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A

Atavism: Lombroso’s theory that criminals are different from non-criminals, in that they are sub-human and have the physical features of apes and lower primates. Anomie: Emile Durkheim’s idea, relating to the strain theory, which states that society has put pressure on people to act in a certain way. Said pressure can lead to rule breaking, lawlessness and chaos.

B
Bourgeoisie: Middle class people, or the capitalists who own most of the wealth in Marxist terms. Broken Window Thesis: James Q Wilson’s theory states; if an area is full of incivilities such as graffiti, vandalism, high noise levels etc, then more anti-social behaviour and more serious crimes will further commence.

Because of it some police officers can’t speak out against said racism.C Canteen Culture: A clannish. Corporal Punishment: A physical punishment. . Capital Punishment: Legally killing someone as a punishment for committing a crime. cliquey culture amongst the police force which may include racism. caning etc. flogging. such as whipping.

D .

E .

F .

G .

All the crimes that haven’t been reported.H Hidden Rate of Crime: The gap in the statistics. I .

J .Institutional Racism: Racism and inequality in institutes. such as the police force.

K .

L Left Realism: Origins of crime are threefold: 1) Relative Deprivation .

2) Marginalisation 3) Subculture Left Idealism: Not sure. M Marginalisation: When smaller groups (usually from lower socio-economic backgrounds) are pushed aside by society and given .

often done to male black youth making them feel marginalised. Military Policing: Stop and search. .Material Deprivation Marxist: Marxist approach states that criminals are victims of a capitalist society.

N .

O .

. as defined by Marxism.P Proletariat: The working class people.

Q .

Recidivism: A relapse into crime. Right Realism: .R Rational Choice Theory: Relative Deprivation: Being deprived of something you feel you deserve.

S Sink Housing Estates: Socialisation: T .

U Utilitarianism .

V W .

X .

Y .

Z .