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Pandyan Dynasty

Sundara Pandyan

Sundara Pandyan came to power in 1216 CE after his elder brother Jatavarman Kulasekara Pandyan. Kulasekara Pandyan was a vassal of the Chola King Kulothunga Chola III. He had opposed and been defeated by Kulothunga Chola III in 1205 CE, when the victorious Chola armies burned down the ancient Pandyan coronation hall in Madurai. This sowed the seed for revenge when Sundara Pandyan took power Flag of Pandyan Dynasty

Flag of Chola Dynasty .Chola Dynasty Raja Raja Chozhan I (Tamil: ராஜ ராஜ ச ாழன்). he expanded the Chola Empire as far as Sri Lanka in the south. and Kalinga (Odisha) in the northeast. He fought many battles with the Chalukyas to the north and the Pandyas to the south. born Arulmozhi Thevar (also called as Raja Kesari Varman Raja Raja Devar and respectfully as Peruvudaiyar). By conquering Vengi. By conquering several small kingdoms in South India. popularly known as Raja Raja the Great. Rajaraja laid the foundation for the Later Chola dynasty. is one of the greatest emperors of the Tamil Chola Empire of India who ruled between 985 and 1014 CE.

Among these Venad. the last of the Chera Kings. His death signalled the disintegration of the Chera Empire. Kochi. Kozhikode and Kolathunad were the prominent ones which played an important role in shaping the medieval history of Kerala. After the fall of the Kulasekharas a number of independent states arose indifferent parts of Kerala. shifted his capital to Kollam.Chera Dynasty Rama Varma Kulasekhara. Flag of Chera Dynasty .