This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Dictionary Managed Tablespaces
Submitted by admin on Tue, 2003-07-01 12:31 • RDBMS Server When Oracle allocates space to a segment (like a table or index), a group of contiguous free blocks, called an extent, is added to the segment. Metadata regarding extent allocation and unallocated extents are either stored in the data dictionary, or in the tablespace itself. Tablespaces that record extent allocation in the dictionary, are called dictionary managed tablespaces, and tablespaces that record extent allocation in the tablespace header, are called locally managed tablespaces.
SQL> select tablespace_name, extent_management, allocation_type from dba_tablespaces; TABLESPACE_NAME -----------------------------SYSTEM SYS_UNDOTS TEMP EXTENT_MAN ---------DICTIONARY LOCAL LOCAL ALLOCATIO --------USER SYSTEM UNIFORM
Dictionary Managed Tablespaces (DMT): Oracle use the data dictionary (tables in the SYS schema) to track allocated and free extents for tablespaces that is in "dictionary managed" mode. Free space is recorded in the SYS.FET$ table, and used space in the SYS.UET$ table. Whenever space is required in one of these tablespaces, the ST (space transaction) enqueue latch must be obtained to do inserts and deletes agianst these tables. As only one process can acquire the ST enque at a given time, this often lead to contention. Execute the following statement to create a dictionary managed tablespace:
SQL> CREATE TABLESPACE ts1 DATAFILE '/oradata/ts1_01.dbf' SIZE 50M EXTENT MANAGEMENT DICTIONARY DEFAULT STORAGE ( INITIAL 50K NEXT 50K MINEXTENTS 2 MAXEXTENTS 50 PCTINCREASE 0);
Locally Managed Tablespaces (LMT): Using LMT, each tablespace manages it's own free and used space within a bitmap structure stored in one of the tablespace's data files. Each bit corresponds to a database block or group of blocks. Execute one of the following statements to create a locally managed tablespace:
SQL> CREATE TABLESPACE ts2 DATAFILE '/oradata/ts2_01.dbf' SIZE 50M EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL AUTOALLOCATE;
LOCAL. Note the difference between AUTOALLOCATE and UNIFORM SIZE: AUTOALLOCATE specifies that extent sizes are system managed.SQL> CREATE TABLESPACE ts3 DATAFILE '/oradata/ts3_01. it will have a locally managed SYSTEM tablespace by default. if you specify. The following restrictions apply: o o o No dictionary-managed tablespace in the database can be READ WRITE. if you create a database with DBCA (Database Configuration Assistant). Oracle will choose "optimal" next extent sizes starting with 64KB. MINIMUM EXTENT or TEMPORARY.dbf' SIZE 50M EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL UNIFORM SIZE 128K.2 one can change the SYSTEM tablespace to locally managed. 8MB. UNIFORM specifies that the tablespace is managed with uniform extents of SIZE bytes (use K or M to specify the extent size in kilobytes or megabytes). The default size is 1M. such as a table or an index. Also not. You cannot create new dictionary managed tablespaces You cannot convert any dictionary managed tablespaces to local Thus. Advantages of Locally Managed Tablespaces: o o o Eliminates the need for recursive SQL operations against the data dictionary (UET$ and FET$ tables) Reduce contention on data dictionary tables (single ST enqueue) Locally managed tablespaces eliminate the need to periodically coalesce free space (automatically tracks adjacent free space) Changes to the extent bitmaps do not generate rollback information o Locally Managed SYSTEM Tablespace: From Oracle9i release 9. is created. Further. Segment Space Management in LMT: . it is best only to convert the SYSTEM tablespace to LMT after all other tablespaces are migrated to LMT. and eventually to 64MB. The uniform extent size of a locally managed tablespace cannot be overridden when a schema object. you cannot specify DEFAULT STORAGE. This is the recommended option for a low or unmanaged environment. As the segment grows larger extent sizes will increase to 1MB.
one can not only have bitmap managed tablespaces. The Automatic Segment Space Management feature improves the performance of concurrent DML operations significantly since different parts of the bitmap can be used simultaneously eliminating serialization for free space lookups against the FREELSITS.From Oracle 9i. SQL> exec dbms_space_admin. Look at this example: SQL> CREATE TABLESPACE ts4 DATAFILE '/oradata/ts4_01. This is of particular importance when using RAC. Convert between LMT and DMT: The DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN package allows DBAs to quickly and easily convert between LMT and DMT mode. PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.Tablespace_Migrate_TO_Local('ts1'). but also bitmap managed segments when setting Segment Space Management to AUTO for a tablespace. Look at these examples: SQL> exec dbms_space_admin. PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. FREELISTS.dbf' SIZE 50M EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO. and FREELISTS GROUPS storage parameters for schema objects.Tablespace_Migrate_FROM_Local('ts2'). Segment Space Management eliminates the need to specify and tune the PCTUSED. . or if "buffer busy waits" are deteted.