SUBSEA MANIFOLD DESIGN FOR PENDULOUS INSTALLATION METHOD IN ULTRA DEEP WATER

Mario L. P. G. Ribeiro FMC CBV Subsea Milton V. B. Segura FMC CBV Subsea José A. N. Ferreira PETROBRAS

Summary
• Subsea manifold main features and components • Current manifold installation methods • P52 manifold design • Manifold structural analysis – FEA • Hydrodynamic analysis • Closing remarks

Subsea Manifold • Functions: – Oil production – Gas production – Gas lift injection – Water injection • Objectives: – Optimize the subsea layout arrangement – Reduce flowlines cost – Reduce the quantity of risers connected to the platform – Full production in advance .

More than 20 Diverless Subsea Manifolds Manufactured in Brazil 1996 Albacora Phase 1 2 Unit. – 640m WD 1997 Albacora Phase 2 5 Unit.200m WD 2002 Roncador Phase 1 1 Unit. . – 1. – 800 WD 2004 Marimbá Leste 1 Unit.892m WD 2002 Bijupira & Salema 5 Unit. – 400m WD 1998 Marlim 2 Unit. – 300m WD 2006 Roncador Phase 2 – 2 Manifolds on going . – 715m WD 2004 Viola 1 Unit. – 820m WD 2001 Namorado 1 Unit.

Subsea Manifold – Main parts SCM Structure with piping Flowlines Hubs Sensors Flowmeter Marimbá Leste Manifold Mud mat Pig Diverter Valve Check Valves Chokes Manual & Hydraulic Actuated Gate Valves .

Manifold Installation Methods in Brazil • Conventional procedures – Installation by cable with AHTS with Crane Barge up to 1000 m WD – Installation by drilling riser • Non-conventional procedures over 1000 m WD – Sheave Installation Method (Roncador Manifold Phase 1) – Pendulous Installation Method (PIM) To be used in the next two P52 Manifolds .

Conventional Installation Methods AHTS • Work wire (w/o heave motion compensation) Crane Barge • Drilling Riser .

Sheave Installation Method • Offshore facilities: – SS rig: Provides heave motion compensation – AHTS 1: Lift the Manifold together with the SS rig – AHTS 2: Orient the Manifold AHTS 2 SS rig AHTS 1 Roncador Manifold 1 1885m WD .

Pendulous Installation Method • By pendulous – Barge and AHTS F U L L S C A L E T E S T .

2m (H) • Weight in air: 280 tons • WD installation: 1900m • CG: 3.5m (L) x 8.15m .5m (W) x 5.P52 Manifold • Dimensions: 16.

six in total Top view Pig Diverter Module Gas Lift Module .P52 Manifold: Retrievable Modules • Almost all components are retrievable • One SCM per X-Tree.

P52 Manifold: SCM • Subsea Control Module (SCM) – Electrical components: vibrations and pressure rate .

assembly.Manifold Structural Analysis – FEA • Structure life – Construction steps: manufacture. integration test – Road and sea transportation – Installation – Operation • Loads – Permanent loads – Operational loads – Enviroments loads • Dynamic Amplification Factor (DAF): 2 .

Manifold Structural Analysis – Global Model • Global model: AISC .LRFD checking Lifting condition: AISC checking for axial load plus bending moment .

Manifold Structural Analysis – Local Model • Local model: von Mises checking – 60% of yield strength – 345Mpa Lifting condition: von Mises stress distribution (MPa) .

Hydrodynamic analysis • Excessive Oscillations (initial instability) CG position Munk effect Drag Lift Vortex shedding Hydrodynamic effect .

. vertical or near vertical panels around equipment (2) and open holes in the mud mat (3) – dead weight at the manifold mud mat (1) (2) (3) .) • Increase hydrodynamic stability – additional buoyancy in the line installation (1) – a hydrodynamic-adapted geometry.g.Hydrodynamic analysis (Cont. e.

) • Mechanism to avoid initial instability Polyester Rope BGL-1 (Crane Barge) Mechanical fuse Chain .Hydrodynamic analysis (Cont.

.

• SCM supports installation loads. • The assumed value for DAF (2) is enough to cover all the operational conditions. • Additional work for next manifold project is required in order to develop a “hydrodynamic structure” to avoid the excessive oscillations during initial moments. . • Counterweight is essential for avoid oscillations.Closing Remarks • For increasing the manifold reliability most of all components are retrievable.

THANK YOU .

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