THE PRESENT TENSES

Actiuni generale –nu ceea ce facem in present ci de obicei,in general. Ex: Eu innot in fiecare zi I swim every day De retinut: 1. Se foloseste forma de baza a verbului (asa cum o gasim in dictionar) la toate persoanele cu exceptia persoanei a III a singular - adica cea corespunzatoare pronumelor el, ea - he, she, it. La aceasta persoana, se adauga -s/-es/-ies la forma de baza a verbului. Afirmativ : Subiect + Verbul la infinitive Exceptie : La pers a III sg verbul se termina mereu in –s sau – es : The boy wants a toy car for Christmas. – Baiatul vrea o masina de jucarie pentru Craciun. Atentie: 1. Verbele care se termina in -y la pers a III sg, y se transforma in -ies: I cry – She cries. I play – He plays. 2. Verbele care se termina in –o, -ss, -x, -sh, -ch primesc la pers a III sg – es My mother usually goes to the market in the morning. – Mama se duce de obicei in piata dimineata. Exemplu: miss - misses finish - finishes watch - watches fix - fixes go - goes

4.plays say .Interrogative Do I work? = eu lucrez? / dumneavoastra lucrati? Do you work? = tu lucrezi? Does he work? = el lucreaza? Does she work? = ea lucreaza? Does it work?daca ne referim la obiecte.Vrea ea sa participle in competitie? Conjugarea verbului to work = a lucra / a munci: la Present Tense Simple . Verbele care se termina in vocala + y primesc terminatia -s la persoana a III-a singular la Present Tense Simple: Exemplu: play . sensul este functioneaza We work = noi lucram You work = voi lucrati/ dumneavoastra lucrati They work = ei lucreaza Forma interogativa .says Conjugarea verbului to work = a lucra / a munci: la Present Tense Simple .Affirmative I work = eu lucrez You work = tu lucrezi/ dumneavoastra lucrati He works = el lucreaza She works = ea lucreaza It works = daca ne referim la obiecte. sensul este functioneaza ? Do we work? = noi lucram? Do you work? = voi lucrati? / dumneavoastra lucrati? Do they work? = ei lucreaza? .cum formulam intrebari la present tense simple Interogativ : do not/ does not + Subiect + verb Does she want to participate in the competition? .

De retinut: 1.a singular. avem nevoie sa folosim verbul auxiliar DO/DOES + SUBIECT + VERB: Exemplu: Do you speak English? = Vorbesti engleza? 2. folosim verbul auxiliarDO/DOES + NOT + VERB: . Exemplu: Does he live in Bucharest? = El locuieste in Bucuresti? Does she know German? = Ea stie germana? FORMA NEGATIVA .Negative I do not / don't work = eu nu lucrez You do not / don't work = tu nu lucrezi / dumneavoastra nu lucrati He do not / doesn't work = el nu lucreaza She do not / doesn't work = ea nu lucreaza It do not / doesn't work = daca ne referim la obiecte. sensul este nu functioneaza We do not / don't work = noi nu lucram You do not / don't work = voi nu lucrati / dumneavoastra nu lucrati They do not / don't work = ei nu lucreaza De retinut: 1. – Ea nu canta in corul scolii. Pentru a formula intrebari la Present Tense Simple. Pentru a formula propozitii negative la Prezentul Simplu.CUM FORMULAM PROPOZITII NEGATIVE LA PRESENT TENSE SIMPLE Negativ : Subiect+ do not/ does not + verb She does not sing in the school chorus. Conjugarea verbului to work = a lucra / a munci: la Present Tense Simple . DOES este forma pentru persoana a III.

= Eu merg cu masina la servici in fiecare zi. – Bunicul meu si cu mine. Actiuni repetitive: She takes piano lessons each day at 5 o’clock. goes to the bathroom and washes his teeth. We usually go on holiday in August.a singular. = Ea nu va cunoaste. DOES este forma pentru persoana a III. 3. Exemplu: He does not (doesn't) speak English. Pentru a exprima actiuni care se repeta Exemplu: I drive to work every day. se duce la baie si se spala pe dinti. He goes to the meeting every Wednesday. obligatorii (cu verbe de miscare) : The year ends with the 31st of December. .Pamantul are 2 emisfere. oficiale. = Nu calatoresc prea mult. = El merge la sedinta in fiecare miercuri.Adevaruri general valabile : The earth has 2 emispheres .Exemplu: I do not / don't travel very much. Present Simple Tense se foloseste pentru a exprima : . Actiuni planificate in viitor. iar formele do not si does not in situatii formale. = Ea nu vorbeste engleza. Formele scurte don't si doesn't se folosesc in situatii informale. = Noi de obicei mergem in vacanta in luna august. 2. She does not (doesn't) know you. – Anul se termina cu 31 decembrie. Actiuni obisnuite : My grandfather and I usually look at the starts when the sky is clear. noi ne uitam de obicei la stele cand e senin. terminate in momentul in care sunt savarsite : Mark gets out of bed. 1. Actiuni de moment. – Ea ia lectii de pian in fiecare zi la ora 5. – Mark se da jos din pat.

Pentru a exprima legi stiintifice sau adevaruri general valabile. in propozitie avem un adverb de timp care arata faptul ca actiunea se repeta periodic: Exemplu: every day = in fiecare zi every week = in fiecare saptamana every morning = in fiecare dimineata every evening = in fiecare seara every week = in fiecare saptamana every weekend = in fiecare weekend every Monday = in fiecare luni every winter = in fiecare iarna every month = in fiecare luna every year = in fiecare an usually = de obicei often = adesea. Exemplu: We live in Brasov. = Noi locuim in Brasov I work in an office. Exemplu: Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. des seldom = rar. De retinut: In acest caz. desori. Pentru a exprima stari/situatii permanente.They often write e-mails in English. . 3. = Ei deseori scriu e-mailuri in engleza. rareori sometimes = uneori every now and then = din cand in cand on a regular basis = periodic 2. The Sun rises in the East. = Eu lucrez intr-un birou. = Soarele rasare la Est. = Apa fierbe la 100 de grade Celsius.

Present Continuous Tense Prezentul continuu in engleza Present Continuous Tense: Forme Afirmativ : Subiect + Prezentul verbului “to be” + ing : She is cutting the cake in slices. she is eating.) I'm running You're runnning He's running We're running They're running Negativ : Subiect + Prezentul verbului “a fi/to be” + not + verb + ing : She is not talking at the moment. Forma interogativ-negativa Am I not running ? Aren't you running ? Isn't herunning ? Isn't she running ? Aren't we running ? Aren't you running ? Aren't they running ? . mananca. (In acest moment ea nu vorbeste.) I' m not running You aren't running He isn't running She isn't running We aren't running You aren't running They aren't running 4. (Ea taie prajitura felii.

. . . . ..actiune frecvent repetata.actiune care se intampla in momentul vorbirii Ex.Ploua afara. The children are going camping today. forever. I live in Cluj but this year I am living in Bucuresti. Julia is reading a novel by Dickens. – Traiesc in Cluj dar in acest an locuiesc in Bucuresti.Interogativ : Prezentul verbului “a fi/to be” + Subiect + verb + ing : Is she smiling ? (Ea zambeste ?) Am I running? Are you running? Is he running? Is she running? Are we running? Are you running? Are they running? Prezentul continuu se foloseste pentru a exprima : . The wind is blowing.Vantul sufla.actiune care se extinde pe o perioada putin mai lunga de timp Ex. – Copiii merg cu cortul astazi.planuri imediate pentru viitorul apropiat Ex. constantly . It is raining outside. .Iulia citeste un roman de Dickens. limitata Ex.actiune temporara. suparatoare – se foloseste deseori cu adverbele always.

hold. mean. . regret.Ex. – Cred ca iti imaginezi lucruri.Ea miroase trandafirii. taste Verbe de opinie : assume. cost. remember. know. nu e nimeni in casa.. mind. Verbul to be (a se comporta) : She is being rude. like. imagine. fear. understand Verbe care exprima emotii sau chiar dorinte : envy. . Verbul to smell (a adulmeca. Ann is always making plans without taking into consideration all the facts. seem.in propozitii subordonate Ex They will go jogging while the babies are sleeping. – Ann isi face mereu planuri fara sa ia in considerare toate aspectele. love. Verbul to look (a se uita) : Tom is looking at Maria. hope. smell. think Verbe care se refera la perceptie mentala: forget. see. notice. consider. recognize. a mirosi) : She is smelling the roses. have = a poseda) Unele verbe pot fi folosite la forma continua dar isi schimba sensul : Exemple: Verbul to see (a imagina) : I think you are seeing things. be (in majoritatea cazurilor). Ele se impart in urmatoarele categorii : Verbe de perceptie : feel. want. find (= a considera). hate. feel (= a crede). Exista o serie de verbe care nu se folosesc la Prezent Continuu. – Ea se comporta nepoliticos. wish Verbe folosite pentru masurat : contain. dislike. believe. weigh Alte verbe : look (= a se asemana). prefer. suppose. doubt. measure. hear. – Ei vor face jogging cat timp copii dorm. there is no one in the house.

probabil doarme. 1. I have not arrived You have not arrived He has not arrived She has not arrived We have not arrived .Present Perfect Tense Prezentul perfect in engleza Present Perfect Tense: Forme Afirmativ : Subiectul + Auxiliarul to HAVE la prezent + past participle al verbului de conjugat (verb forma a 3-sau ed) We are not going on holiday since the prices have rise. – Nu am vazut-o de dimineata. she is probably sleeping. – Noi nu mai mergem in vacant deoarece preturile au crescut. Forma afirmativa: I have arrived You have arrived He has arrived We have arrived You have arrived They have arrived Negativ : Subiectul + have/has not + past participle al verbului de conjugat I haven’t seen her this morning.

o actiune care s-a terminat recent al carei rezultat este vizibil si in prezent We have just finished redecorating our house. ever. how long. what have you done? – Spune-mi. continua in trecut si se termina in prezent sau foarte aproape de prezent.o actiune care incepe in trecut. Forma interogativ-negativa Have I not arrived ? Have you not arrived ? Has he not arrived ? Has she not arrived ? Have we not arrived ? Have you not arrived ? Have they not arrived ? Interogativ Auxiliarul HAVE la prezent + Subiectul + past participle al verbului de conjugat Haven’t you eaten too much chocolate already? – Nu ai mancat deja destula ciocolata? Forma interogativa : Have I arrived ? Have you arrived ? Has he arrived ? Has she arrived ? Have we arrived ? Have you arrived ? Have they arrived ? Present Perfect Tense se foloseste pentru a exprima : . recently . Tell me. just. – Tocmai am terminat de redecorat casa noastra. already.You have not arrived They have not arrived 4. Adverbe folosite cu Present Perfect Tense: since si for. ce ai facut? . yet.

Se plimba we have been walking . Conjugare I have been walking . Interogativ : Prezentul perfect al verbului to be + Subiectul + participul prezent al verbului de conjugat What have you been doing ? I have been working on a new project. Negativ : Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ NOT + participul prezent al verbului de conjugat They haven’t been watching TV this afternoon.Noi ne plimbam .Eu ma plimb you have been walking . – Ei nu s-au uitat la tv in acesta dupa-amiaza.Ea se plimba it has been walking . – Ei au citit o multime de carti in ultima vreme.Tu te plimbi He has been walking .El se plimba she has been walking . – Ce ai mai facut? Am lucrat la un nou proiect.Yet –inca nu Present Perfect Continuous Tense Prezentul perfect continuu in engleza Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Forme Afirmativ : Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ participul prezent al verbului de conjugat (baza + ing) They have been reading a lot of book lately.

He writes a letter. He is going to write a letter. I write a letter. Adverbe folosite cu Present Perfect Continuous : for. . Te éppen írsz egy levelet. 6.o actiune care incepe in trecut. 5. 5. I am going to write a letter. 12. We are going to write a letter. 8. I wrote a letter. 6. – De ce ai parul ud? Pentru ca am inotat. 9. I am writing a letter. 15. 16. Egy ideje már írok egy levelet.o actiune recenta ar carei rezultat poate fi vazut Why is you hair wet? Because I have been swimming. since 1. 10. Írni fogok egy levelet. 4. Írni szándékozik/készül egy levelet. Írtam egy levelet. Ő éppen ír egy levelet. Írni szándékozok/készülök egy levelet.Voi va plimbati they have been walking . 4. I have been writing a letter. 16. 10. Egy ideje már ír egy levelet. Ezelőtt írt egy levelet. 9. Ír egy levelet. 3. . You are going to write a letter. 14.you have been walking . Éppen írok egy levelet. He has been writing a letter. I will write a letter. 2. 11. Írni szándékozol/készülsz egy levelet. ajunge in prezent si are sanse de a continua in viitor. 15. We are writing a letter. He has written a letter. He is writing a letter. 13. 7. Írok egy levelet. 11. 13. 8. 1. Ezelőtt írtam egy levelet. It has been snowing for 4 hours. 2. Mi éppen írunk egy levelet. You are writing a letter. 3.Ei se plimba Present Perfect Continuous se foloseste pentru a exprima : . Írni szándékozunk/készülünk egy levelet. I have written a letter. – Ninge de 4 ore. 12. 14. 7.

21. 20. 21. usually. Korábban /már/ írtam egy levelet. 18. sometimes . Adverbe specifice Editeaza Adverbe de frecvenţă Între cele 2 verbe (verbul auxiliar şi verbul conjugat) pot apărea:  adverbe de frecvenţă definită: often. 19.17. never. ever. Éppen írt egy levelet. 20. 17. You were writing a letter. Éppen írtunk egy levelet. I had written a letter. He was writing a letter. I was writing a letter. We were writing a letter. 19. 18. Éppen írtam egy levelet. Éppen írtál egy levelet. seldom.

De exemplu: I haven't met her for 2 years. De exemplu: I haven't met her yet. fără a preciza momentul de început şi de final. În propoziţii negative are sensul de „încă“. „yet“ ar deveni „already“: I have already met her. După „since“ urmează întotdeauna trecut dacă mai urmează o propoziţie. De exemplu: I haven't met her since I came. She has written her math teacher. recently. arată momentul de început. De exemplu: I haven't met you since Monday. already Exemplu: I have just met her. adverbe de frecvenţă indefinită: just. În propoziţii interogative are sensul de „deja“. În propoziţie are poziţie aproape finală. arată durata acţiunii. cu sensul „începând din“. Poziţia este spre finalul propoziţiei. fără a preciza durata sau momentul de final. Editeaza Adverbul "for" Adverbul „for“. Editeaza Adverbul "since" Adverbul „since“. Editeaza Adverbul "yet" Adverbul „yet“ se aşează doar pe finalul propoziţiei şi numai în propoziţii interogative şi negative. De exemplu: Have you met her yet? Dacă ar trebui transpusă în propoziţie afirmativă. cu sensul de „timp de“. (este o acţiune mai trecută decât cea cu întâlnirea) .

this year. I've worked here since last year. I have. I have not.Editeaza Adverbe de timp deschis Pe poziţia finală mai pot fi adverbe de timp deschis: lately. No. this month. Have I worked here since last year? Yes. No. this week etc. I have not worked here since last year. today. . I haven't worked here since last year. I haven't. Editeaza Exemple Afirmativ Afirmativ (forma contrasă) Negativ Negativ (forma contrasă) Interogativ Răspuns pozitiv Răspuns negativ Răspuns negativ (forma contrasă) I have worked here since last year.

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