By John Brown
PURPOSE OF MANUAL
The purpose of this manual is to give a brief, but inclusive introductory course to the great sport of amateur boxing. Amateur boxing parallels life in many respects. It’s important that you learn and grow every day. The coach or boxer who thinks he knows all there is to know or doesn’t want to take the time to learn, will never achieve his full potential. Even we do not claim to have all of the answers. In order for amateur boxing to become more popular, it is the job of all coaches to stress fundamentals, particularly those pertaining to defense. A boxing match is meant to be a contest of skill rather than power, brute force or toughness. It is extremely important to remember that amateur boxing should be fun. The more fun you can make it, the more participants you will have and the more frequently they will workout. The surest way to make boxing fun is to keep it safe. This can be accomplished by teaching the fundamentals depicted in this manual and by using proper safety equipment.
WHAT IS AMATEUR BOXING?
Amateur boxing is a very positive sport as well as a terrific way to combat juvenile delinquency. It is completely different from professional boxing in its goals, objectives, scoring and equipment. Amateur boxing can be an excellent source of conditioning for the high school athlete during the off-season. It also provides the option for a youngster who is not involved in school sports programs or does not desire to participate in team sports. Amateur boxing can also provide a young person with the opportunity to satisfy the basic human need of recognition in a positive manner. All too often this need is met through delinquent behavior. In amateur boxing, points are scored by landing clean blows, regardless of their power. A power punch that knocks an opponent down scores the same as a left jab. Consequently, a boxer’s goal should be to outbox his opponent by landing numerous clean, effective blows rather than going for a knockout that may not happen. When properly coached and supervised, amateur boxing can be an extremely fulfilling and beneficial experience for young people. It can be used as a vehicle to instruct sportsmanship, the value of conditioning and a positive release of frustrations and energies, in addition to building self-confidence and character.
IS AMATEUR BOXING SAFE?
The safety of amateur boxing has been well documented. The 1998 National Safety Council ranked boxing 71st in sports injuries, well below mainstream sports like wrestling, football, baseball, soccer and even bowling. Most of the negative publicity about the sport centers around professional boxing, when, in fact professional boxing is much different than amateur boxing. No other amateur sport takes more precautions, in regard to safety, than amateur boxing. Amateur boxers must receive a physical examination before and after each competition. Special protective equipment is mandatory for each competition. The primary directive of all amateur referees is the safety of the boxers. In addition, all competition gloves and headgear contain exact combinations of shock-absorbing foams to reduce the impact of a blow. Every possible precaution is taken to keep amateur boxing safe.
Sparring is practice boxing. their tricks of coaching and conditioning. Learn from other coaches. he will never improve. – Concentration: If a boxer has the ability to block out everything and concentrate on the task at hand. you’ve lost the boxer. The worst coach is one that thinks he knows all there is to know. He should encourage the new boxer to work on his left jab and mobility. Otherwise. After the offensive fundamentals are learned. delivery of a left jab and straight right hand. assign each boxer a partner to practice on each other’s defense. he will improve rapidly. Teach them offense and defense and require them to attain a level of proper conditioning before putting them in the ring. To put new kids in the ring to “see how tough they are” is insane and is an injustice to the sport. each new boxer should spar with a more experienced boxer who can control both himself and the action. have attained a desirable level of conditioning and are able to go three rounds. If a club has too many boxers for the coaches to work with individually. either physically or psychologically. Putting inexperienced youngsters in the ring before they’re ready will harm a novice boxer. No one will learn anything. it is time to start sparring. Most amateur bouts are won and lost due to conditioning. Remember boxing is supposed to be fun—fighting for your life isn’t. you’ll have a brawl on your hands. Attention should be given to the proper position of hands and elbows. he will be a champion. You’ll have better developed boxers and a higher number of participants by taking this approach. Although much of the available equipment is geared towards offense. – Champion: If a boxer is coachable. the more fun boxing is. and someone could get hurt. Sparring means instructive boxing. this is only half the game. Teach and make your boxers work on defense. speed bag and double end bag.
. Offense and defense should be taught hand-in-hand. advanced offensive and defensive techniques can be taught and sparring can be adjusted to meet his needs. Defense should be practiced each workout session just like hitting the heavybag. As your new boxer progresses. The purpose of sparring is to work on fundamentals.THE PROPER WAY TO COACH AMATEUR BOXING
In order for the sport of boxing to thrive in the future. The experienced boxer should lightly strike the new boxer when he makes mistakes. and implement them into your program. in condition and concentrates on his boxing. Any coach that puts a new or inexperienced boxer in the ring to spar before teaching him the fundamentals of offense and defense has no business coaching. Beginning fundamentals should include proper stance. The less you get hit. If you put two new boxers together.
– Conditioning: It is impossible to learn if a boxer is too tired to concentrate on
new techniques. There is nothing to practice if you haven’t been taught anything. These basics should be practiced nightly while going through the normal workout routine: shadowboxing.
TEACH YOUR BOXERS THE FOUR C’S OF AMATEUR BOXING:
– Coachability: A boxer must have the mental discipline to take instruction that
he receives and incorporate it into his boxing style. move on to the basic defensive fundamentals. all attention and effort has to be dedicated to the safety of the boxer. heavybag. After your boxers have a working knowledge of offense and defense. This cannot be accomplished unless the sparring session is properly controlled. First of all. Either way.
Both open and novice boxers (an athlete who has less than 10 bouts). Joe Frazier: Going after your opponent. due to its short duration. keeping constant pressure on him. explosive action. In order to be prepared for this situation. His punches should land short and your jab should connect. When your opponent gets set to punch. Muhammad Ali: Boxing. weaving and slipping punches. which does not leave time for “feeling out” your opponent or pacing yourself. for quick. sticking and moving. should be working on no more than a two minute clock and working at 100% effort. you may not have time to make your opponent “fight your fight”. Currently. The key is to train at the same duration as competition and at 100% intensity. which is adequate and keeps the coach and boxers from getting burned out. When your opponent leaves himself open. an aspiring champion must workout two or three additional days of the week. Unfortunately. Move in. In and Out: This is probably the most effective of all styles because of the way amateur bouts are judged. don’t just go through the motions. books and programs that cover these and many other topics. Each boxer. temperament and agility. step out of his punching range and then slide in and hit.CONDITIONING THROUGH TRAINING
Training is essential preparation for providing the strength and endurance needed for boxing. in amateur boxing. When your opponent moves in. The idea is simple—move in. 2. To complement the gym work. moving in with hands held high. depending on physical makeup. Unfortunately. Nautilus
*Ringside offers several videotapes. 1. more dedicated boxers should have their own heavybag at home so that shadowboxing. it would be to your advantage to do what may not normally be your style. The following list of exercise programs and cross-training sports will greatly increase the conditioning and cardiovascular levels of your athletes. Most gyms are open only three nights a week. will develop a style which he feels comfortable with. heavybag work and running can be conducted when the gym is closed. you must work on all three of the following styles when you are shadowboxing. All too often a boxer working longer than two minute rounds conditions his body to work at 80% of its physical potential. working the heavybag or the double end bag. This style is necessary to develop the skills of a good stick-and-move boxer. Success in competition is directly proportionate to the amount of effort that is put into training. Work on your fundamentals. bouts are four rounds in duration. Training should be conducted at a rapid pace to train the body. in amateur boxing. step back or sidestep and throw your left jab. This is what the boxer wants you to do so that he can step back out of your punching range and stick you in the nose with his educated left jab. Remember. particularly the cardiovascular system. Constant pressure and not hitting until you are very close to your opponent is key. In this case. A boxer should train for the same duration in which he is going to compete. DO NOT punch while you are moving in. get close and then unleash a barrage of punches. he is not prepared for it. and should be encouraged as additional methods of training for your boxers:
Swimming Circuit Training
Weight Lifting. fire a quick combination and then get out of his punching range. 3. when 100% is needed in competition. Your better. bobbing. hit and move out before you get hit.
CONDITIONING IS 80% OF AMATEUR BOXING
The following is a recommended workout schedule.
Frazier the second round and then work on the “In and Out” in the third. water bags and uppercut bags.
Before you begin any bag work. It does not make sense to train with lighter gloves than that. You should complete three rounds of rope jumping. as with the heavybag. Learn the double hit movement. You can work on different styles and opponents. Imagine that you are working against Ali the first round. bags. Slip these imaginary punches and counter.
. 40 lb. Again. Jumping on concrete is too easy and bad for your legs. abdomen. Each one responds differently when punched just like each of your opponents will box differently. A flexible muscle is less likely to cramp or pull. you’ll know that your boxer is in shape!
Ringside offers a complete line of both heavybags and double end bags. delicate bones of the hand.
2. Act like the bag can hit back.) before working out. In competition.BASIC PROGRAM
It is very important that all athletes take at least 10 to 15 minutes to thoroughly stretch ALL of the major muscle groups (arms. The heavybag and double end bag should be hit with large bag gloves for two reasons: 1. Hit it 25 times with each hand. At most clubs. Make your jab work like a well-oiled piston and throw combinations in bunches of five to seven punches. work hard and the speed bag can be a valuable tool. increase the intensity of the workout until the athlete can go non-stop for three rounds. legs. The idea is to spar against an imaginary opponent. remove some air (about 25%) from the bag and hit it. The heavybag develops punching power and speed. Don’t just go through the motions of hitting the bag. 10 or 12 ounce gloves will be used.
All new boxers should have their program laid out for them so that they have guidelines to follow and know what to do each day they get to the gym. Your arms need to be conditioned for what will be used in competition. Work it. — — — — Warm-up 5 minutes Stretching 10 minutes 3 Rounds of Shadowboxing 3-4 Rounds of Sparring (twice a week) — 3 Rounds of the Heavybag — 3 Rounds of the Double End Bag — 3 Rounds of the Jump Rope — 3 Rounds on the Punch Mitts or Coach Spar Mitts — 3 Rounds on the Speed Bag — Abdominal Exercises and Stretching 20 minutes Each round should last two minutes with up to one minute rest in between. For a variation. Don’t just hit the bag. As the boxer’s level of ability improves with each bag.
This light bag does wonders to improve arm endurance and hand-eye coordination. Hit it once with each hand. At that point. To protect the 26 small. Rotate on your bags. you must pretend that the double end bag can hit back.
A quality speed rope is necessary to condition the legs and develop the cardiovascular endurance. so don’t forget your defense. One hand injury can end a career. Remember that flexibility is just as important as power.
This is a great way to begin your workout. It will force you to punch harder. they have a variety of heavybags: 70 lb. back. bags. etc. be sure you have a good pair of gloves.
DOUBLE END BAG
The primary purpose of this bag is to work on your jabs and quick combinations. Always jump on a padded surface. Alternate these routines. It can also be used to practice slipping punches.
Missing punches also takes more energy and consequently will aid in your conditioning. try moving a little.DRILL WORK
Drill work is a great way to work on specific techniques in a controlled situation. you can also help your boxers work on defense. while others do the basic job of providing the boxer with a target. He/she should slip the punch or catch the punch and counter with a jab or straight right. With some of the mitts available (Coach Spar Mitts). If you’re sparring with someone of lesser ability. a different move or defense technique. The aspect that makes these mitts different is that they also give the coach the ability to “tap” the boxer back when he makes a mistake. Many of the mitts have specific uses. This ability to work on defense and offense at the same time makes these mitts a must for every gym.
PUNCH MITTS AND DRILL EQUIPMENT FOR COACHES
There is a large selection of punch mitts available today. you can still work on a variety of techniques such as body attack. The protection provided to the coach by the Super Body Protector means you can work on the forgotten art of body punching without worrying about taking a pounding.
COACH SPAR MITTS
These mitts were designed specifically by Ringside to give the coach the ability to teach both offense and defense at the same time. These mitts are padded so that the coach can “catch” the punches just like regular punch mitts. When they master this. always try to work on a new punch. add more punches. There are many other great training devices available from Ringside that a coach can use to give just the right look to any particular workout. It provides a heavily padded target that the coach can move and adjust to fit the specific techniques he is working on.
This device is a great way to work on offensive techniques with even the heaviest hitter. the punch mitts are an offensive target that the coach or trainer can control to help a boxer work on different offensive skills. Punch mitts can be used to work on certain combinations. Start your new boxers with basic left/right combinations. increase the speed until you are imitating an actual punch. This much more effectively stimulates a real opponent. As the boxer gets better at this.
. By missing punches you can evaluate if you are exercising proper balance. Never spar just to be sparring.
When you commence sparring. Learn to love to spar. Continue to add punches and movement as they improve. Now his athlete can work on body punches during punch mitt drills. Boxing can only be learned through boxing. Ringside has a complete line of punch mitts to help you come up with the mitt that best fits your program. defense or even offense by making your punches slightly miss their mark (your sparring partner). As they improve. Start by throwing a jab at about half speed at your athlete. to learn proper footwork and even defense. Basically.
SUPER BODY PROTECTOR
The Super Body Protector provides the coach with a whole new training option.
but in reality they are very weak in this area. Slowly return your head to its starting position. it is a good idea to finish up with a jog of any length you desire. This weighted training device is used by laying flat on the floor. The exercises it employs are the same as the Wrap Around Neck Strengthener only they’re done from a standing position. deliberate fashion with 15-20 repetitions per side.Running is an excellent means of conditioning for boxing. explosive. if done properly. A more complete guide to medicine ball workouts is provided free of charge with any Ringside Medicine Ball purchase. 3. When you start to get in shape. Lay flat on back. The Wrap Around Neck Strengthener is convenient and very effective. 2 Minutes Novice Champ Then rest for one minute and repeat this process three times. intensive action. bring knees up to chest. The medicine ball is a valuable tool in conditioning the stomach. 3. Plant your legs firmly and rapidly hand the medicine ball off to each other in a circular fashion. Hold the medicine ball against your chest while lying on your back. a ring post or any hook. put ankle of one foot on opposite knee. Bring a stopwatch or watch with a second hand to time yourself.
DO ALL UNTIL YOU GET A GOOD BURN!
1. He will mimic your movement and throw it back. · Junior Division Age 10-11 1 Minute · Intermediate Division Age 12-13 1 ½ Minutes · Senior Division Age 14-15 2 Minutes · Novice Division Age 16-20 2 Minutes · Open Division Age 21 or over. Focus on rotating and twisting at the waist to gain torque in your punches. Again. alternate elbows to knee. roll over to your side and lift your head to touch your ear.EXERCISES
Most boxers look like they have strong stomach muscles. “Coaching Olympic-Style Boxing” is available from Ringside and should be a part of every coach and boxer’s library. 4. Lay on back. legs back to floor. to become proficient. a boxer needs to train more than three days a week. Jog a mile or so to warm-up. 1. 2. Do the following exercises religiously. Roadwork should be done as follows: 1. Lay flat on back with legs in air at right angle to upper body. This unique cable-system can be attached to a door knob. an intense interval running program. but remember that your real amateur boxing workout is the sprint routine. The Ringside Neck Strengthener incorporates cables to utilize resistance training which has proven to be extremely effective. Warm-up by stretching out. alternate elbows to knees. not crosscountry running or marathon racing. pump legs in bicycle fashion touching elbow to opposite knee. Ringside also offers books and videos that expand on the different workouts you can do with the medicine ball. 2. Now comes the workout—Sprint for the same amount of time you will be boxing. the key is training your body for quick. hands behind head. Lift your head until it is vertical to the floor. 1. Lay on back. For a more comprehensive running program. 2.
This is the most under-worked area on a boxer’s body and must be strengthened to protect a boxer’s head from rotating in a violent nature when hit with a good shot.
As previously stated. hands behind head. among other aspects of training. alternate elbows to knees. This details. Switch ankle and knee positions. you should be covering more ground during your sprint. knees up. Exercising the neck is of extreme importance.
. An instruction guide is included with each of these neck-strengthening devices when ordered from Ringside. Bend your legs and lie directly in front of a partner. Lay flat on back. Each exercise should be performed in a controlled. knees up. A couple of basic drills follow. Next. Below are a few brief abdominal exercises. Keep in mind that you are training for amateur boxing. Sit-up and at the top of the movement throw the medicine ball to your partner. Begin on your back and bend your head forward until your chin touches your chest. 2. After you have completed your intense sprint program. 5. USA Boxing has produced a book called “Coaching Olympic-Style Boxing”. elbows behind head. then return it to a horizontal position. Stand back to back with a partner. Do this on both sides and then lay face down.
ELBOWS IN FRONT OF BODY: This will
protect your body against body punches. Speed is derived by keeping the elbow down and snapping the arm forward at the elbow joint. If you move backward. Do the opposite to move right. Your left knee should be bent for balance. For instance.BASIC FUNDAMENTALS
In order to be a competent boxer.HANDS IN FRONT OF HEAD: Your
hands should always be held at cheek level to protect the head against your opponent’s blows.
This is the most important punch in boxing. You can use the jab to disrupt your opponent’s rhythm and timing. FOOTWORK: Place your left foot and left shoulder out front. The arms from the elbow to the fist must be in a vertical (straight up and down) position at all times. you’re susceptible to being either hit or pushed off balance. which should then make the left higher. A good technique for raising the left shoulder is to bend the right knee. THROW PUNCHES STRAIGHT OUT AND BRING STRAIGHT BACK TO HEAD: When punches are thrown. you will be susceptible to right hands. If not. Power is possible by slightly pushing the body. This actually lowers the right shoulder. Also having the elbows in front of the body is the proper position from which to throw punches and also to block uppercuts. but more importantly. don’t drag your right foot. It is extremely important that your left shoulder is “out front” or pointing towards your opponent.
3. move the right foot back and then move the left foot after. and your feet should be pointing toward your opponent. Take your time and learn them well.
1. Make sure the left shoulder is always higher than the right. The purpose of the left jab is to keep your opponent on the defense and to accumulate points. whenever your feet are together. he will have to concern himself with defense which will afford him less time to work on his offense (hitting you in the nose). This is the ideal defensive position. Plus. forward with your right foot and leg when the jab is thrown. If you move forward. 4. move the left leg first and pick up the distance with the right foot. Your feet should be the length of a normal
step apart. The left jab is thrown by extending the left hand and arm fully. It is a waste of energy. it will cause your hands to be positioned in front of your head. move the left foot to the left and then bring over the right foot. Your feet must also remain apart for purpose of balance. It also puts you in the proper defensive position to guard against the right hand. Also. Do not get into the bad habit of bringing your feet together after you throw punches. Use it.
. Make it work so that your weight is evenly distributed. if you want to move left. you must master the basic fundamentals. in addition to using it to control the bout. when you move forward. If you are keeping a jab in your opponents face. the hands should be returned to their on-guard position as quickly as possible to protect the head. This is the most important step in amateur boxing. keeping to left elbow down and turning the forearm so that the knuckles land in a horizontal position. This will allow for full rotation of the shoulders and hips when throwing the right hand. Every advanced move or technique is based on having solid fundamentals. particularly your left shoulder. Moving left or right is accomplished by stepping sideways with the foot of the direction you wish to move.
1. 5. 3.THE KEYS TO THE LEFT JAB ARE:
Throw it from the head. you will be a good boxer. If you can develop a solid left jab. 1. Work on the jab until your left arm almost falls off. Push the left shoulder forward by pushing from the floor with the right foot. 2. Don’t throw it just to be doing something. Keep your elbow down. 3.
. it should not be used unless your opponent is within punching range. 4. Dot not move your right elbow when throwing the left. How to jab is as important as knowing when to jab. Snap the arm forward at the elbow joint. 4. this will be your power punch because it is delivered with the weight of the body. The right is normally thrown after the left jab. 5. Unless you are using the jab for probing purposes. The left knee should be bent for balance. whipping your right shoulder forward and pivoting the hips. Doing so will afford your opponent the opportunity to gauge your speed and time your punches.
For the beginner. Take a whole week in the gym and throw only this punch. Your power will be derived by pushing and pivoting the right foot. 2. Return the jab back to the head as quickly as you throw it out. Throw the right from the face and bring the right elbow up to about shoulder level. Return the right immediately to the head. 6.
These basic defensive maneuvers should be practiced over and over with a teammate so that they eventually become a reflex action. inside of the opponent’s left jab.
DEFENSE AGAINST THE LEFT JAB
OUTSIDE SLIP: This involves bending at the knees and dropping the upper body forward and to the right.
DEFENSE AGAINST THE STRAIGHT RIGHT
1. 2. After the technique is mastered. allowing the right to pass safely by. The two basic slips are outside and inside. It calls for exact timing and judgment. it must be executed so that the blow is escaped by only the smallest margin. Do not reach out for the jab. Always take your catcher’s mitt with you when you slip as a backup system
INSIDE SLIP: This involves bending at
the knees and dropping the upper body forward to the left. Your head should end up directly over your left knee. Have your partner throw punches in slow motion while you block them. have him pick up the pace to simulate the real thing. Keeping the left hand in proper position in front of the head should block most rights.
2. This is a somewhat dangerous move because you are moving into your opponent’s right hand. THE CATCH: The left jab is caught in the palm of the open right
glove (catcher’s mitt).
. SLIPPING: This involves avoiding a blow without actually moving
the body out of range. outside of your opponent’s left hand. The purpose of slipping is to avoid the blow and maintain the position to counter. To be effective. DUCK OR SLIP: Drop the upper body and head forward and to the left. Be sure to keep up resistance in your right hand so you don’t hit yourself. Be sure to keep your hands in front of your head as a backup system and also that you will not be cautioned for head-butting. Let it come to you. The outside slip is relatively safe because you are slipping away from the right hand.
THE LEFT HOOK
The left hook is the most difficult punch to learn correctly. 5. Your arm should be in a half-bent position and should not dip below the waistline. Ducking: Bend your upper body forward from the waist and dip both knees allowing your head to drop underneath the hook.
1. 2. kept in front of your head and body. It should never be used as a lead punch. This is usually thrown from a close position after a left jab or a right hand. The hook is most often thrown with: Palm In: With this hook. The forearm should be parallel to the ground when the hook lands. Use the left foot and hip to pivot or turn your body while bringing up the elbow to a horizontal position. 4. the palm of the hand faces your body.
DEFENSE AGAINST UPPERCUTS
1. but when thrown correctly it can be extremely effective. 6. Block with your hands and forearms. Forearm Block: Cover the right side of your head with your right
arm and touch your ear with your right glove.
. only when actual openings are present. While ducking. 1. be sure not to take your eyes off your opponent. Return to the “on guard” position. The most effective defense is merely stepping back out of range. 2. This is somewhat difficult to master. These are usually thrown from the inside with the right after closing the distance with a left jab or hook. 2. 3.
DEFENSE TO THE LEFT HOOK
1. Keep your left knee bent for balance.
Drawing is similar to feinting. 4.
This is the art of boxing at close range. 2. In feinting.FEINTING. or feint. weave. To obtain the inside position. to create openings. Left jab to the chin. the punches should increase in intensity so that the later blows have more power. Left jab to the chin. Left jab to the chin followed by a left jab to the body.
This is a series of blows delivered in a natural sequence so that an opening may result. some part of the body or head is left unprotected in order to entice the opponent into throwing a specific blow. Straight right to chin and a left hook to the chin. Left jab to the body and a straight right to the body.
This simply means to completely cover your head and body so that no vulnerable area is exposed. 3. SHELLING-UP AND INFIGHTING
Feinting is a characteristic of the advanced boxer. It is especially effective when moving an opponent to work off his chest and cut off the punching room. 12. duck. Straight right to the chin and a left hook to the body. 8. It requires using the eyes. 9. dropping your knees or pivoting your shoulders. so that a counter attack can be executed. Left jab to the chin. straight right to the chin and a left hook to the chin. Left jab to the body followed by a left jab to the chin. an opening is created. 10. As a combination is thrown. hands. Left jab to the body and a straight right to the chin. ARM FEINTS: This includes simply appearing to punch a specific area with one hand and then doing the opposite. such as advancing quickly. straight right to the body and a left hook to the chin. while in drawing. slip. Left jab to the chin and a straight right to the body. straight right to the chin (the old one-two). body and legs in a single effort to deceive the opponent. 1.
7. DRAWING. Your hands must be kept in front of your head or a foul for butting will be called. 5. draw. Hooking off the jab—left jab to the chin and a left hook to the chin. 6. Double or triple left jab to the chin. 11. Straight right to the body and a left hook to the chin.
.BODY FEINTS: This includes making various movements with the body to check your opponent’s reaction. it is necessary to advance quickly.
WHENEVER YOUR OPPONENT GETS SET TO HIT . However. Make him come to you 2. 4. don’t show it. If he won’t come to you. Always circle to your left. If you wait. otherwise move out quickly. 2. It also means having the ability to adapt one’s style to that of the opponent. don’t jump around and make unnecessary movements. 2. not your hands. MOVE. Rarely do the same thing twice in succession.
. 4. 8. 6. Move out quickly and don’t slug. CARRY YOUR HANDS HIGH AT ALL TIMES. Use it often. PUZZLE THE OPPONENT BY A VARIETY OF MANEUVERS. All south-paws have very powerful straight left hands. Remember the left hook is the most effective weapon against a south-paw. A tall opponent is probably accustomed to having opponents come to him. 7. Keep your right hand (catcher’s mitt) ready to catch his big left hand if he throws it. COVER UP AND PROTECT YOURSELF . 3. THE LEFT HAND IS THE SAFEST LEAD. KEEP MOVING. If you are hurt. 2. 3. BE IN CONDITION.
HOW TO BOX A SLUGGER
1. 2. Don’t let your opponent get set. Make the south-paw come to you. 3. 12.
Ring generalship is a general plan of strategy thought out in advance of the bout which attempts to nullify the opponent’s strength and take advantage of his weakness.
HOW TO BOX A JABBER
1. Continually force your opponent and try to corner him on the ropes so that close range can be attained. APPEAR CONFIDENT AT ALL TIMES.
HOW TO BOX A TALL OPPONENT
1. away from the left hand. giving him no punching room.
HOW TO BOX A RUSHER
1. move in fast and hit. Keep your right hand in proper defensive position to catch the jab. IF A BLOW IS MISSED OR YOU ARE OFF-BALANCE.
HOW TO BOX A SOUTH-PAW (LEFT HANDED BOXER)
1. KNOW THE FUNDAMENTALS. Sidestep and stick with the left jab followed by a right when possible. you expend energy. Fight with your head. When the south-paw throws a jab. RELAX. Nothing makes up for good physical conditioning. Remain there if you are successful. To stand in one spot means you are an easy target. 9. you will be punched. 13. Move in quickly and launch a sudden attack. If you are tense. 5. Outthink your opponent. 10. Keep moving. USE YOUR HEAD. 2. slip to his left and counter with a left hook. Slip or duck the jab and move in to counter to the body or head. and you will out-box him. shell up and move in. Don’t lead. PUNCH WHEN YOUR OPPONENT IS IN RANGE. 3. NEVER FORGET THAT YOUR OPPONENT IS AS TIRED AS YOU ARE. There will be many chances to use them. 11. If the rusher gets close.
Act like you know what you’re doing and try to achieve eye contact with the judges. vegetables. If you are boxing out of the blue corner. but never cocky. 4. Because boxing is so vigorous. Sugar is a poison to the body. Eat fruits. Smile and nod to them. No intentional spitting
out of your mouthpiece.
10. Judges like and favor boxers who have a classic style of keeping their hands up and moving gracefully. A high carbohydrate diet with a fair amount of protein and low fat is a real plus. vegetables and low calorie meats. The judges do not like it and will vote against you. Try to avoid eating large amounts of red meat. 9. 1. 8. If you have been assigned to the red corner.
7. This will make you and your punches easier for the judge to identify. you will be better off boxing in the lowest possible weight class so that you might have a power and strength advantage. When you come into the ring. EVER showboat. appear confident. Avoid processed foods that are full of chemicals such as potato chips. wear a predominantly red uniform. Never talk to the referee of your opponent during the bout.Bringing your weight down must be done gradually.
4. not in one week. but the factor of human nature should still be considered. ice cream. 13. shuffling your feet or dropping your hands. An eight second rest is given when a boxer appears hurt. 2. proceed to the furthest neutral corner. No kidney punches. fruits and whole grain breads and cereals. 11. Do not fast. wear predominantly blue.
3. 3. No holding.
. Eat more fish. most snacks. etc. and your body will usually tell you that limit. No moving in on an opponent unless your hands are in front of your head. No hitting below the belt or behind the head. 2. Your opponent wants you to display bad sportsmanship for his advantage. No hitting with the open glove. not on the power of the punches. Adelle Davis. No hitting on the break 6. There is a limit to how far you can go. 12. poultry. No holding and hitting. Judges will look for certain things that can influence their vote. Protect yourself at
all times. Keep its use to a minimum level. Remember that points are scored on boxing ability. fish. etc. chicken and turkey. A boxer should eat balanced meals of meat. The following are a few of these things. Always exercise sportsman-like conduct even if your opponent calls your mother a name. such as talking to your opponent.
1. When an opponent is knocked down. “You are what you eat”. Drink a large amount of water to replenish lost liquids and to clean out your system.DIET
The proper diet for a boxer would be much like the proper diet for a wrestler or sprinter. 5.
Generally speaking. it is advisable that a daily vitamin supplement be used. Never. a famous nutritionist said it best.
HOW TO WIN AN AMATEUR BOUT
Amateur bouts are judged by trained officials who are counting the number of effective blows that are landed.
The heavier gloves will naturally provide a greater level of protection. The headgear should fit snug so that it doesn’t shift on your head during your workout. The different designs are basically divided into two distinct groups—lace-up and elastic. so be sure to try to find the best protection. simpler and quicker for a coach to put on the athlete. They should also be comparable in weight to the gloves that you compete in. 1 (800) 684-0544 15
RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Bag Gloves—Super Bag Gloves—Power Bag Gloves—Contender Super Bag Gloves 2. Inc. An intelligent coach will always recommend Ringside.
1. it is more economical in the long run to buy the best equipment that will provide both safety and durability. The other design differences are just a matter of preference. and at the same time will force the arms to work harder because of the added weight. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Classic Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Safety Training Gloves (lace or elastic) International Style Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Heavy-Hitter Gloves Contender Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Junior Safety Training Gloves
This is a VITAL piece of personal equipment! The entire purpose of the headgear is to protect that fragile little computer that sits on your shoulders. The best headgear is constructed of leather. The sizes usually range from 14 oz. visibility and fit for you. to 18 oz. Compare products and talk to other boxers and coaches before you spend your money. That way you will condition your arms to handle the weight of competition gloves. BAG GLOVES: It is important that the gloves you use to hit the bags or work punch mitts will provide you with optimal protection for your hands. SPARRING GLOVES: Sparring Gloves come in many different sizes and designs. Someone with a lot of boxers or a limited number of sparring gloves should consider this time saver. Be sure that you get the most protective headgear you possible can. There are several brands and designs on the market. It should also be designed for good visibility without compromising protection. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT Fightgear.PROPER EQUIPMENT FOR AMATEUR BOXING
Generally speaking. The lace-up design is the traditional glove design that requires someone to lace the glove and tie it on the boxer. This difference refers to the way the glove is put on the boxer. The elastic wrist design is much
The smaller double end bags are faster and more difficult to hit. Again. there are a variety of sizes and shapes available to cater to your workout. you can also practice your defensive techniques with this bag. the faster it moves. they will still get a great workout on the original bag. Here again. It provides a very solid. Try to stick to the basics in the beginning.GYM EQUIPMENT
The ideal combination of equipment that you need for your gym will depend on your own specific program. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Canvas Heavybag—Leather Heavybag—Powerhide Heavybag—Water Bags—Headhunter Bag Free Standing Heavybag
1. It’s called “The Rock”. hand speed. It is also possible to get heavybags from Ringside that are custom filled to your preference. heavybags can be ordered unfilled so that you can save money and fill the bag to your own specifications. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Double End Bag—Double Double End Bag—Filled Double End Bag
You can find many different heavybags in an assortment of weights. Ringside has a great product that you can use to anchor the bottom of the bag. but we will try to give you a general idea of the basics found in most gyms. A good canvas heavybag is usually tough enough for the normal workout. Speed Bags: Here again. this is a matter of preference. you can go to a smaller size. The idea that buying quality is best applies here just as it did with the personal gear. this is probably one of the most effective teaching tools in any gym. Because the bag bounces back when you hit it. there are a large variety of brands and sizes available so you will need to decide on the one that is best for you. Try to remember that they all do the same job. The leather bag represents a larger initial investment. so you will want to start out with a larger bag and then as you get the hang of it. Many of the bigger (or better funded) gyms use leather heavybags. The smaller the bag. There are large assortments of different bags on the market today. All in all. so start out with the larger one. You can get them with the regular firm fill or with a soft fill that provides a two-inch foam liner in the bag to reduce wear and tear on your hands. and accuracy. and it can be confusing. sizes and materials. If you aren’t able to drill into your floor to mount a double end bag. In addition. stable mount for your double end bag without having to be mounted to anything. You can also custom order bags to different weights. Most gyms use canvas heavybags because they are less expensive. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE X-Small Speed Bag (5”x8”) Small Speed Bag (6”x9”) Medium Speed Bag (7”x10”) Large Speed Bag (7”x11”) 16
. combinations. but in the long run it will last much longer. and then you can look to specialized bags as you identify your individual training needs.
DOUBLE END BAGS
This bag is great for developing hand/eye coordination. Make sure that you get a bag that will hold up to your workout needs. Even after your athletes graduate to the smaller bags.
The FROM RINGSIDE use of the Heavy Hitter Pad will help protect you from Professional Model Speed Bag Platform Middleweight Model Speed Bag Platform even the biggest punches. The added option of teaching defense makes these mitts a real plus for your gym. Because there is a lot of vibration that occurs during the normal use of this piece of equipment. 17
. This is very important if you Traditional Punch Mitts—Panther Punch Mitts—Ultra have a gym with a large number of boxers. They are used to work on offensive in detail in our catalog. They should have a thick.
techniques and conditioning. Economical Model Speed Bag Platform Ultimate Classic Speed Bag Platform
ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT PUNCH MITTS
Some additional equipment that you will find very helpful includes the Maize Ball for learning to slip As we mentioned in an earlier section of the manual. Speed Bag Platforms: The most important feature of a speed bag platform is stability. it is a good idea to check your platform often for loose nuts and bolts.
SUPER BODY PROTECTOR
This piece of equipment is very helpful for teaching body punching without the coach suffering the consequences.
RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Pro-Swivel—Super Swivel—Traditional Pro-Swivel 3.2. This product gives your athlete the RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT ability to actually throw body punches at the body. durability and proper action. punches. Some are designed for speed while others are made to change bags or platforms easier. Make sure that you have a stable wall to mount it on. Light Punch Mitts—Air Mitts
COACH SPAR MITTS
We discussed the advantages of Coach Spar Mitts for your workout. It is also important that they be long enough to protect the wrist. and the Heavybag Attachment for more punching options. Try to find the best design for you that will provide for speed. Speed Bag Swivels: The selection of swivels on the market provide for many different specific needs and jobs. the Slip Stick for mobility and defense. foam padded target area with a secure glove on the back to provide stability. punch mitts are a very effective and necessary tool There are many more great tools that are all explained for any gym. Another RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT important feature of a good platform is the ability to FROM RINGSIDE adjust the height easily.
Ringside offers a you need. Some are slightly elastic. catalog. As indicated earlier. Handwraps are the first line of defense against injury. and they take a huge amount of impact during every workout. but also the hips and upper abdomen. too. trunks. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Classic Handwraps—Ultimate Handwraps Mexican Handwraps—Junior Handwraps
The “cup” is another vital piece of equipment. so don’t rush into a mouthpiece you may consider as you purchase until you are sure it provides the protection progress. you will probably want to expand MOUTHPIECES on your personal gear as well as your competition gear. Your personal needs will determine what works best for you. The Female GroinAbdominal Protector provides additional coverage for women’s hips and kidneys. Many styles and designs provide a large variety of personal protection needs.PERSONAL EQUIPMENT
RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE WIPSS Jaw Joint Protector—Super Guard The Shock Doctor—Black Beauty Double Guard—Single Guard
This is probably the most important piece of equipment any boxer ever uses. Talking to more experienced boxers can equipment in our latest give you some good input on the subject. delicate bones in every human hand. The number one health reason that a boxer quits boxing is a hand injury. There are several styles available. Also very important to the safety of the boxer is a Things like shoes. 18
. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Classic No Foul Protector—No Foul Protector—Groin Abdominal Protector—Mexican Style No Foul Protector—Female No Foul Protector
As you become more proficient in this sport. There are also chest protectors that aid in the defense against chest blows and help protect the sternum. Others are for smaller hands. Ringside also offers specific protectors for women. Some of the larger designs not only protect the groin and the lower abdomen. The competition headgear and assortment of mouthpieces available today is robes are some of the things overwhelming. there are 26 small. properly fitted and protective mouthpiece. You may want to consult your dentist for complete line of personal some advice.
so consequently it is necessary to set up a schedule of matches for your competitive boxers to motivate them to stay in shape. is to support several local charities such as Muscular Dystrophy. Ringside Conditioning Video Call 1-877-4-BOXING or go online at www. Weight Training for the Boxer 3.
. Colorado 80909 Phone: 719-578-4506 USA Boxing is headquartered at the Olympic Training Center in NATIONAL JUNIOR Colorado Springs and has a staff OLYMPICS of professionals that are supported Sonny Duncan 719-520-6507 by a large national network of volunteers. draws on over 40 years of experience in the sport to share numerous.
“SCHOOL OF HARD KNOCKS”
Ringside offers an extensive library of educational video programs for coaches and boxers. all goals and objectives can be attained—a very important lesson to learn. cutting-edge approaches to training. #RTV
JOHN BROWN’S RINGSIDE TRAINING SERIES
ESTABLISHED BOXING PROGRAMS
Fortunately there are many and their love of the sport which are programs in this country that allow the backbone of the program. It creates pride and is good advertising for the program. to these and other amateur boxing National Junior Olympics.ringside. President of Ringside. Boxers. March of Dimes. Colorado Springs. How long would football players practice if there were no games scheduled? Another good idea. Set up a program in which your boxers receive a free club jacket or warm-up after participating in a required number of bouts—ten to fifteen is a good number to strive for. It is these volunteers Jim Beasley 316-663-6942
John Brown. Ringside covers the basics and moves into advances boxing techniques.HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR BOXERS
Make club T-shirts available for all members to purchase.com to order or request a 180-page catalog full of boxingrelated instructional videos and books. All of these activities are geared to instill in your boxers the fact that through work. especially if you have a good size team. Have your team run collectively in some benefit 10K races all wearing team T-shirts and running as a group. diligence and pride. each with a Ray Rodgers 501-225-7998 chairman and are further dissected into 60 associations each also with NATIONAL GOLDEN GLOVES a chairman. Olympic and PanAmerican Game Trials and USA BOXING Operation Gold and offers 1750 East Boulder Street scholarships to deserving boxers.
ALSO AVAILABLE FROM RINGSIDE ARE THESE AND OTHER OUTSTANDING TITLES:
1. boxer participation at many different levels. like any other athletes. USA The following is a list of programs Boxing sponsors the annual with people to contact in reference National Boxing Championships. Etc. which is responsible for the rules and regulations of the sport. Sports Festival. The country is divided NATIONAL SILVER GLOVES into 18 regions. the John Brown/Ringside Training Series is undoubtedly the most innovative boxing instruction program in the industry. This is a multi-tape series that will help anyone interested in the fight game to gain a good foundation and full understanding of the principles of boxing. It is a superlative program amateur boxing is USA Boxing focused on developing young talent. It is also great public relations for the club. It is good for your boxers to appreciate the fact that there are many who are less fortunate and need help. Great Trainers Video Series 2.
RINGSIDE TRAINING INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS
Beginning with the first tape in the series. National programs. need goals and objectives to aim for. persistence. The Silver Gloves Program is the premiere event for 10-15 year-old The national governing body of boxers. Each of the 10 John Brown Ringside Training videos concentrates on one aspect of training that is essential to building a complete boxer. Expanding on traditional routines and entirely new techniques.
but for you. 5. hardworking coaches. scholastically supported sports. 2. CAUTIOUS PARENT’S FEARS AND HESITANT SUPPORTERS DOUBTS. this complete manual has been compiled from years of research. MAINTAIN AND PROMOTE A BOXING PROGRAM. generating funds for travel and managing gym expenses. how to attract new boxers and coaches and how to run a successful program. It is an invaluable booklet for anyone with an interest in the sport of boxing. 3. promoters and gym owners.) Manual Two—Funding and Running a Boxing Program: Covers the basic economics of building a gym.) Flyer Two—A Guide for the Beginning Boxer: A handout for parents and prospective athletes that provides answers to the most often asked questions and what to expect from participating in the sport
Call now for this unequaled package. countless dollars and painstaking research have gone into compiling this unprecedented promotional tool! Information this valuable would normally cost hundreds of dollars. we at RINGSIDE are providing it at no charge. 7. From the beginning fundamentals to proper use of equipment. It also provided a general outline that includes several informative concepts and valuable ideas.) Manual Five—Ringside Boxing Manual: The ideal guidebook for coaches and boxers.If you’ve ever wondered…
“HOW TO START AND RUN A BOXING GYM”
Thousands of hours.) Manual One—How to Start a Boxing Program: Includes a step by step guide to building a club from the ground up.
Your answers are here!
COMPLETE PACKAGE INCLUDES:
1.) Manual Four—Amateur Boxing IS Safe: Provides a myriad of facts and statistics that demonstrate the safe nature of boxing and how it compares to more popular. 6. RUN. THIS MULTI-PIECE PACKET IS AN IDEAL RESOURCE FOR ANSWERING PROSPECTIVE BOXER’S QUESTIONS. 4. team activities and special tips for fundraising. ideas on how to finance your athletes.
. MOST COMPREHENSIVE PACKAGE ON ALL IT TAKES TO START.) Flyer One—Why Boxing?: The psychological and social benefits of boxing are enormous. along with a 180-page RINGSIDE Boxing Equipment Catalog
THE FIRST-EVER. Why all youth should look to boxing as a athletic outlet is explained in this informational brochure.) Manual Three—USA Boxing’s Fundraising Program: This booklet focuses on raising money.
ringside. or go online at www.boxing (877-426-9464).com to order “the best in boxing!”
STRENGTH IN NUMBERS
.call for a free catalog: 1-877-4.