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, New Brunswick, Canada. • As a young poet in the 1940s, Elizabeth Brewster wrote in an almost desperate attempt to order the chaos of her own psyche. • Most of Brewster’s early poetry was based on rural and small-town rather than urban experience and that it was mainly traditional in form. The bulk of her poems centre around trees, oceans, cabins and childhood recollections, lulling th Summary The key idea of the poem seems to be that a person’s character is always formed at least in part by the place where he or she is born – “People are made of places”. Wherever you go in life you will carry with you memories and echoes of your birthplace, whether it is a city, as in the first stanza, or the quiet Canadian countryside where Elizabeth herself was born – “Where I come from, people carry woods in their minds” – and certainly the picture she draws in the second stanza does seem at first to be idyllic and wonderful, strongly contrasting with the city images in the first stanza. This idea shows us that who we are is shaped by where we were born and where we grew up, but this is not the end of the shaping process, as the first line suggests ‘People are made of places’, you are shaped as much by where you were born and grew up as the places that you go to after your childhood, the things that you experience in other places, the things that you see. Stanza 1 • This stanza deals with the organized and fast paced life of the city. In the city everything is precise and controlled; everything runs like clockwork. • Line 1-3: The first two lines of the poem summarise the main theme of the poem perfectly. ‘People are made of places.’ As the theme suggests people will never be able to forget their past, or where they came from. People will always be able to tell where you come from ‘They carry with them hints of jungles or mountains, a tropic grace or the cool eyes of seagazers.’ • Line 3-4: ‘Atmosphere of cities how different drops from them’ The author is trying to show that the atmosphere of the place you live in can affect the way that you live, throughout the year as nature progresses through its seasons, atmospherically city life changes greatly. Stanza 1 • Line 4-5: ‘Like the smell of smog or the almost-not-smell of tulips in the spring’, smog telling us about a typical winters day with density of the air being greater and the water vapor blinding our site, ‘the almostnot-smell of tulips in the spring’ this tells us how the flowers of spring are starting to blossom, not fully produced and grown the smell of the tulips can not yet be appreciated fully and with the combined smells of the city one could think that they are smelling the tulips when actually the city life prevents the scent of the tulip to a high degree. • Line 6-7: The idea of the city being organized and tidily planned out is introduced in these lines, ‘nature tidily plotted in little squares with a fountain in the center’, telling us that within the city life, nature still exists in public parks, which have been plotted around the city in small areas to provide the reassurance of sanity within the community, that nature still exists within the city environment but is scarce and nature cannot go about its business how intended to because of the interruptions of city life and pollution. Stanza 1 • Line 7-8: ‘museum smell, art also tidily plotted with a guidebook’. This compares the tidily plotted countryside to tidily plotted art in an art museum, with a guidebook. The guide book can be a metaphor for life, we try to control everything, to guide ourselves through life instead of taking one step at a time. • Line 9-10: ‘the smell of work, glue factories maybe, chromium-plated offices’, the city is full of skyscraping office buildings built of steel and other sharp precise materials to give a uniform look and feel to the atmosphere, also with great complexes comes great amounts of pollution, which Elizabeth is relating to with ‘the smell of work, glue factories maybe’. • Line 10-11: In the end of the stanza ‘smell of subways crowded at rush hours’, this shows the congestion that is caused by overpopulation of the city. It also shows how rushed life in the city is. Also it shows that at the end of the day, no matter where you come from, if you work in chromium plated offices or glue factories, everyone has the same goal and that is to get home. Stanza 2 Stanza 2 The second stanza introduces an idea change in the poem. The focus of the poem now shifts more to country and rural life; similar to that in which Brewster herself grew up in.
the last being a rhyming couplet. Structure • If you look at the lines in the poem every single line with the exception of 5 out of the 21 lines has some sort of a comma.’ is there to give a feel to the picture that she has been describing and it gives the reader a cold feeling. but it is like she has jumped locations. “old. • If you look at the poem at the end of the first stanza. Stanza 2 • Line 18-19: ‘Spring and winter are the mind’s chief seasons: ice and the breaking of ice. Another idea to ponder on the last two lines of the poem. and not meant to be quickly read and feeling bewildered afterwards when you are confused about the poem to which you have just rushed. where the chickins cluck “aimlessly” and buildings are “battered”. full stop. The frosty wind from the fields of snow is relevant because in Canada the winter is very frosty with a lot of snow and wind. taking in what is being said and thinking about it more. To the people in the community this is relatively significant as it is the growing of something new where before there was nothing.• Line 12-13: These lines provide us with key details in which we can relate to Brewster’s childhood. Also the chickens and hens being kept in yards.’ The last two lines are puzzling. • Apart from the previously mentioned no other apparent structure can be found. The door blowing open is just another gateway opening in the mind to the memories that she holds of her childhood. people carry woods in their minds. or literally speaking the chickens themselves. and there blows a frosty wind from fields of snow. The old farmhouses are there solely to serve a purpose and until they stop serving that purpose they will be kept. colon or semi-colon splitting the lines into two sections. but their legacy can be negative.’ Spring and winter are two opposing seasons and winter could therefore represent the cold city life and spring the colorful country life. getting the reader thinking more about the poem and its content rather than what . like ‘blueberry patches in the burned-out bush’. the last line finishes as a half line. ‘Ice and breaking of ice’ refers to something in the mind that is broken when one makes the transition from the city to the country. • Line 16-17: Brewster portrays a farming life with the ideas of chickens and hens kept in yards. shows us that in the country there is the room to spare to be able to keep these chickens and hens. but are “burned out”. ‘Where I come from. • Line 17-18: ‘The battered schoolhouse’ again places emphasis on it being an old building remaining only for practical purposes and not being replaced by a more attractive building. out of anything. in need of paint”. it shows how nature can create a picture of beauty anywhere. done to provide uniqueness with the poem and also this allows Elizabeth to get her ideas and points across as there is next to no boundaries which allows her to use any form of poetry language that she wants to. Coming from New Brunswick. the chickens would not be kept as there is no room nor is there any need to keeping the chickens and hens. so it is more contemporary and free versed poetry. • Line 20-21: ‘A door in the mind blows open. whereas in conjunction with the first stanza. The second half these lines ‘and there blows a frosty wind from fields of snow. generally used to provide a source of food in the form of eggs. She finishes the first stanza with ‘subways crowded at rush hours’ and starts the second stanza with ‘Where I come from’. acres of pine woods’. in need of paint’. ‘behind which violets grow’ just backs up the earlier line of ‘blueberry’s growing in the burnt out bush’. This is supported by the content of the second stanza. This is to show a distinct change between the two stanza with the first being city life and the second being country life. with the words ‘blow’ and ‘snows’. This is in direct contrast to the first stanza where everything is new and attractive. a “frosty wind” in the mind? Structure • The Poem is set out into three stanzas. The “door” could be the memory opening in a blast of nostalgia. her place. So the suggestion is that it is easy to remember formative places all to positively. The reason Elizabeth has done this is because she would like to start the second stanza at the same place that she finished the first stanza. Canada. regardless of looks. where things may seem superficially attractive in a rustic way. so she has the same line of thought. is not so good after all. like a realisation that the past. but the association of winter and the “frosty wind” suggest something less pleasant. The first line of the second stanza then starts halfway down the line. old. Stanza 2 • Life 15: ‘wooden farmhouses. • Line 14: People here care about things that people in the city would laugh at. is 80% forested and so the forest or ‘woods’ will always be in the peoples minds as it is the centre of the little community. This technique used is a great way to show the reader that the poem is meant to be read slow and appreciatively.
(Unfinished) In both poems ‘Where I Come From by Elizabeth Brewster’ and ‘Summer Farm by Norman MacCaig’. In the light of this shift of reference. you carry a sense of that place in your mind. and are not growing without human intervention and control. blueberry patches. the concluding two lines come as a contradiction of this idealization. the reader is told that doors blow open. similes.e reader into a state of rustic complacency. Even their very thoughts and ways of looking at life are inextricable from their locations. Are the praries more "open-minded" than the more `multi-cultural`cities of Vancouver or Toronto? More authentically Canadian? Conclusion: Show how the use of adverbs. what does Elizabeth Brewster say about rural life? From details of city life. a view that nature is more rewarding to an individual. in ‘Summer Farm by Norman MacCaig’. supports your claims about the treatment of identity themes. where people might see many farmyard animals. no one escapes human difficulties and problems. specifically. Q: Write a detailed (5 paragraphs) essay plan discussing the theme of identity with reference to language used in the poem 'Where I come from'. where pine woods. The poem’s first eleven lines establish details that support the opening statement that people are “made of places. Paragraph 1: Examine the treatment of urbanism in the opening stanza. the author had used many techniques such as sibilance.words rhyme with what and so on. However. more uplifting than the confines of city life. just as people riding subways at rush hour accept the premise that life might usually take place where there are always crowds. north or south. but such an attitude is not there. Paragraph 3: Discuss how the final couplet refigures the identity questions in the poem. the author makes a dominant connection between the natural world and mankind by addressing the importance of digging down to your roots. and where violets voluntarily exhibit their colors for country folk to appreciate. the author’s central idea is to get across the message that the natural world is created according to the emotions of man. Q: In "Where I Come From". A reader might expect a continuation of the pride of country places of lines 11-19. the poem after line 11 shifts to details about country life. Clearly the speaker admires the more spontaneous aspects of Nature that are to be found where she comes from. Q: Explain the last two lines of Brewster's "Where I Come From"? The final two lines of the poem. or east or west. and that a frosty wind blows from fields of snow. On the other hand. while most of the details about city life are negative. The author tries to put across his thoughts through using techniques such . By trying to convey this message and create the effect of a nostalgic poem. burned-out bush. the poem’s speaker seems to be elevating country living above city living. finding your own identity through it and also focusing on how nature alters to fit with your emotional state. the poet does include details about tulips and fountains—but these objects of Nature are regulated and organized. Does this represent a rejection of an urban literary tradition? What does this stanza claim about the nature of Canadian poetry as well as the poet? Paragraph 2: Examine this fairly cliched image of the small prarie town in the second styanza as a locus of Canadian and personal poetic identity. At first reading. An "essay plan" is basically an outline of the essay you intend to write with notes concerning areas to which you will pay greatest attention or important themes. and wooden farmhouses are features of the landscape. In ‘Where I Come From by Elizabeth Brewster’. A marvelous or not-so-marvelous location of residence does not guarantee anyone immunity from the problems that beset human beings. a reader might conclude that no matter where people come from—city or country.” Thus. Rather. Q: In the poem "Where I come From" what does the poet suggest about people who grow up in and around cities and those who grow up in the country Q: How does the beginning of the poem establish the purpose in Brewster''s "Where I Come From"? This poem purports to be a contrast between city and country. Interestingly. it concentrates on idea that wherever you come from. All these scenes and descriptions are clearly designed as a contrast with the more constricting urban life as detailed in the first eleven lines. Introduction: Contextualize the poet in terms of Canadian identity and particularly the tradition of prarie poetry. appear to be problematic. People who work in “chromium-plated offices” assume that it is natural for human existence to take place exclusively in such an environment. and for this reason create surprising final twist. their very outlook on life is conditioned by the areas from which they spend their childhood and adulthood. alliteration and metaphors.
subtle and understated. museums. and her memories seem to flow in an unstoppable rush. and there blows a frosty wind from fields of snow’ a possible new memory is opened in her mind. cities. On the first stanza. Alternatively. such as Margaret Atwood). each one has two pairs of rhyme. offices and subways at rush hour. ‘museum smell’. glue factories. Elizabeth Brewster’s “Where I Come From” is a poem that is rooted in Brewster’s childhood and early experiences in the rural Canada of the 1920s and 1930s. as Brewster’s images are rather generic: museums. a metaphor. such ‘blueberry patches in burned out bush’. .. has only visited as a tourist.as juxtaposition. her poem has renewed interest. The language and punctuation of the second stanza also slows down the pace of the poem – emphasizing the slow. and undoubtedly effective. jungles. etc. The first stanza goes on to give examples of the kinds of places that “make” people: jungles. unlike the faltering way the city is described. A contrast between city-life and countrylife is made between the two stanzas. ‘Summer Farm’ states that the natural world is fitted and altered to what emotional state one is in. ‘Where I Come From by Elizabeth Brewster’ states the importance of having an identity and that your identity comes from your link to the natural world. Both poems explores the powerful connection between the natural world and mankind in different ways. friendly countryside town. as a comparison of two Canadas. Like Frost’s work. The environment is vastly different to the city. assonance and alliteration. Smell is most primarily the sense most associated with memory. The rest of the stanza consists of a description of the sights and sounds of city life that influence city-dwellers: here the poem is at its weakest. While this might be considered too sweeping a generalization. The author splits the poem up into two stanzas to show the difference the speakers past and present. acres of pine woods…’ The way in which her hometown is described is also different. introspective perception. If so.. she is certainly very much a result of the places she has lived in and that she most identifies with. that ‘People are made of places” – that memories of a person of where they live make up a portion of who they are. This helps the audience to be imaginative of what is beyond the natural world and beyond what is in sight. but mild. such as mountains. the sea and the city. there is no doubt from the poem that whether or not all people share this trait of Brewster’s. ‘battered schoolhouse behind which violets grow’ – memories that only one who has lived here for a long time would remember. leading the audience to catch the central meaning of the poem. comfortable way of life here. fountains in the centre of the square. the second stanza has less enjambments. In the poem. old. and this is emphasized by the numerous pauses and enjambments within the stanza. It also gives a sense that the poet is not familiar. This is a trait of much Canadian poetry (although with notable exceptions. She is unfamiliar with the city. where ‘people carry woods in their minds. ‘almostnot-smell of tulips’. the author focuses on getting the message “people are made of places”. The last stanza appears to be a kind of true ending to the poem. Only simple adjectives are used here. or it is a continuation of her long-ago memories. The first stanza essentially is a list of the possible places people have lived. as it describes things that all cities generally have. ‘the smell of smog’. uncomplicated way people live their lives here. The poem is divided into four stanzas. The second stanza however is a description of her hometown. the author also explores metaphysics. Her city is unmistakably Western.’ ‘subways’. possible emphasizing the simple. rhyme. ‘wooden farmhouses. by Elizabeth Brewster. unlike the first stanza when her feeling towards the city is positive. near the sea. in need of paint’. which are concepts that are abstract and intangible beyond in physical world. The poem begins with a declaration: “People are made of places”. and that link is used here extensively in the description of the city. this poem is simple but not inelegant. It is with the last of these that the stanza is most concerned. ‘Where I Come From’. ‘chromium plated offices. A faint tone of unreserved affection when she is describing her hometown can be sensed. but the way the authors convey. recursion. ‘A door in the mind blows open. not connected with a city. libraries. The description of the city is slightly plain and generic however. It is a poem that is enjoyable even if one does not look beyond its most obvious level. There is nothing distinct about the city she is describing. ‘smell of work’. although hardly one to complain about. across. she is writing as if she has not lived here. The descriptions here are also more exact. “Where I Come From” is a wonderfully well-expressed work that on repeated readings reminded me of Robert Frost’s depictions of New England. and it would not be too far to go to say that it is Canadian. and so the description could fit any city in the world. is a poem that has it’s theme readily stated in the first sentence of the poem. distinct. glue factories. it is a small. mountains. she frequently has to pause to think about what to say next. memories that only one who is familiar with it would remember.
She doesn’t seek to explain everything but rather to invite the reader to think about what she has thought. I think the line “Where I come from. and it is central moment of the piece. The second part of the poem is about the place where she grows up and she provides us with some stereotypical imagery of farm-life such as ____________________ and __________________. “Spring and winter/ are the mind’s chief seasons: ice and the breaking of ice”. it is a decidedly unambitious work and this is almost refreshing.The second stanza is the poem’s heart. Brewster makes it sound much better than it really is. the repetition of the “p” sound is particularly effective because it creates an effect. rather than on sight and sound. and in her view made Canadians of her generation. we can assume that Elizabeth Brewster’s ‘Where I Come From’ is about _________________________ Although the opening line ‘People are made of places’ can be loosely described as form of alliteration. and the environment where she grew up. Task: From the title of poem. and . “smell of work. Her words express those thoughts very effectively. Brewster goes on to describe the “Atmosphere of cities” which is created by various distinctive smells such as “smell of smog”. “Where I Come From” is just as much about things unsaid as the writing itself. Focusing on smells. I have little doubt that this will be so. and while it is rather a modest pleasure. Brewster goes on to describe the ‘Atmosphere of cities’ which is created be various distinctive smells such as ‘ ‘. romantic imagery of “battered schoolhouses/ behind which violets grow”. rather than on sight and sound. as she is inviting us to consider the places that made us. The line “Spring and winter are the mind’s chief seasons” reinforces the contrast established in the poem between town and rural life. The line ‘Spring and winter are the mind’s chief seasons’ reinforces the contrast established in the poem between town and rural life. but its importance much more briefly)? How have Canadians changed with Canada? Brewster’s omissions are. to my mind. old. Here her images are less cliched and her language far more evocative: witness such artfully constructed phrases as “blueberry patches in the burned-out bush” and the warm.‘ ‘ . The second part of the poem is about the place where she grows up and she provides us with some stereotypical imagery of farm-life such as “wooden farmhouses. though there is a change experience in the final two lines. We also assume that she is going to describe. acres of pine woods” has a strong impact on the reader because the speaker of the poem is starting to describe where she is from. “A door in the mind blows open. This is what Brewster is made of. multicultural Canada of the present? How exactly does the landscape affect the Canadian psyche (Brewster describes the place brilliantly. deep reflection and the quietest kind of beauty. and to consider how exactly they did so. It is a truly important thought. “museum smell”. “almost-not-smell of tulips in the spring”. Focusing on smells. quite deliberate. it is a poem that truly involves the reader. which the shortness of sound reinforces the statement by establishing it as a truth. Does Brewster truly dislike the city (in my opinion. the link between nature and the mind. suggests that the speaker’s memory of city-life and this sharply contrasted in the next half of the poem which is about nature. If every reader of the poem uses it as a springboard for clear-eyed self-reflection of this kind. and the environment where she grew up. Here Brewster introduces us to the place that made her. To read “Where I Come From” is to undertake an exercise in the appreciation of subtlety. glue factories maybe” and “smell of subways crowded at rush hours”. I think the line _______________________________ has a strong impact on the reader because__________________. in need of paint” and “with yards where hens and chickens circle about”. She closes the stanza by returning to her main theme. tell memories and her opinion about the completely different places.‘ ‘ and ‘ ‘. she writes. It also grabs the attention of the reader and makes the reader curious to read the rest of the poem. how different and how better it is compared to the city-life. Although the opening line “People are made of places” can be loosely described as form of alliteration. she doesn’t)? Are her memories of her hometown unreservedly affectionate? Is the poem an exercise in comparing two Canadas. ‘A door in the mind blows open’ suggest that _____________________ Possible answers: From the title of the poem. suggests that it is the speaker’s memory of city-life and this is sharply contrasted in the next half of the poem which is about nature. the Canada of the past and the urban. Indeed. the repetition of the ‘p’ sound is particularly effective because it creates the impression that ______________________ . The writer also begins to idealizes farm-life. ‘ ‘. though there is a change experienced in the final two lines. people carry woods in their minds. Brewster will have been remarkably successful. we can assume that Elizabeth Brewster’s “Where I Come From” is about the place or places where the writer was born in or where she spent her whole childhood.
rather than on sight and sound. the world of mind. Answer 4: From the title of the poem. though there is a change experienced in the final two lines. old. establishing it as a truth. Although the opening line “People are made of places” can be loosely described as form of alliteration. and the environment where she grew up. It reinforces the statement . glue factories maybe’ . though there is a change experienced in the final two lines. Focusing on smells. people carry woods in their minds. affection for the past. The second part of the poem is about the place where she is grows up and she provides us with some stereotypical imagery of farm-life such as wooden farmhouse and yards with hens and chickens. The line “spring and winter are the mind’s chief season” reinforces the contrast established in the poem between town and rural life. Brewster goes on to describe the ‘Atmosphere of cities’ which is created be various distinctive smells such as ‘the almost-not-smell of tulips in the spring’ . suggest that it is the speaker’s memory of city-life and this is sharply contrasted in the next half of the poem which is about nature. ‘smell of subways crowded at rush hours’. . and it’s sarcastic. the place where you came from. suggests that it is the speaker’s memory of city-life and this is sharply contrasted in the next half of the poem which is about nature. the repetition of the ‘p’ sound is particularly effective because it creates the impression that the speaker wants to insist on this short line and it creates a strong effect on the beginning of the poem. acres of pine woods’ has a strong impact on the reader because the speaker starts speaking about herself and she idealises the life and the nature of the farm. in particularly where the speaker of the poem comes from. The speaker is now in the present. and the environment where she grew up. ’smell of work. the way she remembers her home place. ‘glue factory’. rather than on sight and sound. ‘A door in the mind blows open’ suggests that there is a change occurs the speaker is now in the present and the cold wind stops her thoughts. indeed. The speaker is now in the present. ’museum’. in need of paint’ and ‘with yards where hens and chickens circle about’. other world. we can assume that Elizabeth Brewster’s ‘Where I Come From’ is about the different places where people come from. Although the opening line ‘People are made of places’ can be loosely described as form of alliteration. In the end of the poem the reader realizes that Brewster is mostly talking about nostalgia. the repetition of “p” sound is particularly effective because it creates the impression that it really sounds and matches the rhythm for words people and places. though there is a change experienced in the final two lines. suggest that it is the speaker’s memory of city-life and this sharply contrasted in the next half of the poem which is about nature. ‘A door in the mind blows open’ suggest that a change occurs. we can assume that Elizabeth Brewster’s “Where I Come From” is about comparing the situation between urban area and rural area where she comes from. “A door in the mind blows open” suggest that she was in deep thinking. and the rest of the poem contrasts to the manmade imagery. rather than on sight and sound. establishing it as a truth. Brewster goes on to describe the ‘Atmosphere of cities’ which is created by various distinctive smells such as ‘smog’. Answer 3: From the title of poem. The second part of the poem is about the place where she grows up and she provides us with some stereotypical imagery of farm-life such as “woods in their minds” means forest is near or around a place and “with yards where hens and chickens circle about” means that they had chickens and hens. I think the line “carry woods in their minds” has a strong impact on a reader because this line is about Elizabeth’s memory. Focusing on smells. She is comparing it with the smell of things in the area. Brewster goes on to describe the “Atmosphere of cities” which is created be various distinctive smells such as “smell of smog” “museum smell” “smell of work” “smell of glue factories” and “chromium-plated offices”. the cold wind stops her thoughts. I think the line ‘Where I come from’ has a strong impact on the reader because it shows a change. The cold wind stops her thoughts.there blows a frosty wind from the snow” suggests that a change occurs. I think the line ‘Where I come from. The line ‘Spring and winter are the mind’s chief seasons’ reinforces the contrast established in the poem between town and rural life. running around freely on the farm territory. you can feel the poem. and the environment where she grew up. Focusing on smells. ‘museum smell’ . from other world. Although the opening line ‘People are made of places’ can be loosely describe as form of alliteration. we can assume that Elizabeth Brewster’s “Where I Come From” is about a place where your heart belongs to. The line ‘Spring and winter are the mind’s chief seasons’ reinforces the contrast established in the poem between town and rural life. The second part of the poem is about the place where she grows up and she provides us with some stereotypical imagery of farm-life such as ‘Wooden farmhouses. the repetition of the ‘p’ sound is particularly effective because it creates the impression that the shortness of sound reinforces this statement. Answer 2: From the title of the poem. ‘chromium-plated office’ and ‘subways’. and when someone opened the door she came back to herself.
Brewster goes on to describe the ‘atmosphere of cities’ which is created be various distinctive smells such as cow shit. we can amuse that Elizabeth Brewster’s where I come from is about. She gives a vivid imagery of chickens who are circling about clucking aimlessly. These techniques are therefore reinforcing the main idea by showing the reader that different perspectives can only be reached by having contrast. He shows how narrow the majority of humans views are. The poets demonstrate how although the human world interacts with the natural world. ‘tame lightenings’ bring the idea that nature is uncontrollable and no matter how much humans try to control it. Answer 6: The first two lines from the first stanza states that people carry some memory of the place they were born in. Nature as seen by the poet is beautiful. In the first two sentences the lines flow smoothly and carry imagery of the pleasantness of nature. The alliteration ‘green as glass’ highlights the comparison of the natural world and the man made equivalent.The last line brings Brewster to her present and lets the reader know she was thinking and telling about her past Q: With Reference To Two Or Three Poems Explore The Varying Ways Poets Present The Natural World. She also talks about smell.Answer 5: From the title of the poem. Within the poem ‘Where I Come From’ a variety of different aspects adds to the appreciation of life. the poet describes his natural surroundings with such detail and clarity whilst in a meditative state of thoughtless observation. kimchee. Then she talks about how nature is cared about people ” nature tidily plotted in little squares. Anyone could be born in the mountains. in comparison to the rest of the stanza which expresses the poet’s opinion about cities. and the environment where she grow up. and pizza hut. “smell of smog”. an insight to the natural world is given through the poet’s reflective and quiet tone. Although he opening line ‘people are made of places’ can be loosely described as from of alliteration. Later in the poem she tells us where she came from. The line ‘spring and winter are the mind’s chief seasons’ reinforces the contrast established between town and rural life. nature will always do its own thing. The way the poet tell the reader ‘they carry with them’ emphasizes the flow of nature whereas the first sentence which describes the city is structured around the alliteration ‘different drops’. The title is where I come from because se want’s to tell us we are made up out of places. The juxtaposing ideas. In the second stanza of the ‘Where I Come From’. it is also completely separate. this underlines how even though something might be there. In the next half of the poem which is about nature.”atmosphere of cities”. This use of alliteration highlights that while nature flows smoothly. it is sarcastic not realistic so you have to think about it. It shows how humans try and establish links with nature. allowing a picture to form in the readers mind. She again switches back to smell ” museum smell” “glue factories maybe” and the “smell of subways at rush hours” which also tells us that she has visited these place very curiously. ‘stares at nothing with one eye’. She also gives and imagery of houses which need paint and are old and blueberry patches. jungles. the listing . cities or seas. the repetition of the ‘’p’’ sound is particularly effective because it creates an impression that the sound really matches the rhythm of the poem it actually makes the rhythm. In ‘Summer Farm’. I think the line carry woods in their minds has a strong impact on the reader because. In the first two stanzas of the poem. Norman MacCaig describes the natural world which surrounds him on his farm. though there is a change experienced in the final two lines ‘A door in the minds blow open’ suggest that you think everything is so good if you lose/leave it but when you come back it is different. There is just a hint of it too. The fact that the hen only looks with one eye also mirrors how humans in general are bias and will only look at the part of the whole picture. “almost-not-smell of tulips in spring” which also signifies that the smell of tulips are lost in the smell of smog and other smells. In the first stanza the repetition of ‘tidily plotted’ and ‘smell’ helps to create the idea that the city does not have diversity. Focusing on smells. We are made up out of all the things we have done and where we have done it. our minds are so closed off that we see nothing. The \second stanza talks about where she was born or where her childhood passed and gives views of how rural life is better than urban life. rather than on sight it is the speaker’s memory of city-life and this is sharply contrasted. the city is like rapids. The second part of the poem is about the place where she grow up and she provides us whit some stereotypical imagery of farm-life such as chickens and wood. The unusual syntax used ‘atmosphere of … different drops’ emphasizes how unnatural the city is. Essay In both the poems ‘Summer Farm’ by Norman MacCaig and ‘Where I Come From’ by Elizabeth Brewster. that it is all roughly the same whereas in the second stanza the description of nature is made to seem as though it goes on forever. It signifies that Brewster is stating her views after she has visited these places.
he concludes that he is ‘in the centre’. this in turn leads to the conclusion that man is unfamiliar with nature. . The man’s ‘lack of thought’ implies how humanity would rather believe that everything does resolve around it than look at the evidence and conclude otherwise.underlines how nature is unbound and free unlike the man made structures which have to be ordered the people who live with nature are also unbound and free ‘they carry woods in their minds’. nature is compared to the man made. In the last two stanzas of ‘Summer Farm’. this highlights the difference between man and nature as nature does not think about things. The use of a quiet reflective tone throughout both poems whilst containing different complex ideas echoes how similar and different man and nature are. Nature and man are both similar as he stands ‘self under self’. The main messages of both poems are developed through observations and through these the reader is allowed to draw his or her own conclusions about nature. nature has no beginning and no end which in turn underlines another contrast between man-made and nature. As the ‘hens and chickens circle’ the idea of the cycle of life is pushed to the forefront of the readers mind. The alliteration of ‘burnt-out bush’ reinforces how even though this part of nature is dead. As man continues to speculate about his surroundings. Several times within ‘Summer Farm’. the poet highlights how nature and humans are similar but different. it still contributes to the sense of beauty. Although he believes himself ‘in the centre’. This could show that man can only truly be like nature when all thought is let go of. It highlights how just like a circle. ‘the water in the horse-trough’ and ‘green as glass’ suggesting that man seeks for the familiar. The ignorance of man’s surroundings and how both poets comment on man’s ability to see only what it wants to see shows how man’s view of the world is shrewd. The way the sentence is structured suggests that the people in the cities are also like the place where they live. however the reader is brought to question this as it has been shown that he has been wrong before. he lies ‘not thinking’ in the grass just like the straw which is described in the first stanza. This means that their minds are crowded but always coming up with new thoughts and idea just like a wood is always brimming with new life. just as the farm is ‘farm under farm’ showing how both have complex layers and are both constantly changing. more ordered and rigid than the people who live with nature.
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