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On Farm Fish Culture

On Farm Fish Culture

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Published by: coyotewelder6282 on Jun 12, 2009
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Table 2: Common grasses suitable for use as fish food

Common name

Scientific name

Characteristics

Barnyard grass/millet
(million dollar grass) Echinochloa crusgalliTall, robust annual, grows vigorously, 60 to
120 cm tall.

Cassava (man-
ioc/tapioca)

Manihot spp.

First cutting at 40 cm from the ground 8
weeks after planting, then every 4 weeks;
chopped leaves and tubers used.

Guinea grass (colo-
nial/tanganyika/land
grass)

Panicum maximum Tall, vigorous tufted perennial, stems up to
3.5 m; cut at 60 to 90 cm; needs moist soils.

Hybrid napier grass
(elephant/uganda
grass)

Pennisetum ameri-
canum

Tall, erect perennial with thick stems up to
4.5 m; drought resistant; first cutting at 7 cm
from the ground at 7 weeks after planting;
then cut every 4 weeks at 10 to 15 cm;
chopped leaves and stems used; produc-
tion 225,000 to 300,000 kg per hectare;
food conversion 25 to 30; can be cropped
for 5 years.

Lalang grass

Imperata rundinacea Highland grass, up to 40 cm; extremely
drought resistant; palatable if cut frequently.

Napier grass (ele-
phant/uganda grass) Pennisetum pu-
pureum

Tall, erect perennial with thick stems up to
4.5 m; needs moist soils; first cutting at 7
cm from the ground 7 weeks after planting;
then cut every 4 weeks at 10-15 cm;
chopped leaves and stems used; produc-
tion 225,000 to 450,000 kg per hectare;
food conversion 30 to 40.

Para grass (califor-
nia/water/mauritius
grass, giant couch)

Brachiaria mutica

Very long trailing stems up to 2.5 m; broad
hairy leaves; needs wet soils, protein rich.

Rye grass

Lolium spp.

Adapted to low temperatures; cut fre-
quently; leaves and stems used; production
75,000 to 150,000 kg per hectare; food
conversion 17 to 23.

Star grass

Cynodon plec-
tostachyus

Also stabilizes pond dykes.

Sudan grass

Sorghum sudanense Slender annual; leafy stems up to 3 m;
drought resistant; cut frequently; leaves and
stems used; production 150,000 to 225,000
kg per hectare; food conversion 19 to 28.

Appendix 4: Plant crops as fish food

59

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