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2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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kf;fSf;Fj; njhopy; tha;g;Gf;fs;> ghJfhg;ghz tho; f ; i f> cz; z czT> kP d ; g pb kw; W k; ; > fkj;njhopiy Muk;gpf;fTk; mj;Jld; ,t;thwhd NtW gy tplaq; f s; gw; w pNa ,g; g Fjpapy; Muhag; g l; L s; s J. kP s ; f l; l ikg; i gAk; > kP s f; fl;bnaOg;GjiyAk; Xh; nkd;ikahd gFjpahfNt fUJfpd; w dh; . vdpDk; [dhjpgjp re; j pupfh FkhuJq; f tpd; murhq; f Kk; > mjw; F Kd; i da murhq;fKk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; gpuNjrk; cs;slq;fpa KO tlfpof;ifAk; fl;bnaOg;Gtjpy; mf;fiw fhl;b mh;g;gzpg;Gld; nraw;gl;ldh;. Ky;iyj;jPT fpspnehr;rp Nghd;w gpuNjrq;fspy; fzprkhd msT kPs;fl;likg;G Ntiyfs; eil ngw;Ws;sd. ,j;jfty; ntsptuhjjw;fhd fhuzk; jkpoP o tpLjiyg; Gypfs; > ,r; n ra; j p gpurpj; j p ngWtij tpUk;ghikNa. Vnddpy; murhq;fk; vJTk; nra;atpy;iy vd;gij Rl;bf;fhl;lNt ,r;nra;jp ntsptUtijj; jLj;;jdh;. mNjNghy; njw;fpy; cs;s kf;fs; tlfpof;fpYs;sth;fSf;F mjpf ,lj; i j murhq; f k; nfhLf; f pd; w J vd KiwapLtijj; jtph;f;f> murhq;fKk; mth;fsJ gzpfSk; gpurpj; j p ngwhJ ,Ug; g jpy; jpUg;jpailfpd;wdh;. kPs;fl;likg;G> kWrPuikg;G kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;fj;Jf;fhd mikr;R fpspnehr;rpapYs; s jkpoP o tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; jpl;lkplYf;Fk; mgptpUj;jpf;Fkhd nrayfj;jpw;Fr; nrd; W fye; J iuahLfpd; w dh; . ,g; g puNjrq; f s; jkpoP o tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; fl; L ghl; b w; F s; ,Ug; g jdhy; mth; f spd; mDkjpapd; w pj; jpl;lq;fis nray;gLj;j Kbtjpy;iy. tPjpfs;> itj;jparhiyfs; kw;Wk; ghlrhiyfis mikf;f vz;zpAs;sij fye;Jiuahlypd; NghJ murhq;fk; njuptpf;Fk;. ePqf ; s; ,ij ,q;F> ,t;thW mikj;Jj; jhUq;fs;> mq;F mt;thW nra;a Ntz;lhk; Nghd;w MNyhridfisj; jkpoP o tpLjiyg; Gypfs; toq; F thh; f s; . mjw; F murhq; f k; ,zf; f k; njuptpf; F k; re; j h; g ; g q; f SKs; s d. rk; k jpf; f hj re;jh;g;gq;fSk; cz;L. fye;Jiuahlypd; gpd;dh; kPs;fl;Lkhdg; gzpfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk;. ,e;ehl;L kf; f Sk; tlfpof; F kf; f SNk ,jd; %ykhf gadilthh;fs; vd;w fhuzj;jpdhy; ,t;thwhd Ntiyj;jpl;lq;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLtJ kpfTk; Kf; f pakhd Xh; tplakhff; fUjg; g Lfpd; w J. Rje;jpuj;jpw;Fg; gpd;dh; ,g;gpuNjrq;fs; Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sijAk;> NghUf;Fg; gpd;dh; moptile; J s; s ijAk; kw; W k; ,g; g puNjrq; f s; kP z ; L k; fl;bnaOg;gg;gl Ntz;ba Njit cs;snjd;gijAk;> murpay; fUj;J NtWg;ghLfs; nfhz;l tlf; F kw; W k; njw; F tho; kf; f s; Vw; W nfhs;thh;fnsd ehd; ek;GfpNwd;. 5

Xh; murpay; jPhT ;

,ij Xh; murpay; Kuz; g hL my; y J gpur;ridahf ehk; fUJtjdhy; ,jw;F Xh; murpay; jP h ; N t Njitgg; L fpd; w J. mjhtJ ,e; e hl; b y; ntt;NtW r%fq;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. Rje;jpuk; ngw;w gpd;dh; ,e;ehl;by; XusT [dehaf <LghL kw;Wk; NjHjy;fs; ,lk;ngWk; mNjNtis rpy rpWghd;ikapdhpd; tplaq;fs;> Njitfs; Fwpj;J myl;rpakhfNt ,Ue;Js;sdh;. ,t;tyl;rpakhdJ murpay; KiwapNyNa jq;fpAs;sJ. mjhtJ vt;thW kf;fs; thf;Ffis Nfl;fpd;wdh;> vt;thW mth;fs; Rdhkp kP s ; f l; L khdk; njupT nra; a g; g Lfpd; w dh; > kw; W k; njupT Rdhkpf; F g; gpd; d uhd nraw; g hl; L nra; a g; g l; l gpd; d h; murhq; f j; j py; ,y; y hjKfhikj; J tf; fl; l ikg; G xg; g e; j k; vdg;gLk; th;fSila Njitfis kw;Wk; mf;fiwfisAk; nghJf; f l; l ikg; g hdJ kP s ; f l; L khdf; vt;thW Gwf;fzpf;fpwhh;fs; vd;gjhFk;. Kf;fpakhf fye; J iuahlypw; F k; murpay; j ; jP h Tf; Fkhd Xh; tlfpof; f py; thOk; jkpoh; f Sf; F mikr; R fs; Kf; f pa ghykhf mikAnkd> [dhjpgjpAk; > toq;fg;gLtJ kpfTk; mupJ. mj;Jld; murpd; murhq; f Kk; vjpu; g hh; j ; j dh; . Rdhkp kP s ; f l; L khdg; Kf; f pakhd tplaq; f s; my; y J gzpfspy; jq; f sJ ftdj; i jr; epfo;Tfspy; Kd;dplk; nfhLf;fg;nrYj;jpaikf;fhd fhuzk; rfyUk; gLtjpy;iy. mth;fsJ gpuNjrk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf;$ba XU tifahd tuyhW njhl;Lg; Gwfzpf;fg;gl;L Rje;jpuk; ngw;w cld;ghl;bw;f;F ,yFtpy; tuyhk; te;Js;sJ. Nghu; Muk;gpj;j gpd;dh; vd;gNj jtpu NghUf;F gpd;duhd gpd; d h; ,e; e hl; b y; xU tpj murpay; jP h ; n thd; W kPsf ; l;Lkhdg; gzpfis Gwf;fzpg;mtrpankd kf; f s; ,zf; f k; XusT [dehaf gjw; f hf my; y . ,dhP j pahd njuptpj; j dh; . ,e; e piyiag; cld; g bf; i ffisr; nraw; g Lj; <LghL kw; W k; nghWj; j kl; b y; [dhjpgjp jhky; ,Ug; g jw; f hfNt ,jw; F f; FkhuJq;f mth;fs; KOikahfTk; NjHjy;fs; $ba ftdk; nrYj; j g; g l; l J. Mh; t j; J lDk; ,g; g zpapy; Rdhkp rpq; f sNkh> jkpNoh my;yJ ,lk; n gWk; <Lgl; l hh; . mj; J ld; ,dg; K]; y N P kh vdg; ghugl; rk; ghu;ff ; hJ gpur;ridf;F rk\;bj; jPh;Tf;fhd mNjNtis rpy rfyiuANk rkkhfg; ghjpj; j J. Mjuit ngw flikahw; w pdhh; . mjdhy; rfyUf; F k; nghJthd rpWghd; i kapdhpd; If; f pa Njrpaf; fl; r pAk; xU tplaq;fshd njhopy; tha;g;Gfs;> tifahd rk\; b j; jP h ; n thd; W tplaq;fs;> tPLfs;> Rfhjhuk;> fy;tp Nghd;w gy Kf; f pak; vd; g jpy; ek; g pf; i f tplaq; f s; rk; g e; j khd Njitfs; Fwpj; J itj;Js;sJ vd ehd; fUJfpd;Nwd;. fye; J iuahliy Nkw; n fhs; s fhyq; f hykhf gyh; rk\; b Na myl;rpakhfNt toptFj; j J. mijtpLj; J ‘ eP vdf;F ,aw;ifahd jPh;thf fUJfpd;wdh;. vd; d nra; j ha; ’ > ‘ vd; D ila ,Ue; J s; s dh; . vdpDk; rpyh; rk\;b murhq;fkh jfg; g idAk; ghl; l dhiuAk; my;yJ xw;iwahl;rp murhq;fkh nfhd; w ha; ’ my; y J ‘ ehd; vd kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; tpthjpj;jgb cd; D ila ghl; l dhiuf; cs;sdh;. ,t;thwhd Njitaw;w rpf;fy;fisj; jtph;j;J eil KiwapYs;s tYthd nfhd;Nwd;’ vd;gtw;iw Muha my;y. ‘,g;gzpfis mjpfhuq;fspy; ftdj;ij nrYj;JtNj Kf;fpankd Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;y vt;thW ehq;fs; xd;Wgl;Lr; ehd; fUJfpd; N wd; . ,JNthh; NkNyhl; l khd nraw;glyhk;’ vd;gJ gw;wpNa ,J Muha;e;jJ. tpthjkhf mike;J tplhJ> ,g;gpur;ridiaj; Ju; m jpu; \ ; l trkhf ,t; T ld; g bf; i fapd; rpy jPh;f;fj; Njitahd mjpfhuq;fs; vd;d vd;gjidg; \uj;Jfs; cah; ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; jw;fhypfkhfNt gw;wpa Nfs;tpfs; vOg;gg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; epWj; j p itf; f g; g l; L s; s d. brk; g h; 12> 2005y; rfy r%fq;fisAk; xw;Wikahf tho top tFf;Fk; thjpfs; gpujpthjpfspd; thjj;ij Muha;e;j gpd;dh; mNjNtis murhq; f k; mr; r %fq; f spd; cah; ePjpkd;wkhdJ kdij khw;wp ,Wjp jPh;it NjitiaAk; rpf;fy;fisAk; jPhj ; J ; itj;jy; mtrpak;. rhjfkhf mspf;Fk; vd vjph;ghh;g;Nghk;. ,t;thwhd mjpfhug; gutyhf;fkhdJ XU r%fKk; ve;jf; fl;rp my;yJ ahh; Ml;rpf;F te;j NghjpYk;> Gwfzpf;fg;glhJ ,Uj;jy;;> mth;fSila Kf;fpa vjph; fhyj; j py; vd; d ele; j hYk; > Rdhkp Nfhupf;iffis myl;rpak; nra;ahJ ,Uj;jy;> kw;Wk; kP s ; f l; L khdj; i jAk; NghUf; F g; gpd; d uhd mt; t hW myl; r pak; nra; a eltbf; i ffs; kPs;fl;Lkhdj;ijAk; rkhjhd eltbf;iffSld; vLf; f g; g Lkhdhy; mij jil nra; j y; vt; t hW ,izg; g J vd; g ij Nahrpg; g Nj Nghd; w itfisNa Fwpf; F k; . jw; f hypf kw; W k; Kf; f pakhd tplakhf ehd; fUJfpd; N wd; . 6 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

epue; j uj; jP h ; T fs; rk; g e; j khd fye; J iuahly; fspdhy; murpay; jPh;T rk;ge;jkhfj; jw;nghOJ eilngWk; tpthjkhdJ epWj; j g; g l; L s; s J. vk;Kiwapyhd murpay;j; jPh;T> td;Kiwfisf; Fiwj; J > kdpj cupikfis tYT+l; b kw; W k; ehl; i lf; fl; b naOg; g cjTk; vd Nfs; t pnaOg; G tNj ,t; t pthjj; i j fle; J Kd; N dhf; f pr; nry; Y k; xNu topahFk; . eilKiwapy; ,r; n raw; g hl; i l Kd; n dLj; J nry; y top Kiwfis ,dq;fhzy; mtrpak;.

kPs;fl;Lkhd jpl;lkhdJ ,k;%d;W $WfisAk; nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,k; % d; W $WfSk; Kf; f pakhd Xh; tplaj; j py; fhyb vLj; J itf; f toptFf; f pd; w d. mjpfk; Kuz; g hL kw;Wk; rr;ruT mw;w ‘nkd;ikahd’ gFjp vd th; z pf; f g; g Lk; kP s ; f l; L khdk; kw; W k; ‘ fbdkhd ’ gFjp vd th; z pf; f g; g Lk; rkhjhdk; kw; W k; murpay; jPhT ; vd;gitNa ,it. jhq;fs; tpUk;ghj ve;jnthU eltbf;ifAk; xU rKjhaj;jpDs; jpzpf;f ,ayhJ vd;gJ Rdhkpf; F g; gpd; d uhd nraw; g hl; L Kfhikj;Jtf; fl;likg;gpy; ehq;fs; mtjhdpj;j Xh; tplakhFk;. Rdhkpf;Fg; gpd;duhd nraw;ghl;L Kfhikj;Jtf; fl;likg;G cld;gbf;if rk;ge;jkhd fye;Jiuahly; kw;Wk; Ngr;R thh;j;ijahdJ ek;gfkhd kw;Wk; ufrpakhd kl;lj;jpy; eilngw Ntz;ba epiy Vw; g l; l J. ,t; T ld; g bf; i ffs; rk; g e; j khfg; nghJthd fye; J iuahlypy; <LgLtJ kpfTk; fbdkhdNjhh; tplak;. cjhuzkhf> ,t; T ld; g bf; i f NtW r%fq; f spd; mf; f iwfisg; Gwf; f zpf; f tpy; i y vd; g ij tYg; g Lj; j K]; y P k ; r%fj;Jld; [dhjpgjp gy fye;Jiuahly;fis Nkw;nfhz;lhh;. mj;Jld; K]; y P k ; r%fkhdJ jq; f Sf; F g; ghjfkhd my; y J mrhjhuzkhd eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;tjpypUe;J Ntz; L khdhy; > jkpoP o tpLjiyg; GypfisAk; murhq; f j; i jAk; jil nra; a yhk; . Rdhkpf; F g; gpd; d uhd nraw;ghl;L Kfhikj;Jtf; fl;likg;G cld; g bf; i fahdJ Xh; ,izf; F k; cld; g bf; i fahFk; . mJ kP s ; fl;Lkhdj;ijAk; murpay;j; jPh;itAk; ,izf; f pd; w J. vjph; f hyj; j py; ,J Kd;Ndhf;fpr; nry;Ykh vd;gJ ehq;fs; mwpahj Xh; tplak;. ntWkNd ,ij Xh; rl;lj; jPh;khdkhff; fUjhJ ve;jf; fl;rp Ml; r pf; F te; j nghOjpYk; ,t; Tld; g bf; i fia eilKiwg; g Lj; j cah; eP j p kd; w khdJ ,lkspf; f Ntz;Lk;. •

ÂD∏¬ÁÔ
gpzk; Urpf;Fk; Nga;fSf;fpilNa epht ; hzkha; rpYitapy; miwagl;lts;> rl;b> ghid> ngl;b> RsFld; ehDk; gof;fg;gl;ljhapwW ; > jPlL ; > fw;G vd;NdhNl ,ize;jdtaha; Nga;fSf; fpilNa ehDk; vd; vjpHfhyKk; gof;fkhdjha; gof;fg;gLj;jg;gl;ljha; ,we;J thoj; jiyg;gl ek;gpfi ; f euk;Gfspy; vjphf ; hy epIq;fs; rk;gpujhar; rl;ilapy; khl;ba Kfq;fs; rl;il fpopj;J ntspNaWk; ehh; Nth;fis eRf;fyhk; Mzp Nth;fs; ehd; jhd; Msg; Gije;jNth; tpUl;rkha; NtUd;WNtd; vd;gij ePqf ; s; mwpej ; pUf;ftpyi ; y

lhf;lh; uhk; khzpf;fypq;fk;
Kd;dhs; [dhjpgjpapd; rpwg;G MNyhrfh;.
Fwpg;G: “ TAFREN > Rdhkpf; F g; gpd; d uhd nraw; g hl; L Kfhikj; J t fl; l ikg; G kw;Wk; rkhjhd eltbf;iffs; rk;ge;jkhd fye; j Nyhridapy; ” ; ,lk; n gw; w ciuapypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;l rpy gFjpfs;. ,yq;if kd;w fy;Y}hp Mf];l; 29> 2005.

fp. fiykfs;
ciof;Fk; khjh; rq;fk;> kl;lf;fsg;G

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

7

ºƒÆ Ø∑√kÏÔ”¬z ∂fiE ÷© √B ›Á>¬ ÁÔs¶ xœBVm...

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efu Kjy;tuhff; flikahw;wpaNghJ ePq;fs; ngw;w mDgtq;fs; vit?

Njh;jypy; fskpwq;Ftnjd;gJ kpfTk; ,yFthd tplak; vd epidj; j vdf; F g; gpd; d h; mjd; rpf;fiyAk; fbdj;ijAk; Ghpe;Jnfhs;s Kbe;jJ. cs; @ uhl; r pr; rigfSf; f hd Njh; j y; vd; g J kf; f spd; ehshe; j gpur; r idfNshL gpd; z pg; gpize;j xd;W. ehtyg;gpl;bf;Fg; Gjpjhf te;j vdf; F mq; F s; s th; f s; gw; w pa mwpKfk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Vw;fdNt murpay; <LghLk; ,y;iy. vdpDk; ehd; gpur; r hu eltbf; i ffisj; jpwikahfr; nra; N jd; . tP L tP l hfr; nrd; W kf;fSld; fijj;Njd;. me; j f; fhyfl; l j; j py; ehtyg; g pl; b murpay; hPjpahfg; ghhpa fytuq;fs; fhzg;gl;l ,lkhff; fhzg; g l; l J. KOehLk; mwpe; j tplaj; i jg; Gjpjhfj; njhptpf; f Ntz; b ajpy; i ynad ehd; epidf; f pd; N wd; . fle; j [dhjpgjpj; Njh; j ypy; mjpfsthd td;Kiwfs; ,lk;ngw;w gpuNjrkhf ehtyg; g pl; b iaf; Fwpg; g plyhk; . 1994y; ,Ue; J eilngw;w midj;Jj; Njh;jy;fspYk; vkJ fl;rp ehtyg; g pl; b j; njhFjpapy; Njhy; t paile; j J. vdpDk; ehd; njhFjp mikg; g hsuhf epakpf;fg;gl;ljd; gpd; rhpahf 10 Mz;Lfs; fope;j epiyapy; njhFjpapy; ntw;wpngw;Nwhk;.
xU ngz; vd;w tifapy; murpay; eltbf;iffspy; ePq;fs; vjph;nfhz;l rthy;fs; vit?

ep&gh fUzhuj;d efu Kjy;th; ehtyg;gpl;b

ehd; jdpahh; Jiwapy; njhopy; Ghpe;jNghJ vdJ njhopyhsh; xUthpd; murpay; eltbf;iff;F cjTk; tha;g;Gf; fpilj;jJ. mjd; %yk; murpaypy; Mh;tk; Vw; g l; l J. gpd; d h; vdJ fl; r papy; (I.Nj.f) yf;tzpj;jh Kd;dzpf;nfd jdpahdnjhU mjp cah; gPlk; mikf;fg;gl;lJ. 10 - 15 mq;fj;jth;fis cs; s lf; f pa ,g; g P l j; j pw; f ; F ehd; njhpT nra;ag;gl;Nld;. 2000Mk; Mz;by; ehL g+uhfTk; nrd; W fl; r pf; f huh; f isr; re; j pj; J yf; t zpj; j h Kd;dzpf;F typik Nrh;f;Fk; tha;g;Gf; fpilj;jJ. gpd; d h; 2001Mk; Mz; L If; f pa Njrpaf; fl; r p murhq;fk; mikj;jJ. vdJ je;ij ehtyg;gpl;bapy; murpay; eltbf;iffspy; <Lgl;likahy; 2002Mk; Mz; L cs; @ uhl; r pr; rigfSf; f hd Njh; j ypy; ehtyg;gpl;bapy; Nghl;bapLkhW vkJ jiyth; vd; d plk; Nfl; L f; n fhz; l hh; . ,jw; F Kd; d h; ehtyg;gpl;bapy; xU ,uhg;nghOijNaDk; fopf;fhj ehd; Njh;jypy; Nghl;bapl ehtyg;gpl;bf;F te;Njd;. mjpfsthd tpUg; G thf; F fisg; ngw; W efu Kjy; t uhFk; tha; g ; G f; fpilj; j J. mjidj; njhlh;e;J vdf;F 2004Mk; Mz;L ehtyg;gpl;bj; njhFjp mikg;ghsh; gjtpAk; fpilj;jJ. 8

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q; f sJ murpay; gpd;dzp ahJ?

gpuNtrj; j pw; f hd

vdf;F ,q;F tpNrlkhfj; njhptpf;f Ntz;ba tplaq;fs; rpy ,Uf;fpd;wd. ngUk;ghYk; ngz;fs; murpaypy; <LghL nfhs; S k; NghJ mth; f s; vjph;nfhs;s Ntz;ba gpur;ridfs;> jilfs; kw;Wk; gpd;dilTfs; gw;wpf; fijf;fpd;wdh;. vdpDk; xU ngz;zhfg; gy tplaq;fspy; ntw;wp <l;baij ehd; ,q;F Fwpg;gpl Ntz;Lk;. ehd; xU ngz;zhf ,Ug; g J kpfTk; gaDs; s jhfNt ,Uf; f pd; w J. ehtyg; g pl; b efu rigf; F hpa ,g; g puNjrj; j py; rpWghd;ik ,dkf;fs; mjpfkhf trpf;fpd;wdh;. ngUk; g hyhd ,]; y hkpah; f Sk; trpf; f pd; w dh; . Kd; d h; Nghd; w y; y hJ ,e; j ,]; y hkpag; ngz;fSf;F mth;fsJ ehshe;jg; gpur;ridfis vd; d plk; njhptpf; f Kbfpd; w J. mjw; f hd re; j h; g ; g Kk; cz; L . MndhUth; ,g; g jtpapy; ,Ue;jhy; ,];yhkpag; ngz;fSf;F mth;fSila Njitfs; fUjp ,q;F tu KbahJ. ,];yhkpa Mz; f s; mth; f Sila FLk; g q; f spd; jpdrhp 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

NjitfSf;fhf mth;fSila kidtpkhiu my;yJ gps;isfis efu rigf;F mDg;Gtij fhzKbAk;. ehtyg; g pl; b efurig Kd; n dhUNghJk; ,y;yhjstpy; ngz;fspd; njhif mjpfhpj;Js;sik ey;ynjhU tha;g;ghf mike;jJ. ,g;ngz;fSld; ,ize; J gzpahw; w f; fpilj; J s; s ik kfpo; r ; r paspf; f pd; w J. mNjNghd; W ngz; f shf ehq;fs; typikngw;W ,Ug;Nghkhdhy; kdpjh;fs; mjhtJ Mz; f s; mQ; R thh; f s; vd; g J vdJ mDgtk;. ngz;nzhUthpd; tirr;nrhy; Nfl;gJ Mz; f Sf; F moF ,y; i ynad mth; f s; $WtJz;L. mjdhy; vd;dplkpUe;J tirr;nrhy; Nfl;fhky; gzpahw;w mth;fs; Kaw;rpf;fpd;whh;fs;. ngz; f splk; tirNfl; g ij nfsutf; F iwT vdf;fUJk; Mz;fsplKk; r%fj;jplKk; epyTk; rpe;jidia ehd; vdf;F rhjfkhf;fpf; nfhz;L nray;gLfpd;Nwd;. ehd; ngz;zhf ,Ug;gjd; fhuzkhf NrW g+Rk; eltbf; i ffs; ghhpastpy; eilngWfpd; w d. cz; i kapy; ,J xU r%fg; gpur; r id. ngz; n zhUtUf; F NrWg+r midj; i jAk; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;. ehk; mjw;F risj;Jtpl;lhy; vk; k hy; ,e; j g; gazj; i j njhlu KbahJ. mt; t hwhd rk; g tq; f s; vkJ gazj; i j rPh;Fiyg;gjw;fhfNt ,lk; ngWfpd;wd. mJ Mz; murpaypd; xU topKiw. mth;fs; ,t;thwhd nray;fspdhy; ngz;iz nksdkhf;f KbAnkdr; rpe;jpf;fpd;whh;fs;. ehk; ,e;jj; je;jpNuhghaq;fis Kwpabf; f Ntz; L k; . kf; f s; ,f; f ijfis ek; G tjpy; i y. murpay; t hjpfs; jq; f s; gpur; r idfSf; F j; jP h ; T fhz KbAkh vd; g ij kl; L Nk mtjhdpg; g h; . mth; f Sf; F me; j ek;gpf;ifNa Njitg;gLfpwJ.
murpaypy; ngz; f spd; gpujpepjpj; J tj; i j mjpfhpg; g jw; f hf gw; w p ehq; f s; gyfhykhf nrayhw; w ptUfpd; N whk; . ,J Fwpj; j cq; f s; fUj;njd;d?

mjhtJ jpUkzkhd my;yJ ghuk;ghpaf; FLk;gg; ngz;fis epWj;jptpLthh;fs;. ,th;fs; rz;il rr;ruTfspypUe;Jk; NrWg+Rjy; Nghd;wtw;wpypUe;Jk; tpyfptpLth;. vdNt Mz;fs; jkf;Fr; rhjfkhFk; tifapy; tpUg;G thf;FfSf;fhd Nghuhl;lj;ijj; njhlh;thh;fs;.
epyTk; td;Kiwahd murpay; Kiwik gw;wpa cq;fs; fUj;J vd;d?

murpay; vdg; g LtJ vg; N ghJk; rdehaf g+h; t khdjhf ,Uf; f Ntz; L Nknahopa td;Kiwahdjhf ,Uf;ff;$lhJ. vdpDk; ngz; vd;w fhuzj;ij itj;J ehk; jaq;fpdhy; murpaw; Jiwapy; vk;khy; jhf;Fg;gpbf;f KbahJ. ehq;fs; ngz; f shdhYk; Mz; f isg; Nghy; typikAs;sth;fs; vd;gij ep&gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,y;yhtpl;lhy; r%fj;jpy; ngz;fs; gw;wp epyTk; rpe;jidfspy; khw;wNkw;glhJ. xUth; thf;nfhd;iw mspf;Fk;NghJ mjpy; tpUg;gKk; md;Gk; ,Uf;Fk;. jhk; ahUf;F thf;fspf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w jPhk ; hdj;ij vLj; j gpd; d h; ahh; vijr; nrhd; d hYk; vt; t sTjhd; NrW g+rpdhYk; mjpy; khw; w Nkw; g lhJ. jd; e k; g pf; i f ,Uf; F khdhy; jiyikj;Jtj;jpw;F ve;jj; jilAk; Vw;glhJ.
ngz; njhlh;gpy; r%fj;jpy; epyTk; goikthj rpe;jidfSk; fUj;Jf;fSk; cq;fs; murpay; tho;tpw;Fk; r%f tho;tpw;Fk; vj;jifa jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;JfpwJ?

,k;Kiw cs;@uhl;rpr; rigfSf;fhd Njh;jypy; ehtyg;gpl;bj; njhFjpapd; fPo; %d;W cs;@uhl;rp rigfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. midj;Jg; gl;bay;fspYk; xU ngz; tPjk; cs;slf;fpNdhk;. vdNt me;j %d; W gl; b aypYk; %d; W ngz; f s; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sdh;.
Ntl;ghsh; ngah;gg ; l;baypy; ngz;fspd; ngah;fs; Fiwtjpy; nry; t hf; F r; nrYj; J k; fhuzpfs; vit?

Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghy ehd; ,t;thwhd r%fg; gpur; r idfis tpj; j pahrkhf mtjhdpf; f pd; N wd; . ehd; Kjy; Kjyhf ehtyg;gpl;bf;F te;jNghJ midj;J ,lq;fSf;Fk; Nriyazpe; J nry; Y khW xUrpyH vd; i dg; gzpj;jdh;. vdpDk; mYtyfj;jpw;Fr; nry;Yk;NghJ kl;Lk; Nriy mzpe;j ehd; Vida ,lq;fSf;Fr; nry; Y k; N ghJ fhw; r l; i l mzpe; N jd; . vdJ MSifg; gpuNjrj;jpYs;sth;fSf;F ehd; Mw;Wk; Nrit Kf;fpaNk xopa vdJ cil Kf;fpaky;y. vdf; F j; jpUkzkhftpy; i y. ,jdhy; vd; D ila r%fg; gzpfspy; <Lgl vdf; F kpifahd Rje;jpuk; cz;L. vdJ jpUkzk; murpay; fhuzkhfj; jilg;gltpy;iy. mJ vdJ jdpg;gl;l KbT. jpUkzk; Kbj;Jf; FLk;gk; tPL gps;isfs; gw;wpa rpe;jidfisj; jiyapy; Rke;Jnfhz;L r%fg; gzpnra;tijtpl Rje;jpukhd rpf;fyw;w ,jaRj; j pAld; nrayhw; w vdf; F tha; g ; G ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd epidf;fpd;Nwd;. ehd; gpur;rhu eltbf;iffis Kbj;Js;Nsd;. vjph; f hyj; j py; ve; j khjphpahd mr; R Wj; j y; f s; epe;jidfs; te;jhYk; mij vjph;nfhs;tjw;fhd kdj;JzpT vd;dplk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mr; r kpd; w pj; jkJ murpay; tho; t py; Kd; N dwpr; nry; Y k; mg; n gz; ntw; w pngw Ntz;Lnkd ehq;fs; tho;j;JNthk;. •

ngUk; g hYk; fl; r papd; jiyikj; J tk; ,Wjpahff; fye;Jiuahbj; jahhpf;Fk; gl;bay; njhFjp mikg; g hshplk; ifaspf; f g; g Lk; . me;jg;gl;baypy; typikAk; Neh;ikAk; nfhz;l ngz; n zhUthpd; ngah; ,Uf; F khdhy; mikg; g hsh; f s; mijf; f z; L mQ; R tJz; L . mt;thwhdth;fs; Kd;Ndwpr; nry;thh;fnsd;gJk; mth;fSf;Fj; njhpAk;. vdNt mth;fs; Kjdpiy ngw;WtUthh;fs; vd;w mr;rk; fhuzkhf mth;fspd; ngah; f is mfw; w p ntw; w pngw Kbahjth; f is 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Ngl;b fz;ltH : Rkpf;fh ngNuuh
9

ngz;fs; Njrpa Mizf;FO ,yq;ifapy; ngz;fs; chpikfis cWjpg;gLj;Jk; xU epWtdg; nghwpKiw.
yq; i fapy; ngz; f s; mikg; G fs; Kd; i tj; j Nfhhpf; i ffs; > elj; j pa gpur;rhuq;fs; Mfpait XusT gadspj;Js;sd. ngz;fs; chpikfis ntd;nwLg;gijAk; mtw;iw tYg; g Lj; J tijAk; Nehf; f khff; nfhz; L Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l ,r; nray;thjj;jpd; gydhf rpy Kd;Ndw;wfukhd rl;l jpUj;jq;fs; epfo;e;Js;sd. 1995 Mk; Mz; L Fw; w tpay; rl; l j; j py; Fwpg; g plj; j f; f sT khw; w k; Vw; g Lj; j g; g l; l J. ghypay; njhe; j uT ,jdhy; xU Fw; w khf Mf; f g; g l; l J. ghypay; ty; Y wT njhlHghd jz;liz mjpfhpf;fg;gl;lJ. 16 taJf;Ff; Fiwe;j rpWkpfSld; clYwT nfhs; S jYk; ghypay; ty; Y wthff; fzpf; f g; g l; l J. jpUkzk; nra;tjw;fhd Mff; Fiwe;j tanjy;iy 12 ,ypUe;J 18 Mf khw;wg;gl;lJ. tPlL ; td;Kiwiaj; jLf;Fk; rl;lk; 2005 ,y; ghuhSkd;wpy; epiwNtwpaJ. ,t;thW rhjfkhd rl;lj;jpUj;jq;fs; epfo;e;j NghjpYk; ,d;Dk; nra;a Ntz;bait epiwaNt cs; s d. ,t; t hW nra; a g; g l Ntz; b aitapd; thpirapy; cs;sNj ngz;fs; Njrpa Mizf;FO xd;iw epWTjyhFk;. ngz;fSf;fhd Njrpa Mizf;FO xd;iw epWt Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nfhhpf;if 1990 fspypUe;Nj ngz;fs; mikg;Gfshy; murhq;fj;ij Nehf;fp Kd;itf;fg;gl;L te;jJ. ,jd; gadhf ngz; f s; Njrpaf; nfhkpl; b (National Committee on Women) vd;w xU mikg;ig murhq; f k; Njhw; W tpj; j NghJk; mJ ngz; f s; mikg; G fs; Nfhhpa mjpfhuq; f isNah> Rje;jpuj;ijNah nfhz;bUf;ftpy;iy. ngz;fs; tptfhu mikr; r pd; fP o ; ,aq; F fpd; w xU epWtdkhfNt mJ ,Ue;jJ; ,d;Dk; cs;sJ. vdNt jhd; ngz;fs; Mizf;FOit mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w ngz;fspd; Nfhhpf;if njhlHe;jJ. ,e; j Kaw; r pfspd; gadhf ngz; f s; Njrpa Mizf;FOit mikg;gjw;fhd xU rl;l %yk; jahhpg;gpy; cs;sJ. murpay; jiyaP l w; w Rje; j pukhd xU Mizf;FOthf> kdpj chpikfs; Mizf;FO Nghd;w xU epWtdkhf ,J mikAk;. 10

ngz; f sJ chpikfis Cf; F tpf; f Tk; > ghJfhf;fTk;> epiyepWj;Jtjw;Fkhd xU epWtdg; nghwpKiwahf ,e;j Mizf;FO mikAk;. ,yq;ifapy; ngz;fs; chpikfs; gw;wp gy;NtW rhrdq;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. mitahtd: m) ,yq;ifapd; ahg;gpy; cs;s rkj;Jtj;jpw;fhdJk; ghugl;rg;gLj;jy; ,d;ikf;Fkhd chpik. M) ahg; g py; cWjpaspf; f g; g l; L s; s ngz; f spd; mbg;gil chpikfs; ,) ,yq;ifapdhy; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l rHtNjr rhrdq;fspy; cs;s ngz;fs; chpikfs;.

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<) 1993 Mk; Mz;L cUthf;fg;gl;l ,yq;ifg; ngz; f s; rhrdj; j py; Fwpg; g plg; g l; L s; s chpikfs;. ,t; tifapy; Mizf;FOthdJ “chpikfs;” vd; w mbg; g iliaf; nfhz; b Uf; F k; . ,e; j Mizf;FO ehl;bYs;s ngz;fs; mikg;Gfis mq;ff P hpj;Jr; nraw;gLk;. Kiwg; g hLfis Vw; f Tk; mtw; i w tprhhpf; f Tkhd mjpfhuq;fisf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. mj;Jld; Njitg; g Lk; N ghJ nghUj; j khd epWtdq; f splkpUe;J mwpf;iffisf; Nfl;Lg; ngWk; chpikiaAk; Mizf;FOTf;F mspf;fg;gLk;. ngz;fs; Njrpa Mizf;FO vt;thW mika Ntz;Lk;; vj;jifa eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz; L k; vd; g J gw; w p ngz; f s; epWtdq; f s; jpl;ltl;lkhd fUj;Jfis Kd;itj;Js;sd. ngz; f s; Miz; f ; F Otpd; mjpfhuq; f spy; gpd;tUtd rpythFk;. ngz;fs; chpikfis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhd rfy eltbf;iffisAk; vLj;jy;. ,jw;fhd Ma;Tfis Nkw;nfhs;sy;. ngz; f s; chpikfs; njhlHghf rl; l q; f s; > nfhs;iffisf; fz;fhzpj;jy;. ngz; f s; chpikfs; njhlHghd rl; l q; f s; > nfhs;iffs; gw;wp murhq;fq;fSf;F MNyhrid toq;fy;. rHtNjr flg; g hLfSf; F mika murhq; f k; nraw;gLfpwjh vd;gijf; fz;fhzpj;jy;. ngz; f s; chpik njhlHghf tprhuizfis elj;Jjy;. nghJ

Mizf;FO gpuNjrf; fpisfisAk; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. ,g; gpuNjrf; fpisfs; %yk; ehl;bd; rfy gFjpfSlDk; njhlHigg; NgZtJ ,jd; Nehf;fkhFk;. ngz;fs; Mizf;FOTf;fhd rl;l%yk; jw;NghJ jahhpg;gpy; cs;sJ. ,J ntw;wpfukhf epiwNtwTk; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;glTk; NkYk; njhlHe;J gy Ntiyfs; nra; a Ntz; b As; s d. ngz; f s; mikg;Gfis ,e;jg; gzpAk; vjpHNehf;fpAs;sJ. •

rpj;uh
2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

SLWPD) fle;j Mz;by; tiyaikg;nghd;iwf; fl;bnaOg;gpaJ. gpujhd Clfq;fspD}lhf ,jw;fhd gpurhuq;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lNjhL njhiyf;fhl;rp thndhyp mwptpj;jy;fSk; tpLf;fg;gl;ld. 2006 [dthp 23Mk; jpfjp Nehh;Nt Vw;ghl;lhsh; vhpf; nrhy;`apk; mth;fspd; tUifia njhlh;eJ ; ,uz;lhk; fl;l rkhjhdg; gzpia (Peace Vigil) tTdpah efhpy; njhlu Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;Njhk;. vdpDk; [dthp 21Mk; jpfjp kd;dhhpy; Vw;gl;l rk;gtk; fhuzkhfj; Njhd;wpa ghJfhg;G epiyikfs; fhuzkhf mjid kPzL ; k; nfhOk;G ypg;ud; Rw;Wtl;lj;jpy; elhj;jj; jPh;khdpj;Njhk;. FUehfy;> Gj;jsk;> fz;b> nghydWit> mEuhjGuk;> Nffhiy kw;Wk; `k;ghe;Njhl;il Mfpa khtl;lq;fs; mlq;fyhd gy;NtW gFjpfspypUe;J te;j Rkhh; 300 ngz;fs; tpfhukhNjtp g+q;fhtpy; xd;WNrh;e;jdh;. mth;fs; ,yq;if muRf;Fk; vy; hp hp < ,dUf;Fk; rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rthh;ji ; jfs; M ; uk;gpf;ff; NfhhpAk; Aj;j epWj;j cld;gbf;ifiag; gyg;gLj;jf; NfhhpAk; tpfhukhNjtp g+q;fhtpypUe;J ypg;ud; Rw;Wtl;lk; tiu Ch;tykhfr; nrd;whh;fs;. Ch;tyj;jpd; epiwtpy; Gj;jsj;jpypUe;J tUifje;j gpu[h jphpa mikg;gpdhy; ,aw;wg;gl;l ‘rkhjhd rhe;jpr;rlq;F” vd;w tPjp ehlfk; muq;Nfw;wg;gl;lJ. mjidaLj;J Nehh;Nt J}juf mYtyfk; tiu Ch;tykhfr; nrd;w ,th;fs; epyTk; td;Kiwfis KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L tUtjw;fhfTk; rkhjhdj;ij kPz;Lk; Vw;gLj;jg; Ngr;Rthh;ji ; jfis Muk;gpj;J itg;gjpy; jiyapLkhWk; Nfhhp ngz;fspd; ifnahg;gq;fs; mlq;fpa kf[h; xd;iw nrhy;`a;k; mth;fsplk; ifaspj;jdh;. 11

rkhjhdj;jpw;fhd ngz;fspd; Kaw;rp
kJ ehl;by; rkhjhdj;ijAk; [dehafj;ijAk; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf mur rhh;gw;w kfsph; mikg;G vd;w tifapy; ehk; fle;j fhyj;jpy; ngz;fspd; gq;fspg;ig toq;fpapUf;fpd;Nwhk;. mj;NjhL ehl;bd; jw;Nghija epiyikiaf; fUj;jpy;nfhz;L muRf;Fk; vy; hp hp < ,dUf;Fk; kPz;Lk; rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rf;fis Muk;gpf;FkhW njhptpj;J ngz;fs;> njhlh;G Clfq;fSf;fhd $l;likg;gpdh; mlq;fyhd gy;NtW mur rhh;gw;w epWtdq;fSld; fd;dpah];jphpfs; kw;Wk; gpf;Fzpfspd; gq;Nfw;Gld; ‘rkhjhdj;jpw;Fk; [dehafj;jpw;Fkhd” ,yq;ifg; ngz;fspd; $l;L (Sri Lankan Women for Peace and Democracy 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

v

rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rthh;j;ijfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk; tiu ,r;rkhjhdg; gzpia Kd;ndLf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w ,yl;rpaj;Jld; ehk; nraw;gl;ljd; fhuzkhf ngg;uthp 01Mk; jpfjpapypUe;J njhlh;eJ ; xU khjk; tiu ez;gfy; 12.30 kzp njhlf;fk; gpw;gfy; 1.00 kzptiu vkJ rkhjhd ,af;fk; nray;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. mjw;fhf jpdrhp ehq;fs; gj;Jg; ngz;fs; tPjk; Kd;te;J ypg;ud; Rw;Wtl;lj;jpy; mwptpj;jy;fis Ve;jpathW nksd Mh;g;ghl;lnkhd;wpy; <Lgl Muk;gpj;Njhk;. mjd;gb ,r;rkhjhd ,af;fk; md;W njhlf;fk; fpoikapd; xt;nthU thu ehspYk; nfhOk;G kw;Wk; Vida gpuNjrq;fspd; rptpy; r%f mikg;Gf;fspd; nraw;ghl;lhsh;fsJ gq;Nfw;Gld; ngg;uthp 23Mk; jpfjp tiu Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;lJ.

‘Aj; j k; my; y rkhjhdk; ”
rkhjhdk; ,e;ehl;bd; Aj;jj;ij KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltu NjitAk; mtrpaKk; vd;gij epidT$h;e;j mNjNeuk; Ngr;Rthh;j;ijfis ntw;wpahf;fpf;nfhs;tjw;fhd tho;j;Jf;fSk; njhptpf;fg;gl;ld.

2006 ngg;uthp 20Mk; jpfjp es;spuT 1.30 kzpf;F ePh;nfhOk;G tPjpapy; fl;Lehaf;f tpkhd epiyaj;jpw;Fr; nry;Yk; tPjpapd; ,U gf;fq;fspYk; rkhjhd - thrfq;fis Ve;jpa ngz;fs; rkhjhdj;jpd; nghUl;L kPz;Lk; xU nra;jpiaf; nfhz;Lte;jhh;fs;. md;iwa jpdk; me;Neuj;jpy; n[dpth Nehf;fpg; gazkhftpUe;j mur kw;Wk; vy; hp hp < FOtpdUf;Fr; rkhjhdk; ,e;ehl;bd; Aj;jj;ij KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltu NjitAk; mtrpaKk; vd;gij epidT$h;e;j mNjNeuk; Ngr;Rthh;ji ; jfis ntw;wpahf;fpf;nfhs;tjw;fhd tho;jJ ; f;fSk; njhptpf;fg;gl;ld. md;iwa jpd rkhjhd thrfq;fspilNa njhdpg;nghUshf ‘Aj;jk; my;y rkhjhdk;”> ‘kuzk; my;y tho;T” mike;jpUe;jJ.•

njhFg;G - RNyhr;rdh nfhyk;gNf glq;fs; - [ae;jp FUcj;Jk;ghy

12

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Clfq;fis ngz;fs; gad;gLj;jg;NghtJ vg;NghJ?
zP h ; vd; w Fuypy; nra; j p thrpf; f Tk; > trPfukhd Kfj;Jld; epfo;r;rp elj;jTk;> fth;r;rpahd cliy fhl;rpg;gLj;jTk; ngz;fs; Clfq; f spy; gad; g l; L f; nfhz; b Ue; j fhyk; ,d;Dk; Kw;whf kiwe;Jtpltpy;iy. Clfq;fs;> fUj; J fis ngUk; rdj; j puSf; F r; nrhy; t jw; F “ngz;fis” Clfkhf;fpf; nfhz;l epiy kiwe;J tpltpy; i y. tpsk; g uq; f spYk; rhp rpdpkh nra;jpfspYk; rhp ngz;zpd; cliy Clfkhf;fp nrhy; y Ntz; b a nra; j pfis fUj; J f; f is ntspg; g Lj; J tJ xUGwk; > ngz; z pd; ,uz;lhk;gl;r epiyia gad;gLj;jp njhlh;e;Jk; FLk;gk;> r%fk; Mfpa myFfspy; ngz;fspd; ,Ug;ig ,uz;lhk;gl;r epiyahfNt jf;fitf;Fk; fUj;Jf;fis ngz;fs; %yNk ntspg;gLj;JtJ xUGwk;. (,d;iwa njhlh; ehlfq;fs;> gj;jphpiff; fijfs;> gj;jphpifr; nra;jp nrhy;Yk; Kiwik ,jw;F ey;y cjhuzq;fs;) ,tw;iwnay;yhk; ghh;ff ; pd;w NghJ> Clfq;fspy; gzpGhpa ngz; f s; njhlq; f papUe; j hYk; > Clfq;fisg; gad;gLj;Jk; MSikia ,d;Dk; ngz;fshy; gykhf;f Kbatpy;iy. Clfq;fNs njhlh;e;Jk; ngz;fisg; gad;gLj;jp tUfpd;wd. 2001Mk; Mz;by; vLf;fg;gl;l fzf;fpd;gb cynfq;Fk; Clfq;fspy; gzpGhpgth;fspy; ngz;fs; 38 % ,dh; vd ( IFJ ) rh; t Njr Clftpayhsh; rk; N ksdk; njhptpj; J s; s J. ,J njhlh; e ; J k; mjpfhpj;J tUfpd;wJ. ,yq; i fiag; nghWj; j stpy; Clfq; f spy; ngz;fspd; gpurd;dk; mjpfhpf;fj; njhlq;fpAs;sJ. MdhYk; KbntLf; f f; $ ba cah; gjtpfspy; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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ngz;Zld; njhlh;G ,Ue;jhy; NtW ngz;Zld; njhlh;G itj;jpUe;j “cwT itj;jpUe;j” vd;Wjhd; vOjg;gLk;. ,g; g b toptopahf Mz; f spd; vz; z j; j py; ,Ue; J cjakhd fUj; j hf; f q; f s; j hd; ,d; D k; gug;gg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. ekJ thndhypfspy; ,d;Dk; mjpfhiyapy; “ ey; y ngz; k zp … kpf ey; y ngz; k zp … “ rhkf; N fhop $Tk; N ghJ Kopf; f Zk; Nfhyk; NghlZk; ” vd; w ghly; xypgug; g g; g l; L f; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. ey;y ngz;kzp ,g;gb gy E}W Mz;LfSf;F Kw;gl;lfhy epiyikfspD}lhf kl; L Nk jP h ; k hdpf; f g; g l; L f; nfhz; b Uf; f pwhs; > ,d;iwa ajhh;j;jk; ,y;yhky;. ,tw; i wnay; y hk; ftdpj; J ntspg; g Lj; j ngz; f s; Clfq; f spy; gzpahw; w Ntz; L k; . Clfq;fis ngz;fs; vg;gbf; ifahs Ntz;Lk; vd; g ij jkJ Gj; j papy; ,Ue; J ntspf; n fhzu Ntz;Lk;. ,d;iwa ajhh;j;jj;jpy; ngz;fs; jkJ Neuj;jpy; Kf; f hy; t hrp gFjpia FLk; g j; j sj; i j tpl r%fj;jsj;jpNyNa nryT nra;fpd;wdh;. Ntiyf;F ntspapy; nry;fpd;wdh;. gps;isfSld; ghlrhiy> hpa+rd; vd nry;fpd;wdh;. r%fj;jsj;jpy; ,e;jg; ngz;fspd; ,aq;F rf;jp vj;jifaJ vd;gJk;> “ey;y ngz;” vd;w fUj;JUthf;fj;ij Nkw;nfhs;fpd;w NghJ r%fg; gq; f hw; w y; Fwpj; j MSikia kjpg;gpLtJk; Kf;fpakhdJ. “ngz;” vd;gjw;F “ FLk; g j; j sk; ” kl; L k; rhd; w y; y . ,j; j ifa fUj;JUthf;fq;fis vg;gb r%fj;Js; nfhz;Ltu KbAk; ? Clfq; f shy; j hd; KbAk; . vdNt Clfq;fis “ngz;fs;” ifahs Ntz;Lk;. fUj;J ntspg;ghl;Lf;Fk;> fUj;JUthf;fj;jpw;Fk; ghy;epiy rkj;Jt hPjpapy; rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. Clfq;fspy; gzpGhpAk; Clftpayhsh;fshd ngz;fs; kl;Lky;y; ntspapy; ,Ue;J Clfq;fis njhlh;G nfhz;L jk;ik ntspg;gLj;Jk; ngz;fSk;

,J tplaj;jpy; $ba ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;. fijfs; > fl; L iufs; > ftpijfs; > JZf; F fs; > ehlfq;fs;> nra;jpfs;> tptuzq;fs; vd fUj;Jf;fis ntspg;gLj;Jk;NghJ gy;yhapuk; kf;fs; kdq;fspy; ehk; tpijf; f g; N ghFk; tpijfshfNt mtw; i w nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. me;j tpijfs; vj;jifa kuq;fis cUthf; f ty; y d vd; w rpe; j idapD}Nljhd; mtw;iw nfhLf;f Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. ,it ntWk; nghOJNghf; f y; y . xt; n thU egiuAk; czh; r ; r pg; g Lj; j Tk; > rpe; j idg; g Lj; j Tk; > Clfq;fshy; KbAk;. mij ngz;fs; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. Clfq;fs; ntWk; nghOJNghf;F rhjdq;fs; vd;why;> Vd; muR jzpf;if nfhz;Ltu Ntz;Lk;? Vd; xOf;fr;rl;lf; Nfhit mKy;gg ; Lj;j Ntz; L k; ? ghhpa jhf; f j; i j Clfq; f s; Vw; g Lj; j ty; y d vd; g jhy; j hd; mit nra; a g; g Lfpd; w d. vdNt ,e; j jhf; f k; k pf; f Clfj;ij “ngz;fs;” gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; Clfk; “ ngz; f is ” gad; g Lj; j f; $lhJ. Clfj; i j ngz;fs; ifahs Ntz;Lk;. ngz;fis Clfk; ifahsf;$lhJ. Xt;nthU ngz;zpdJk; fUj;jpy; ntspg;gl;L> fz;zpy; njhpe;J> fhjpy; tpOe;J Clfq;f@lhf kf;fis nrd;wilAk; fUj;Jf;fspy; “ngz;” gw;wpa gbkk; vt; t hW ifahsg; g l; b Uf; f pwJ vd; g J rpe;jpj;J jpUj;JtJ Clfq;fspy; flikahw;Wk; ngz;fspd; jiyaha gzpahFk;. ghy; rkj;Jtk; mw; w Jk; > gytP d j; i j fl; b naOg; G tJk; > MSikf; F iwghl; i l cUthf; F k; czh; T f; Nfhyq; f is ,ay; g hf; F tJk; ,dk; fz; L fisag; g l Ntz; L k; . xU rpW JZf; F r; nra;jpapy;$l ngz;gw;wpa gbkk; ntWk; czh;rr ; pf; Ftpayhf ntspg;glhJ ghh;ff ; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jifa jd; D zh; T ld; ngz; f s; Clfq; f spy; Ntiy nra;jhy;jhd; Clfq;fis ngz;fs; ifahs;tJ rpj;jpf;Fk;. vdNt Clftpayhsh;fshf ,aq;Fk; ngz; f s; vg; N ghJ Clfq; f is ifahsg; Nghfpd;wdh;? gad;gLj;jg; Nghfpd;wdh;?•

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14

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

ehlff; fiyapD}lhf ngz;zpa ciuahly;fis cUthf;fy;
kl; l f; f sg; g py; fyhrhu epfo; T fspd; %ykhfr; nrayhw; W k; FOnthd; w d; eltbf; i ffis Mtzg; g Lj; j y; .

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jq; f Sila r%fq; f spy; fhzg; g Lk; rpy tpisahl; L fs; > fijfs; > kw; W k; ghuk; g upa rlq; F fspYs; s rpy cj; j pfisf; ifahz; L ehlfq;fis tha;nkhop %ykhf ,aw;Wfpd;wdh; vd;gij ,t;thf;fk; MuhAk;. Xh; ngz;zpa ciuahliy cUthf;f> ,f;FO gy tUlfhykhfg; gad;gLj;jpa cj;jpfs; ,U gpujhd $WfspNyNa jq;fpAs;sd. KjyhtJ ,f;FOtpd; mq;fj;jth;fspd; gpd;ddpAk; mDgtKkhFk;. ,jd; %ykhf jukhd r%fk; rhu;e;j fiyfshd ghl;L> ,ir> eldk; > tpisahl; L fs; > ehl; L f; $ j; J > ghuk; g upa tof; f q; f s; kw; W k; gonkhopfs; Nghd; w itfis toq; f yhk; . ,uz; l htjhf kf;fSf;F khw;W topf; fz;Nzhl;lkhf efu my;yJ fpuhk kl; l j; j py; vijNaDk; Kd; itf; f Ntz;Lkhapd; kf;fSf;F gof;fg;gl;l cj;jpfs;> nkhop kw;Wk; fijfs; Nghd;witfisf; nfhz;L nra; a yhk; vd; g J mth; f sJ jplkhd ek; g pf; i fahFk; . ,t; t ifapy; gof; f khd fiytbtq; f isAk; tpkHrd hP j pahd ciuahliyAk; ,idj;jy;. tha;nkhop %yk; ,yf;fpak; Mf;Fk; kuig cgNahfpj;jy;. kf; f spd; kuGtop gof; f tof; f q; f s; gw; w pa Mf; f q; f s; tha; n khop %ykhf ,af; f g; g l; L guk; g iu guk; g iuahf tha; n khop %ykhfNt Mz;fshYk;> ngz;fshYk; gug;gg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. 15

ng

Suriya Women's Development Centre

vdpDk; fl; L g; g hLfspdhYk; > Rje; j pukw; w epiyapdhYk; ngz;fs; ,ijj; jdpg;gl;l uPjpapy; mth;fsJ FLk;gq;fspYk; my;yJ ngz;fs; $Lk; tl;lhuq;fspYNk gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;. cjhuzkhf xg; g hup> jhyhl; L 4 vd; g tw; i wf; $ wyhk; . (jpUr;re;jpud; v];. 2001). fyhrhuf; nraw;ghl;Lf; FOtpdhy; epfo;j;jg;gl;l xg;ghup ngz;fSila tha; n khop %ykhd fiyg; ghuk; g upafiyg; GJg;gpj;jJ. kl;Lkd;wp fyhrhu kW;Wk; ,ay; ,ir> ehl;ba ehlf muq;Ffspd; tuyhw;wpYk; Xh; ,lj;ij jf;f itj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L nghJ ,yf;fpa ntspfSf;Fk; mij vLj;Jr; nrd;Ws;sJ. ‘kl;L efh; fz;zfpfs;’5 vd;w ehl;ba ehlfj;jpy; xg;ghup vd ,oT tPLfspy; ghlg;gLk; Jaug; ghly; tof; f j; i j ,g; n gz; f s; cgNahfpj; J s; s dh; . FLk;gj;jpy; xUtupd; ,og;ig vz;zp fjwpaOJ> cuj; J g; ghlg; g Lk; ,g; g hly; f s; > ghLgtupd; Jauj;ijAk; mjpfupj;J mq;F #oTs;sth;fspd; Jauj;ijAk; ntspf;nfhzh;fpd;wJ. kdjpy; milj; J itj; j pUf; F k; Jauj; i j ntspf;nfhzUk; cj;jpahf ,J ifahsg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e; e hl; b a ehlfj; j py; %d; W xg; g hupfs; ghlg; g Lfpd; w d. ,e; e hl; b a ehlfk; NkilNaw; w g; g l; l Muk; g fl; l q; f spy; rpy jlitfs; ghj; j puq; f is Vw; W ebj; j th; f Ns kdq; F ioe; J czu; t iyfspy; rpf; f pa re;jh;g;gq;fSk; cs;sd. ,og;G kw;Wk; Nrhfj;jpd; fhuzkhf mth;fspd; fz;fspy; ePh; tbe;NjhbaJ. Nghupdhy; FLk;gj;jpy; fzth; my;yJ kfid ,oe; j ngz; f spd; Jauj; i j vLj; J f; f hl; l ,e;ehl;ba ehlfq;fspy; xg;ghup gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. mj; J ld; tpjitg; ngz; f s; xJf; f p itf; f g; g Ls; s ikia vjpu; j ; J mth; f Sf; F r; r%fj;jpy; Gjpa nghWg;Gfis Vw;f xj;Jiog;G toq; f p MSikia mjpfupg; g J gw; w pa Xh; ciuahliy Vw;gLj;jpAk; nfhLj;Js;sJ.

fz;zfpapd; Mtpia Mw;Wk; ,e;ehl;by; ehd; mehijahf js;shLfpd;Nwd; vd;id ahh; Mw;Wthh;fs;? rpy ehlfq; f s; tha; n khop %ykhfNt cUthf; f g; g l; l d. kq; i f vdg; g Lk; Xh; njd; ,e; j pa ehlff; fiyQuhy; %d; W ehlfq; f s; ,af; f g; g l; l d. ‘ ghuKwp tpisahl; L ’ vd; w ehlfj; j pd; cUthf; f k; fP o ; f hZk; tpjj; j py; eilngw; w J. kq; i f ,g; n gz; f is jq; f Sf; F gof;fg;gl;l ghl;bd; nkl;il ghLk; gb $wpdhh;. mth; f Sk; ghuk; g upa fpuhk tpisahl; L fspy; xd;whd nfhk;GKwp tpisahl;bw;F7 ghlg;gLk; ghly;fspd; nkl;ilg; ghbdh;. ,k;nkl;L xypj;J nfhz; b Uf; f tP l ; L Ntiyfis nra; t jpy; fhzg; g Lk; ghy; u P j papyhd gpuptpidgw; w pa ciuahly; Muk;gkhfpwJ. ,jpy; gq;Fgw;wpath;fspy; rpyh; FLk; g q; f spy; eilngWk; ,t; t hwhd rk;gtq;fis ebj;Jf; fhl;bdh;. ,k;KiwahdJ nfhk;GKwp ghly; nkl;bd; thpfis cs;slf;fpa ehlfj;jpd; cUthf;fj;jpw;f;F toptFj;jJ. mjd; gpd;dNu ,e;ehlfj;jpd; vOj;Jtbtk; cUthdJ. rpj;uNyfh nksdFU $wpajhtJ> 'ngz;fs; vOj;J tbtj;jpYk; ghh;ff ; tha;nkhop %ykhfj; jq; f isj; jhq; f Ns ed; F ntspg; g Lj; J fpd; w dh; . tha; n khop %ykhf ghly; f is ,aw; W k; my; y J ehlfq; f is cUthf; F k; mth; f sJ jpwikfis vq; f shy; fhzf;$bajhfTs;sJ. rhjhuzkhf> ngz;fs; Mf; f q; f s; vjidAk; vOJtjpy; i y vdTk; mt; t hW vOJk; gl; r j; j py; mit Mz; vOj;jshu;fspd; Mf;fq;fspd; juj;jpw;F epfuhdjy;y vd;gJ tof;fkhd ngUk;ghd;ik tpkh;rfh;fspd; fUj; J . Mdhy; ngz; f Sila nkhopahdJ rf;jptha;e;jJ> fw;gid eakpf;fJ. gonkhopfis gad; g Lj; J thh; f s; > ,ir re; j q; f is cgNahfg; g Lj; ; J thh; f s; > gy gbkq; f is cs;slf;Fthh;fs;. Mdhy; Xu; ehlfj;jpid my;yJ ftpijia vOJkhW $wpdhy; > jaf; f j; J ld; Vw;fdNt ntspte;Js;s vOj;jhf;fq;fspd; ghzpapy; rpe;jpf;f njhlq;Ffpd;wdh;." njw; f hrpahit vLj; J Nehf; F Nthkhapd; vOj; j hf; f j; j pw; f ; f hd mq; f P f hukhdJ tuyhW nfhz; L ,d; W kl; L k; fy; t pj; j fikapYk; rhjpapYNk jq;fpAs;sJ. mj;Jld; ePz;l fhykhf fy; t pawpit ngw; W nfhs; S k; re; j h; g ; g k; ; rhjp Ngjj;jpdhy; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. mjdhy; vOj;J %ykhd fiyahf;fq;fspy; ngz;fspd; gq;fspg;G kpfTk; mhpjhfNt fhzg;gl;lJ. gpd;jq;fpa twpa ngz;fsJk; fPor ; hjpapdh; vdf; fUjg;gLNthupdJk; Mf;fq;fSf;F vt;tpj ,lKk; mspf;fg;gltpy;iy. jkpo; ngz; z pa vOj; j hf; f q; f s; 1980fspy; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ntsptuj; njhlq;fpd. mj;Jld; ehlfk; fiy kw; W k; NtW fiyahf; f q; f spy; ngz;fspd; gq;fspg;G 1990fspNyNa Muk;gkhdJ. 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

kidtpapd; xg; g hhp 6
tUkhdj;ij <l;bj;jUgtiuNa ehd; ,oe;J tpl;Nld; tUkhdkpd;wp ehd; fz;zh P ; tpLfpd;Nwd; fjwpaOfpd;Nwd; Vhpf;F mg;ghy; tiyfis tPrp (kPdth;fsha;) tho;eN ; jhk; tiyfis tPRgtupd; kPJ kuzk; mjd; tiyia tPrptpl;lJ jtW VJk; ,iof;fhJ cq;fSila cly; rpj;jputijf;Fs;shfpaJ rpiwf;F nrd;wha; ma;Nah vd; md;Ng vj;jidf; fuq;fspDhlhf eP nrd;wha;? ifjhfpAk; tpLtpf;fg;gl;Lk; MdhYk; eP nrd;Wtpl;lha; tpilNaJk; mspf;fhJ 16

nghJ ,l epfo; T fspy; ngz; f s; gq; N fw; g J fl; L g; g Lj; j g; g l; l J. vdpDk; ,J ngz; f s; vOj; j hf; f q; f is cUthf; f tpy; i y vd; W nghUs; g lhJ. tpj; j pahrkhd Xh; #o; e piyapy; mth;fs; jq;fSila r%fq;fspYk;> FLk;gq;fspYk; ,t; t hwhd Mf; f q; f is cUthf; F tjpYk; > cgNahfpg;gjpYk; <LgLfpd;wdh;. gy tUlfhykhf tha;nkhop %ykhd fiyahf;fq;fSf;fhd Kf;fpa gq; f spg; G fs; ,dq; f hzg; g l; L mq; f P f upf; f g; gl; L s; s NjhL ftdkhf Mtzg; g Lj; j g; g l; L Ks; s d. vdpDk; > ghy; uP j papyhd fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; fpuhkpa fiyf;F ngz;fspd; gq; f spg; g pidg; g w; w pa Ma; T mz; i kf; fhyq;fspNyNa eilngw;wd. nry;tp jpUr;re;jpud; kw; W k; rpj; u Nyfh nksdFU Nghd; w fw; w ngz;zpathjpfspd; ntspaPLfs; vOj;J kw;Wk; tha; n khop%ykhd ghuk; g upa vOj; j hf; f q; fSf; f hd ngz; f spd; gq; f spg; g pid Mtzg;gLj;Jtjw;F Jhz;bAs;sd. ghuk;gupa tha;nkhop %ykhd fiy mk;rq;fis muq; N fw; w pg; ghJfhg; g NjhL kl; L k; fyhrhur; Nraw; g hl; L f; FOtpd; gzpfs; epd; W tplhJ> ,tw; w pD}lhf ghy; u P j papyhd ghugl; r q; f s; njhlh;ghd tpkHrd Nehf;if Kd; itj;Js;sdh;. nghJ tpthjnkhd;iw Vw;gLj;JtjD}lhf ,f; FOthdJ ngz; f spd; ghuk; g upa tha; n khop %ykhd cUthf;fj;ijAk; muq;Nfw;wj;ijAk; mLj;j fl;lj;jpw;F vLj;J nry;fpd;wdJ. fhzg;gLk; fyhrhu rpd;dq;fisAk; rlq;FfisAk; gad;gLj;jy; ‘ kl; L efh; fz; z fpfs; ’ vd; w ehlfkhdJ gpurpj;jpngw;w fz;zfp fijiaNa gpujpgypf;fpd;wJ. gj; j pdp vdg; g Lk; fz; z fpapd; fijahdJ rpyg;gjpfhuk; vdg;gLk; Ik;ngUk; fhg;gpaq;fspy; xd;whFk;. mj;Jld; mJNthh; gpurpj;jpngw;w ehl;lhH fijAkhFk;. ,f;fhtpaj;jpy; fz;zfpapd; fztd; murpapd; rpyk; g pid jpUbtpl; l hd; vd; w Fw; w r; r hl; b d; ngaupy; murdpdhy; meP j pahff; nfhy; y g; g Lfpd; w hd; . ,jdhy; Mj; j puKk; mjph;r;rpAkile;j fz;zfp> jd;Dila fzth; Fw;wkw;wth; vd;gij murDf;F ep&gpj;J> ,jdhy; kJiuia mopj;J tpLNtd; vd rgjk; nrafpwhs;. jd;Dila Jauk; kw;Wk; Nfhgj;jpd; fhuzkhf kJiu efuj; i jAk; fpuhkq; f isAk; vupj; J tpLfpd;whs;. Xt;nthU tUlKk; Nk khj;jpy; kl;lf;fsg;gpy; fz; z fp my; y J gj; j pdp nja; t j; j pd; itgtk; eilngWfpd;wJ. ,j;jpUtpohtpd; ,Wjp ehsd;W> gj;jpdpj; nja;tj;jpd; Nfhgj;ij Mw;w mtspd; rpiyf;F ‘Fsph;j;jp’ itgtk; elhj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. ghy; > ,seP h ; > japh; Nghd; w tw; w pdhy; mts; ePuhl;lg;gLfpwhs;. ,f;Fsph;jj ; p itgtj;jpd; nghOJ gj;jpdpj; nja;tj;jpd; Nfhgj;ijf; Fiwf;f ghuk;gupa ghly; f Sk; ghlg; g Lfpd; w d. ‘ kl; L efh; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

fz; z fpfs; ’ ehlfj; j py; Fsph; j ; j p itgtKk; cs; s lf; f g; g l; L s; s J. tpjitg; ngz; f spd; Jauj; i jAk; Nfhgj; i jAk; Mw; w p r%fj; j py; jPz;lg;glhj ngz;fshf js;sp itg;gjpypUe;J jtph; j ; J khw; W topfisg; gw; w pAk; ,q; F NgRfpd;wdh;. Fsph;j;jpapy; ghlg;gLk; ghuk;gupa ghly;fspd; nkl;by; Gjpa ghly; thpfisf; Nfhh;jJ ; ngz;fSf;F ijupa%l;Lk; tifapy;> Gjpa njhopy; Muk;gpj;J> flikfis nghWg;Ngw;W rhjhuzkhf thOk; gb ghLfpd;wdh;. Aj; j #o; e piyapd; nghOJ xLf; F Kiwr; rf;jpfSf;nfjpuhf kf;fs; jq;fSila Mj;jpuj;ijAk; Jauj;ijAk; jz;bf;fglhky; ntspg;gLj;j fyhrhu itgtq;fSk; epfo;TfSk; Xh; ey;y re;ejh;g;gkhf mike; j J vd Kd; d h; eilg; n gw; w Ma; T fs; typAWj; J fpd; w d. 1990fspy; kl; l fsg; g pidg; gw;wpa vOj;Jf;fs; vd;w E}ypy; gl;uPrpah yhud;];> gf;jh;fs; kj;jpapy; Nghupd; kPJk; NghupLgth;fs; kPJk; ,Ue; j mth; f spd; Nfhgj; i jAk; Jauj; i jAk; ntspg; g Lj; j top tFf; F k; mjpfhuk; > mf; fhyfl; l j; j py; mk; k d; Nfhtpy; f spd; kj FUkhUf;Ff; fhzg;gl;lJ vdf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;. (yhud;]; 1995). Nghupdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l rKjhaq;fspy; thOk; ngz;fs; NtWg;gl;l ,d;dy;fSf;F Kfk; nfhLf;f Ntz; b a epiy Vw; g l; L s; s J. Xh; FLk; g mq;fj;jthpd; ,og;G my;yJ fhzhkw; NghtJ> my; y J rpj; j putijf; F l; g Lj; j g; g LtJ> my; y J fhuzkpd;wp ifJ nra;ag;gLtJ> my;yJ tYf; fl; l hakhfg; NghupLtjw; f hf Nrh; j ; J f; nfhs; s g; g LtJ Nghd; w epfo; T fs; ,q; F s; s ngz; f Sf; F g; Gjpjy; y . topgLk; kf; f Sf; F gof;fg;gl;l gj;jpdp nja;tj;jpd; fijapDhlhf FLk; g mq; f j; j thpd; ,og; g pdhy; Vw; g l; l Jauj;ijAk; Nfhgj;ijAk; ntspg;gLj;jTk; Aj;j #o;epiyapy; ,t;thwhd tplaq;fisg; NgRtjw;Fk; ,e;ehlfk; Xh; nraw;jpwd; kpf;f kw;Wk; ghJfg;ghd cj;jpahf nraw;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;ehlfkhdJ jdpNa czh; T fis ntspg; g Lj; J tjpy; khj; j puk; epd;WtplhJ tpjitg;ngz;fspd; mtyepiyfis gw;wpf; fLikahf tpkh;rpj;J ,e;epiyia khw;Wk; topKiwfis Muha;fpd;wJ. gof; f g; g l; l fij nrhy; Y k; Kiwfis gad;gLj;jy; tpy;Yg;ghl;L vd;gJ Xh; ePz;l mfy tpy;ypd; fapw;wpy; Xir vOg;Gk; (Nghj;jy; %bfs; Nghd;w) rpW fUtpfis fl;b> Xh; jbapd; %ykhf ,ir vOg; g p ghlg; g Lk; ghuk; g hpa ehl; L g; G w fiyahFk; . mNefkhd ngz; f spd; tUkhdk; cs; e hl; L cw; g j; j papNyNa jq; f papUg; g jdhy; > mth;fs; ,k;Kiwapyhd ghly;fisj; jq;fsJ ehlfq;fspy; gad;gLj;jp cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij vLj;Jf; $wTk; kl;lf;fsg;gpy; cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpj; Jiwia cau;j;Jtjw;f;Fk; 17

Kw; g Lfpd; w dh; . tpy; Y g; g hl; l hdJ Xh; eifr;Ritkpf;f Xh; fiy epfo;r;rp. fUj;njhd;iw njspthf vLj; J f; $Wtjw; f hf tpy; Y ghl; b y; jiyik tfpg; g th; f ; f pilapYk; Vida ghlfu; f Sf; f pilapYk; xt; n thU tplaKk; Nfypahf gupkhwg;gLk;. NtW gpuNjrq; f spYs; s rpe; j idfis gad;gLj;jy; Kjd; K iwahf gpNurpypy; Mf]; N lh Nghy; vd; g tuhy; cUthf; f g; g l; l tpthj kw; W k; fye;Jiuahly; ehlf Kiwfis fyhrhuf; FOTk; cgNahfg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. ‘fdfk;khtpd; fij’ vd;w mth; f spd; ehlfkhdJ fz; Z f; F Gydhfhj muq; f j; j py; eilngw; w J. mjhtJ ghu; i tahsh; f Sf; F njupahJ nghJ ,lj; j py; muq; N fwpa ehlfkhFk; . ,e; e hlfj; j py; gpujhd ebif nghJ kf;fs; $ba ,lj;jpy; mth;fspy; xUtuhf nrd;W mth;fspd; eltbf;iffis ,il epWj;Jfpwhs;. rfyUk; mwpe;j kdepiy ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;zhd fdfk;khtpd; fjhghj;jpuj;jpy; mth; ebf;fpwhh;. mt;Ntisapy; $bapUe;j [dq;fSf;Fs; XUtuhf ghrq;F nra;Ak; ,f;FOtpd; rf ebfh;fs; fdfk; k htpd; nray; f Sf; F vjph; j ; j hf; f q; f is nfhLg; g th; f s; Nghy ebj; j dh; . rpyh; mtis mq;fpUe;J ntspNaw;WkhW $wpdh;> rpyh; mtSf;fhf kdkpuq;fp fUiz fhl;bdh;> kw;Wk; rpyh; ,tspd; ,f; f jpf; f hd fhuzk; vd; d vd tpdhtpdh; . ,e;ehlfj;jpy; xU fl;lj;jpy; fdfk;khtpd; fijia Kd;te;J $bapUg;gth;fSf;F njspTgLj;JkhW miof;fpd;wdh;. mtSila tho;f;ifia gw;wpAk; Nghupdhy; mtSf; F Vw; g ; g l; l ,og; G fs; > Jd;gq;fs;> Jauq;fisg; gw;wpAk; kw;Wk; vt;thW r%fk; mtis js;sp itj;Jtpl;lJ vd;gijg; gw;wpAk; Ngr mtSf;F ntsp nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. ,t;thwhd ngz;fisj; js;sp itg;gjw;F vjpuhf Fuy; nfhLj;J mth;fisg; Gupe;J fUizAld; nraw;gLkhW $Wk; xU fye;Jiuahliy Vw;gLj;jp ehlfk; Kbtpw;Ff; nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ. KbTiu gpiofis tpkh; r pf; F k; kw; W k; fUj; i jj; njspTgLj;Jk; fye;Jiuahliy cUthf;Fk; Xh; rf; j ptha; e ; j Clfkhf ehlff; f iyahdJ nray;gLfpd;wJ. Clfq;fs;> nghJ tpthjq;fs; kw;Wk; murpay; eltbf;iffs; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;L mj; J ld; rl; l f; fl; l ikg; G fSk; ghJfhg; G k; jsh;jj ; g;gLk; Nghh;r; #o;epiyfspy;> ehlff;fiyNa ,t;thwhd fye;Jiuahliy Vw;gLj;jf;$ba xNu ntspahfr; nraw;g;gl;lJ. 1980fspd; ‘gaq;futhj fhyfl;lj;jpy;’9 rpq;fs ehlff; fiyiag; gw;wpa vOj;Jf;fs; vd;w E}ypy;> NtW ve;jnthU nghJ ,lj; j pNyh my; y J muq; f pNyh ntspg; g Lj; j Kbahj tplaq;fis> fye;JiuahLk; re;jh;gg ; j;ij ehlff; fiy Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jJ vd uQ;rdp xNgNrfu $Wfpwhh;. (XNgNrfu> 1999). 18

murpay; yhgq; f spdhNyh my; y J jiyaP L fshNyh rKjhaj; j pd; ghJfhg; g pw; F mr; R Wj; j y; Vw; g Lj; j hJ ehlff; f iyapD}lhf fyhrhur; nraw;ghl;Lf; FO r%fq;fSf;Fs; nrd;W Nrit nra; f pd; w J. rpy ghuJhukhd my; y J rpf;fyhd tplaq;fisg; gw;wpg; Ngr eifr;Rit> ghly;fs;> tpisahl;Lf;fs; kw;Wk; fijfisg; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;. ,f; fiyf;FOthdJ Nghu;r; #o;epiyfspy; khj;jpuk; jq;fsJ nraw;ghl;Lfis Nkw; n fhs; t jpy; i y. Mdhy; fyhrhu kw; W k; ghuk; g upa rk; g pujhaq; f shy; fl; L g; g l; L xLf; f g; g l; b Uf; F k; r%fq; f spYk; jq; f sJ Nritfis Nkw;nfhs;Sfpd;wdh;. ,f;FO fle;J te;j ghij> R%fkhdnjhd;wy;y. nghJ ,lq;fspy; fiy epfo;Tfspy; <LgLk; ngz;fshd> ,th;fsJ gzpfSf; F vjpuhfg; gyj; j fz; l dq; f Sk; vjph; G f; f Sk; fhzg; g l; l d. vdpDk; ,th; f s; gzpGupe;j r%fq;fspy; ngz;fis xOq;FgLj;jp> tYT+l;b> MOikia tsh;jJ ; r%fq;fspYk; nghJ ,lq; f spYk; nghWg; G f; f is Vw; f top rikj;Js;sdh;. mur mjpfhupfs;> kw;Wk; rKjhaj; jiyth; f Sld; fye; J iuahb jq; f Sila gzpfSf; F Mjuitj; jpul; L tjpy; ntw; w p fz; L s; s dh; . ghy; u P j papyhd rkj; J tk; kw; W k; ngz; f Sf; F vjpuhd td; K iwfs; gw; w pa fz; N zhl; l j; j py; ngz; f spYk; Mz; f spYk; khw; w j; i jf; fhzf; $ bajhfTs; s J. kl; l f; f sg; g pw; F s; S k; ntspaplq; f spYk; ,g;ngz;fs; Xh; ehlff; FOthf ,dq;fhzg;gl;Ls;sdh;. mjdhy; mth;fSila gzpfis Mtzg; g Lj; j p mth; f Sila Kaw; r pfis mq; f P f upg; g jdhy; ,f; F Otpd; Kd; N dw; w k; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLtNjhL ngz;zpaj; jpl;lKk; Kd;Ndw;wg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. Mjhuq;fs;
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in Eastern Sri Lanka, Roberts M., (ed), Sri Lanka Collective Identities Revisited, Volume 2, Marga Institute (Sri Lanka Centre for Developmental Studies) 1998.
nksdFU> rpj; u Nyfh> ‘khw; W f; f yhrhuKk; ngz; z pa muq; F k; ’ ngz; > njhFjp 5> ,y.4> #upah ngz; f s; mgptpUj;jp epiyak;> kl;lf;fsg;G> 2000.

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1. 2.

3.

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

filgpbj;jnghOjpYk; kl;lf;fsg;gpy; Iag;ghlhd Xh; r%f #o; e piyNa fhzg; g Lfpd; w J. ,it fyhrhur; nraw;ghl;Lf; ROtpd; gzpfspYk; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;Jf; $badthFk; . 4. FLk; g mq; f j; j th; xUthpd; capupog; g pdhy; ghuk; g upakhfg; ngz; f shy; ghlg; g Lk; Nrhf my; y J Jaug; ghly; xg;ghup vdg;gLk;. ,g;ghly;fs; guk;giu guk; g iuahff; ifkhwp tUfpd; w J. Xh; Foe; i jia epj;jpiuapy; Mo;j;jg; ghlg;gLk; ghly; jhyhl;lhFk;. kl; l f; f sg; g pd; fz; z fpfs; vd Neubahf nkhop ngau;f;fg;gl;lJ. fz;zfp tpjitiag; gpujpgypf;fpd;wJ. mjdhy; kl;lf;fsg;gpd; tpjitfs; vdTk; nfhs;syhk;. kl;L efh; fz;zfpfs; vd;w ehlfj;jpy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l nkhopngah; f ; f g; g l; l xg; g hup> nry; t p jpUr; r e; j pudpd; ngz; z pa ciuahly; f is CLflj; j y; : jhyhl; L kw; W k; Xg; g hupg gw; w pa Muha; r ; r p> 2001y; cs; s lf; f g; g l; l it.

7.

,t; t pisahl; L Nghl; b NghLk; ,U fpuhkq; f Sf; f pilapNyh my; y J [hjpfSf; f pilapNyh eP z ; l jb Nghd; w nfhk; g pd; ,U kUq; f pidAk; xt; n thUtUk; jq; f Sila gf; f k; ,Og; g jhFk; . ntw;wpngWNthupd; fpuhkk; my;yJ [hjpNa rpwe;jJ vdf; fUjg;gLk;. ,g;Nghl;bapd; nghOJ xUtupd; fpuhkj;ijg; Gfo;e;Jk; kw;wtupd; fpuhkj;ijj; Jhw;wpAk; ghly;fSk; ghlg;gLk;. rpj;uNyfh nksdFUTldhd jdpg;gl;l Ngl;b. kf; f s; tpLjiy Kd; d dp vdg; g l; l rpq; f s N[.tp.gp. ,af; f j; j pd; 1987k; ; 1991k; Mz; L fs; td; K iw vOr; r p kw; W k; mij xLf; f murpdhy; Nkw; n fhs; s g; g l; l nfh^ukhd mlf; F Kiw Nghd; w murpay; Fog; g epiyiaNa ‘ gP \ d fhya ’ vdg; g Lk; gaq; f uthj fhyfl; l khf fUJfpd; N whk; . •

8. 9.

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ahUk; Nfs;tp Nfl;f tpUk;gtpy;iy tof;Ffspw;Fk; mth;fs; jahhpy;iy vy;yh tw;wpw;Fk; ,irthf vy;yhUNk rhjhuzkhf epd;wpUe;jhh;fs; fz;zhbf; fjTfspd; cs;Ns tpfhuk; nespAk; kPirg; GiladJ gy;ypspg;G mjd; thilia mjd; mUtUg;ig ef;fpr; Ritj;jgb mth;fs; FOkpapUe;jhh;fs; vdJ Kiwf;F kPirg; Giladpd; fopitf; Fbf;fg; gzpf;fg;gl;Nld; vd; Kfk; Fdpa kWj;jNghJ vy;NyhUk; NfypAld; $tpdhh;fs;

mdhh;

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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njhiyf;fhl;rp ehlfq;fspy; ngz; ghj;jpur; rpj;jhpg;Gfs;
rpy fUj;Jf;fs;;

dpkh njhiyf; f hl; r p ehlfq; f s; vd;gtw;wpy; ngz; ghj;jpuq;fs; ,y;yhj fijNah> ehlfq; f Nsh rk; g tq; f Nsh ,y; i y nad;Nw Fwpg;gplyhk;. nghJthfr; rpdpkhf;fspYk; xspgug;ghFk; ehlfq;fspYk; ,lk;ngWk; ngz; ghj;jpuq;fs; vt;tsTJ}uk; me;jf; fijfNshLk; rk; g tq; f NshLk; njhlh; G k; nghUj; j g; g hLk; cs; s dthf mike; J s; s vd; g J ehk; rpe; j pf; f Ntz;bajhfNtAs;sJ. ,tw; w pd; jahhpg; g hsh; f s; cz; i kapNyNa ngUe;njhifahd gzj;ij KjyPLnra;J ,dpa fhl; r pfs; > ghly; f s; eldq; f s; > ebfh; f s; > xg;gidfs;> tpsk;guq;fs; vdg;gy;NtW tifapy; jkJ jahhpg;Gfis Nghl;b kpf;f ,d;iwa #oypy; ntw; w pAld; ntspf; n fhzug; ngUk; gpuaj; j dg;gLfpd;wdh;. ‘gps;isahh; gpbf;fg;Ngha; Fuq;fhd fijNghy” gy ,yl; r paq; f isAk; nfhs; i ffisAk; gy K];jPGfSld; Muk;gj;jpy; kdjpw; fw;gidgw;wpf; nfhz;L njhlq;fpdhYk; mit Kw;Wg;ngWe;jWthapy; mj;jahhpg;Gfs; ‘gioa FUb fjitj; jpwtb” ghzpapNyNa Kbtile; J tpLfpd; w d. ngw; w fld; > nfhLj; j tl; b ahtw;iwANk fzf;Fg;ghh;j;J xU rhjhuz Mly;> ghly; > ghypay; cwTfs; > fhjy; fijfs; > rz;ilf;fhl;rpfs; Mfpatw;NwhL fth;r;rpahfg; gztUthia Nehf;fkhf;fpf; filrpapy; toikahd tpahghu Nehf; f khd jahhpg; G fshfNt khwptpLfpd; w d. gzk; Nrh; f ; F k; Nehf; f k; jiyJ}f; f Tk; Gjpa rpe; j idfs; GJg; g hzpfs; > fUj;jhok;nfhz;l fhl;rpfs; ahTk; Rf;FE}whfptpLfpd;wd. Gjpakhw;wq;fisf; fhzNtz;Lnkd;w jPtpuk; rhpe;JtpLfpd;wJ. filrpapy; kpQ;RtJ xNu tha; g ; g hlhd neQ; i rf; f psh; j ; J k; fpSfpSf; fhl; r pfSk; toikahd fijg; g hzpAldhd jahhpg;Gfs;jhd;. rKjhaj; i jg; Glk; N ghLk; fUj; j hok; k pf; f ey; y ftpd; fiyfis tsh; f ; f Ntz; L nkd; w 20

rp

MtYld; ciof; F k; jahhpg; g hsh; f isj; jl; b f; n fhLj; J tuNtw; F k; NtisapNyNa ,th; f Slila gilg; G fspy; ngz; ghj;jpuq;fisg;gw;wpa rpj;jphpg;Gfs; ajhh;j;jkhf mike; J s; s jh vd; w Nfs; t pia vOg; g pdhy; ,t; t pdhitj; njhlh; e ; J gy tpdhf; f s; Kl; b NkhJtijf; fhzyhk;. rpdpkhit xUGwk; itj; J tpl; L njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; xspgug;ghFk; mjhtJ rd;> uh[;> n[ah> tpN[ Mfpa rdy;fspd; %yk; vkJ ehl;by; xspgug;ghFk; ehlfq;fs; - kpf kpf ePz;l nkfh njhlh; ehlfq;fs; Kf;fpakhfg; ngz;fis Ntnwe;j tplaq; f spYk; <LghLnfhs; s d tplhky; fspg;Gld; nghOJNghf;Fk; tpUe;jhf mike;Js;s nkl;bxyp> mz;zhkiy> Mde;jk;> fPjhQ;ryp> rpjk; g u ufrpak; > Uj; u tP i z> kidtp> nry; t p> fztDf; f hf> nrhh; f ; f k; vdf; fth; r ; r pahd jiyg;GfSld; gy ehlfq;fs; muq;NfWfpd;wd. ,e; e hlfq; f s; jkpofj; j pNyNa jahhpf; f g; gLtjhy; Ngr;R nkhop> rpy gof;f tof;fq;fs;> FLk;g cwTfSf;Fs; vOk; rpf;fy;fs; vd;gd vkJ fyhrhuk; > gz; g hL vd; d gtw; w pypUe; J rpy khWghLfisf; nfhz;Ls;sd. ,j;jifa ehlfq;fs; ekJ ehl;by; jahhpf;fg;glhikapd; Fiwghl;il ,it NkTtNjhL vkJ kf;fSila uridf;Fj; jPdpahfpd;wNghjpYk; Ngr;R nkhop> #oy;> fyhrhuk; vd;gtw;wpd; Kuz;ghLfisAk; re;jpf;f Neh;fpd;wJ. ,it xUGwkpUf; f ,e; e hlfq; f spy; Njhd; W k; ngz;ghj;jpuq;fSila Nghf;Ffs; ,tw;iwg;ghh;jJ ; urpj;JkfpOk; Neah;fSf;F vj;jifa kdepiwit> vj;jifa mwpTtsh;r;rpia> ve;jsT MSikia tsh; f ; f Tk; Jdpr; r iyAk; jd; d k; g pf; i fiaAk; Vw; g Lj; j pf; nfhLf; f pd; w J vd; g Jjhd; ehk; Kd; i tf; F k; Nfs; t p. ngz; f Sila czh; T > ciog; G Ngrg; g Ltjpy; i y. ngz; z pd; czh;TfSf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;fg;gLtjpy;iy.

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

vj;jidjhd; ngz;fs; GJikNgrp fy;tpfw;W mwptpd; jsj;jpy; fhy;gjpj;J eilgapd;whYk;> vkJ r%fj; j py; kuGtopahff; Fl; i lapy; Cwpa kl;ilkhjphp ngz;fnsd;why; njhl;ljw;nfy;yhk; fz; z P h ; ngUf; F gth; f s; > fhkf; f poj; j pfs; > gae; j hq; n fhs; s pfs; > fth; r ; r pf; fd; d pfs; > xU tplaj;ijj; jpl;lkpl;Lr; nraw;gLj;j Kbahjth;fs; mlq;fpg; NghfNtz;bath;fs;> rhh;eN ; j tho;gth;fs; kw;iwath;fs; kPJvhpr;ry; nghwhik nfhz;lth;fs; vd;w fl;Lg;ngl;bj;jdkhd vz;zq;fs; ,d;Dk; Kw;WKOjhf khw;wkilatpy;iy. gz;ilf;fhyg; ngz;fspd; mlf;fk; xLf;fk;> mr;rk;> klk;> ehzk;> gaph; g ; G vd; w Fzq; f Sld; mike; j hy; j hd; xOq; f hd ngz; vd; w fUj; J mNefkhdtiu tpl;Ltpyfpa ghlhf ,y;iy. fy;yhdhYk; fztd;> fztNd fz;fz;l nja;tk; vd;gtw;wpw;Nf mOj;jk; nfhLf; f pd; w d. my; y hkYk; ,j; j ifa gz; G fNshL $ba ghj;jpuq;fisg; gilj;jhy;jhd; gyUk; ,itjhd; ajhh;j;jk; vd tuNtw; g h; vd; w jg; g hd mgpg; g puhaKk; ,d; D k; GiuNahbg; N gha; ,Uf; f pwJ. jahhpg;ghsh;fNs ngz;fnsd;why; ‘,g;gbj;jhd;” vd;w khjphpfis tbtikj; J cyhttpLk; gz;ilf; fhyg; ngz;fspd; ghpjhgKk; muq; N fWfpwJ. mlf;fk;> xLf;fk;> fk;gPukhd ngz;fisf; fhzNt mr;rk;> klk;> ehzk;> fpilg;gjpy;iy. fiy fiyf; f hf vd; w epiykhwp fiykf; f Sf; f hfNt vd; w fUj; N j Xq; f papUf; F k; ,t; N tisapNy fijNah> ftpijNah ehlfNkh> rpj;jpuNkh ve; j xU fiyg; g ilg; g hf ,Ug;gpDk; mjw;Fs; xU nra;jp mjhtJ kf;fis vOr;rpg;gLj;jp kdjpy; cz;ikahd czh;it xU rpe; j idf; fP w ; i w> mwpT tsh;r;rpia vw;gLj;jf;$bajhf cz; i kapd; jhprdj; i j

czh;j;Jtjhf> tho;it efh;j;jpr; nry; t jw; f hd ey; y czh; i t vw; g Lj; j f; $ bajhf mike; jpUe; j hy; j hd; me; j g; g ilg; G ntw; w pg; g ilg; g hff; nfhs; s KbAk;. kdjpy; ghhpa khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;jhtpl;lhYk; cs;sj;jpy; rpW mUl;Lzh;it Vw;gLj;jpdhNy NghJk;. mJNt fiyapd; rpwg;ghf ntw;wpg;gilg;ghff; nfhs;syhk;.

,e; j pa fyhrhuj; j pd; milahskhfg; nghl; i lAk; gaph;g;G vd;w Fzq;fSld; g+itAk; jhypiaAk; ngz;Zs; mike;jhy; jhd; xOq;fhd jpzpj; J my; y J fhkntwpapd; fUg;nghUshff; FLk;g cwTfSs; ngz; vd;w fUj;J tyk; t Uk; mbikahfj; j hd; mNefkhd tiu tpl;L ngz; i zg; g w; w pa gbkq; f is tpyfpa ghlhf ,y;iy. cUthf;f KbfpwNj jtpu epkph;e;j ed;dil Neh;nfhz;l ghh;itAk; fy;yhdhYk; fztNd jpkph;ej ; Qhdr; nrUf;NfhLk; rpwe;j fz;fd;l njatk; ,yl; r paq; f is Nehf; f p vd;gtw;wpf;Nf mOj;jk; eilNghLk; jd; d k; g pf; i fAk; Jzpr; r Yk; MSikAk; kpf; f nfhLf;fpd;wd. ngz; z pdj; i j milahsk; fhl;lj; jaq;Ffpd;wd. Mzhjpf;fj; j pd; mbtUbahfTk; > f\; l q; f Sf; F Kfk; nfhLf;f Kbahky; fz;zh P t ; pLk; mgiyfshfTk;> VkhspfshfTk; > fpzw; W j; j tisfshfTNk ngz;fisr; rpj;jhpg;gJ ifte;j fiyahfptpl;lJ. %f;Fk; KopAkhf ey;y Njhw;wg; nghypTldhd ngz;fis ebg;gjw;Fj; Njh;Tnra;Jk; myq;fhu cilfs; vopy;nfhQ;Rk; Nfhyq;fshfg; ngz;fis xg;gid nra;J ebf;f itj;jhYk; fijf;fUtpYk; rhl; r pr; rpj; j phpg; G f; f spYk; rpyNtisfspy; NrhilNgha; tpLfpd;wdh;. ngz;izg;gw;wpa gioa gbkq; f Sf; F mOj; j k; nfhLf; f g; g lg; g LfpwNjad;wpg; Gul;rpfukhd ghh;itiag; ngz;kPJ nghwpf;f tpUk;Gfpd;whh;fspy;iy.

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

21

mofpa fth; r ; r pfukhd ,sk; n gz; f isg; ghj; j puq; f shfj; njhpT nra; J ebg; N gh fiyj;JtNkh rpwpJk; ,y;yhky; Glitf;fil tpw;gidf; fhl;rpapy; Nriy cLj;jpa nghk;ikfis epWj;jpf; fhl;rpg;gLj;JtJNghy moifAk; eifel;L Nrhlid myq;fhuj;ijAk; ikakhf itj;Jg; ngz; ghj;jpuq;fis ehlfj;jpy; fhz;gpg;gJk; cz;L. Rw; w pr; R w; w p xNu tl; l j; J s; tyk; t Uk; ngz;ghj;jpuq;fisNa ghh;jJ ; ,ts;jhd; ,yl;rpag; ngz; vd kdk; kaq; F fpd; w dh; . ,jw; F cjhuzkhf ‘fztUf;fhf” vd;w rz; njhiyf; fhl;rpapy; xspgug;ghFk; ehlfj;ij - rf;jpapy; kW xspgug;ghtijf; Fwpg;gplyhk;. ,e;j ehlfj;jpy; ebg; n gd; g jw; N f ,lkpd; w pg; ghlrhiy khzth;fSila Nkil ehlfq;fisg; Nghd;w ghzpapy; cLg;Gk; trdq;fSNk fhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. rpy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; ngz;fSila Nghf;Ffs; Kw;Nghf;fhdit> MZf;Fr; rkj;Jtkhdit vd;w fUj;Jf;fisj; jhk; mDrhpj;J Kd;itg;gjhff; fUjpf;nfhz;L ajhh;j;j epiyf;Fr; rw;Wk; nghUj;jkpy;yhj tifapy; mjPjkhd rpy elj;ijfs;> fUj;Jf;fis ntspg;gLj;JtijAk; ehk; mtjhdpf;fyhk;. Mdhy; kpf mhpjhf nrhh;f;fk;> kidtp> nry;tp> ngz; Nghd;w ehlfq;fspy; ngz;fs; Ntiyj;jsq; f spy; cah; g jtpfspy; cs; s th; f shf rpj;jphpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpDk;> mtSf;Fg; Nghl;bahf xU MNzh> ngz;Nzh njhy;iy nfhLg;gjhfNth mts; gpur;ridfSf;F Kfk; nfhLf;f Kbahky; jpzWtijANk ikag; g Lj; J fpd; w d. vdpDk; Kw; N ghf; F r; rpe; j idAk; ngz; g w; w pa tpopg; G zh;itAk; nfhz;l rpy jahhpg;ghsh;fs; ngz; ghj;jpuq;fis Kd;khjphpfshf;fp> mth;fs; %yk; rpy gy rPhj ; pUj;jf; fUj;Jf;fisAk; Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;y Kaw; r pg; g ijAk; ehk; mtjhdpf; f f; $bajhf ,Ue;jhYk;> ,e;j ehlfj;jahhpg;Gf;fs; vd;gd xU $l;L Kaw;rp jahhpg;ghsh; rpwpJ Nrhh;eJ ; tpl;lhNyh Xa;e;Jtpl;lhNyh ahTk; jlk;khwptpLk;. mj;NjhL ehlfj;jpd; ntw;wpf;fhf ,tUld; $l ciog;NghUk; GJiktpUk; g pfshfg; Gjpa fUj; J f; f is Kd; n dLg; g ij Nehf; f khff; nfhz; l th; f shf ,Ug;gJ kpfkpf mtrpak;. f\;lg;gl;Lg; ngUk; Kaw;rp nra;J ey;y mofpa rpwg;ghd fhl;rpfis ntspf;nfhzh;e;jhYk; fUj;Jf;Nf Kjyplk; vd;w nfhs; i fia kwe; J tplf; $ lhJ. ,jpy; rhpahd rP h ; j pUj; j k; khw; w k; Vw; g lhtpbd; > ,Jjhd; jk; Kd; N d tphpe; J fplf; F k; Kw; W KOjhd cyfk; tho; t pay; vd ek; g papUf; F k; ngz; f Sf; F ngUe; J Nuhfk; ,ioj; j nfhLik jahhpg; g hsh;fisNa rhUk;. fl; G yf; f hl; r pahf mike; J s; s ehlfq; f s; mJTk; tP l ; L f; F s; N s mike; J s; s njhiyf; fhl;rpKd; jtk;fplf;Fk; ngz;fis - kpf Ntfkhf cw;rhfg;gLj;jp ey;y fUj;Jf;fis cUthf;ff;$ba rf;jpkpf;fJ Clfk; vd;gjpy; NtWfUj;JfSf;F ,lkpy;iy. vdNt ,e;j mUikahd tha;g;ig> 22

nghWg;Gld; rpy ey;y ehlfq;fis ngz;fSila Mw;wiy MSikia jpwd;fis jd;dk;gpf;ifia Kw;WKOjhf tsh;j;njLf;ff; $ba Mf;fq;fisj; jUtjpy; $ba mf;fiw fhz;gpg;gJ ekJ r%f tsh;r;rpf;F ey;y tha;g;ghf mikAk; vd;gjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy. •

gj;kh Nrhkfhe;jd;

tPlL ; j; jiyth;fs; mg;ghf;fNs

f huN Fk KJ ; p j e a jk

njhpe;J tbfl;b CiuNa Gul;b tWikapd; mjpAah; jifikiaf; fhl;b ngw;w rKh;j;jp ml;ilia fs;Sf;F tpw;W Fwl;iltpLk; tPl;Lj; jiyth; mg;ghf;fNs jkae;jp KJFkhuNf

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

ehL KOtjpYk; epidT$ug;gl;l kfsph; jpdk; - 2006
khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjp nld;khh;f;fpd; Nfhg;gd; N`fs; efhpy; eilngw;w khehl;by; N[h;kd; ,dj;jtuhd rNfhjhp f;Nyuh nrw;fpd; khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjpia midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdkhfg; gpufldg;gLj;JkhW gpNuuiznahd;iw Kd;itj;jhh;.mJ 1911 Mz;L khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjp epiwNtw;wg;gl;ljd; gpd; ,w;iwtiu mjhtJ 2006 khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjp cynfq;fpYKs;sth;fs; 96tJ midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdj;ij epidT$Wfpd;wdh;. ,yq;ifapy; ehk; ,j;jpdj;ij epidT$w Muk;gpj;J ,t;thz;Lld; 65 Mz;Lfs; g+h;j;jpahfpd;wd. khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjp midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdkhf gpurpj;jpngw;wpUj;jy; kw;Wk; ,jpy; ngz;fSf;F chpj;jhd gpur;ridfs; ngz; chpikfs; Mfpait njhlh;gpy; cyfk; KOtjpYk; fye;Jiuahly;fs; Njhd;Wjy; ngz;fshf ehk; ngw;w ntw;wpfis giwrhw;Wfpd;wd. midj; J yf kfsph; jpdj; i j epidT$Wk; Kfkhf khh; r ; khjk; KOtjpYk; ehl; b d; gy ghfq; f spy; $l; l q; f s; > fUj; j uq; F fs; > Mh;gg ; hl;lq;fs; vd;gd xOq;F nra;ag;gl;lNjhL nfhOk; G kw; W k; ntsp ,lq; f spy; eilngw; w mt;thwhd nraw;ghLfspy; rpy tUkhW>

1910

jpdnkhd; W vw; g hL nra; a g; g Lkhdhy; mJ gaDs;sjhftpUf;Fk; vd;gJ vkJ mgpg;gpuhak;. ngz; f Sk; njhlh; G Clfq; f Sf; f hd $l; l ikg; g pdUk; ,k; K iw kfsph; jpdj; i j epidT$Wk; Kfkhf kfsph; jpiug; g l tpohnthd;iw Vw;ghL nra;Js;sJ. ,ij khh;r; 20> 21> 22 Mfpa jpdq;fspy; nfhOk;G u\pa fyhrhu epiyaj; j py; elhj; j xOq; F fs; Nkw; n fhs; s g; gl;Ls;sd. mjpy; ,e;jpahtpy; rpwe;j jpiug;gl ,af; F dh; vdg; n gah; n gw; W s; s mgh; z h nrd; mth;fs; ,aw;wpa Gj;jk; Gjpa jpiug;glkhd 15 ghf;

nfhOk;G
,k; K iw mur kl;lj;jpy; kfsph; jpdf; nfhz;lhl;lq;fs; khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjp gz;lhuehaf;f Qhgfhh; j ; j rh; t Njr khehl; L kz; l gj; j py; mjpNkjF [dhjpgjp mth; f spd; jiyikapy; eilngw;wd. fLikahd ghJfhg;gpw;F kj;jpapy; mur mikr; r h; f Sk; mlq; f yhd cah; k l; l f; FOtpdeUf;F kl;Lk; tiuaiw nra;ag;gl;l xU kfsph; jpdj;ijNa vk;khy; fhzKbe;jJ. ehl;bd; Jd; g k; kw; W k; gy; N tW rthy; f Sf; F Kfk;nfhLf;Fk; fpuhkpag; ngz;fis kwe;J efUf;F khj;jpuk; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;l kfsph; jpdnkhd;iw nfhz;lhLtjhy; ,yq;ifg; ngz;fSf;F fpl;Lk; ed; i kfs; vd; d vd; g Jgw; w p Nahrpf; f Ntz; b As; s J. njhiyf; f hl; r p Nghd; w ,yj; j pudpay; Clfq; f spd; %yk; gfpuq; f miog; g pjo; tpLj; j pUe; j NghJk; ntspkhfhzq;fspypUe;J te;j Viog; ngz;fs; khel; L kz; l g thapypD}lhf cs; N snry; y mDkjpapd; w p ghijNahukhf epw; g ijAk; miog; g pjo; f NshL te; j xUrpyh; cs; N s nry;tijAk; mtjhdpj;j ehk; ,t;thwhdnjhU kfsph; jpdf; nfhz;lhl;lk; vjw;nfdr; rpe;jpj;Njhk;. Xh; muR vd; w tifapy; kfsph; jpdj; j py; fye;Jnfhs;s tpUk;Gk; efu-fpuhkpa> Vio-gzf;fhu ngz; f Sf; F fye; J nfhs; s f; $ba kfsph; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

mtdpA (15 Park Avenue) 2005 ,e;jpa jpiug;gl tpohtpy; rpwe; j jpiug; g lj; j pw; f hd tpUjpidj; jdjhf;fpf;nfhz;l kJu ge;jh;f;fh; mth;fspd; Ng[; 3 (Page 3)> 2003 rh;tNjr jpiug;gl tpohtpy; rpwe;j jpiug; g lkhfj; njhpTnra; a g; g l; l fgP d h Rkh; mth;fspd; fhNkh\; ghzp (Silent Water) kw;Wk; epf;fp xspg;gjpT nra;j mnkhpf;f jpiug;glkhd Nehh;j; fd; w p ( North Country ) Mfpa jpiug; g lq; f s; jpiuaplg; g lTs; s d. ,j; j piug; g l tpohit ,uz;L ,ytr fhl;rp Neuq;fspy; (gp.g 2.30 kw;Wk; khiy 6.00) elhj;j Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ,yq;ifapy; jha;khUk; Gjy;tpaUk; mikg;G midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdj;ij ,k;Kiw fl;Lehaf;f Rje;jpu th;jj ; f tya rNfhjhpfspd; gq;Nfw;Gld; 2006 khh;r; 12Mk; jpfjp epidT$He;jJ. ‘ngz;fSf;F Rje;jpukhfg; gazk; nra;tjw;Fs;s chpikia cWjpnra;Nthk;” vd;gJ ,jd; njhdpg;nghUshFk;. md;iwa jpdk; Rkhh; 800 Nghpd; gq;Nfw;Gld; jPth;j;jpfs; Vw;wg;gl;lNjhL tPjp ehlfq;fs; kw;Wk; ghjahj;jpiunahd;Wk; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;bUe;jJ. Rje; j pu th; j ; j f tyaj; j pYs; s ngz; njhopyhsh; f Sf; F ghypay; ty; Y wTfspd; w p nfsutkhf mth; f Sila gzpfisj; njhlu ,lkspf; F khW Ntz; L Nfhs; tpLf; f g; g l; l J. fl;Lehaf;f mthptj;j re;ijf;fUfpy; gpw;gfy; 6.00 kzpf;F Muk;gkhd ,g;ghjahj;jpiu ,uT 9.30 kzpastpy; fl;Lehaf;f ngz; njhopyhsh;fspd; ,y;yj;jpy; Kbtile;jJ. 23

,yq; i fg; ngz; f spd; chpikfis ntd;nwLg;gjw;Fk; tYt+l;Ltjw;Fkhd Njrpa kd;wk; ,k;Kiw kfsph; jpdj;ij epidT$Uk; Kfkhf 2006 khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjp gp.g 1.30 kzpf;F nfhOk; G ypg; u d; Rw; W tl; l j; j py; vjph; g ; G Mh;g;ghl;lnkhd;iw elj;jpaJ. eilngwTs;s cs; @ uhl; r p rigfSf; f hd Njh; j ypy; ngz; Ntl;ghsh;fs; rk;h;g;gpj;jpUe;j Ntl;GkDf;fSf;F re;jh;g;gk; toq;fg;glhikf;F vjph;g;Gj; njhptpf;Fk; tifapy; ,J xOq;F nra;ag;gl;bUe;jJ. ,jpy; gy;NtW kfsph; mikg;Gf;fisr; Nrh;e;j gpujpepjpfSk; Ntl; G kDj; j hf; f y; nra; a KbahJNghd rpy ngz;fSk; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. ,yq; i f kdp j chp i kfs; Mizf; F Otp d ; cs;ehl;by; ,lk;ngah;e;Js;sth;fSf;fhd Njrpa ghJfhg;Gk; ePz;lfhyj; jPh;Tk; gw;wpa nraw;jpl;lk; ,k;Kiw kfsph; jpdj;ij epidT$Uk; Kfkhf nghuis ehky; - khydp jpiuauq; f py; ngz; glg; g pbg; g hsh; f spd; Gifg; g lq; f s; mlq; f pa ,ytr Gifg;glf; fz;fhl;rp xd;iwAk; jpiug;gl tpohnthd;iwAk; Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jJ. ,J 2006 khh;r; 05Mk; jpfjp njhlf;fk; 08Mk; jpfjptiu eilngw;wNjhL ‘ j fyh; gh;gy;” (The Colour Purple) Ryq; f phpy; y p> ,e; j puh kw; W k; gud; Nghd; w jpiug;glq;fs; jpiuaplg;gl;ld. ngz;fs; epWtfKk;> ngz;fs; fy;tp kw;Wk; Muha; r ; r p epiyaKk; Nfhl; i l nghyp]; MSif gpuNjrj;jpYs;s nghyp]; e p i y a q ; f S k ; ,ize; J kfsph; jpdj; i j epidT$Uk; Kfkhf 2006 khh; r ; 08Mk; jpfjp Gwf; N fhl; i l jdpahh; g]; j hpg; g plj; j py; nghJf;$l;l ; nkhd;iwAk; ];hpf;fh; kw;Wk; gjhiffs; ,af; f nkhd; i wAk; elj; j papUe; j d. ngz; f s; td;KiwfSf;F cs;shf;fg;gLtijf; fz;bf;Fk; tifapYk; mth;fsJ typikf;F kjpg;gspf;Fk; KfkhfTk; ]; h pf; f h; f Sk; gjhijfSk; eph; k hzpf; f g; g l; b Ue; j d. $l; l j; j pd; jiyik ciuia gpujp nghyp]; kh mjpgh; jpU g+[pj;j [aRe;ju mth; f s; epfo; j ; j pa mNjNtis Nfhl; i l> Gwf; N fhl; i l> nfhk; g dpj; n jU Nghd; w rdneUf;fbahd gpuNjrq;fisAk; nfhOk;igr; Rw;wpAs;s gpuNjrq;fisAk; cs;slf;Fk; tifapy; gjhijfs; fhl;rpf;F itf;fg;gl;ld. Gwf;Nfhl;il g]; epiyaj; j pypUe; J gy gFjpfSf; F g; Nghf;Ftuj;jpy; <LgLk; Ng&e;Jfspy; ];hpf;fh;fSk; Gifj; j iyj; jilnra; A k; ]; h pf; f h; f Sk; xl;lg;gl;ld.

nra; A k; tifapy; ngUk; vz; z pf; i fapyhd rpq; f sk; > jkpo; > K]; y pk; rNfhju rNfhjhpfs; fye; J nfhz; l mNjrkak; gy; N tW Nghl; b epfo;r;rpfSk; xOq;F nra;ag;gl;bUe;jd. mtw;wpy; ngz; f Sf; f hd glNfhl; L k; Nghl; b Gj; j sk; fsg; g py; eilngw; w NjhL gyfhuk; jahhpf; F k; Nghl;b> Ngh\hf;FkpF czT Ntisnahd;iwj; jahh; nra;Ak; Nghl;b vd;gdTk; eilngw;wd.

fhyp
rtpa mgptpUj;jp mikg;Gk; rtpa kfsph; epWtdKk ; ,ize;J khh;r; 12Mk; jpfjp ehs; KOtJk; khj; j iw E}g; N g rtpa ngz; f s; njhopw;gapw;rp epiyaj;jpy; “jphpa fhe;jh gpurhjpdp” vd; w ngahpy; kfsph; jpdtpohit ,jpy; epidT$wpaJ. fhyp khtl; l j; j pYs; s kfsph; mikg;G gpujpepjpfSk; Rdhkpahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngUe;njhifahd ngz;fSk; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. “Rdhkp Nguiyfs; fhuzkhf ngz;fspd; tho;tpy;

,d;W midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdkhFk; ,dj;jhy;> kjj;jhy;> Fyj;jhy;> rhjpahy; NtWgl;bUe;jhYk; ehq;fs; ,e;ehl;bd; ngz;fNs. ngz;fSf;F vjpuhd td;KiwfSk; ,k;irfSk; ,r;r%f KiwikapDs; mth;fis ,iuahf;fpAs;sd. vdNt vkf;F ,d;W Rje;jpuk; Fwpj;J fijf;f KbAkh? rNfhjuh;fNs ngz;Zf;Fhpa kjpg;igAk; ghJfhg;igAk; mspAq;fs; mtspd; chpikfisg; NgZq;fs; - gpu[h jphpa mikg; G > ngz; f spd; Fuy;

Vw;gl;Ls;s neUf;fbfisAk; gpd;dilTfisAk; kP w p vOe; J epw; N ghk; ” vd; g J ,t; t pohtpd; njhdpg; n ghUshf mike; j pUe; j J. ,jd; N ghJ eilngw;w nraykh;tpy; ngz;fs; vjph;Nehf;Fk; gy;NtW gpur;ridfs;> rthy;fs; kw;Wk; vjph;fhy eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;tJ njhlh;ghd gy;NtW epfo;rr ; pj;jpl;lq;fs; gw;wpAk; fye;Jiuahlg;gl;lJ.

k`paq;fid
ghy; epiy mgptpUj;jp> kdpj chpikfs; nraw;ghl;L tiyaikg;G kw;Wk; gpj;njd;d kfsph; Kd;dzp ,ize;J midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdj; i j epidT$Uk; Kfkhf ghj ahj;jpiunahd;iwAk; nghJf;$l;l nkhd;iwAk; vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jd. “murpay; nraw;ghl;bDs; ngz;fspd; gpujpepjpj;Jtj;ij nray;gLj;J” vd;w njhdpg;nghUspy; 2006 khh;r; 11Mk; jpfjp Rkhh; 700 jkpo; rpq;fs K];ypk; ngz;fspd; gq;Nfw;Gld; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Gj;jsk;
gpu[h jphpa mikg;G vw;ghL nra;jpUe;j kfsph; jpd itgtk; 2006 khh; r ; 08Mk; jpfjp Gj; j sk; khtl;l nrayhsh; jpU vr; vk; n`uj;> Kd;dhs; ghuhSkd;w mq;fj;jth; ng];u]; ngNuuh Nkhp yhPd; ngNuuh kfsph; nraw;ghl;lhsh; rl;lj;juzp epky;fh ngh;zhe;J kw;Wk; FKjpdp rhKNty; MfpNahhpd; jiyikapy; Gj;jsk; efu kz;lgj;jpy; eilngw;wJ. ,jw;fhf gy;NtW ,dj;jth;fis gpujpepjpj;Jtk; 24

Me; j hcy; g j; j re; j papypUe; J Muk; g khd ghjahj;jpiu Me;jhcy;gj;j Njrpa ghlrhiyapy; epiwtile; j J. mjidj; n jhlh; e ; J mq; F nghJf;$l;lk; eilngw;wJ. mjd;NghJ ghlrhiy khzt khztpah; xU rpyUf; F r; Nrkpg; G fzf;FfSk; Muk;gpj;J itf;fg;gl;ld.

`k;ghe;Njhl;il
`k;ghe;Njhl;il UFZ fpuhkpa ngz;fs; mikg;G> fNdba cyf gy;fiyf;fof Nrit kw;Wk; ,d;Dk; rpy mikg;Gf;fSld; ,ize;J tPuf;fl;ba efhpy; kfsph; jpdj;ij epidT$Uk; tpohnthd;iw Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jJ. ngz;Zf;F vjpuhd td; K iwfs; kw; W k; Rdhkpahy; ghjpf; f g; g l; l ngz; f spd; chpikfs; mlq; f pa gjhijfs;> Rtnuhl;bfis Ve;jpagb tPufl;ba efhpy; Ch; t ynkhd; W ,lk; n gw; w J. mjidj; n jhlh; e ; J nghJf; $l; l nkhd; W k; eilngw; W s; s J. Rdhkp epthuz Nritfs; $l;lzpapd; xd;wpizg;ghsh; Rkpf;fh ngNuuh mth;fs; jiyik ciu epfo;j;jpdhh;.•

kl;lf;fyg;G #upah ngz;fs; mgptpUj;jp epiya mYtyfj;jpy; 10.00 kzpf;F ,uz;L epkpl nksd ,iwtzf;fj;Jld; nkOFth;j;jp Vw;wg;gl;lJ. ehl;by; rkhjhdKk; Rtpl;rKk; kyh;tNjhL fle;j Rdhkpg; Nguiyahy; khz; L Nghd gy caph;fSf;fhfTk;> ngz;fs; nfh^ukhd KiwApy; rpj; j putijf; F s; s hf; f g; g l; L nfhiy nra; a g; g l; l hh; f s; me; j caph; f Sf; f hfTk; gpuhj;jid nra;ag;gl;lJ.

- urpf;fh jPg;ghdp

mf;fiug;gw;W
ghjpg;Gw;w ngz;fs; muq;fkhdJ tUlhtUlk; rh;tNjr kfsph; jpd epfo;tpid nra;J tWfpd;wJ. ,e;j epfo;Tfspd; NghJ ngz;fis ikakhff; nfhz; l gpur; r idfs; chpikfs; gw; w pa tpopg; G zh; T fisAk; > ngz; f s; Kiwrhug; gapw; r pfspy; <LgLj; j p mth; f is mgptpUj; j p Nehf;Fld; gyg;gLj;jy; vd;gjw;fhd nraw;ghLfisAk; nra;J te;jJ. Mdhy; ,e;j tUl kfsph; jpd epfo; T 21.03.2006 md; W fNdba cyf gy;fiyf;fofj;Jf;fhd epWtdj;jpd; epjpAjtpAld; (WUSC) mf;fiug;gw;W MiyabNtk;G fyhr;rhu kz;lgj;jpy; eilngw;wJ. ,e;epfo;T> fre;j ehl;fs; fdtha;g; Nghf ntw;wp ehl;fs; Ntfkha; te;J tpz;izAk; njhLk; neQ;Ruk; ngw;W Kd;Ndwpa NghNthk; O%r;rha; ehnk vd;Dk; njhzpg; nghUspy; Muk;gkhd ,e;j kfsph; jpdj;jpy; fpuhk kl;lq;fspy; flikGh;j;j cj; j pNahfj; j h; f s; > fpuhk kl; l mq; f j; t h; f s; > ngz;fSf;fhf Ntiy nra;Jnfhz;L ,Uf;fpd;w nfsut mjpjpfs; nfsutpg;G Nghd;w epfo;TfSlDk; gy fiy epfo;rrpfSlDk; rh;tNjr kfsph; jpd epfo;Tfs; eilfnw;wJ. •

gpd;dh; 10.30 kzpf;F kl;lf;fsg;G efupd; 12 ,lq;fspy; 'rkhjhdkhd tPLk; ehLk; Ntz;Lk;” vd; w trdk; nghwpf; f g; g l; l gjhijfs; fl;lg;gl;lJ. ,uz;lhtJ epfo;thf 10.00 kzp njhlf;fk; 12.00 kzp tiu fhe;jp rpiyabapy; rkhjhdj;jpw;fhd gpuhj;jidNahL (nkOFth;j;jp Vw;wp) gy trdq;fs; nghwpf;fg;gl;l RNyhfq;fs; Ve;jp gpbf;fg;gl;lJ. mj;NjhL Jz;Lg;gpuRuKk; tpdpNahfpf;fg;gl;lJ. mj;Jld; ngz;Zk; MZk; rup epfh; vd;why; re;Njhr\k; vd;Wk; vkf;fd;Nwh vd;w trdk; nghwpf;fg;gl;l ];upf;fH thfdq;fspy; xl;lg;gl;lJ. %d;whtJ epfo;thf 15.03.2006 md;W gpw;gfy; 3.00 kzp mstpy; fpuhd; F sk; ghyh; g hlrhiyapd; Kd; g hf “fhw; N w rhl; r pahf vDk; ehlfk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

- khyjp kNdhfud;

kl;lf;fsg;G
,t;tUlk; rh;tNjr ngz;fs; jpdk; “ngz;fSk; rkhjhdKk” ; vd;w jiyg;gpy; nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ. ,jpy; KjyhtJ epfo; t hf 2006.03.08 md; W 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

k. guNk];tup
25

kd;dhh;
rh;tNjr kfsPh; jpdkhdJ cynfq;Fk; gq;Fdp khjk; 08k; jpfjp ntF Nfhyhfykhf nfhd;lhlg;gLfpd;wJ. mj;jpdj;jpid kd;dhh; khjh; mgptpUj;jp xd;wpak; xt;nthU tUlKk; ntF rpwg; g hf nfhz; l hb tUfpd; w J. mjd; mbg; g ilapy; 2006k; Md; L k; > kd; d hh; khjh; mgptpUj;jp xd;wpak; fz;fhl;rpAk;> tpw;gidAk;> epfo; t pid kd; d hh; efu kd; l gj; j py; gpuNjr

r%f Nkk; g hl; L epWtdk; > a+ vd; vr; rp Mh; (UNHCR) mfjpfs; Gdh;tho;T epiyak; (TRRO) ngz;fs; Njitfl;fhd epWtdk; (WIN) Nghd;w epWtdq;fs; mq;fk; tfpf;fpd;wd. ,f;FO aho; khtl;lj;jpy; ,lk;ngWk; ngz;fs; vjph;nfhs;Sk; ghy;epiy njhlh;ghd td;Kiwfis fz;fhzpj;J> juTfs; Nrkpj; J . ghjpf; f g; g l; l th; f is chpa ,lq; f Sf; F topfhl; L k; eltbf; i ffis Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpd;wJ. ,f; F Otpdhpd; nrayhf; f eltbf; i fNa> rHtNjr kfspH jpdj;ij xl;ba ,g; gy;epfo;T jply; epfo;r;rpahFk;. “ehk; njhlq;FNthk;” vd;w njhdpg;nghUis ,yf; f hf nfhz; L fpuhkpa kfsph; FOf; f is xUq;fpizj;J mth;fs; cw;gj;jpg; nghUl;fSf;F tpw;gid Cf;Ftpg;G kw;Wk; fz;fhl;rp epfo;Tfs;> td; K iw rk; g tq; f is jLf; F k; Ngr; R f; f s; > ehlfq; f s; Kjypatw; i w xOq; F gLj; j p xNu epfo;tpy; elj;jpa epfo;Nt ,k;kfsph; rq;fkk;> Xh; khWgl;l #oypy; ngz;fs;> rpWth;> ,isQh;>

nrayhsh; jpUkjp ];uhd;yp bnky; mth;fspd; jpwg;G tpoh itgtj;Jld; ntF rpwg;ghf nfhz;lhbaJ. fz;fhl;rpAk;> tpw;gidAk; Nehf;fk; ngz;fs; jq; f spd; Ra Kaw; r papdhy; > jhq; f s; cw; g j; j pg; nghUl;fis re;ijg;gLj;jYk;> ngz;fspd; MSik> jpwik> ,itfis ntspg;gLj;jYk;> ngz; f s; jq; f shy; cw; g j; j p nra; a g; g l; l gz; i zg; n ghUl; f s; > czT tiffs; > ijay; tiffs; > myq; f hug; nghU; f s; > Nghd; w it fz;fhl;rpf;Fk;> tpw;gidf;Fk; itf;fg;gl;ld. ngz;fspd; jpwik> Kd;Ndw;wk;> nrhe;jf;fhypy; epw;wy;> Ra rpe;jid. Nghd;wtw;iw ntspg;glj;j ,g;gb xU epfo;T epiwe;j ntw;wpiaj; je;jJ. •

- jpUkjp nIrp mupanul;dk;

aho;gg ; hzk;>
rh; t Njr kfsph; jpdj; i j Kd; d pl; L aho; g ; g hzk; > ghy; e piy mbg; g ilapyhd td;Kiwfl;F vjpuhf nraw;gLk; FOtpdh; 2006 khh;r; 25> 26Mk; jpfjpfspy; elj;jpa fpuhkpa kfsph; FOf;fs; rq;fkpf;Fk; gy; epfo;Tj;jply; epfo;r;rp : aho;. khtl;lj;jpy; ghy;epiy mbg;gilapyhd td; K iwfl; F vjpuhf nraw; g Ltjw; f hf mur rhh;gw;w epWtdq;fspy; mq;fj;jth;fisf; nfhz;l Xh; FO 2002Mk; Mz; b y; Muk; g pf; f g; g l; L nraw;gl;LtUfpd;wJ. ,f;FOtpy; kfsph; mgptpUj;jp epiyak;> aho;. kdpj Kd;Ndw;w eL epiyak; (JSAC) 26

KjpNahh; vd gyiuAk; ,t; t poh ehl; f spYk; ghlrhiy tpisahl; L ikjhdj; j py; mikf;fg;gl;bUe;j mth;fl;nfd xJf;fg;gl;bUe;j nfhl;by;fspy; fhzKbe;jJ. fpuhkpa ngz;fSf;F jFe;j topfhl;liyAk;> fld; trjpfisAk; toq;f rhjfkhf mike;j tq;fp epWtdq;fSk;> ,e;epfo;tpy; fye;Jnfhz;lJld; jj; j kJ epfo; r ; r p nraw; g hl; L j; jpl; l q; f isAk; tpsf;fp cjtpd. 25> 26Mk; jpfjp fhiyapypUe;J khiy tiu ,lk;ngw;w ,e;epfo;tpy; Vuhskhd kf; f s; fye; J gadile; j Jld; > ngz; f s; vjph;nfhs;Sk; td;Kiwf;fhd r%f fhuzpfisAk; Ngrg;gl;l tpsf;fq;fspD}lhf njhpe;Jnfhz;lik> epfo;tpd; ntw;wpahFk;. 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz; • nrhy; kfsp h; mgpt pUj;jp L epi yak;

Qhgfj;jpd; rpwN ; whil

rydkpy;yhj xUfw;rpiyiag; Nghyg; gLj;jpUf;fpd;Nwd;. vd;idr; Rw;wpYk; thh;j;ijfs; ©r;rpfisg;Nghyg; gwe;Jnfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

- th;[pdpah Ty;g; (Virginia Woolf)
kdr;rpijT Kw;wp mts; tha; %lhky; ehiye;J gfy; ,uTfs; njhlh;e;J Ngrpf;nfhz;NlapUe;jhs;. NgRk; rg;jk; Nfl;lNjad;wp vd;d NgRfpwhs; vd;W GhpaNtapy;iy. mtsJ ghi\ kdpjh;fs; fz;Lgpbf;fhj tprpj;jpukhd nkhopiag; Nghd;wpUe;jJ.

- ypNahdhh;L Ty;g; (Leonard Woolf) th;[pdpah Ty;gpd; fzth;
g; N ghJ th; [ pdpah Ty; g pw; F 59 taJ ele;Jnfhz;bUe;jJ. Mdhy; Njhw;wj;jpy; mts; mjpfk; %g;gile;jtisg; NghypUe;jhs;. yz;ld; efuj;jpd; gugug;ghd tPjpfis tpl;L tpyfp> gRikahd rrf;]; gFjpapy; rpy tUlq;fshfNt jq;fpapUe;jhs;. MdhYk; kdk; KOtJk; yz;ld; njUf;fisr; Rw;wp ele;Jnfhz;NlapUe;jJ. Rpy thuq;fSf;F Kd;ghf vOjp Kbf;fg;gl;l jdJ ehty; gw;wpa vz;zq;fs; fhiyapNy mtSf;Fs; xUtpjkhd kdr;Nrhh;it cUthf;fpd. Nki[apd; kPJ jhd; vOjp itj;Js;s me;jf; fbjj;ijj; jhNd xUKiw jpUk;g thrpj;Jg; ghh;jJ ; f;nfhz;lhs;. mJ mtsJ fzth; ypNahdhh; L Ty; g pw; F vOjg; g l; b Ue; j J. kpf mtrukhfTk; mbj; j y; jpUj;jy; nfhz;ljhfTkpUe;jJ mf;fbjk;. mjpy; th;[Pdpah jd; kdjpd; Moj;jpy; GijTw;wpUe;j vz;zq;fisg; gfph;eJ ; nfhz;bUe;jhs;. 'md;gpw;Fhpa ypNahdhh;L> vd;id ,j;jid tUlkhf ePq;fs; guhkhpj;J te;j Rikia ehd; Ghpe;Jnfhs;fpd;Nwd;. vdJ Neha; xUNghJk; jPuhjJ. ehd; mNjhL Nghuhb fisj;Jg; Ngha;tpl;Nld;. ,dpAk; vjph;j;Jr; rz;ilapl KbahJ. vd;id 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

m

Nehapd; tpUg;gj;jpw;F xg;gilj;Jtplg;NghfpNwd;. tho; ehs; KOtJk; ePq;fs; kpfg;nghWikahfTk; md; g hfTk; ele; J nfhz; B h; f s; . Neha; kl; L k; ,y;yhky; NghapUe;jhy; ek; tho;fi ; f kpf re;Njh\k; epuk;gpajhfNtapUe;jpUf;Fk;. cq;fs; re;Njh\Kk; epk;kjpAk; vd;dhy; njhlh;eJ ; rpjwbf;fg;gl;L te;jJ vdf;Fk; GhpfpwJ. ,dp mJ njhluhJ. Neha;ik nfhz; l ,Uth; re; N jh\khf tho KbahJ. vd; i dg; Ghpe; J nfhs; S q; f s; . ehd; tpil ngWfpd;Nwd;." fbjj;jpy;$l jhd; epidj;jij KOikahf vOj Kbahky; Ngha; t pl; l Nj vdj; jd; k P N j th;[d P pahtpw;F Mj;jpukhf te;jJ. mts; fbjj;ijf; fpopj;J vwpe;Jtplyhkh vd;W Nahrid nra;jhs;. rpy thuq;fSf;F Kd;ghf ,g;gbnahU fbjj;ij vOjp itj; J tpl; L ,utpy; ntspNawpg; N gha; Njhy; t pAw; w tshf eide; j gb tP L jpUk; g paJ epidtpw;F te;jJ. ,d;iwf;F mts; fbjj;ij mg;gbNa Nkirapy; itj; J tpl; L j; jdJ thf; f pq; ]; b f; i f vLj;Jf;nfhz;L tPl;bd; mUfhikapy; cs;s x]; 27

Mw; w pid Nehf; f p ele; J Nghfj; n jhlq; f pdhs; . Mw;wpy; ngUf;fk; mjpfkhf NtapUe;jJ. jdJ Nfhl; ghf;nfl;by; nghpa fw;fshf ehiye;ijg; nghWf;fpg; Nghl;Lf;nfhz;lhs;. gs;spr; rpWkpiag; Nghy fw; f isg; nghWf; F tJ rphpg; g hf te; j J. Nfhl; ghf;nfl; epiwa fw;fs; epuk;gpaJ. jdJ thf;fpq; ]; b f; i fj; J}f; f p vwpe; J tpl; L mts; XLk; jz;zPiuNa ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhs;. tho;f;if KOtJk; mtSf;F jz;zPhpd; kPJ tpNehjkhd gaKk; <h;gG ; k; ,Ue;Jnfhz;NlapUe;jJ. thdpy; cile; j Jz; L fisg; Nghy rpy Nkfq; f s; kpje; J nfhz; b Ue; j d. mts; ngU%r; R tpl; l gbNa cyifj; j d; fz; f shy; epug;gpf;nfhz;L Mw;wpy; jhtpf; Fjpj;jhs;. Nfhl; ghf;nfl;by; ,Ue;j fw;fs; mtis Mw;wpd; cs;Ns ,Oj;Jf; nfhz;L Ngha;fn ; fhz;bUe;jd. th;[d P pah Ty;g; vDk; ,Ugjhk; E}w;whz;bd; ,izaw;w ngz; vOj;jhshpd; fz;fs; ghrpNawpa jz;zh P pd; Clhf vijNah ghh;jJ ; f;nfhz;bUe;jd. Rthrf; Nfhsq;fs; Mw; w pd; Ntfj; i jj; jhs Kbahky; tpk;kpf;nfhz;bUe;jd. Kwpe;j kuf;fpisia mbj;Jr; nry; t J Nghy MW th; [ P d pah Ty; i g mbj; J ,Oj;Jr; nrd;Wnfhz;bUe;jJ. mts; tpuy;fs; jz; z P h py; vijNah vOJtJ Nghy mire; J nfhz;NlapUe;jd. ,Ugjhk; E}w; w hz; b d; etP d ,yf; f paj; j py; jdpj;Jtkhd ngz; Fuy; th;[pdpah Ty;g; xU ehtyhrphpia> fl;Liuahsh; vd;gNjhL rpwe;j ngz;zpay;thjpahfTk; mth; nray;gl;lhh;. th; [ P d pahtpd; fbjq; f Sk; kpFe; j ,yf; f paj; jukhdit. gy njhFjpfshf mit ntspahfpAs;sd. jdJ ftpj;Jtkhd vOj;jpw;Ff; fhuzkhfapUe;jJ th;[Pdpah Ty;gpd; vOj;Jf;fNs vd;fpwhh; Nfg;hpay; fhh;rpah khh;f; nt];. Mq;fpy ,yf;fpaj; Jiwapdh; th;[Pdpah Ty;ig fle;j 50 tUlkhf edNthil cj;jpia mwpKfk; nra;jth; vd;W ghlk; elj;jpf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. n[k;]; [ha;N]hL xg;gplj;jf;f khngUk; gilg;ghsp vd;W Gfohuk; #l;Lfpwhh; Nukz;l; nglh;nkd;. th;[d P pah Ty;g;gpd; fijfs; ngz;fSf;fhf cuj;j Fuypy; gpur; r huk; nra; g it my; y . khwhf ngz; f spd; me; j uq; f khd fdTfisAk; Vkhw; w q; f isAk; gpujpgypf; f f; $bait. mtuJ fijfspYk; fl; L iufspYk; Gwf; f zpf; f g; g l; l ngz; z pd; Fuiyf; Nfl; f KbfpwJ vd; f pwhh; ,rngy; Myz;Nl. ,j;jid ghuhl;Lf;fSf;Fk; ntspapy; th;[d P pah Ty;g;gpd; tho;Tk; kdg;Nghuhl;lKk; ,d;wsTk; ngz; vOj; j hsh; f s; gyUk; re; j pj; J tUk; gpur;ridfspd; mopahj rhl;rp NghypUg;gJjhd; mjd; rpwg;gk;rk;. th;[Pdpah Ty;g; 1882y; yz;ldpy; gpwe;jth;. N[k;]; [ha;]; lg;spd; efiug; gw;wpAk;> khh;ry; GU]; ghhP ] ; efuj; i jg; gw; w pAk; njhlh; e ; J jq; f s; 28

gilg;Gfs; KOtJk; vOjpte;jJ Nghy th;[d P pah Ty;gpd; gilg;G KOtJk; yz;ld; efuKk; mjd; njUf;fSk; gUtepiy khw;wq;fSk; Jy;ypakhfg; gjpT nra;ag;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. th;[d P pah Ty;g; ele;J nry;tjpy; kpfTk; tpUg;gKilath;. MfNt mth; yz;ldpd; rpd;dQ;rpW re;JfSf;Fs;$l ele;J miye;jpUf;fpwhh;. yz;ld; efuk; jdJ uj;jj;jpy; xU mZitg;Nghy Xbf; nfhz;bUg;gjhff; Fwpg;gpLk; th;[d P pahtpd; ehty;fs; yz;ld; efuf; fhl;rpfshy; epuk;gpAs;sd. Fwpg;ghf mtuJ gpurpj;jpngw;w ehtyhd kpr]; lhyNt (Mrs. Dalloway) ehty; KOtJk; yz;ldpy; cs;s Kf;fpa rpW ikjhdq;fSk; mq;F eilngWk; epfo;TfSNk tpthpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j ehty; edNthil cj;jpapy; vOjg;gl;ljhFk;. ehtypy; fjhehafpahf tUk; fpshhprh lhyNt tP l ; b y; elf;Fk; xU tpUe;jpw;fhf kyh;fs; thq;Ftjw;ff ; hfr; nry;tjpy; njhlq;Fk; me;ehty; mg;ngz;zpd; xU ehs; tho; i t tpghpf; f pd; w J. Mdhy; me; j xU ehSf;Fs; mtsJ tho;tpd; gy;NtW epidTfSk; epfo;TfSk; ntspg;gLfpd;wd. MfNt ,e;ehtiy [ha;]pd; AyprpaN]hL xg;gpLfpwhh;fs; tpkh;rfh;fs;. th;[Pdpah Ty;gpd; mg;gh ];Bgd; xU ,yf;fpa tpkh; r fh; . mtuJ tP l ; b y; kpfg; n ghpa E}yfk; xd;wpUe;jJ. ];BgDf;F vl;Lf; Foe;ijfs;. mjpy; xUth; j hd; th; [ P d pah Ty; g ; . rpW tajpy; tP L KOtJk; Ntiyahl;fSk; rpWth; rpWkpah;fSkhf mtsJ tho;f;if Vfhe;jkhff; fope;jJ. th;[Pdpah tPlb ; y; mg;ghtpd; E}yfj;jpy; cs;s ve;jg;Gj;jfj;ij vLj; J thrpg; g jw; f ; F k; rpW tajpNy mDkjpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhs;. th;[Pdpahit mtsJ ngw; N whh; gs; s papy; mDg; g pg; g bf; f itf; f Ntapy; i y. mtSf; F tP l ; b y; mg; g hTk; mk;khTk; fw;Wj;je;j ghlq;fSk; RatpUg;gKk;jhd; Gj;jfq;fspd; kPJ <Lghl;il cUthf;fpd. mtsJ gjpd;%d;whtJ tajpy; mk;kh [_ypah ,we;JNgha;tplNt Jf;fk; jhs Kbahj th;[Pdpah kdr;rpijtpw;F cl;glj; njhlq;fpdhh;. Muk;g ehl; f spy; mJ xU gak; NghyTk; jho; T kdg; g hd; i k NghyTNkapUe; j J. Mdhy; ehsiltpy; me;j Neha; Kw;wp mts; eLf;fKk; Fog; g Kk; nfhz; l tshf khwpdhs; . ,jw; f hf mtsJ je;ij mtSf;F kUj;Jtg; ghpNrhjidfs; nra;J Fzg;gLj;jpdhh;. Mdhy; ,e;j kdr;rpijT mtis tho; e hs; KOtJk; jP u hj Nehahfg; gw;wpf;nfhz;LjhdpUe;jJ. ,d;ndhUGwk; th;[Pdpahtpd; tPl;by; tsh;e;j mtsJ tsh;g;Gr; rNfhjuh;fspy; xUtd; mtisj; njhlh; e ; J ghypay; mj; J kP w y; f s; nra;Jnfhz;NlapUe;jhd;. ,jdhy; mts; cly; rhh; e ; j gaj; j pw; F Ml; g l; l tshf khwpdhs; . gpd; d hspy; ghypd; g j; j py; mtSf; F g; gaKk; ntWg;Gk; cUthtjw;F ,J Kf;fpa fhuzkhapUe;jJ. nrhe;jr; rNfhjud; jd;NdhL ghy;cwT nfhs;s Kad; w Jk; jdJ me; j uq; f cWg; G fis mtd; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Nrhjid nra; j ijg; gw; w pAk; th; [ P d pahtpd; ehl;Fwpg;gpy; fhzg;gLfpwJ. ntspapy; ahNuhLk; nrhy;y Kbahj ,e;jg; ghypay; xLf; F Kiwiag; gw; w p mts; jdJ rNfhjhpaplk; ufrpakhfj; njhptpj;jNghJ mtd; jdJ rNfhjhpiaAk; ,JNghd;wnjhU neUf;fbf;F cl;gLj;jpapUe;jJ njhpate;jJ. MdhYk; mth;fs; ,e;j epfo;rr ; pfisg; gw;wp ntspf;fhl;bf; nfhs;shky; [hh;[; vd;w me;j rNfhjuDld; gofptu Ntz;ba fl;lhar; #oy; mike;jpUe;jJ. mg;ghtpd; kuzk; th;[Pdpahtpw;F ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf kdr;rpijit cUthf;fpaJ. ,k;Kiw mts; gy khjq; f s; Neha; i kAw; W kUj; J tr; rpfpr; i rapNy ,Ue; j hs; . kdey kUj; J tr; rpfpr;irfs; mg;NghJ gpugykhftpy;iy. kughd kUj; J t Kiwfspy; ,jw; f hd rhj; j paq; f s; kpff; F iwthfNtapUe; j d. kdg; g Fg; g ha; T KiwfNsh> kdey rpfpr;ir topfisg; gw;wpNah

th; [ P d pahtpw; F vOe; j J. MdhYk; mtSf; F ypNahdhh;bd; elj;ijAk; mf;fiwAk; gpbj;jpUe;jJ. ,UtUk; jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhz;lhh;fs;. Njdpytpw;fhfr; nrd;w ,lj;jpy; xt;nthUKiw jhd; cly; cwT nfhs; S k; N ghJk; xU ghiwiag; N ghy czh; r ; r paw; W f; fplg; g jhfNt th;[Pdpah czh;e;jhh;. NkYk; mJ jd; cliy uzg;gLj;Jtjhf mtUf;Fj; Njhd;wpaJ. NjdpyTg; gazj; j pNy mtUf; F kP z ; L k; kdr; r pijT cUthdJ. ypNahdhh; L mtisg; Ghpe; J nfhs; s hky; Mj; j pug; g l; l Jk; mtsJ tpUg;gkpd;wp td;Gzh;r;rpf;F Mshf;fpaJk; Nehia mjpfg;gLj;jpaJ. me;j ehl;fspy; mts; jw;nfhiy nra; J nfhs; t ijg; gw; w pj; jP t pukhf Nahrpf; f j; njhlq; f pdhs; . Mdhy; ypNahdhh; L ,J xU kdr; r pijT vd; W mwpe; j gpwF mtSf; f hfj; njhlh; e ; J kUj; J t MNyhrid ngwTk; ty; Y dh; f isf; fye; J Ngrp> rpwg; g hd rpfpr; i r Nkw;f;nfhs;sTk; Vw;ghL nra;aj; njhlq;fpdhh;. yz; l d; efuj; j pd; gugug; g hd tho; f ; i fAk; gUtepiy khw; w q; f Sk; mtsJ cliyAk; kdepiyiaAk; njhlh;eJ ; khw;wpf;nfhz;bUg;gijf; fz; L mtSf; f hfg; Gwefuhd GSk; ] ; g hp (Bloomsbury) gFjpf;Ff; FbGFe;jhh;fs;. gRikahd Gy; n tsp #o; e ; j me; j g; gFjpapy; th; [ P d pah rhg;gpLtJk; J}q;FtJkhfNt ehl;fisf; fopf;fj; njhlq; f pdhh; . me; j kdepiyapy; ,Ue; J mth; ntspNawp tUtjw;fhfNt tPl;by; rpwpa> ifahy; mr;Rf;Nfhh;j;J mr;rpLk; ,ae;jpuk; xd;iw thq;fpg; nghUj;jpdhh;fs;. th;[pdpah Ty;g; fijfis vOjp> mijj; jhNd mr;Rf;Nfhh;j;J mr;rpl;Lj; jdf;F tpUg; g khdth; f Sf; F mijg; gbf; f j; j Uk; gof; f j; i j mg; N ghJ cUthf; f pdhh; . ,jdhy; mtUf;Fg; gy Gjpa ez;gh;fs; tl;lk; cUthdJ. Fwpg;ghf Nfk;g;hpl;[; fy;Y}hpapd; mwpT[Ptpfs; mtsJ tPl;by; khiy Neuq;fspy; $b tpthjpj;Jf; fiyAk; xU rig cUthdJ. gpd;dhl;fspy; mJ gpurpj; j pngw; w GSk; ] ; g hp ,yf; f pa tl; l khf cUthdJ. th;[d P pah Ty;gpd; je;ij> %j;j rNfhjhp> ,isa rNfhjud; vd mLj;jLj;J ele;j kuzq;fs; mtisf; nfhQ; r k; nfhQ; r khf tho; t pd; Kl; L r; r e; j py; nfhz;L Ngha;j; js;sptpl;ld. mts; cyh;ej ; ehTk; eLf; f Kkhf tP l ; b y; milgl; L f; fplg;gtshfNtapUe;jhs;. mtSf;F ,Ue;j xNu gof;fk; ehl;Fwpg;Gf;fs; vOJtJ kl;LNk. jd;idr; Rw;wpa rk;gtq;fis mts; mj;jid Jy;ypakhfj; jdJ ehl; F wpg; N gl; b y; gjpT nra; j pUe; j hs; . th;[d P pahtpd; Kg;gj;jp NahuhtJ tajpy; Neha; Kw;wp xd;gJ khjq;fs; mts; kUj;Jtf; fz;fhzpg;gpNy ,Ue;jhs;. mg;NghJ mtSf;F kUj;Jt rpfpr;ir mspj;j kUj;Jth;fs; gw;wpAk; mth;fs; jd;dplk; ele;Jnfhz;l Kiw gw;wpAk;$l th;[Pdpahtpd; Fwpg;Gfspy; fhzKbfpwJ.

mtsJ vOj;Jk; mJ je;j cj;NtfKk; xU Gjpa jiyKiwg; gilg;ghsh;fis cUthf;fpaJ. ,d;Wk; xLf;fg;gl;l FLk;g cwTfSk; ghypay; td;KiwAk; ngz;iz ve;j msT kdr;rpijtpw;ff ; cl;gLj;Jk; vd;gjw;Fr; rhl;rpahf ,Uf;fpd;whs; th;[pdpah Ty;g.;
mg;NghJ kUj;Jth;fs; mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. MfNt th;[d P pahtpw;Fj; njhlh;eJ ; J}f;fj;jpw;fhf kUe;Jfs; nfhLf;fg;gl;L mts; cwq;Fk; mofpiag;Nghy kPshj;J}f;fj;jpNyia itf;fg;gl;bUe;jhs;. ,uz;lhtJ kdr;rpijT mtsJ Njhw;wj;ijAk; MNuhf;fpaj;ijAk; nghpjhfg; ghjpj;jJ. Mdhy; mjpypUe;J kPz;L te;jtSf;Fj; jdJ Nehiaf; fl; L g; g Lj; j Tk; kdij MNuhf; f pakhf itj;Jf;nfhs;sTk; vOj;J gad;glf;$Lk; vd;W Njhd;wpaJ. MfNt mts; jdJ mg;ghitg; NghyNt njhlh; e ; J tpkh; r df; fl; L iufs; vOjj; njhlq; f pdhs; . yz; l dpy; ,Ue; J ntspahFk; ilk; ] ; ypluhp rg; s pnkz; l ; ,jopy; mtsJ fl;Liufs; njhlh;eJ ; ntspahfpd. mj;NjhL mts; Gidfijfs; vOJtjpYk; tpUg;gk; nfhz;ltshf khwpdhs;. 1908y; jdJ Kjy; ehtyhd jp thNa[; mTl; ehtiy vOjj; njhlq;fp MW Mz;Lfs; njhlh; e ; J vOjp 1913y; mij ntspapl; l hs; . me;ehtYk; yz;ld; tho;tpd; xU rpj;jpuNkahFk;. md;iwa murpay; tpkh;rfuhapUe;j ypNahdhh;L mtsJ FLk;gj;jpd; neUf;fkhd kdpjh;. mth; th;[Pdpahtpd; moiff; fz;L mtisj; jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;s tpUk;gpaNghJ jd; kdjpy; ghYwT Fwpj;j vt;tpjkhd fpsh;r;rpAk; ,y;yhj epiyapy; vg;gbj; jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;tJ vd;w rpf;fy; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

29

Neha; kl; L g; g LtJk; vOtJkhftpUe; j ehl;fspy; th;[d P pah Jh;nrhg;gdq;fSk; tpNehjkhd fhl; r p cUtq; f isf; fhz; g Jkhd epiyapy; ,Ue;jhh;. nkhj;j cyfNk xU fw;gidjhd; vd;Wk; ,q; N f vJTNk ep[khdjpy; i y vd; W k; $l mtUf; F j; Njhd; w paJ. njhlh; e ; j kUj; J tf; ftdpg;gpd; fhuzkhf kdk; eyk; nfhz;l gpwF ntwp nfhz;lJ Nghy fl;LiufSk; fijfSkhf vOjpf; Ftpf;fj; njhlq;fpdhh; th;[Pdpah Ty;g;. mtuJ Gfo;ngw;w ehty;fshff; fUjg;gLk; N[f;fg;]; &k; ( Jacob’s Room )> L j iyl; ` T]; ( To the Lighthouse)> j Ntt;]; (The Waves) Nghd;wit ,e;jf; fhyfl;lj;jpy; vOjg;gl;litfNs. th;[Pdpahtpw;Fs; epidTfs; Fsj;Jg; ghrpfs; Nghy xd;NwhL xd;W gpd;dpf;fple;jd. jd;idg; ghjpj;j epfo;TfSk; md;iwa ehSk; mtSf;Fs; <uk; cyuhky; mg;gbNaapUe;jd. mts; fjhghj;jpuq;fspd; topNa Kf;fpa rk;gtq;fis cUthf;fpf; fhl; L k; vOj; i j cUthf; F tij tplTk; fjhghj; j puq; f s; xt; n thU fzj; j pYk; jdJ kdjpw;Fs;Sk; ep[ cyfj;jpw;Fs;Sk; khwp khwpg; gazk; nra;fpd;whh;fs; vd;gjpNy mjpfk; ftdk; nrYj;jj; njhlq;fpdhs;. vg;gb xU epwk; my;yJ xU thrid xU kdpjiuNah my; y J xU epfo;itNah epidTgLj;jptpLfpwJ vd;gNj mtuJ fijnrhy;yypd; jdpj;JtkhftpUe;jJ. epidTfspd; rpw; N whilfs; xd; i wnahd; W FWf; f pl; L Xbf;nfhz;bUg;gJjhd; th;[d P pahtpd; vOj;J. th;[Pdpah ngz;fspd; kPjhd mlf;FKiwfs; kw; W k; fyhr; r huj; jilfs; Fwpj; J kpjkpQ; r pa NfhgKk; Mjq; f Kk; nfhz; l th; . ,J mtuJ fl;Liuj; njhFg;ghd V &k; Mg; xd;]; Xd; (A Room of One’s Own) KOtJk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. yz;ld; efuj;jpd; g+q;fhf;fs; mtiu vg;NghJNk trPfhpj;J te;jd. mjdhy; g+q;fhf;fis xU gbkk; NghyNt jdJ ehty;fspy; mth; njhlh;eJ ; gad;gLj;jp te;jhh;. jdJ tPl;by; elf;Fk; tpUe;J epfo;r;rpfspYk; ,yf; f par; re; j pg; G fspYk; ,iltplhky; Ngrpf;nfhz;NlapUf;Fk; ngz;zhf mwpKfkhd th;[d P pah> ,ay;ghd kdepiyapy; ,Ue;J rl;nld xNu kzp Neuj; j pw; f ; F s; rpijT epiyf; F j; js;sg;gLfpwtuhf khwpapUe;jhh;. mjd; fhuzkhf gy Neuk; tpUe;jpy; fj;jpf; $g;ghL NghLtNjh> mh;j;jkw;Wg; NgRtNjh ele;jpUf;fpd;wJ. mtis ypNahdhh;L xU Foe;ijiaj; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;by; itj;jpUg;gJ NghyNt itj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. fztid tplTk; gpbj;jkhd ngz;fNshL Nrh;ej ; pUg;gjw;Fk; xd;whf cwq;Ftjw;Fk; th;[d P pah tpUg; g Kilatshf ,Ue; j hh; . ,ijg; g w; w p tpthpf;Fk; mtuJ Njhop xUj;jp> gLf;ifapy; mtsJ rP w ; w khd ngU%r; R k; vYk; G fisj; jlTk; %h; f ; f khd ifAk; mr; r k; juf; $ baJ vd; N w tpthpf;fpwhs;. th;[Pdpahtpd; vOj;J mtUf;nfd jdpj;j thrfh; $l;lj;ij cUthf;fpaJ. MdNghJk; 30

mth; kUj;Jtr; rpfpr;irfspy;jhd; ehl;fisf; flj;j Ntz;ba epiy cUthdJ. ,d; n dhU Gwk; cyf Aj; j k; fhuzkhf n[h;kdpapdh; ,q;fpyhe;jpd; kPJ Fz;L NghlNt jhq;fs; mopj;njhopf;fg;glf;$Lk; vd;w mr;rKk; gaKk; ypNahdhh; i lAk; gw; w pf; n fhz; l J. mth; f sJ ghuk; g hpa tP L thd; Fz; L tP r ; r py; cile;J rpjwpajhy; mth; kpfTk; mr;rKw;Wj; jd; FLk;gj;NjhL ,we;JNgha;tpl tpUk;gpdhh;. ,jw;fhf ,tUk; kdey MNyhrfh;fsplk; Nghf Ntz;ba fl; l hak; cUthdJ. jw; f hypfkhf mth; f s; yz;lid mLj;j rpwpa fpuhkk; xd;wpy; rpy fhyk; tho;tJ vd;w Kbtpw;F te;jpUe;jdh;. mq;F FbNawpa gpwFk; th;[Pdpahtpd; kdeyk; g+uz FzkilaNtapy;iy. mth; jhd; kpfTk; jdpikapy; ,Ug;gjhf epidj;jhh;. kUj;Jth;fspd; MNyhridg;gb Foe;ijfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ vd;w epiy cUthfpapUe;jJ. NtW ,J jdpikiag; ngUf;fpaJ. 50 tajpw;Fs; gj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l Kiw fLikahf kdr;rpf;fYf;F cs;shd th;[Pdpah jdJ tpLjiyahf vOj;ij kl;LNk ek; g papUe; j hh; . Mdhy; kdey rpfpr; i rf; f hf mspf; f g; g Lk; kUe; J fs; mtiuf; nfhQ; r k; nfhQ;rkhf nrayw;wtuhf;fp tplNt mtuhy; jhd; epidj;j vijAk; vOj Kbahj epiy cUthdJ. mg;NghJjhd; tho;tJ mtrpakh vd;w Fog;gk; mtuJ kdepiyiaj; jPtpukhfg; gw;wpf; nfhz;lJ. 1948 khh; r ; 28Mk; jpfjp Mw; w py; Fjpj; J ,we;JNghd th;[Pdpah Ty;gpd; cliy Vg;uy; 18 tiu Njbf; fz; L gpbf; f KbaNtapy; i y. ypNahdhh; L Mw; w pd; top KOtJk; miye;Jnfhz;NlapUe;jhh;. th;[d P pah vd;dthdhh; vd;W njhpe;Jnfhs;s KbaNtapy;iy. Kbtpy; vg;uy; 18 md;W mtuJ cly; fpilj;jJ. Vg;uy; 21 md; W mtUf; f hd ,Wjpr; rlq; F fs; ele; j d. th; [ P d pah Ty; g ; vd; w ngz; z pd; Jauf; fij KbTf;F te;jJ. Mdhy; mtsJ vOj;Jk; mJ je;j cj;NtfKk; xU Gjpa jiyKiwg; gilghsh;fis cUthf;fpaJ. ,d;Wk; xLf;fg;gl;l FLk;g cwTfSk; ghypay; td;KiwAk; ngz;iz ve;j msT kdr;rpijtpw;fF ; cl; g Lj; J k; vd; g jw; F rhl; r pahf ,Uf; f pwhs; th; [ P d pah Ty; g ; . mtsJ ehty; f spy; tUk; ngz;fisg; NghyNt vilaw;w epoyhf mtsJ ,Ug;G yz;ld; njUf;fspy; kl;Lky;y thrfh;fs; xt;nthUth; kdjpYk; njhlh;e;J ele;J miye;J nfhz;LjhdpUf;fpd;wJ. vOj;jpd; tprpj;jpuq;fisg; NghyNt mtsJ tho; T k; vjph; g huhikapd; gpbf; F s; jd; i dg; nghUj;jpf;nfhz;lJ.•

V];. uhkfpU\;zd;
ed;wp : capu;ik> [_iy 2005

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

mwpKfk;:ngz;zpak; ngz;fspd; cupik njhlh;ghf 1970> 1980 fspy; cyfpd; midj;J kl;lq;fspypYk; tpopg;Gdh;T Kistpl;nlOe;jik ahtWk; mwpe;jNj 1979 Mk; Mz;L [f;fpa ehLfs; rigapdhYk; nfhz;Ltug;gl;l ngz;fSf; vjpuhd midj;J ghugl;rkhd ghFghl;L tbtq;fis mfw;Wk; nghUl;L cUthd rkthaj;jpid cWg;Giu 15 MdJ ngz;fs; ehl;bd; rl;lq;fshy; rkkhf elj;jg;glTk; rl;lG+h;tkhd eilKiwfshy; rk me;j];J toq;fg;glTk; nrhj;Jf;fis thq;fTk; tpw;fTk; cupik nfhz;lth;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd giwrhw;Wfpd;wJ. ,e;jtifapy; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; ngz;fSf;F rk cupik> me;j];J toq;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;w fUj;jhf;fk; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jd; tpisthf ngz;fspd; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; ,yq;ifapYk; tpopg;Gzh;Tfs; Vw;glj; njhlq;fpAs;sikapdhy; ,d;iwa ngz;fspd; cupik vd;w gug;gpy; ngupaNjhH gq;fpid tfpj;Js;sJ. 2004 Mk; Mz;L ,yq;ifapy; Vw;gl;l Mopg;Nguiyapd; gpd; fhzpapd; cWjp njhlh;gpy; Vw;gl;l rh;ri ; rfs; ngz;fspd; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; kPzL ; k; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. vdNt ,d;iwa epiyapy; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; ngz;fspd; me;j];J> mjd; tuyhw;W Nghf;F ,it njhlh;gpy; ,yq;ifapy; fhzg;gLk; rl;l Vw;ghL vd;gdtw;iw Muha;tNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.

vkJ cupikfs;

,yq;ifg; ngz;fspd; fhzp cupik
fhzp cupik vd;why; vd;d?
nghJthf cupik vd; g J rl; l uP j pahfTk; r%fuP j pahfTk; mq; f pfupf; f g; g l; L mjpfhuk; tha; e ; j rigapdhy; toq; f g; g Lk; me; j ]; j hFk; . fhzp cupik vd; D k; NghJ jdf; F ,Uf; f pd; w fhzpapid clik nfhz;bUg;gjw;fhd cupik> tpw;gjw;fhd cupik> thliff;F tpLtjw;fhd cupik> Fj;jiff;F tpLtjw;fhd cupik> Nghd;w mf;fhzp njhlh;gpy; Vf Nghf me;j];J nfhz;bUg;gjhFk;. ,t; T upikahdJ guk; g iu uP j papyhd nrhj; J f; f is topAupik nfhs;tjd; %yKk; mike;jpUf;fyhk;. mNj Nghd;W jdpg;gl;l uP j papYk; $l; l hfTk; fhzp cupikahdJ fhzg; g lyhk; . ngz;zpiythj mbg;gilapy; ,t; cupikahdJ ,dk;> kjk;> tFg;G> Fyk;. vd;w rhjf ghjkpd;wp ahtUk; rkkhf mDgtpf;F Ntz;Lk;.

Vd; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; Rje;jpukhd cupik ngz;fSf;F Njit?
rl;l ma;thsh; Agarwal ,it njhlh;gpy; fUj;J ntspapLifapy; %d;W kf;fpa fhuzpfis Muha;fpd;whh; KjyhtJ ngz;fspd; eyd; ( Welfare ) vd; g J Kf; f pa gq; F tfpf; f pd; w j. cyfpd; tUikf; Nfhl;ghl;bd; fPo; tho;gth;fspy; mjpfkhdth;fs; ngz;fshfNt fhzg;gLfpd;wdh;. ,jw;F mbj;jskhf tpsq;FtJ Mzhjpf;f r%fj;jpd; nraw;ghL vd;gJ cz;ikahFk; Vnddpy; ngz;fspd; ciog;gpd; KOg;gFjpAk; Mz;fspd; iffspNyNa nrd;wilfpd;wJ. vdNt ngz;fspd; eyd;> mf;fiw njhlh;gpy; mth;fSf;F vt;tpj cjtpfSk; r%fj;jpypUe;J te;jiltJ FiwtjhFk; vdNt fhzp vd; g J Vw; f dNt Fwpg; g pl; l J Nghy; nrhj; J vd; w gFjpapy; cs; s lf; f g; g Ltjhy; jq; f Sf; n fd; W fhzpapid nrhe; j k; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ mth;fsJ eyd;fis ghJfhf;ff; $ba #o;epiy Vw;gLfpd;wJ. ,uz;lhtjhf rkj;Jtf;Nfhl;ghL> fhzp cupik njhlh; g hy; nry; t hf; F nrYj; J fpd; w J. ,yq; i fapd; 12 Mk; cWg;GiuahdJ rl;lj;jpd; Kd; ahtUk; rkk; vd;w Nfhl;ghl;bid tpsf;fp epw;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; ,yq;ifapd; rl;lq;fspy; mNdfkhdit ngz;fs; njhlh;gpy; ghugl;rj;ij fhl;b epw;fpd;wJ. cjhuzkhf fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; Mz;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;s cupik> me;j];J ngz;fSf;F toq;fg;gltpy;iy vdNt rkj;Jtf; Nfhl;ghl;bid nraw; g Lj; j fhzp cupik ngz; f Sf; F toq; f g; g LtJ mtrpakhdnjhU Njitg;ghlhFk;. mLj;jjhf mjpfhukspj;jy; 31

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

(Empowerment) vd; w fUj; j hf; f Kk; ngz; f spd; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; gq;fspg;G nrYj;Jfpd;wJ. ,d; i wa r%f epiyapy; FLk; g j; j pd; jiyikj; J tkhdJ (House hold) ngz; f spd; iffspy; fhzg; g Lk; nghOJ ciog; g pNdhL Nrh; e ; J FLk; g guhkupg; g pidAk; ngz; f spd; iffis nrd;wiltjhy; ,ul;bg;G RikahdJ ngz;fis nrd;wilfpd;wJ. vdNt nrhj;Jtk; vd;gJ ,t;tplj;jpy; ngz;fsplk; fhzg;gl;llhy; mth; f sJ gyj; j pid Cf; F tpf; f f; $ ba xU mbj;jskhf mikayhk;. fhzp cupik njhlh;ghd ,yq;ifapd; rl;l Vw; g hL ,yq; i fahdJ gy ,d> kj> fyhr; r huq; f is nfhz; L fhzg; g Lfpd; w ehL vd; g jhy; ,yq; i fapd; rl; l q; f shdJ Ms;rhHrl;lk;> nghJr;rl;lk;> vd;w tFg;ghf;fk; tUtjw;F fhuzkhf mike;J fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. tof; f hw; W cupikfs; > fyhr; r hu ghuk; g upak; > Mfpatw;wpd; nry;thf;F fhydpj;Jt Ml;rpf;F Kd; mjpfkha; ,Ue;jd. vdNt ngz;fsJ nrhj;Jtk; njhlh; g hd cupikfs; Vida cupikfisg; Nghd;W ,f;fhyq;fspy; ngupjhf fijf;fg;glTkpy;iy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;glTk; ,y;iy. Ms;rhH rl; l j; i j nghUj; j tiuapy; fz; b ar; r l; l k; > Njrtoikr; r l; l k; > K]; y pk; rl; l k; Mfpad Kjd; i k tfpf; f pd; w d. fhzp vd; g J mirah Mjdk; vd;w tifapy; ,r;rl;lq;fspy; ngz;fspd; fhzp cupikfs; vt;thW mike;J fhzg;gLfpd;wd vd;gij Muha;Nthk;. Kjypy; fz;bar;rl;lj;jpid vLj;J Nehf;fpdhy; 1917 Mk; Mz;bd; fz;baupd; cupj;Jtop rl;lkhdJ ngz; f spd; nrhj; J upik njhlh; g py; vLj; J f; $Wfpd;wJ ,q;F jpfh> gpdh> Mfpa ,U tifahd jpUkzq;fs; %yNk ngz;fspd; nrhj;Jupikfs; jP h ; k hdpf; f g; g Lfpd; w d. cjhuzkhf jpfh jpUkzj;jpy; ngz; jdJ je;ij top uPjpahf tUfpd;w gpuhtdp vd;w nrhj;ij ,of;fpd;whs;. mj;NjhL ,t;thW gwpKjy; nra;ag;gLk; nrhj;jpw;F Fwpj;j ngz; Z f; F e\; l <L nrYj; j Ntz; b a mtrpakpy;iy. vdpDk;; fz;bah; my;yhj Vida rpq;fsth> Njrtoikf; F cl; g lhj jkpoh; f Sk; ; nghJr; r l; l j; j hy; Msg; g Lfpd; w dh; . vdpDk; ,yq; i fahdJ Nghh; j ; J f; N fah; > xy; y he; j h; > Mq;fpNyah;> Nghd;wth;fspd; fhydpj;Jt Ml;rpf;F cl; g l; b Ue; j ikahy; ,yq; i fapd; nghJr; r l; l khdJ Nuhk> lr; R rl; l j; j pid jOtpajhfTk; rpy ,lq;fspy; Mq;fpy rl;lj;jpdJ nry;thf;F epiwe;jjhfTk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. mNj Nghy; ngz; f sJ fhzp cupik njhlh; g py; Ms;rhh;rl;lj;jpid tpl nghJr;rl;lkhdJ rw;W $Ljyhd cupikapid toq; f p epd; w ik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. nghJr;rl;lj;ij nghWj;j tiuapy; je;ij topr;nrhj;jpy; jdJ rNfhjuh;fs; ngWtJ Nghd;W rkgq;F nrhj;jpid ngz;fs; jdJ jpUkzj;jpd; NghJ ngWfpd;whh;fs;. mNj 32

Nghy; jha; topr; nrhj; j pYk; ,U ghyhUk; rkgq;fpid ngWfpd;whh;fs;. nghJr;rl;lj;jpd; fPo; fztd; kidtp Mfpa ,Utupy; xUth; ,we;jhy; ,we;jtupd; nrhj;jpy; (kuz rhrdk; vOjg;glhj gl;rj;jpy;) miug;gq;fpid caph;tho;gtH jpwj;jth; ngw;Wf;nfhs;thh;. ,Nj Nghy; fztd; ,we;j gpd; mtuj nrhj; j pYk; cupik NfhUtjw; F ahUk; ,y; y hj gl; r j; j py; tpjit mr; n rhj; j pd; KOg; g q; f pidAk; ngw; W f; n fhs; t hh; . NkYk; kidtp> ,we; j fztupd; fld; f is nfhLg; g jw; F k; nrhj; j pid tpw; W fld; f is milf; f KbAk; . mJkl; L ky; y hJ jpUkzkhd ngz; ngw; w jdJ rP j dj; j pid fhzp cl; g l midj; J nrhj; J f; f isAk; ngw; W f; nfhz; L mDgtpf;f KbAk;. Njrtoikr; r l; l j; i j nghUj; j tiuapy; > nrhj;Jupik njhlh;gpy; Jaffna Matrimonial Rights and Inheritance Ordinance (1911) Vw;ghLfis nfhz;L fhzg; g Lfpd; w J. ,q; F rP j dk; > KJrk; > NjbaNjl;lk;> vd;w tFg;ghf;fk; nrhj;J njhlh;gpy; fhzg;gfpd;wJ. kidtp> fztd; ,we;j gpwF mtuJ KO nrhj;jpy; cupik nfhz;bUg;gJld; Njba Njl;lj;jpy; miug;gq;fpidAk; jhd; ngWtjw;F cupj;Jilath;. ,t;TupikahdJ kuz rhrdj;jpd; %yNkh NtW tifapNyh gwpf;fg;gl KbahjJ. Mdhy; kidtp jdJ mirahj Mjdj; j pid tpw;gjhapd; fztdpd; rk;kjk; ngw ntz;Lk;. vd; g J fl; l ha epge; j idahFk; mNjNghy; NjbaNjl; l khdJ jpwj; j th; f spd; ciog; g py; ngwg;gLk; nrhj;jhf ,Ug;gJld; kidtpahy; Njlg;gl;l nrhj;jhf ,Ue;jhYk; fztdpd; rk;kjk; ngwNtz;Lk;. vd;gJ ngz;fspd; nrhj;Jupikapy; fl;Lg;ghl;bid tpjpg;gjhf fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. mNj Neuk; fztd; jdJ NjbaNjl; l j; j pid kiztpapd; rk;kjkpd;wp tpw;f KbAk; vd;gJ ghy; e piy rkj; J tj; j pid kP W tjhf fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,dp K];ypk; rl;lj;jpid vLj;J Nehf;fpdhy;> K];ypk; rl;lkhdJ Vida Ms;rhH rl;lq;fis Nghd; W fyhr; r hu gof; f tof; f q; f is mbg; g ilahf nfhz; L mikahJ kjj; j pid jOtpajhfNt fhzg;gLtij ehk; mtjhdpf;f $bajhf cs; s J. vdNt ngz; f s; cupikfs; njhlh; g py; ,]; y hj; j pd; mbg; g il %yhjhuq;fshd fjP];> Fwhd; vd;gd nry;thf;F nrYj;Jfpd;wd. ,e;j tifapy; ngz;fsJ fhzp cupik njhlhpgpy; Musiliam Inheritance and Succession Ordinance (1931) Vw;ghLfis nfhz;L fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. me;j tifapy; xU K];ypk; ngz; guk; g iu nrhj; j hfNth my; y J NtW topapy; jd;dhy; ngwg;gl;l midj;J nrhj;Jf;fisAk; Mz;L mDgtpf;f KbAk;. Mdhy; jha; my;yJ je;ij top uPjpahd nrhj;jpy; Mz; ngz;iz tpl ,U klq; F nrhj; J f; f is ngWtjw; F cupikAilath; . ,j; j ifa rl; l Vw; g hlhdJ K]; y pk; ngz; f sJ fhzp cupik njhlh; g py; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

rkj;Jtkpd;ikia filg;gpbj;jpUg;gij fhzyhk;. vdNt ngz; f spd; fhzp cupik rk; k e; j khf ,yq; i fapd; nghJr; r l; l khdJ rpy gbfs; cah;e;jpUe;jhYk; 2004 Mk; Mz;L ,yq;ifapy; Vw; g l; l Mopg; N guiyapdhy; fiuNahug; gpuNjrj; j pypUf; F k; gyh; jq; f sJ Mtzq; f s; gytw; i w ,oe; j ik ahtUk; mwpe; j njhU tplakhFk;. Mop Nguiyapd; Kd;dh; fhzpfspd; cWjp $Ljyhf ngz;fspd; ngah;fspNyNa gjpT nra; a g; g l; b Ue; j d. Mdhy; ,d; W vOe; J s; s rh;r;ir vd;dntdpy; ,oe;j fhzpfspd; cWjpfs; tP l ; b d; jiyikj; J tk; tfpg; g tupd; ngaupy; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;. vdNt ,q;F kPz;Lk; mNdf cWjpfs; ngz;fspd; ngah;fspy; my;yhJ Mz;fSf;F khw;wg;glf;$ba re;jh;g;gk; vOe;Js;sJ. ,Ug;gpDk; ,it njhlh;gpy; vt;tpj rl;l Vw;ghLfSk; mur jug;gpy; ntspaplg;gl tpy;iy

gl;lak;” vd;w rl;l gpNuuizahdJ ngz;fspd; fhzp cupik njhlh; g py; Kw; W KOjhd Vw; g hl; b id toq; f pAs; s J. vdpDk; ,g;gpNuuizia rl;lkhf;Ftjw;Fupa Kaw;rpfs; gy ngz; cupik njhlh;gpy; nraw;gLk; murhh;gw;w epWtdq;fspypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;lhYk; ghuhSkd;w mq;ff P huk; ,Jtiuapy; fpilf;fg;ngw tpy;iy. rh;tNjr uPjpapy; ngz;fspd; fhzp cupikfis cs; s lf; f pajhd fl; L Wj; J f; f s; > rkthaq; f s; cWthf;fg;gl;lhYk; ,yq;ifapy; fhzg;gLk; cs; ehl;L rl;lq;fs; mtw;wpid cs;thq;Fk; msT FiwthfNt cs; s J. ,jw; F fhuzk; ,yq;ifahdJ rh;tNjr rl;lg;gug;gpy; ,Uikapay; nfhs; i fapid filg; g pbf; F k; xU ehlhFk; . vdNt rh;tNjr uPjpapy; fhzg;gLk; fhzp cupik njhlh; g hd rl; l q; f s; vq; f sJ cs; e hl; L rl; l q; f spy; CLWTtjw; F cupa cj; j pfis ifahSjy; mtrpakhFk;.

gupe;Jiu:
ngz; cupikfs; vd;w vz;zf;fU jw;nghOJ tprhypf; f g; g l; L s; s J. vdNt ngz; cupik njhlh;gpy; r%fj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; fl;Lkhdj;ij ,d;iwa ngz;zpay; Nehf;fpYk; kdpj cupik vd;w gug; g pYk; khw; W tjhdhy; rl; l uP j pahfTk; r%fuPjpapYk; gad;jF jpUj;jq;fis nfhz;L tu Ntz;bAs;sJ. me;j tifapy; ngz;fspd; fhzp cupik vd;w mk;rk; tsh;rr ; paila Ntz;Lkhdhy; rpy eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;bAs;sJ. rl;l Vw;ghLfs; rpy ngz;fspd; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; topAWj;jpf;$wpdhYk; ,dj;Jt rhjpa rka mbg; g ilapy; vOe; j rpy epajpfs; > gof; f tof; f q; f s; r%fj; j py; Kjd; e piy gLj; j g; g Ltij fhzf; $ bajhf cs; s J cjhuzkhf nghJr; r l; l khdJ fhzp cupik njhlh;gpy; ngz;fSf;F Mz;fs; Nghd;W rkgq;F toq;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. vd;W Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jhYk; eilKiwapy; mjpfsthd fhzpfs; Mz;fspd; iffisNa nrd;wilfpfpd;wd.,j;jifa fyhr;rhu gz;ghl;L tbtq;fis r%fj;jypUg;gth;fSf;F Fwpg;ghf ngz;fSf;F vLj;Jf;fhl;l Ntz;baJ mtrpakhfpd; w J. vdNt ,it njhlh; g hd tpopg; G zh; T fs; tpsf; f q; f s; ngz; f is nrd;wilAk; tifapy; fhzp cupik njhlh;gpYk; rup ngz;fs; cupik njhlh;gpYk; rup nraw;gLk; epWtdq; f s; ; Mf; f G+h; t khd nraw; g hLfis Kd;ndLf;f Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. rl; l uP j pahf Nehf; F ifapy; ,yq; i fapy; fhyj;jpw;F fhyk; ngz;fSf;F cupikfis toq;Fk; Nehf;fpy; gy rl;l tiuGfs;> gpNuuizfs; nfhz;L tug; g l; l NghjpYk; murpay; uP j pahfNth NtWtifapNyh mtw; w pid rl; l khf mq;fpfupg;gjw;F ePzl ; fhy gpuaj;jdk; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz; b As; s J. cjhuzkhf 2004 Mk; Mz; L ghuhSkd;wj;jpw;F nfhz;Ltug;gl;l “ ngz;fs; 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

KbTiu:
ngz;fs; cupikfs; njhlh;gpy; tpopg;Gzh;Tfs; vOr;rpg;Nghuhl;lq;fshdJ ,dj;Jt> rhjp> rka> jsq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; kdpj cupik kPwy;fis cilj;Jf;nfhz;L Ntfkhf tsh;rr ; p mile;J tUk; ,f;fhyfl;lq;fspy; ngz;fspd; fhzp cupik vd;w fUg; n ghUSk; tsh; r ; r p ngw Ntz; b As; s ik fhyj;jpd; Njitahf cs;sJ.• kh[pjh `dPgh

Laughing Matters

cz;ikahd tpLjiyia jPtpukhd fye;Jiuahly; %yk; ngwyhk;.

33

MZWg;ig fhl;Lk; rpgg ; H Nkd;fSf;F vjpuhf

jkae;jp KJFkhuNf

jkae;jp KJFkhuNf

whh;fs; Kjy; taJ te;jth;fs; tiu Clfq;fs; jpiug;glq;fspD}lhf tPu rhfrq;fis Ghpe;Js;s Spider man, Bat man, Super man Nghd;w kdpjh;fisg; gw;wp mwpe;Js;shh;fs;. mJ mt;thwpUf;f MZWg;igf; fhl;Lk; rpg;gH Nkd; kdpjh;fSk; (Zipper man) vk;kj;jpapy; ,Ug;gJ mjprakhfTk; Mr; r hpakhfTk; ,Uf; f pwJ. Rje; j pu th;j;jf tyaj;jpy; ngz; Copah;fs; njhopy; nra; A k; gpuNjrq; f spy; tpLjpfis mz; b a gpuNjrq; f spy; ghijapd; ,UGwq;fspy; epd;wgb jkJ MZWg; i g fhl; L k; kdpjh; f s; ,Ug;gJ ,ufrpaky;y. Rje;jpu th;j;jf tyaj; j py; kl; L kd; w p ,yq; i f KOtJk; tPjpfspYk; NgUe;JfspYk; Gifapujj; j pYk; ,t; t hwhd kdpjh;fis mjpfkhff; fhzKbAk;.

rp

'xUthpd; tpUg;gk;> J}z;Ljy; kw;Wk; tuNtw;G ,y;yhky; mePjpahdJk; ghjfkhdJkhd Kiwapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; ghypay; ,ay;G fye;j mr;RWj;jy; ghypay; td;Kiwfs;" vd tiutpyf;fzk; nra;ag;gLtNjhL ,J cly; hPjpahd tha;%y kw;Wk; fl;Gy hPjpahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; Fw;wtpay; eltbf;ifAk; MFk;.

gf;fq;fspYk; nghUj;jg;gl;bUf;Fk; ,uT kpd;tpsf;Ffis Ntz;Lnkd;Nw fy; n ywpe; J jfh; f ; F k; ,th; f s; ngz; f is ,Uspy; elf; f r; nra; J jq;fs; Mirfis jzpj;Jf;nfhs;s ,uhg;nghOij gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;. mJkhj; j pukpd; w p ,t; t hwhd nraw; g hLfspd; ,Wjp tbtkhff; flj;jy;fs;> ghypay; ty;YwT kw;Wk; gLnfhiyfs; tiu njhlu ,lkspj;Jtpl; L ehq; f s; nksdk; rhjpf; f Ntz;Lkh?

jpwe;j nghUshjhuj;jpd; ngWNgwhfj; Njhd;wpa Rje;jpu th;jj ; f tyaj;ij mz;ba gFjpfspy; njhopy; nra; A k; ngz; f is ,yf; F itj; J mth; f isf; nfstpf;nfhs;tjw;fhff; Fwpitj;J> je;jpNuhghaq;fis Nkw;nfhs;Sk; xUrpy nghy;yhj Mz;fs; md;WNghy; ,d;Wk; ,Uf;fj;jhd; nra;fpwhh;fs;. ,g;ngz; Copah;fSf;F vjpuhf eilngWk; ghypay; ,k;irfs;> td;Kiwfs;> ghypay; ty;YwTfs; gfy; ,uT NtWghbd; w p eilngWtNjhL mit ehSf; F ehs; mjpfhpj; J r; nry; t ijAk; fhz Kbfpd; w J. ,g; n gz; f s; ,uT Ntiyia Kbj; J tpl; L tpLjpf; F tUk; ghijapd; ,U Gwq;fspYk; tpNrlkhff; fl;Lehaf;fhit mz;ba ntygil tPjp> mthptj;j> Nfhtpd;d> 18tJ ikw;fy; Mfpa gFjpfspy; ,t;thwhd Mz;fs; $Ljyhf cyhTtjhfj; njhptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. tPjpapd; ,uz;L 34

'xUthpd; tpUg; g k; > J}z; L jy; kw; W k; tuNtw; G ,y; y hky; meP j pahdJk; ghjfkhdJkhd Kiwapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; ghypay; ,ay; G fye; j mr; R Wj; j y; ghypay; td; K iwfs; " vd tiutpyf; f zk; nra;ag;gLtNjhL ,J cly; hPjpahd tha;%y kw;Wk; fl;Gy hPjpahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; Fw;wtpay; eltbf;ifAk; MFk;. 1995Mk; Mz;L 22Mk; ,yf;f rl;lj;jhy; jpUj;jg;gl;l ,yq;if jz;lid tpjpfs; Nfhitapd; 345tJ thrfj;jpd;gb ghypay; td;Kiwfs; 5 Mz;L rpiwj; jz;lidf;Fhpa Fw;wr;nrayhff; fUjg;gLk; mNjNtis mguhjj; j pd; %yNkDk; mij g+h; j ; j pnra; a Ntz;Lnkdj; njhptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mJkl;Lkd;wp ty;YwTf;F ,yf;fhd ngz;Zf;F ,og;gPl;Lj; njhifnahd;iwAk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. vkJ ehl;bd; mjpcah; rl;lkhff; fUjg;gLk; ,yq;if murpay; ahg;gpd; 14 - V thrfj;jpd; fPo; ,yq; i f gpui[nahUtUf; F ,yq; i fapDs; Nghf; F tuj; J r; Rje; j puKk; tpUk; g pa ,lj; j py; trpg; g jw; f hd Rje; j puKk; toq; f g; g l; L s; s J. 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

epiyik ,t; t hwpUf; f j; jdpahfg; gpuahzpg; gjw; f hd Rje; j puKk; ,aYikAk; ,e; e hl; L Mz;fSf;F ,Ug;gJk; ngz;fSf;F ,y;yhjpUg;gJk; ahtUk; mwpe;j xU tplak;. ,g;gpur;ridia ehk; Mokhf Ma;T nra;J $Ljyhf ty;YwTf;F ,yf; f htJ Mz; f sh ngz; f sh vd; g ij xg; g P l ; l stpy; Nehf; F k; N ghJ tP l ; b y; > ghlrhiyapy; > Ntiyj; j sj; j py; > Ng&e; j py; > Gifapujj; j py; > tpLjpapy; my; y J tP j pfspy; ngUk;ghYk; ty;YwTf;F ,yf;fhtJ ngz;fNs. ,J gw;wpa Kiwg;ghLfis nra;Ak;NghJ nghyprhh; my; y J r%fj; j pd; Vidath; f s; ,JFwpj; J njhptpf;Fk; gpujpgypg;G kpfTk; ftiyf;FhpaJ. ,t;thwhd kdpjh;fis xopg;gjw;F nghyprhUf;F gy Kiwg;ghLfs; fpilj;Js;sNghJk; mt;thwhd xU egNuDk; rl;lj;jpd; gpbapy; mfg;glhjpUj;jy; Ntjidf;Fhpa tplakhFk;. mt; t hwhapd; ,J njhlh; g hf fLikahd eltbf;iffs; Vd; vLf;fg;glhjpUf;fpd;wd? ,ij xopj;J ePjpia epiyehl;Ljy; murpd; flikah? mjpfhhpfspd; flikah? ,y;yhtpl;lhy; ,J r%fg; gpur; r idah? vd; g J ,d; W vk; k j; j papy; fhzg;gLk; ghhpa gpur;ridahFk;. ,e;jpahtpy; Ng&e;jpy; Gifapujj;jpy; my;yJ VjhtnjhU ,lj; j py; ngz; n zhUth; ghypay; ty; Y wTf; F ,yf; f hFk; N ghJ mjw; F vjph; g ; G j; njhptpj;jhy; Rw;wpAs;s gazpfspd; cjtpAld; ghypay; Nrl;iltpLk; egh; mbj;J tpul;lg;gLthh;. mt;thwy;yhtpl;lhy; rhujp> elj;Jdhpd; cjtpAld; Fwpj;j egh; nghyprhhplk; xg;gilf;fg;gLthh;. Mdhy; ,yq; i fapd; epiy vj; j ifaJ? ngz; n zhUth; g]; tz; b apDs; ghypay; ty;YwTf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;L nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhYk; mij fhzhj FUlH;fs; Nghy; nksdkhf ,Uf;Fk; egh;fs; vj;jid vj;jid Ngh;? vdNt ,J r%fg; g pur; r id vd; g ij ehk; Vd; czutpy;iy?

ghjahj;jpiuapy; fye;Jnfhz;l mikg;Gf;fs; xt;nthU khh;r; 08Mk; jpfjpAk; midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdk; ,e; e hl; b y; tpNrrkhf epidT $wg;gLfpd;wJ. vdpDk; tpuy;tpl;L vz;zf;$ba xUrpyh; kl;LNk kfsph; jpdk; vd;why; vd;d> Mz;Lf;nfhUKiw ,J midj;Jyf jpdkhf Vd; epidT $ug;gLfpwJ mjw;fhd Njit vd;d vd;gd gw;wp mwpe;Js;sdh;. mNjNghy; fle;j rpy jpdq;fspy; midj; J yf kfsph; jpdj; i j fUg; n ghUshff; nfhz;L njhiyf;fhl;rp kw;Wk; Clfq;fspy; kfsph; jpdj; j pw; F Kf; f paj; J tk; mspf; f hJ ngz; f s; njhlh; g py; jtwhd fUj; i j ntspg; g Lj; J k; tplaq; f spD}lhfTk; vjph; k iwahd rpe; j idfSf; F ,lkspf; F k; tifapYk; rk; g h\idfs; ,lk; n gw; w d. (Rje; j pu th; j ; j f tyaj;jpy; njhopy; GhpAk; ngz;fs; mDgtpj;JtUk; neUf;fbfs; ty;YwTfSf;F vjpuhf) ,k;Kiw midj;Jyf kfsph; jpdj;ij Kd;dpl;L khWgl;l nraw; g hnlhd; i w Nkw; n fhs; s ,yq; i fapd; jha;khUk; Gjy;tpaUk; vd;w mikg;G eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhz;bUe;jJ. ‘ngz;Zf;F Rje;jpukhfg; gazpf;f ,lkspAq;fs;" 'rNfhjhpfNs> cq;fs; typikiag; Ghpe;Jnfhs;Sq;fs; cq;fs; nksdj;ijj; jfh;jn ; jwpAq;fs; cWjpAld; mzpjpuSq;fs;” 28 kfsph; kw;Wk; gy;ypd mikg;Gf;fspd; rpy egh; f isf; nfhz; L cUthd ,yq; i fapd; jha; k hUk; Gjy; t paUk; mikg; G ‘ngz; f Sf; F Rje; j pukhf gazpg; g jw; F s; s chpikia epiyehl; L Nthk; ” vd; w njhdpg; n ghUspy; gy nraw; g hLfis Vw; g hL nra; j pUe; j J. thrf ml; i lfs; > tP j p ehlfq; f s; > jP t h; j ; j pfs; ,irf; F Of; f s; > fyhrhu mk; r q; f s; vd; g d ghjahj; j piuiar; nrOikahf; f pa mNjNeuk; tP j papd; ,UGwq; f spYk; ghh; i tahsh; f spd;

ghypay; ty;YwT njhlh;gpy; rl;lhPjpahd jd;ikia tpsf;Fk; rl;lj;juzp \hkpyh jStj;j 2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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kdq;fspy; ngz;fs; vjph;Nehf;fpa gpur;ridfs; gw;wp vLj;Jiuj;jJ. ,e; j kfsph; jpdf; nfhz; l hl; l q; f s; ntw;wpfukhf mike;jnjd fl;lhakhfj; njhptpf;f Ntz; L k; . ,Uspy; my; y J ,utpy; ngz; f s; Rje;jpukhf ele;Jnry;y Ntz;LNknahopa mth;fs; ty;YwTf;F ,yf;fhff; $lhnjd;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;Lk; Kfkhf jPth;j;jpfs; Vw;wg;gl;ld. rpWth; mgptpUj;jp> kfsph; tYt+l;ly; mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; jpUkjp ,e;jpuhzp Rfe;jjhr mth;fspd; tho;jJ ; f;fSld; epfo;rr ; p Muk;gkhdJ. fl;Lehaf;f Rje;jpu th;jj ; f tyaj;jpd; rNfhjhpfspd; gq;Nfw;Gld; FUehfy;> nfhf;fiy> ghze;Jiw> tTdpah> fhyp Nghd;w J}ug;gpuNjrq;fspypUe;Jk; nfhOk;gpypUe;Jk; Rkhh; 1000 Ngh; t iu ,jpy; fye; J nfhz; l dh; . tpNrlkhf Rje;jpu th;jj ; f tyaj;ij mz;ba ngz; Copah; f spd; chpikfs; kw; W k; gpur; r idfs; njhlh; g py; nrayhw; W k; [h-vy gpuNjrj; j py; mike;Js;s lhgpe;J $l;Lk; (Dabindu Collective) Vf; f iy kfsph; epiyaKk; ( Women's Centre ) ,e; e pfo; r ; r pia ntw; w pngwr; nra; t jw; f hf ,yq;ifapd; jha;khh;fs; Gjy;tpah;fspd;nghUl;L fLk; Kaw;rpapy; <Lgl;ld. ,e; e pfo; r ; r papy; fye; J nfhz; l th; f s; ,g; ngz; f is ghypay; J\; g puNahfk; nra; A k; egh; f Sf; F fLikahd vjph; g ; i gAk; Ml; N rgj;ijAk; njhptpj;jdh;. ngz;fSf;F Rje;jpuj;Jld; gazpf;Fk; chpikia cWjpnra;AkhW nghWg;G tha; e ; j epWtdq; f splKk; egh; f splKk; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;fg;gl;lJ. NkYk; ,g;ngz;fs; ghypay; ty;YwTfspypUe;J tpLgl; L nfsutkhfj; jkJ njhopy; f is njhlh; t jw; f hd #o; e piyia Vw; g Lj; J khW Rl; b f; f hl; l g; g l; l NjhL nghWg; G tha; e ; j epWtdq;fs; vjph;fhyj;jpy; ,ij cWjpnra;Ankd ehk; vjph;ghh;f;fpd;Nwhk;. fl;Lehaf;f mthptj;j

jPth;j;jpfs; Ve;jpa ghjahj;jpiu re;ijf;fUfpy; khiy 6.00 kzpf;F Muk;gkhd ,g;ghj ahj;jpiu> fl;Lehaf;f ngz; njhopyhsh;fspd; ,y;yj;jpy; ,uT Rkhh; 10.00 kzpastpy; epiwTngw;wJ. Rje;jpu th;j;jf tyag; ngz;fSf;F kl;Lkd;wp ,yq;ifapd; xl;Lnkhj;jg; ngz;fs; re;jjpapdUk; Rje;jpukhf gazpf;Fk; tha;g;G ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vdNt ,jid xopg;gjw;F epWtdq;fSk; nfhs;if tFg; g hsh; f Sk; Kiwahd eltbf; i ffis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ghypay; ty;Ywtpy; <LgLk; egh;fisf; ifJnra;Ak; eltbf;iffs; Kiwg;gLj;jg;gl;L rptpy; cilapy; ifJ nra;Ak; Ntiyj;jpl;l nkhd; i wg; ghJfhg; G g; gphptpdh; nraw; g Lj; j Ntz; L k; . ghypay; td; K iwfs; njhlh; g py; kf;fSf;Fj; njhlh;eJ ; k; mwpt+l;Ljy; kw;Wk; FWfpa fhyj;jpy; mit kwf;fg;gLtij jtph;j;jy;. ,ijj; jdpahf xopf; f Kbahjjhy; midthpd; xj;Jiog;GlDk; mJ jdf;F jha;f;F kidtpf;F my;yJ jdJ rNfhjhpf;F Neh;eJ ; tplf; $Lnkd;gij kdjpy; nfhz; L mij r%fj; j pypUe; J xopf; f Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j jug;gpdUk; r%fKk; ,g;gpur;ridia ghuJ}ukhdnjhd; w hf vLj; J f; n fhs; s hikapdhYk; nghWg; G f; f is epiwNtw; w j; jtwpaikapdhYk; md; W Kjy; ,d; W tiu ngz; f s; td; K iwfs; > ,k; i rfs; > Jd; g q; f s; Nghd;wtw;Wf;F Kfk;nfhLf;f Neh;eJ ; s;sJ. ,e; e hl; b d; nghUshjhuj; j pw; F g; ngUk; gq;fspg;igr; nrYj;Jk; me;epar; nryhtzpiag; ngw;Wf;nfhLj;J ehl;il mgptpUj;jp nra;fpd;w Rje; j pu th; j ; j f tyag; ngz; f spdJk; ,lk; ngah;e;Js;s ngz; Copah;fspdJk; chpikfis ntd;nwLj;jy; xl;Lnkhj;j ,yq;ifah;fspd; ghhpa nghWg;ghFk;.•

Vf;fy> kfsph; epiyaj;jpd; fyhrhu FO muq;Nfw;Wk; tPjp ehlfk;...

NtyhAjk; n[arpj;jpuh

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2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

ngz;zpaj;jpd; kfj;Jtk;

nrhy; • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • 2006
ISSN 1391-958X

ml;ilg;glk; gw;wpa th;zidAk; RUf;fkhd gjpTk; : nfhOk;G> Gwf;Nfhl;ilapy; jd;Dila tPlb ; d; Kd;dhy; Xh; rpWkp rNfhjuu;fSld; ePupy; tpisahLtij ,g; Gifg;glk; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,JNthh; rhjhuz tpisahl;lhf ,Ue;j nghOjpYk; ,th;fSf;F Kbtpy;yhj FJfyj;ij mspj;Js;sJ. ml;ilg;glk; mD~;fh ngNuuh nfsut Mrphi p a rpj;uNyfh nksdFU nkhop ngaHg;G epuQ;[yh mUs;ez;jp nghd;idah rhe;jFkhu; ruit ghHj;jtH F`epjp FfNerd; ml;il kw;Wk; gf;fq;fs; tbtikg;G NtyhAjk; n[arpju ;h rQ;rpif ntspaL P ngz;fs; njhlHG Clfq;fSf;fhd $l;likg;G 174> my;tp]; xOq;if> fhry; tPjp> nfhOk;G 8> ,yq;if njhiyNgrp 94-11-5632045, 2690201, 5635900 njhiyefy; : 94-11-2690192, kpd;jghy; : womedia@sltnet.lk options@sltnet.lk

2006 • Kjyhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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