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Vitamins and their importance | UPSC Guide

Vitamins and their importance
Vitamin Name Chemical Names Important For Healthy Vision Bone Development Beta Carotene or Vitamin A Retinol Immune System It’s a good antioxidant Metabolism of Carbohydrates Functioning of Nerves and Vitamin B1 Thiamine Cardiovascular system Formation of RBC Metabolism of carbohydrates and Vitamin B2 Riboflavin fats Healthy Skin Release of energy from Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Niacin Pantothenic Acid carbohydrates, fats, proteins Import for enzyme synthesis Pellagra Paresthesia Grains, nuts, groundnut, milk Meat, Dal, Fish Grains, Bananas, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine Creation of RBC and Hormones Cell Growth Vitamin B7 Biotin Maintain Blood Sugar level DNA Synthesis RNA Synthesis Vitamin B9 Folic Acid Cell production Maintenance of brain function and nervous system Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin Production of RBC Antioxidant Healing of Wounds Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid Bone formation Bone growth Calcium and Phosphorus Vitamin D Calciferol absorption Rickets Osteomalacia Scurvy Citrus fruits, onion Human body can synthesize it cod liver oil Anemia Seafood, milk products, liver Birth Defects Dermatitis Dal Beans, Green leafy vegetables, orange, milk products Anemia Chicken Ariboflavinosis Night Blindness Beri-Beri Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome Grains, Beans, Eggs Green leafy vegetables, Milk products, Dal Deficiency Causes Source Yellow/Orange Vegetables Green leafy vegetables Fish, Eggs

Antioxidant Vitamin E Tocopherol Maintain RBC Wheat, Spinach Green leafy Vitamin K Phylloquinone Clotting of Blood Bleeding vegetables, Cauliflower

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