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Index1

WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement and general alertness are crucial to safe and successful service work. Before attempting any work on your Porsche, be sure to read 00 Warnings and Cautions and the copyright page at the front of the manual. Review these warnings and cautions each time you prepare to work on your car. Please also read any warnings and cautions that accompany the procedures in the manual. driver airbag 69-8, 69-9, 69-10 contact spring 69-8, 69-11 fault codes 69-8 inspecting 03-45 passenger airbag 69-8, 69-9, 69-12 warning light 90-2, 90-4 Air flow flap 80-10, 87-2 Air flow sensor 24-20 Alarm 96-5, 96-10 see also Anti-theft system Alignment 44-2 front 44-2 front ride height 44-3 rear 44-4 specifications 44-5 Alternator (generator) 27-13, 27-14 alternator and regulator, checking 27-13 charging system 27-10 noisy alternator 27-14 replacing 27-14 troubleshooting 27-3, 27-12 see also Charging system Anti-theft system alarm 96-5, 96-10 alarm LED 96-11 central locking 96-8 central locking switch 57-5, 96-10 components 96-5 door lock emergency operation 96-9 electronic immobilizer 96-8 control module 96-12 passenger compartment monitor 96-11 remote key 96-6 battery specifications 96-7 programming 96-7 replacing battery 96-7 vehicle security 96-5 Antilock brakes (ABS) ABS 45-2, 45-3 ABS 5 / ABD 45-4, 45-5, 45-8 control unit 45-10 component descriptions 45-6 hydraulic unit 45-9 system identification 45-3 wheel speed sensors 45-8 see also Brakes Ash tray removing and installing 70-7 ATF (automatic transmission fluid) 03-25, 37-4, 37-5 ATF cooler 37-8 Automatic transmission 37-1 applications 02-7, 37-1 coding control unit 37-13 control unit diagnosis 1995 OBD-38 from 1996 OBD-50 control unit pinout 1995 OBD-37 from 1996 OBD-49 diagnostics 37-13 electrical components 37-3 fluid 03-24, 37-4, 37-5 cooler 37-8 fluid and filter change 37-5 gear position switch 37-10 gear ratios 37-3 installing 10a-17, 37-8 oil cooler assembly 37-8 removing 10a-2, 37-8 separating from engine 10a-20 service 03-24, 37-4 shift knob 37-12 shift lever cable 37-9, 37-10 tiptronic basics 37-2 torque converter 32-1 transverse acceleration sensor 37-3 Axle joint 03-41, 40-17, 42-15

A
Abbreviations and acronyms EWD-6 ABS (antilock brakes) see Antilock brakes (ABS) see also Brakes A/C A/C and heater unit 80-10, 87-2 belt 03-27 blower 87-4 climate control panel 80-3, 87-1 resistor 87-10 capacities 87-4 compressor 87-5 components 87-4 condenser 87-7 condenser fan 87-9 condenser fan ballast resistor 87-10 control panel 87-1 evaporator 87-2, 87-12 expansion valve 87-12 fresh air flap electric motor 80-2 housing 87-2 receiver/drier 87-11 refrigerant and refrigerant oil 87-4 vent flaps 80-10, 87-2 see also Heater Accelerator linkage see also Throttle cable Air-conditioning see also A/C see also Heater Air filter replacing 03-32 Airbag system (SRS) 69-8 components 69-8 contact spring 69-10 control unit 69-8, 69-9

B
Badges see also Emblems Back-up light switch manual transmission 34-8, 97-35 Battery 27-2, 97-2, 97-8 charging 27-7 disconnection notes 03-47 grounding points 27-4 jump starting 03-3 load voltage test 27-6 maintenance 03-3, 03-46, 27-6 open circuit-voltage test 27-5 service 03-46 static current draw test 27-7 testing 27-5 troubleshooting 27-3

2 Index
Bearing, wheel front 40-14 rear 42-12 Belt, drive 03-26, 13a-1 A/C compressor 03-26 alternator 03-28, 27-13 engine cooling fan 03-30 power steering 48-13 Blade, wiper 92-2 Blower see also A/C Body 02-12, 02-13, 02-14, 03-44 Cabriolet 002-13 Coupe 02-12 door check strap, lubricating 03-47 exterior 03-47 front lid safety hook, checking 03-48 maintenance 03-44 Targa 02-14 underbody, checking 03-40 Brake booster see Hydraulic brake booster see also Vacuum brake booster Brake fluid 03-22, 03-23, 47-3, 47-4 Brake light switch 45-3, 45-4, 45-5, 94-4 Brake master cylinder with hydraulic booster 47-12 with vacuum booster 47-10 Brake pads checking 03-39 removing and installing 46-2 Brake rotor checking 03-39 removing and installing 46-4 Brakes 02-11 applications 02-11 bleeding with hydraulic booster 47-4 with vacuum booster 47-8 booster 47-4, 47-6, 47-13, 47-14 caliper 47-18 hydraulic brake booster circuit, depressurizing 47-6 hydraulic brake pressure accumulator 47-16 fluid 03-22, 03-23, 47-3 master cylinder 47-10, 47-12 pads 03-39, 46-2 parking brake 03-49, 46-6, 46-7 rotor 03-39, 46-2, 46-4 system description 47-1 troubleshooting 47-2 see also Antilock brakes (ABS) Bulb applications exterior 94-2 interior 96-2 Bumper bumper construction 63-1 front bumper 63-2 front bumper components Carrera 2 63-2 Carrera 4 63-4 front bumper cover 63-6 front bumper removing and installing 63-8 front bumper cover removing and installing 63-6 rear bumper 63-9 rear bumper components 63-9 rear bumper cover 63-10 rear bumper removing and installing 63-13 rear bumper cover removing and installing 63-10 Caster 44-2 Catalytic converter 26-6 diagnostic monitor OBD-5 Cautions 00-2 Center brake light 94-11 Center console 70-1 Center driveshaft 39-8 Central locking 96-8 switch 96-10 Charging system 27-10 alternator and regulator, checking 27-13 testing 27-13 troubleshooting 27-11 voltage regulator 27-18 Check strap lubricating 03-47 Check Engine Light see MIL (malfunction indication light) Climate control see also A/C see also Heater Clock 90-4 setting 90-4 Clutch 30-1 assembly 30-2, 30-8 bleeding 30-8 checking 03-47 double-mass flywheel 30-1 fluid 30-7 hydraulic system 30-7 master cylinder 30-10, 30-11 mechanical 30-2 operation 30-3 pedal assembly 30-8 replacing 30-3 slave cylinder 30-9 throw-out bearing 30-3, 30-6 troubleshooting 30-2 Clutch master cylinder 30-10, 30-11

C
Cabin micro filter replacing 03-44 Caliper, brake 47-18 Camber 44-2 Camshaft adjusting timing 10b-22, 15b-10 installing 10b-21, 15b-8 removing 10b-5, 15b-1 Camshaft chain 15-10 Camshaft timing chain see Camshaft chain Capacities, fluid A/C system 87-4 automatic transmission 37-7 front differential 39-2 manual transmission 03-24, 34-6 oil 03-17, 17-1 rear differential 39-13 windshield washer 03-25 Carbon canister, activated 24-2, 24-5

Index3
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement and general alertness are crucial to safe and successful service work. Before attempting any work on your Porsche, be sure to read 00 Warnings and Cautions and the copyright page at the front of the manual. Review these warnings and cautions each time you prepare to work on your car. Please also read any warnings and cautions that accompany the procedures in the manual. Center console removing and installing 70-1 Central electric panel 97-8, 97-9, 97-10, 97-11 Crankcase assembling 10b-12 disassembling 10b-8 Crankshaft assembling 10b-11 assembly 13a-6 disassembling 10b-9 specifications 13a-7 Crankshaft pulley 13a-1 removing and installing 13a-2 Crankshaft pulley seal removing and installing 13a-3 Crankshaft sensor see Engine speed sensor Cruise control switch 48-3 CV joint 03-41, 40-17, 42-15 Cylinders installing 10b-18 removing 10b-7 Cylinder head 15a-2 camshaft chains 10b-5, 10b-22, 15b-5, 15b-6, 15b-9, 15b-10 components 15a-2 installing 10b-19 removing 10b-6 service, 15a-2 timing, adjusting 15b-10 valve guide checking 15a-3 replacing 15a-5 valve seat, replacing 15a-5 Cylinder head cover 10b-5 Cylinder head temperature sensor testing 24-15 Diagnosis system 03-16, OBD-1 reading fault memory 03-16 Diagnostic monitors OBD-4 Diagnostic trouble code (DTC) 03-17, OBD-7 Differential see Front differential see also Rear differential Distributor see Ignition distributor DME (digital motor electronics) 02-6, 24-2, 24-3, 24-4, 24-5, 24-10, 24-11, 24-12, 24-13 applications 02-6, 24-2, 24-3 basic engine settings 24-5 crankshaft sensor see Engine speed sensor cylinder head temperature sensor 24-15 DME engine control module (ECM) 24-10, 24-11 accessing for tests 24-11 electrical connector (Bosch M 2.10) 24-12 electrical connector (Bosch M 5.2) 24-11 DME main / fuel pump relay 24-14, 24-20 DME M 2.10 55 pin diagnosis OBD-24 pinout OBD-22 DME system components Bosch M 2.10 24-4 Bosch M 5.2 24-5 emission controls 24-3 engine control module (ECM) 24-10, 24-11, 24-12, 24-13 replacing 24-22 engine managment overview 24-2 engine speed sensor 24-18 fuel injectors 24-25 ignition system 28-1 intake air housing 24-22 intake air temperature sensor 24-16 intake manifold 24-31 mass air flow sensor 24-23 MIL 03-17, OBD-3 oxygen sensor 24-18, 24-19, 24-20, 26-8 secondary air injection 24-6, 24-41, 24-42 secondary air pump 24-41 secondary air check valve 24-42 system overview 02-6, 24-2 throttle housing 24-38

Clutch slave cylinder 30-9 Coil 28-11 Coil spring see also Front suspension see also Rear suspension Component locations 97-4, 97-10 Compressor 87-5 Condenser 87-7 Condenser fan 87-9 Constant velocity (CV) joint 03-41, 40-17, 42-15 Control arm see also Front suspension see also Rear suspension Convertible top 02-13, 61-1, 61-2 components 61-2, 61-5, 61-6, 61-7, 61-8 convertible soft top 61-2 convertible top frame 61-2 drive cable, replacing 61-12 emergency closing 61-3 motor, removing and installing 61-9 service 61-9 transmission, removing and installing 61-10 troubleshooting 61-3 Camshafts adjusting timing 10b-22 installing 10b-21 removing 10b-5

D
Dashboard dashboard cover, removing and installing 70-5 Deck lid see Trunk lid

4 Index
DME (digital motor electronics) (continued) throttle position sensor 24-17 see also Fuel injection see also Fuel injector see also Fuel pressure see also Fuel pump see also Ignition system DME main / fuel pump relay 24-14 replacing 24-20 testing 20-13 Dome light see Interior light Door 57-1 adjusting 57-2 central locking switch 57-5 check strap, lubricating 03-49 handle 57-4 lock 57-4, 57-5 lock cylinder 57-5 removing and installing 57-1 striker 57-4 trim panel 57-3 window see Door window Door glass see Door window Door hinge lubricating 03-47 Door lock 57-5 Door window adjusting 64-5 motor 64-1 regulator 64-1 replacing glass 64-4 Double-mass flywheel 30-1 Drive axle see also Front drive axle see also Rear drive axle Drive belt 03-26, 13a-1 A/C compressor 03-26 alternator 03-28, 27-13 engine cooling fan 03-30 power steering 48-13 Drive cycle OBD-6 Driveshaft see Center driveshaft DTC (diagnostic trouble code) see Diagnostic trouble code (DTC) troubleshooting 97-38 continuity, checking 97-40 measuring voltage 97-39 short circuits, testing 97-40 testing with ohmmeter 97-41 testing with voltmeter 97-41 voltage and voltage drop 97-38 voltage drop, testing 97-39 using wiring diagrams EWD-3 vehicle power supply 97-8 wiring color codes EWD-3 wiring diagram conventions EWD-4 X-connectors EWD-8 Electrical wiring diagrams EWD-10 Electronic immobilizer 96-8, 96-12 Emblems 66-4 Emergencies 03-2 flat tire 03-4 indicator and warning lights 03-2 jump starting 03-3 towing 03-5 Emergency brake see Parking brake Emergency flasher 94-4 Engine 02-3 air filter 03-31 applications 02-3, 1-2 assembling 10b-10 components 02-4 camshaft cases installing 10b-21 removing 10b-6 camshaft sprocket 10b-21 camshafts adjusting timing 10b-22, 15b-10 installing 10b-21, 15b-8 removing 10b-5, 15b-1 crankcase assembling 10b-12 disassembling 10b-8 crankshaft assembling 10b-11 assembly 13a-6 disassembling 10b-9 specifications 13a-7 crankshaft pulley 13a-1 removing and installing 13a-2 crankshaft seal pulley seal 13a-3 rear main seal 13a-4

E
ECM see DME (digital motor electronics) Electrical components 97-4, 97-29 Electric cooling fan see Oil cooling fan Electrical switches see Switches Electrical system 97-1 abbreviations and acronyms EWD-6 battery disconnection notes 03-48 central electric panel 97-8, 97-9, 97-10, 97-11 circuit and terminal descriptions EWD-5 component location table 97-4 component photos central electric panel 97-10 components underneath vehicle 97-16 diagnostic connection 97-19 engine compartment components 97-18, 97-19 engine compartment relay panel 97-12 ground points 97-20 trunk components 97-14, 97-15 trunk relay panel 97-13 electrical wiring diagrams EWD-10 engine 27-1 fuses central electric panel 97-9 engine compartment relay panel 97-10 trunk 97-10 ground applications 1995 (early) 97-23 1995 (late) 97-26 1996 97-30 1997-1998 97-34 ground points 1995 97-21 1996-1998 97-22 photos 97-20 relays central electric panel 97-11 engine compartment 97-12 trunk 97-13 terminal designations EWD-5

Index5
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement and general alertness are crucial to safe and successful service work. Before attempting any work on your Porsche, be sure to read 00 Warnings and Cautions and the copyright page at the front of the manual. Review these warnings and cautions each time you prepare to work on your car. Please also read any warnings and cautions that accompany the procedures in the manual. pistons checking wear 13b-4 components 13b-2 installing 10b-18 removing 10b-7 rings 13b-5 servicing 13b-5 weight 13b-4 pulley system 13a-1 removing 10a-2 rocker shaft and arm 10b-23, 15b-12 separating from engine automatic transmission 10a-20 manual transmission 10a-18 spark plugs 03-33 specifications 1-2 speed sensor 28-12 timing chains installing 10b-21 parallelism 10b-22 removing 10b-2 valve covers 15b-14 valve guide checking 15a-3 replacing 15a-4 valve seat, replacing 15a-5 valves 15a-6 spring height, setting 15a-7 stem seals, replacing 15a-7 see also DME (digital motor electronics) see also Engine control module (ECM) see also Exhaust system see also Ignition system see also Lubrication system Engine compartment blower see Rear blower motor Engine compartment relay panel see Relay panel Engine control module (ECM) see DME (digital motor electronics) Engine cooling fan 03-26, 03-30 Engine hood 55-6 aligning 55-8 components 55-6 hood release cable, replacing 55-10 removing and installing 55-7 strut 55-7 Engine identification 1-2 Engine management see DME (digital motor electronics) Engine oil cooler 17-11 Evaporative control system diagnostic monitor OBD-5 Evaporator 87-12 Exhaust manifold 26-2, 26-7 Exhaust system 03-40, 26-1, 26-2, 26-3 catalytic converter 26-6 checking 03-40 components 26-2, 26-3 heat exchange components 26-10 heater control components 26-4 manifold 26-2, 26-7 muffler 26-3, 26-5 oxygen sensor 26-8 Expansion valve 87-12 Exterior lights see Lights

Engine (continued) cylinder heads installing 10b-19 removing 10b-6 service 15a-2 cylinders installing 10b-18 removing 10b-7 disassembling 10b-2 displacement 02-3 drive belt 03-26, 03-28, 03-30, 13a-1, 27-13, 48-13 grounds 1995 97-11 1996-1998 97-12 hydraulic lifter measuring 15b-13 replacing 15b-12 identification 1-2 installing 10a-17 lubrication system, flushing 17-7 lubrication warning system 17-5 management see DME (digital motor electronics) mount 10a-16 oil 03-17, 03-18 oil cooler 17-12 oil cooler thermostat 17-10 oil cooling fan 17-13 oil cooling fan ballast resistor 17-14 oil level sensor 17-6 oil pressure sensor, replacing 17-7 oil pressure, checking 17-4 oil pressure relief valve 17-10 oil pressure warning light 17-5, 90-3 oil pump 10b-9, 17-1, 17-4 oil return tube 17-16 oil tank, removing and installing 17-8 oil temperature sensor, replacing 17-7 on-board diagnostics OBD-1 overview 1-1 peripherals installing 10b-23 removing 10b-2

F
Fan A/C blower 87-4 engine compartment blower see Rear blower motor engine cooling fan 03-26, 03-30 Fasteners 03-9 Fault code see Diagnostic trouble code (DTC) Fault memory 03-16 Fender 50-1, 50-3 Filters air 03-31 cabin micro filter 03-44 fuel 03-32 oil 03-18 Firing order 28-3 Floor jack 03-7 Fluids and lubricants 03-17 see also Capacities, fluid

6 Index
Fluid lines fluid lines and hoses, checking 03-40 Flywheel, dual-mass see Double-mass flywheel Foglight 94-8 Front differential 39-2 center driveshaft 39-3 components 39-2 fluid 03-25 fluid level, checking 39-2 fluid, replacing 39-3 front drive axle flange seal 39-4 removing and installing 39-5 viscous coupler 39-10 Front drive axle removing and installing 40-16 Front lid see Trunk lid Front oil seal see Crankshaft pulley seal Front suspension 02-9, 03-42, 40-1, 40-5 checking 03-41 components 40-2 control arm 40-5 control arm ball joint 40-6 drive axle (Carrera 4) 40-16 overview 40-3 ride height 44-3 strut assembly 40-8 strut, removing and installing 40-9 stabilizer bar 40-7 tightening torques 03-42 wheel bearing installing 40-16 removing 40-14 wheel carrier assembly 40-11 wheel carrier, removing and installing 40-11 Fuel delvery tests 20-8 fuel delivery volume, testing 20-10 see also Fuel pump see also Fuel system see also Fuel tank Fuel filter 03-32 see also Fuel pump see also Fuel system see also Fuel tank Fuel gauge 90-3 fuel level light 90-3 see also Fuel system see also Fuel tank Fuel injection 24-1, 24-8, 24-20 cylinder head temperature sensor 24-15, 24-23 fuel pressure regulator 24-29 idle speed control valve 24-24 intake air housing 24-22 intake air temperature sensor 24-16 intake manifold 24-22 mass air flow sensor 24-23 oxygen sensor oxygen sensor system 24-18 heater circuit, testing 24-20 signal, testing 24-19 secondary air injection check valve 24-42 pump 24-41 throttle housing 24-38 vario-ram actuator 24-40 see also DME (digital motor electronics) see also Fuel injector Fuel injector 24-9, 24-25 relay 24-14, 24-20 replacing 24-25 resistance specification 24-9 testing 24-9 Fuel level sender 20-6, 20-7 see also Fuel pump Fuel pressure operating fuel pump for tests 20-11 regulator 20-8, 20-9 relieving pressure 20-8 specifications 20-10 testing 20-8, 20-9 see also Fuel pump see also Fuel system Fuel pump 20-11, 20-19 checking current draw 20-17 check valve, replacing 20-21 checking voltage 20-16 operating fuel pump for tests 20-11 relay see DME main / fuel pump relay replacing 20-19 troubleshooting 20-11 see also Fuel system Fuel pump relay see DME main / fuel pump relay Fuel sending unit 20-6 replacing 20-7 Fuel system 20-3 checking pressure 20-8, 20-9 checking volume 20-10 diagnostic monitor OBD-5 fuel delivery tests 20-10 fuel pump delivery volume 20-10 sending unit 20-8, 20-7 Fuel tank 20-3 draining 20-3 filler flap 50-3 fuel level sending unit 20-6, 20-7 removing and installing 20-4 see also Fuel pump see also Fuel system Fuse panel see Central electric panel Fuses 97-8, 97-9, 97-10

G
Gearshift knob automatic transmission 37-12 manual transmission 34-2 Generator see Alternator (generator) see also Charging system Glove compartment removing and installing 70-10 Grounds 97-21, 97-22, 97-23 97-26, 97-30, 97-34

H
Hand brake see Parking brake Handle, door 57-4 Hazard warning switch 94-4 Headlight 03-50, 94-1, 94-5 adjusting aim 94-5 bulb applications 94-2 bulb, replacing 94-7 controls 94-3

Index7
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement and general alertness are crucial to safe and successful service work. Before attempting any work on your Porsche, be sure to read 00 Warnings and Cautions and the copyright page at the front of the manual. Review these warnings and cautions each time you prepare to work on your car. Please also read any warnings and cautions that accompany the procedures in the manual.

I
Ignition coils 28-11, 97-37 Ignition distributor 28-10, 97-12 cap 28-10 ignition rotor 28-10 Ignition final stage 28-15 Ignition switch cylinder 48-14 Ignition switching unit 28-15 Ignition electrical switch 48-14 Ignition system 28-1 checking for spark 28-7 coil 28-11 components 28-1, 28-10 crankshaft sensor see Engine speed sensor disabling 28-4 distributor 28-13 distributor cap 28-10 electrical switch 48-14 final stage 28-15 firing order 28-3 ignition coils 28-11 ignition rotor 28-10 ignition system quick check 28-7 ignition system visual inspection 28-8 ignition timing 28-4 knock sensor 28-2, 28-14 maintenance 28-3 relay 24-18 spark plugs 03-34 spark plug wires 28-11 switching unit 28-15 troubleshooting 28-6, 28-7, 28-8 see also spark plugs Immobilizer, electronic 96-8, 96-12 Indicator lights 03-2 Injector see Fuel injector Instruments 90-2, 90-3, 90-4 layout 90-2 removing and installing 90-5 repairs 90-9 replacing bulbs 90-5

warning lights 90-2, 90-3, 90-4 Intake air housing removing and installing 24-22 Intake air temperature (IAT) sensor testing 24-16 Intake manifold removing and installing 24-31 Interior airbags, inspecting 03-45 ash tray 70-7 center console 70-1 dashboard cover 70-5 front seat 72-2 glove compartmenr 70-10 interior lights, checking 03-50 knee bar 70-8 rear seat 72-4 rear side panel 70-11 seat belt frame cover 72-4 seat belts, checking 03-51 sun visor 70-12 see also Interior light see also Trim, Interior Interior light 96-4 checking 03-50 see also Lights Intermittent wiper switch 92-4

Headlight (continued) exterior lights, checking 03-50 headlight design 94-1 light switch 94-3 Litronic system 94-1 replacing bulb 94-13 removing and installing 94-6 switch 94-3 troubleshooting 94-2 Heat exchange components replacing 26-10 Heater A/C and heater unit 80-10, 87-2 climate control panel 80-3, 87-1 components 80-2 flap and ducts 80-9 heat exchanger 80-2 rear blower motor ballast resistor 80-3 removing and installing 80-5 see also A/C see also Cooling system Hood front lid safety hook, checking 03-48 see also Engine hood see also Trunk lid Horn 90-6 alarm horn 96-5 Hoses fluid lines and hoses, checking 03-40 Hydraulic brake booster removing and installing 47-14 Hydraulic lifter measuring 15b-13 replacing 15b-12 rocker arm, removing 15b-12

J
Jacking 03-7 Jump starting 03-3

K
Key 96-6 programming remote key 96-7 transmitter battery, replacing 96-7 Keyless entry 96-8 Knock sensor 28-2 removing and installing 28-14 see also Ignition system Knee bar removing and installing 70-8

8 Index
L
Level sender, fuel 20-6 License plate light 94-11 Light switch 94-3 Lifter see Hydraulic lifter Lights bulb applications exterior 94-2 interior 96-2 brake light switch 94-4 center brake light 94-10 checking 03-48 controls 94-3 engine compartment light 96-3 exterior lights, checking 03-48 front foglight 94-8 front turn signal 94-8 fuses 94-6 glove compartment light 96-4 hazard warning light switch 94-4 headlight adjusting aim 94-5 removing and installing 94-6 replacing bulb 94-7 interior light bulb 96-4 interior lights, checking 03-49 license plate light 94-11 light switch 94-3 repairs front 94-5 rear 94-10 taillights 94-10 trunk light 96-2 see also Headlight see also Litronic Litronic 94-1 see also Headlight Locks central locking 96-8 central locking switch 57-5, 96-10 checking 03-48 door lock 57-5 door lock cylinder 57-4 door lock emergency operation 96-9 front lid safety hook, checking 03-48 keyless entry 96-8 Lubrication system 17-1 oil 03-17, 03-18 oil cooler 17-12 oil cooler fan 17-13 oil filter 03-18 oil level checking 03-17 display 90-3 sensor 17-6 oil pressure display 90-3 oil pressure relief valve 17-7 oil pressure warning light 17-5, 90-3 oil pump 10b-9, 17-1, 17-4, 17-7 oil service 03-18, 17-1 oil temperature display 90-3 Luggage compartment lid see Trunk lid tables 03-13 test drive 03-50 tires 03-50 under car maintenance 03-33 wipers and washers 03-25 Malfunction indication light see MIL (malfunction indication light) Manifold, exhaust 26-7 Manual transmission applications 02-7, 34-1 back-up light switch 34-8 fluid 03-24, 34-6 gear ratios 34-2 input shaft seal 34-7 installing 10a-17 overview 34-1 pilot bearing 30-5 removing 10a-2, 34-3 separating from engine 10a-18 shift knob 34-2 shift lever 34-4 shift linkage 34-3 transmission mount 34-5 Mass air flow (MAF) sensor 24-23 Master cylinder brake 47-10, 47-12 clutch 30-10, 34-11 Microfilter see Cabin micro filter MIL (malfunction indication light) OBD-3 Mirror, outside rear view 66-1 checking heater 66-3 components 66-2 replacing glass 66-1 Misfire diagnostic monitor OBD-5 Model year news 02-15 MRS (multiple restraint system) see Airbag system (SRS) Muffler 26-5

M
Maintenance 03-1, 03-13, 03-17, 03-26, 03-33, 03-44 airbags, inspecting 03-44 alignment 44-2 automatic transmission fluid 03-24, 37-4, 37-5 battery 03-3, 03-46, 03-47 body exterior 03-47 brake fluid 03-22, 03-23, 47-3 brake pads / rotors 03-39, 46-2, 46-4 clutch, checking 03-47 CV joint boot, inspecting 03-41 differential oil 03-25 door check straps, hinges, lubricating 03-47 drive belt 03-26, 03-28, 03-30, 13a-1, 27-13, 48-13 exhaust system, checking 03-40 exterior lights, checking 03-48 filters air 03-31 cabin micro filter 03-44 fuel 03-32 oil 03-18 fluids and lubricants 03-17 see also Capacities, fluid front differential 03-25, 39-2, 39-3 front lid safety hook, checking 03-48 headlights, adjusting 03-49 interior lights, checking 03-49 manual transmission oil 03-24 oil 03-17, 03-18 parking brake 03-49, 46-6 power steering fluid 03-23 rear differential 03-25, 39-6, 39-12 seat belts, checking 03-49 spark plugs 03-33 suspension and steering components, checking 03-41, 03-42, 03-43

N
Neutral safety switch see Automatic transmission, gear position switch

Index9
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement and general alertness are crucial to safe and successful service work. Before attempting any work on your Porsche, be sure to read 00 Warnings and Cautions and the copyright page at the front of the manual. Review these warnings and cautions each time you prepare to work on your car. Please also read any warnings and cautions that accompany the procedures in the manual. warning light 17-5, 90-3 Oil pumps 10b-9, 17-1, 17-4, 17-7 Oil return tube 17-16 Oil service 03-17, 17-1 Oil tank 17-8 Oil temperature gauge 90-3 sensor 17-8 On-board computer 90-4 On-board diagnostics (OBD II) see OBD (on-board diagnostics) Option codes 02-20 Outside door handle 57-4 Oxygen sensor 24-18, 24-19, 24-20, 26-3, 26-8 diagnostic monitor OBD-5 testing heater circuit 24-20 testing signal 24-19 removing 10b-7 rings 13b-5 servicing 13b-5 weight 13b-4 Pollen microfilter see Cabin micro filter Power mirror 66-1 Power steering see Steering Power window see Door window Pulley system 13a-1

O
OBD (on-board diagnostics) 03-16, OBD-1 diagnostic monitors OBD-4 diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) OBD-7 DME M 2.10 55 pin diagnosis OBD-22, OBD-24 pinout OBD-22 drive cycle OBD-5 freeze frame data OBD-4 malfunction indicator light (MIL) OBD-3 readiness codes OBD-6 scan tool OBD-4 transmission control unit (1995) diagnosis OBD-38 pinout OBD-37 transmission control unit (from 1996) diagnosis OBD-50 pinout OBD-49 Odometer 90-4 Oil cooler 17-12 Oil cooler fan 17-13 Oil cooler thermostat 17-10 Oil cooling fan 17-13 Oil level checking 03-17 gauge 90-3 sensor 17-6 Oil pressure gauge 90-3 relief valve 17-7 sensor 17-7

R
Radio removing and installing 91-1 Radio security code 91-2 Raising car safely 03-7 Readiness codes OBD-6 Rear blower motor 80-3 Rear differential 39-11 components 39-11 fluid 03-25, 39-12 fluid level, checking 39-12 fluid, replacing 39-12 rear drive axle flange seal automatic, driver side 39-15 automatic, passenger side 39-13 manual 39-16 Rear drive axle removing and installing 42-14 Rear main seal 13a-4 Rear side panel removing and installing 70-11 Rear spoiler components 55-12 manual spoiler control 55-11 Rear suspension 42-2 checking 03-43 components 42-2

P
P-codes OBD-7, OBD-8 Pads, brake 03-39, 46-2 Parking brake 46-6 adjusting 03-49, 46-6 shoes, replacing 46-7 switch 45-3, 45-4 Parking light bulb front 94-8 Parts 03-10, 03-11 Passenger compartment monitor 96-11 Pilot bearing 30-5 Pistons checking wear 13b-4 components 13b-2 installing 10b-18

10 Index
Rear suspension (continued) drive axle 42-14 lower control arm (A-arm) 42-8 multi-link axle assembly (LSA system) 42-6 overview 42-3 ride height 44-3 strut assembly 42-4 strut, removing and installing 42-4 stabilizer bar 42-3 tightening torques 03-43 toe control arm 42-7 upper control arm 42-6 wheel bearing 42-12 wheel carrier 42-9 Rear window 02-14 Receiver-drier 87-4, 87-11 Recirculation switch 87-1 Refrigerant 87-4 Relay panel engine compartment relay panel 97-12 trunk relay panel 97-13 see also Central electric panel Relays 97-11, 97-12, 97-13 Release bearing 30-3 Remote key see Key Reversing light switch see Back-up light switch Ride height 44-3 Rocker cover 66-5 Rotor, brake checking 03-39 removing and installing 46-4 Seal, crankshaft pulley removing and installing 13-3 Seal, rear main removing and installing 13a-4 Seats front 72-2 drive cable, replacing 72-9 moving manually 72-7 general 72-1 rear (Cabriolet) 72-4 rear (Coupe and Targa) 72-4 seat belt frame cover 72-5 Seat belt 02-18, 02-24 checking 03-49 front seat belt components 69-3 removing and installing 69-4, 69-5 rear seat belt components 69-6 removing and installing 69-6, 69-7 seat belt frame cover 72-5 Seat belt frame cover 72-5 Secondary air injection 24-3, 24-6, 24-41, 24-42 secondary air pump 24-41 secondary air valve 24-42 Service information 03-6, 03-11, 03-12, 03-13 non-reusable fasteners 03-9 parts 03-10, 03-11 Porsche service 03-12 raising vehicle with floor jack 03-7 safety 03-6 tightening fasteners 03-9 tools 03-12 underbody splash shields 03-8 working under car safely, 03-6 Shift knob automatic transmission 37-12 manual transmission 34-2 Slave cylinder 30-9 Sound system 91-1 Spark plug 03-33 Spark plug wires 28-11 Speed sensor, wheel 45-8 Speedometer 90-4 Splash shields see Underbody splash shields Spoiler, rear see Rear spoiler Spring, coil see Front suspension see Rear suspension SRS (supplemental restraint system) see Airbag system (SRS) Stabilizer bar see Front suspension see Rear suspension Starter 27-2, 27-8 removing / installing 27-9 troubleshooting 27-8 Steering bleeding 48-9 checking 03-41 column stalk switch 48-3 fluid 03-23, 48-8, 48-9 fluid lines 48-8 ignition electrical switch 48-14 ignition lock cylinder 48-14 power steering belt 48-13 power steering pump 48-10 power steering system 48-1 rack 48-16 steering wheel 48-2 tie rod 48-9 Steering wheel 48-2 Stop light switch see Brake light switch Strut front 40-8, 40-9 rear 42-4 Sunroof 60-2 cables 60-8 components 60-2 controls 60-3 emergency closing 60-4 guide rails 60-9 motor and drive unit 60-9 panel, adjusting height 60-5 panel, removing and installing 60-6 wind deflector 60-7 Sun visor removing and installing 70-12

S
Safety 03-6 working under car safely, 03-6 Scan tool OBD-4

Index11
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement and general alertness are crucial to safe and successful service work. Before attempting any work on your Porsche, be sure to read 00 Warnings and Cautions and the copyright page at the front of the manual. Review these warnings and cautions each time you prepare to work on your car. Please also read any warnings and cautions that accompany the procedures in the manual. overview 60-10 sun blind motor, basic adjustment 60-16 TC (traction control) see also Antilock brakes (ABS) Test drive 03-52 Thermostat see Oil cooler thermostat Throttle cable 10a-16 Throttle housing replacing 24-38 Suspension checking 03-41 tightening torques 03-42, 03-43 see also Front suspension see also Rear suspension see also Maintenance Sway bar see Stabilizer bar Switches back-up light manual transmission 34-8 brake light 45-3, 45-4, 45-5, 94-5 central locking 57-5, 96-10 cruise control 48-3 gear position switch automatic transmission 37-10 hazard warning 94-4 high beam 48-3 ignition cylinder 48-14 electrical switch 48-14 light 94-3 pedal cluster 30-6, 94-5 steering column stalk 48-3 turn signal 48-3 wiper / washer 92-4 Throw-out bearing see Release bearing Tie rod 48-9 Tightening fasteners 03-9 torques 03-10 Timing chain see Camshaft chain Tiptronic see Automatic transmission Tires 44-1 flat tire, changing 03-4 service 03-51 Toe 44-5 Tools 03-12 Torque converter removing and installing 32-1 seal 32-2 Towing 03-5 Traction control (TC) see Antilock brakes Transmission 02-7, 03-24, 34-1, 37-1 mount 10a-16, 34-5 see also Automatic transmission see also Manual transmission Transmission control unit see OBD (on-board diagnostics) Trim, interior ash tray 70-7 center console 70-1 dashboard cover 70-5 door panel 57-3 glove compartment 70-10 knee bar 70-8 side panel trim 70-11 Trunk lid aligning 55-4 components 55-2 removing and installing 55-3 safety hooks, checking 03-49 struts 55-3 trunk lid release, servicing 55-8 Trunk light bulb 96-2 Trunk relay panel see Relay panel Turn signal bulb front 94-8 rear 94-10 Turn signal switch 48-3

U
Under car maintenance 03-33, 03-40 Underbody checking 03-40 Underbody splash shields 03-8

V
Vacuum brake booster 47-13 Valve covers removing and installing 15b-14 Valvetrain 02-4, 15a-3, 15a-6 valve guide checking 15a-3 replacing 15a-4 valve seat, replacing 15a-5 valves 15a-6 spring height, setting 15a-7 stem seals, replacing 15a-7 Vario-ram Intake System 02-4, 02-6 actuator 24-40 Vehicle identification number (VIN) 01-1, 03-11

T
Tachometer 90-3 Taillights 94-10 exterior lights, checking 03-48 Targa top 02-14, 60-10 components 60-12, 60-13 controls 60-13 drive motor basic adjustment 60-16 emergency closing 60-14

12 Index
Vent flaps and motors 80-10, 87-2 Ventilation microfilter see Cabin micro filter Viscous coupler (C4) function test 39-10 Voltage tests 97-48, 97-39, 97-41 continuity 97-40 short circuits 97-40 testing with ohmmeter 97-41 testing with voltmeter 97-41 voltage 97-39 voltage and polarity 27-2 voltage drop 97-39 Wheels 44-1 Window see Door window Wiper 92-2 arm 92-3 assembly, removing and installing 92-6 blade cleaning problems 92-2 replacing 92-2 checking 03-26 components 92-5 fuse 92-4 fluid 03-25 intermittent wipe interval control 92-4 motor, removing and installing 92-6 rear wiper 82-10 relay 92-4 switch 92-4 see also Washer Wiring circuit and terminal descriptions EWD-5 diagrams EWD-10 Porsche abbreviations and acronyms EWD-6 option codes EWD-7 sample EWD-4 using wiring diagrams EWD-3 wiring color codes EWD-3 wiring diagram conventions EWD-4 wiring diagrams EWD-10 X-connectors EWD-8 Working under car safely 03-6

W
Warning lights 03-2, 19-8, 90-2, 90-3, 90-4 Warnings 00-1 Washer 92-11 headlight washer 92-11 fluid level sensor 92-11 pump 92-11 reservoir 92-11 see also Wiper Washing 03-47 Waxing 03-47 Wheel alignment 44-2 front 44-2 front ride height 44-3 rear 44-4 specifications 44-5 Wheel bearing front 40-14 rear 42-12 Wheel carrier front 40-11 rear 42-9 Wheel housing liner, front 50-2 Wheel speed sensor wheel speed sensors 45-8 Wheel, steering 48-2

X
X-connectors EWD-8

established 1950 Automotive Reference

F repa ull colo r ir pr oced ures

BentleyPublishers
.com

Porsche 911 (Type 993) Service Manual: 1995-1998


Carrera, Carrera S. Carrera 4, Carrera 4S
Bentley Stock No: P998 Publication Date: 2013-11-04 ISBN: 978-0-8376-1719-0 Hardcover, 8 3/8 in. x 11in. Case quantity: 1 946 pages 1,523 full color photos and illustrations

The Porsche 911 Carrera (Type 993) Service Manual: 1995-1998 is a comprehensive source of service information and specifications for Porsche 911 (Type 993) Coupe, Cabriolet and Targa models from 1995 to 1998. The aim throughout this manual has been simplicity and clarity, with practical explanations, step-by-step procedures and useful specifications. Whether youre a professional technician or a do-ityourself Porsche owner, this manual will help you understand, care for and repair your Porsche.

Convertible top drive diagnosis and repair, including microswitch location and function.
61 Convertible Top

Technical highlights
Full-color repair manual pages (black and white electrical section). In-depth maintenance instructions for everything from changing the engine oil (and both oil filters) and Tiptronic transmission fluid to replacing the cabin microfilter. This manual tells you how and when to do it. Type 993 enthusiast guide with year-to-year model specifics, and a comprehensive listing of Porsche option codes. Step-by-step engine / transmission assembly removal and installation. Illustrated engine teardown and rebuild, with camshaft and timing chain replacement, detailing wear limits and nominal values. Fuel injection and ignition system service and component testing of different Bosch DME engine management systems, including the secondary air injection (SAI) system. Clutch, flywheel and rear main seal service. Front and rear drivetrain service, including front (C4) and rear differential service. Brakes, steering, suspension and ABS maintenance, troubleshooting and repair for both vacuum boost (C2) and hydraulic-boost (C4) brake systems. Heating and air-conditioning repair, including A/C component replacement. Body adjustments and repairs, including convertible top, sunroof and targa top service and adjustment. Electrical system service, with an easy-to-use illustrated component location section. Wiring schematics for selected models, with DME systems, power distribution, grounds, convertible top and other hard-to-find circuits.

Full maintenance procedures, including drive belt replacement.


03 Service and Maintenance

Fuel pump testing and replacement.


20 Fuel Supply

Engines covered:
1995: 3.6 liter (M64.07 and M64.08) 1996-1998: 3.6 liter (OBD II M64.23 and M64.24)

Transmissions covered:
G50 (6-speed manual, RWD) G64 (6-speed manual, AWD) A50 (4-speed automatic)

Bentley Publishers, 1734 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-1804 USA Tel: 617-547-4170 Toll Free: 800-423-4595 Fax: 617-876-9235 http://www.bentleypublishers.com/contact-us
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