transcription – the art of reducing speech to writing  Don’t be influenced by English spelling!!  Transcribe what is. not your years of education!! .

Transcription – the art of reducing speech to writing  Remember: a word in isolation may be spoken differently to a word in connected speech   to = [tu:] give it to him = [gɪv ɪt tə ɪm] .

Transcription – the art of reducing speech to writing  Remember: a word in isolation may be spoken differently to a word in connected speech compare   to = [tu:] give it to him = [gɪv ɪt tə ɪm] .

International Phonetic Alphabet IPA Davenport & Hannahs (2005:xvi) .