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**8 INTERPRETATIONS To be published within the next Edition
**

Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31.8-2007 Edition, Paras. A842.2.2(a), A842.2.2(b) & A842.2.2(c) March 10, 2010 10-23

Question #1 The equation for Hoop Stress in para. A842.2.2(a) Hoop Stress has a temperature derating factor in the formula, whereas the equations for Longitudinal Stress and Combined Stress in paras. A842.2.2(b) and A842.2.2(c) do not use a temperature derating factor. Is this correct? Reply #1 Yes.

Question #2 Does ASME B31.8 use temperature derated values of Specified Minimum Yield Strength? Reply #2 No.

Subject: Date Issued: Item:

ASME B31.8-2007 Edition, Para. 845.411 – Hoop Stress Calculations March 10, 2010 10-162

Question #1 Is it allowed to use the Lamé formula to determine hoop stress when determining incidental pressure for an onshore pipeline in accordance with para. 845.411? Reply #1 No.

Question #2 Is it required to multiply the hoop stress by the Location Class Basic Design Factor, F, for the capacity check per para. 845.411? Reply #2 No.

5% fabrication allowance.2. Customary Units and that equations (3) and (5) were for SI Units.Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31.8-2010 Edition. Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31.S.8 allow the use of ASTM A307 Grade A bolts in addition to Grade B bolts in paragraph 831. (2) or (3) be used for D/t greater than or equal to 30 and that eq. if we go by what is given in the above two Code equations. However. 2010 10-718 Question Does ASME B31. A847.2(a)–Hoop Stress Calculations and Para. the pipe thickness for thick walled pipes will be less than the pipe thickness for thin walled pipes. Question #2 We have a pipeline where the corrosion allowance is 6 mm and 12. is there a typographical or drafting error in equations 3 & 5 in this section? Reply #1 The equations are all correct. Is the hoop stress calculation under B31. then what are the maximum limits for corrosion and fabrication allowances beyond which we need to factor them while calculating the Hoop Stress? . hoop stress equation #2 is for thin walled pipe and equation #3 is for thick walled pipe. Question #3 If no.” Errata will be issued to correct these publishing errors. Para.2(a).2–Test Pressure July 30.2. A842.2. 2010 10-1057 Question #1 In para.2 (b) – 2010 Edition? Reply No.2) to be based only on nominal wall thickness? Reply #2 Yes.2.5 flanges in Class 150 and 300 service July 7. Therefore. A842. but it is not clearly identified that equations (2) and (4) were for U. (4) or (5) be used for D/t less than 30.8 Chapter VIII (Section A842. para 831. Furthermore.8-2007.22 Inquiry on Grade B A307 bolting for B16. there is a publishing error in the Note underneath these equations. The Note should have said: “It is recommended that eq.

ASME B31. As stated in Table A842.2(a) – Hoop Stress Calculations October 20.2. hoop stress design factor for offshore pipelines. 2010 10-1056 Question Can the hoop stress formula in para. A842. for pressure tests.8 – 2010 Edition. 2 ⎧ ⎪ ⎪ ⎡⎛ t ⎞ ⎛ t ⎞ ⎤ ⎫ ξ = ⎨2⎢⎜ ⎟ − ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ ⎬ ⎪ ⎣⎝ D ⎠ ⎝ D ⎠ ⎥ ⎦⎪ ⎭ ⎩ ⎢ −1 (1) ⎛ Ao = 2⎜ ⎜A ⎝ s ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ (2) Ao AS External cross sectional area of pipe pipe material cross sectional area (cross sectional area of pipe steel) . S h = ( Pi − Pe )ξ − Pi where. F1. this technical inquiry proposes the following formulation for hoop stress calculation.2. for offshore pipelines shall be 0.2(a). Design Against Yielding. and para.Hoop Stress. Equation (4). A842. is it correct to take the F1 design factor for offshore pipelines for a pressure test to be equal to 1? Reply #4 No. Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31.2-1. A847.2(a). be revised as noted below? For an isotropic elastic pipe.2.8-2010 Edition. the hoop stress design factor.8 Chapter VIII are to be based only on nominal wall thickness. our interpretation for F1.Reply #3 The hoop stress calculations under B31. Question #5 If no. for a pressure test is that it should be equal to 1.72.2. then what is the correct design factor for the above case? Reply #5 See reply to Question #4 above. Question #4 When reading para. Para. F1. There is no hoop stress design factor. Test Pressure. A842.2. Therefore.

The proposed formulation of equation (2) is more appropriate for deepwater application. The proposed hoop stress formulation is also shown in terms of wall thickness-to-diameter ratio (t/D).2. ASME B31.The above proposed formulation. and para. is based on Lamé’s solution for hoop stress at the inside diameter of a cylinder subject to a differential pressure.e. A842. A847. Reply Thank you for your considered discussion on the hoop stress equation formulation.2(a)–Hoop Stress Calculations and Para. A842. Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31. However use of the proposed Lamé equation to compute the hoop stress at the pipeline internal diameter for offshore pipelines does not have any significant advantage over the current equation. for pressure tests. A842. Equation (1) predicts the hoop stress exactly when results are compared to finite element solution using eight-node solid continuum element. Test Pressure. F1.8. Is the following the correct formula for computing the hoop stress for a pressure test? S h ≤ ST Reply .2(a). The proposed formulation of equation (1) is a replicate of the second equation of para.2.2. pipe outer and material cross-sectional areas). where hydrostatic collapse pressure often results in pipe diameter-to-wall thickness ratios of less than 20. Design Against Yielding .8 – 2010 Edition will grossly overestimate the hoop stress. We consider that the existing Equation (4) in para.2–Test Pressure November 9. 2010 10-1644 Question Previously.e.2. where gives a direct implication of material usage in resisting the tensile hoop stress.8 may grossly over estimate the hoop stress. I had sent an Inquiry to ASME asking if it was correct to take the F1 design factor for offshore pipelines for a pressure test to be equal to 1 when considering the wording stated in para..8-2010 Edition. i. However. to assist designers in performing normalized parametric studies. A847.2. Equation (4). equation (1). A842. but in a more concise and a practical format. The proposed hoop stress formulation of equation (1) is in terms of Ao and As (i.2(a) in the 2010 Edition is appropriate for the D/t ranges covered in B31.2(a). and is more difficult to use for development of pipeline wall thickness design..Hoop Stress. We do not agree with your assertion that the formula in para. A842.2. internal and external pressure. Para. The reply to this Inquiry #10-1057 said that there is no hoop stress design factor. I have an additional question related to this response. where the existing equation in B31.2(a).

2011 Inquiry Tracking Number 11-377 Question #1 My understanding of the test pressure criterion is the following: D Sh = ( Pi − Pe) < SMYS 2t Is this correct? Reply #1 No. ASME B31. Hoop Stress March 22.6-1? Reply #1 No. Sh as defined in formulas 1 & 2 in para.2. F.2 includes a Design Factor. There is no maximum hoop stress limit identified in the Code for a hydrotest.8-2010 Edition.2 was written to caution the Code user that conditions may exist that could yield the pipe. Appendix F March 22.2. A welded branch connection on an onshore pipeline system is a Fabricated Assembly. does this mean that during a hydrotest.1.8-2010 Edition. Question #2 Since the nominal wall thickness is used in formula #2 in para.2. the Design Factor. is taken from Table 841.No. Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31. A847. Therefore. as defined in para.2. A842. F.8 allows hoop stress to be 12. Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31. T. the hoop stress during a hydrotest will not be 12. It is not a test pressure criterion. para.6-2. A842. . The Cautionary Note in para.9(a). is the Design Factor. When the Design Factor is included in the hoop stress formula. A842. Furthermore. F.5%? Reply #2 No. 841.1.1.5% higher than SMYS when assuming a pipe manufacturing mill tolerance of minus 12.5% higher than SMYS. taken from Table 841. The formula that you have noted is used to compute hoop stress.2 to compute hoop stress. and a Temperature Derating Factor. 2011 Inquiry Tracking Number 11-376 Question #1 In the examples in Appendix F illustrating the application of the rules for reinforcement of welded branch connections for an onshore pipeline system.

at temperatures between -29°C (-20°F) and 200°C (400°F).5.2 Design of Plastic Piping . These same conditions are required in ASME B31. F.2.5 flanges in Class 150 and 300 service March 22. the grade B bolts are limited to use with Class 150 and 300 flanged joints. used with non-metallic gasket materials. Grade A bolts since these are used for general purpose (steel)? Reply #2: No.5 and ASTM A307 Grade B bolting? Reply #1: No.5.2.22 FOLLOW-UP Inquiry on Grade B A307 bolting for B16.15% for ease of machining. 842.8-2010. ASTM A307 Grade A bolts are not referenced in ASME B16. and therefore may possess low fracture toughness properties unsuitable for natural gas service.8-2007.5 references ASTM A307 Grade B bolts in Table 1B under the category of Low Strength Bolting. be taken from the Hoop Stress column in Table A842.8 is referencing ASME B16. shouldn't it also reference ASTM A307. The Grade A bolts allow sulfur levels up to 0. Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31. 2011 Inquiry Tracking Number 11-371 Question #1: Is there a conflict between ASME B31. 2011 .8 Section 831. (The temperature range in the ASME B31.8 2010 edition actually reads -29°C (-20°F) to 232°C (450°F). would the Design Factor. para 831.2 referencing ASME B16.Question #2 In the examples in Appendix F illustrating the application of the rules for reinforcement of welded branch connections.) The ASTM A307 statement that the Grade B bolts are intended for use with cast iron flanges does not preclude their use in steel flanges under the conditions stated above.2. ASME B16. Subject: Date Issued: ASME B31.5 which is for steel flanges.8 Section 831. In ASME B16.General Provision March 22. Para. Question #2: Since ASME B31.2.2-1 for an offshore pipeline system? Reply #2 Yes. There is an errata scheduled for publication to correct the high temperature discrepancy.

Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31. ISO TS 18226 (Plastics pipes and fittings — Reinforced thermoplastics pipe systems for the supply of gaseous fuels for pressures up to 4 MPa (40 bar)) or API RP 15S (Qualification of Spoolable Reinforced Plastic Line Pipe) is not specifically identified as acceptable in 842. para. for example.8-1999. 2011 Inquiry Tracking Number 07-1469 & 07-1470 .8.41(c) and Appendix F March 22.2. Question #2: Is reinforced thermoplastic pipe (RTP) subject to the same pressure design limitations as thermoplastic pipe per 842. where the opening made in the header wall is smaller than the inside diameter of the branch pipe. certain products may be qualified for use by methods described in Paragraph 811. 831.2? Reply #2: No.12(f) Injection and Production Flow Lines March 23. 802. Subject: Date Issued: Item: ASME B31. Is RTP allowed to be used for gas pipeline service? Reply #1: No. ISO TS 18226 and other reinforced thermoplastic pipe standards. 2010 Inquiry Tracking Number 09-1699 Question: In a fabricated branch connection.2. may the full thickness of the header wall between the undersized branch hole and the inside of the branch pipe be considered to be reinforcement for purposes of area replacement calculation? Reply: Yes. However. See response to Question 1.8 Code Committee is considering modifications to the current code to specifically include certain types of reinforced thermoplastic pipe that may be described in API RP 15S. The ASME B31.Item: Inquiry Tracking Number 10-1001 Question #1: Reinforced thermoplastic pipe (RTP) as described in.

8-2007 edition: does the code exclude flow lines between gas production wells and gas separation facilities? Reply #2: Yes.Question #1: In accordance with ASME B31. Question #2: In accordance with ASME B31. Last updated: 03/23/11 .8-2007 edition: does the code exclude flow lines between gas injection wells and gas injection facilities? Reply #1: Yes.

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