# Multi-dimensional stress and strain relations (Strength of Materials - I, Final Exam-41-4) Problem

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1. A diﬀerential element on the side of a large steel pressure vessel

A 20-mm square was scribed on the side of a large steel pressure vessel. After pressurization, the biaxial stress condition of the square is as shown. Using the data available E = 200 GPa and υ = 0.29, for structural steel, determine the change in length of (a) side AB, (b) side BC, (c) diagonal AC, (d) the percent change in the slope of diagonal DB, (e) if the plate thickness is 5 mm the new volume of this plate portion and the material dilatation.

Solution :
The normal strains (σ zz = 0, plane stress) 1 εxx = (σxx − υ (σ yy + σ zz )) E 1 εxx = (160 − 0.29 (80 + 0)) 200 × 103 εxx = 6. 84 × 10−4 εyy εyy εyy εzz εzz εzz ∆εAB ∆εAB b) the change in length of side BC ∆εBC ∆εBC = εyy × BC = 1. 68 × 10−4 × 20 = 0.003 36 mm 1 (σ yy − υ (σ xx + σ zz )) E 1 = (80 − 0.29 (160 + 0)) 200 × 103 = 1. 68 × 10−4 = 1 (σ zz − υ (σ xx + σyy )) E 1 = (0 − 0.29 (80 + 160)) 200 × 103 = −3. 48 × 10−4 = = εxx × AB = 6. 84 × 10−4 × 20 = 0.013 68 mm

a) the change in length of side AB

c) the change in length of diagonal AC q √ (20 + 0.013 68)2 + (20 + 0.003 36)2 − 20 2 ∆εAC = ∆εAC = 0.012 05 mm Dr. M. Kemal Apalak

1

48 × 10−4 e = 5. 008 = 2001. θDB = 45◦ 20 0 0 20 + 0.013 68 44.033% e) the dilatation of material e = εxx + εyy + εzz = 6.003 36 tan θDB = .985◦ 20 + 0.985 − 45 ∆θDB = × 100 45 ∆θDB = −0.008 mm3 Dr. Kemal Apalak 2 . M. θDB = 44. 04 × 10−4 × 2000 1. 84 × 10−4 + 1. 04 × 10−4 V ∆V ∆V V0 = = = = 20 × 20 × 5 = 2000 mm3 eV = 5. 68 × 10−4 − 3. 008 mm3 2000 + 1.d) the percent change in the slope of diagonal DB 20 tan θDB = .