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nrhy; • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • 2006
ISSN 1391-958X

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2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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d;wh New;wh ngz; Rje;jpuk; Ngrg;gLfpwJ? ,y;iyNa. ,uz;L E}w;whz;Lfis tpl;L tpl;lhy; mjw;F Kd; ngz;zpd; epiyik ghpjhgfukhfj;jhd; ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ vd;gjpy; rpwpJk; re;Njfkpy;iy. rpwpa cjhuzq;fisf; nfhz;Nl ,ij epWtp tplyhk;. fztid ,oe;J tpl;lhy; ngz;Zf;F ngaH ifk; n gz; . rpWikAw; w ts; vd; g J ,r;nrhy;ypd; nghUs;. kidtpia ,oe;jtNsh rpWik miltNjapy;iy. Kbe;jhy; kWehNs mtd; fy;ahz khg;gps;is Mfp tpLfpwhd;. Vd; ifahz; vd;w nrhy; ahUf;Fk; njhpahkNy ,Uf;fpwJ. tpjit vd;w nrhy;Yf;F Mz;ghy; nrhy; jkpopy; ,y;iy. ek; ehl;L ,yf;fpaq;fspy; mNefkhdit ngz;fspd; fz; z P H f; fhtpaq; f s; . fztdpd; ,k; i rfis kdKte;J Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljhNyNa ngz;fspd; ngUik Ngrg;gl;lJ. nfhz;L te;j goj;ij gfpHe;J cz; Z f vd; w jhapd; thrfj; i j rhjkhf; f pf; nfhz;l fijAk; ek;kplk; jhd; cz;L. jtwhd eilapdhy; njhO Nehahspahd fztid $ilapy; itj;Jj; J}f;fpr; nrd;W fw;Gf;furp vd;W nganuLj;j ngz;Zk; ek; ehl;Lg ; ; ngz;Nz. ,uz; l hapuj; J ,UE}W Mz; L fSf; F Kd; FwnsOjpq ts;Std; kfspiu rpiwfhf;Fk; fhg;G vtd; nra;Ak; vd;W vOj Ntz;Lnkd;why; md;Nw ngz;iz jd; Raeyj;jpw;fhf Mz; rpiwitj;jhd; vd;W jhNd nfhs;s Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ ,J kl;Lkh gl;bdj;jhUk; 'fhnjd;W %f;nfd;W fz;nzd;W fhl;b vd; fz;nzjpNu khnjhd;W nrhy;yp tu khia jd;id kwyp (,kd;) tpl;lJ}njd;W vz;zhky;" vd;wy;yth ghbdhH. jdf;nfd;W xU jdpr; rl;lk; tFj;jJ md;iwa Mz; rKjhak;. jtwp tpOk; ngz;iz Nty; nfhz;L Fj;JtJ Nghy; Njb vLf;fg;gl;l nrhw;fs; Ntrp> jhrp> tpgr; r hhp vd; g it. Mz; kfd; vg; g b tho;e;jhYk; mtidAk; Gz;gLj;j Vd; md;iwa rKjhak; Mz;ghw; nrhw;fNs fz;Lgpbf;ftpy;iy? Ja; g ; g jw; F khj; j puk; ngz; i z Xuk; fl; b itj;jpUe;jhHfs;. md;W ngz;Zf;F nfhQ;rkhtJ Rje;jpuk; ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; xsitahUk;> GdpjtjpahUk;

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ngz; Rje;jpuk;> rkj;Jtk;> fy;tp> tpLjiy> ngz;zpak; vd;gtw;iw Nky; ehl;L fyhrhuj;jpd; gpujp gypg;ghf fUjhJ mtw;iw vkJ ,dk;> nkhop> gz;ghl;L fyhrhu ghuk;ghpaq;fSf; Nfw;g cs;thq;fp caHtila Ntz;Lk;.
Nky; e hl; L g; ngz; f Sk; md; w pypUe; N j Mzhjpf;fj;jpw;F vjpuhd chpikf;Fuy; nfhLj;J te;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;. ,q;F ngz; Rje;jpuk;> rkj;Jtk; fy;tp> tpLjiy> ngz;zpak; vd;gd fhyhjpfhykhf vq;fs; tuyhw;wpy; ,Ue;J te;j rpe;jidjhd;. Mdhy; Nky; e hLfspy; jhd; ,tw; w pw; f hd cUtk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJ nghUe;Jk; . mjhtJ tiutpyf;fzg; gLj;jg;gl;l ; J vdyhk;. 1792k; Mz;L Nkhp Ty;]N ; uhg; fpuhg; vd;w ngz;kzp gphpj;jhdpahtpy; ngz;fspd; chpikfis epiy epWj;JtJ vd;w njhdpapy; Fuy; nfhLj;jhH. 1893 ,y; epA+rpyhe;J ngz;fspd; chpikg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; cyfpy; Kjy; Kjyhf ngz;fSf;F thf;Fhpik fpilj;jJ. 1917 ,y; cyfpy; vy;yh ehLfspYk; khHr; khjk; 8e; jpfjp ngz; f s; jpdkhf gpufldk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. NkNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;l ngz;zpiy thjkhdJ. ngz;zpak; (Feminism) vd;W ghpzkpj;J tsHr;rp ngw;W tUfpd;wJ. Mrpa ehLfSld; xg;gpLk; NghJ ,yq;ifapy; ,J ngUkstpy; Ngzg;gLfpd;wJ. vdNt ngz; Rje;jpuk;> rkj;Jtk;> fy;tp> tpLjiy> ngz;zpak; vd;gtw;iw Nky; ehl;L fyhrhuj;jpd; gpujp gypg;ghf fUjhJ mtw;iw vkJ ,dk;> nkhop> gz;ghl;L fyhrhu ghuk;ghpaq;fSf; Nfw;g cs;thq;fp caHtila Ntz;Lk;. 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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js; s hLk; gUtj; i j tuk; Nfl; L ngw; w pUf; f khl;;lhHfNs! Ntjfhyj;jpNyNa ngz;iz jhahf nja;tkhf Nghw;wp ,Ue;jhYk; mJ mf;fhyj;jpNyNa khz;L tpl;lJ. gpd; te;j gy Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; Mz;fs; ngz;iz mbikahf> Mzpd; ntwpf;F kl; L k; gypahFk; tYtw; w re; j jpia kl; L k; cUthf;Fk; fUtpahf cgNahfpj;J te;jhHfs; vd;why; mJ kpifahfhJ. tP o ; r ; r pia mwpahj kaf; f k; > vOr; r pia fdtpYk; epidf; f hj Ngjik> nghUshjhu Rje;jpukw;W KJnfhbe;J Klq;fpf; fple;jhs; md;iwa ngz;. fztd; ,we; j Tld; kidtpia mtDld; itj;J vhpf;Fk; cld;fl;il vd;w tof;fk; ,Ue;jJ. mtSf;F thDyfk; fpl;Lk; vd;W ek;gg;gl;lJ. kidtp ,wf;Fk; nghOJ fztDk; thDyfk; tuyhNk vd;W Nfl;f mtSf;F JzptpUf;ftpy;iy. rpd;d rpd;d chpikfisf; $l Nfl;f Kbahj fhyfl;lj;jpy; tho;e;j ngz;Zf;F rk me;j];J gw; w pNah> Rje; j puk; gw; w pNah epidf; f f; $l tha;gg ; py;yhj NghJ VjhtJ Ngrth KbAk;. me;jf; fhyj;jpy; ahUNk ngz; tpLjiy gw;wpAk; mtsJ czHTfisg; gw;wpAk; rpe;jpf;ftpy;iyah vd;w Nfs;tp vOe;jhy; Mk; ,tw;iw gw;wp jpl;l tl;lkhf ,iwtdpd; rl;lk; nrhd;d ngUe;jif xUtH cz;L. mtHjhd; ,iwJ}jH Kfk;kJegp ]y;yy;yhF miy`p t]y;yk; mtHfs;. RkhH Mapuj;J ehD}W Mz;LfSf;F Kd;G mNugpahtpy; Njhd; w pa ,]; y hk; khHf; f j; j py;
ngz; kdij nfhs;is nfhs;Sk; ghlypd; ghly; thpfs; kl;Lkh? th;zr; rpj;jpuj;jpy; fPwg;gLk; cUtk; kl;Lkh? ghly; thp ,dpikapd; jhsk; kl;Lkh? ngz; tha;ikapd; xU iftpyq;F kl;Lkh? fyhrhuj;jpd; Xh; mq;fk; kl;Lkh? tpOkpaj;jpd; Xh; milahsk; kl;Lkh? ngz; ghypapy; tpiynghUs; kl;Lkh? mj;jpahtrpa Nritg; nghUs; kl;Lkh? vz;zj;jpd; gb fUj;Jiuf;f Kbahj Xh; Clfk; kl;Lkh? ngz; rfyhpd; tpUg;G ntWg;GfSf;F ,zq;f nray;gl Ntz;ba <d ,uf;fk; mw;w ,ae;jpuk; kl;Lkh?

ngz; g w; w p fP o ; f z; L Rje; j puf; fUj; J f; f s; $wg;gl;Ls;sd. fztd; jd; kidtpiaj; Jd;GWj;jhj fhyj;jpy; $l kidtpf;F gpbf;fhtpl;lhy; mts; (jyhf;) tpthftpyf;F Nfl;fyhk;. 'egpnkhop" ,];yhk; khHf;fj;jpy; kidtp xU fztDf;F fPog ; be;J elf;f Ntz;LNkad;wp mbikahf ,Uf;f Ntz; b ajpy; i y. fy; t p fw; g J Mz; > ngz; ,UghyhHf;Fk; flikahFk;. ngw;NwhNu jk;kfis xU khg;gps;isf;F kzk; Kbj; J itj; j hYk; ngz; tpUk; g htpl; l hy; mj;jpUkzk; nry;yhJ. Gfhhp \hPP / k; (Mjhuk; 'Kz;lhrf; ftpQhpd; K];yPk; Nerk; - khdh kf;fPd;") fy; y hdhYk; fztd; Gy; y hdhYk; GU\d; vd; w thjj; i j NtNuhL jfHj; J ngz; Z f; F Md;khTk; mwpTk; cz;L vd md;Nw czHj;jpatH Kfk;kJ egp mtHfs;. gy Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; mlf;fp Mz;l Mz; tHf;fj;ij ,g;nghOJ jhd; ehk; ngz; Rje;jpuk;> ngz; z pak; > rkepiy vd; W rw; W r; rP z ; b g; ghHf;fpNwhk;. Mk; vq;Nfh xU tpbnts;sp njhpfpwJ. vdg; g y Mjhuq; f NshL tphpthf tp\aq; f is vLj;Jf; $WfpwhH jpUkjp jpyftjp <];tud;.

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6

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vdg;gLk; kuGf;fij jpiug;glj;jpw;fhf gpuhd;rpd; fhd;]; (Cannes) jpiug;gl tpohtpy; jq;ff; fkuh (Camera Do’r) Tf;fhd tpUjpid ntd;whh;. 1996y; ,aw;wpa “FIRE” jpiug;glk; rkfhy ,e;jpahtpy; ghuk;ghpa tl ,e;jpa FLk;gf; fl;likg;gpDs; epyTk; td; K iw> jP a Fzq; f s; ghypay; njhy; i yfs; kw; W k; ngz; f s; mDgtpf; F k; Jd;gq;fs; vd;gtw;iw ntspr;rk; Nghl;L fhl;baJ. 1998y; ,aw; w pa EARTH 1947y; ,e; j pahTk; ghfp];jhDk; gpoTgl;Lr; nrd;wjd; ghhpa r%f – murpay; efh;it ghrp rpWghd;ik ,dj;ijr; rhh;ej ; xU rpWkpapd; ghh;itapD}lhf tpghpj;jhh;. 2005 Mz; b y; ,aw; w pa WATER jpiug; g lk; 1938y; ,e;jpahtpy; tpjitfs; mDgtpf;Fk; Jd;gfukhdJk; ftiyf; F hpaJkhd tho; i t xopTkiwtpd; w p gpujpgypf;fpwJ. 7

jPg;gh nkj;jh ,aw;wpa ,uz;L jpiug;glq;fs; mjp\;ltrkhfNth Jujp\;ltrkhfNth ,e;jpahtpy; ngUk; gugug; G f; F f; fhuzkhapd. “FIRE” jpiug;glk; jpiuaplg;gl;l jpiuauq;Ffis jPapl;Lf; nfhOj;Jk; mstpw;F by;yp> gk;gha;> g+dha; kw;Wk; #uj; rpdpkh ghh;itahsh;fs; td;Kiwahf ele;J nfhz; l dh; . ,j; j piug; g lj; j pd; %yk; nkj; j h ,e; j pag; ngz; f spilNa ny]; g pad; (xUghy; Gzh; r ; r pAs; s ngz; f spd; ) elj; i jia gpugy;ypag;gLj;j Kaw;rpg;gjhff; fLk;Nghf;Fs;s ,e; J f; f is murpay; rf; j pfshy; topelj; j pa fyff;fhuh;fs; thjpl;lhh;fs;. ,U rNfhjuh;fis kze;Js;s ngz;fs; ,Uth; jj; j kJ fzth; k hhpd; nfhLikfs; kw; W k; ftdaP d j; j pd; kj; j papy; mt; t pUtUk; ehSf;fhd midj;J Vw;ghLfisAk; nra;jpUe;j NghJ> mt;tplj;jpw;F mj;JkPwp Eioe;j Rkhh; 2000 xUtiunahUth; mZFk; Ngh; midj; i jAk; jP a pl; L f; tpjj; i j kpfTk; Mokhf nfhOj; j pdh; . jP g h nkj; j htpd; tp];jhpj;j “FIRE” jpiug;glk; jPg;gh nkj;jh cUtj; i jnahj; j nghk; i k ghypay; epiyf; F j; j s; s p cUtq;fSf;F md;iwa jpdKk; Njhy;tpailar;nra;a vLj;j rfy ,aw;wpa ,uz;L mLj;jLj;j jpdq;fspYk; gfpuq;f Kaw;rpfisAk; Njhy;tpailar; jpiug; g lq; f s; ,lq; f spy; jP itf; f g; g l; l J. nra; j J. midj; J yf hP j papy; mtUila tpkh; r dj; i jAk; ghh; i tahmjp\;ltrkhfNth nkj; j hTf; F k; jpiug; g lj; j py; gzpahw; w sh; f spd; ghuhl; i lAk; ngw; w Jujp\; l trkhfNth te; j pUe; j th; f Sf; F k; kuz “FIRE” jpiug; g l xspehlh mr; R Wj; j y; tpLf; f g; g l; l J. mJtiuapy; ,e; j pahtpy; ,e;jpahtpy; jpiug; g lj; i j ,af; F tjw; F mjpfstpy; tpw; g id ngUk; vjpuhf tpLf; f g; g l; l nra;ag;gl;Ls;s xspehlhthff; mr;RWj;jy;fs; kw;Wk; jhd; re;jpj;j fhzg;gl;lJ. gugug;Gf;Ff; ghhpa gz el;lk; vd;gtw;iwf; fhuzkhapd. 1988 Mk; Mz;by; ,e;jpahtpd; fUj; j py; n fhz; l nkj; j h gtefuj; j py; WATER by; y pf; F r; nrd; W jpiug;glj;ij ,af;Fk; gzpfis nghWg; G tha; e ; j egh; f Sld; Muk;gpj;j nkj;jh me;j Kbtpd; gpujpgyd;fis fye;Jiuahb midj;Jk; jzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf mwpe; j pUf; f tpy; i y. ,e; j pahtpd; kj; j pa vz; z p gtefuj; i j te; j ile; j hh; . vdpDk; murplkpUe; J k; gtefhpy; mike; J s; s khepy glg;gpbg;G njhlq;fpa rpy kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;Fs; murplkpUe;Jk; nkj;jh mDkjp ngw;whh;. jd;Dila mq; F te; j khepy mur cj; j pNahfj; j h; f s; jpiug; g lj; j pd; glg; g pbg; i gr; nra; a j; ,j;jpiug;glk; fhuzkhf mth;fSf;F gtefhpy; jPh;khdpj;jpUe;j jpdj;jpw;F Ke;jpa jpd ,uT mLj;j rl; l j; i jAk; mikjpiaAk; epiyehl; l Kbahjjhy; jpiug;glj;ij ,af;Fk; gzpfis cldbahf epWj; J khW mwptpj; j dh; . 1938y; ,e; j pahtpy; tpjitfs; njhlh; g hf epytpa kdpjNeakw; w rKjhar; rpe; j idfisAk; elj; i jfisAk; gpujhdkhff; nfhz; l jpiug; g lnkhd; i w ,af; F tjhy; Nkw; f j; j pa – mbtUbahd nkj; j h ,e; j pa ehl; i lAk; ,e; J gf; j h; f isAk; mtkjpg; g jhf ,k; K iw jpiug;glj;jpw;F vjpuhdth;fs; njhptpj;Js;sdh;. md;WNghy; ,d;Wk; Vd; 21 Mk; E}w;whz;bYk; fLk;Nghf;Fs;s ,e;Jg; gf;jh;fspilNa tpjitfs; Fwpj;j rpe;jidfs; kw;Wk; elj;ijfspy; khw;wk; Vw;gltpy;iy vd;gJ nkj;jh mth;fspd; fUj;jhFk;. 8 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

,t;thwhd ,ila+Wfspd; gpd; nkj;jh WATER jpiug; g lj; i j ,af; F k; jpl; l j; j pypUe; J rpy tUlq;fs; tpyfpapUe;jhh;. ,Wjpapy; mjhtJ 2003y; ,yq; i ff; F te; j nkj; j h “FULL MOON” vd; w ngha; g ; ngahpy; WATER jpiug; g lj; j pd; glg; g pbg; i g Nkw; n fhz; l hh; . ,e; J gf; j h; f s; ,we;jth;fis nfhz;Lnrd;W vhpf;Fk; ,lk; (ghat) gbNkil epiwe;j Rw;Wr;#oy; nghy;nfhl Mw;wpd; fiuapy; eph;khzpf;fg;gl;lJ. nfhOk;G [pe;Jk;gpl;b gpuNjrj;jpy; tPnlhd;W tpjitfs; ,y;ykhfTk; nfhs;Sg;gpl;b gpuNjrj;jpy; tPnlhd;W jdte;jh; ,y;ykhfTk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. 2005y; WATER jpiug;glk; re;ijf;F te;jJ. WATER ngz;fs; epiwe;j xU jpiug;glkhFk;. Foe;ij kidtp Ra;ah (Chuyya) vjph;ghuhj tpjkhf tpjitahf;fg;gLfpwhs;. mg;ngz;zpd; ngw;Nwhh; tof;fj;jpw;F mikthf mtiu mioj;Jr;nrd;W gtefhpy; cs; s tpjitfs; Mr; r puknkhd; w py; iftpLfpd;wdh;. ,we;j gpd;dh; ,Wjpf;fphpiffis kypthfr; nra; A k; vjph; g hh; g ; g pdhYk; kw; W k; Mw; w q; f iuapy; ,Wjpr; r lq; F nra; t jhy; Nkhl;rj;jpw;fhd top ,yFthfj; jpwf;fg;gLtjhYk; ,e; J gf; j h; f s; jk; FLk; g q; f isr; Nrh; e ; j tpjitfisg; Gdpjkhd fq;ifahd fq;if Mw;wpd; fiuapy; mike; J s; s efuq; f spy; iftpl; L r; nry;fpd;wdh;. tpjitfs; r%fj;jpd; gy;NtW ghj;jpuq;fs; Clhf nghJthd ftiyf;Fhpa tpjp kw;Wk; xt;nthUthpy; khWgl; l Njhw; w q; f s; Rghtq; f s; vkJ

mtjhdpg; G f; F ,yf; f hfpwJ. Ra; a h ( Chuyya ) rpWguhaj;jth; jdJ tpjp gw;wp mg;ngz;Zf;F njspthd Ghpe;Jzh;T fpilahJ. Mr;rpukj;ij eph; t fpf; F k; kJkjp tpjitfSf; F milf; f yk; nfhLg;gjhy; ed;ik milfpwhh;. Vidath;fs; kJkjpapd; Mizf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L mikjpahd tho;T tho;fpd;wdh;. Ra;ah (Chuyya) tpd; tUif ,g;ngz;fspy; ghhpa rydj;ij Njhw;Wtpf;fpwJ. jd;Dila tpjpf;Fj; jiyrha;f;Fk; gUtj;ijf;$l vl; l hj rpWkp vg; N ghJk; tpjitfspd; xNu jd; i kAs; s tho; T f; F rthy; tpLf; f pwhs; . mj;jUzk; tiuapy; jdJ tpjpia gagf;jpAld; Vw;wpUe;j ,staJ tpjit rFe;jyh mr;rpWkpapd; mjpraf; Fzj;jpd; Kd; Mr;rpukj;jpDs; fhzg;gLk; mikg;Gf;F rthy; tplj; J}z;lg;gLfpwhs;. Ra;ah (Chuyya) Tf;F md;G fhl;Lk; ,U ngz;fspy; xUth; Vidath;fisg;Nghy; nkhl;il Nghl;l tz;zk; ntz; z pw Mil cLj; j p vg; n ghOJk; rka mD\; l hdq; f spy; <LgLk; rFe; j yh Mthh; . mLj; j th; $e; j Yila eha; f ; F l; b nahd; i w nry;yg;gpuhzpahf tsh;j;JtUk; fy;ahzp. kJkjp fy; a hzpia ghypay; njhopypy; <LgLj; j p fpilf;Fk; gzj;ijf;nfhz;L rPtpak; elj;Jfpwhh;. kJkjp jPh;khdpf;Fk; nry;te;j tPLfSf;Fr; nry;Yk; fy;ahzp mij jdJ tpjpahf Vw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;shh;. ,t;tho;f;if Kiwf;F jpBnud ehuhazd; vd;w ,isQdpd; tUif ,lk;ngWfpwJ. ,J 1938y; eilngWfpwJ. ,e;j ,isQd; kfhj;khtpDila Rje;jpug;Nghuhl;lj;jpd; gq;fhsp.

2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

9

nry; t k; kw; W k; Fy typik epiwe; j jdJ tho; i tg; Gwf; f zpj; J mth; fy; a hzpia kze;Jnfhs;s tpUk;Gfpwhh;. vdpDk; Mr;rpukj;jpd; mikg;Gk; ntsp gpuhkzh;thj jdte;jh; mikg;Gk; ,r; n raiy Vw; f j; j ahhpy; i y. kJkjp fy; a hzp jd;id tpl;Lr; nry;y ,lkspf;ftpy;iy. ,Wjpapy; kJkjpia Gwf; f zpj; j rFe; j yh kJkjpia tpLtpf;fpwhh;. vdpDk; fhyk; fle;J tpl;lJ. Ra;ah (Chuyya) nry;te;j me;jzzpd; gpbapy; mfg;gl;L tpLfpwhs; . jd; i dj; jpUkzk; nra; J nfhz; l ehuhazdpd; je; i japdJk; FLk; g j; j pd; Mz; cwtpdh;fsJk; jPa nray;fisAk; fhkj;ijAk; mDgtpj; j fy; a hzpf; F vjph; f hyk; ,Us; #o; e ; J s; s ik njhpfpwJ. fy; a hzp jw; n fhiy nra;Jnfhs;fpwhs;. ,g;gaq;fu eltbf;ifapdhy; Mr; r pukk; epiyjLkhWfpwJ. Ra; a h ( Chuyya ) mg; g pbapypUe; J kP s ; t jw; F fhe; j pabfspdJk; ehuhazdpdJk; Rje; j pug; Nghuhl; l k; top fhl;LfpwJ. WATER jpiug;glk; xg;gw;w xU gilg;ghFk;. [apy; ] ; El; N fd; ] ; ( Gils Nuttgens ) mth; f spd; xspg;gjpT fijf;fUtpd; Jd;g kw;Wk; nfh^ukhd Rghtq; f is uk; k pakhd fhl; r pfs; rpj; j hpf; f Kaw; r pg; g ijf; fhzKbfpwJ. mNjNghy; jpiug;glj;jpd; fl;Lf;Nfhg;G “rhjhuz tpjj;jpy;” Kjy; ,il fil vd fr; r pjkhf mikag; ngw;Ws;sJ. ele;j gy rk;gtq;fs; mt;thW ele;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk; vd Kd;$l;bNa vk;ik fw;gid nra;a itf;fpwJ. yPrhNuapd; fy;ahzp ghj;jpuKk; vg; u `hkpd; ehuhazd; ghj; j puKk; kNdhfuk; mth;fspd; md;Gk; mjd; kNdhfuKk; gphptpy; jq; f pAs; s J. jiytpjp Nghy; mth; f spd; gphpT mikfpwJ Nghd;wJ. nkj;jh kpfTk; rpwg;ghfTk; NkNyhl; l khfTk; jd; D ila kuGf; f ijia njhlf; f j; j pypUe; J ,Wjptiu ruskhf gilg; g jw; f hf xspg; g jpT xypaikg; G ebg; G rq;fPjk; ,af;fk; vd;gtw;iw newpg;gLj;jpAs;shh;.

xU Gwj;jpy; tpjitahtij Mjhukhff;nfhz;L jkJ r%f chpik Mf;fg;gl;Ls;s xU njhFjpg; ngz;fs;. kWGwj;jpy; mth;fs; tpjitfs; Mr;rpukj;jpw;Fk; mjDs; “tho;tpd;NghJ rhTf;Fk;” ,iwahf;Fk; r%fNk Mzhjpf;f tpOkpaq;fis Ngzpf; fhj;j tz;zk; NkYk; xU gFjpg; ngz;fspd; ghypay; ciog;igr; Ruz;LfpwJ.
WATER jpiug; g lj; j pD}lhf ntspf; n fhzug; g Lk; mtyj; i j kpfTk; fr; r pjkhf xOq; f ikg; g jpy; nkj; j h ntw; w pngw; W s; s ik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. Kjyhspj;Jtk; kw;Wk; Fythj Ml;rp mjpfhuq;fs;> Mzhjpf;f rpe;jidthj r%fg; ghq;fpDs; ngz;fSf;F Kfk;nfhLf;f Neh;e;Js;s Jd;gq;fis nkj;jh ed;F milahsk; fhz;fpwhh;. xU Gwj;jpy; tpjitahtij Mjhukhff;nfhz;L jkJ r%f chpik Mf;fg;gl;Ls;s xU njhFjpg; ngz; f s; . kWGwj; j py; mth; f s; tpjitfs; Mr;rpukj;jpw;Fk; mjDs; “tho;tpd;NghJ rhTf;Fk;” ,iwahf;Fk; r%fNk Mzhjpf;f tpOkpaq;fis Ngzpf; fhj; j tz; z k; NkYk; xU gFjpg; ngz;fspd; ghypay; ciog;igr; Ruz;LfpwJ. ,e;j jP i kfSk; neUf; f bfSk; WATER vdg; g Lk; jpiuf;fhtpaj;jpy; nghjpe;Js;sik khj;jpukpd;wp mit nkj;jhtpd; gilg;ghw;wiyAk; giwrhw;wp epw;fpd;wd. •

tp];tg; gphpah
10 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Nk 27
t;nthU Mz;bYk; Nk khjk; 27Mk; jpfjp cyfk; KOtjpYKs;s ngz;fs; kfsph; Rfhjhuk; gw; w pa gy; N tW nraw; g hLfspy; <Lgl;L khDl th;f;fj;jpd; Nkk;ghl;bw;Fk; ngz; f spd; tsh; r ; r pf; F k; Rfhjhuk; ve; j sT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tfpf;fpwJ vd;w tplak; Fwpj;J nghJkf; f spd; ftdj; i j mtjhdpj; J tUfpd;wdh;. 2006 Mz;L ngz;fs; vr;.I.tp./ vapl;]; njhw;Wf;F Mshtij fl;Lg;gLj;JtJ Fwpj;j ftdk; nrYj;jg;gl;lJ. 2006 mstpy; cyfk; KOtjpYKs; s ngz;fspd; vz;zpf;ifapy; vr;.I.tp. itu]; njhw; w pAs; s ngz; f spd; vz; z pf; i f 17.5 kpy;ypadhFk;. nghJthf Mzhjpf;f r%f ghq;F fhuzkhf ghypay; Rje;jpuj;ijAk; njhpitAk; kpfr; n rhw; g mstpy; mDgtpf; F k; ngz; f s; ghhpastpy; vr;.I.tp. njhw;Wf;F MshfpapUg;gij ehk; vt;thW tpsq;fpf;nfhs;s KbAk;? caphpay; tpQ;Qhd hPjpapy; Nehf;Fk;NghJ ghypay; cWg; G f; f spd; mikT fhuzkhf ngz;fs; mjpfkhf vr;.I.tp. itu]; njhw;Wf;F ,yf;fhfpd;wdh;. Vndd;why; Nahdp topapy; my;yJ mjid mz;kpj;jjhf rpwpastpy; cuha;T ,Uf;Fkhdhy; mt;topahy; itu]; clypDs;Gf tha; g ; G s; s J. mNjNghd; W mNefkhd ngz; f Sf; F ghJfhg; g hd ghypay; elj; i jnahd; W f; F Nguk; N gr my; y J tpz; z gpf; f tha; g ; G f; f s; FiwthfNt fhzg; g Lfpd; w d. ngz; f spd; mwpahik vOj; j wptpd; i k> r%f tho; t py; gpuNtrpg; g jw; F s; s jilfs; kw; W k; fl;Lg;ghLfs; fhuzkhf ghJfhg;gw;w ghypay; elj; i jfshy; njhw; w f; $ ba Neha; f s; gw; w p mwptjw; F my; y J mjw; F jFe; j rpfpr; i r jpUkzk; my;yJ cwtpYk;$l td;KiwAk; gyte;jKk; ,d;wp ghypay; elj;ijapy; <Lgl cs; s tha; g ; G f; f s; Mz; f isg; N ghd; W ngz;fSf;Fk; FiwthfNt cs;sJ. mjw;fhd re;jh;g;gq;fSk; Fiwthf cs;sd. mNjNghy;. jkJ FLk;g cWg;gpdh; xUtUf;F vr; . I.tp / vapl; ] ; njhw; W k; re; j h; g ; g j; j py; guhkhpg; G eltbf; i ffSf; F ngUk; g hYk; ngz;fNs Kd;tUfpd;wdh;. vr;.I.tp/vapl;]; njhw; w pd; fhuzkhf njhopnyhd; i w nra; a Kbahj epiyf; F MshFk; fzth; k hhpd; 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

x

kfsph; Rfhjhu jpdk;
gps;isfs; kw;Wk; cwtpdh;fis guhkhpj;jy; kw; W k; topelj; j y; nghWg; G f; f isr; Rkg;gth;fSk; ngz;fshfNt cs;sdh;. ,e; j g; nghWg; G f; f is ntw; w pfukhf epiwNtw;Wtjw;Fj; Njitahd trjpfs;> r%f eyd; G hpr; Nritfs; toq; F tjpy; gy murhq;fq;fs; Njhy;tpfisNa fz;bUf;fpd;wd. vr;.I.tp/vapl;]; gw;wp r%fj;jpy; epyTk; gpioahd fUj;Jf;fs; fhuzkhf ghugl;r ftdpg;GfSf;Fk; nfhr; i rg; g Lj; j Yf; F k; ,yf; f hFk; tpjj; i j czh;ej ; th;fs; itu]; gw;wpNah my;yJ mjDld; rk; g e; j g; g l; l gy; N tW Neha; f s; gw; w pNah gfpuq;fkhf fijg;gjpy; jaf;fk; fhl;Lfpd;wdh;. ,jd; fhuzkhf mth; f Sf; F j; Njitahd kUe;Jfs; rpfpr;ir my;yJ ghJfhg;G ,y;yhky; Ngha;tpLfpwJ. cyfkakhf;fy; fhuzkhf ,d;W cyfj;jpy; fhzg; g Lk; kUe; J cw; g j; j p fk; g dpfspd; Vfhjpgj;jpaj;jpdhy; twpa kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp mile;JtUk; ehLfSf;Fj; Njitahd vr; I tp / vapl;];f;fhd rpfpr;iria ngwKbahJs;sJ. Gyikr; nrhj; J hpikia eph; t fpf; F k; rl; l xOq;Ffis gad;gLj;jp vr; I tp clypDs; GFk; Rfhjhu gpujp$yq;fis jw;fhypfkhfNtDk; fl;Lg;gLj;jf;$ba kUe;J tiffis cw;gj;jp nra; A k; jdp chpikia ntd; n wLj; J s; s gy;Njrpa fk;gdpfs; rpyNt. 2005 Mz;bWjpapy; vr; I tp fl;Lg;ghl;bw;fhf (Fzg;gLj;jYf;F my;y) gad;gLj;Jk; Anti Retro – Viral (ARV) kUe;J NjitahfTs;s Rkhh; 4 kpy;ypad; kf;fSf;F mJ fpilf;ftpy;iy vd mwpf;iffs; njhptpf;fpd;wd. 2007 Mz;by; ,yq;ifapy; Mrpa – gRgpf; gpuhe;jpa vr; I tp / vapl;]; gw;wpa $l;lnkhd;W eilngwTs;sJ. mjpy; ngz;fs; kw;Wk; vr; I tp / vapl; ] ; njhlh; g hd tpNrl gpur; r idfs; rpf;fy;fs; Fwpj;J ftdj;jpw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lkhapd; ehk; jw; N ghjpUe; N j mg; g pur; r idfs; kw; W k; rpf;fy;fs; Fwpj;J nghJ kf;fspd; ftdj;ij jpUg;Gk; gzpfis Muk;gpf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ. • Rdpyh mNgNrf;fu 11

vkJ cly;

Mz; ngz; mrkj;Jtj;jhy; ghjpg;Gf;Fs;shFk;

ghypay; tho;T
dpjdpd; mbg;gil czu;Tfspy; xd;whd ghypay; czu;T r%fj;jpy; epyTfpd;w rkkw;w Mz-;ngz; ghy; epiyahy; NtWgl;L epw;fpwJ. mjhtJ MZk; ngz;Zk; ghypay; gw;wpa Ghpjiy kpf NtWgl; l fUj; j hf; f q; f spDhlfNt Ghpe;Jnfhs;fpd;wdh;. ,jdhy; ghypay; jd;ikf;Fk; ( Sexuality ) ghy; epiyj; jd; i kf; F k; ( Gender ) ,Uf;ff; $ba cwT epiy Mz;ngz; ghypay; tho;tpYk; kW cw;gj;jp MNuhf;fpaj;jpYk; jhf;fk; nrYj;JfpwJ. ngz; f Sf; nfjpuhd td; K iwfSk; > tP l ; L td;KiwfSk; mjpfstpy; vr;.I.tp. njhw;Wf;F ngz; f s; cs; s htJk; kw; W k; Foe; i jfs; J\; g puNahfj; J f; F cs; s htJk; $l Mz; ; n gz; Z f; f pilapy; ,Uf; F k; ghypay; gw; w pa GupjyhYk; tho;f;if KiwahYk; Vw;gl;lNj. ,yq;if Nghd;w fPioj;Nja, tsu;Kf ehLfspy; ghypay; tho;T ngz;fSf;F ngUk; rthyhfj;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. kjq;fshYk;> kuG rhu;e;j tho;f;if KiwahYk; fl;bnaOg;gg;gl;l kf;fs; FSkq;fs; tho;fpd;w ,yq;ifapy; Mzhjpf;f jd;ikfs; ngz;fspd; ghypay;py;jhd; ikak; nfhs;fpd;wd. nghJthfNt je;ij topr; r%fk; ngz;fspd; ghypaiy mlf;Ftjd; %yNk jk;ik epiyepWj;jpf; nfhz; l d. jkf; f hd thupir cWjpg; g Lj; j ngz;fspd; ghypaiy fl;Lg;gLj;j Ntz;ba Njit mtu; f Sf; F cUthdJ. ,J cyfpd; kdpjFy tuyhW. kjq; f shYk; kughu; e ; j tho; f ; i f KiwfshYk; fl;Lg;gl;bUf;Fk; ,yq;if kf;fspd; tho;f;if Kiwapy; gyk; nghUe;jpa Mzhjpf;fk; ,Uf;fpwJ. ngz;zpd; kPjhd Mzpd; mjpfhuk;, 12

k

Nkyhjpf; f fUj; J Uthf; f k; GidTfshy; fl; b naOg;gg;gLk; NghJ mq;F ghypapy; Kf;fpa ,lk; tfpg;gij fhzKbfpd;wJ. ,yq; i fapy; rpq; f stu; f s; , jkpou; f s; > ,]; y hkpah; f s; vd gy; y pd kj fiy fyhrhuq;fisf; nfhz;ltu;fs; tho;fpd;wdu;. je;ij topr; r%f kugpy; kjq;fspd; jhf;fKk; Mz;-ngz; ghypay; tho;it jPu;khdpf;fpd;wJ. me;j tifapy;; kpFe;j Vw;wj;jho;Tldhd Mz;-ngz; ghypay; tho;it ,yq;ifapy; ,dk; fhz KbfpwJ. nghJthf ,yq;if jkpou;fs; ,e;jpa jpiug;gl fyhrhuj; j py; cstpay; hP j pahf jk; i k ,izj; J f; n fhz; l th; f s; . ,jdhy; jhd; mNdfkhd ngz;fs; jkf;fhd ghypay; tho;T xd;W ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij Vw;Wf; nfhs;tNj ,y;iy. jd; i d xU MZf; F nfhLj; j y; Kiwapy; “ vd; i dNa cdf; F j; je; N jd; ’ vd; W jhd; $Wfpwhu;fs;. jd; cly; gw;wpa Gupjy; kpf mupjhfNt ngz;fSf;F ,Uf;fpwJ. Kfj;ij moFgLj;Jtjpy; clYf;F Mil mzptjpy; ,Uf;Fk; Mu;tk; cly; gw; w pa Gupjypy; ,y; i y. jd; cliy jhNd fl;Lg;gLj;j Kbahj gupjhg tho;it mjpfkhf %tpd (jkpo; > rpq; f s>K]; y pk; ) ngz; f Sk; nfhz;Ls;sdh;. ghy;tpidj; njhopyhsu;fs; $l jk; cliy tpw; f pd; w epiyapYk; mtu; f sJ fl; L g; g hl; b y; mtu; f sJ cly; ,y; i y. mq; N f ngUk; Ruz;ly;fSf;F mtu;fs; Mshfpd;wdu;. ,NjNeuk;> ngz;fs; jk; cliy m#irahf ghu;f;fpd;w kuG cs; s hu; j ; j khf fl; l ikf; f g; g l; b Uf; f pwJ (jP l ; L , ghypay; gyhj; f huj; j pw; F cl; g l; l epiyikapy; ,t;ntz;zq;fs; NkNyhq;fpapUg;gij 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

ntspg; g ilahf mtjhdpf; f Kbak; ) . kWGwk; fpioj; N jaq; f spy; mtsJ cliy Ms; t jw; F ,d; n dhUtd; cs; s hd; vd; w epiy tsu;ff ; g;gLfpwJ. “fztd; kl;Lk; fhZk; moif filapy; Nghl;L fhl;LwpNa’ vd;w rpdpkh ghly; Kjy; “Nfhupf;if mw;W fplf;F Ntupy; gOj;j gyh’ vd;W tpjitfisg; ghu;j;Jr; nrhd;d ghujpjhrd; tiu ngz;zpd; ghypay; jd; i k ahNuh xUtUf; f hdJ vd; w fUj;ijNa nfhz;lJ.

mwpe;jjhfj;jhd; $wpdu;. ,J ve;jstpw;F xU jukhd ghypay; mwpit mtu;fSf;F toq;fpapUf;Fk;?,d;W (2006) ,yq;ifapy; 5 kpy;ypaDf;Fk; mjpfkhd 1524 tajpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l ,isQh;fs; vr; [ tp njhw;Wf;F MshfpAs;sdh; vd njhptpf;fg;gLfpwJ. FUld; FUlDf;F topfhl;baJ Nghy; jhd; ghypay; mwpitg; ngWfpd; w dh; . ,NjNeuk; ngz;fisg; nghWj;jstpy; efu;gG ; w ngz;fis tpl fpuhkg; G w ngz; f s; kpf Fiwe; j sT ghypay; mwpitAk; mNjNeuk; kpf Fiwe;j tajpy; ghypay; mDgtj;ijAk; ngWk; tha;gG ; ,Uf;fpwJ.

,jw; F rkkw; w my; y J Kw; w hf NtWgl; l epiyikfspD}lhf Mz; ngz; ghypay; tho;T fpuhkj; j py; ,staJ jpUkzk; %tpd fl;likf;fg;gLfpd;wikNa fhuzk;.,jd;NghJ kf;fsplKk; cz;L. mj;Jld; fpl;ba cwtpdu;fs; xUtUf; n fhUtu; nfsutkhd KiwapNyh %yk; rpWtajpy; J\;gpuNahfj;jpw;F cs;shFk; xUtUf;nfhUtu; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;Sk; KiwapNyh mtyq;fSk; cz;L.,J Mz; ngz; ,UtUf;FNk ele;NjWfpd;wd. ghypay; tho;it Nkw;nfhs;tNjh> jukhd MNuhf; f pakhd ghypay; ngz;fSf;F vjpuhd midj;J tho; i tAk; kW cw; g j; j p ghugl; r khd ghFghl; L ,dq;fs; jk; cupikiaAk; ngWtNjh tbtq; f is mfw; W k; nghUl; L jdpj;jd;ikia rhj;jpakw;wJ. cUthd xg; g e; j cld; g bf; i f NgZfpd;w NghJ “rPNlh (CEDAW) mjpy; cWg;Giu ,yq; i fapy; jukhd ghypay; mq;Nf ngz;fs; 10 ,y; cly; eyk; Fwpj;Jf; fw;fTk;> tho; T f; F MNuhf; f pakhd kW jhd; fyhrhu ghypay; fy; t p ngwTk; cupik cw; g j; j pf; F k; ghypay; fy; t p fhtpfshfTk;> cs;sJ vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ. mij rhj;jpakhdJ vd;gij Gupe;J nfhs;s FwpaPLfshfTk; muR ve; j stpw; F eil Kbe; j hYk; mij ghlrhiyapy; cs;sdu;. vdNt Kiwg;gLj;JfpwJ? r%fk; ve;jstpw; njhlq; f KbAkh? ve; j tajpy; ngz;fs; Vw; W f; nfhs; f pwJ.? vd; g d njhlq; F tJ? ngw; N whu; fl; l ikf; f g; Nfs;tpfshfj;jhd; cs;sd. fijf;fyhkh? kj rk;gujhaq;fSf;F gl;bUf;Fk; ,J Vw; w jh? Nghd; w gy; N tW ,yq;if FLk;gj;jpl;lr;rq;fk; Kiwik Nfs; t pfs; Kd; n dOfpd; w d. ,stajpdupilNa “ghypaYk; kW Kf;fpakhdJ. ,tw; W f; f hd tpilfis %tpd cw;gj;jp MNuhf;fpaKk;’ njhlu;ghf kf; f Sk; ,ize; N j ,dk; fUj; j uq; F fis itj; j hYk; kpf fhzNtz;Lk;. Fiwe; j stpyhdtu; f Ns ,jpy; gq; F nfhs; t J mJ rhj;jpakh? ,dq;fs; jk; jdpj;jd;ikia njupatUfpwJ. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; “ghypay;’ gw;wp ekJ NgZfpd;w NghJ mq;Nf ngz;fs; jhd; fyhrhu r%fk; nfhz;bUf;ff;$ba vz;zg;ghq;FfshFk;. fhtpfshfTk;> FwpaPLfshfTk; cs;sdu;. vdNt 2001 ,y; ,Ue;J 2003 tiuahd fhyg;gFjpapy; ngz; f s; fl; l ikf; f g; g l; b Uf; F k; Kiwik ,yq;if FLk;gj;jpl;lr;rq;fk; elj;jpa “ghypaYk; Kf;fpakhdJ. me;j Kiwikfspy; khw;wj;ij ve;j kW cw; g j; j pf; f hd MNuhf; f paKk; “ gw; w pa ,dKk; tpUk; G tjhf ,y; i y. ,e; j Neuj; j py; fUj; j uq; F fspy; MW ghlrhiyfspy; “ n`y; j ; ,yq;ifapy;; ve;jstpw;F Mz; ngz; rkj;Jt fpsg;’ mikf;fg;gl;likAk;> fl;Lehaf;f Rje;jpu ghypay; tho;Tf;F mikg;Gfs; epWtdq;fs; cjt tu; j ; j f tyaj; j py; Ntiy nra; N thUf; f hf KbAk; vd;W ghu;f;fyhk;. mNdfkhf jpUkzkhd elj; j g; g l; l fUj; j uq; F fSk; Fwpg; g plj; j f; f d. jk;gjpapdupilNa jhd; ,Jgw;wp fijf;fg;gLfpwJ. MdhYk; ,it Nghjpajhf ,y;iy. mJ$l kW cw; g j; j papy; (Foe; i j Ngw; w py; ) jpUkzj;jpw;F Kd; jk;gps;isfSf;F ghypaYk; Vw;gLfpd;w gpur;rpidfspd; NghJ jhd; ,Jgw;wp kW cw;gj;jp; MNuhf;fpaKk; njhlu;ghd mwpit> fijg;gjw;F jk;gjpapdu; Kd;tUfpd;wdu;. jftiy toq;f gy ngw;Nwhu; rk;kjpg;gjpy;iy. Mz; mjw;F Kd;dhd fhyg;gFjp> jpUkzj;jpw;F ngz; rkj;Jtkw;w ,e;j r%fj;jpy; ghypay; rhu;eN ; j Kd; d hd gUt taJ vd; g d Kf; f pakhdit. ngz; i z fl; L g; g Lj; J fpd; w ,e; j r%fj; j py; > ,yq;ifapy; 30 tajpw;F ,ilg;gl;ltu;fspilNa ghypay; gw;wpAk; kW cw;gj;jp gw;wpAk; njspthd vLf;fg;gl;l xU Ma;tpy; 75% Mdtu;fs; jhk; mwpT ,UtUf;Fk; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mjpYk; ghypaiy ez; g u; f s; > glq; f s; %yk; 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy; 13

ngz;fs; ,e;j mwpit ngWtjpy; ghugl;rk; cz;L. mjhtJ; kW cw;gj;jpah? ——ngz;fSf;F 'Xf;Nf" ghypay;?—— Ntz;lhk;! Mz;fSf;F ghypay;?—— 'Xf;Nf" kW cw;gj;jp? ———mtrpak; ,y;iy ,e;j epiyjhd; ,Uf;fpwJ ,yq;if kf;fspd; kdg;ghq;fpy;. ,J kjfyhrhu fl;likg;ghYk; mjdhy; Vw; g l; b Uf; F k; Mz; ngz; rkj;Jtkpd;ikahYk; Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;j epiyikfs; khw;wpaikf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ghypay; gw;wp ez;gu;fs; %yKk;> glq;fs; %yKk; mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; ngUk;ghyhNdhu; fUj;jil gw;wp vJTk; mwpahjtu; f shfNt cs; s du; . ,jdhy; ghjpf; f g; g LtJ ahu; ? kP z ; L k; ngz; f s; j hd; > Ntz; l hj fu; g ; g k; ! fUf; f iyg; G . ,yq; i fapy; fUf;fiyg;G jil nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,e;j epiyapy; rl; l tpNuhj fUf; f iyg; G fs; ngz; f spd; MNuhf; f paj; i j ghjpf; f pwJ. rpy Ntisfspy; capUf;Fk; Mgj;ij Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. ,yq;ifapy; rl;l tpNuhjkhf fUf;fiyg;gpy; <LgLgtu;fspy; mNdfu; jpUkzkhd ngz;fs; jhd; vd; W jfty; f s; $Wfpd; w d.mNjNeuk; ,d; W (2006) 324 FLk; g ngz; f s; vr; [ tp njhw;Wf;Fs;shfpAs;sdh; vd Njrpa vapl;]; jLg;G epiya gzpg; g hsh; Fwpg; g pl; L s; s hh; . Vd; ,e; j epiy? ,e; j ,lj; j py; kW cw; g j; j p rhu; e ; j MNuhf;fpaj;jpy; Mzpd; gq;F vd;d? xU fztdpd;> je; i japd; gq; F vd; d ? FLk; g myfpw; F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;Fk; ,yq;if Nghd;w ehLfspy; Mz; ngz; ,UtUf;Fkhd gq;fhw;wy; FLk;gk; rhu;eJ ; fzpg;Gg; ngWtjpy;iy (ngz;fSf;F kl;Lk; FLk;gk; rhu;e;jJ> Mz;fSf;F r%fk; rhu;e;jJ) ,jdhy; > ,g; g b kjq; f s; fyhrhuq; f Sld; gpd; d pg; gpize; J fhzg; g Lk; Mz; ngz;

mrkj; J tepiy kpf ngupa ,ilntspiaf; nfhz;lJ. ,e;j rkj;Jtkw;w ghy; epiyj; jd;ikahdJ(un balance Gender) ghypaypYk;> (Sexuality) jhf;fk; nrYj;j ngz;Zf;F ghypay; tho;T xU ngUk; rthyhfpwJ.my;yJ gpur;ridf;Fhpanjhd;whfpwJ. ,e; j rthiy vjpu; n fhs; s Mz; ngz; ,UtUf;Fkhd ghypay; fy;tpAk;> kW cw;gj;jp rhu;eJ ; Mz;fSf;Fk; NghjpasT mwpT+l;lYk; mtrpak;. ,NjNeuk;> vr;.I.tp. njhw;Wf;Fk; ngz;fNs mjpfstpy; Mshfpd;wdu; vd;gjw;F ngz;fspd; cly; mikg; i g xU fhuzkhff; $wpdhYk; > r%fj;jpy; ngz;zpd; epiy> juk; vd;gdTk; ,jpy; ngUksT nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;Jfpd;wd. mjhtJ ghypay; njhopy; nra; A k; epiyik> fztdpd; ghypay; tpUg;ig epuhfupf;f Kbahik> ghypay; ty; Y wTf; F ,yFthf cl; g Ljy; Nghd; w d ngz; f spd; ghypay; tho; i t mr;rj;jpw;Fs;shf;Ffpd;wd. ghypay; rhu;ej ; nkhopiaf; $l ngz; gad;gLj;j Kbahj nfhLik jkpo; r%fj;jpy; cz;L. mz;ikf;fhyj;jpy; ,e;jpahtpy; “ngz; nkhop’ rhu;ej ; gpur;rpid ,j;jifaNj. mjhtJ ngz;Zly; rhu; e ; J ngz; f shy; vOjg; g l; l ftpijfSf; F jkpofj;jpy; ngUk; vjpu;gG ; fpsk;gpaJ. mg;gb ghba ngz;fis kpfTk; fPoj ; j ; ukhf tpku;rpf;Fk; ,yf;fpa [hk;gthd;fisAk; fhz Kbe;jJ. ngz;fspd; ghypaiy itj; N j gpiog; G elj; j pa Mz; ,yf;fpathjpfSf;F ngz;fspd; ghypay; typfs; nfhLikfs; ngz;fshy; vLj;Jf; $wg;gl;l NghJ rfpf;f KbahJ NghdJ. mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; “F\;G’ vd;w ebif ngz;fspd; ghypay; jd;ik gw;wp $wpa fUj;Jf;F fpsg;gg;gl;l ngUk; ru;ri ; rAk; ftdj;jpy; vLf;fj;jf;fJ. kpfg;ngUk; murpay; tl;lhuq;fspy; ru;r;ir fpsk;g jkpo; fyhrhuk; ,k;rpf;fg;gl;ljhf jkpo; ngz;fs; khdk; gwpf;fg;gl;ljhf fUj;Jfs; Kd;itf;fg;gl;ld. ,g;gb ngz;fs;> ngz;fspd; ghypay; rhu;e;j fUj;Jf;fis ntspg;gLj;jpdhy; mij fyhrhu Glk; Nghl; L mbj; J tP o ; j ; J tJk; > rk; g e; j g; g l; l ngz;fis ghypay; uPjpahfNt jhf;FtJk;> ngz;fs; ghypaiy mwpe;J nfhs;tij jpl;lkpl;L jLf;fpwJ. r%f xOq;F vd;gJ ngz; clYf;F Nghlg;gLk; G+l; L kl; L k; j hd; vd; W epidj; J f; nfhz; L ,aq; F k; Mz; i ka fUj; J Uthf; f q; f s; xU rkj; J tkhd nfsutkhd Mz; ngz; cwT epiyapy; cilgl Ntz;Lk;. MZf;Fk; ngz;Zf;Fk; kdpj ghypay; gw;wpAk;> kW cw;gj;jp gw;wpAk; njspthd mwpT nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,J kdpj cupik rk;ge;jg;gl;lJ. kj

ehd; mij ghh;j;Njd;
tof;fkhd;W ghYwT Gw ;ij aj Neha; mghF Fiwf; k;

14

2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

fyhrhuq;fSf;Fs; fl;Lg;gl;L ghugl;rkhf ,e;j mwpT fpilf; F khapd; mjpy; ghjpf; f g; g LtJ ngz;jhd;. re;Njh\khd ghypay; tho;itAk;> jukhd kW cw; g j; j p MNuhf; f paj; i jAk; xt; n thU egUk; ngWtij muRk; muRrhuh epWtdq; f Sk; cWjpg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. mJ kl;Lky;yhky; kj epWtdq;fs; $l> ,ij cWjpg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. ,d; i wa fhyj; j py; gy; N tW njhopy; f spYk; <Lgl;Ls;s ngz;fs; kW cw;gj;jpapYk; jpl;lkpl Ntz; b a Njit cs; s J. vj; j id Foe; i jfs; Ntz; L k; > vg; N ghJ Ntz; L k; Nghd; w tw; i w rpe;jpf;Fk; Mw;wYk; tYTk; mwpTk; ,UtUf;FNk Ntz;Lk;. FLk;gf;fl;Lg;ghL nra;tJ ghtkhd tplak; vd; W kjq; f s; rpy ek; G fpd; w epiyapy; ghjpf; f g; g LtJ ngz; f spd; MNuhf; f pak; . ,e; j epiyapy; rpy kj epWtdq;fs; Fwpg;ghf fpwp];Jt kj epWtdk; jpUkzk; Kbf;fg; NghFk; jk;gjpapdUf;F toq;Fk; ghypay;> kW cw;gj;jp njhlu;ghd mwpT tuNtw;fj;jf;fNj. MdhYk;> Nghjpajhf ,y;iy. ghypay; tho;tpy; jpUg;jpiaf; “nfhLg;gJk;’ kW cw; g j; j papy; Foe; i j ngw; W f; “ nfhLg; g Jk; ’ ngz;fshf ,Ue;jhy; xU KOikahd nfsutkhd ghypay; tho;itAk;> kW cw;gj;jp MNuhf;fpaj;ijAk; xU FLk; g k; nfhz; b Uf; f KbahJ. xUtUf; n fhUtu; nfsutk; nfhLj; J gupkhwpf; nfhs;fpd;w tho;f;ifiag; ngWtjw;F ghy; epiy rkj;Jtkhd ghypay; fy;tp mtrpak;. ,yq;ifiag; nghWj;jtiu fy;tp mwpT tPjk; mjpfk;. ngz;fs; fy;tp fw;gJk; mjpfk;> Rfhjhu trjpfSk; rpwg;ghf cs;sd. vdNt> FLk;g tho;T jukhdJ vd;w KbNt cs;sJ. mjpYk; Foe;ijfs; ,wg;G tPjk; Fiwtile;Js;sJ. Fbj;njhif tsu;r;rp tPjk; Fiwtile; J s; s J. vdNt> jukhd tho; T ,yq;ifapy; cs;sJ vd;w KbTf;F gyu; tuyhk;. Mdhy;> kWgf;fk; eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpw tP l ; L td; K iwfs; > ntspapy; cs; s ngz; f Sf; n fjpuhd td; K iwfs; > rpWtu; f s; ngz; f s; flj; j g; g ly; > fUf; f iyg; G > ghypay; J\;gpuNahfk; vr;.I.tp. njhw;W> ghypay; njhopy; vd;gd vjDila kWgf;fq;fs;? me;j “jukhd” tho;tpd; kWgf;fq;fs;. ,it ntspg;gLj;JtJ vd;d? Mz; ngz; ghy;epiyapy; ghypay; rkj;Jtk; ,d; i kia. ,tw; i w nra; t J my; y J nra; a j; J}z;LtJ ahu;? ,tw;why; ghjpg;gpw;Fs;shtJ ahu;? ngUk;ghYk;; ghjpf;fg;gLtJ ngz;fs;jhd;. mg;Ngh FLk;g myfpy; Kf;fpakhd ,Utupy; xUtu; ghjpg;gw;Fs;shFk; NghJ mJ “jukhd tho;T’ vd;W $wyhkh? ,y;iy.

Fiwe;jgl;rk; xt;nthU jdp egUk; jdf;Fupa tho;fi ; f JizAld; nfsutkhd MNuhf;fpakhd ghypay; tho; i tAk; > kW cw; g j; j p mwpitAk; nfhz; L ,aq; f Ntz; L k; . xt; n thUtupdJk; czu; i t kjpj; J > Gupe; J > mwpe; J nraw; g Ljy; tskhd tho;Tf;F topahFk;. •

vk;. Njtnfsup

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2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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16

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gPUl;bd; my;[rpuh mYtyfj;jpypUe;J njhptpj;jhh;. Mz;fis gpujhdkhff; nfhz;l goikthj rhay; fhzg;gLk; kj;jpa fpof;F kf;fspilNa rhjhuzkhf ngz; f s; xLq; f pf; fple; j hYk; nrtpg;Gy Clfq;fs; thapyhf mNugpag; ngz;fs; mjpfstpy; Kd;Ndwp tUfpd;wdh;. Nkw; F fifapy; ,Uf; f pd; w fl; b ahtpd; rfhf; f shd ]; h P d ; mG mnfy; kw; W k; [P t uh my; g Japh; eP z ; l fhykhf Nghh; f ; f s muq; f py; rpiwg; g l; b Ue; j dh; . ,k; K iw mth; f s; Njr vy; i yapd; <]; u hapy; gf; f j; j pypUe; J tl <]; u hapYf; F s; tpOk; `p]; G y; y hf; f spd; VTfizfs; Fwpj;J mwpf;ifapl Kd;te;jdh;. [Piy 11Mk; jpfjptiu nygdhdpa murpay; thjpfspilNa tuk;gpd;wp fhzg;gl;l rz;il rr;ruTfis mwpf;ifapl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j G\;uh mg;Jy; rkhJ ePy epwj;jpyhd Fz;L Jisf;fhj MiliaAk; ghJfhg;G jiyf;ftrj;ijAk; mzpe;J njd; nygdhDf;Fr; nrd;w Kjy; eguhthh;. Jghapd; my; mNugpah njhiyf;fhl;rp gPUl; efhpd; njw;fpy; mike;Js;s ,d; mr;Nr> hPkh kf;uhgp kw;Wk; e[;th Fthnrk; Mfpa cg efuq;fs; kPJ njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s ghhpa Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjy;fis mwpf;ifapl ngz; nra;jpahsh;fis mDg;gpaJ mUfpYs; s kiy cr; r papy; ,Ue; j thW rdnehpryhd \pah gFjpfSf; F Mfha khh;ff ; khfTk; fly; khh;ff ; khfTk; Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjy; Nkw;nfhs;tij mth;fshy; fhz KbAk;. nygdhd; jdpahh; njhiyf;fhl;rp epWtdq;fs; fLikahf Nkhjy; f s; ,lk; n gWk; gpuNjrq; f Sf; F Mz; nra;jpahsh;fis tpl mjpf vz;zpf;ifahd ngz; nra;jpahsh;fis mDg;gpapUe;jd. vy; g P r p njhiyf; f hl; r papd; nkhdh rypgh Kd; N dwptUk; <]; u apy; Nghh; t P u h; f Sf; F k; `p]; G y; y h fpsh; r ; r pahsh; f Sf; F k; ,ilNa eilngw;w jPtpu Aj;jk; fhuzkhf gpurpj;jk; ngw;w Njr vy; i yaUfpy; fhzg; g Lk; efunkhd; w hd gpd;l; [;ngypypUe;J Aj;jj;ij mwpf;ifapl;lhh;. NTV ,d; ed;rp rgpah Njhyhy; jahhpf;fg;gl;l Nkw;rl;ilia mzpe;J gPUl;bd; njd;efuq;fspy; Fz;Lj;jhf;Fjy;fshy; mopTz;l Fbkidfis Muha;ej ; hh;. fl;bah mJ xU gaq;fu rk;gtnkd th;zpj;jhh;. “ mr; r nkd; g J nghJthdnjhU tplak; . njhiykf;fhl;rp glg;gpbg;ghsh;fs; Jzpr;ryhy; mr;rj;ij mbikg;gLj;jp kiwj;J tpLtjhf me;jg; ngz; njhptpj;jhh;”.

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2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

gaDs;s tho;Tf;F kfsph; ,dtpUj;jpr; Rfhjhuk;
Samagami Newspa per

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- ,yq;if FLk;gj;jpl;lkply; rq;fk; gy tpjj; j py; jhf; f k; nrYj; j p> ,dtpUj; j pj; njhFjpapd; nraw;ghLfis tho;tpd; nrOikia jf; f itj; J f; nfhs; t jw; F JizGhpAk; Kf; f pa fhuzpahFk;. gpujhdkhf ghypay; eltbf;iffSf;F VJthf mikAk; ,dtpUj;jp njhFjpapd; nraw;ghLfs; clw; Njitf;fhf khj;jpukpd;wp kdpjdpy; Njhd;Wk; gy czh;r;rpfspy; ghhpa jhf;fj;ijAk; nrYj;JfpwJ. kpfTk; vspikahd vz; z q; f s; $l mr;nraw;ghl;bDs; ghhpa tpisit Vw;gLj;Jk; mNjrkak; mjd; %yk; ,dtpUj;jp Mw;wyhdJ 19

,dtpUj;jpr; Rfhjhuk; vd;why; vd;d?
xUtUf;F Nehapd;wp tho;tjw;Fj; Njitahd Njf eyd;> kd mikjp kw;Wk; rpwe;j r%f cwTfis Fiwtpd; w p NgZtjw; F mtrpakhd gpd; G yk; 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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FLk;gf; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;fhd cupik
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,Wjp khjtplha;
eLepiyg; gUtj; i j milAk; ngz; f spd; clypy; Vw;gLk; N`hNkhd;fspd; khw;wj;jpdhy; khjtplha;r; rf;fuk; epd;WNghjy; ,Wjp khjtplha; vdg;gLk;. ,t;thW khjtplha;r; rf;fuk; epw;gjhy; Neha; j ; j d; i kfs; gy Vw; g l tha; g ; G s; s NjhL mtw;Wf;F rpfpr;ir ngWtjd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ijAk; kUj;Jt tpQ;Qhdk; Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;sJ. cyfpy; gy; N tW ehLfspy; taJ Kjph; e ; j ngz; f spd; ,wg; G fSf; F khuilg; G fhuzkhf cs; s J. ,jw; f hf itj; j pah; f s; mt; t g; N ghJ FUjp mKf;fj;ij ghpNrhjid nra;jy;> Ngh\hf;F epiwe;j czT cl;nfhs;sy;> Nkyjpf czTf; fl;Lg;ghL cs mOj; j j; i j Fiwj; J f; n fhs; s y; kw; W k; Kiwahd clw; g apw; r p vd; g tw; i w ghpe; J iu nra;Js;sdh;. 21

Fiwe;j nrOik
gps;isfs; mw;w ngz;fs; kw;Wk; Mz;fis r%fj; j py; ngUk; g hyhdth; f s; “ kyL ” vdf; fUjpdhYk; fUTWjy; jhkjkhtij itj;jpah;fs; “ Fiwe; j nrOik ” vdf; fUJfpd; w dh; . Mz; my; y J ngz; z py; fhzg; g Lk; ,dtpUj; j p njhFjpfis Kiwahd ghpNrhjidfs; %yk; nrOik> nrOikaw;w my;yJ Fiwe;j nrOik 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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Nghupdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspy; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhu gpur;ridfSk; ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;KiwfSk; ,yq;ifg; ngz;fspd; mDgtq;fis Mtzg;gLj;jy;1
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z; njhlh;G Clf $l;likg;G Nghupdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspy; ngz;fs; vjph; Nehf;Fk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhu gpur;ridfis gw;wpa Ma;tpid 2003/5y; elhj;jpaJ. ehlshtpa uPjpapy; mur rfhjhu Nrit ghuhl; L f; F upa tifapy; fhzg;gl;l nghOjpYk; Nghupdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhu Nritapd; epiyik gw; w pa tpupthd kw; W k; njspthd juTfs; fle;j ,uz;L tUlq;fshf fpilf;f ngw Kbahj rpf;fy; epiy Kf;fpakhdNjhh; gpur;ridahf fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,dngUf;f Rfhjhu Nrit njhlh;ghf ngz;fspd; Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk; jFjpfs; Nghd;wtw;iw ,dq;fhZk; cupikfs; tiuaikg;ig nfhz;L nfhs;iffs; cUthf;fk;> fy;tp rhh; tpthjq;fs;> fye;Jiuahly;fs; kw;Wk; jiyaP L fspy; ngz; f spd; Fuy; f is xypf; f r; nra;tNj ,t;tha;tpd; Nehf;fkhFk;. ,t; t ha; T aho; g ; g hzk; (tlf; F )> kd; d hh; > Gj; j sk; (tlNkw; F )> nghyeWit vy; i yf; fpuhkq; f s; (tlkj; j pa) kw; W k; kl; l f; f sg; G > mk; g hiw (fpof; F ) Nghd; w khtl; l q; f spy; Nkw; n fhs; s g; g l; l J. mur gilapdUf; F k; tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; eilg;ngw;w MAj Nkhjy; f spy; Neubahf ghjpf; f g; g l; l my; y J Nghupd; fhuzkhfg; gue; j stpy; NtW gpuNjrq;fspypUe;J ,lk;ngah;ej ; rKjhaq;fs; vd;w mbg; g ilapy; ,k; k htl; l q; f s; njupT nra; a g; g l; l d. MW khtl; l q; f spy; 560 ngz;fsplk; Neh;fhzy; elhj;jg;gl;lJ. Rfhjhu Nritfisg; ngw;W nfhs;tijg; gw;wp ngz;fshy; gfph;e;J nfhs;sg;gl;l mDgtq;fis Kd; itj;J ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhu ey;tho;tpw;F mDf;fpufk; nra; j FLk; g kw; W k; r%f cwTfis tpupthf Muha;tNj ,t;tha;tpd; Fwpf;NfhshFk;. ngz;fspd; Rfhjhu ey;tho;tpw;F ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhu Nrit njhlh; g hd jfty; f isAk; NritfisAk; ngw; W nfhs; s j; jilahfTs; s fl;likg;Gf; $WfisNa ,t;tha;T KOtJk; Mtzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s ngz;fspd; mDgtq;fs; vLj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wd. rkhjhdKk; ePjpAky;yhj Mdhy; Nghuw;w #o;epiy khw;wq;fisf; nfhz;l fhyf; f l; l j; j py; thOk; ajhh; j ; j epiyf; F j; js;sg;gl;Lg; Nghuhb nfhz;L ,Uf;Fk; ngz;fs; 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

ng

Kfq;nfhLf;f Ntz;ba tplaq;fSk; ,t;tha;tpy; Rl;bf; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sd.

gUtkiljy; > jpUkz taJ kw;Wk; kfg;Ngw;W taJ.
Nghupdhy; Neubahfg; ghjpf; f g; g l; l gpuNjrq;fspy; ,stajpy; kw;Wk; jpUkz taJf;F Kd; d Nu tpthfk; eilngWtJ tof; f khfTs; s njd; w fUj; J g; gutyhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. mjpf vz;zpf;ifapyhd ngz;fs; kpfTk; ,s tajpNyNa tpthfk; nra; J mij njhlh;eJ ; Foe;ijfisAk; ngw;nwLj;Js;sdh;.2 15-18 taJf; F kpilapy; tpthfk; nra; N jhh; mk;ghiw nghyeWit Gj;jsk; kl;lf;fsg;G 50% 54% 51% 30%

15-18 taJf; F kpilapy; KjyhtJ kfg; N gW mk;ghiw nghyeWit Gj;jsk; 33 % 46 % 46 %

,t;thW jpUkzk; nra;j ngz;fs; ,sk;; tajpy; fUj; j upj; j Tld; my; y J rpy Foe; ; i jfis ngw; n wLj; j gpd; d h; fzth; f shy; 25

iftplg;gLfpd;wdh;. mj;Jld; ,t;tpsk; fzth;fs; kWkzk; nra; a Kidfpd; w dh; . FO fye; J iuahly; f spd; nghOJ rpy jdpg; g l; l epfo;Tfisg; gw;wp ciuahbdh;. cjhuzkhf 15 tajpy; fUj;jupj;j ngz;nzhUth; fztuhy; eph;ff ; jp epiyf;Fj; js;sg;gl;l fijia mq;fpUe;j xUth; $wpdhh;. NkYk; mg;ngz; ,ul;ilf; Foe;ijfSf;F jhahdijAk; mjpNyhh; Foe; i j caphpoe; j ij gw;wpAk; $wpdhh;.

fUr; r pijT
mNefkhf 20-23 tanjy;iyf;Fl;gl;l ngz;fs; kj;jpapNyNa fUr;rpijT xU rhjhuz epfo;thf fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. mj;Jld; Kf;fpakhf mk;ghiw kw;Wk; aho;g;ghz khtl;lq;fspy; 23 tajpw;F Nkw; g l; l ngz; f s; kj; j papYk; ,J eilg; n gWfpd; w J. nghJthf mk; g hiw khtl; l j; j py; ntt; N tW taJg; g puptpYs; s gy ngz; f s; fUrpijTf; F Kfq; n fhLj; J s; s dh; . fUr;rpijTf;F Kfq; nfhLf;f Neupl;l nghOJ itj; j pah; f spd; my; y J kUj; J tr; r p cjtpia ehbajhfg; gy ngz;fs; njuptpj;jdh;. nrtp top kuG Kiwia rhh; e ; j kUj; J tj; i jf; ifahz; l jhf my;yJ vt;tpj cjtpiaAk; ngwtpy;iy vd kpfr; rpyNu $wpdh;.

,Wjp khjtplha;
,Wjp khjtplha; njhlh; g hd tpopg; G zh; T Nfs; t pfs; vOg; g g; g l; l nghOJ 41-60 taJg; ngz; f spy; mjpfkhNdhh; jhq; f s; jdpg; g l; l Kiwapy; ,e;epiyf;F Kfq;nfhLf;f Kd;dh; ,J rk; g e; j khd vt; t pj jfty; f Sk; jq; f Sf; F f; fpilf; f ngwtpy; i y vdf; $wpdh; . nghJthf ngz;fs; kj;jpapy; ,J njhlu;ghf mt;tsthf Ngrg;gltpy;iy vdTk; ,Wjp khjtplha;fF ; Kfq; nfhLf;Fk; ngz;fis tpl NtW taJg; gpupTg; ngz; f Sk; mth; f sJ tho; t pd; cly; epiy khw; w q; f isg; gw; w p rpwpjstpNyNa fye;JiuahLfpd;wdh; vdTk; ,jd; %ykhf mwpe;J nfhs; s Kbfpd; w J. ,dngUf; f cupikfs; ciuahly; kw;Wk; ngz;fs;> Rfhju Rftho;tpid Gupe; J jq; f isj; jhq; f Ns guhkupf; f mjpfhuk; nfhLf;Fk; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;jpid mq;ff P upj;jy; Nghd;w KiwikfspD}lhf tpupthd Rfhjhuf; fy; t pj; jpl;lq;fspd; mtrpaj; Njit njl;lj;njspthfpd;wJ.

tP l ; L kfg; N gW
njupT nra; j khtl; l q; f spy; Neh; f hzy; elhj; j g; g l; l kf; f spd; %ykhf kfg; N gW eilg;ngWk; Kf;fpa ,lkhf mur kUj;Jt Nrit Kiw eilg;ngWk;; ,lq;fNs fUjg;gLfpd;wJ vd; g J njspthfpd; w J. vdpDk; > trpf; F k; ,lq;fSf;F mz;ikapYs;s Jizeyd;fspd; mopT kw;Wk; tWik> fyhrhu tof;fq;fs; Nghd;w fhuzpfshy; 15.8 rjtPjkhd kfg;NgW tPLfspy; ,lk; ngWfpd; w njd Neh; f hzy; elhj;jg;gl;lth;fs; $wpdh;. itj;jparhiyfis ehb nry; y Njitahditfshd Nghf; F tuj; J f; f hd gzk; > itj; j parhiyapy; ,Uf;Fk; fhyj;jpy; mzpaj; Njitahd Fwpg;gpl;l vz;zpf;ifapyhd Rj;jkhd cilfs; Nghd;w gy Njitfis twpa FLk;;gq;fspdhy; G+h;j; jpnra;a Kbahj fhuzj;jpdhy; rpy ngz;fs; jq;fSila kfg; N gw; w pw; f hf itj; j parhiyfis ehLtij jtph;j;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdh; vd ,t;tha;tpd; %ykhf mwpaf;$bajhftpUe;jJ.

njspthd KbT
murhqq; f ghlrhiyfspy; fw; F k; cah; j u khzth;fSf;F ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuk; kw;Wk; Rf tho; T Rfhjhuk; njhlh; G gl; l ntspaP L fis tpepNahfpf;f fy;tp mikr;R Rfhjhu mikr;Rld; ,ize; J mz; i kf; fhyq; f spy; Kaw; r pfis Nkw;nfhz;l nghOjpYk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuk; kw; W k; cupikfs; njhlh; g hd jfty; kw; W k; tpopg;Gzh;T fy;tp jpl;lk; kw;Wk; Kiwikapy; ,J xU Kf;fpa gFjpahf tpsq;ftpy;iy. jfty;fisg; ngw;W nfhs;tjpypUe;J fl;Lg;ghLfis tpjpg;gjpy; fyhrhu kw; W k; rk; g pujha tof; f q; f s; mbg;gilapNyNa Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nrYj;Jfpd;wd. ghypay; fy; t pia ,]; y hk; jil nra; J s; s J. ,jdhy; ,stajpy; jpUkzk; nra;Ak; ngz;fs; jq;fsJ cly; epiy khw;wq;fs; njhlh;ghf vJTk; mwpahjth; f shff; fhzg; g LtNjhL mth; f ; s ghjpg; G s; s hFk; epiy mjpfupj; J f; nfhz; N l nry; f pd; w J. rfy khtl; l q; f spYk; cs; s ghlrhiyfspy; fw;Fk; f.ngh.j. rhjhuz ju kw;Wk; f.ngh.j. cah; ju khzth;fSf;F ghypay; kw;Wk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuf; fy;tpia mwpKfg;gLj;JkhW ngz;fs; ikaf;FO xU gyj;j Fuiy vOg;gpaJ. 26

tP l ; L td; K iwfs;
,t;tha;tpd; gFjpahd Neh;fhzy; elhj;jg;gl;l ngz; f s; kj; j papy; td; K iwfs; mjpfkhf fhzg;gLtJ Mr;rhpag;gLtjw;NfJthd tplakhf ,y; y hj nghOjpYk; Xh; tpj fyf; f j; i j Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. tPl;L td;Kiw mDgtq;fs; mk;ghiw Gj;jsk; nghyeWit kl;lf;fsg;G aho;gg ; hzk; kd;dhh; 49% 67% 30% 28% 20% 14% 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

rpyh; jha; > je; i j kw; W k; jkad; k hh; f Ns ,t; t hwhd Fw; w q; f is ,ioj; j th; f shff; fUjpdhYk; Kf; f pa kw; W k; tof; f khd Fw;wthspahff; fztNu fUjg;gLfpd;whh;. kztpid td;Kiwfisf; nghUj;jtiuapy; jpUkzj;jpd; gpd; %d; W tUlq; f Sf; F s; KjyhtJ td; K iwf; F Kfq; n fhLf; f Ntz; b a epiy Vw; g l; l njd mNefkhd ngz; f s; njuptpj; j dh; . FLk; g td; K iwfs; xU jlit khj; j puk; eilngWk; epfo; t hf mikahJ Xh; njhlh; epfo; t hfNt mike;jnjd mjpfkhd ngz;fs; $wpdh;. FLk;g td; K iwf; f hd gpujhd fhuzk; rP j dg; gpur; r pidahf tlf; f pYs; s ngz; f s; fUjpdh; . FLk; g td; K iw> ghypay; cwTfs; kw; W k; fUj; j Lg; G ghtid Nghd; w tw; W f; f pilNa Xh; jplkhd njhlh;G njd;gl;lJ mf;fiw nrYj;Jk; FO fye;Jiuahly;fspy; jq;fsJ r%fj;jpy; cs;s ngz;fs; Kfq; nfhLf;Fk; mDgtq;fis gw;wp ntspg;gilahfg; Ngrpdh;.

“ ‘fh]p’ ePjpkd;wk; ghugl;rkhdJ. Mz;fshy; Mjpf; f k; nrYj; j g; g Lk; [_up rigapy; ngz;fs; gpujpepjpJtg;gLj;jg;-gLtjpy;iy. ngz;fSf;F ePjp fpilf;f Ntz;Lkhapd; ngz; gpujpepjpfs; ,e;ePjp kd;wq;fspy; fhzg;gl Ntz;Lk;.” (kd;dhh;> gapw;rpg;gl;liwapy; gq; F gw; w path; ) .

jpUkzj;jpy; fl;lhag; ghYwT
Kf;fpakhf ,lk;ngau;e;j gpuNjr #o;epiyapy; fl;lha ghYwtpidj; jq;fSila fzth;fSld; Nkw;nfhs;s fzth;fshNyNa eph;gg ; e;jpf;fg;gl;ldh; vdg; gy ngz;fs; $wpdh;. FLk;g mq;fj;jth;fs; midtUk; Xh; miwapNyNa tho Neupl;likahYk; me; j uq; f j; jd; i k ,y; y hj fhuzj; j pdhYk; ngz;fs; jq;fSila fztUld; ghypaYwtpid Nkw;nfhs;s tpUk;gtpy;iy. “ rpy Ntisfspy; jq; f Sila nrhe; j f; Foe; i jfspd; Ke; e piyapy; ghYwtpid Nkw; n fhs; s g; ngz; f s; fl; l hag; gLj; j g; g l; l dh; . ,J ngz; f s; kj; j papy; ghYwT Nkw; n fhs; t jpy; mUtUg; i g Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.” (kd;dhh;). ,yq;ifapd; rl;l KiwikNah r%f fyhrhu tof;fq;fNsh jpUkzk; rhh;e;j gyhj;fhuj;jpid Vw; W f; n fhs; s Kbahj Xh; tplakhf fz;bf;ftpy;iy. jpUkz ge;jj;jpy; gyhj;fhuk; vd;w uPjpapy; ghYwtpid vg;nghOJ vq;F Nkw;nfhs;tJ vd;gij jPh;khdpf;Fk; ngz;fspd; Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuk; kw;Wk; jq;fs; cly; kPjhd ngz;fspd; cupikfs; Nghd;wit ghJfhf;fg;gl tpy;iy. ghYwTf;F Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F Kd;duhf kJ my;yJ Nghijg; nghUis cl;nfhs;s jq;fsJ fzth;fshy; fl;lhag;gLj;jg;gl;l re;jh;g;gq;fisg; gw;wp ngz;fs; fijj;jdh;.

“fUj;jil Kiwfis cgNahfpg;gjd; %yk;
jpUkzj;jpw;F Gwk;ghd fs;sj; njhlh;Gfis ngz;fs; Nkw;nfhs;Sthh;fs; vd vz;zp jd;Dila kidtpia fUj;jil Kiwfis cgNahfpg;gjpypUe;J fztd; jLf;fpwhd;. ,jdhy; ngz; f s; ufrpakhff; fUj; j il Kiwfis gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;. vdpDk;> fzth; ,ij mwpAk; jUzj;jpy; jhk;gj;jpa cwtpy; JNuhfk; ,ioj;jtuhf kidtpapd; kP J Fw; w Q; Rkj; j p mtis td; K iwf; F l; g Lj; J fpwhh; . ,lk; n gah; e ; j rKjhaj; j pdupilNa ,J gutyhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.
(kd; d hh; > gapw; r pg; g l; l iwapy; gq; F gw; w path; ) .

FLk;g td;Kiw epfo;Tfspd; nghOJ rl;lj;jpd; %yk; epahaj; i j ngw KaYk; xJf; f g; g l; l rKjhak; ngz; f isj; jtph; f ; f fl; l ikg; G fhuzpfSk; fhzg; g Lfpd; w J. rl; l Kiwik mYtyh;fshd NghyP]; mjpfhupfs; Mz;fshfTk; ngUk; g hd; i k ,dkhd rpq; f s ,dj; i jr; Nrh;ej ; tuhfTk; mg;gpuNjrj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; rKjhaj;jpd; nkhopapid (jkpo;) NgrhjtuhfTk; fhzg;gLfpd;wik Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l fhuzpfspy; rpythFk;. K]; y P k ; ngz; f Sf; F f; fhzg; g Lk; kuG uPjpapyhd rl;lq;fs; ngz;fspd; Rje;jpuk;> cupik> kw;Wk; Rftho;T Nghd;wtw;iwj; jLf;Fk; kw;WNkhh; fl;likg;G fhuzpahf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. tpthfuj;J tof; F fs; ‘ fh]p ’ eP j pkd; w j; j hNyNa elhj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. ,J mur rl;l Kiwikf;F Gwk;ghdJ.

ghypay; taJ jpUkzk;
rpWth; flj; j y; Nghd; w ghJfhg; G fhuzq;fisf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L ngw;Nwhh;fs; jq;fsJ ngz; gps;isfSf;F kpfTk; ,s tajpNyNa jpUkzk; nra;J itf;fpd;wdh;. mj;Jld; Xh; ,sk; jhahf mtsJ Foe;ij gUtk; va;Jk; nghOJ ed;F guhkupf;fgLths; vd ngw; N whh; f s; vz; Z fpd; w dh; .
(kl;lf;fsg;gpy; gq;Fgw;wpath;) gapw;rpg; gl;liwapy;

Gj;jsk;> kd;dhh;> aho;g;ghzk;> nghyeWit kw;Wk; kl;lf;fsg;G Nghd;w gpuNjrq;fspy; eil ngw;w mf;fiw nrYj;Jk; FO fye;Jiuahly;fspd; %yk; ngz; f Sf; F kpfTk; ,sk; tajpNyNa 27

2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

jpUkzk; nra; A k; tof; f k; gutyhff; fhzg; g Lfpd; w J vd; g J ntspte; j J. ngw;Nwhh;fshy; Mjupf;fg;gl;l ,t;tof;fj;jpw;fhd Kf;fpa fhuzq;fshf tWik> myl;rpak;> kw;Wk; r%f nghUshjhug; ghJfhg; g pd; i k Nghd; w itahFk; . rpy khtl; l q; f isg; nghWj;jtiuapy; Fwpg;gpl;;l rpy fhuzpfs; ,jw;F fhuzkhftpUe; j d. cjhuzkhf> nghyeWit khtl; l vy; i yf; fpuhkq; f spy; fpuhk kf; f s; Ch; f htw; gilapduhfr; Nrh; j ; J f; nfhs; s gLfpd;wikahYk;> MAjg; gilapy; gjpe;j gpd;dh; mth;fsJ tPLfis tpl;L ePz;l fhykhfr; Nrit nra; f pd; w ikahYk; MAj gilapdhpd; elkhl; l j; j pw; F Mshd xU gpuNjrkhf mJ fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,J ,g;gpuNjrj;jpd; jpUkz kw; W k; ghypay; cwTfs; njhlh; g hd r%f tof; f q; f spy; khw; w q; f is Vw; g Lj; j f; fhuzkhfTs;sJ. kpfTk; ,s tajpNyNa jpUkz ge; j j; j py; ,iztJ> tWik kw; W k; gy ,d; d y; f Sf; F Xh; eilKiw jP h ; t hff; nfhs;sg;gLtjdhy; ngw;Nwhh;fs; ,k;khh;f;fj;ij njupT nra; A khW ,sk; ngz; f Sf; F Cf;fg;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;. FLk;g tl;lj;Jf;Fs; rpWth; ghypay; J\;gpuNahfk; Xh; rhjhuzkhd epfo;thf fhzg; g Ltjd; fhuzj; j pdhy; nghw; N whh; f s; > mjpYk; Kf;fpakhf jha;khh;fs; jq;fsJ ,sk; taJ ngz; gps;isfis cldbahfj; jpUkz ge;jj;jpy; ,izg;gjd; %yk; jq;fsJ FLk;gj;jpYs;s Mz; mq;fj;jth;fspdhy; ghypay; J\;gpuNahfj;jpw;Fs;shf;fg;gLtjpypUe;J ghJfhf;fg;gLfpd;wdh; vd fUJfpd;wdh;. kl;lf;fsg;gpy; MAj FOf;fshy; rpWth; gilf;Fs; Nrh;f;fgLtjpypUe;J ghJfhf;f ,Ug;ghyhupidANk kpf ,stajpNyNa jpUkz ge;jj;jpy; ,izg;gij ngw;Nwhh;fs; kpfTk; Mjupj;J nraw;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;.

Rdhkp
bnrk;gh; 2004 RdhkpahdJ ghjpf;fg;gl;l rpy khtl;lq;fspd; Rfhjhu Nrit toq;fypy; ghupa jhf; f j; i j Vw; g Lj; j paJ. Rdhkpapy; gpioj; j ngz;fs; cw;whh;> Rw;whh;> FLk;gj;jpdh;> ez;gh;fs; kw;Wk; tPLfis khj;jpuk; ,of;ftpy;iy ,tw;Wld; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhu NritfisAk; ,oe;jdh;. FLk; g kw; W k; r%f fl; l ikg; G fspy; Rdhkp khw;wq;fis Vw;gLj;jpaJ. Rdhkp Mz;fis tpl mjpfstpyhd ngz;fisNa gyp nfhz;lJ. r%f fl;likg;Gfs; kw;Wk; fpuhk rKjhaq;fspy; Vw;gl;l rPh;FiyT> xOq;fpd;ikf;Fs; js;sg;gl;l Mz;fs; kw;Wk; ngz;fSf;fpilapy; Kfhk; #o;epiyfspy; njhlh; G fs; Vw; g l; L s; s d. ,e; e piyia Nehf;FNthkhapd;> ,isQh;fs; kw;Wk; Atjpfs; kj; j papy; ,dg; n gUf; f Rfhjhu tplaq; f s; njhlh;ghd tpopg;Gzh;it Vw;gLj;j Kiwahd jiyaPLfs; Rdhkpahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspy; NghJkhdjhfj; njd; g ltpy; i y vd; g J Gydhfpd;wJ.

KbT
ntt; N tW Nghh; #o; e piyfisg; NghyNt> ,yq;ifapd; tlf;F> fpof;F kw;Wk; mz;ikg;Gw vy;iyf; fpuhkq;fspy; eilg;ngWk; Nghh; kw;Wk; Aj; j td; K iwfspy; ngz; f s; Kf; f pakhf ghy;uPjpapyhd tpjq;fspy; ghjpg;Gf;Fs;shfpdh;. Nghhpdhy; ghjpf; f g; g l; l ngz; f spd; kP j hd jhf; f khdJ rpj; j upf; f g; g LtJ Nghy Xh; rhjhuzkhd rpwpa tpjj; j pyhd ghjpg; g y; y . 3 ,yq;ifapy; Nghh; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;l ehs; Kjy; ngz;fs; jq;fsJ FLk;gq;fspd; Njitfis G+h;jj ; p nra; g tuhfTk; > tP l ; L nghWg; G f; f is jdpahf ghuNkw; W r; Rkg; g tuhfTk; > ghuJ}ukhd #o; e piyfspy; rKjhaq; f is ,izj; J r; nraw; g LgtuhfTk; FLk; g q; f spYk; rKjhaq;fspYk; jiyikj;Jt ghj;jpuq;fis vLj;J nraw;gl;L tUfpwhh;. ,d;W gy ngz;fs; tPl;L jiyikj;Jtj;ij nghWg;Ngw;W ek;gpf;ifAld; cWjpahf nraw;gl;L tUfpd;wdh;. Kd;dh; Mz;fs; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jpa ghj;jpuq;fspy; ngz;fSk; <Lgl tPl;L nghWg;Gf;fis jiyikj;jhq;FtjpypUe;J nghJthd tplaq;fshd jq;fsJ ehSf;F ehs; Njitfis ngw;W tho;tjw;F toptFf;f cs;@h; mjpfhu rig mjpfhupfs;> nghyP]> ; ,uhZtk; kw;Wk; NghuhspfSld; Ngrp jP h ; k hdpf; f pd; w dh; . 4 ,th; f spd; nraw; g hLfs; nghUshjhu eltbf; i ffspNyNa mjpfk; fhzf; $ bajhfTs; s J. mur mjpfhupfsplKk; murhq; f mYtyh;fsplKk; Nrh;eJ ; Ngrp jPhk ; hdpg;gjpy; ey;y mDgtKk; jpwikiaAk; ngw;Ws;sdh;. 2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

fUfiyg; G
fUTw; w #O; e piyia fUj; j pw; nfhs; s hJ fUfiyg; g pid Xh; Fw; w nrayhff; fUJtJ jw; n ghOJk; Xh; mf; f iwf; F hpa tplakhfNt fhzg; g Lfpd; w J. jhdhfNt fUfiyf; F k; KiwahdJ gutyhd epfo;thf ngz; njhlh;G Clf $l;likg;G jfty;fis ntspg;gLj;jhj NghjpYk; 19-40 kw; W k; 41-60 taJg; g puptpy; fhzg; g Lk; ngz; f s; jhq; f s; jhkhfNt fUfiyf;Fk; Kiwia ehbajhfj; njuptpj;jdh;. epjp neUf; f b kw; W k; ,d; D nkhU Foe; i jiag; guhkupf; F k; trjp NghjhikANk fUfiyg; i g cz; L gz; Z tjw; f hd Kf; f pa fhuzq; f shfj; njuptpj;jdh;.

28

vdpDk;> jpl;lq;fs;> nfhs;iffs; kw;Wk; rl;lq;fis tbtikg;gij nghWj;jtiuapy; nghUshjhu r%f kw; W k; murpay; jP h ; k hdq; f is vLf; F k; eltbf; i ffspy; nghJthf ,yq; i f ngz; f Sf; F kpfTk; Fiwthd ,lNk toq; f g; g l; L s; s J. Muk; g pf; f g; g ltpUf; F k; kP s ; f l; L khd> rPh;jpUj;j kw;Wk; kPs;FbapUg;G jpl;lq;fs; cz; i kahf gadspf; f Ntz; L khapd; ,g; g puNjrq; f spy; ,J njhlh; g hd fye;Jiuahly;fs; kw;Wk; kPs;fl;Lkhdk; ngz;fspd; Njitfis fUj;jpw;nfhz;Nl eilg;ngw Ntz;Lk;. ngz;fspd; Rarpe;jid> rje;jpuk;> mth;fSila tho;f;if kw;Wk; tho; f ; i fj; jP h ; k hdq; f s; Nghd; w tw; i w eilKiwg; g Lj; j jq; f Sila cly; > ,dg;ngUf;f nraw;ghLfs;> kw;Wk; ghypay;G Nghd;wit njhlh;ghf jPh;khdk; vLf;Fk; chpik mth; f Sf; F kpfTk; mtrpak; ; . ,t;tha;Tk; mJ njhlh;ghff; fhzg;gLk; Rl; b fSk; ngz; chpikfs; kw; W k; ,dg; n gUf; f Rfhjhuk; kP j hd Nghupd; jhf;fj;ij ed;F czh;j;Jfpd;wJ. Nghhpdhy; ghjpf; f g; g l; l rfy rKjhaq; f isAk; cs; s lf; f pa epahakhd epiyahd rkhjhdj;ij cUthf;Fk; fl;likg;ig cWjp nra;a ngz;fs; jkJ cs;@hh; kl;l tho;fi ; f mDgtq;fis ,k;Kaw;rpfSf;Fs; cs;slf;f Ntz;Lk;. •

cd;dhy; cUthf;fg;gl;l rhpj;jpuq;fspy; vq;Nfh njhq;fpf;nfhz;bUg;Ngd; cd;Dld; xd;wp xd;whky; thOk; vd; tho;T gw;wpa ep[q;fis czh;tw;wjha; czh;fpwha; Nkhg;gk; gpbf;Fk; cd; kPirfspy; rpf;fhj vd; czh;Tfs; gue;j ntspfs; cdf;fha; mth;fSf;fha; Rje;jpukha; gazpf;Fk; xU Nrhbf; fhy;fs; cd; rhpj;jpuj;jpy; cdf;fha; Gj;jfj;jpy; Fe;jpapUe;J caug;gwf;Fk; tz;zhj;jpaha; ehd; Mdhy; cd; rhpj;jpuj;jpy; ehd; ehdhf ,y;yhky;.
fiykfs; fpU\;z%Hj;jp
ehtw;Flh ciof;Fk; khjH rq;fk;

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lhf;lh; Nrghyp Nfhl;Nlnfhl Fwpg; G fs;
Ma;tpw;fhd mZruizahsh;fs;: kd;dhh; ngz;fs; mgptpUj;jp $l;likg;G> #upah ngz; f s; epiyak; kl; l f; f sg; G > ngz; f s; mgptpUj;jp epiyak; aho;g;ghzk;> ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;fs; kd;wk; mk;ghiw> kw;Wk; nghyeWit ngz;fs; khtl;l FO. 1. 2003/5y; ngz; njhlh;G Clff; $l;likg;gpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Ma;TfspypUe;J ngwg;gl;l Kf;fpa tplaq;fspd; RUf;fk; ,f;fl;Liuapy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 2. ,J Xh; njhlh; xg;gl P l ; ha;T vd;w fhuzj;jpdhy; fhzg; g hLk; NghUf; F Kd; d uhd %yj; jfty; f SlDk; Nghupdhy; Neubahf ghjpf;fg;glhj khtl;lq;fspypUe;J ngwg;gl;l jfty;fSlDk; xg;gplg;gLk;. 3. ngz;fspd; mf;fiwAk; rkhjhd eltbf;iffSk; - fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fSk; rpghupRfSk;> ,yq;ifapd; tlfpof;fpw;fhd rh;tNjr ngz;fs; JhJFO 1217 xf; N lhgh; 2002> ngz; ; njhlh; G Clf $l;likg;G> nfhOk;G. 4. Nkw;Fwpg;gplg;gl;lNj.

2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

29

{ÂVFÔπ[ ÔVÈ D
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rpW fij

Gj;jhz;L tpLKiw ehl;fisAk; Nrh;j;Jg; gj;J ehl;fSf;F Mil cw;gj;jpj; njhopw;rhiyia %b ,ae;jpuq;fspd; Nja;khdq;fisr; rPh;nra;J Xa;T nfhLf;fg; NghtjhfTk;> mjdhy; mjw;FKd; mq;F gzpahw;Wk; ijay; ,ae;jpug; gphpTg; ngz;fs; ,uz;L '\pg;l;Lfs;" flikGhpe;J Ntiyfis Kbj; J tpl Ntz; L nkd; W k; eph; t hfk; fwhuhf fl;lis gpwg;gpj;jpUe;jJ. mLj; j '\pg; l ; b y; " Ntiy nra; a Ntz; b a ngz;fs; Ntf Ntfkhf cs;Ns te;Jnfhz;bUe;jdh;. mth;fis tpyj;jpf;nfhz;L fd;hD P f;F Xbg;Ngha;g; ghZk; rP d prk; g Yk; thq; f pf; n fhz; L > njhopw; r hiyf; F ntspNa cs; s tP j papd; g];jhpg;gplj;Jf; te;jNghJ mth;fs; nry;yNtz;ba ,lj;Jf;fhd NgUe;J mt;tj P papy; te;Jnfhz;bUe;jJ. th; j ; j f tiyankd; g jhy; > mNef njhopw; rhiyfspy; gzpahw; W k; Mapuf; f zf; f hd Copah;fspd; trjpf;fhf ,Ugj;jp ehYkzpNeuKk; mbf;fb Ng&e;Jfs; mt;tj P papy; Xbf;nfhz;bUf;Fk;. NgUe;jpy; Vwpf;nfhz;l mNrhfhTk; epy;kpdpAk; ,Uf;iffspy; Nrhh;e;JNgha; cl;fhh;e;jpUe;jdh;. cly; Nrhh;e;Jtpl;lhYk; vz;zpg;ghhf;Fk;NghJ cs;sj;jpy; rpW kyh;r;rp> kfpo;r;rp. hpnay;yhk; tpz;tpz;nzd;W typf;FJ mNrhfh nfjpahf n`h];uYf;Fg;Ngha; gLj;Jj; J}q;fpdhy;jhd; tpba vOk;gp Ntiyf;F tuyhk;.”

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me;j \pg;l; Kbe;Jtpl;lij mwptpg;gjw;fhf kzp xypj;jJ. md; W fhiy 6.00 kzpf; F Muk; g pj; j Ntiy ,uz;L “\pg;l;” njhlHe;jhw;Nghy me;j Mil cw; g j; j pj; njhopw; r hiyapy; ,ae; j puj; J ld; gzpahw;wpajhy; mg;ngz;fs; kpfTk; fisj;Jg; Nghdhh;fs;. fz;fs; Xa;Tf;fhff; nfQ;rpd. 30

“ Xk; epy; k pdp vdf; F k; rhpahd mYg; G k; mLj;j 10 epkplj;jpy; mNrhfh jdJ tpLjpf;Fr; fisg;GkhapUf;F” mg;NghJ Neuk; ,uT 9.00 kzp nry;tjw;fhd NgUe;J jhpg;gplj;jpy; ,wq;fptpLths;.
mjw; F mLj; j g]; jhpg; g plj; j py; ,wq; f pdhy; mUfpYs; s epy; k pdpapd; thlif miwnad; w ngahpyhd Gwhf;$L Nghd;w ];Nlhh; W}k;. NgUe;J jhpg;gplj;jpy; epd;wJ.

“rhp epy;kpdp fhiyapy; re;jpg;Nghk;” mNrhfh ,wq;fpdhs;.
2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

jhpg;gplj;ijj; jhz;br; rpwpJ J}uk; ele;jhy; mtspd; tpLjpf;Fr; nry;Yk; xOq;if te;JtpLk;. mtspd; tpLjp xU Xl;il cilryhd gioa rpwpatPL> ,uz;L miwfs;$l ,y;iy. xU kyry $lk;> Fspayiwf;F nrhl;Lr; nrhl;lhfj;jhd; jz;zPh;tUk;. miwfspd; Rth;fspy; ifgl;lhy; nghUf; F g; nghUf; f hff; nfhl; L g; g Lk; . njhopw; r hiyfspy; Ntiyghh; f ; F k; fpuhkg; Gwq;fisr; Nrh;e;j vl;Lg;gj;Jg; ngz;fs; mq;F xl;b xLq;fp tho;e;jdh;. fhiyapy; fUf; f NyhL vOe; J Nghtjhy; > gpd; G wKs; s kiwg; g w; w fpzW Fspg; g jw; F f; ifnfhLj;jJ. mjpfhiyf;fUf;fypy;$l mth;fs; Fspg;gijg; ghh;j;J eph;thzj;ij urpg;gjw;fhf ehf;fpy; vr;rpy; tope;jgb rpy eha;fs; epj;jpiuia Kwpj;Jf;nfhz;L fz;fisf; $uhf;fp vl;bg;ghh;j;Jr; Ritf;Fk;. NgUe; j pypUe; J ,wq; f p tP j p ntspr;rj;jpy; ele;Jnrd;w mNrhfh tpLjpf;Fr; nry;Yk; xOq;ifiar; nrd;wile;jNghJ> xOq;if xNu ,Ul;lhf ,Ue;jJ. Ntfkhf ele;J nrd;why; ;VO epkplj;jpy; mtspd; ,Ug; g plj; i jr; nrd; w ile; Jtplyhk;. me; j xOq; i fapd; ,Ul; L mtSf;F mr;rkhf ,Ue;jJ.

fz; i tr; r pUe; N jd; . ,z; i lf; F jhd; mJ fpilr;rpUf;F. tplkhl;ld;” rhuhathil tPRk; fuL KulhdFuy;.

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me;j Xeha; mtspd; fd;dq;fis..... khh;Gfisf; fbj;Jf;Fjwp....... njhilfspy; ,uj;jk; topa topa...... mts; %h;rr ; pj;J kaq;fpf; fple;jhs;.

“rNfhjuah cdf;Fk; NtZnkd;why; th” “ Ntzhk; . Gjprh Ntnwhz; L tUk;jhNd ghg;gk;. cd;iuNgiu ehd; $g; g pl; l ij mts; Nfl; b Ug; g hs; . nghyp]py; nrhd; d hnsd; w hy; tprhuiz tof; F mJ ,Jntd; W te;JtpLk;. Mis Kbr;RtpL. “rhp nra;apwd; nghyp]; vq;fil “ngh];”]pd;iuifapiy tp\aj;ij vg;gbj;jpUg;gp tpLfpwk; vz;L ghh;”
$l te; j tdpd; Gj; j pkjpg; g b %h;rr ; pj;Jf;fple;j mtspd; njhz;ilf; Fopapy; fhy;fshy; Vwp kpjpj;J........ * * * * *

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fy; n ywpe; J Nghl;lhd;fs;” cilr; R g;

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MdhYk; jq; F kplj; J f; F g; Ngha;j;jhNd MfNtz;Lk;. gaKWk; Ntisfspy; fhty; nja;tq;fis epidj;J-f;nfhz;lhy;> xU jPq;Fk; NeuhJ vdj; jdJjha; rpWtajpy; $wpait epidTf;Ftu rkd;> cg;GYtd;> tp\;Z> fj;jwfk Mfpa nja;tq;fis kdjpy; cUg;Nghl;lgb mts; tpWtpnwd elf;fj; njhlq;fpdhs;. mNrhfh ele;j ghijf; F vjph; g ; G wkhf kpd; # o; ntspr; r k; te; J nfhz; b Ue; j J. nja; t k; Jizf; F te;Jtpl;lnjd mts; vz;zpdhs;. rw;Wj;J}uj;jpy; mJ mize;Jtpl;lJ. kPz;Lk; fir ,Ul;L vtNuh mtis neUq; f p tUtijg; Nghd; w fhybr; rj;jk;.

kWehs; mjpfhiy \pg; l ; Ntiyf; f hfr; nrd; W nfhz; b Ue; j epy;kpdp> me;j g]; epWj;jj;jpy; mNrhfh Vwhjijf; f z; L > jdf; F Kd; N g mts; nrd; w pUg; g hs; vd vz; z pf; n fhz; l hs; . njhopw;rhiyapy; mNrhfh Ntiyf;F tuhjijf; fz;L> Vd;? VJ ele;jpUf;Fk;? Rfkpy;iyah vd Vq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jhs;. #hpad; mOJtbe;J mrjpia Kwpj;Jf;nfhz;L Gwg;glj; jahuhdNghJ mtdpd; ,sq;fjph;fs; me;j xOq; i fia vl; b g; g hh; f ; f $r; r kile; j d. ,uj; j f; F tpaypy; . ..... eph; t hz Nfhyj; j py; . .... mNrhfhtpd; capuw;w cly;...... ,uTr;rhg;ghl;Lf;F mts; thq;fpte;j ghz;Jz;lq;fis vWk;Gfs; nkha;jJ ; f; nfhz;bUe;jd. xU [Pg;Gld; nghyp]hUk; #o;e;J epd;wdh;. ngz;nzhUj;jp Jz;nlhd;iwf; nfhz;Lte;J eph;thzj;ij %bdhs;. tprhuizf; n fdg; nghyp]hh; me; j cliy tz;bapNyw;wpdh;.

“ahh; mJ? ahh; ..........? “ mts; Nfl;gjw;F Kd;Ng
kpd;#o; ntspr;rk; mts; fz;fisf; FUlhf;fpaJ. mNrhfh jpifj;Jg; Nghdhs;.

“ehd; jhdb. ,e;jf; fth;r;rpkhid Urpj;Jg; ghh; f ; f NtZnkd vj; j id ehsha; f ;
2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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me;j Xehs; mg;NghJ ‘hpg;nuhg;’ghf cilazpe;J NtfNtfkhf jdJ tz;bia nfhOk;ig Nehf;fp Xl;baJ. Njh; j y; fhyj; j py; mtd; jdJ mlhtbj;jdq;fspd; %ykhf ngUksT thf;Fis Ntl;ilahbf; nfhLj;jikahy; me;j murpay;thjp mtidj; jdJ tpRthrkhd ifahshf; f p> mYtyfj; j py; jdJ gytpj nraw; g hLfspd; vLgpbahshf mkh;j;jpapUe;jhh;. mthplk; nrd;w mtd; Kd; j pdkpuT ele; j itfisr; nrhy; y pf; ifgpire;J epd;wNghJ..........

md;W kpd; Clfq;fspd; kjpar; nra;jpfspd; NghJ gpd;tUk; nra;jpAk; xypgug;ghfpaJ.

“ eP ek; k Ms; . ahUk; cd; i d xd; W k; nra;aKbahJ. nra;a Ntz;ba vy;yhtw;iwAk; ehd; clNd ftdpf;fpNwd;. eP Ngha; Ntiyfisf; ftdp” vdf;$wpj; ijhpa%l;bdhh;.

“th;j;jf tiyag; gpuNjrj;jpYs;s xOq;if xd;wpypUe;J ,sk; ngz; xUthpd; rlyj;ijg; nghyp]hh; ifg;gw;wpAs;sdh;. tpgrhuj; njhopypy; <Lgl; L te; j ,U ngz; f s; njhopy; jfuhW rk; g e; j khf tha; j ; j h; f ; f j; j py; <Lgl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;jNghJ ,we;jth; fhy;jLf;fp fy; n yhd; w pd; k P J tP o ; e ; j jhy; ,k; k uzk; Vw; g l; l jhfg; nghyp]; tprhuizfspd; %yk; njhpatUfpd; w J. kw; i wa ngz; jiykiwthfpAs; s hh; . mtiug; nghyp]hh; NjbtUfpd;wdh;.”•

d;dlh Ngah” ahNuh fLfLg; g JNghy; njhpfpwNj ‘h ..... ‘h.... Iah! Iahtpd; fLfLg;G Nghj;jy; uhf;iff;F...... ‘mg; g bnaz; l h ngz; f Sf; F KbahJ ..... ,t;tplj;jpy; fhR nfhLj; J Nghj; j nyhd; W Ntz; l KbahJ ....” Iah nrhFR mq;fhbapd; kJtiffs; cs;s Nghj;jy; uhf;ifaplk; tpdTfpwhh;. ‘rhp rhp....... Nghapl;L thwd;..... ngz;fSf;F Nghj;jy; nfhz;L Nghdh tPl;by; gpur;rid..... mJ rhpnaz;lh fjpiu gpuSk; .... Nkir gpuSk;... fwpf; F Vdb cg; G Nghlapy; y .... ml ,J fUkklh....” IahTf;F rphpg;G ....... ‘cJ vq;fSf;F Njitaw;w xd;W. mitaSf;F Nghj;jy; tpf;fpdnky;iynaz;lh mj mitas; ghf;fl;Lk; ..... mk;khbNah... ehd; xU ngz; z hf ,Ue; j h rpd; d Iahtpd; ];nghl;bypUe;J xU miu.... Rk;kh gfpb gd;dhjPq;Nfh .....”

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‘`..... Vd; .... ahh; mJ vd;dplk; Vd; Nff;Fwpas;” Iah ,UNtrk; NghLuhh;. kJghdk; clYf; F NfL tpistpf;Fk; rKjhaj;jpw;Fk; NflhdJ ey;y kdpjh;fs; kJ mUe;j khl;lhh;fs; Vndd;why; mJ mopitj;jUk; mg;gbahdhy; kJghd cw;gj;jp? kJ tpw;gid? mit muR mq;fPfhpj;j ifj;njhopy;fs;! nra; jpl;lq;fs; ........ mjhtJ kJ ghtidapy; Mz;fSf;F ghjpg;G Vw;gLj;Jtjpy;iy. ngz;fSf;F ghjpg;G cz;L. mjdhy; kjpg;gpw;fhf tpahghuk; nra;Ak; mjpnrhFR tpahghu epiyaq; f spy; mit ‘ngz; f Sf; F tpw; g id nra; j y; jil” vd tpsk; g uk; Nghlg;gl;Ls;sJ. Iah jd;dpr;irahf nrhy;yp Nghl; l hh; . vd; D ila ,d; n dhUtUf; F vd;dlh.•

fUzh ngNuuh

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2006 • ,uz;lhk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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