INTERPRETATIONS NO. 25 Replies to Technical Inquiries January 1, 1994, Through June 30, 1994 It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.1 as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in chronological order. Each interpretation applies either to the latest Edition or Addenda at the time of issuance of the interpretation or the Edition or Addenda stated in the reply. Subsequent revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These interpretations are not a part of the Code or the Addenda. These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented. In the case where an interpretation is corrected by Errata, the original interpretation number with the suffix E is used. ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not "approve," "certify," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity. The interpretations will be issued twice a year up to the publication of the 1995 Edition. Interpretations Nos. 2 through 7 were included with the update service to the 1983 Edition and Interpretations Nos. 8 through 13 were included with the update service to the 1986 Edition. Interpretations Nos. 14 through 19 were included with the update service to the 1989 Edition. Interpretations Nos. 20 through 25 will be included with the update service to the 1992 Edition. Interpretation Subject 25-13 100.1.3(C), Design Pressure ......................................................... 101.5,DynamicEffects ............................................................. 102.2.4, Variation from Normal Operation ............................................ 104.1.2(A.1), Minimum Wall Thickness of Pipe ........................................ 104.3.1.Branch Connections ........................................................ 104.8, Analysis of Piping Components ................................................ 107. Valves for Vacuum Service ..................................................... 118. Sleeve Coupled and Proprieta~y Joints ........................................... 122. Design of Specific Piping Systems ............................................... 122. Installation of Safety Valves .................................................... 122.1.1(A), Pressure Design for BEP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122.6.2(D), Pressure Relief Devices .................................................. 122.7.3(B), Piping for Flammable Liquids ............................................. 127.4.2, Circumferential Weld Surface Contours ....................................... 127.4.2(D). ....................................................................... 135. Pipe Assembly Tolerances ...................................................... 136.4.2, Visual Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136.4.2, Visual Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137.3.2, Testing of Nonboiler External Piping ......................................... 137.3.2 and 137.7.1, Hydrostatic Test ................................................. Appendix D. Welding Tee per B16.9 ................................................. Fig. 127.4.4(C). Minimum Welding Dimensions ........................................ Table 132. Postweld Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 136.4, Nondestructive Examination Requirements ................................ File No . B31-92-067 B31-93-13 B31-92-068 B31-94-11 B31-92-071 B31-93-040 B31-94-08 B31-94-10 B31-94-07 B31-93-037 B31-93-18 B31-93-11 B31-92-036 B31-90-035 B31-93-48 B31-94-021 B31-93-023 B31-93-047 B31-93-038 B31-93-043 B31-93-14 B31-94-023 B31-94-027 B31-94-024 B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-1 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 127.4.2, Circumferential Weld Surface Contours March 15, 1994 B31-90-035 Question (1): When not specified by the designer, is it permissible to fabricate a weld which partially fills the groove between pipe, between fittings, or between pipe and a fitting so long as the minimum wall thickness requirement of Para. 104.1.2 is met and a transition between the weld surface and the pipe or fitting surface is provided in accordance with Para. 127.4.2(C)? Reply (1): No. Question (2): When specified by the designer, is it permissible to fabricate a weld which partially fills the groove between pipe, between fittings, or between pipe and a fitting so long as the minimum wall thickness requirement of Para. 104.1.2 is met and a transition between the weld surface and the pipe or fitting surface is provided in accordance with Para. 127.4.2(C)? Reply (2): Yes. Interpretation: 25-2 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 102.2.4, Variation from Normal Operation March 15, 1994 B31-92-068 Question: When considering variations from normal thermal operating cycles, can the right side term of Eq. (13A), Para. 104.8.3, be multiplied by the 1.15 or 1.20 values contained in Para. 102.2.4? Reply: No. The increases in allowable stresses for pressure design permitted by Para. 102.3.2(A) and for occasional loads permitted by Para. 102.3.3(A), are not permitted in the evaluation of cyclic stress ranges. Paragraph 102.2.4 provides limitations for pressure stress magnitudes, whereas the right hand side of Eq. (13) is a limitation for cyclic thermal expansion stress ranges. Interpretation: 25-3 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 104.3.1, Branch Connections March 15, 1994 B31-92-071 Question: In accordance with Para. 104.3.1(C.l), does a tee manufactured to ANSI B16.9 meet the pressure requirements of ASME B31.1, as far as reinforcement in the crotch is concerned? Reply: Yes. However, further consideration may be necessary for other loadings. B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-4 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 122.6.2(D), Pressure Relief Devices March 15, 1994 B31-93-11 Question: Does Para. 122.6.2(D) of ASME B31.1 require that discharge lines from pressure relieving safety devices be designed to facilitate drainage of any expected accumulation? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: 25-5 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 101.5, Dynamic Effects March 15, 1994 B31-93-13 Question: Is it the intent of ASME B31.1, Para. 101.5, that dynamic effects of earthquake, impact, wind, and vibration must be considered by the piping designer, even if not specified by the owner? Reply: Yes. Consideration may or may not involve analysis. Interpretation: 25-6 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 122.1.1(A), Pressure Design for BEP March 15, 1994 B31-93-18 Question: This Inquiry relates to Boiler External Piping, as defined in Para. 100.1.2(A) of ASME B31.1, for steam service. The set pressure of the boiler safety valve is less than the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler. Is it permissible to use the set pressure of the boiler safety valve as the internal design pressure for the steam piping? Reply: Yes, provided that all applicable requirements of Paras. 122.1.1(A) and 122.1.2 of ASME B31.1 are met and the internal design pressure for the steam piping is not less than 100 psig. B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-7 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 136.4.2, Visual Inspection March 15, 1994 B31-93-023 Question (1): May the required visual examination of the completed weld occur after the pressure test required by Para. 137? Reply (1): The ASME B31.1 Code does not specify when the required examination of the completed welds should be performed. Question (2): Is it a requirement of the ASME B31.1 Code that the fabrication sequence shall be arranged so as to provide for making the maximum number of joint inside surfaces "readily accessible" for examination for incomplete penetration? Reply (2): No. Question (3): Paragraph 136.4.2 of the ASME B31.1 Code references "portions of a component." What is the definition of a component? Reply (3): Component is defined in Para. 100.2. Question (4): Is it required that the required visual examination occur "before, during, or after the manufacture, fabrication, assembly, or test" as stated in the ASME B31.1 Code, Para. 136.4.2? Reply (4): No. Visual examinations may occur whenever the examiner wishes to be present. However, it is required that the completed weld receive a visual examination that verifies that the completed weld meets the acceptance criteria of Para. 136.4.2. Question (5): What inspections are required by the ASME B31.1 Code? Reply (5): The inspections required are those that the Owner's inspector (as defined in Para. 136.1) or the Authorized Inspector (as required when the system is Boiler External Piping) has determined to be needed in order to assure the piping has been constructed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the ASME B31.1 Code. Interpretation: 25-8 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 122, Installation of Safety Valves March 15, 1994 B31-93-037 Question: Does ASME B31.1 require that valves, addressed within the scope of Para. 122, be installed with the valve stem either at or above the horizontal plane to prevent entrapment of liquids within the valve bonnet? Reply: No. The inquirer is referred to Para. 107.1(C). 25-9,25-10,25-11 Interpretation: 25-9 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, Para. 137.3.2, Testing of Nonboiler External Piping March 15, 1994 B31-93-038 B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Question (1): For piping used with a hot water boiler designed for 150 psig and 210°F, are the test requirements of Para. 137.3.2 applicable? Reply (1): Yes. Question (2): For the above referenced piping, are full penetration welds required? Reply (2): Yes, except for welds designed in accordance with Para. 104.3.1(C.2) and fabricated in accordance with Para. 127.4.8(F). Interpretation: 25-10 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 136.4.2, Visual Inspection March 15, 1994 B31-93-047 Question: Does ASME B31.1 set an acceptable limit for acceptance of surface porosity found by visual examination? Reply: No. Interpretation: 25-1 1 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1-1967, 127.4.2(D) March 15, 1994 B31-93-48 Question: Does the reinforcement requirements detailed in USAS B31.1-1967 Edition, Para. 127.4.2(D), apply to the root reinforcement of single V butt weld pipe joints? Reply: No. B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-12 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 137.3.2 and 137.7.1, Hydrostatic Test April 22, 1994 B31-93-043 Question (1): Does ASME B31.1 define the term "not practical" in Para. 137.7.1? Reply (1): No. It is the responsibility of the owner to determine which test shall be done on NBEP. See Para. 137.3.2 Question (2): Does ASME B31.1 exempt piping, valves, and fittings NPS 1 inch and less from hydrostatic test requirements? Reply (2): No. Interpretation: 25-13 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 100.1.3(C), Design Pressure April 29, 1994 B31-92-067 Question: What rules of ASME B31.1 apply to the design pressure of piping downstream of a pressure reducing valve? Reply: The design pressure of piping downstream of a pressure reducing valve shall be determined in accordance with the rules of Para. 101.2.2. Where the design pressure is less than that of the piping upstream of the pressure reducing valve, the requirements of Para. 122.5 shall be met. Interpretation: 25-14 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 122.7.3(B), Piping for Flammable Liquids June 22, 1994 B31-92-036 Question (1): For flammable and combustible liquids, does ASME B31.1, Para. 122.7.3(B), permit the use of copper tubing, where metal temperatures do not exceed 400°F, to match the copper alloy fittings permitted in this paragraph? Reply (1): No. The allowance applies only to copper alloy valves and fittings. Question (2): Does Para. 122.7.3(C) permit copper tube and copper alloy valves and fittings in areas having metal temperatures between 400°F and 500°F? Reply (2): No. B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-15 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, Appendix D, Welding Tee per B16.9 June 22, 1994 B31-93-14 Question (1): May the applicable flexibility and stress intensification factors in B31.1, Appendix D, be used for a welding tee manufactured in accordance with ASMEIANSI B16.9 without supplementary dimensional specifications? Reply (1): Yes. Question (2): Is the manufacturer of a welding tee specified for use in B31.1 piping system and manufactured in accordance to ASMEIANSI B16.9 without supplementary dimensional specifications obliged to comply with any requirements of ASME B31.1, Appendix D? Reply (2): No. Interpretation: 25-16 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 104.8, Analysis of Piping Components June 22. 1994 B31-93-040 Question: Referring to Para. 104.8.4, Eqs. (ll), (12), and (13), how should the moment values for sustained and occasional loads, MA and M,, and the moment-range value for thermal expansion Mc be determined considering the effect that varying gaps may exist between the pipe and its supports at different times during operation? Reply: The Code does not specify how to calculate moments and moment-ranges due to different loads or combinations of loads. In the determination of loads, gaps produce nonlinearities in the analyses which may often be considered negligible. Interpretation: 25-17 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1-1992, 122, Design of Specific Piping Systems June 22, 1994 B31-94-07 Question: Does Para. 122 of ASME B31.1 Code require that eccentric reducers with flat side up be provided upstream of pressure control valves when the valves are sized smaller than the pipeline? Reply: No. B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-18 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1-1992, 107, Valves for Vacuum Service June 22, 1994 B31-94-08 Question: Does ASME B31.1 require that valves used in vacuum service have an external sealing arrangement, such as seal water to gland packing, to prevent air from entering the system. Reply: No. Interpretation: 25-19 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1-1992, 118, Sleeve Coupled and Proprietary Joints June 22, 1994 B31-94-10 Question: Does Para. 118 of ASME B31.1 Code require tie-rods (control units) to meet the requirement for "adequate provision to prevent separation of the joint"? Reply: No. Interpretation: 25-20 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1-1989, 104.1.2(A.I), Minimum Wall Thickness of Pipe June 22, 1994 B31-94-11 Question (1): May a measured minimum wall thickness of pipe be used to verify B31.1 Power Piping Code compliance with the design minimum wall thickness? Reply (1): Yes. Question (2): What Code or Standard must be used to measure the pipe wall thickness? Reply (2): The Code does not specify how to measure the pipe wall thickness? B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-21 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, 135, Pipe Assembly Tolerances June 22, 1994 B31-94-021 Question: Does piping fabricated to the fabrication tolerances of PFI Standard ES-5 (Fabricating Tolerances) meet the requirements of ASME B31.1? Reply: ASME B31.1 does not specify the fabricating tolerances. This is a responsibility of the designer. Interpretation: 25-22 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, Fig. 127.4.4(C), Minimum Welding Dimensions June 22, 1994 B31-94-023 Question: In Fig. 127.4.4(C), is a maximum weld size specified? Reply: No. However, the weld size may be limited by the physical configuration of the joint. Interpretation: 25-23 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, Table 136.4, Nondestructive Examination Requirements June 22, 1994 B31-94-024 Question: In Table 136.4, for buttwelds on piping over NPS 2, is radiography required for all pressures, regardless of the design temperature? Reply: No. B31.1 Interpretations No. 25 Interpretation: 25-24 Subject: Date Issued: File: B31.1, Table 132, Postweld Heat Treatment June 22, 1994 B3 1-94-027 Question: Is the "nominal thickness in accordance with Para. 132.4.1" the same as the "nominal material thickness," mentioned in Notes (I)(B) for P-Nos. 1 and 3 in Table 132? Reply: No. The "nominal thickness in accordance with Para. 132.4.1" may be the weld thickness under some specified conditions but the "nominal material thickness" is always the material thickness.
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