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nrhy; • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • 2005
ISSN 1391-958X

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rptpy; kw;Wk; murpay; chpikfis rl;lj;jpd; Kd; rthYf;F cs;shf;Fjy;

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,d;Wtiu vd;dhy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;Ls;s rl;l eltbf;iffs; gw;wp ftdpj;J Nehf;Fk; NghJ nfh^ukhd kdpjNeakw;w rpj;jputijf;F ,yf;fhjy; kw;Wk; mtkhpahijAld; elhj;Jjy;> jz; l idfSf; F ,yf; f htjw; F vjpuhf ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; jhf;fy; nra;jy; kw;Wk; mt;thwhd tof;fhly;fis Fwpg;gpl KbAk;. ,yq; i fapy; ,lj; j pypUe; J ,lj; j pw; F nry;tjw;fhd chpikia ntd;nwLg;gjw;fhf tof;fhly;> jhd;Njhd;wpj;jdkhf ,lk;ngWk; ifJfs; kw; W k; rpiwitj; j Yf; F vjpuhf tof; F j; jhf; f y; nra; j y; kw; w k; rpWghd; i k ,dj;ijr; Nrh;e;j egh;fis rkkhdth;fshf fUJk; chpik> ,y;yhtpl;lhy; ghugl;rj;jpw;F ,yf;fhfhj chpikf;fhf tof;Fj;jhf;fy; nra;jy; mtw;Ws; rpythFk;. ,yq;ifapy; jz;lid rl;lf;Nfhitapd; gpufhuk; Fw; w tpay; mtJ}W rl; l j; j pd; fP o ; ntF[d Clftpayhsh; f Sf; F vjpuhf Nky;ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; jhf;fy; nra;ag;gl;l re; j h; g ; g q; f spy; ehd; mth; f spd; rhh; g py; Njhw;wpapUe;Njd;. (Ie;jhz;L fhykhf vq;fshy; Kd; n dLf; f g; g l; l vjph; g ; G eltbf; i ffs; fhuzkhf jw;NghJ Fw;wtpay; mtJ}W rl;lk; njhlh;ghd rl;l Vw;ghLfspy; jpUj;jq;fisf; nfhz;Ltu Kbe;Js;sJ) mNjNghy jfty;fs; mwpe; J nfhs; t jpy; egh; f Sf; F s; s chpikia ntd;nwLj;jy;> ,yq;ifapy; gjpg;ghrphpah;fs;> Clftpayhsh;fs; kw;Wk; Clfr; nraw;ghl;lhsh;fspd; nghUl;L mr;R kw;Wk; ,yj;jpudpay; Clfj; jzpf;if njhlh;gpy; mtrufhyr; rl;l tpjpfs; tpjpj; j y; > rl; l j; j pd; Kd; rthYf; F ,yf;fhtJ gw;wpAk; vd;Dila gq;fspg;igr; nrYj;jpAs;Nsd;. kf;fSf;F thf;fspg;gjw;Fs;s chpikia ghJfhj; j y; mt; t hwhd ,d; n dhU eltbf; ifahFk; . Njh; j y; eilngWk; fhyq; f spy; ntF[d Clfq; f spd; gf; f r; r hh; g w; w kw; W k; eLepiyahd mwpf; i fapliy cWjpnra; j y; > fUj; J f; f is njhptpf; f > thf; i f gad; g Lj; j > tlf; F fpof; f py; ,lk; n gah; e ; J kf; f Sf; F
2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

rl;lj;juzpAk; gj;jphpif fiyQUk; vOj;jhsUkhd fp\hyp gpd;J [ath;jd mth;fSld; Neh;fhzy;

,

yq;if kf;fspd; rptpy; kw;Wk; murpay; chpikfis ntd;nwLf;Fk; nghUl;L gy;NtW rl;l eltbf;iffs; Nkw;nfhs;tjpy; ePqf ; s; Kd;Ndhbahf epd;W nraw;gLtij ehk; mwpNthk;. cq;fSf;F ,e;j rl;l eltbf;iffs; gw;wp tpsf;fkspf;f KbAkh?

fle;j ,U jrhg;j fhyj;jpDs; rl;lk; kw;Wk; kdpj chpikfs; njhlh; g hd Mtzq; f s; jahhpf;Fk; gzpapy; <Lgl;L rptpy; (Fbapay;)> murpay; chpikfs; ntd;nwLg;gjpy; gq;fspg;ig ngw;Wf;nfhLj;Js;s mNjNeuk; fle;j gj;jhz;L fhyj;jpDs; nraY}f;fj;JlDk; mjhtJ tof;Fj; jhf; f y; nra; A k; gzpfspYk; vd; D ila gq;fspg;igr; nrYj;jpAs;Nsd;.
4

Nghf; F tuj; J f; F s; s chpikia mj; j hl; r pg; gLj;jy; kw;Wk; mtrufhyr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; tpNrl th; j ; j khdp mwptpj; j ypd; %yk; Njh; j iy gpw;NghLtjw;F [dhjpgjp fl;lis ,Ltij rl;lj;jpd; Kd; rthy; cl;gLj;jy; vd;gtw;iw> kf; f spd; thf; F hpikia ntd; n wLg; g jw; f hf vd;dhy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l tpNrl nraw;ghLfnsd Fwpg;gplyhk;. ,tw; W f; F Nkyjpfkhf fP o ; t Uk; re; j h; g ; gq; f spy; ghuhSkd; w j; j hy; rl; l %yq; f spd; mbg;gilapy; rl;lq;fis ,aw;w Kaw;rpf;Fk; NghJ murpay; ahg;gpw;fpzq;f cah;epjpkd;wj;jpy; mt; t hwhd rl; l %yq; f spd; rl; l hP j pahd jd; i kf; F rthy; t pLf; f ehd; eltbf; i f vLj;Js;Nsd;. jpl;lkplg;gl;l Fw;wr;nray;fs; njhlh;gpy; cj;Njr rl;lj;jpw;F rthy; tpLj;jy; ,yq;if jghy; mjpfhurig jdpahh; kag;gLj;Jtjw;F vjpuhf epw;wy;> fUj;J njhptpg;gjpy;> NgRtjpy; > rpe; j pg; g jpy; NkYk; rhl; r pfspd; gpufhuk; nraw;gLk;NghJ khzth;fSf;F cs;s chpikia ntd; n wLj; j y; > xUtUf; F jdJ njhopypy; <LgLtjw; F s; s chpikia ntd; n wLj; j y; Nghd; w tw; i w ,tw; W f; f hd cjhuzq;fshf njhptpf;f KbAk;.

ePqf ; s; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; vt;tifahd r%f kw;Wk; murpay; chpikfs; njhlh;gpy; tof;fhbdPh;fs;?

cj; N jr nfhOk; G - khj; j iw mjpNtf neLQ;rhiy fhuzkhf ghjpf;fg;gl;l fhzp chpikahsh; f spd; chpikfis ntd; n wLg; g jw; f hf tof; F j; j hf; f y; nra; j y; (fhzpfs; RtPfhpf;Fk; nghUl;L fhzp mikr;rUf;Fs;s mjpfhuj;ij mtuhy; nghJkf;fspd; nghWg;gpd; fP o ; gad; g Lj; j KbAk; vd; g ijAk; > me; j mjpfhuj;ij mikr;rh; kf;fSf;F rhjfkhFk; nghUl; L gad; g Lj; j Ntz; L nkd; g ijAk; Rl; b f; f hl; b ,jpy; cah; e P j pkd; w j; j hy; Kiwg;ghl;L jug;gpdUf;F ed;ik gaf;ff;$ba tof; F j; jP h ; g ; G toq; f g; g l; l J) mNjNghd; W murpay; ahg; g pd; 13tJ jpUj; j k; kw; W k; khfhzthhpahd mjpfhuj;ij gfph;e;jspf;Fk; nfhs; i fia kP W k; t ifapy; murpdhy; fhzp nfhs; g th; f Sf; F tiuaiwfis tpjpf; f hky; fhzpfs; xg;gilf;fg;gLtij ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Kd; rhthy; cl; g Lj; j paijAk; ,jd; f P o ; Fwpg;gplyhk;.
rpy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; ntw;wpaspj;jpUg;gpDk; chpikfis ntd; n wLj; j y; kw; W k; rl; l hP j pahd jiyaP L fspd; gue; J gl; l tp];jPuzkhf ePq;fs; tpghpj;j eltbf;iffis fUj;jpy; nfhs;sKbAk;. vt;thwhapDk; ePjpkd;wk; nry;Yk;NghJ tpNrlkhf cah;ePjp kd;wk; nry;Yk;NghJ kf;fs; vjph;Nehf;Fk; jilfs; gw;wp tpsf;f KbAkh?

vkJ ehl;L epWtd fyhrhuk; nghUj;jkhdjhf fl;bnaOg;gg;gLtij Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;l 17tJ murpay; ahg;Gj; jpUj;jk; Neh;ikahd murpay; njhiyNehf;ifAk; J}z;LjiyAk; nfhz;buhikapdhy; Jujp\;ltrkhf ngWNgWfs; mw;Wg;Nghapd Njh;jy;fs; Mizf;FO ,Jtiuapy; epakpf;fg;gltpy;iy Njrpa nghyp]; Mizf;FO> murNrit Mizf;FO kw;Wk; kdpj chpikfs; Mizf;FOitAk; me;j epWtdq;fis elj;jpr;nry;Yk;NghJk; ghhpa jilfis vjph;Nehf;f Ntz;bNaw;gl;Ls;sJ.
2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Neubahf capiuAk; Rje; j puj; i jAk; ghJfhg; g J gw; w p ftdj; j py; nfhs; S k; N ghJ eP j pkd; w j; j pd; Kd; nry; t jw; F Jzpe; j gy egh;fs;> kw;Wk; mth;fspd; neUq;fpath;fspd; caph; f Sf; F jP q ; f pisg; g jhf tpLf; f g; g Lk; mr; R Wj; j y; f Sf; F Kfk; nfhLf; f Ntz; b As;sJ. gpugykhd xU Fw;wthspahf jtWjyhf fUjg; g l; l kw; W k; ,dq; f hzg; g l; l jd; fhuzkhf nghyprhhpdhy; rpj;jputijf;Fl;gl;l n[uhl; ngNuuh ,jw; F ey; y Njhh; cjhuzkhthh;. jd;id rpj;jputij nra;jth;fSf;F vjpuhf Nky;ePjpkd;wj;jpy; n[uhl; rhl;rpaspf;ftpUe;j jpdj;jpw;F rpy jpdq;fSf;F Kd; mth; nfhy;yg;gl;lhh;. mth; nfhy;yg;gLtjw;F Kd; jd; i d kpfTk; nfh^ukhf rpj; j putijf; F cl; g Lj; j pajw; F vjpuhf cah; eP j pkd; w j; j py; tprhhpf; f g; g l; L te; j mbg; g il chpikfs; tof; f py; ntw; w p ngw; w n[uhl; ,og; g P l ; L j; njhif ngw; w NghJk; > mtiu rpj; j putijf; Fl;gLj;jpaJ njhlh;ghd nghWg;G xg;gilf;fg;gl;l nghyp]; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;nfjpuhf
5

xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if vLf;FkhW nghyp];kh mjpgUf;F cah;ePjpkd;wj;jhy; cj;jutplg;gl;l NghJk; mit nray;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. me;j nghyp]; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspy; xU rpyUf;F vjpuhf jw;NghJ nfhiyf; Fw;wr;rhl;L njhlh;gpy; Nky; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj;jhf;fy; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ghjpf; f g; g l; l jug; g pdUf; F gjpyhf rhl;rpakspg;gth;fis ghJfhf;Fk; mur ,ae;jpu nkhd;W mtrpakhdhYk; mt;thwhd nthd;W nray;hPjpahf eilngwhik ftiyf;Fhpa xU tplakhFk;. me;j tof;F kw;Wk; ,t;thwhd E}w;Wf;fzf;fhd tof;Ffspd;NghJ nghyp]hh;> rpiwr;rhiy cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; mlq;fyhd gy kf; f s; cj; j pNahfj; j h; f s; eP j pkd; w j; j hy; gpwg;gpf;fg;gLk; cj;juTfs; kw;Wk; eltbf;iffs; gw; w p jP t pu ftdk; nrYj; j hikapdhy; ,t;thwhd jilfs; Njhd;Wfpd;wd. mjdhy; ghjpg; G f; F k; njhy; i yf; F k; Mshd xU Kiwg; g hl; l hsh; eP j pkd; w jP h ; g ; g pd; % yk; ,og;gPLngw jFjpAilatuhdhYk; cz;ikapy; me; j r; rYif mtUf; F / mtSf; F fpilg;gjpy;iy. gy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; ePjpkd;wk; nry;tnjd;w xNu fhuzj; J f; f hf nghJkf; f s; jz; b f; f g; gLfpwhh; f s; . cjhuzkhf njw; F mjpNtf neLQ; r hiyf; f hf fhzpfs; RtP f hpf; f g; gl; l ikapdhy; jkJ fhzpfspypUe; J mg;Gwg;gLj;jg;gl;l NghJk; mjw;nfjpuhf cah; eP j pkd; w k; nrd; W jkf; F rhjfkhf tof; F j; jPh;g;ig ngw;wikapdhy; NtWtpjkhf vLj;Jf; nfhz; l hy; mth; f Sf; F fpilf; f tpUe; j ,og; g P l ; L j; n jhif epuhfhpf; f g; g l; l J. ,J cz; i kapNyNa mtkhdg; g lf; $ ba #o; e piyia cz; L gz; z paNjhL epahaj; i j epiyehl; L k; nghUl; L eP j pkd; w k; Kd; nry; t jw; F kf; f Sf; F ,Uf; F k; chpikia #iwahLtJkhFk;. eP j pkd; w j; j py; tof; F j; j hf; f y; nra; t J njhlh; g py; nghJkf; f shy; nghJthd jilfshf ,dk; fhzg;gl;bUf;Fk; fhuzpfs; gw; w p ftdpf; F k; N ghJ epahaj; i j epiy ehl; L tjpy; fhzg; g Lk; fhyjhkjk; kw; W k; tof; F j; j hf; f y; nra; A k; eltbf; i ff; f hf XusNtDk; nghUshjhu gpd; d zp ,Uj; j y; Ntz; L k; vd; g tw; i w Rl; b f; f hl; l yhk; . epjpAjtpfs; toq;Fk; gy;NtW mikg;Gf;fshy; kpfTk; jpUg; j pailaf; $ba tpjj; j py; cjtp toq;Fk; rl;l cjtp toq;Fk; ,ae;jpu nkhd;W ,yq;ifapy; nraw;gLk; NghJk;> mit chpa Kiwapy; nraw; g ltpy; i ynad; g J cz; i k. mt;thwhd ePjp cjtp toq;Fk; ,ae;jp-uq;fs; fdp\;l my;yJ Nghjpa Qhdk; Fiwe;j my;yJ
6

Mw; w y; f s; ,y; y hj rl; l j; j uzpfshy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l egh;fSf;fhf ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;F eltbf;iffs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glfpd;wd. jq;fs; gpur;ridfs; njhlh;ghf ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Kd; nry;tjw;Fg; gjpyhf kf;fs; ngUk;ghYk; mth;fs; tzq;fptUk; flTsplk; Jf;fq;fis njhptpj;JtUfpd;wdh;. kf;fspd; rl;l kw;Wk; eP j pkd; w nraw; g hLfs; gpur; r idfSf; F j; jP h ; T fhz jtwpAs; s ikf; F ,J rpwe; j cjhuzkhFk;. vt;thwhapDk; nghJkf;fspd; Nrkyhgq; f s; tof; f pd; %yk; jP h ; f ; f g; g ly; kw;Wk; mbg;gil chpikfis tpl;Lf;nfhLj;jy; ngUk;ghYk; Fiwe;Js;sJ. ,e;epiy vq;fSf;F ghhpastpy; jhf; f j; i jr; nrYj; j f; $ ba ftiyf;Fhpa tplakhFk;.
Mz;-ngz; ,ay;gpd; mbg;gilapy; mike;Js;s NtWghLfis epyTk; rl;ljpl;lq;fspd; rthYf;F cl;gLj;jp ePjpkd;wk;tiu vLj;Jr; nrd;Ws;sh P f ; sh? mt;thwpy;yhtpl;lhy; mJ Vd;?

rl; l hP j pahd jd; i kapDs; Mz; - ngz; ,ay;Ggw;wp NtWghl;Lf;F cl;glhjpUg;gjw;fhd chpik njhlh;ghf ,Jtiuapy; rpy ntw;wpfs; <l; l g; g l; L s; s d. Mz; - ngz; ,ay; g pd; mbg; g ilapy; NtWghl; L f; F cl; g Lj; j hj rl;ljpUj;jk; epiwNtw;wg;gl;Ls;sik ,jw;F cjhuzkhFk; . vt; t hNwDk; ,e; j pahtpy; me; e hl; b d; ngz; chpikfs; njhlh; g py; nraw;gLk; nraw;ghl;lhsh;fs; ,aq;Ftijg; Nghd;W vkf;Fs;s rl;lKiwikapd; gpufhuk; ,yq;iftho; ngz;fSf;F ed;ikfs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf; f KbahJs; s J. xU tplak; Fwpj; J Neh; i kahd gw; W s; s egh; f Sf; F k; FOf; f Sf;Fk; xUrpy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; jhf;fy; nra;tjw;fhf ,e;jpa murpay; ahg;gpdhy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s rl;l Vw;ghLfs; vkJ murpay; ahg;gpy; Vw;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. caph; tho;tjw;fhd chpik Nghd;w chpikfs; ,yq; i f murpay; ahg; g py; ghJfhf; f g; g lhj mNjNeuk; ghjpf; f g; g Lk; egUf; F k; mtuJ rl;lj;juzpf;Fk; kl;Lk; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlh;tjw;F chpik ,Uf;fpwJ. (fle;j ,uz;L tUlq; f spy; kl; L k; ‘capiu ,y; y hky; nra;tjw;F KbahJ" vdg;gLk; FWfpa nghUs; gFj; j ha; t pd; Nky; ,Ue; J nfhz; L eP j pkd; w khdJ tiutpyf; f zj; j pd; %yk; caph; t ho; t jw; F s; s chpikia Vw; W f; nfhz;Ls;sJ.) njhz;Z}whk; Mz;Lfspd; eLg;gFjpapy; nghJkf;fspd; Nrkyhgq;fs; tof;Fj; jhf;fy; nra; J ngw; W f; n fhLg; g ij Cf; F tpf; f g; g l; l
2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

njhlh;eJ ; k; ,e;j ghJfhg;G fl;lisapd; Njit ,Uf;fhJ. kPz;Lk; td;Kiwahf ele;Jnfhs;tjpy;iynad ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F czuitf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; ,g;ghJfhg;G fl;lisia mfw;wp ,UtUk; kPz;Lk; xw;WikAld; rPtpf;f tha;g;G toq;fg;gLk;.

cld; g bf; i fahd KjyhtJ khw; W f; $l;lzpapd; gq;fhsuhf 1998Mk; Mz;L [dthp khjk; 03Mk; jpfjp ifnahg; g kpl; L Vw; W f; nfhs;sg;gl;l xU ehlhf> vkJ ehl;L kf;fspd; chpikfs; gw;wp jhf;fj;ij cz;Lgz;zpa gy tof; F j; jP h ; g ; G f; f s; If; f pa ehLfspd; kdpj chpik FOtpdhy; vkf;F toq;fg;gl;ld. ,uhZtj; j pdh; ifJnra; j ikapdhy; fhzhkw; N ghd jdJ kfDf; f hf tof; F j; jhf;fy; nra;a je;ijnahtUf;F cs;s chpikia mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jy;> ghuhSkd;w mq;fj;jth;fSf; F NghJkhd ghJfhg; i g ngw; W f; n fhs; tjw;Fs;s chpik kw;Wk; ClftpayhsUf;Fk; jLg;Gf; fhtypy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;stUf;Fk; Jhpj tof;F eltbf;iffis nraw;gLj;Jtjw;Fs;s chpik vd;gd ,tw;Ws; rpythFk;. rptpy; kw;Wk; murpay; chpikfs; njhlh;ghd rh;tNjr cld;gbf;ifapd; %yKk;> ,yq;if murpay; ahg;gpd; %yKk; ntd;nwLf;fg;glhj caph; tho;tjw;fhd chpik kw;Wk; mt;thwhd NtW Rje; j puj; j pw; f hd chpikfis Vw; W f; nfhz;Ls;sjhy; ,e;j Nghf;F kdpj chpikfs; rl; l j; J iwapy; Gjpa kyh; r ; r pia Vw; g Lj; jpapUf;fpwJ. rpy re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; If;fpa ehLfspd; kdpj chpik FOtpdhYk; ,yq;if murpay; ahg;gpdhYk; Fwpg;ghf ngah; nrhy;yg;glhj chpikfSk;; kPwg;gl;Ls;sJ gpufldk; nra;tJ tiu eltbf;if vLj;Js;Nsd;. ,yq;ifapy; ntF[d ClftpayhsUf; F my; y J gjpg; ghrphpah; xUtUf;F vjpuhf Fw;wtpay; mtJ}W rl; l j; j pd; fP o ; Nky; e P j pkd; w j; j py; mjp cah; Fw;wg;gj;jphpif jhf;fy; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s tof;nfhd;wpy; mtUf;nfjpuhf tof;F eltbf;iffs; Muk; g pj; j y; VO Mz; L fshf jhkjpf; f g; g l; bUj;jy; Jhpj tof;nfhd;iw ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F mtUf;Fs;s chpik kPwg;gl;Ls;sJ vd kdpj chpikfs; FO ghpe;Jiu nra;jpUg;gJ ,jw;F rpwe;j cjhuzkhFk;. Jhpj tof;nfhd;Wf;F cs;s chpik ehl;bd; murpay; ahg; g pdhy; mj; j hl; r pg; g Lj; j g; g l; l xd;wy;y. ,yq;if ePjpkd;wq;fspy; ePjp epiy ehl; l g; g lhj re; j h; g ; g q; f spy; mjw; f hd xU jPh;thf rh;tNjr kdpj chpikfs; kPwg;gl;Ls;sij Muha; e ; J ghh; f ; F k; ,ae; j puj; j pw; F KiwaPLfis nra;aKbAk;. kdpj chpikfs; FOtpd; jP h ; k hdq; f s; eilKiwg; g Lj; j y; fhyjhkjkhfp eilngwtpUf;Fk;NghJ vk;khy; Nkw;gb eltbf;iffis filg;gpbj;jpUg;gij mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jpapUj;jy; Kf;fpaj;JtkhdJ.

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2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

7

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8

Damayantji Mutukumarage

2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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16

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j; j pw; F gq; f k; tpistpf; F k; tifapyhd mLj;jLj;J njhlu;e;J Vw;gLk; gpurtk; kw;Wk; ngw;nwLf;Fk; Foe;ijfSf;fpilapy; fhzg;gLk; ,ilntspapd; Njitiag; g w; w p vdJ fztNuh my; y J ehNdh rw; N wDk; rpe; j pf; f tpy;iy. mf;fhyfl;lj;jpy; FLk;g fl;Lg;ghl;L rq;fk; epWtg;gl;Nlh my;yJ jpl;lkplg;gl;l FLk; g Kiwahd ‘ xt; n thU Foe; i jAk; mtrpakhd Foe; i j ’ vd; w tpopg; G zu; T Vw;gLj;jg;gl;Nlh ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Ik;gJ tUl fhyj;jpw;F Kd;dh; fhzg;gl;l mwpahikia vz; z p ghu; f ; F k; nghOJ tpag; g hfTs; s J. vdpDk;> rfyJk; ntspr;rj;jpw;F nfhz;Ltug;gl;L njspTg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,f;fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; ,yq;fifapd; NtWg;gl;l rKjhaq;fspy; cs;s gy ,sk; ngz; f s; kj; j papy; kfg; n gw; W r; Rfhjhuk; njhlHghd tplaq; f s; kw; W k; mth;fsJ cupikfs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; njd;gLk; mwpahik ek; r%fj; j py; xU ftiyf; F upa tplakhfTs;sJ. mjpf vz; z pf; i fapyhd Foe; i jfis guhkwpj; J tsh; n jLf; F k; trjp kw; W k; mjD}lhf ,d; g kilaf; $ ba rpyupd; gl; b aYf; F s; vd; i dAk; NrHf; f yhk; . mlq; f yhk; . vdpDk; > jP h ; k hdpf; F k; cupik jq; f Sf; F ,y; y hj fhuzj; j hy; Njitaw; w Foe;ijfis njhlu;e;J ngWk; gy ngz;fs; ,yq; i fapy; cs; s dh; . ,g; ngz; f spd; fzth; f s; ,th; f is jq; f s; NjitNfw; g topelj;JtJ kw;Wky;yhJ fUj;jilAiwfis mzpaTk; kWf;fpd;wdh;. mj;Jld; kidtpia fUj; j il rpfpr; r pia nra; a gzpf; f pd; w dh; > Mdhy; mth;fs; xUg;nghOJk; ‘Nt];fl;lkp’ vdg; g Lk; tpe; J ehs mWit rpfpr; i ria Nkw;nfhs;s vz;ZtJ $l fpilahJ. Gj;jsj;jpy; vdJ kfs; itj;jpa mjpfhupahf gzpahw;Wk; nghOJ mq;Fs;s ngz;fs; njhlu; gpurtqfspdhy; gLk; Ntjidia fz;L jdJ tprdj;ij njupTj;Js;sh;. mq;F 29 taJila xU ngz; jdJ gj;jhtJ gpurtj;jpd; NghJ NkYk; Foe; i jfis ngWtjpypUe; J jdf; F tpLjiy Ntz;Lnkd fUjLg;G rpfpr;iria Nkw;nfhs;s jdJ tpUg;gj;jpid njuptpj;jhs;. Mdhy; mtuJ fzth; gbtj;jpy; ifnaOj;J ,ltpy; i y. fztupd; mDkjpapd; w p vJTk; nra; a Kbatpy; i y. rpy tUlq; f Sf; F Kd; ; jpUkzj;jpd; %ykhd ghypay; gyhj;fhukhdJ xU Fw;wr; nray; vd;w rh;r;iria rpy ngz; cupik gpujpepjpfSk; tof; f wpQh; f Sk; fpog;gpdh;> ,jdhy; Fwpg;ghf xU rKjhaj;jpduplkpUe;J gyj;j fz;lzf; Fwy;fs; vOk;gpd. rh;tNjr ,d uPjpapyhd fy;tp epiyaj;jpdhy; elhj;jg;gl;l Xh; $l;lj;jpw;F nrd;w nghOJ
2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

xU K]; y P k ; egh; ngz; f is ‘ Mz; f s; gapupLtjw;F my;yJ cOtjw;F Vw;w gjdplg;gl;l xU epyk;’ vdf; njhptpj;jhu;’. jpUkzkhdJ rkkhd ,U jdpg; g l; l egh; f Sf; f pilNa xUkpj; j Xg; g e; j khFk; mNjNtis ,jpy; jP h ; k dq; f is jdpg; g l; l uPjpapy; xg;ge;jjhuh;fs; vLf;f$lhJ. vj;jid Foe;ijfis ngWtJ kw;Wk; mtu;fis ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F Njitahd ,ilntsp> Foeijfis ngWtjh ,y;iyah?> fUjLg;G Kiwfs; fhzg; g l; l hy; vt; t hwhd Kiwia gad;gLj;JtJ?> kw;Wk; njhopy; GupAk; ngz;fs; Foe;ijfspd; tUiff;F gpd;d njhopw;Guptjh? Nghd; w tplaq; f s; fye; J iuahlg; g l; L ,Ujug;gpdUk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; KbT vLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,UthpYk; XUth; Kf;fpakhf MZf; F NtW fUj; J fhzg; g Lkhapd; mf;fUj;ij jdJ kditpapd; kPJ jpzpf;fNth my; y J fl; l hag; g Lj; j Nth Kw; g lf; $ lhJ (mNj Nghy; ngz; f Sk; mt; t hW nra; a vj;jzpj;jyhfhJ). jpUkzj;jpw;F Kd; jdJ fhjydhy; fug;gk; jupj;j Xh; ngz;> ntspehl;bypUe; J jpUk; g paTld; mtis jpUkzk; Kbf; f tpUe; j fhjyDf; F mwptpf; f hJ fUf; f iyg; G nra; j ij ehd; mwpNtd; . ,ij Nfs;tpAw;w mtd; kpfTk; Ntjidg;gl;lhd;. ,t;thwd xU epiyapy; Foe;ij cUthFtjw;F ,UtUNk fhuzk; vd;gij kdjpy; nfhz;L Kf;fpa jPh;khdj;ij vLf;f Kd;dh; ,f;Foe;ijapd; je;ijAld; fye;Jiuahb mtUila KbTfisAk; kdjpy; nfhs;s Ntz;L;k; vd ehd; ek;GfpNwd;. mJ fUfiyg;G vd;w vupr;riy cUthf;Fk; xU Nfs;tpf;F vq;fis nfhz;L tUfpd;wJ. mz; i kf; f hykhf> ngz; f Sf; n fjpuhd rfy tpjq; f spYkhd ghugl; r q; f is ,y; y hnjhopf; F k; khehlhdJ (CEDAW), ngz; z pa gpujpepjpfshy; fUfiyg; g pid rl; l uP j pahf nry;Ygbahf;Fk; Xh; cghangd mr;rq; nfhz;l Mz; jug;gpdh; mth;fsJ gyj;j fz;ldq;fis ntspf;fLj;jpdh;. ngz;fs; fy;tp kw;Wk; Ma;T epiyak; ‘ ngz; f Sf; n fjpuhd rfy tpjq; f spYkhd ghugl; r q; f is ,y; y hnjhopf; F k; khehl; i l Gupe; J nfhs; S jy; ’ (understanding CEDAW) vd;w jiyg;gpy; rpwpa ifEhs; xd;iw MU gpujhd nkhopfspYk; ntspapl; L s; s J (jkpopy; jdpahf ntspapl vz;zpAs;sJ). mjpy; 16tK thrfk; ‘jpUkzj;jpy; rkj;Jtk; kw;Wk; FLk;g cwTfs;’ vd;gij tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. jdJ tho; f ; i f Jizia Njh; e ; n jLf;fTk;> jpUkzk; kw;Wk; Joe;ijfs; Nghd;w tplaq; f spy; fztUf; F s; s cupikfis
11

Nghd; N w ,Uf; f Tk; > vg; n ghOJ vj; j id Foe; i jfis ngw; W f; nfhs; t J vd; W jP h ; k hdpf; f Tk; > FLk; g ngaiu njhpT nra; a Tk; > njhopiy njupT nra; a Tk; > epyk; kw; W k; NtW clikfSf; F cupik nfhz; l hlTk; ngz; f Sf; F cupikAs; snjd ngz; f Sf; n fjpuhd rfy tpjq; f spYkhd ghugl; r q; f is ,y; y hnjhopf; F k; khehL (CEDAW) Vw;W nfhs;fpd;wJ. %d; w htjhfTs; s vg; n ghOJ vj; j id Foe; i jfis ngw; W f; nfhs; t J vd; W jP h ; k hdpf; F k; chpik vd; w gFjpNa fUfiyg; i g rl; l uP j pahf khw; W tjw; f hd cghankd rpyh; fUJfpd; w dh; vd ehd; vd;Zfpd;Nwd;. fhuzq;fs; vJTk; ,y;yhky; ngz; f s; ; Ntz; L khapd; fUf; f iyg; i g Nkw;nfhs;tNj fUf;fyig;ig rl;luPjpahf;FtJ vd; g jd; fUj; j hFk; . mij xU fUjLg; G KiwahfTk; cgNahfg;gLj;jyhk; mj;Jld; rpy ehLfspy; ,J rl;luPjpahf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jdhy; Fwpgpljf;f rpy mghaKk; cz;L> rpy Ntisfspy; fUf;fiyg;ghdJ rpwpa kw;Wk; Njitaw;w tplaq;fSf;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg; g lyhk; vd; g J rfyUk; mwpe; j xd; N w> mt; t hwhd re; j h; g ; g q; f is vq; f shy; Vw;Wf;nfhs;s KbahJ. vdpDk; fUf;fiyg;gpd; kP J s; s fLk; N ghf; f hd fl; L g; g hLfis jfh; J tJ vd; g J ,jww; F mg; g hw; g l; l xU tplak;. ,yq;ifapy; fUf;fiyg;ghdJ jhapd; capiu fhg; g jw; F khj; j puNk Nkw; n fhs; s g; gLfpd;wJ. ghypay; gyhj;fhuj;jpdhy; Vw;gl;l fUjupg; G > Vw; W f; nfhs; s g; g lhj cwtpdh; f ; fpilapyhd ghypaYwtpdhy; Vw; g l; l fUj;jupg;G> fUtpy; Vw;gLk; Fog;gq;fs; kw;Wk; fUj;jLg;G Njhy;tpfspdhy; Vw;gl;l fUj;jupg;G Nghd;witfs; fUf;fiyg;gpid Nkw;nfhs;s VJthd fhuzpfshf Vw; W f; n fhs; s g; g l khl;lhJ. jpUkzkhfj fh;g;gpzpg; ngz;fis ghJfhj; J guhkwpf; F k; Xh; ,y; y j; j pw; F vd; D ila ez; g u; XUth; nrd; w pUe; j hh; . mq; f pUe; j xU 14 taJ rpWkpia fz; L Ntjidaile;jhs;. mtSila xU neUq;fpa cwtpduhy; ghypay; ghyhj; f huj; j pw; F s; shf; f g; g l; l hh; > mjd; %ykhf fUTw; w hs; . mtSila tP q ; f pa tapw; i w ghh; f ; F k; nghOnjy; y hk; jLkhwpdhs. ‘ ,ij vd; tapw;wpypUe;njLf;f topNaJkpy;iyah?’ vd vd; D ila ez; g pia ghh; j ; J gy Kiw tpshtpdhs; ? vq; f Sila rl; l q; f spdhy; ,r; r pWkp epuhfupf; f g; g l; L ,t; t hwhd epe; i jf; F wpa fh; g ; g j; i j Rke; J gpd; d h; Njitaw; w Xh; Foe; i jia (,f; F oe; i jia NtnuhUth; jj;JnfhLf;Fk; epiy) ,t;Tyfpw;F nfhz;Ltu Ntz;ba Xh; epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.
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,UgJ taij vl; b a ,uz; l mq; f tP d f; gps;isfis nfhz;l vdJ ez;gp xUtUf;F ,f; Foe;ijfSf;F mkuNth my;yJ NgrNth my;yJ NtW vjidAk; jdpNa nra;J nfhs;s Kbahj epiy. uP l ; l h (mtuJ cz; i kg; ngauy; y )lhf; l u; f spd; Jhz; L jYf; F k; MNyhridf;Fk; mLj;Nj jdJ ,uz;lhtJ Foe;ijia ngw;nwLj;jhs;. Kjw; Foe;ijia Nghy ,uz;lhtJ Foe;ijAk; mq;ftpdkhf gpwf; f tha; g ; G fs; kpfTk; FiwT vdTk; ,uz; l htJ Foe; i j ngw; n wLg; g J cly; kw;Wk; cs uPjpapyhd MNuhf;fpakhdJ vdTk; MNyhrid toq;fp ,Ue;jdu;. Jujp\;ltrkhf mth; f s; $wpaJ Nghd; W elf; f tpy; i y> jw;nghOJ mtSk; mtsJ fztUk; ,t;tpU Foe;ijfisAk; murhq;f cjtpfs; vJTkpd;wp jdpNa guhkupj; J tUfpd; w dh; . ,uz; l htJ

FLk;g msit jPh;khdpj;J Fwpg;gpl;l vz;zpf;ifapyhd gps;sisfis ngw;w gpd;dh; ed;F gupNrhjpj;J ek;gfukhd fUj;jLg;G Kiwia cgNahfpf;Fk; jk;gjpfSf;F fUj;jLg;G Njhy;tpahdJ gy FLk;g rpf;fy;fis Vw;gLj;Jk;. cgNahfpf;Fk; fUj;jLg;gpy; Vw;gLk; vjph;ghuhj Njhy;tpahdJ gy ghuJhukhd gpd;tpisTfis Vw;gLj;Jk;.
Foe;ijAk; Kjw; Foe;ijia Nghy gpwf;Fnkd njupe; j pUe; j hy; Muk; g j; j pNyNa fUf; f iyg; G nra;jpUg;gPh;fsh vd mtuplk; tpdhtpNdd;? mjw;F mth; gjpy; $wtpy;iy Mdhy; mtuJ fz;fs; fyq;fpd. FLk; g msit jP h ; k hdpj; J Fwpg; g pl; l vz;zpf;ifapyhd gps;sisfis ngw;w gpd;dh; ed; F gupNrhjpj; J ek; g fukhd fUj; j Lg; G Kiwia cgNahfpf;Fk; jk;gjpfSf;F fUj;jLg;G Njhy; t pahdJ gy FLk; g rpf; f y; f is Vw;gLj;Jk;. cgNahfpf;Fk; fUj;jLg;gpy; Vw;gLk; vjph; g huhj Njhy; t pahdJ gy ghuJhukhd gpd;tpisTfis Vw;gLj;Jk;. ehd; mwpe;j xU jk;gjpapdh; %d;W Foe;ijfis ngw;wnwLj;j gpd; d h; fUjLg; G Kiwapid ehbdh; .
2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

kditpahdth; fh;gg ; g;ig rhh;ej ; fUjLg;G fUtp (Y}g;) Kiwia ifahz;lhh;. rpy tUlq;fspd; gpd; d u; jhd; fUjupj; j pUg; g ij czhe; J mjph;e;jhs;. itj;jpah; ,ij cWjpg;gLj;jpaJ kl; L kd; w p ,ul; i laiu ngw; n wLf; f Ts; s P h ; vd;gjidAk; mwptpj;jhh;. vdpDk;> ghYwtpd; gpd;dh; fUj;jupf;fhjpUf;f fhiyapy; vLf;Fk; khj; j piufis vLg; g ij vjph; f ; F k; rpyh; cs;sdh;. ngz;fs;> mjpYk; Kf;fpakhf jha;khh;fis caph; nfhLj;J guhkupg;Nghh; fUJtJ rfyUk; mwpe;jNj. ,f; fUj;jpw;f;F tpjptpyf;fhf rpyh; ,Uf;fyhk;> vdpDk; Fbirfs; kw;Wk; Nrhpfspy; Foe; i jfs; xU ey; y MNuf; f pakhd tho; f ; i fia tho; t jw; F ghLgLth; f Sk; mt; t hwhd xU epiyia Vw; g Lj; j gy mh;g;gzpg;Gfis nra;a jahuhfTs;sth;fSk; jha;khh;fNs vd;gij ,t;tplq;fspy; gzpGupAk; r%f Nritahsu; f s; gy Kiw mtjhdpj; Js;sdh;. mjpfkhd re;ju;g;gq;fspy; ,th;fspd; fzth; f s; mth; f spd; gzj; i j kJghdk; mUe; J tw; f ; F k; #jhl; l j; j pw; f ; F k; nrytopf; fpd; w dh; . tP l ; L Njitf; f hf jq; f Sila kidtpkhUf; F rpwaNjhh; njhifapid nfhLg; g NjhL gps; i sfspd; mgptpUj; j papy; vt;tpj Mh;tKk; nrYj;Jtjpy;iy. mNjNghy cly; kw; W k; cs uP j papyhd ghjpg; G fis nfhz;l gps;isfSf;Fk; (Kf;fpakhf gpd;jq;fpa r%fq; f spy; ) jha; k hh; f Ns 24 kzp Neu ftdj; i jAk; nrYj; j p guhkwpf; f pd; w dh; . ,g;gps;isfSf;nfd elhj;jg;gLk; #hpNahja $lhu epfo; T (Sunshine Camps) vdg; g Lk; epfo;r;rpapd; NghJ ,f;Foe;ijfSld; $ltUk; jha;khh;fSld; ehd; Ngrpa nghOJ> ,th;fNs FLk;gj;ij jdpNa fl;bf; fhg;gth;fs; vd;gij mwpe; J nfhs; s Kbe; j J. ,g; g huj; i j Rkg;gth;fSk; ngz;fNs> ,ij tpl 9 khjq;fs; fUtpNy Rke;J gpurt Ntjidia mDgtpj;J gpd;dh; jha;g;ghY}l;b tsu;f;Fk; ngz;fSf;F fUf; f iyg; G kw; W k; fUj; j Lg; G rk; g e; j khf jP h ; k hdpf; F k; cupik kw; W k; mth; f Sila Nfhupf;iff;F nrtpkLf;F cupik nfhz;lth;fs;. Vnddpy; rpwpa kw; W k; Njitaw; w fhuzq;fSf;fhf ,ij Nkw; nfhs;gth;fs; kpfr; rpyNu. rk;gpujaG+h;tkhf itj;jpah;fs; fUf;fiyg; i g Nkw; n fhs; t J capiu fhg; g jw; F k; ghuhkwpg;gjw;Fk; nra;Ak; Nritf;F vjpuhdJ vdf; fUjpdh;. ,d;W kUj;Jtj; JiwahdJ. me;j fUj;jpid khw;wp rl;l uPjpaw;w fUf;fiyg;G capUf;Fk; MNuhf;fpaj;jpw;Fk; NfLtpistpf;Fk; vd; g jid ntspg; g Lj; J fpd; w J. Kiwahd kUj; J tuP j papyhd guhkupg; G ld; Gjpa
2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

njhopEl;gj;ij gad;gLj;jp Nkw; nfhs;sg;gLk; fUf; f iyg; G ghJfhg; g hdJ vd; g ij gw; w pa tpopg;Gzh;itAk; nfhz;Ls;sdh;. jw;nghOJ fhzg; g Lk; ghJfhg; g hd Kiwapyhd fUfiyg; g pid ehLk; ngz; f Sf; F mij kWg; g J jtW vd; g jidAk; Vw; W f; nfhz;Ls;sdh;. fUf; fiyg;gpid rl;l uPjpahf mq;fPfupg;gjw;Fk; mjd; kPJ fhzg;gLk; rpy fLikahd fl; L ghLfis jsh; j ; J tjw; F k; ,ilapy; NtWg;ghLs;sJ. fUf;fiyg;gpd; kPJs;s rfy rl;l uPjpapyhd fl;LghLfisAk; xopg;gNj fU fiyg;gpid rl;l uPjpahf mq;fPfupg;gjhFk;.. Vw; W f; nfhs; s f; $ba rpy re; j h; g q; f Sk; epiyikfSk; fhzg; g Lk; nghOJ jpwe; j kdJld; nraw;fLtNj fUf; fiyg;gpYs;s rpy fLikahd fl; L ghLfis jsh; g ; g jhFk; . ,yq; i f Nghd; w ehLfspy; jpUkzkhfhj jha;khh;fis ,opTgLj;Jk; xU gaq;fukhd epiy ,d;Dk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,r;#o;epiyapy; xU epGzj;Jtk;tha;e;j Xh; itj;jpaiu ehl gzkpy; y hj epiyapy; rl; l uP j paw; w fUf; f iyg; g pid nra; a Kw; g Ltjpy; vt; t pj Mr; r pupaKkpy; i y. ek; ehl; b y; kw; W ky; y hJ NtW rpy ehLfspYk; fUf; f iyg; i g Nkw; nfhs; S k; mNefkhd ngz; f s; rl; l uP j pahf jpUkzkhd ngz; f s; vd; g jidAk; jq; f Sila fzthpd; %ykhfNt fUjupj; j ngz;fs; vd;gJk; Ch;[pjg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. mj;Jld; mth;fspy mNefkhNdhh; (kpfr; rpyiu jtpu) gy; N tW Kf; f pa fhuzq; f Sf; f hfNt fUf;fiyg;gpid Nkw;nfhs;Sfpd;wdh;. cyfpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; fUf;fiyg;gpy; mjpfkhdit ngz;fspd; Fwpg;gpl;l tho;if epiyapd; xU gFjpahd jdpg;gl;l> r%f kw;Wk; nghUshjhu uPjpapyhd fhuzq;fSf;fhf nra;ag; gLfpd;wNjad;wp kUj;Jt fhuzq;fSf;fhf nraag;gL;tJ kpfTk; mwpJ. fUf;fiyg;gpid ftdkhfTk; ufrpakhfTk; nra; j pUe; j hYk; mj; J ld; mJ ntspahfp rl;luPjpahf jz;bf;fg;glyhk; vd;w mr;rj;jpy; nra;jpUe;jhYk; kw;Wk; XU Njh;e;j itj; j paupdhy; nra; j pUe; j hYk; mr; n raw; ghlhdJ Jd;gfukhdnjhd;whFk;. mJ cly; uPjpapyhd Jd;gfukhd mDgtk; mj;Jld; gy ngz; f s; Fw; w czh; T ld; cshP j pahfTk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;. ‘mtSf;F ,J xU ey;y ghlk; ’ vd rpyh; $WtJ nfh^ukhd kdpjhgpkhdkw; w nrayhFk; . fUf; f iyg; gpYs; s rpy fLikahd fl; L ghLfis jsh;j;JNthkhapd; fUf;fyg;ig Nkw;nfhs;s vz;zpAs;s gy ngz;fspd; Njhy;fspy; Rke;j ngupaNjhh; Rikia ,wf; f p itj; j czh; T Vw;gLk;.
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fUf; f iyg; G gw; w pa fUj; i j Mz; f Ns cUthf;fpdh;. mj;Jld; fpwp];jt Miyaq;fspd; jpUkz ge; j q; f spy; ,izahj FUkhh; f Ns rl; l jpl; l q; f is tFj; j dh; . mNjNghy Mz; f Ns fUf; f iyg; G rl; l q; f isAk; CUthf;fpdh;> Mdhy; cz;ikapy; fUfiyg;ghdJ ngz;fSld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l xU tplak;. vq;fs; ehl;bd; jw;NghJs;s epiikapy; jpdKk; 800 fUf;fiyg;G rk;gtq;fs; ,lk; ngUfpd;wd> Mdhy; rl; l j; i j ,aw; W NthuhYk; kj Nfhl; g hl; l hsh; f spdhYk; ,ij epWj; j Nth my; y J Fiwf; f Nth Kbatpy; i y. r%f tpQ;Qhd Nguhrpupah; xUth; $wpajhtJ ‘ePq;fs; mth;fis elj;ij nfl;lth;fs; vd; $wyhk; my; y J mth; f is rl; l uP j pahf Vw; W f; nfhs;sglhjth;fshf;fyhk; Mdhy; mth;fis epWj; j KbahJ. Vd; ? fUf; f iyg; g hdJ KiwahdNjh ,y; i yNah my; y J rl; l uPjpahdNjh ,y;iyNah kdpj rpf;fy; epiyfspy; fhzg; g Lk; ngz; f s; mijNa ehbdh; . cz; i kapy; fUf; f iyg; g hdJ ngz; f SlNdNa njhlh;G fl;bUe;jhYk; mij Fwpj;J fye; j hNyhrpf; F k; cupik mth; f Sf; F fpilahJ.’ Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l fUfiyg;gpd; nghOJ fUtpd; capiu gpupf; f rpfpr; i r El; g q; f s; ifahsg; g Lfpd; w d. gpd; fUg; i gapypUe; J fUtpd; clw; gFjpfs; jhapd; clYf;F ghjpg;G Vw; g lhj tz; z k; ntspNaw; w g; g Lfpd; w d. nghJthf ,J fUg;igapd; mb ghfk; kw;Wk; NahdpklY}lhf fUg; i gapy; eilg; n gWk; . rhjhuzkhd ,r;nraw;ghl;bid gpupnjLj;jy; kw;Wk; Rj;jpfupj;jy; vd;gh;. epGzj;Jtk; tha;e;j iffspy; fUj;jupj;j Muk;g thuq;fspy; ,JNthh; ,yFthd rpfpr; i rahFk; . Mdhy; ,ij Njh;r;rpailahjth;fs; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; nghOJ fUg; i gf; F ghuJ}ukhd ghjpg; i g Vw; g Lj; JtNjhL jhapd; capUf;Nf Mgj;J cz;lhFk; epiy Vw;gLk;. fUj;jupj;J %d;W khjq;fSf;fpilapNyNa itj;jpah;fs; fUf;fiyg;gpid Nkw; n fhs; S fpd; w dh; . Muk; g fl; l j; j py; fUthdJ cldbahfTk; NtfkhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjw;F typ Vw;glyhk; Mdhy; ehq;fs; czh;tij Nghyty;y. Vnddpy;> euk;Gj; njhFjpAk; %isAk; mgptpUj; j pailAk; Muk; g f; fl; l j; j pNyNa cs; s ik. vdpDk; fUfiyg;ghdJ rpfpr;ir Muk;gpf;Fk; Ntisapy; capNuhbUf;Fk; fUit rpfpr;ir KbTUk; NghJ caph; ePj;jpUj;jyhFk; vd;gij vd;gij kWf;f KbahJ. gpwf; f hj capUk; kjpg; G ilaJ. mjdhy; mij Rke;J ngw;nwLj;J guhkupf;Fk; ngz;fs;
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vspjpy; mt; T apiu mopf; f xUg; n ghOJk; vz;z khl;lhh;fs;. fUtpw;Fk; cupikAs;sJ. Mdhy; mNj cupik jhapw; F k; cs; s J. ngz; f s; cupikfis ntd; n wLg; g jpy; Kd; d piy tfpf; F k; xUth; jdJ fUj; i j ,t; t hW njuptpj; j hh; ; . ‘ gpwf; f hj Xh; capiu kjpf;Fk; mNjNtis> mjw;F KO kjpg;igAk; vd; d hy; ju KbahJ. gpwf; f hj capupdJ cupkahdJ jha;> FLk;gk;> rKjhak; kw;Wk; KO kdpj r%fj; J lDk; rkepiy gLj; j g; g l Ntz;Lk;. capiu vLg;gJ (mjpYk; gpwf;fhj XH capiu gwpg;gJ) xU ghuJ}ukhd tplakhFk;. Mdhy; kw;w kdpj capu;fis fUj;jpw; nfhz;L eilngWkhdhy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gLk;.’ fUf; f iyg; g pid nra; t jh? ,y; i yah? vd; W Fog; g epiyapYs; s ngz; f Sf; F mth; f spd; ey tpUk; g pfshd FLk; g mq; f j; j th; f s; ,th; f is ,U gf; f q; f Sf; F js; s g; g Lfpd; w dh; . mth; f sJ MNyhrfhfs; nghJthf jdpg; g l; l hP j papyhd fUj; i j nfhz;bUg;ghh;fs;. mth;fs; jq;fSf;F rupnad gLk; fUj;ij jPh;thf $wp ,g;ngz;fSf;Fs; jpzpf; f Kidthh; f s; . kdjstpy; FOk; g p Nrhh;eJ ; s;s ngz;fs; rhpahd jPhkhdj;ij vLf;f Kbahjth;fshf cs;sdh;. fhyf;NflhdJ jpBh; Kbnthd;iw vLf;f mOj;jq; nfhLf;fpd;wJ. ,e; e piyapYs; s ngz; f Sf; F Kiwahd MNyhridfis ngw; W mtsJ tho; e hs; KOtJk; thof;$ba Xh; ey;y jPh;khdnkhd;iw vLf;f tha;g;Gfis Vw;gLj;jp nfhLj;jy; kpfTk; mtrpakhFk; . 1967k; Mz; b y; gpupj; j hdpah fUf;fiyg;G rl;lj;ij jhuskakhf;fpa gpd;dh; fUf;fiyg;G MNyhridapd; Kf;fpa Njitia kf; f spd; ftdj; j pw; F nfhz; L te; j lhf; l h; Nltpl; Nk]; $wpajhtJ> fUf; f iyg; g hdJ jdf;F Njitah vd;gij cWjp nra;a xt;nthU ngz; Z k; fUf; f iyg; i g gw; w p ed; F mwpe; j pUj; j y; Ntz; L k; > fUf; f iyg; g pw; F vjpuhfNth my; y J mij Nkw; n fhs; s Nth ngw;Nwhh;> fzth;> fhjyd; kw;Wk; NtW rpyuhy; mtSf;F mOj;jq; nfhLf;fg;glf;$lhJ> xU Kbtpw;F tUk;nghOJ mk;KbT mtSila kdrhl;rp kw;Wk; mts; gpd;gw;Wk; gz;Gfis vt; t hW ghjpf; f pd; w J vd; g ij Nahrpf; f Ntz; L k; > fUf; f iyg; g pw; F khw; W topahf fUj;jupg;ig Vw;W thOk; tha;g;Gf;fis gw;wpAk; mg;ngz; Nahrpj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;> mj;Jld; nraw; j pwd; kpf; f fUjLg; G Kiwfs; kw; W k; mtw;iw ngw;W nfhs;Sk; topKiwfs; gw;wpAk; mwpe;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ngz;fs; jq;fSila tho; i ff; F nghWg; N gw; W tho; t jw; F k; jd;Dila gz;Gfs; Nfhl;ghLfis Rje;jpukhf gpd;gw;wTk; Cf;Ftpj;J cjtp nra;tNj epGz2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

j;Jtk; tha;e;j MNyhridapd; Fwpf;NfhshFk;. mts; ntspapypUe;J tUk; mOj;jq;fspypUe;J jd; i d tpLtpj; J jd; D ila vjph; f hyj; i j eph;zapf;Fk; nghWg;ig jhNd Vw;W elj;jy; Ntz; L k; . MNyhridahdJ gf; f rhh; g w; w Mdhy; ,Ugf; f fUj; J f; f isAk; toq; F k; Xd;whf ,Uj;jy; kpfTk; mtrpak;. fUf;fiyg;gpid fl;lhag;gLj;J epiyikfis kdpjd; Kbe;jstpy; jLg;gjw;F Kaw;rpf;f Ntz;baJ xU fl;lhaj; NjitahFk;. r%f epe;ij xopj;J fl; l g; g l Ntz; b aJ mtrpak; . Kiwahd ghypaw; fy; t pia (my; y J jw; n ghOJ $wg;gl;LtUk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuf; fy;tpia) ,sik guhaj;ij va;jpa gps;sifSf;F fw;W nfhLf;f Vw;ghLfis nra;jy;> ghJfhg;ghd> nraw;jpwd; nfhz;l kw;Wk; kypthd fUjLg;G Kiwfis ,yFthf ngw;W nfhs;s Vw;ghL nra; j y; > gy fLikahd rl; l q; f is ,yq;ifapy; mjpfupj;J tUk; ghypaw; gyhj;fhu eltbf; i ffspy; <LgLgth; f Sf; F vjpuhf mKy; g Lj; j y; > ghYwtpd; gpd; d h; fUj; j upf; fhjpUf; f fhiyapy; vLf; F k; khj; j piufis ,yFthf ngw; W f; n fhs; S k; tha; g ; G fis Vw;gLj;jy; Jd; g g; g Lk; ngz; f Sf; F s; vq; f Sila nrhe; j ed; e lj; i j Nfhl; g hLfis jpzpj; J mth;fis fLikahf jpUj;j vj;jzpf;ff;$lhJ. fUj; j upg; i g KbTf; F nfhz; L tu vz; Z k; xt; n thU ngz; Z f; F k; Njh; e ; j itj; j pah; f -

spdhy; ghJfhg;ghd kUj;Jt Kiw> kw;Wk; rpfpr;ir ngWNthUf;F Vw;w Roypy; fhzg;gLk; jhjpkhh; guhkupg;G Nghd;wtw;iw ngw;Wf;nfhs; S k; cupik mth; f Sf; F cs; s J. 1970y; fUf;fiyg;ghdJ Nehahsp> mtuJ itj;jpah;> mtuJ kjFU kw; W k; MNyhrfh; f shy; vLf; f g; g Lk; ftdkhd Nfhl; g hLFl; g l; l Kbthf ,Uj; j y; Ntz; L k; . mjdhy; mij rl; l j; j pdhy; fl; L gLj; j f; $lhJ> Mdhy; mr;rpfpr;irahdJ jFjptha;e;j xU itj;jpauhy; Nkw; n fhs; s g; g l Ntz; L k; vd; w fUj; i j gpufldg; g Lj; j pa If; f pa mnkhpf; f htpYs; s If; f pa gpnu]; g bupad; Myaj; j pdhy; vLf; f g; g l; l jP h khdj; i j ehd; Mjupf; f pNwd; . XU FLk; j ; j pd; cz; i k epiyahdJ jhNa xU gps; i sAld; Xh; Mokhd njhlh; g pid Vw; g Lj; j p guhkupj; J tsu; j ; n jLg; g jpy; KOikahf <LgLfpd; w fhuzj; j pdhy; ,dngUf; f Rfhjhuj; j pd; rfy gFjpfspYk; jdJ Njitfs; kw; W k; tpUg; g q; f is epiyehl;l cupik nfhz;ltuhfTs;shh;. mts; xU gps; i siaNaDk; ngw; n wLf; f tpUk; g htpbd; mJ mtsJ chpik> Mdhy; jpUkzj; j pw; F Kd; d h; fztUf; F mtsJ Kbit mwptpj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. cyfnkq;fpYk; cs;s ngz;fs; midtUk; ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd rfy tpjq; f spYkhd ghugl; r q; f is ,y;yhnjhopj;j xU tho;fifia vjph;ghh;j;J ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. Md; mNgNrf;fu

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16

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2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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17

jpUkhzkhd ngz; f s; kj; j papy; Kiwahd FLk; g jpl; l Kiwf; F k; fUfiyg; g pw; F Kd;duhd kw;Wk; gpd;duhd MNyridf;Fk; NjitAs;sJ vd;gJ njl;lnjspthfpd;wJ. Xh; MZld; kpfTk; neUf; f khf goFk; ngz; z pd; jha; my; y J NtW cwtpdh; Mj; j puKk; mr; r Kq; nfhz; L re; N jfj; j pd; ngaupy; mg;ngz;iz fw;G gupNrhjidf;F nfhz;t tug;gLk; nghOJ MNyrfh; kpfTk; ,f; f l; l hd epiyf; F js; s g; g Lfpwhh; . fyf; f j; J ld; jhAk; > Mj; j pukhf je; e ijAk; > gpbthj;j;Jld; kfSk; fhzg;gLfps;wdh;. Xh; me;epadhf fUjg;gLk; itj;jpa mjpfhupapdhy; fw; G ghpNrhjidf; F cl; g Lj; j g; g Lk; mg; n gz; z pd; rq; f lkhd kdepiy> kw; W k; mtSf;F Vw;gLk; mtkhdj;ijNah gw;wp rw;Wk; ngw;Nwhh; rpe;jpg;gjpy;iy. fw; i g ,oe; j re; j h; g ; g j; j py; ,g; n gz; i d vt;thW jpUkzk; Kbj;J nghLg;gJ vd;gij gw;wpNa tPl;L nghpath;fs; rpe;jpf;fpd;wdNu jtpu ngw; N whUf; F k; gps; i sfSf; F kpilapy; Vw;gl;Ls;s ,ilntsp kw;Wk; ek;gpf;ifapy;yh jd;ikia vg;gb rhpnra;tJ vd;gijg;gw;wp rpe;jpf;f jtWfpd;wdh; vd;gJ Ntjidf;Fupa tplak; . gy re; j h; g ; g q; f spy; Kiwahd MNyhridapd; gpd;dh; mg;ngz; jhdhfNt Kd; te; J vt; t pjkhd ghypaYwTk; mth;fSf;fpilapy; eilg;ngwtpy;iy vd;gij ntspg; g Lj; j p jd; D ila ngw; N whupd; tw;GWj;jy; kw;Wk; ek;gpf;ifapy;yh jd;ikAk; jdJ ek;gpf;if kw;Wk; kd jplj;ij mopjJ tpl; l J vdf; $wpdhs; . jha; f ; F k; kfSf;Fkpilapy; ey;yNjhH; tYthd gpizg;G ,Ue; j pUf; F khapd; ,t; t hwhd Xh; #o; e piy Vw;gl;bUf;f tha;g;Gfs; cz;lh? ,s tajpdUk; jq;fSila khjtplha; js;sp Ngha;As;sjhff; $wp MNyhridf;F vd;dplk; tUtJz; L . XU ,s taJg; ngz; i z ghJfhf; f Ntz; L ngd; w MNyhrfupd; czh;Tfs; rkepiyg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Xt;nthU jdpg;gl;lth;fspd; cupikfSf;F kjpg;gspj;J> vt; t ajpduhapDk; mth; f Sf; F rupahd jfty; f is toq; f Ntz; L k; . Njitaw; w fh; g ; g jupj; j Yf; F Xh; ,sQ; rpWkpahy; Kfq; n fhLf; f KbAkh? ,e; e hl; b y; ,sk; tajpdUf;F ,dngUf;f Rfhjhu fy;tp kw;Wk; fUj; j il jfty; f sis toq; F k; fl; l haj; Njit Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. Nkw; F wpg; g pl; l it ,dg; n gUf; f Rfhjhuk; kw; W k; FLk; g jpl; l Nritfapy; ehd; ngw; w mDgtq;fNs. ,Nj Nritapy; <LgLth;fspd;
18

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2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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19

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20

vYk; G > jir kw; W k; FUjp ehsq; f s; Nrh; j ; j ,d;DnkhU kdpj [PtidNa. mt;thwhdnjhU ngz; jhdhfNt ghypay; njhopYf;F Mshtjpy; i y. vdpDk; g hypay; njhopy; <LgLk; ngz;fspd; gpujhd Nehf;fKk; mgpg;gpuhaKk; gzk; rk; g hjpg; g jhf kl; L Nk mikfpwJ. ghypay; njhopypy; <LgLk; ngz; xUtUf;F ghYwT nfhs; S khW eph; g ; g e; j pf; F k; r%f epiyikfis ehq;fs; gFj;jha;T nra;Jnfhs;s Ntz; b As; s J. xU kdpj gpwtpahf khdpl nfsutj;jpw;F chpik$w Ntz;ba ngz;dhdts; r%fk; ntWj;njhJf;Fk; njhopypy; Vd; <LgLfpwhs; ? xU rpy Ntisfspy; jd; fztuhy; jdf;F mDgtpf;f NehpLk; gytpjkhd Jd;g Jauq;fis nghWj;Jf;nfhs;s Kbahj fhuzj;jhy; fztiu tpl;L gphpe;J nry;tjhYk; ,y; y htpl; l hy; fzth; jd; i d iftpl; L nry; t jhYk; ,e; e piy Vw; g LfpwJ. xUrpy fzth;fshy; mth;fs; jpf;fw;wth;fshf;FtJk; xU fhuzkhf mike;JtpLfpwJ. ,t;thwhd gy fUj;Jf;fis VJthd fhuzpfshff; nfhz;L ngz;fs; ghypay; njhopypy; <LgLfpd;whh;fs;. ghypay; njhopy; GhpAk; ngz; n zhUj; j papd; tho;tpDs; Gije;Jfpilf;Fk; ftiy>Ntjid fz;zPh;> mtJ}W kw;Wk; epe;jid Nghd;wit gw; w p ,t; T yfpy; thOk; Vida khdplh; f s; mwpe;jpUg;ghh;fshdhy; ,g;gpugQ;rj;jpy; vtUk; ve; j NtisapYk; ve; j tpjj; j pYk; ghypay; njhopypy; <LgLk; ngz;fis ntWj;njhJf;Fk; czh;Tld; Nehf;f khl;lhh;fs;. ,t;itaj;jpy; tho;fpd;w rfy kdpjh;fSk; ghypay; njhopy; GhpAk; ngz;nddg;gLgts; ,d;DnkhU ngz; vd;gij kwe;Jtplf; $lhj mNjNeuk;> mt;thwhd ngz;zpd; ftiyfs; Ntjidfis Ghpe; J nfhs; s Ntz; b apUg; gNjhL mth; f is xUNghJk; epe; j pj; j y; ,opTgLj;jy; mtkhdk; nra;jy; $lhJ. xU ngz; ghypay; njhopyhspahf khWjy; r%f tpNuhj nrayhfTk; rl;l tpNuhj nrayhf ,Ue;jhYk; cz;ikapy; mth;fs; epahakhdth;fs; Vndd;why; mth;fs; me;epiyf;F MshdJ epyTk; r%fj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; Kuz;ghLila r%f Kiwikapy; jtiw fhzg; g Lk; xopa mth;fs; jtwhdth;fs; my;yh;. ,f; f l; L iuia njhFg; g jw; F Kd; ehd; ghypay; njhopypy; <LgLk; ngz;fs; njhlh;ghf kpfTk; fbdkhdNjhh; Ma;it Nkw;nfhz;Nld;. mjD}lhf ehd; mth;fisg; gw;wp Mokhf Ma;T nra;Njd;. mth;fis re;jpg;gjw;fhf vdf;F ngUkstpy; rpukg;gl Ntz;bapUe;jJ. mth;fs; mth;fS2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

ila njhopypy; fhl; L k; fhj; j puj; j d; i k kw; W k; KO <LghL nfhz; b Ug; g jhYk; mth; f Sld; fye; J iuah Ltjw; F mth; f splkpUe; J jpfjp Neuk; kw; W k; ,lnkhd; i w xJf; f pf; n fhs; t jw; f hf gy ehl; f s; mth; f is gpd; n jhlh; e ; J nry;y Nehpl;ljhYk; vd;dhy; mth;fs; njhopy; itj;jpUf;Fk; gw;wpid kpfTk; njspthf cWjpg; g Lj; j pf; n fhs; s Kbe; j J. mt;thW ehd; gl;l rpukq;fSf;F gpujpgydhf ehd; mth; f is re; j pj; J mth; f sJ njhopy; gw; w pAk; mth; f s; gw; w pAk; fhzg; g Lk; mth; f Sila tho; f ; i fapd; ajhh; j ; j epiyikfs; njhlh; g hf cz; i k epiyia kpfTk; neUf; f khf mth; f s; mth; f Sila ajhh;j;j tho;f;if gw;wpa cz;ikia mt;thNw vd; Kd;Nd ntspf;nfhzu J}z;baJ. mth;fsJ Neh;ikiaAk; vspikiaak; gpujpgypf;Fk; xU nraw;ghnld;gij ehdwpNtd;.

cz; i kapy; tpgr; r hhp vd mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLtJ ,g; g pugQ; r j; j py; thOk; khDl th; f ; f j; j pdpilNa Vida kdpjh; f isg; N ghy; vYk;G> jir kw;Wk; FUjp ehsq; f s; Nrh;e;j ,d;DnkhU kdpj [PtidNa

,d; n dhU ngz; i zg; g w; w p Ghpe; J nfhs; S k; Mw; w y; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,q; F vdf; F k; gy; N tW tpjj;jpyhd epe;jid mtkjpg;G mtkhdk; Nghd; w Jd; g Jauq; f Sf; F ,yf; f hf Nehpl;lJ.

,wjpahf ghypay; njhopypy; <LgLk; ngz;fs; vd;dplk; njhptpj;j rpy fUj;Jf;fis ,t;thW Fwpg;gpl epidj;Njd;. ‘ehq;fs; ,e;j khjphpahd epiyf;F MshdJ vq;fSila gpioahy; my;y” ‘cz;ikapy; ehq;fs; ,e;j eufj;jpypUe;J tpLgl Mtyha; ,Uf;fpNwhk;” ‘vd;whYk; mij nra;a KbahJ. mg;gb nra;jhy; ehq;fs; tho;tJ vg;gb?” ‘vkf; F cjtp nra; t J ahh; ? vk; i k vw;Wf;nfhs;tJ ahh;?” ‘ehq;fs; gpwe;jNghJ nfhz;Lte;jij ahuhy; khw;w KbAk;” ‘,J vq;fs; jiytjp vd;why; ehk; vd;d nra;tJ?” mJ mth; f sJ cz; i kf; fijapd; vjpnuhyp. vk; gphpajh;\dp mkurpq;`
21

cz; i kapy; ehd; xU re; j h; g ; g j; j py; mth;fspd; fUj;Jf;fspd; Kd;; epiyjLkhwpNdd;. $Uzh;rp nfhz;Nld; mth;fisg;gw;wp vd;dpy; ftiyAk; NtjidAk; cUthdJ. ehd; ghypay; njhopy; GhpAk; xU ngz;zhf ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; $l ehDk; xU kdpj gpwtp vd; g jhYk; tpNrlkhf xU ngz; vd; g jhYk; mt; t hW Vw; g l; l J. vndd; w hy; xU ngz; z plk;

2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

tprhifg;ngz;zy;y ehd;
ehd; rpW tajpy; kuk; VWifapy; tpruhd nghl;il........... ,ij ghl;b nrhd;dhh;. irf;fps; XLk; igad;fSld; rhp rkkhf irf;fps; Xl ehd; myhjp gphpak; nfhz;bUe;Njd; ngz;zhf gpwe;Jtpl;lhy; ehzk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; ,ij vd; mk;kh nrhd;dhh;. tha;jpwe;J rphpf;f ntl;fk; ,y;iyah gy;ypspf;f kl;Lk; njhpAk; klk; ehzk; ,y;yhky; tsh;e;jhy; ngw;nwLj;j jha;f;Fj;jhd; mtkhdk; iffhiy tPrp vwpe;J elf;Fk; cdf;F MndhUtd; fpilg;ghNdh ngz;zhf ele;JNgh ngz;zhf mikjpahf ele;JNgh ,ij vd; mj;ij nrhd;dhh; ,itf;F kj;jpapy; ehzk; klk; mw;w mfe;ij nfhz;l fhw;rl;ilNghl;l Atjp ehd; ,it vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; kj;jpapy; ,Ugj;Njhuhk; E}w;whz;by; khDl r%fj;jpd; kfj;Jtj;ij tpQ;rpa ehzk; gaph;g;G ,y;yhj ngz; gpuhzp ehd;
]hkpyh jStj;j

22

2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Rdhkpahy;

,lk;ngah;e;jpUe;jhYk; ngz;fs; vd;w tifapy; $l;lhf gyj;ij cUthf;fpf; nfhz;Ls;s fphpe;j gpuNjrj;ijr; Nrh;e;j ngz;fs;FO.

Rdhkp Vw;gl;L Xuhz;bd; gpdd ; h; ngz;fspd; epiy
vkJ ehl;il khj;jpukpd;wp xl;Lnkhj;j cyf thrpfisAk; mjph;r;rpapy; Mo;j;jpa Rdhkp Vw;gl;L Xuhz;L g+h;j;jpahtjw;F xUrpy ehl;fNs vQ;rpAs;sd. ,t;tdh;j;jj;jpdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngUk;ghyhNdhh; ,d;dKk; jPh;khdkw;w epiyapy; tho;e;J tUfpd;wdh;. Rdhkp mdh;j;jj;jpdhy; ,oe;j cwtpdh;fis xUNghJk; kPsg;ngwhj mNjrkak; gyUf;F mth;fs; ,oe;j tPLthry;fs; kPz;Lk; fpilg;gjhfj; njhpatpy;iy. ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;fspy; ngUk; vz;zpf;ifahNdhh; ,d;dKk; jw;fhypf FbapUg;Gf;fspy; my;yJ Kfhk;fspy; tho;fpd;wdh;.

dpjdhy; cUthf; f g; g l; l Aj; j k; > mopTfs; kw; W k; Rdhkp> epyeLf; f k; > nts; s k; Nghd; w ve; j nthU ,aw; i faopT cyfj; j pd; ve; j ghfj; j py; epfoe; j hYk; mtw;wpD}lhf $Ljyhd ghjpg;Gf;Fk; Jd;gj;jpw;Fk; ,yf;fhtJ ngz;fSk; gps;isfSNk. tpNrlkhf ,aw;ifapd; ,e;j Nfhuj;jhz;ltq;fspd; NghJ jhq;fs; ngz;fshf ,Ug;gjd;

k

fhuzkhf vjph; N ehf; f Ntz; b Naw; g Lk; ghJfhg; g w; w jd; i kfs; kw; W k; Mz; - ngz; ,ay; g pd; mbg; g ilapyike; j ghugl; r ftdpg;GfSf;F ,yf;fhFk; #o;epiy Vw;gLfpwJ. Rdhkp mdh; j ; j j; j pDs; S k; vkJ ngz;fSf;F ,t;thwhd gy mDgtq;fSf;F Kfk;nfhLf;f Nehpl;lij ehkwpNthk;. mtru

2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Rkpf;fh ngNuuh

23

jw; f hypf Kfhk; f spy; trpf; F k; N ghJ kw; W k; jw; f hypf tP L fspy; fopf; F k; tho; f ; i fapYk; mth;fs; ,e;epiyikfis vjph;nfhs;fpd;wdh;. ,yq;ifapd; tuyhw;wpy; kpfTk; ftiyf;fplkhf ,aw;if mopthd Rdhkp mdh;j;jj;jpy; vkJ ngz; f Sf; F RtpNrrkhd gpur; r idfSf; F Kfk; n fhLf; f Nehpl; l ijAk; RtpNrrkhd Jd;gq;fs; njhy;iyfSf;F ,yf;;fhf Ntz;bNaw;gl;lijAk; ehkwpNthk;. ,it gw;wp kfsph; mikg;Gf;fs; FOf;fs; kw;Wk; gy;NtW jug;gpdh; fUj; J Kd; i tj; j NghJk; mtw; i w Vw; W f; nfhs; t jpy; jaf; f k; fhl; b ath; f isAk; fhzKbe;jJ. vt;thwhapDk;> xl;Lnkhj;jkhf Rdhkpahy; ghjpf; f g; g l; l ngz; f s; vjph; N ehf; F k; gpur;ridfs; gw;wp vkJ Clfq;fspy; gutyhf Ngrg;gl;lJ. Rdhkpahy; moptile;j FbapUg;Gf; f is kP z ; L k; fl; b naOg; G jy; > 100kP w ; w h; vy; i y> kP d tf; ifj; n jhopiy kP s f; f l; b naOg;Gjy; Nghd;wit mtru kw;Wk; gpujhd tplaq;fshf ,d;dKk; Ngrg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. vdpDk; Rdhkpahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;fspd; gpur;ridfs; my;yJ mth;fspd; mj;jpahtrpaj; Njitfs; gw; w p Ngrg; g l; L my; y J mit njhlh; g py; jP h ; T fs; Kd; i tf; f g; g Ltij mtjhdpf;ff;$bajhf ,y;iy. Rdhkp epthuz Nrit $l; l zpf; F (Coliqtion for Assisting Tsunami Affected Women CATAW) Rdhkpf; F gypahd gFjpfspy; ngz;fis re;jpg;gjw;Fk; mth;fsJ gpur;ridfspy; jiyaPL nra;tjw;Fk; tha;g;G fpilj;jJ. ,q; F ehq; f s; gy; N tW mDgtq; f isg; ngw; W f; n fhz; N lhk; mjhtJ mth; f spy; ngUe;njhifahNdhUf;F ,JtiuapYk; czT> ,Ug; g plk; > fhzp mlq; f yhd mbg; g ilj; NjitfNsDk; epiwNtw; w g; g lhik kw; W k; ghJfhg; g w; w #o; e piy> jkJ rP t Ndhgha khh;f;fj;ij kPz;Lk; fl;bnaOg;g Kbahik> NghJkhd Rfhjhu trjpfs; fpilf;fhik kw;Wk; kfg;Ngw;Wr; Rfhjhuk; njhlh;gpy; fhzg;gLk; gpur; r idfSf; F Kfk; n fhLf; f Nehply; > gps; i sfspd; fy; t papy; tP o ; r ; r p tP l ; L td;KiwfSf;F ,yf;fhjy; Nghd;w gy;NtW gpur; r idfis vjph; N ehf; f pf; nfhz; b Uf; fpd;whh;fs; vd;gjhFk;. tpNrlkhf ngz;fs; gpujhd FbapUg;ghsh;fshf ,Uf;Fk; FLk;gq; f spy; mth; f s; vjph; N ehf; F k; gpur; r idfs; ,tw; i wtpl RtpNrrkhdit kP s ; F bakUk; NghJ ,th; f Sf; F NghJkhd ghJfhg; G > mth;fSila gps;isfSf;F NghJkhd fy;tp trjpfis ngw;Wf;nfhs;s Kbjy; Nghd;w gy tplaq; f s; Fwpj; J ftdk; nrYj; j Ntz; b As; s J. tpNrlkhf ,g; n gz; f Sf; F jq;fs; nghUshjhu rPtNdhghaj;ij nfhz;L
24

nry; y > mjw; f hf mth; f Sf; F j; Njitahd tsq; f is ,ila+Wfspd; w p neUq; F tjw; F KbAk; tifapy; mth; f is kP s f; F bakh; j ; j Ntz;bAs;sJ. fhyp khtl;lj;jpy; ehq;fs; re;jpj;j Jk;Gf; ifj;njhopypy; <Lgl;l> Rdhkpahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l xU rpy ngz;fs; Gjpjhf mth;fSf;F fpilf; f tpUf; F k; FbapUg; G f; f is mz; b a gFjpfspy; Jk;Gf; ifj;njhopy; <LgLtjw;Fj; Njitahd trjp tha; g ; G f; f s; ,y; i ynad njhptpj;jhh;fs;. ,it Rdhkpahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;lth;fis kPz;Lk; fl;bnaOg;Gk; NghJ murpd; nraw;ghl;bDs; Mz;-ngz; r%f ,ay;Gf;F $Wzh; r ; r pAila jpl; l q; f s; tFf; f f; g lhikapd; gyhgyd;fshFk;. xUrpy gpuNjrq;fspy; Rdhkpahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l FLk;gq;fspy; ,d;dKk; tPLthry;fis (100 kP w ; w h; vy; i yf; F s; trpj; j th; f Sf; f y; y ) kP z ; L k; fl; b naOg; G tjw; F mukrpdhy; tiuaWf;fg;gl;l ,og;gPl;Lj; njhif fpilj;jpUe; j hYk; mj; n jhif FLk; g j; j pd; gpujhd FbapUg;ghsUf;F toq;fg;gl;lik fhuzkhf mit Fwpj; j gzpfSf; f hf 100 rj tP j k; nrytplg;gl;ljhfj; njhpatpy;iy. xUrpy FLk;gq;fSf;F ,t;thW fpilj;j gzj; j py; ngUk; gFjpia jkJ jdpg; g l; l tplaq;fSf;fhf nryTnra;j gpujhd FbapUg;ghsh;fs; gw;wpa jfty;fs; vkf;F fpilj;Js;sd. mJkhj;jpukpd;wp> jkJ FLk;gj;jpw;F fpilj;j gy khjphpahd Rdhkp epthuzq; f s; rpy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; Foe;ijfSf;F fpilj;j ghy;kh igf; f w; S f; f isf; $ l tpw; W kJtUe; j nrytpl; l je; i jfs; gw; w pAk; vkf; F Nfl; f Kbe;jJ. njw;fpy; ngz;fs; vjph;Nehf;Fk; epiyikfspYk; ghh;f;f tlf;F fpof;F khfhzq;fspy; tho; e ; J tUk; ngz; f s; Kw; w pYk; khWgl; l epiyikia vjph; N ehf; f Ntz; b -As; s J. mk; k hfhzq; f Sf; F ehq; f s; Nkw; n fhz; l tp[aq; f spd; N ghJ ehq; f s; re; j pj; j vkJ epfo; r ; r pfspy; gq; F gw; w pa ngz; f spd; epiyikfis Muha;e;Jghh;f;Fk;NghJ ,jid tpsq;fpf;nfhs;s Kbe;jJ. FbeP h ; gpur; r idAk; mlq; f yhf jz; z P h ; trjpfs; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy;> Rfhjhu trjpfisg; ngw; W f; n fhs; s y; Nghd; w gpur; r idfSf; F Nkyjpfkhf NghijAld; fhzg;gLk; Mz;fs;> tpl; L td; K iwfSf; F k; kw; W k; Aj; j j; j pd; nfh^ukhd mDgtq; f Sf; F k; Kfk; n fhLf; f NehpLjy; ve;jsTf;F Jujp\;lkhdJ?
2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

,g; n gz; f spy; mjpfkhNdhh; ,d; d Kk; tha; g ; g py; i y. ,e; j nghJ tho; f ; i fapDs; Kfhk; f spNyNa tho; e ; J tUfpd; w dh; . jkJ mth; f Sf; F elkhLk; Rje; j puk; NkYk; FLk; g j; j pd; eltbf; i ffSf; n fd rpwpa tiuaWf; f g; g l; L s; s J. FbeP h ; gpur; r idAk; epyg; g ug; n ghd; W mth; f Sf; F fpilj; J s; s mlq;fyhd jz;zPh; trjpfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy;> NghJk; > g+uzkhd jdpj; J tk; mth; f Sf; F Rfhjhu trjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Nghd;w ,y; i y. njhlh; t hpirahf jfLfs; gyif gpur; r idfSf; F Nkyjpfkhf NghijAld; my;yJ Jzpiaf;nfhz;L jahhpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhzg;gLk; Mz;fs;> tPl;L td;KiwfSf;Fk; ,e; j thpirahd tP L fs; kionga; j hy; Aj; j j; j pd; nfh^ukhd mDgtq; f Sf; F k; Nrw; W j; j iuahf khwptpLk; mNjNeuk; fLk; Kfk; n fhLf; f NehpLjy; ve; j sTf; F ntg;gk; epyTk;NghJ neUg;G Jujp\;lkhdJ? jdy; Nghd; W #NlWk; . Rdhkpahy; jq;fs; gy; N tW mur rhh; g w; w kP z ; L k; fhzpfs; gps;isfis ,oe;j mikg; G f; f spd; jiyaP l ; ngw; W f; n fhs; S k; nraw; g hbdhy; cUthf; f g; g l; L s; s l; b Yk; tlf; F fpof; F ngw;NwhUf;F kpf tpiutpy; jw; f hypf FbapUg; G f; f spy; khfhzq; f spy; thOk; ,e; j ,d;dnkhU gps;isia thrpj; J tUk; kf; f kspd; ngz; f Sf; F xUtpjj; j pyhd ngw;nwLg;gjd; Njit epiyikfspy; ,ijtpl ghhpa meP j pf; F Kfk; nfhLf; f fhzg;gl;lhYk; mjw;F Vw;w Ntz;b Naw;gl;Ls;sJ. khw; w k; ,y; i y. $l; l hd nghJ Kfhk; f shapDk; #oy; my;yJ kdepiy ehnshd; W f; f hf mikj; j kPz;Lk; fhzpfs; ngw;Wmth;fsplk; ,y;iy. jw;fhypf thpir FbapUg;Gf;ff;nfhLf;Fk;NghJ> ,g;ngz;mj;NjhL ngz;fs; Foe;ij shapDk; mth; f s; kpfTk; fSf; F mth; f Sila fpilj;j gpd;dh; kPzL ; k; Jd; g khd tho; f ; i f tho; f pguk; g iuapypUe; J ,y; y hwhh; f s; . ,k; K fhk; f spy; tpl; l hy; rP j dkhd jdJ Foe;ijfs; cUthf;f trpf; F k; ,]; y hkpa Kbahj rj;jpurpfpr;irfSf;F jhaplkpUe;J jdf;F chpj;jhd ngz; f Sf; F mth; f Sila fhzp chpik ,of; f g; g Lk; cl;gl;Ls;sjhy; mth;fSf;F rka tho; T f; F ,irthf mghaj; i j mth; f s; vjph; xUehSk; gps;isngw;nwLf;f Nehf;fpAs;sdh;. jd; jhaplkpRje; j pukhf ,Uf; f

KbahJ. ,jdhy; ,th;fSf;F kpfTk; NtjidAld; thOk; Jh;gg ; hf;fpa epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.

Rdhkpf;F ,yf;fhfp midj;ijAk; ,oe;jhYk; ,g;ngz;fspd; Njit kPz;Lk; tho;f;ifia fl;bnaOg;GtNj xopa rjhfhtKk; jq;fp tho;gtHfshf khWtJ my;y. Rdhkp epthud Nrit ngz;fs; $l;ldpapdhy; [PtNdhghaj;ij kPd;Lk; fl;bnaOg;Gtjw;F fuk;nfhLj;jpUe;j ,tHfis ehq;fs; fhypapy; re;jpj;Njhk;.
2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy; 25

Rkpf;fh ngNuuh

Aj;jk; kw;Wk; Rdhkp fhuzkhf tpjitfshf;fg;gl;l ,g;ngz;fs; jkJ tho;it kPz;Lk; fl;bnaOg;Gk; ghuJ}ukhd rthiy vjph;nfhs;tjw;fhf xd;W$bAs;sdh;. K];ypk; ngz;fs; Ma;T> fy;tp epiyaj;jhy; xOq;fikf;fg;gl;l ,g;ngz;fis ehq;fs; rha;e;jkUjpy; re;jpj;Njhk;

Ue;J jdf;F chpj;jhd fhzpj;Jz;L Rdhkpahy; mbj; J r; nry; y g; g l; l NghJk; > mJ 100-200 kP w ; w Uf; F ,ilg; g l; l jilr; nra; a g; g l; l tiyaj; j pw; F hpajhapDk; ,jw; F khw; w P l hf Gjpjhf ngwg; N ghFk; fhzpapd; chpik ,g; n gz; f Sf; F fpilf; f hjpUf; F k; fhuzk; jw;NghJ fhzpfs; gfph;e;jspf;Fk;NghJ mjid gpujhd FbapUg;ghsUf;F ngw;Wf;nfhLj;jy; njhlh; g hf epyTk; murnfhs; i fahFk; . fhzpfs; gfph;e;jspg;gJ njhlh;gpy; jw;NghJ epyTk; nfhs;ifapy; khw;wj;ij nfhz;LtuhJ ,g; n gz; f Sf; F Rdhkpf; F Kd; > jq; f Sf; F fpilj; j pUe; j fhzp chpikia kP z ; L k; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbahJ ,jdhy; guk;giuahf ngz; f Sf; F fpilj; j pUe; j fhzp chpikia mth;fs; ,og;ghh;fs;. mk; k hiw khtl; l j; j py; ehq; f s; re; j pj; j xUrpy ngz; f s; mth; f sJ gps; i sfs; FLk;gj;Jld; fjpaw;wth;fshf ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. fhuzk; xUrpy Mz; L fSf; F rl; l hP j pahd kidtpf;F Nkyjpfkhf NkYk; 2-3 kidtpkhh; ,Ug; g jhFk; . ,e; j Mz; Rdhkpahy; ,we; j gpd;dh; mtuJ kuzk; njhlh;ghf fpilf;Fk; midj;Jk; rl;lhPjpahd kidtpf;F khj;jpuNk fpilj; J s; s J. mtuhy; guhkhpf; f g; g l; L te; j Vida FLk; g q; f spYs; s ngz; f Sf; F k;

gps; i sfSf; F k; xd; W Nk fpilf; f tpy; i y. ,t; t hW eph; f ; f jpahf; f g; g l; l gy ngz; f is ehq;fs; re;jpj;Njhk;. Rdhkpahy; ,lk;ngah;e;j FLk;gnkhd;iwr; Nrh;ej ; MndhUth; kUtUe;j jdJ kidtpaplk; gzk; Nfl; L mth; gzk; nfhLf; f hjjhy; kidtpapd; fhij fbj;Jj; jpd;Ws;sjhf mur cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; vkf;F $wpdhh;. ,t;thwhd td;Kiwr; rk;gtq;fs; NkYk; gy ,Uf;fpd;wJ. Rdhkp my; y J Aj; j k; fhuzkhf tpjitfshd gy ngz; f Sf; F jq; f s; gps; i sfis ghlrhiyf; F mDg; g Kbahj #o;epiy cUthfpAs;sJ. mNjNghd;W jkJ FLk; g j; j pd; eyid fUj; j py; n fhz; L gps; i sfis cwtpdh; f splk; tpl; L tpl; L Ntiytha;g;igj; Njb fly; fle;J nry;tjw;F ,g;ngz;fs; J}z;lg;gl;Ls;sdh;. jha; je;ij ,UtiuAk; ,oe;Js;s ngz; gps;isfSf;F mth;fSila cwtpdh;fspd; MNyhridg;gb rpWth; guhaj; j py; taJ$ba Mz; f Sld; jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;Sk; epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. xUrpy ,lq;fspy; ngw;Nwhh; capUld; ,Uf;Fk; FLk; g q; f spy; $l Fiwe; j taJila ,sk; n gz; gps; i sfis $ba taJila Mz;fSf;F jpUkzk; nra;J nfhLf;f ngw;Nwhh;

26

2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

Rkpf;fh ngNuuh

ngUk;ghYk; tpjitg; ngz;fs; murpdhy; fpilg;gtw;iw ngw;Wf; nfhs;sr; nry;Yk; NghJ$l cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; gy;NtW ,k;irfSf;F Kfk;nfhLf;f Ntz;b Naw;gl;Ls;sJ. ,t;thwhd xU ngz; jd;Dila Foe;ijf;F ghy; igf;fw;W xd;iw Ntz;bepd;wNghJ fpuhk kl;lj;jpyhd Xh; mur cj;jpNahfj;jh; mg;ngz;zplk; mtUila Nahridf;F cld;gl;lhy; ghy; igf;fw;W xd;Wf;F gj;J juyhnkd $wpajhf vk;kplk; njhptpj;jhh;. ,d;DNkhh; ,lj;jpy;> Neha;tha;gg ; l;l jdJ Foe;ijia itj;jparhiyf;F vLj;Jr;nrd;w jhahUf;F Mz; jhjp xUth; Foe;ijia ed;whf ftdpf;f Ntz;Lkhdhy; mtuJ NahridAld; ,zq;FkhW Nfl;Ls;shh;. ,t;thwhd ngz;fSf;F mDgtpf;f NehpLk; Jd;gq;fspd; mstpy; Fiwtpy;iy.

J}z; l g; g l; L s; s dh; . rP j dk; Njl jq; f shy; Kbahik kw; W k; Kfhk; tho; f ; i fapDs; ,t; t psk; ngz; g ps; i sfSf; F njhlh; e ; J k; ghJfhg;G toq;f jq;fshy; Kbahj fhuzj;jhy; mth;fis ,t;thW jpUkzk; nra;J nfhLf;f KbntLg;gjhf mth;fs; njhptpf;fpwhh;fs;. ngz; f Sf; F kfg; N gw; W r; Rfhjhuk; njhlh;gpy; Nghjpa njsptpd;ik kw;Wk; mjw;Fj; Njitahd topfhl; l y; f s; > kjpAiufs; fpilf; f hikapdhy; Njitaw; w fUj; j hpg; Gf;fSf;F mth;fs; Kfk;nfhLf;fpd;wdh; ,jdhy; Kiwaw;w tpjj;jpy; Vw;gLk; fUf;fiyg;Gf;fspd; vz; z pf; i f mjpfhpj; J s; s ij mwpa Kbe; J s;sJ. ngUk;ghYk; tpjitg; ngz;fs; murpdhy; fpilg; g tw; i w ngw; W f; nfhs; s r; nry; Y k; NghJ$l cj; j pNahfj; j h; f spd; gy; N tW ,k;irfSf;F Kfk;nfhLf;f Ntz;b Naw;gl;Ls; s J. ,t; t hwhd xU ngz; jd; D ila Foe; i jf; F ghy; igf; f w; W xd; i w Ntz;bepd;wNghJ fpuhk kl;lj;jpyhd Xh; mur cj; j pNahfj; j h; mg; n gz; z plk; mtUila Nahridf; F cld; g l; l hy; ghy; igf; f w; W xd;Wf;F gj;J juyhnkd $wpajhf vk;kplk; njhptpj; j hh; . ,d; D Nkhh; ,lj; j py; > Neha;tha;g;gl;l jdJ Foe;ijia itj;jparhiyf; F vLj; J r; n rd; w jhahUf; F Mz; jhjp xUth; Foe; i jia ed; w hf ftdpf; f Ntz; L khdhy; mtuJ NahridAld; ,zq; F khW Nfl; L s; s hh; . ,t; t hwhd ngz;fSf;F mDgtpf;f NehpLk; Jd;gq;fspd; mstpy; Fiwtpy;iy. Kfhk; f is rhh; e ; J thOk; ngz; f Sf; F kf; g Ngw; W r; Rfhjhuk; njhlh; g py; Nghjpa njsptpd; i k kw; W k; mjw; F j; Njitahd topfhl;ly;fs;> kjpAiufs; fpilf;fhikapdhy;

njitaw;w fUj;jhpg;Gf;fSf;F mth;fs; Kfk; nfhLf;fpd;wdh;. ,jdhy; Kiwaw;w tpjj;jpy; Vw; g Lk; fUf; f iyg; G f; f spd; vz; z pf; i f mjpfhpj; J s; s ij mwpa Kbe; J s; s J. mNjNghd;W Rdhkpahy; jq;fs; gps;isfis ,oe;j ngw;NwhUf;F kpf tpiutpy; ,d;dnkhU gps; i sia ngw; n wLg; g jd; Njit fhzg; g l; l hYk; mjw; F Vw; w #oy; my; y J kdepiy mth; f splk; ,y; i y. mj; N jhL ngz; f s; Foe; i j fpilj; j gpd; d h; kP z ; L k; Foe; i jfs; cUthf; f Kbahj rj; j purpfpr; irfSf; F cl; g l; L s; s jhy; mth; f Sf; F xUehSk; gps;isngw;nwLf;f KbahJ. ,jdhy; ,th; f Sf; F kpfTk; NtjidAld; thOk; Jh;g;ghf;fpa epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. Rdhkpf;F Kd;dh; jdJ fzth; capUld; ,Ue;jNghJk; FLk;gj;jpd; Rikia ngz;fNs jhq;fpAs;sdh;. Rdhkpf;F gpd;dUk; ,th;fSf;F Vw; f dNt ,Ue; j thW jd; FLk; g r; Rikia jhq; f Ntz; b As; s J. vy; y h nghWg; G f; f Sk; mtiuNa rhh; e ; J s; s J. cz; i kapy; jq; f p tho;gth;fshf my;yJ mehijfshf caph;tho mth;fs; tpUk;Gtjpy;iy. mjdhy; CATAW %yk; rPtNdhghaj;ij kPz;Lk; fl;bnaOg;Gtjw;fhf ifnfhLj; j gpd; d h; mjid kpfTk; ntw;wpfukhf elj;jpr;nry;y gy ngz;fSf;F Kbe;Js;sJ. Rdhkp Vw;gl;L Xuhz;L g+h;j;jpahfTs;s ,r; r e; j h; g ; g j; j py; murpay; Nkilfspy; vd; n dd; d thf; F Wjpfs; mspj; j pUe; j hYk; > r%fj;jpy; gytpjkhd njhy;iyfSf;F MshFk;; ngz; f Sf; F cldbahf ghJfhg; G lDk; nfsutj;JlDk; caph;tho;tjw;Fj; Njitahd #oiy Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gJ vkJ Ntz;LNfhshFk;.

Rkpf;fh ngNuuh
27

2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

jp

Ukzk; vd; g J rl; l hP j pahd Xh; cld; g bf; i fahfk; .

jpUkzk; vd;gij gyh; gy;NtW tpjkhd tiutpyf; f zq; f spy; mwpKfk; n ra; f pd; w dh; . fzthpdJk; kidtpapdJk; rl; l hP j pahd njhlh;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; eilKiw jpUkzk; vd mwpKfk; nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. aa; g+g; (Voet) vd;w rl;l Qhdp ‘jpUkzk;” Fwpj;J gpd;tUkhW tiutpyf;fzk; nra;fpd;whh;. ‘xU kdpjd; xU ngz;Zld; VidNahUf;F ntspg; g ilahf tho; ehs; KOtJk; xU rq;fkhf tho;jy; jpUkzk;” ,t;thW ahh; vg;gb gFj;jha;T nra;jhYk; jpUkzk; vdg;gLtJ ,U jug;gpdh; Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhs;Sk; rl;lhPjpahd xU cld;gbf;ifahFk;. tpthfk; vdg;gLtJ tpRthrk; > mjp\; l k; > md; G > rpwg; G vd nghUs; g Ltjhf mNefkhdth; f spilNa toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. vt;thW $wpdhYk; md;G> tpRthrk; > xw; W ik> rkhjhdk; vd; g it fhzg; g lhj jpUkznkhd; w py; NkNy Fwpg;gpl;l mjp\;lKs;s jpUkz $l;likg;G fl;bnaOg;gg;gLtjpy;iy. cld;gbf;if rl;lj;jpd;gb tpthf <LghL vdg; g LtJ rl; l hP j papy; mjpfhuKila xU cld; g bf; i fahftpUf; F k; mNjNeuk; mJ MNyhrid Kd;itj;jy; kw;Wk; nghWg;Ngw;wy; Mfpa eilKiwfSf;fika Vw;gLk; vd;gJ njspthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mt; t hwhapd; ,JTk; xU NahridahFk;........ ‘Kg; g j; N jO taJila> mur gzpapYs; s > nfhilahf &gh Ik; g jhapuKk; > &gh Ik; g jhapuk; ngWkjpAila ku jsghlq; f s; kw; W k; Ik; g jhapuk; ngWkjpAila eiffs; itj; j pUf; F k; gbj; j > mofhd kfSf;F ew;FzKs;s rpwe;j khg; g ps; i sia ngw; N whh; NjLfpd; w dh; ” (jptapd gj;jphpifapy; jpUkz Nrit gFjpapypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;lJ) gzk; > kujsghlq; f s; > eiffs; mlq; f yhfTk; mur cj;jpNahfnkhd;Wk; ,Ug;gjhy; khjhe;j rk;gsk;> Cf;Ftpg;G nfhLg;gdTfs; kw; W k; gzpf; n fhil mlq; f yhf tskhd ,e;ehl;by; ngz; vdg;gLk; ,j;jpdj;jpw;Fs;s kjpg;G fpl;lj;jl;l ,uz;L ,yl;rk;.

]Ú\ D Ê>™D ÿ√ı cˆÁ\Ô^

28

2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

xU fpNyhfpwhk; &gh 60 tP j k; fpoq; F %ilnahd; W tpw; g id nra; a g; g Ltjw; F ,Ug; g ijg; N ghd; W fpl; l j; j l; l ,uz; L ,yl; r k; ngWkjpAila ngz; n zhUth; tpw; g idf; F cz; L vd; g J kiwKfkhf njhptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J KO cyfj;jpw;Fkhd xU gfpue;j xg;ge;jkhFk;. ,q;F MNyhridia nghWg;Ngw;f Kd;tUgth; ‘ xg;Gf;nfhs;gtuhf” (Acceptor ) tpsq; F thh; . ,jw; f ika xg; g e; j k; kw;Wk; mjid Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjd; %yk; Vw;gLk; cld;gbf;ifahdJ Fwpj;j nray; Kw;Wg;ngWk;NghJ g+uzkilfpwJ. mjhtJ ,UtUf;fpilapyhd jpUkzk; gjpTnra;ag;gLtjhy; me;j cld;gbf;if mq;fPfhuk; ngWfpwJ.

nryT nra;a KbAnkdTk; rpe;jpj;J tpthfk; nra;Jnfhz;lth;fSf;F Fiwtpy;iy. khtl;l eP j pkd; w py; tpthfuj; J njhlh; g py; jpUkzk; nra; j NghJk; > gpsTgl; l jpUkz $l; l ikg;gpDs; nehe;JNghd kdk;nfhz;l ngz;fSk;> Mz;fSk; ,Ugf;fj;jpy; epw;fpd;wdh; Kiwg;ghl;lhsuhd Mz;kfdpd; rl;lj;juzp vOe;jhh;. ntl; f k; epiwe; j fz; f isAila ngz; > jiyapy; ghhpa rikia Rke; J epw; g JNghy; ePjpkd;wpy; vOe;J epd;whs;” ‘ckJ ngw; w hh; rpSkpd gj; j phpifapy; ntspapl;bUe;j ,e;j jpUkz xg;ge;jj;jpw;fika mjp etPd tPnlhd;iw ,e;j Kiwg;ghl;lhsUf;F toq; F tjhf thf; F Wjpaspj; j pUg; g ij eP h ; mwptPuh?” ngz; ‘Mk;” ‘thf; F Wjpaspj; j thW ,e; j Kiwg;ghl;lh-sUf;F tPl;ilAk; fhzpiaAk; toq; f ckJ ngw; N whh; jtwpAs; s dh; vd;gijAk; ePh; mwptPuh? ePh; ,e;j Kiwg; g hl; l hsiu Vkhw; w p tpthfj;jpw;F J}z;bapUf;fpwPh;...”

,t; t hW xg; g e; j q; f is vw; W f; n fhz; L jpUkz ge;jj;jpy; ,ize;Jnfhs;tjhy; mth;fs; rl;lhPjpahfTk; ngz; Miztpl ed; n ewpfs; hP j pahfTk; rpwpats;> cly; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;F ,yf;fhfpd;wdh;. cld; g bf; i f rl; l j; j pw; F mika Xh; cld; g bf; i f kPwg;gLk; gl;rj;jpy; gpujpthjpahy; jhd; mspj; j thf; F Wjpfs; kP w g; g l; L -s; s jhf Kiwg; g hL nra;ag;gLk;. Vndd;why; gpujpthjpapd; Kiwg; g hl; l hsh; Vjhtnjhd; i w nfhLj; j pUg; g hh; . ,t; t hW ,uz; L jug; G f; F Ks; s nfhLf; f y; thq; f ypd; Njitf; F Mq; f py rl; l j; j py; ‘rYif” (Consideration) vd nrhy; y g; gLfpwJ.

typik Fiwe;jts; vdf;$wpa GUN\hj;jk r%fk;> ngz;zplkpUe;J rPjdk; Nfl;gJ jkJ mgpkhdj;jpw;F rthyhfTk; fsq;fkhfTk; mikahjh?

‘tP l ; i lAk; fhzpiaak; mtUila ngaUf;F vOjpf;nfhLf; F khW ve; j NeuKk; vd; i d njhy;iyg;gLj;jpdhh;. gyre;jhg;gq; f spy; jhf; f pAKs; s hh; Iah. mk;khTf;Fk; mg;ghTf;Fk; MAs; eyThpj; J ,y; y hky; vOjpf; n fhLf; f tpUg;gkpy;iy.......” ePjpkd;wj;jpy; ngz;nzhUthpd; Jauf;Fuy; mJ ,q; F jP h ; f f; g gLtJ ,f; f hyj; J ngz; xUthpd; tho; f ; i f rk; g tk; my; y th ‘ngz; z pak; ” Fwpj; J ,t; t hW vOjhjpUf; f KbAkh? ngz; z paj; j pw; F vjpuhd neUf; f b vj;jifaJ? jilfs; vd;why; mJ vt;tsT? %Tyfj; j pYk; ve; j nthU ngz; z hftpUf; fl;Lk;> fw;gopj;jYf;F ,yf;fhdhy; mtUila cly; typik Fiwe;jJ vdf;$Wk; kdpjh;fs; mg; n gz; z pd; gpuk; k r; r hpaj; j pw; F fsq; f k; cz; L gz; z pdhy; ngz; Z f; F s; s tpLjiyjhd; vd;d? jdpahf ghijapy; ele; J nry; Y k; N ghJ> ,uhj;jphpahdNghJ mth;fs; J];gpuNahfj;jpw;F ,yf; f hthh; f shdhy; g+ Nghd; w rpWkpfis
29

gbj; j mofhd kfSf; F rYifahf gpugykhd efnuhd; w py; kpd; r huk; jz; z P h ; trjpfSldhd tPnlhd;Wk; ehd;F Vf;fh; taYk; Njhl;lKk; tPl;Lj;jsghlq;fSk; eifAk; mjp etPd Nkhl;lhh; thfdnkhd;Wk; fpilf;Fk;. ,e;j rpwg;G rYif Fwpj;J rpe;jpj;Jg;ghh;f;f xg;Gf;nfhs;gth;fs; Kaw;rp nra;a khl;lhh;fsh? mjp etPd Nkhl;lhh; thfdj;jpy; nrhFR gazk; Nkw;nfhz;l tz;zk;> ePh; kpd;rhu trjp nfhz;l tP l ; b y; nrhFR fhw; w hbfspypUe; J tUk; Fsph;fhw;Wf;F eLtpy; njhiyf;fhl;rpia (hptp) Nehf; f pagb nfhilahf toq; F k; nrhFR rha; k idapy; ,Ue; J nfhz; L Njq; f ha; rk; g Yld; md; d Kz; l hYk; mJ kfpo; r ; r p my;yth vd tpUk;Gk; rpe;idf;F Xh; cld;ghL fpilf;Fk;. ,t; t sT rpwg; G cz; l h vd epidj; J nfhilahf fpilj; j gzj; i j tpUk; g pasT
2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

flj;jpr;nrd;W fhk muf;fh;fs; midahj jq;fs; fhkj;jPia midj;Jf;nfhs;fpd;wdh;. ‘ngz; Miztpl rpwpats;> cly; typik Fiwe; j ts; vdf; $ wpa GUN\hj; j k r%fk; > ngz; z plkpUe; J rP j dk; Nfl; g J jkJ mgpkhdj; j pw; F rthyhfTk; fsq; f khfTk; mikahjh? Gfo; n gw; w vOj; j hsh; ‘kf; f P k ; Nfhh;f;fp” xU Kiw ,t;thW njhptpj;jhh;. ‘flTs; ngz;Zf;F Miztpl gj;Jklq;F rf;jpia toq;f Vd; Kaw;rp nra;atpy;iy” gps; i sfs; ngw; n wLg; g Jk; mth; f is tsh; g ; g Jk; ngz; . midj; J tP l ; L NtiyfisAk; ftdpg; g J kl; L ky; y hJ Jd; g Jauq; f is mDgtpg; g tSk; ngz; . ghijapy; jdpahf nry; Y k; NghJ fhk muf; f Df; F gypahtJk; ngz; . rP j dk; nfhLg; g jw; F jq;fg;nghjpfs; ,y;yhky; ,sikia jtwtpl;L eph;f;fjpahdtSk; ngz;. r%jhaj;jpy; mtkhdg; gLj;jg;gLgtSk; ngz;. ‘ kuj; j py; nfhb glh; t JNghy; Xh; MzplkpUe; J me; j g; n gz; vjph; g hh; g ; g J ghJfhg;Ng xopa NtW vJthf ,Uf;Fk;?

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2005 • %d;whk; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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2005 • %d;whk;; fhyhz;L • nrhy;

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''ePqf ; ,d;Dk; fypahzk; fl;lapy;iyah?"" ''nghy;Y}z;bf;nfhz;lh gps;isfs gs;spf;$lk; nfhz;L Nghg;Nghhpq;f?"" taJ fle;J nry;Yk; mNjrkaj;jpy; ,t;thwhd jhf;fq;fs; kpifahf fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,t;thW ghjpg;Gf;F ,yf;fhFk; ngz;fspd; tho;fi ; fg; gpur;ridf;F my;yJ r%fg;gpur;ridf;F Kfk;nfhLg;gjw;fhf ngz;zhdts; jdJ vjph;ghh;gG ; f;fis khw;wpaikj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lkh? ,y;yhtpl;lhy; r%fk; khw;wk; ngw Ntz;Lkh vd;w Nfs;tpia ahhplk; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;.

gy;fiyf;fof mDkjp ngw;wth;fs; ngah;g;gl;baypy; mjpfkhNdhh; khztpfshf ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. mJ njhlf;fkhFk;. fy;tp eltbf;iffis Kbj;Jf;nfhz;l mth;fs; gpw;fhyj;ij mwpit tpUj;jp nra;Jnfhs;tjw;fhf Nkyjpf fw;ifnewpfSf;F xJf;Fth;. ,t;tidj;J jifikfSf;F njhopnyhd;iw NjLjy; fhyj;Jld; elj;Jk; mLj;j Nghuhl;lkhf ,Uf;Fk;. kUj;Jt tpQ;Qhdj;jpd;gb ngz;nzhUtUf;F MNyhf;fp-akhd Foe;ijnahd;iw ngw;nwLg;gjw;fhd tanjy;iy 20 - 30. vdpDk; ,g;Nghl;bia epiwTnra;a ngz;fSf;F ,ijtpl ePz;lfhyj;ij nrytpl NehpLk;. jpUkzk; fhyk; jho;j;jg;gLtjpy; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;Jk; fhuzpfspilNa
31

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r%f Kiwikf;Nfw;gtaJfle;j epiyapy; jpUkzkhfhjpUf;Fk; Atjpfspd; ghYs;s r%fj;jpd; Xuf;fz;ghh;it ,t;thwhd gpur;ridfSf;F kj;jpapy; fhzg;gLk; mLj;j tplakhfTs;sJ. ‘ePq;f ,d;Dk; fypahzk; fl;lapy;iyah?” ‘nghy;Y}z;bf;nfhz;lh gps;isfs gs;spf;$lk; nfhz;L Nghg;Nghhpq;f?” taJ fle;J nry;Yk; mNjrkaj;jpy; ,t;thwhd jhf;fq;fs; kpifahf fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,t;thW ghjpg;Gf;F ,yf;fhFk; ngz;fspd; tho;f;ifg; gpur;ridf;F my;yJ r%fg;gpur;ridf;F Kfk;nfhLg;gjw;fhf ngz;zhdts; jdJ vjph;ghh;g;Gf;fis khw;wpaikj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lkh? ,y;yhtpl;lhy; r%fk; khw;wk; ngw Ntz;Lkh vd;w Nfs;tpia ahhplk; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;. vr;. <. V. v];. vjphp#hpa

md;ghh;e;j thrfh;fNs>

ngz;zpaj;jpd; kfj;Jtj;ijg; gpujpgypf;Fk; cq;fs; Mf;fG+h;tkhd Mf;fq;fis vkf;F mDg;gpitAq;fs;.
SOL Magazine, Women and Media Collective 174, Alwis Avenue, Off Castle Street, Colombo 8, Sri Lanka. Tel : 00-94-112690201 Fax : 00-94-112690192 E-mail : womedia@sltnet.lk options@sltnet.lk

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