ia;;

%S j
a fha levm;

2008 ² 3 l,dmh

ISSN - 1391-7307

igyk

2

wfma weiska - wnd fjkqjg Ñ;%d - l=udr pdmdnKavdr

3

yuqj - fudaksx ,Sv¾ mqj;a mf;a m%Odk l¾;D fidkd,s iurisxy - iqñld fmf¾rd

7

f,daflg f,dlals - tâkd u,aldka;s

11

u,ajr ux.,Hh o@ wdrorh o@ - ,d,a ueÈj;af;f.or

13

wnd iy upx - lreKd fmf¾rd

16

ñksfila yS,E fkdjk udOHfõ§ka imdlhs

18

wfka wksÉpx - risld §mdks

20

zie~ iq<Õ iy ;Km;aZ" zw¨;a ojila weú;aZ lD;Ska úuiqula - fiamd,a wurisxy 21

ixialrKh
iqñld fmf¾rd
iqks,d wfífialr
úfYaI odhl;ajh
lreKd fmf¾rd
m%ldYk ks,OdßkS
fõ,dhqoka chÑ;%d
we;=<; Ñ;%
ouhka;s uq;=l=udrf.a
msgljrh" msgq ieliqu
fõ,dhqoka chÑ;%d

m%ldYkh
ldka;dj yd udOH iduQyslh
174" w,aúia wejksHq" ldi,a ùÈh"
fld<U 8" Y%S ,xld
ÿrl:k ( 0112-5632045
2690201$5635900
*elaia ( 0112-690201
Bfï,a ( womedia@sltnet.lk fyda
options@sltnet.lk

iïudkkSh udOHfõÈksfhda - w;=, ú;dkf.a

23

lú l,amkd

25

flál;dj - wd;auhl ú,dmh - kkaod fmf¾rd

27

.eyeKsh ms<sn| ÿ/,sh hq;= w÷re u; - j;ai,d .uf.a

29

igyk
fuu l,dmh uqøKhg hkafka uq¿ rgu lïmkhg iy
yS;shg m;al< fudfyd;lh' thg m%Odk jYfhkau n,mE fya;=j
jka f ka udOHfõ§ ,ika ; úl% u ;= x . uy;d kka k d÷kk
;=jlal=lrejkaf.a fjämyßka >d;khg ,laùfï isÿùuhs'
,ika; úl%u;=x. uy;d fuu l=ßre >d;khg ,lal< fjä
y~ ke.=fka ls,sfkdÉÑ w,a,d.;a njg rch úiska ±kqï§fuka
miq oi;ska ke.=Kq r;s[a[d y~ ueoafoauh'
tla me;a;lska udOH ksoyi fukau m%cd;ka;%jdoh ;¾ckhg
,laù ;sfí' isri udOH cd,hg .sks ;nd tys .skso¿ uelShkakg;a
fmr ,ika;g fjä jeÿKs' fuu ish¨ isÿùï yryd by<g
u;=jkafka ck;djg f;dr;=re ±k.ekSfï m%cd;ka;%jd§ whs;shg
jeg nef|k wdldrh fukau >d;kh" NSIKh" u¾okh ;=<ska
ck;d y~" ksy~ lsÍug orK" oreKq tfy;a ieÕjqKq iS;,
tAldêm;s;ajfha Nhdkl iajrEmhhs'
ál ld,hlg fmr kef.kysr o" uE; ld,fha § W;=ro
úfYaIfhka jkaksh o uqod.;a nj;a uqod.ksñka isák nj;a
m%ldYs;h' tfy;a ±ka u;=jk m%Yakh kï fld<U uqod.kafka
ljod o hkakhs' wdhqO ikakoaO msßia úiska ksrdhqO ñksiqka uy
ojdf,a mdrf;dfÜ § urd ouka k g ;rï fld<U k.rfha
wdrCIdj wo jkúg jekiS f.disks' fld<U k.rfha isÿjk
;% i a ; jd§ka f .a .s K q u g ouka k g neß >d;k .s k s ; eîï"
meyer.ekSï" wh;a jkafka ldf.a .sKqug o@ wo ,xldjdiS ck;dj
bÈßfhys we;s m%n, m%Yakh thhs' W;=re-kef.kysr m<d;aj,
Ôj;ajk fou< ck;dj we;=¿ ish¨ ck;djkag ;u whs;sjdislï
N=la;s ú¢ñka Ôj;a úh yels m%cd;ka;%jd§ mßirhla ks¾udKh
lr.kafka flfiao@ wjika lsÍug hkafka W;=f¾ fyda kef.kysr
hq o a O h muKla o@ ol= f Ka ;% i a ; ls % h d wjika fldg rfÜ
m% c d;ka ; % j dohg" iduhg" hq l a ; s h g" idOdrKhg .relrk
ck;djg ksoyfia ;u whs;Ska iq/flk iudchl Ôj;a jkakg
yelsjkafka ljod o@ tjeks iudchla f.dvk.d .ekSu i|yd
wm ±ka l< hq ; a f ;a l= u la o @ zwehZ tla m% Y a k hla fkdj
wNsfhda.d;aul m%Yak lsysmhlau fuf,iska Tn bÈßfhys ;nuq'•

2

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

z

wndg miqìï fjkafk
mKavl
q dNhf. l;dj
lsh,d wmsg fmkqkg"
ta Ñ;%df. l;dj lsh,d
wmsg w¨;a m%fõYhla
.kak mq¿jx'
Ñ;%d lshkafk ,dxlSh
YsIg
a dpdrh úiska
f.dÿre lr.;a ia;%shla'
ta ia;%sh hglrf.k
mKavl
q dNh kï jQ
mqreIhd b;sydifha
wrla.kafk"
b;sydi l;dlrejka
mqreIfhl= ùu ksihs'

wfma
weiska

Z

w

nd fjkqjg Ñ;%d ia;%Sjdofha uj f,i
ie,flk isfudka o fndajd (Simone
de Beauvoir) g wkq j ia ; % s h " Ys I a g dpdrfha
ksIamdokhla' ta lshkafk" ia;%S - mqreI ffcj
wdlD;suh fjki wNsnjd jev lrk
foaYmd,khla t;k jev lrkjd lshk tl'
t;fldg weh ms<sn| ;Srlhd jk YsIagdpdrh
mqreIhd úÈyg i,lkak;a mq¿jx'
fï ixjdoh yßu ixlS¾Khs' wmsg mq¿jx"
l%sia;= mQ¾j hq.fha úiQ wms ljqrej;a okake;s
ia;%shlf.ka mgka wrf.k" frdau wêrdcH

fjkqfjka ia;%S;ajh lemlrmq la,sfhdameÜrd
yryd ,xldfj pkaøsld olajd fï ixjdoh
úysÿjkak' ld, mrdih uÈjf.a kx wmsg mQ¾j
Ys,d hq.hg hkak;a mq¿jx'
ta ; a fï yeu;eklÈu is f udka bÈßhg
f.ak ia;%Sjdoh ms<sn| m%jdohg j,x.=Ndjhla
,efnkjd' fï WKq i q ï ixjdohg h<s wm
le|jk iskud ksñ;a;la ;uhs zwndZ' wndg
miqìï fjkafk mKavqldNhf. l;dj lsh,d
wmsg fmkqkg" ta Ñ;%df. l;dj lsh,d wmsg
w¨;a m%fõYhla .kak mq¿jx' Ñ;%d lshkafk
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

3

nrm;,u isoê
a h ;uhs
iajNdjO¾ufhka wehg
,efnk ud;D;ajhg
YsIg
a dpdrh úiska lrk
wudkqIl
s widOdrKh'
wehf.a weia mkdmsgu
orefjd udre fjkj'
fï widOdrKhg wr
wfkla .eyeKsh;a f.dÿre
fjkj' fjk ldf.yß
rdcH;ajhla fjkqfjka ta
ia;k
%S a orefjd mQcd lrkj'

,dxlS h Ys I a g dpdrh úis k a f.dÿre lr.;a
ia;%shla' ta ia;%sh hglrf.k mKavqldNh kï
jQ mqreIhd b;sydifha wrla.kafk" b;sydi
l;dlrejka mqreIfhl= ùu ksihs' ta lshkafk
YsIagdpdrh jf.au b;sydih;a kej; zmqreIZ
fjkj' fï .ek l;dlrkak l,ska wms Ñ;%df.
l;dj wdmsg lshj, n,uq'
l;dj mgka . ka f k ls % i a ; = mQ ¾ j 5 jk
ishjfiaÈ ú;r' fmdf;a yeáhg ta ld,fh
rdcH n,h ;snqfK zhlaLZ f.da;s%lhkag' ta;a
W;=re bkaÈhdfõ isg meñKs isxy jxYslfhd
Tjqka mrdch lr, rdcH n,h w,a, .kakj'
t;eka isg wdl%uKslhka iy iajfoaYslhka
w;r .egqï we;s fjkj' uyd jxYhg wkqj
;ïuekakdfjka f.dvnysk m<uq jeks úcd;sl
rdcjxYslhd úch' Tjqkaf.a wejEfuka n,hg
tkafk Tyqf.au ifydaorfhla jQ iqñ;a;f.
mq ; d m~q j ia f oõ' Tyq rclï lrka f k
wkqrdOmqrhg W;=ßka msysgd ;snQ Wm;siai kqjr'
Tyq újdy fjkafk NølÉpdhkd iu.' Tjqkag
msßñ orejka oyfofkl=;a" Bg nd, .eyeKq
orefjl= ; a ìys f jkj' weh ;uhs Ñ;% d ' ta
fudfydf;a rdclSh ffoj{hska lshd isáfha
Ñ;%dg WmÈk msßñ orejd" wehf.a ifydaorhka
oyfokd" tkï ;u ududjre urd oud rfÜ
rcjk njh' thska NS;shg m;a jQ rdclShka
wehj tlageï f.hl isrfldg ;nkj' weh
u,ajr jkafk;a rdclSh isrldßhl f,ihs'

4

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

l,lg miqj wehf.a ujf.a ifydaorhdf.a
mq;a §>.dñKS" §>jdmsfha isg tys meñfKkj'
ta ú;a;rdc iy ld,fõ, kï jQ hlaL f.da;s%l
i.hka iu. Ñ;%df.a tlageïf.hs wdrCIl
fifkúhd njg m;ajkafk ú;a;rdc ta w;r
§>.dñKS iy Ñ;%d w;r ryis.; fm%auhla
we;sfjhs' tys m%;sM,hla f,i weh .eí.kakj'
ta nj oek.ka k rdclS h ka l= m s ; fjkj'
Ñ;%df. uj fu;kÈ ls%hd;aul fjkj' Ñ;%dg
msßñ orefjla bmÿfKd;a Tyq Wmkaf.hsu
urdodkak weh ;u orejka tlÕ lr.kakj'
Ñ;%df. ore m%iQ;sh fj,dfj" ta jeÿïf.hsu
;j;a ore m%iQ;shla isoaO fjkj' ta wfkla
ldka ; djg ,efnka f k .eyekq orefjla '
t;fldg u Ñ;%dg ,efnk msßñ orejd" ta
.eyekq orejg udre lr, ;u orejka g
fmkajk NølÉpdhkd Ñ;%df.a orejd
rcjdif,ka ryfia msglrkj' ta orej ;uhs
zwndZ fyj;a mKavqldNh' Tyq fodruv,dj
kï jQ f.dm¨ .ïudkfha ye§ jeã" miqj ;u
ududjre >d;kh fldg rc jQ nj b;sydi
l;dlrefjda lshd isá;s'
celaika weka;kS zwndZ Ñ;%mgh
f.d;kafk mKavqldNhf. <ud ld,h .ek'
wr ududjre ur, rcfjk fldgi w,a,,
wnd fojeks fldgila lrkj lsh, celaika
fldfyÈfoda lsh, ;snqK' zwndZ Ñ;%mgfha
f;aud mdGh úÈyg wrf.k ;sfhkafk zuõ

ìfï Wreuh Èkk ;=re hqo jÈñæZ lsh,hs'
celaikaf. Ñ;%mg l;dfj ziajfoaYsl f,a
Od;=jlaZ .ek lshjqKdg wnd iajfoaYslfhla
fkfjhs' tfyukx Tyqf. mshd Ñ;a;rdco@
Th jf.a m%Yak b;sx kslx lïue,slug jf.a
wykak mq¿jx' fÊiq Wm; isoaOfjkak;a l,ska
Ñ;a;rdc ls%ia;shdks jqfKa fldfyduo" tfyu
flrefj Ñ;%mgh hqfrdamfha udlÜ lrkak
´k yskaoo" tfyu lrkak ljqreyß fldka;%d;a
tlla ÿkako" ;ukaf. wd.ñl mqreoao Tyq ta
i|yd fm<fUõjo@ jf.a m%Yak;a ldgyß b;sx
wykak mq¿jx' yenehs tlla meyeÈ,shs' zwndZ
hqo jHdmD;shla' wnd fmkak,d yuqodjg .fï
fld,af,d tl;= lr.kak mq¿jx lsh, ;uhs
cela i ka ckdêm;s j rhg ta ; a ; = . ka j ka k
we;a f ;' ta ks i d ;uhs wndg mQ ¾ K rdcH
wkq.%yhla ,efnkafk' ckdêm;s Wmfoia u;
wnd m%pdrh lrkak wjYH úYd, uqo,la fokak
YS% ,xld fg,sfldï wdh;khg isoaOfjkafk;a
ta ks i hs ' t,a à àBhg úreoa O rdcH yuq o d
fufyhjk tl fjkqfjka zwndZ fmkS bkafk
fudk úoHdjlg wkq j o ls h , ú;rhs
celaikaf.ka wykak fjkafk' wnd
igka f lrefj ;u Wreuh fjkq f jka k x
t,a à àBh igka lrka f k;a ;u Wreuh
fjkqfjka lsh, wmsg ;¾l lrkak mq¿jx'
ta l tfyuhs ' ta ; a fïl fufyuhs ls h ,
;Srlfhla fjkak celaikag ;sfhk foaYmd,k
whs;sh fudloao@ Tyq fï wnd tlal fmkS

bkafk ;uka ljodj;a fkdhk" ;u ¥ orejka
ljodj;a fkdhjk hqoaOhla fjkqfjkaæ
yß" ta l;dj tfyu u ;sfhoaÈ wms oeka
wdfh;a Ñ;%d uqK.efiuq'
Th Ñ;% d Wka u do Ñ;% d fjka f k ÿgq j ka
Wka u dohg m;a l rjk ks i d¨' tfyukx
Wka u do Ñ;% d ks I a m dokh lrka f k ,dxlS h
YsIagdpdrh' weh tlageï f.hlg jefgkafk
ffoj{fhda m< lrk wkdjels ks i d' ta
wkdjels rdcH n,h wdrCId lr.ekS u
fjkqfjka' weh t;fldg wdl%uKsl
foaYmd,kfha f.dÿrla' B<Õg wms ys;uq zhlaLZ
f.da;s%lhkaf. l=uka;%Khla úÈyg Ñ;a;rdcg
odj Ñ;%d .eí.;a;d lsh,' ta lshkafk wndf.
mshd §>.dñKS fkfjhs lsh,' t;fldg weh
iajfoaYslhkaf. foaYmd,k f.dÿrla' tfyu
fkdù §>.dñKS u wndf. ms h d jq f Kd;a "
meyeÈ,sj weh Tyqf.a ,sx.sl f.dÿrla' fmr
iy miq jYfhka wehf.a l;dj lshjk fldg
t;k .dñKS - Ñ;%d fma%uhla fmakak keye'
nrm;,u isoaêh ;uhs iajNdjO¾ufhka
wehg ,efnk ud;D;ajhg YsIagdpdrh úiska
lrk wudkq I s l widOdrKh' wehf.a weia
mkdmsgu orefjd udre fjkj' fï
widOdrKhg wr wfkla .eyeKsh;a f.dÿre
fjkj' fjk ldf.yß rdcH;ajhla fjkqfjka
ta ia;S%ka orefjd mQcd lrkj'

fÊiq Wm; isoO
a fjkak;a
l,ska Ñ;a;rdc lsi
% ;
a h
s dks
jqfKa fldfyduo" tfyu
flrefj Ñ;%mgh hqfrdamfha
udlÜ lrkak ´k ysko
a o"
tfyu lrkak ljqreyß
fldka;d% ;a tlla ÿkako"
;ukaf. wd.ñl mqreoao Tyq
ta i|yd fm<fUõjo@ jf.a
m%Yk
a ;a ldgyß b;sx
wykak mq¿jx'

2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

5

wms n,uq NølÉpdhkd Èyd weh;a
ia ; s % h la ' ujla yeáhg weh ;j;a
uõjre fofofkl=f.u uõjre wysñ
lrkj' tl me;a ; ls k a ;uka f .u
ÈhKsf.' weh orefjd fír.kakj
;uhs' ta;a wr wysñ lsÍu' m%Yakh ld
fjkqfjkao lshk tl'
ynrf. iy .=ïnlnQ;df.
fma%uh;a
tla;rd
úÈyl
n,y;aldrlula' weh leu;s mqreIhd
Tyq fkfjhs' ta;a wehg fjk
úl,a m hla kE' wnd fjkq f jka u
mj;sk weh iy Tyq wjidkfha§ tl;=
fjkj'
fï yeu ;ekl§u isfudkag ia;s%h
uqK.efykj' B<Õg weh;a fmkS isá"
wehf.a .uka iylre jQ fIdka fmd,a
Yd;%f.a idkaoDIaál jdoh yryd;a fï
isÿùï .Kka lr, n,kak wmsg mq¿jx'
talshkafk zjrKfha ksoyiZ ;ukag
leu;s foa lrkak ;sfhk ksoyi"
;uka ljfrl= úh hq ; = o hka k
;SrKh
lsÍug
iajNdúlju
mqoa.,fhl=g ,efnk ksoyi'
t;fldg Ñ;%dg wjYH jqfKa fï
foa j ,a fufyu fjka k o@ keye'
fldfy;au keye' wehf.a meje;au
l=ula úh hq;=o hkak ;SrKh lf<a
ls%ia;= mQ¾j ,dxlSh YsIagdpdrh' tod
rdcH;a j h fjkq f jka " ta ls h ka f k
foaYmd,k n,h fjkqfjka Ñ;%d,d oi
oyia .Kkla f.dÿre njg m;a jqKd'
celaika wndj j¾;udkhg legqj
weú;a wdfh;a fï b,a,d ysákafk ta
álu fkao@ hqoaOh ksid ueßÉp whg
wu;rj ueß ueÍ Ôj;afjk .eyekq
lS odyla bkakjo fï rfÜ' Ñ;%g ;j
fyd|hs" rc mjqf, ksid' fï wfma
Ñ;%,dg yßhg lEula îula" bkak
ysákak ;eklaj;a kE'
b;sx wmsg zwndZ Ñ;%mgh zÑ;%df.
l;djZ yeáhg lshjkak;a mq¿jx'•

l=udr pdmdnKavdr
6

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

mjqldßhg .,a .eiSu
Èú ysñfhkau fmïl< jrog
urK o~qju kshu jQ ud yg m<uq .,amyr
.ikakg werhqï l< i|
ud yg lsisÿ Èfkl
ì÷jl=ÿ wdorh fkdl<
flfkl=ka yg'''
kqU ke.S isákq ÿgqfjñ
iqjyila w;ßka'''
ug m<uq .,amyr .ikakg'''
we;a;uhs mskaisoaO fjhs kqUg'''
bÈßm;a jQjdg'''' fï ÿlska
ud uqokakg'''
tA kuqÿ''' fuf;la l,a ud kqfò ijkg
ññkQ tlu jok'''
wjirhs wjidk jYfhkau
—uq¿ f,djgu lshkakg'''
uf.au f,a ì÷ mqrdjg Èjhk
ixidrh mqrd kqUg ne|S fifkyi
urd oukakg ;rï
kqfò Th .,a myr
Yla;su;a fkdfjkjd muKla fkdj"
ug ±fkkafka j;a'''
ke;s nj
wdhq fnda fõjd''''æ kqUg'''

k§rd frdaIsKS k,a,fmreu

zz

we;a;gu ug zókdÉÑZ
lshk tl wdvïnrhla

ckudOH ms<n
s |j cd;Hka;r
iïudkfhka mjd mqo ,o fidkd,s
iurisxy oekg wfma rfÜ isák
cd;sl mqj;am;a ixialdrljßhka
fofokdf.ka tla wfhls' úfYaIfhka
ks¾Nh foaYmd,k ú.%yhka iy
hqoO
a hg tfrysj Rcq u;jdohla
bÈßm;a lsÍu fjkqfjka wef.a
lemùu meiish hq;u
= h'

'Morning Leader' mqj;a mf;a m%Odk l¾;D udOHfõÈkS

fidkd,s iurisxy

ZZ

zweh iÕrdj uqøKhg hk wjia:dfõ § fidkd,s
iurisxyf.a wdorKSh ieñhd jQ udOHfõ§ ,ika;
úl%u;=x. >d;khg ,laúh' wm zwehZ iÕrdfõ n,j;a
lK.dgqj fidkd,sg iy mjqf,a whg mqo lrk w;ru
,ika;f.a w;ska .s,syqKq mkays| o /f.k bÈßhg
hdug wms fidkd,sg ffO¾hh m%d¾:kd lruq' fï
.ufka § ksrka;rfhkau wm weh iuÕ isák nj o
iksgqyka lruq'

u

g uq,skau wykak ;shk m%Yakh Tfí kfï
ókdÉÑ lsh,d flgila ke;sj ;sìh§ wehs
Tng tfyu ,sms ,efnkafka ljqo fufyu
,shkafka@

ljqo tjkafka lsh,d yßhgu okafka keye'
kuq;a ug fidkd,s ókdÉÑ iurisxy lsh,d
,shqï ,efnkjd' ta uu iq¨ ckj¾.j, m%Yak
u;= lsÍu iy Tjqka fjkqfjka fmkS isák
ksid' iq¿ ckj¾. mss<sn| m%Yakh u;=lsÍu iy
ta fjkqfjka jevlsÍu wm ish¨ fokdf.au
j.lSula lsh,hs ud ys;kafka' wm ish¨ fokdu
jvd;a mq¿,aj ne,sh hq;=hs' wms Ôj;a fjkafka
mq¨,a f,dalhl ksid wms ¥m;a udkisl;ajfhka
tms g g f.dia l,a m kd l< hq ; = h s ' yeu
mq o a . ,fhl= g u ys ; ka k fjkjd wms fï
ish,af,au fldgialrefjda lsh,d' we;a;gu
ug ókdÉÑ lshk tl wdvïnrhla' uu l=vd
l< bo,u w;aoel,d ;shkjd fou< ck;dj
;uka fou< ù bm§u ks i du uq y q K fok
mS v djka ' iudcfha n,h fkdue;s ck;dj
yefudau msvdjg m;afjk nj we;a;' kuq;a
ckjd¾.sl;ajh" l=,h" j¾Kh fyda ia;%S-mqreI
Ndjh jeksfoa mokï lrf.k lrk
fjkia f ldg ie,lS u ms < s n oj úfYa I fhka
ixfõ§ úh hq;=u fjkjd' fï ldrK ms<sn|j
ixfõ§j l;d lsÍu ksidu cd;sjd§ka fï úÈhg
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

7

ckudOHfõÈkshl f,i iïudkfhka msÿï ,enQ fidkd,s'''

ug wmydi lrkak n,kjd kuq;a uu fïl
ms < s . ka f ka wmydihla yeáhg fkdfõ
wdvïnrhla yeáhg nj lshkaku ´fka'
mj;s k ckudOH wdh;kj, ldka ; djka f .a
ksfhdacl;ajh ms<n
s |j Tn olskf
a ka flfiao@
ldka;djka yeáhg udOH fCI;%hg
tkfldg jeäfhka ldka ; dfjd ols k a k g
,efnkjd' wms ys;kjd yrs oeka ldka;djkag
m%Yak keye lsh,d fudlo jeäfhka bkafka"
jeäfhka jev lrka f ka ldka ; djka ' tA ; a
ldka;djka jeäfhka ysáhg' jeäfhka jev
l<dg ;SrK .ekSfï n,h ;shk by, ;ekaj,
ldka ; dfjd keye' m% j D;a ; s lduf¾ m% O dk
m%jD;a;s ixialdrljre yeáhg ldka;dfjd
keye' iuyr úg m% j D;a ; s ixia l drljre
yeáhg iq¿ msßila bkakjd fjkak mq¨jks'
kuq;a thdg by,ska bkafka fiaru msßñ wh'
ixia l rK n,;, ;s h k wh wvq h s ' uu
lsisfia;au ms<s.kafka keye' ,xldfõ udOH
fCIa;%fha ldka;djkaf.a iunr;djhla ;shkjd
ls h ,d' kuq ; a ud ms , s . ka k jd nyq ; rhla
ldka ; dfjd jev lrkjd ls h ,d' yenehs
fndfydaúg thska lsisu n,mEula keye'
ldka;djka uqyK
q fok m%Yk
a " Tjqkfa .a ;;a;j
a hka
fyda whs;sjdislï ms<sn|j fuu ckudOH
u.ska idlÉPdjg Ndckh fjkjdo@
ud ys ; ka f ka keye m% u dKj;a ;rug
,xldfõ udOH ;=<ska fï foa isÿfjkjd lsh,d'
8

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

wfma udOHhka nyq;rhlau ys;kafka
ldka;djka uqyqK fok m%Yak ;ukaf.a udOH
Tia f ia idlÉPd ls Í ug ;rï foa Y md,k
jeo.;alula ke;s m%Yak lsh,dhs' ldka;djka
.ek kï iuyr fj,djg rEm,djkH bjqïmsyqï jeks idïm%odhslj ldka;djkag lsh,d
iudch úiska fjkalr,d §,d ;shk
ud;Dldjka .ek ú;rhs l;d lrka f ka '
iuia;hla yeáhg .;a;u wfma rfÜ
ckudOHhkaf.a jeä keUqrej foaYmd,k fyda
wd¾Ól me;a;ghs' ldka;djkaf.a m%Yak Èyd
n,kúg ldka;djkaf.a m%Yak foi
yeufjf,a u ;u udOH u.s k a wf,ú l<
fkdyels ÿ¾j, m%Yak f,ighss wfma udOHhka
j,ska n,kafka' hï úÈhlg u;= l<;a fndfyda
úg ldka ; dj iy wd¾Óluh me;a ; .ek
ú;rhs' ldka;djka uqyqK fok wfkl=;a iudc
m%Yak tfyu;a ke;akï weh ldka;djlaùu
ksidu uqyqK fok ,sx.sl ysxikh" wmfhdackh
jeks foaj,a .ek f;dr;=re t<shg tkafka
keye' oeka n,kak rfÜ wd¾Ólfha jeä nrla
Wiq,k ixl%uKsl fiajl ldka;djka uqyqK
fok m% Y a k ' fuh iudc m% Y a k hla yeáhg
t<shg tkafka keye' tfyu ú.%y
lr.ekSul=;a wfma ckudOHhka ;=< keye'
kuq ; a wfma ldka ; djka wd¾Ólhg úYd,
odhl;ajhla ,nd fokjd' ldka;djkaf.a m%Yak
iudchSh fyda foaYmd,k ikao¾Nhla ;+< ú.%y
lr .ekSula ,dxlSh iudch ;=< fkdue;sùu
fuhg fya;=jla jkakg mq¨jks'

fï i|yd úi÷ñ f,i Tn olskafka fudkjdo@

oeka n,kak ckjd¾.sl m%Yakh ms<sn|j
idu l% s h dj,s h la ke;s ù u jf.a ldrKd'
we;a;gu ,xldfõ ldka;djka jeä we;a;gu fï foaj,aj,È ;Skaÿ .kakd ;ekaj,
jeäfhka ;Skaÿ ;SrK .kakd uKav, j,g ldka;djka ysáho@ ljqo fï hqoaOh
hjkak ´fka' wms idudkHfhka ne¨fjd;a fufyhjkak lsh,d lSfõ-ldka;djkao@ keye'
wfma úYaj úoHd,j, WmdêOdÍkaf.ka ishhg iuyr jHqyhkaj, wms ysáh;a wms fudkjo
50 lg jeä msßi ldka;d WmdêOdÍka' wmsg lrkafka wms msßñka jf.a ys;kjd' t;fldg
wOHdmkh ;s f hkjd' yels h djka ;s h kjd' wms bj;a fjkjd ldka;djka yeáhg ;shk
kuq;a wjia:djka keye' fuh fjk;a fCIa;% N+ñldfjka' t;fldg wms ys;kafka msßñka
j,g mßj¾;kh fjkafka keye jegqma ,nk jf.a' fï jf.a ;eka j,g tkfldg wms .eyqeKq
jD;a ; S k a g (wage employment) iuyrúg jYfhka ys;kak ´fka' fya;=j wms f;areï
jD;a;Sh uÜgu by, ;,hl ;snqK;a uf.a .kak ´fk wms ys;k úÈfha fjkila ;shk
uÜgfï flfkla foi n,kúg" ud foi nj' ms ß ñ wh ys ; ka f ka fjkia úÈhg"
n,kúg ldka ; djla yeáhg uf.a jegq m ldka ; djka ys ; ka f ka fjkia úÈhg" wms
iuyrúg wvq fjkak mq,qjks uf.a uÜgfï yeisfrkafka fjkia úÈhg' wmsg wNHka;r
wks;a msßñfhl=g jvd' jákdlu ukskfldg Yla;shla ;shkjd' tal wmsg W;am;a;sfhka
ldka ; djla ks i d jákdlu wvq f jka ;ud ,eì,d ;shkjd' uu yeu fj,dfju uf.a
.Kkh lrka f ka ' th jerÈ
iu jhia ñ;=ßhkag lshkafka
u;hla'
iuyrúg

t<shg
neye,d
´fka
ldka;djg msßñhdg jvd
ldka;djlf.ka wykak thdg
yels h djka jf.a u wOHdmk
iïudk ,eîu l;djla ^story) ;sfhhs' thdf.a
uÜgu jeäfhka ;s f hka k
Ôúf;a thd bkak ;ekg
fyd|hs'
mq ¨ jks ' iudcuh jYfhka "
tk;=re f.dvke.=K l;djla
l¾udka;hla jYfhka ys;kafka
thska ffO¾hhg ;shkjd' msßñ whg fndfyda
ldka;djg msßñhdg ;rï jev
fj,djg tfyu keye' msrsñ wh
m;a lrkjd'
lrka k neye ls h ,dhs ' fuh
my;a lr,d l;d lrkjd
ldka;djkag
;sfhk
kuq;a ud jev
fkfjhs' .eyeKsfhl=g ;shk
wNsfhda.hla'
ckudOH
; r Yla ; s h iq ú fYa I hs '
lrkafka iïudk wNHka
fCIa;%fha
wojkúg ;Skaÿ
ÿjla yeáhg ìß|la yeáhg
;SrK .kakd uKav,j,"
n,df.k
ldka;djkag fï Yla;sh
ixialrK ;SrK .kakd
iudcfha ;sfhk iEu N+ñldjla
fkfjhs'
uÜgïj, ldka;djka áflka
;=<§u weh i;=j ;shkjd' b;sx
ál jeäfjñka bka k ks i d
fï Yla ; s h ;u fm!oa . ,s l
udOH wdh;kj, ;;a ; a j h
Ôú;h iïnka O fhka ú;rla
;rula fjkia fjñka ;shkjd' ug ysf;kjd fkdfõ" iudc foaYmd,khg" ixj¾Okhg"
ldka ; djka f .a y`X oeka álla jeäfhka iudkd;au;djh iy iduh f.dv ke.Su jeks
wefykjd ls h ,d' iuyrúg ud ys ; kjd ldrKd i|yd;a fhdod .ekSug wmg mq¨jka
ldka;djka yeáhg wms;a je/oaola lrkjd úh hq;=hs' wm fhdod .; hq;=hs' hqoaOh ms<sn|j
lsh,d' ldka;djka yeáhg wms ;SrK .kak .;a;;a wms mdrg nyskak ´fkuhs' .eyeKqka
bKs u f.a by,g hkfldg ;S k a ÿ .ka k d yeáhg wmg ;sfhk tu iqúfYaI Yla;sh wms
uggfï N+ñldjkag tkfldg ^empowering m%fhdackhg .kak ´fka'
rall) wms fl,skau msßñka jf.a ys;kak mgka
.kakjd' tal jerÈhs' ldka;djka úÈhg ys;k ckudOH fCIa;%fha Tfí w;aoelSu fln÷o @
tl wms u.yer,d" wms ys;kjd wmg wod,
fuh úYd, lemls Í ula lr,d f.dvdla
ldrKh i`oyd n,h ^power position) ;shk
m%
Y
a
k
j,g uqyqK §,d kuq;a bÈßhgu hkak
ksid wms;a msßñka jf.a ys;kak ´fka lsh,d'
;s
h
k
.ukla' udOH fCI;%fha bkak ´ku
tal jerÈhs' ta u.ska wms bÈßm;a lrkjd
ldka;djlf.ka weyqfjd;a Tjqka uqyqK ÿkak
msßñka ys;k úÈh ;ud yß úÈh lsh,d'

zz

ZZ

2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

9

ÿIalr;d .ek lshhs' we;a;gu fï .uk hk
tl yßu ÿIalrhs' uu wfma ldka;djka nh
lrkjd fkdfõ' úYd, ffO¾hhla ;sfhkak
´fka fï .uk hkak kï' iuyr wh ys;kjd
fïl yßu f,ais .ukla lsh,d' kuq;a fï
.uk hktl f,ais keye' t<sfha bkak whg
fmfkkafka tal f,aishs jf.a' f,ais jf.a

fidkd,s ;j;a úfoaYSh udOHfõ§ka iuÕ'''

fmkqkg f,ais keye' ´fka fj,djl wms
jev lrkjd kï msßñkag tal m%Yakhla keye'
ta wh wmg Woõ lrhs' fudlo ta whg ;SrK
.ekSfï n,h ;shk ksid' kuq;a wms bÈßfhka
jev lrkjd kï ta whf.a miq . dñ;a j hg
wNsfhda.hla fjkjd kï" wms ;SrK .kakd
uÜgfï bkakjd kï ta wh wmsg leu;s keye'
uu kS;s{fhlaj bo,d 1999 mqj;am;a l,djg
udOHfõÈfhla yeáhg iïnJOjQ ld,fha
b|,du fï w;aoelSu ug ;shkjd' ia;%S-mqreI
iudcNdùlrKh jQ foa Y md,kh (Gender
Politics) wms yq i a u .ka k jd;h jf.a yeu
;eklu ;shkjd' fï w;aoelSu wms ,n,d
;shkjd' fï ms<sn`oj ksYaÑ; WodyrK fokak
uu wlue;shs wms yefudau tl fCIa;%fha bkak
ksid' kuq;a ug lshkak mq¨jks' idudkHfhka
tjeks ;;a;ajhkag uqyqK §ug ldka;djlg
wudrehs' iuyr wjia:djkAj,g uqyqK §ug
ug wudre jqKd ud kS;s{jßhlaj isáh§ mjd'
kuq;a uf.a yelshdjka ksidu ug wjia:djka
,enqKd' uu wjia:djka ,`.d lrf.k iuyr
foaj,a l<d' m%dfhda.slj Tmamq lr,d fmkajQjd
ldka;djkag j.lSï oeßh yels nj-jev l<

10

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

yels nj' t;fldg .eyeKsfhla ksid wmg
fï foaj,a lrkak neye lshk u;jdo ta whg
;jÿrg;a f.akak wmyiq fjkjd' yenehs ;SrK
.ka k d uKa v ,j, bka k iEu ms ß ñfhla u
tfyu keye' yefudau krl whu fkdfõ'
yenehs ;u wjia:djka m%fhdackhg wrf.k
jev lsÍug kï ta i`oyd fyd`o mßirhla o
ldka;djlg ;sìh hq;= nj;a ud ms<s.kakjd'
wo uu okakjd fï wdh;kfha kï tjeks
;;a;ajhla keye' kuq;a rg lshkafka iudch
lshkafka fï wdh;kh ú;rla fkfõfka' ta
ks i d iuia ; iudch mq r du jeä jYfhka
ols k a k g ;s h k ;;a ; a j hka ms < s n |jhs wms
l,a m kd lrka k ´fka ' ta j dghs ' úi÷ï
fydhd.kak ´fka' idudkHfhkA wfma iudch
iudk ;;a;ajhkaj, msßñfhla iy ldka;djla
ysáfhd;a ta fofokd Èyd iudk ye.Sulska
n,kafka keye' thd .eyeKshla lshk woyiska
;ud ldka;dj Èyd n,kafka' b;sx tal;a tlal
ug yeu fj,dfju igka lrkak ;snqKd'
wNsfhda. lrkak lrkak jqKd' ug thdg
jeäfhka j.lSï orkak jev lrkak mq¨jka
lsh,d' tal yßhg hqomsáhla jf.a' ldka;djla
yeáhg ud okakjd fï iudcfha idudkH
ldka;djlg fï ;;a;ajhg uqyqK §u fldÉpr
wudreo lsh,d' fya;=j iqÿiqlïj,g fkfõ
fndfyda fj,djg fï iudch i,lka f ka '
ldka;djkag wfma iudch .re lrkafka keye
iudcfha woyila ;shkjd .ïj, ldka;djkag
úYd, .re;a j hla ;s h kjd ls h ,d k.rfha
ldka;djkag jvd' kuq;a ud okakjd ienE
;;a;ajh tfyu fkfõ lsh,d' tu
ldka ; djka g ;a Èkm;du hq o a O hla lrka k
;s h kjd fï iudcfha ukq I Hfhla yeáhg
Ôj;a ùug'
wms kS ; s . relj jdykhla mojdf.k
hkfldg mjd fï msßñ iy .eyeKqka w;r
;s h k iudc kS ; s j ,g .re ls Í fï fjki
fldÉpro lsh,d w;aolskjd' ta fjki fyd|g
fmakjd' ta wh ys;kafka mdr uf.a ;j ldgj;a
tal whs;s keye lsh,d' b;sx fï ;;a;ajh ch
.kak kï ldka;djka wksjd¾hfhkau tlg
tlaúh hq;=uhs' ixúOdk.; úh hq;=uhs'•
idlÉPdj yd igyk

iqñld fmf¾rd

f,daflg
f,dlals

b

r kef.kak Tkak
fukak' bm,a fjÉp
hla kdrx .yl w;a;l
jymq mqxÑ fou,sÉfpd ?kla
tl iSrejg lE.ykj
iªmud frdayf,a
fldßfvdafõ flá ;dmafm
<.g tkfldg ±lald'
i¾mfhla weú,a,o okafk
kE'mrsirh Ôùka tlal
fldhs;rï iqyoj Ôj;a
fjkj o lsh,d iªmud
ys;=jd' bfvdafrg fld<
ye¨k;a yeu .ylu
wmQ¾j;ajhla ;sfhkjd'fïjd
olskafk ke;=j wfma
ñksiaiq ñkS urd.kakjd'
ziª fudkjo ys;kafka@
wo;a fodia;rhd Thdg
f,vla odhs jf.aZ
w¨;a ñâjhs*a fkdakd
mqxÑ il=ka;,d i÷mud <.g
weúÈka lsõjd'
zthd fldfydu;a
f,vlafka '''''Z

zyenEgu thdf.a f,fâg
fnfy;a keoao@Z
z;sfhkjd''''''yenehs
fufy fkfuhs wxf.dv'''''Z
.Ekq fokak yslsysls
.dkjd weys,d l,n, jqKq
fou,sÉfpd ?ku tl
frd;a;g b.s,s,d .shd'
iªmud wE; u
ÿIalr .ïudfkl
frdayf,a fyÈhla'
Woõjg il=ka;,d
weú;a'

wE;
.%dóh
wEg
w¨f;ka

ziªmud ñiag f,dl=
fodia;r uy;a;hd l;d
lrkjd''''''''Z
ihsuka weú;a fndfydu
f,ka.;=j i÷mudg
lsõjd'frdayf,a ld¾h
uKav,h jf.au fnfy;a
.kak tk frda.Skq;a
i÷mudg yßu leu;shs'
i÷mudf.a lreKdj Tjqkaf.a
f,v iqjm;a lrkjd'

ziª" mßiaifuka'''''''Th
ñksy tÉpr fyd| kE''''''Z
il=ka;,d wjjdo l<d'
zwfka Tõ wfma ñiS
'''''''''fldalg;a ux <.md;
bkakïflda'''''''Z ihsukq;a
i÷mudg fmr .uka hk
w;r;=f¾ lshjkjd'
f,dl= fodia;r
uy;a;hf.a lduf¾ <.
w¨;a iqj|la bysß,d' kyh
ojdf.k hk fnfy;a .|g
yqre fjÉp .%dóh frdayf,a
k¾ia fkdakg w¨;a iqj|
ú,jqka iqj|j,a wd.ka;=lhs'
tl ojila f,dl= fodia;r
uy;a;hd ;E.s lrmq iqj|
ú,jqka fnda;f,a <ud
jdÜgqfõ orejkaf.a lka
fome;af;a .d,d i÷mud
yskdjqKd' tod fodia;r
uy;a;hd <ud frda.Skaf.a
iqjÿla ne¨fõ fmdf<djg
rjdf.k i÷mudg
Trjf.k'
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

11

zi÷mud jdäfjkj'''''''Z
zfufyu fyd|hs
i¾'''wehs l;d lf<a'''@Z
i÷mud iSrefjka
ysgf.k fl<skau fodia;r
uy;a;hf.a weia fol Èyd
n,df.ku weyqjd' fodia;r
uy;a;hf.a weia ìug
yeß,d'
z;uqka .sh iqudfka ojia
folla u khsÜ ähqá lÜ
lr,d ;sfhkjd''''''Z
zlÜ flrejd fkfuhs
fka i¾' ta fjkqjg ks¾u,d
ñia jev l<d fka' wks;a
tl ux ojia myla tl È.g
jev flrejd''''''Z
z;uqfia ud;a tlal tlg
tl lshkafka fu;k
f,dlalh lsh,d ys;df.k
o@Z
fodia;r kdrïfmd;
fõ.fhka mqgqj miqmig
odf.k ke.sÜgd'
zi¾ wymq foag ux
W;a;rhla ÿkakd ú;rhs'
tlg tl lsõfõ kE'''Z

i÷mud .iaimq yeáhg
ùisfj,d .shmq yeá u;la
fjkak we;s'
zi¾ wr fodia;r
uy;a;fhla .Ekq <ufhlaj
¥IKh lr,d ur,d odmq
flaia tlg fudlo jqfKa@Z

kE b;sx rfÜ kS;sh
fldhs jf.a o
lsh,d ±k.kak
wms;a leu;shs'
fudlo fodia;r,g
´k úÈhg
ñksiaiqkaf.a w;mh
lmkakj;a jerÈ
fnfy;a §,d
m,s.kakj;a
wysxil fl,af,da
¥IKh lr,d ur,d
odkakj;a kS;sfha
fldfya yß bvla
§,d ;sfhkjo
lsh,d wms;a
±k.kak leu;shs'Z

i÷mud fldfydu;a
tä;rhs' fl<ska
l;dlrkjd'

i÷mud ,enqK
wiajeis,af,ka fodia;r
uy;a;hf.ka weyqjd'

ziª Thdf.a uQK y|la
jf.a jqK;a lg kï fldÉÑ
lr,la jf.a Z hd¨fjda
iªg úys¨ lrkafka tfyu
lsh,hs'

z;ju flaia tl hkjo
fldfyo@ wehs ñia tfyu
wykafka@ Z

z;uqfi,d ìkak neye,d
jf.a l;dlrkafka' fï .Ekq
yßu uqrKavqhs'Z fïjfha
fodia;r kdrïfmd; y~
nd, lrf.k lsõjd' yßhg
ne¨ul yq<x .shd jf.a'
ojia lSmhla ñksy
i÷mudf.a jfÜ lerleú,d

zkE b;sx rfÜ kS;sh
fldhs jf.a o lsh,d
±k.kak wms;a leu;shs'
fudlo fodia;r,g ´k
úÈhg ñksiaiqkaf.a w;mh
lmkakj;a jerÈ fnfy;a
§,d m,s.kakj;a wysxil
fl,af,da ¥IKh lr,d

12

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

fodia;r T¨j
Wiaikafka ke;sju lsõjd'

ur,d odkakj;a kS;sfha
fldfya yß bvla §,d
;sfhkjo lsh,d wms;a
±k.kak leu;shsZ
fodia;r uy;a;hd
rjkak yokfldgu i÷mud
W!kmQ¾Khl=;a tl;= l<d'
zkE fvdlag' k¾ia,g;a
úkh kS;sÍ;s odkak ´k
;uhs' fudlo wfma rfÜ
jeä yßhla k¾ia,d
f,âvqkag yßu
wldreKsllï lrkjd' ta;a
jefâ lshkafka jerÈ lrk
yefudau ksoyia fjkjd'
mdovlx lrk
fodia;r,hs frda.skaf.a Ôú;
ì,s.kak fi!LH fiajhhs
yeuodu ksoyia' wirK
ñksiaiq biamsß;df,a lshk
oxf.ähg fldgqfj,d fldhs
fjf,a ñh hï foda ñh
hjdú foda f.or hïfoda
f.or hjdú foda lsh,d
ys;ys;d bkakjd' mõ i¾
;ju;a ta ñksiaiq ys;ys;d
bkakjdZ
i÷mud lshjf.k .shd'
zfï .Eks ;uhs ojilgj;a
.EksZ lshkakd jf.a f,dl=
fodia;r uy;a;hd
i÷mudf.a uQK Èyd
n,df.ku ysáhd'
zfkdafka f,fvla
weú,a,dZ ihsuka uduf.a
lgyçka i÷mud wjÈ jqKd
jf.a wE blaukg jdÜgqjg
ÿjkak .;a;d'
zwfma ñiS ;uhs f,dlalSZ
ihsuka udud nq,;a yfma
lfÜ ;shdf.ku wE
miafika Èõjd'
zke;=jZ•

tâkd u,aldka;s

u,ajr ux.,Hho@

;

u ÈhKsh jeäúhg m;aùfï idohg
ug meñKsh yels±hs uqÿ y~lska ruHd
wik úg wef.a uqyqfKa ;snQ §ma;sh ug f
yd¢ka isysm;a l< yel' mqreoaola jYfhkau
l,n,fhka f>daIdldÍ f,i yeisfrk ruHd
ysá wäfha ksy~ iduldó ;;ajhg m;a jQfha
flfia ± hs ug is ; d .; fkdyel' ;u
ÈhKshf.a wksjd¾h ffcj úoHd;aul fjki
ruHdf.a ufkdaNdjhg o n,mEula we;sl<d
fiah' tjeks n,j;a ffcj úoHd;aul fjkia
ùula ixialD;sl W;aijhla fkdúh hq;af;a
wehs @ wjidkfha § ixia l D;s h ñks i df.a
ufkda N djh yd ;Èka ne£ ke;a o @ jeäúh
m;a ù fï W;a i j yeuúgu ms < s l = , a l< ud
ruHdf.a wdrdOkh ksy~j ms<sf.k th fya;=
hqla;s lsÍug fhdod .;af;a fujeks ;¾lhs'

ruHd wm" ;u ÈhKsh iukau,Sg y÷kajd
ÿkakdh' weh l=vd kuq;a ;u ujf.au msgm;ls'
tlu fjki jQfha iukau,S ;u ujg jvd
rks k a jeiS wdf,da l j;a j isà uhs ' uq j mq r d
iskyjlska ieriqKq weh tu iskyj ;u ujf.a
iEu ñ;= f rla u yd ñ;= ß hla u y÷ka j dfok
f;la mj;ajd .;a;dh' W;aijh ? fndajk
f;la meje;afjk úg uoHidr n,mEu iEu
flfkl= g u úfYa I fhka uf.a ld¾hd,
iÕhskag fyd¢ka ±fkkakg úh' jeä ld,hla
.; ùug fmr ghs má ,sys,a ù im;a;= .e,ù
ðma i S i a f .a lka ìys ß lrk ix.S ; fhka
,eÊcdYS,S nj;a l=,Eá .;sh;a my úh' mou
blaujd hEu yeu flfkl=f.kau Èia úh'
tjeks ;;a;ajhg m;a ruHdf.a ieñhd f.;=<g
Tijd f.k .sfha isysiqkajh'

ruHd Okj;a flfkla fkdfõ' tfy;a ;u
ÈhKshf.a idofha § weh ±la jQ ks¾f,daNSNdjh
ÿmam;a fkdfõ' ruHdf.a ksji l=vdh' weh
tu .eg¿j úi|d .;af;a ;u l=vd ñÿ,;a
wi,a j eis h df.a ñÿ,;a jeiS hk wdldrhg
weianeiafgdaia ;yvq fhdod bÈ l< uvqfjks'
tu uvq f õ fldKla w,xldr jQ f ha m% l g
iqmfõÈfhl= úiska ms<sfh, lrk ,o rij;a
iïm%odhsl Y%S ,dxlsl wdydrj,sks' jev weÍ
f.or hk .uka meñKs wm ld¾hd,fha
iÕhska ßisfia nvmqrd lEu lkq ÿgq ruHd
W;=rd hk m%S;shlska fj<S .shdfiah' ^fuu
W;aijh i|yd ruHd iud.fuka Khla ,nd
.;a nj ud ±k .;af;a miqjh'&

jir ;= k lg miq uu tu ks j fia §u
iukau,Sf.a wju.=,g iyNd.s jQfhñ' ñÿ,a
folu jid bÈ l< tu uvqju u< f.org
meñKs whg o fijK f.k ÿks' wehf.a urKh
isÿ jQ wdldrh ±k .; fkdyels jqj;a uo
fõ,djlg miq áflka ál ta ms<sn| f;dr;=re
fy<s úh' ug úYajdi lghq;= ud¾.hlska ±k
.kakg ,enqKq l;dj fufiah' iukau,S msßñ
<ufhl= iu. ryia iïnkaO;djhla mj;ajd
we;' tuksid weh È.ska È.gu ;u ujf.a
;dvk mSvkj,g ,la jQjdh' weKqï neKqï
yd myr §ï ;jÿrg;a ord.; fkdyels jQ
weh wjidkfha § ish Èú kid .;a;dh'

2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

13

ld¾hd,fha ieu ;ekls k a u m% i s o a ê fha u
ruHdg jro megúKs ' fuu iduQ y s l fodia
mejÍu ksid ruHdf.a ÿjf.a wju.=,g iyNd.s
ùug ld¾hd,fha whf.a Wkkaÿjla fkd;sìK'
iqÿue,sj .sh iukau,Sf.a isrer ksii,j ñkS
fmÜáfha ;sìK' wehf.a uqyqfKa meyeÈ,sju
wjika meh lSmh ;=< weh ú¢ ;shqKq fõokdfõ
i,l=Kq igykaj ;sìK'
y;a ojfia odkh ÿka Èk ug ruHd iuÕ
l;d ls Í ug wjia : djla ,eìK' weh §¾>
jYfhka ;u ks o yig lreKq lS j dh' weh
iukau,Sg fodia mejrefõ wehf.au fyd|gh'
wi,ajeisfhda ks;r lg l;d m%pdrh l<y'
weh id'fm< idudkH úNd.fhka iu;aùu
.ek BI_ H dfjka miq j Q wi,a j eis h ka wehg
wmydi lsÍug fkdl< fohla ke;' fuu
úkdYhg fya;=j lsishï yQkshula úh yel'
ruHd" iukau,Sf.a fmïj;d" iukau,Sg ,shk
,o fmï m;la o ug fmkajQjdh' iukau,Sf.a
urKhg fya;= ù ;snqfKa o tu fmïm; ruHd
w;g yiqùuhs'
ta w,xldrj;a nilska ,shk ,oaols' tys
;snq Wmud Wmfïhka yd iq,n fhÿïj,ska
f;dr NeÕ= ï nr NdIdj hk is h ,a f ,ka
fmkakqï flf<a ;¾ldkql+,j" ks¾udKYS,Sj
yd ixfõ§j is;k frdydkaf.a iajrEmhhs' ruHd
wjfndaO lr.;a wdldrhg th yqÿ ir, fmï
m;laZ fkdfõ' th j¾Kkd;aul" ldjHd;aul
nilska ,shk ,oaols' tu ,smsfhka fma%uh
j¾Kkd lsÍug wu;rj fjk;a m%dfhda.sl
lreKq .ek o-ksoiqkla jYfhka l,d Wmdêhla
,nd we;s Tyqg /lshdjla fidhd .ekSug we;s
wmyiq j " fuu ;;a j h u. yeÍug we;s
ud¾.hla jk bx.%Sis mx;shlg hEug uqo,a
fidhd .ekSug we;s wmyiqj jeks foa .ek o
i|ykaj ;sìK'
frdydkaf.a ,smsh lshjQ ud ;=< yg .;a
yeÕSu jQfha i;aj mßKdufha § we;s ysveia
fuka wmf.a ixia l D;s l W;a i jj,§ o
u.yefrk mq r ella we;s njh' u,a j r ùu
YÍrfha msì§uls' Ôú;fha ;j;a wjêhlg
iQodkï lsÍuls' tuksid th ieneúkau W;aij
meje;a úh hq;= lreKls' tfy;a isref¾ jk
fuu Wodfõ' B<Õ mshjr jk úÑ;%j;a jQ

14

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

fm% a u h ielfhka yd ms < s l = f <ka hq ; = j
i,lka f ka wehs @ u,a j r ùfuka wk;= r ej
.eyeKq <ufhl=f.a Ôú;fha B<Õg mj;ajk
W;aijh jkafka újdy ùuh' ta w;r;=r fjk;a
lsis;a bjikafka ke;' fm%auhla yg.kafka
kï th m< l< yelafla l=vhlg fyda fjrf<a
.,a l=,lg uqjdj fyda mÿrla wiafiah' ke;skï
.ilg uqjdj fyda jdykhla ;=<h' u,ajr
ùfuka miq yg.kakd fm%auh ie,flkafka
,eÊcd úh hq ; = lreKla fia h ' wl,a y s
yg.ka k d .eí.ekS ï újdohg ,la ú h hq ; =
ziodpdrd;aul lreKqZ jeks Bg wod, m%dfhda.sl
foa mj;sk nj o ienú' tfy;a thg we;s
ms<s;=r fm%auh ,eÊcdjg lreKla fia i,ld
fmïm;a brd oud <uhskag jdÑlj yd ldhslj
myr §u ;rï ir, ldrKhla fia ie,lSu o@
wmf.a ixialD;sfha we;eï ldrKd foi
kej; yeÍ ne,sh hq;=h' fm%auh o u,ajrùu
fuka u wks j d¾fhka is ÿ jka k la neúka
W;aijhla lr .; hq;= ldrKhla f,i wmf.a
iduq y s l Ñka ; khg we;= ¿ lr.; hq ; = h '
jeäys á hka f .a .eUq r e yd újD; wjjdo
wkq Y dikd ,nd.ka k d m% : u fm% a u fha ido
meje;a úh hq;=h' tjeks foa i|yd wdh;k
;u fia j lhs k a g Kh ,ndÈh hq ; = w;r
nexl=j,g zzm<uq fm%auhZZ jeks kula hgf;a
kjH Kh l%uhla y÷kajd Èh yel' fm%auh
È.= l,la fkdmj;skq we;' kuq;a fmïj;=kag
;u l;dj lSug Ôj;a úh yel' tmuKla
fkdj bka iuyre ms<sl=,a iy.; o¾Ykhla
f,i o" ;j;a iuyre mq j ;a m;a j ,s k a
fodaIdfrdamKhg ,lalrk l=vhlg" .,lg
fyda .ilg uqjdù lrk fm%auhg iSud ù we;s
hgm;a lr.;a iïnkaO;djhka k;r ùug
fyda wvq ùug bv we;' zm%:u fm%aufha idohZ
jeks ixl,amhla ;snqfKa kï iukau,Sg ;u
msì§fï M, w;a±lSug Ôj;a ùug jdikdjla
,efnka k g bv ;s ì K' iuyr úg ruHdg
fïjk f;la ikaiqka ;ekam;a uqyqKlska olaI
f,i jid.kakd fYdalfha mSvdj w;a
fkdjkakg o bv ;sìK'•

,d,a ueoj;af;f.or
^fuys i|yka mqoa.,hskaf.a kï .ï uk#l,ams;h wkkH;djh
fy<s fkdjkq i|yd fjkia flßK'& Tma I ka i a 39 jeks
l,dmfhka Wmqgd.kakd ,§'

kslx
bkak ux
ysre ke.sákakg;a m<uq
,sma fndlafla ÿï msU msU
b;ska lkska y;s odf.k
n;a ;ïnk ux'''
fydgq fmrdk ln fmrdk
ksod bkak mqxÑ tjqka
yev jev lr wka|d f.k
biafldaf,g wrx ÿjk ux'''
lgq b|,g mK § f.k
f.a jfÜg w;= .d f.k
j;a; msáh ,iaik lr
;shd.kak ux'''
uy lkaola ú;r Wig
f.or yefudaf.u l=Kq f.dv
l=Kq l=Kqjla ke;=j Tfya
fydao odk ux'''
lfâ ÿjk fmdf,a ÿjk
yekaoEjg fldgqfj kefyk
lef,a .syska or ñá ne|
f.or f.ak ux'''
jevg .syska mx;s .syska
à'ù' tl jfÜ bkak
f.or yefudagu ri f;a
yod fmdjk ux'''
mnd wnd uq;= lsß,a,s
fiaru fyd| tA whghs
ÿï ueiafia ±,s l=Kq kd
ksÈ jrkd ux'''
fndakia ´á mekaIka
tA fudkj;a we;af;u ke;s
meh wgg;a jeäfhka jev
tA;a kslx f.or bkak
fudl=;au ke;s ux'''

úkS;d udfk,a .uf.a
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

15

rc lsre< o@ - h:d¾:h o@

t

wnd .ek fndfyda foa fndfyda okd l;d
l<y' iskdudfõ ùrl;d b;sydihla wdrïN
jQ nj lSy' iEu udOHhlskau by<u m%pdrhla
,ndfoka k g by<u W;a i dyhla .;a njo
i;= á ka igyka lruq ' wfka idOq æ is x y,
iskudjg fufyu wkq.%yhla ,ndÿka by<
my< yefudagu msxæ

fu;ek we;a f ;a fld,a , hls ' ckhdf.a
leue;a ; Wÿrd.ka k d fld,a , hls ' ckm% s h
lrùu fkdj m%isoaO lrùu i|yd fï fld,a,h
b;d ire .ukl fhÈKs' fld,a,hg w;a fmd;a
;nkafka o ks¾udKlrejdu h' Tyq fndfyda
foa lshhs' túg Bg wdjvkafkda m;% ;Srej,g
,sh;s' Bg tfrys jkafkda o m;a;r msgq mqrj;s'
jefâ cufrg flfrhs' Wjukdj lsß .yg
wekakd f,iska isÿù ;sfí' Èk ishh mkakd
.kakg wnd fkdfyd;a ynrdf.a ±Õ,s,a,g
yelsúh' tl me;a;lska f,a Od;=j .ek jdohls'
;j;a me;a;lska ud;D uQ,sl mS;DuQ,sl iudc
meje;au .ek jdohls' tA w;r wnd" ynrdg
uqjd ù .=ïnl nQ;dg uqjd ù ñksiqkaf.a hgm;aj
we;a;d jQ YÍr wdYd l<Ud ukrï Ñ;%mg
o¾Yk irej ms;a;, fldf<a T;d fïka lshñka
foda;skau ms<s.kajhs' YÍr Yla;sh fmkakd
kegqjdg thska wndg ,enqKq t<shla ke;'

b;ska fufyu wdjeãula" l,ne.Ekshla
wnd fjkqfjka we;s jQ i|" upx .ek tjeks
ms < s . ekS u la we;s lrjka k g Wkka ÿ jla
iskudjg yojf;a m;af,kau wdorh lrkjd
hehs lshk we;a;kag we;s fkdjqfKa uka±hs
ia g eka , s , df.a mrmq f ¾ we;a ; ka g we;a f ;a
úÑlsÉpdjls' fï iageka,s,df.a mrmqf¾ tkï"
y;r ykaÈj,g muKla j;alu we;=j isák
ÿmam;=ka wndf.a ld,fhao úiqjdg iel ixld
l= u go@ wnd .ek kka úis ; = r e l;d ls h Q
W.;=kag' nqoaêu;=kag" foaYdkqrd.S Wu;=kag"
cd;sldkq rd.S úl=ï we;s fumqr jeishkag
fukau Tjqkg tAjd ;¨ urd judrkakg bvlv
iemmyiqlï idod ÿka ish¨ udOHhkag;a upx
kslïu pdx j# o@

—wnd˜ .eyeks h f.a YÍrh ms ß ñka wjÈ
lrùfï woyis k a úfia lrjoa § " —upx˜
.eyekqkaf.a wirK Ôú; fy<sorõ lrhs' upx
wo fï j¾;udkfha ;dreKHfha ú,dmhhs'
fyg
wkd.;fha
fumqrjeishkaf.a
mYa p d;a ; dmhhs ' fï is h ,a , upx fy<s o rõ
lrka f ka y~ fkdk.k ú,dmhls k s ' upx
is k yjl ±jgQ ;dreKHfha fÄpjdplhls '
fyd|g úfia we;s fyd|g rej we;s l;=ka
iuÕ wnd toa§" upx tkafka jeyereKq isreßka
hq ; = j Ôú;h foi Wfma C Idfjka n,k
.eyeKqka iuÕh' .eyeKshl w;ska ,shejqKq
upx ;sr rpkh ;=< .eyekshf.a rEmY%Sh ñ,
fkdfjhs' upx ks¾udKlrefjda ;u ks¾udKh
ckhd fj; ndr § ksfid,aukaj ys¢;s' thuh

fll= rclfï Wreuh i|yd wr.,
lroa § " tA l dg" wkq . % y ola j k Wka "
;dkdka;r" jia;=fNda." rdc biqrej,g bj
w,a,ñka tAldg w;ska mhska Woõ lr;s' tA tod
wnd h'
;j;a tflla tAldf. mK .eg
.y.ka k jdg;a jvd tA l df.a wdÉÑ,df.a
ifyda o rhdf.a " ifyda o ßhf.a mK.eg .id
fokakg ue<slñka uyd ygkl meg,S isáhs'
fï fuod ziageka,s,d h'

16

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

isÿúh hq;a;' ±ka —upx˜ ri ú¢k ck;djf.a
whs;shls' ck;djg upx .ek lshkakg foa
;sfí' Tjqkag yefÕk foa ±fkk foa lshkakg
jqjukdh' Bg ;ekla mßirhla ´kEh' —wnd˜g
fuka —upx˜g ;ekla mßirhla ms < s f h,
fkdfjkafka wehs@
fï ms < s f h, ls Í fï lghq ; a ; ndr .;
hq;af;a úoaj;=ka h' ks¾udKlrejd ksy~j
ysáhdfõ' úoaj;=ka upx .ek l;d l< hq;=h'
upxg ,efnk wkq.%yh idudkH ck;djf.a
we,au ne,au muKS' th b;d jeo.;ah' wf.ah'
ks¾jHdch' tfy;a upx .ek úoaj;=kag l;d
lsÍug foa ke;af;a keye fkdfõo@ fï upx,d
w;r wysxilfhda o fj;s' fflrdálfhda o
fj;s' uy;a jQ fjr jEhï orñka Ôú;h yd
igka j¢kafkda o fj;s' tA ieu w;r WodiSk
lïue,sfhda o fj;s' fï ;dreKHfha ienEjhs'
ñksialfï ienEjhs' —wnd˜ yev lrk fudaia;r
ú,dis;djla jQ ;dreKHh —upx˜ f.a Ôjk
wr.,fha ßoauh njg m;ajQ j. wfma úoaj;=ka
ls h d" ,s h d ckhdg u;la lr Èh hq ; =
fkdjkafka o@
fldhshïu l,d lD;shlgj;a ksis
we.hSula" úpdrhla" wjOdkhla fkdue;s fï
ld,fha —wnd˜ .ek ´kEjg;a jvd l;d lrñka
—upx˜ .ek ksy~ùu hq;=o@ —upx˜ ydiHckl
Ñ;%máhlehs mqxÑ f,an,hla w,jd me;a;lg
±óug o flfkla bla u ka fõkï th o
mqÿuhla fkdfõ' —upx˜ ,d ;u ÿlaÅ; Ôú;h
fjkqfjka y~d fkdje,fm;s' Tjqyq ÿla ú¢;s'
ÿl Ôú;h yd noaO ù we;s nj o f;reï
.ks ; s ' —rg hEu˜ tA ÿls k a ñ§fï tA l dhk
ud¾.h nj —upx˜,d is ; ;s ' fï" fï rfÜ
;reKhka f .ka yß wvlg;a jeä ms ß if.a
l,amkdjhs" ´kEluhs'
tfia jqj;a —rghdu˜ myiqo@ Bg o
m%d.aOkhla jqjukdh' uQ,sl Okhla w; ke;=j
l= u k fohla j ;a l< fkdyels nj fï
;reKfhda fyd¢kau wjfndaO lrf.k isá;s'
tfy;a tA wjfndaOhg ieuodu wjfndaOhla
f,is k a bka k g bv Èh fkdyel' ms ï ula
mekSug we;' Bg ljr fyda u.lska iQodkï
úh hq;=h' uymdrg nei rg fodvï úl=Kk
iageka,s tA msïfï È. m<, .eUqr .ek is;d
mia i g hka f kla fkdfõ' Tyq f .a Wkka ÿ j
f.or Tyqg uqyqKmdkakg isÿù we;s

wlr;eínhka iuÕu jefvhs' c¾ukshg mh
;nkafka zyEkaâ fnd,aZ lS%vlhkah' th o
Tjqka fkdokakd l%Svdjls' tAjd .ek W.ekaulg
iudch Tjqkag bv,nd§ ke;' Tjqyq t;ekska
;u ;uka reÑ rgj,a n,d fydr .uka msg;a
fj;s' fï rfÜ § ;reK Y%uh ñ,la ke;s
wmf;a hdula ù we;s úg" Tjqka lshkakdfia"
zfï rgg jeäh fldhs rg;a fyd|hZ hk
ñ:Hdfjka fj<S Tjqyq rfgka msgj h;s' lsisÿ
j;alulg Wreu ke;s" wyi;a fmdf<dj;a
w;r wkd:hkafia Ôj;a jk iageka,s,dg tA
ñ:Hdj lr .y.kakg Wmldr lf<da ljqreo@
iudc m% Y a k hla b;d .eUq ß ka idlÉPd
lrkakg —upx˜ wer ;nk fodr mshkaj,ska
we;=,a fkdfjkafka wehs@ —upx˜,dg l%u yd
úê fkdf;afrhs' ;uka .ek l;d nia lrjd
.kakd úÈh yd l%uh Tjqkg fkdjegfyhs'
fï udOH le; iQÿjl fh§ ys¢kd jljdkqjls'
udOHfha tA iQÿfl<sh y÷kdf.k tA iQÿfl<shg
wkq.; jkakd udOHfhka úmq, m%fhdack ,nhs'
tAjd neß —upx,d˜ iskud Yd,dj, álÜ lefvk
ßoauh .eku wjOdkfhka isá;s' ñksiqka w;r
láka lg hk mKsúvh .eku n,d isá;s'
ùrl;d iskudjg f.k tAu .ek i;=g
olajd isák w;ru" yenEjgu yenE ùrhd
ljq±hs" m%Yak lsÍug o isÿfjhs' wo j¾;udkfha
ienE ùrhka ±k y÷kd.ekSu w¨;a ùrhka
Wmoaojd .ekSu i|yd M, m%fhdackj;a fjhs'
ùrhka kï YÍrfha yhsh y;a;sh we;s" .y
.kakg iu;a" hqo lsÍug iu;a" tä;r msßñkah"
hk u;hg fï j¾;udkfha;a wms ysi kuuq
o@ rclu wruqKq fldg.;a zwndZ,d
u;=u;af;ys ujqìu iqrlskakg lvq w;g .ks;s'
ffjrh jmq r ;s ' Tjq y q ùr l;dj, m% O dk
pß;fhda h æ ñks i q k a g .eyekq k a g Ôú;fha
fkdfhla úêj,ska fkdfhla l%shdldrlïj,ska"
fkdfhla oE W.ekafuka ùrhka úh yelshs'
iskudj tA ùrhka .ek igyka lr ;eîu
b;d fyd|h' iskudmghla .ek fndfyda fia
iudch ;=< l;d nia lsÍu o b;d fyd|h'
tfy;a —upx˜f.a Ôjk wr.,fha ßoa u h
fkdi,ld yer Wkaf.a l;djg ìysß jQ lka
we;s" wkaO jQ weia we;s wms —wnd˜ iskudfõ
ft;sydisl igykla nj lshñka f;d,lg
f,jluq'•

lreKd fmf¾rd
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

17

zz

ñksfila" yS,E fkd
udOHfõ
zn

,a f ,la ñks f il= imdlhs Z hkq m% l g udOH
m%jdoh wkqj mqj;la fkdfõ' ñksfila n,af,l= imd
lhs hkq mqj;ls' tfy;a" zñksfila yS,E fkdjk udOHfõ§ka
imd lhsZ hkq mqj;la fkdúh yelso@

zj
ovh
.ek
fkdw

zÿïßh fmÜáj, yrl=ka megùu .ek kS;shla we;'
tlsfkld w;r wÕ,a 6 l mr;rhla we;sj i;=ka megúh
hq;=h' tfy;a fm!oa.,sl niaj,g tu kS;sh n, fkdmdk
nj mqj;la ù ke;'Z

zj
ia;%k
S
iuÕ
wdh;
Èk w
;sfí

zjfrl ^1970& § wfma rfÜ iSks ñ, jeäúh' túg fidavd ñ,
o jeä úh' tA ula ksidoehs mqj;am;a m%Yak lf<a ke;'Z
zwfma rfÜ uq,skau ãi,a ñ, jeäjQ wjia:djl ÿïßh
ia:dkj, ma,eÜf*daï álÜj, ñ, jeäúh' tA ula ksido
lshd mqj;am;a m%Yak l< hq;= keoao@Z
zilaú;s fydrlu .ek ±ka Èkm;d f;dr;=re m<fõ' tfy;a
fldama jd¾;dfõ fydreka .ek fkdfidhkafka wehs ±hs úuikafka
ke;Z
zfY%I
a G
a dêlrKfha úksir
q ejreka jeäfokd 17 jk ixfYdaOkhg
mgyeksj m;aùï ,enqfjda fj;s' tfy;a fY%aIaGdêlrKh rcfha
widOdrK m;alsÍï wdÈh .ek uQ,sl whs;sjdislï kvq úi|hs'
Tjqkag idOdrK ;Skaÿjla Èh yels±hs fkdúuish hq;=o@Z
zñh.sh uka;%S iQßhwdrÉÑ uy;d rcfha leí r:hla wh:d
mßyrKh l< njg kvqjla mejßK' tfy;a t,a,dj, yduqÿrejka
rcfha r:h úlsKu
S .ek kvqjla ke;af;a wehs@Z
zwd.uk ú.uk kS;s W,a,x>Kh .ek ;s,x. iqu;smd, uy;dg
kvq mejßK' tfy;a tu jrou l< lreKd wïudkaf.a jro
mfil ;nd Tyq md¾,sfïka;=jg m;alrkq ,eîh' fuh
f;dardfokakehs fkdlshkafka ukao@Z
zfpdl,Üj, fu,uhska fiùu fyd|h' tfy;a idudkH
ñksidf.a n;amf;a fld;rï ji-úi ;sfí±hs fkdfidhkafka
wehs@Z

18
18

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008
weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

zn
muK
ksid
fkdl

zo
wfy
iEu
fkdf

zi
uka;
wdod
mqj;


tfy
/lsh
iïu

zf
lshk
úÈh
wdrC
isáh

kdjk
fõ§ka imd lhs
zj;=r fnda;,h i|yka ñ,g jeäfhka úl=Kqfjd;a
ovhla kshu fõ' tfy;a ãi,a-fmg%,a jeä ñ,g úlsKSu
.ek mdßfNda.sl wÈldßh kvq fkdoukafka uka±hs
fkdweish hq;h
= 'Z

ZZ

zj;=lrfha ia;%Ska we;=¿ idudkH /lshd lrk
ia;%k
S f
a .a m%i;
Q s ksjdvq Èk 84 .Kka n,kafka ksjdvq Èk
iuÕ tl È.gh' tfy;a rcfha ld¾hd," fjk;a
wdh;kj, ia;k
S% f
a .a m%i;
Q s ksjdvq .Kka n,kafka ksjdvq
Èk w;a yßñksZ ^Èk 100 la muK fõ& m%i;
Q f
s ha fjkila
;sfí±hs weish hq;= keoao@
zng¾ iuÕ mdka lk whf.a mäh jeäfjhs' mdka
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ksid fuh isÿjk wdldrh meyeÈ,s lrk f,i
fkdlshkafka ukao@Z
zorejka mdi,g we;=¿ lr .ekSfï § wdÈ YsIH moku
wfydaisfldg uka;%S moku ls%hd;aul fjhs' tA m%Yakh úi£ug
iEu mjq,lgu uka;%Sjrfhl= m;alsÍu iqÿiq nj fmkajd
fkdfokafka wehs@Z
ziq¿ wdodhï ,dNSkf
a .ka mjd wdodhï nÿ.efka' wdKavf
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tfy;a wdKa v q f õ ;k;= r e orK wh úY% d u .s h úg
/lshdj,g h;s' wfma rfÜ /lshd ysÕhla ke;s njg fuh
iïudk ,eìh yels mqj;la fkdfõo@Z
zfld<U mdrj,a jidoud ñksik
q a ria;h
s dÿ lsÍug
lshkafka cd;sl wdrCIdj lshdh' fudjqka wm hk
úÈhg .uka fldg ñh .sfhd;a th cd;sfha ienE
wdrCIdj nj fmkajd fok udOHfõÈhdg Ôj;=ka w;r
isáhfyd;a iïudkhla Èh hq;= keoao@Z•

^,xld E-News-2008 m%dfoaYSH ckudOHfõ§ka fj; iïudk ms§fï Wf<f,a §
kS;s{ tia'Ô' mqxÑfyajd uy;d l< l;dj weiqßks'&

2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

19
18

akfw
xpÉskw
frdfI,a ( fï Thd,d oelalo''' wo m;a;f¾ ls%lÜ
.ek ;sfhk úia;f¾'''@
pß; ( fudk úia ; rhla .ek o Thd Th
lshjkafka' <ÕÈ wfma àï tlg ueÉ fudl=;a
;sífn keyefka'
frdfI,a ( uq,k
s u
a lshkakflda Thd zwfma àï tlZ
lsh,d woyia lrkafka fudllao lsh,d'
pß; ( wehs yf,da wfma àï tl lshkafka zwfma
lsl
% Ü àïtlgZ fka' Thdg tAlj;a f;afrkafka
keoao@ Thdf.a ls%lÜ .ek ±kqu kï ìxÿjhs
frdfI,a'
frdfI,a ( uf. kï fkfuhs' tA lshmq tl fyd|gu
.e,fmkafka Thdg' fudlo uu lshkak yeÿfõ
wo m;a;f¾ ;sfhk wfma ldka;d ls%lÜ
lKavdhu ngysr bka§h fldfoõ ldka;d
lKavdhu mrdch lr,d tla Èk ;rÕdj,sh
ch wr.;a; tl .ek'
pß; ( wmamg isß' tA mdr .EKq;a lsl
% Ü .y,o@ Th
fkÜfnda,a yß" neÜñkagka yß fi,a,ï lrka
bkafk ke;=j .EKqkg
a fudk lsl
% Ü o@''' lsl
% Ü
;sfhkafka fï wms jf.a msßñkagfka'
frdfI,a ( wehs pß;" Thd Th ;rï mgq úÈhg
ys;kafka' f.dvla ;ekaj, fyd| ms<s.ekSula"
fyd| f.ùula ,efnk fldg tAjd Tlafldu
msßñkag whs;s jev fjkjd' t;fldg tAjd
.Ekqkg
a iqÿiq ke;sfjkjd' fïjd ldf. kS;s o
ukao@'''
pß; ( wdmyq lshkak frdfI,a''' ug f;arefka keye'
frdfI,a ( bkakfld uu Thdg fmdä WodyrK fol
;=kla lshkak' f.j,aj, Whkak msßñkag
,eÊchs' tAjd .EKq jev tA jqKdg f,dl= f,dl=
fydag,aj, l=l,
a d Tlafldu msßñ' t;fldg tAl
zfm%df*Ik,aZ' f.or ueIsfï Thd,f.a bßÉp
we֕ Tlafldu uykafka .EKq flkd' tA jqKdg
f,dl= fÜ,¾ fIdmaj, fÜ,¾,d" .dukaÜj,
20

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

lg¾,d Tla f ldu ms ß ñ' fudlo tA l ;a
zfm%df*Ik,aZ' fï jf.a ;uhs fï l%v
S d;a' msßñ
lKavdhug rfÜ fyd| ms<s.ekSula ;sfhkjd"
yeu myiqlulau ,nd§,d ;sfhkjd" fyd|
f.ùula lrkjd' wkq.%ylfhd;a ´k ;rï
bkakjd' tA;a tA jefâu ldka;djka lr,d
fuÉpr chla ,eì,;a wfma iuyr whg tAl
;ju;a msßñkag whs;s lSv
% djla jf.hs fmakf
a ka'
pß; ( TÉpr fyd| ldka;d àï tlla kï" wehs
Th tl ueÉ tllaj;a à'ú' tfla fmkakqfõ
ke;af;@
frdfI,a ( tAlu ;uhs pß; ug;a ;sfhk m%Yafk'
wfma ldka;d lKavdhu lsl
% Ü fY%K
a .
s ; lsÍïj,
yhfjks ;ek bkafk' tA jf.au Th me/oaÿfõ
miajeks ;ek bkak fldfoõ lKavdhu' tA;a
fï l%v
S d msgf
q õ wdál,a tlla" fmdä ksji
q a tlla
wereku tl pek,a tllskaj;a fï ueÉtl
fmkakf
q õ keyefk'
yenehs' msßñ lsl
% Ü ueÉ tlla jqkdkï ;sfhk
Tlafldau pek,a fmdrlkjd tAl .kak' fïl
;uhs rfÜ ;;a;afõ' ´lfk uu yeuodu
lshkafka wfma rfÜ msßñ whg idfmaCIj .Ekq
whg fjkialï lrkjd lsh,d' fyaIdka Thd
ys;kafka fudllao uu lshkfoa jerÈo@
fyaIdka ( ug;a yßu ÿlhs wfma ldka;d àï tl
.ek' fudlo uu;a Th àï tfla ál fofkla
w÷rkjd' tA wh lshkafk;a tA f.d,a,kag fyd|
ms<.
s ekSula keye¨" wkq.d% ylfhd;a fydhkak
wudre¨" biair f.ùulaj;a ,enqfk keye¨"
wf;a ;sfhk lShyß úhoï lrf.k¨ m%elaáia
lf<a ' .Ekq ls % l Ü .yka k hkjd ls h ,d
ijq;;
a j
= g yskdfj,d wffO¾h lrk wh yßhg
bkakj¨ yenehs Woõjla §,d Èß.kak wh
fydhd.kak keye¨' tA jf.au újdy jqkdu
mjqf,a lghq;= <uhskf
a .a m%Yk
a tA j.lSïj,ska
u. yßkak;a neye¨' b;ska l%v
S d lrkak fyd|
udkisl;ajhla yod.kafka f,dl= igkla lr,¨'
frdfI,a ( tAl ;uhs' fï jf.a ;;a;ajhl b|,d
rgla yeáhg fï ,nmq ch.%yKh we;a;gu
wms w.h lrkak ´k' tA jf.au tA whg lS%vd
lrkak fyd| jgmsgdjla ks¾udKh lr,d
fokak;a ´k' fudlo l%v
S dj .eyeKq msßñ lsh,d
fjka lrkak ´k fohla fkfuhsfk' 21 fjks
Y;j¾fI Ôj;afjk wh yeáhg wms Th
yodf.k ;sfhk iïm%odhka" iSudjka .ek
foierhla ys;kak ´k fïl' •

risld §mdks

zie~iq<. iy ;Km;aZ flál;d
ix.%yh ms<sn| flá úuiquls'

z.Ekqkag Wkafka ;ek fudllao lsh,d
W.kakkav wjqreÿ .Kkdjla uu rg jfÜ
.shd' uu rg jfÜ ta .syska tkfldg uf.a
mq ; d iq o a È fhla f .a lrg w; odf.k
rfgkq;a mek,d .syskaZ tfyu lsh,d ñisia
u,afoksh thdf.a lduf¾g hkak ke.sÜgd'
lduf¾g .sysx ;ksfj,d thd ysf;a ÿl
hkak w~dú o ''''''''ug tfyu ys;=Kd'

;

-zie~iq<. iy ;Km;aZ-msgj
q 99

u f,a L kh Tia f ia ia ; s % h f.a iudc"
ixia l D;s l N+ ñ ldj úúO whq ß ka
ks¾jpkh lr.kakg h;ak ork l;=jßh
;u w¨;a u kjl;dj jQ zw¨;a ojila weú;aZ
ys pußf.a fyda msh,;df.a pß; fiau" fuu
flál;d fndfyduhl ia;s% pß; o ;u Ñka;
jHjidhsl jQ iudc" foaYmd,ksl jqjukdj
l= ¨ .eka ù u i|yd fhdojdf.k we;s neõ
fmfkhs'
zw;a ; ïudZ" z.eyeks h la Z " zu;= nq ÿ jk
wïudjreZ" z;d;a;d hkak .shdZ jeks flál;d
úfYaIfhkau y~k.d lshkafka" fï mj;sk
ia;s%h wE jgd we;s iudc" foaYmd,ksl lreKq
flfrka fia u ;u Pka u odhdoh jQ Ôj
úoHd;aul fya;= ldrKd flfrys o ÿ¾uqL ù
ukafoda;aidyS ùug lghq;= fhdok whqrehs'

l;=jßh ;u l;d kdhsldjka b;d /äl,a
pß; njg m;a fldg Tjqka fj;ska uyd úYd,
iudc fmr<s h la .uH lrjka k g fmru.
fkd.kS' ta uka±Zhs lsisjl= úuish yelsh' Bg
fuu flá újrKfha fhfok ud yg ±laúh
yels fya ; = j kï" l;= j ßh ;u idys ; H
m% n ka O fha we;s ridia j doh fmrgq lr.;a
l,d;aul iSrej ì|.kakg ;u foaYmd,k u;s
u;dka;r tÈß fkdlr.kakd njhs' kuq;a ta
.ek udf.a úksYajh kï th tl ;d,hgu
È.ska È.g l,d;aul iy fi!kao¾hd;aul
wäfhau /oùu ;jÿrg;a wkjYH njhs' ;u
flál;d m%hdkfha tlla yer tlla fyda
l;=jßh fulS ;;H foaYmd,kslh weiqre lsÍu
i|yd fhoúh hq;= njhs uf.a woyi'
zie~iq<. iy ;Km;aZ lD;sfhka Wmqgd
by; olajd we;s fldgi ud Wmqgd .;af;a
fuys tk zu;= nq ÿ fjk wïudjreZ
flál;dfjks' tu fldgi f;dard.kakg ud
yg n, mE lreK jQfha o by; i|yka jQ fuu
ks¾udKhka ys tk foaYmd,kslh byjyd Æ
fi!kao¾h fyda Ndj ridiajdokhhs' idys;H
flfrka Ndj úka o kh úf¾pkh fyda
fi!ka o ¾hh fia j kh ls Í ug bv ie,eiS u
w;HjYH wx.hls ' tfy;a " fuu lD;S k a y s
l;=jßh jeks ia;S%jd§ hï ±laula we;s whl=
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

21

bka bÈßhg o hkafka kï th weh ,nk
úYd, ch.%ykhla fia ±laúh yels h'
fuu flál;d lD;shg ku ;nd we;s
zie~iq < . iy ;Km;a Z kñka fuys tk
flál;dfõ wka ; ¾.;h iy tys l;= j r
wOHdYh by; wm ixjdohg ,la l< ia;S%jd§
fldaKfhka neyer jQ j¾.jd§ l<n.Eksfhka
ixfiapkh ù W;am;a;sh ,enQ ks¾udKdxl=rhls'
l;=jßh tys§ o lrkafka Ndj úkaokd;aul
jHdhduhls' iuyr úg weh ms<s.kakd i;Hh
úh yelafla foaYmd,ksl m%fõYhlg jvd
fi!kao¾hd;aul msúiqula úh yelsh' tfy;a
;u ks¾udK ñka bÈßhg lshjd ;nkakg kï
weh wks j d¾hfhka u wod< foa Y md,ks l
m%ia;=;h ;u idys;Huh ,sùu flfrys flfia
fyda úksúÈh hq;=u neõ uf.a ye.Suhs'

zw¨;a ojila weú;a Zms<sn| flá
úuiquls
zw¨;a ojila weú;a Z hkq f jka woyia
lrka f ka " f,da l fha j¾;udkfha fjfik
ldka ; d ks f hda c khg kj iudc yerjq ï
,la I hla yuq ù we;eZhs hka k kï th
i;=gqodhl wdrxÑhls' fya;=j ñksia j¾.hd
we;s jQ od mgkau fï jk f;la mej; meñK
we;s iudc Ôjk rgdj flfrys ldka ; dj
fyj;a yqÿ .eyeksh m;a lrkq ,en we;af;a
Èfkka os k ;S j % r j W;a i ka k jk
wdka;sl;djhla fj;h'
Bg Wola u n,md we;s lreKq m% O dk
jYfhka lSmhls' iodpdrh" j¾.hdf.a meje;au
iy wd.ñl YSlaIKh hs' fï ish,a, flfrys
.eyeksh b;d oeä f,i tlS tla tla fldajl
oud tajdg iß,k fia uljd h<s ks¾udKh
fldg we;eZhs is;sh yels h' tfia úáka úg
úúO iudc ia : rhka ys fufia tl ;ek
m,afjk ia;S%;ajh ms<sn| flfrk ydrd wjqiaid
ne,Sï fiau wr.,ldÍ y~ ke.Sï o fmdÿfõ
iuia; ia;S% m%cdju wrUhd ixúOdkd;aulj
fyda tla tla mqoa., uÜgñka fyda isÿjkq wmg
w;aolskakg ,eî we;' bÈßhg;a tfia jkq
we;'

22

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

zw¨;a ojila weú;a Z hkq f jka woyia
lrka f ka " ud by; lS wdldrhg fuf;la
.¾ys; je mej;s ia;S%;ajh fj; w¨;a ojila
Wodùula heZhs fuu lD;sfha ks¾udKldßh
wmg ta;a;= .kajkakg W;aiql ùula heZhs uu
is ; ñ' th b;d m% . ;s Y S , S W;a i dyhls '
ks¾udKldßh o ldka;djl f,i ;udf.a Ôjk
.ufka § fuf;la ,o w;a±lSï fndfyduhla
jHdx.j fyda ljHd;aulj fyda fuu ks¾udKh
Tiafia ;u mdGlhdg lshdmEug ord we;s
W;aidyh w.h l< hq;= fjhs'
tfy;a l;= j ßh ;u m% n ka O fha m% O dk
N+ñldj jQ zpußZ tys werUqfï isg wjik
f;la f.dv k.k wdldrh fld;rï kï
úYajikSh oeZhs h<s is;d ne,sh hq;=j we;' ud
tfia lshkafka tlS pß;h f.dvke.Sfuys ,d
ks ¾ udKldßh f.k we;s W;a i dyfha we;s
wNsfhda.d;aul nfõ ,sys,a iajNdjh hs' th
;rul ,sys,a iajNdjhla okjk neõ ye.S hhs'
kuq;a fuf;la iudc Ôú; jHdhdufha wm
fyd¢ka w;a±l we;s mßÈ ^wmg jvd fuu
m%nkaOfha ks¾udKldßh ia;s%hla f,i th
fyd¢ka ú| we;s njg iel ke;& ldka;dj
flf¾ msgia;r iudcfha we;s .%yKh t;rï
iqÿuqÿ tlla fkdfõ' th ±ä h' fkd kefuk
iq¨ h' tfia u wêm;sjd§" wka;jd§ tlls'•

fiamd,a wurisxy

Tfí ks¾udK wmg tjkak'
ia;k
S% a ms<n
s |j fukau iudcfha úúO úIhka
iïnJOfhka ,shejqKq ,sm"s
ks¾udK i|yd weh iÕrdj
újD;h' wmg ,shkak'
zwehZ iÕrdj
ldka;dj yd udOH iduQyslh
174" w,aúia wejksHq" ldi,a ùÈh"
fld<U 8"
B-fï,a ( options@sltnet.lk fyda
womedia@sltnet.lk

iïudkkSh udOHfõÈksfhda
uyck fiajd ckudOH" úúO;ajhg .relsÍu yd
udkj ysñlï jd¾;dlrKh úIhka Tiafia fuf,i
iïudk m%odkh lrkq ,eìKs' —weh˜ fj;ska Tn fj;
y÷kajd fokq ,nkafka fuu iïudk m%odkfha§ iïudk
yd iy;sl ysñlr.;a ckudOHfõ§kshka ms<sn|jh'

c

kudOH ;=< uyck fiajd jákdlï
m%j¾Okh
lsÍfï
wruqKska
ckudOHfõ§ka$fõÈkshka Èßu;a lsÍu i|yd
meje;afjk udOH iïudk Wf<, W;al¾Yj;a
wkaoñka fujr o meje;aúKs' udOHfõ§kaf.a
cd;Hka;r iïfï,kfha WmfoaYl;ajfhka
fuu iïudk Wf<, ixúOdkh lrkq ,enqfha
YS% ,xld jD;a;Sh m;% l,dfõ§kaf.a ix.uh"
udOH fiajl jD;a;Sh iñ;s iïfï,kh" YS%
,xld fou< udOH ix.uh" YS% ,xld uqia,sï
udOH ixioh yd ks o yia udOH jHdmdrh
tlajhs'
uyck fiajd ckudOH" úúO;ajhg
.rels Í u yd udkj ys ñ lï jd¾;dlrKh
úIhka Tiafia fuf,i iïudk m%odkh lrkq
,eìKs' —weh˜ fj;ska Tn fj; y÷kajd fokq
,nkafka fuu iïudk m%odkfha§ iïudk
yd iy;s l ys ñ lr.;a ckudOHfõ§ks h ka
ms<sn|jh'
fldá ixúOdkh úiska msysgqjy,a lrkq
,enq miq mq;a;,fï l|jqre ,d.;a uqia,sï
ckhd ms<sn|j l:d mqj;la udkj ysñlï
jd¾;dlrKh ms<sn| cd;sl ;s<sKh ysñlr
.ekSug iu;aúks' ta l,amsáh bßod ,xld§m
mqj;amf;a m%dfoaYSh udOHfõÈkshl jk moaud
l= u dß lxldkïf.a h ' my jir Ys I H;a j h
úNd.fhka" Èjhsfka ;=kafjks ia:dkhg m;a
mq;a;,fï irKd.; l|jqrl fjfyfik l=vd
±ßhla ms<sn| udkqIsl l;d mqj; weh úiska

bßod ,xld§m mq j ;a m ;lg iïmdokh lr
;sìKs'
1990 jif¾§ rdjh mqj;amf;ka udOHhg
msúiskq moaud l=udß 1994 jif¾§ ,xld§m
mq j ;a m ;g iïnka O úh' weh úoHd mq y q K q
.=rejßhla f,i /lshdfõ ksr; jk w;f¾
udOHlrKfha § fhfokakSh'
jhU m<d; i|yd jk úúO;ajhg .re
lsÍfï iïudkh o ysñlr.;af;a weh úisks'
ta lsis÷ ìï lvl whs;shla fkdue;s l,amsáfha
is x y," fou< ckhd ms < s n | l;d mq j ;la
,xld§m mqj;am;g iïmdokh lsÍu Wfoidh'
1997 § ,xld§m mq j ;a m ;g tla f jñka
ckudOHhg msúiqkq fudKrd., iqÔjd whs'
l=udß W!j m,df;a uyck fiajd ckudOH
iïudkh ysñlr .ekSug iu;aúh' WmdêOdß
.=rejßhl jk weh fudKrd., m%foaYfha nv
bßÕ= f.dùka wo ojfia uqyqK fokq ,nk
.eg¨ ms<sn|j fâ,s ñr¾ mqj;am;g úfYaIdx.
,smshla iïmdokh lr ;sìKs'
cd;Hka ; rj is ÿ flfrk ñks i a cdjdru
ms<sn|j úfYaIdx. ,smshla iïmdokh lrkq
,enq fâ,s ñr¾ mqj;amf;a mQ¾Ksud ùrfialr
udkj ysñlï jd¾;dlrKh ms<sn| ckudOH
cd;sl ;s<sKfha úfYaI we.hSug ,laúh' Bg
wu;rj weh niakdysr l,dmfha iïudkhg
o ysñlï lshkq ,eìKs'

2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

23

±kg —fâ,s ñr¾˜ mqj;amf;a udOHfõÈkshla
f,i lghq;= lrñka isà'
jD;a;sfhka bx.s%is .=rejßhla jk ví,sõ'
ta ' fk,a l d yïnka f ;dg ls r u m% d foa Y S h
udOHfõÈkshla f,i jir .kkdjl isgu
,xld§m yd fâ,s ñr¾ mqj;am;aj, lghq;=
lrhs' weh úiska ,xld§m mqj;am;g iïmdokh
lrkq ,enq ol=Kq m<df;a meÕsß j.dlrejkaf.a
.eg¨ ms<sn| úfYaIdx.h fujr ol=Kq m<d;a
iïudk Wf<f,a§ úfYaI l=i,;d iy;slhla
ysñlr .;a;dh'
fujr iïudk Wf<f,a§ we.hSug ,lajQ
,dnd,;u udOHfõÈksh jkafka tia' l=ykaÈks
h' l,auqfKa mdKaäßmamq m%foaYfha fjfik
weh úis j k úfha miq f jhs ' bka g ¾ ks j q i a
f¾äfhda ys udOHfõÈks h l f,i lghq ; =
wdrïN lr we;af;a óg udi yhlg fmrh'
wd§ jdiSka wo ojfia uqyqK fok .eg¨ ms<sn|j
W!j m% c d .= j ka úÿ,s h g iïmdokh l<
jevigyk fjkqfjka wehg úfYaI l=i,;d
iy;s l hla ys ñ úh' ta kefÕkys r m<df;a
uyck fiajd ckudOH iïudkh fjkqfjks'
fujr iïudkhla fyda iy;slhla Èkd.;a
tlu fou< udOHfõÈksh jkafkao wehhs'

óg jir follg fmr bßod ,xld§m
mqj;amf;a —jhU˜ w;sf¾lfhka udOHhg msúis
ixÔjkS wdßhr;ak jhU m,d;a uyck fiajd
ckudOH iïudkfha f;jeks ia:dkhg ysñlï
lSh' úh,s l,dmh ;=< W.%j mj;sk jl=.vq
frda.h ms<sn|j weh úiska iïmdokh lrkq
,enq úfYaIdx. fuu iïudkh i|yd fya;=úh'
—ikafâ ,Sv¾˜ mqj;amf;ka ckudOHhg
msúis có,d kðnq§ka niakdysr l,dmfha udkj
ysñlï jd¾;dlrKh ms<sn| ckudOH ;s<sKfha
fojk ia:dkh ysñlr .ekSug iu;aúh' weh

24

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

l=vd orejkag o~qjï lsÍu ;=<ska u;=jk
udkqIsl .eg¨ ms<sn|j jevigykla
iïmdokh l< W!j m%cd .=jkaúÿ,sfha wfhaId
Wfoa k s o fujr iïudk ysñlr.;a
udOHfõÈkshls' ol=Kq-W!j l,dmfha udkj
ysñlï jd¾;dlrKh ms<sn| ckudOH ;s<sKh
fojk ia:dkh ysñlr .ekSug weh iu;a
jQjdh'
iïudk Wf,< miq . s h od .d¨ uq j fodr
fyda g ,fha § W;a i jdldrfhka meje;s w;r
udkj ysñlï jd¾;dlrKh ms<sn|j
cd;Hka;r iïudk ,dNskshl jQ fudaksx ,Sv¾
mqj;amf;a l¾;D fidkd,s iurisxy o fuys §
we.hSug ,laúKs' wehg Wmydr ;s<sKhla
m% o dkh flrefka ixúOdhlhs k a f .a úfYa I
we.hSula f,isKs'•

w;=, ú;dkf.a

mdfmdÉpdrKh
mgq mjqre ne|
uf.a ksoyi Wÿrd
f,dalhd'''
È.eishlf.a
fk;= le,aulg
f,dn ne¢
ud is;'''
fï ismsß f.hs
hoñka ne|
isrlf<ysh'''
iajdñkS'''
fï ismsßf.hs
ud ú¢kafka
Tfí o~qjuhs'''
fï fmdarlfha
Tn''' t,a,d oukafka
uf.a ysñluhs'''

ldka;d Èk ieureu

cd;Hka;r ldka;d Èk ksñ;af;ka
ixúOdkh lr ;snQ
uyd jevigyfka
m%Odk foaYlhd
Tyq úh
—wm f.!rj l< hq;=hs
ksrka;rfhkau ldka;djg
kj;d ±ñh hq;=hs jydu
.Dyia: m%pKav;ajh˜
fulS fkdlS fndfyda oEh
lka wä mef,kakg
iQßh lkao kqU
wdikak ;rug
je<fmkafka o ;ksju
w;amqä y~h'
kqfò ;kshg ,xfj,d isá
' ' ' ' ' ' ' '
foaYmd,k hy¿fjda
ksjig hk úg Tyq
ljqre;a wo ke; <Õl
ì<s÷ ÈhKsh
kqfò mduq, l÷¿ Èh l<
lsß Wrñka isáhdh'
tfkdald wurfialr
uõjreka we; tod jdf.u
bínd.uqj
we;s jQ l;d nyl
;ksfj,d ÿla l÷¿ isrfldg
fl<jr
fYdalfhka <h me,S
ìß|f.a jï lïuq, u;
u<jqka w;rh fndfyda wh
fyKhla fuka m;s; jQ
Wïuka;lj isákd
fifkyi
;j;a uõjre ksy~ ù ioygu
ì<s¢hf. lg
kqfò l=i Èrdm;a jQ
fofldkska .,d .sfha
tA ;=reKq weg len,s
Wrd.;a lsßì|h'
fmdfydrúh z;=reZj,g
ke;sju neß ksid
;=reuqÿka ismf.k
fidhkakg fjfyfihs
;kqcd ks¾u,S
yuk uok< ksr;=re
Wiajegflhshdj
Ôú;h lemlr
iemla hehs uf. .;g
oyÈh" l÷¿ j.=rejd
lshkafka flf,ilo
tfy;a yqjudre fjkjd ñi
;shqKq b¢lgq uqqk;a isrerg
jefokjd jdf.hs tA iq<Õ
w;ska w;
we;s lrhs yomqrd fõokd
ysño ksielju ;ukg
lkao kqU we;s ;=rd ioygu
Ôú;h fukau yßu ;djld,slhs

iQßh lkao mduq,
isg ,shñ'

uqo,a

tÉ'tï' lms, chú,d,a fyar;a
l=,h
s dmsáh

hQ'î' Èidkdhl
lelsrdj

2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

25

lú is;
ÈhKshg ,shQ lú'''
Wodysre Tn w÷r m<jd
f,dju t<s lrkd
i| myk Tn w÷re wyiu
t<sh lr jäkd
uo iq<Õ Tn ±jà ±jà
isys,a iqj f.fkkd
ñysu~, Tn wkd.;hu
Tn welfh r|kd
fijke,a, kqU ud iuÕskau
ud jfÜ irKd
yi/,a, kqU uf.a fof;df,a
ñysr u;= lrkd
l÷<e,a, kqU uf.a fowefia
ksr;=rej /f|kd
uqKquqKqj kqU .S;hla fia
uf. uqúka wefikd'''
lsß ì÷j Tn uf.a isreßka
kssr;=rej .,kd
reysrhhs Tn uf.a isref¾
ksr;=rej ÿjkd
yqiau fmdo Tn uf.a isrerg
Ôú;h msôkd
rkaouhs Tn wfma f,dalh
tlg ne| ;nkd'''
lsÑìÑh''' kqU ud jfÜgu
úyÕ m;a i,kd
msß;a mekafmdo wfma f,daflg
fu;a isis, jvkd
mkays|hs kqU uf.a lúhg
wl=re tlalrkd
ÈhKshhs Tn zukafodaoÍZ
uki iqj iokd'''

ud,sld l=udß wdßhr;ak
ueÈß.sßh

26

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

wehg ,shQ lúh
.,a lgqjg-l=¨ f.ähg
oEle;a;g .sks wúhg
msyshg ueyqug f.;=ug
byqug msyqug mEkg
tl fia yqre jqK oE;g
mqoñ fï lú ñg tla fldg
f;dá,a, mojk Th w;g
f,dj u rlskakg bv we;
lr.eg ismf.k je<fmk
fudfyd;l .skswú /,a,l
ysß.vq ke. tk fudfyd;l
iS;, iS;, mskakl
Whk msyk .sks fud,jk
l=Uqre fldgk ù me<fjk
fl;ahdhl lïy, <.
kef.a oE;a chlKq f,i
uj m;sksh ÈhKsh kqU
ñ;a;Ksh o úfgl È kqU
lshkq ßiska wyk jreK
fidhñ nfi ys wuq;= jpk

ofòf.dv ðkodi

af.a
a,Su u;" m%ùKhk
mdGl Tfí b,
ldjH
o
a
.
f
a
k
lú lsú¢h
fukau wdOqksl
hh
Sr s fï'
fjka flfrk ;
ks¾udK i|yd
kak'
tj
;
a —weh˜ fj
Tfí ks¾udKh;
zwehZ iÕrdj"
slh"
yd udOH iduQy
dj
;
a
ldk
fld<U-8
h"
ùÈ
,a
di
l
q
H
s
jk
174" w,aúia we
5
04
ÿrl:k( 5632

flá
l;dj

ù' kkaod fmf¾rd

u

g f.oßka msg;a
jkakg kshñ;
fõ,dj Wodfjñka ;sìK'
fjkod fkd jQ wkaofï fida
iqiqï fmdÈhla uf.a yoj;g
flfuka we;=¨jkakg úh'
ljqre;a ug iuqfokakg
wjÈj isáhy' tfy;a yeu
;eklu yeu uqyqKlu ug
wuq;a;la ±fkkakg úh'
uf.a iodorKSh wïud
ud je<| .;a ta fudfydf;a
ud ,enQ WKqiqu fjkodg

jvd úfYaIs; tlla jQ w;r"
ta wjdikdjka; fudfyd;
Wodjk ;=reu tys WKqiqu
uf.a reêrh yd uqiqj .;
mqrd ießirkakg jQfhka
jßkajr uu bka
ika;¾mKh ùñ' zuf.a
r;a;rx ¥g foú msysghsZ
lshñka" uf.a mshd ug
wdYs¾jdo lr ud ysi u;
;enQ ta r;a;rx iqrf;a
wdrlaIdj iys; nr .;sh"
rka Tgqkakla me<| jQ

lf,l fuka uÕ È.gu ug
±fkkakg úh' uf.a tlu
r;a;rx whshd <. ud je|
jeà iuq.kakd úg" Tyqf.a
Yla;su;a fo w;ska ud Tijd
uf.a fofk;a ;=<g tî
fy,k ,o wka;su ne,au"
uf.a fofk;a ;=<ska úksúoj
f.dia ksoka.; jQ njla ug
±ksKs' pQá u,a,S ud wNshi
oKska jeà uf.a fom;=,a
u|la fldks;a;df.k ke.S
isáfha fjk od fkd jQ
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

27

o.ldrlulska o hq;=j h' ud
ñÿ,g ms<smka úg
fldfyafoda isg Èjú;a uf.a
iqr;,a mQis foll=,a w;r
fjf,kakg jQfha f;areï
.; fkdyels jQ lsisjla
fld÷rñka h'
ta brKï .uk hkakg
uu mdkaor y;rg u,a,s;a
iu. msg;a jQfhñ' úÿ,s
n,anhla fuka uf.a yoj;
we;=<; úfhda .skaklska
±fjkakg úh' yoj; ì;a;s
r;a lrñka tys ±,a,
flfuka jeäfjñka WKql<
reêrh .; mqrd Èj hkakg
jQfhka" ta uyd mdkaor mjd
.; ysßjÜgk iS;,h
fjkqjg uf.a .; oyäfhka
kEúK' u,a,S iS;,fhka
.efyñka fow;a
fmdrjdf.k ud bÈßfhka
f.dia lvq,a, mekakd muKs'
lsisjl= .iska jegqKdla
fuka zovdiaZ .d weiqKq
yçka wms fofokdu ;s.eiaiS
.sfhuq' zbÈÉp fldia
f.ähla'''Z u,a,S ud ixiqka
lrjQfha h' uf.a y| .eiau
fndfyda ÿr hk ;=re wvq
fkdjQ neõ ug ye.=Ks'
nia kej;=u lrd jQ
ie;mqul ;rfï jQ ÿr wm
fofokd jeämqru .uka
lf<a ksy~ju h' lsishï
ìhckl brKul fijKe,s
wm fofokdgu olskakg
,enqKd ±Zhs ta .ek is;k
úg ug yef.a'
w;ru. § fkdfhl=;a oE
.ek lshjkakg is;g wd
uq;a uf.a Èj f.d¨ ù .sh
njla ug ±ksKs' zu,a,sfh
wdhsu;a b;sx tkak fjkafka
wks;a isxy, wjqreoaog ;uhsZ
hkqfjka lSug Èj w.gu
28

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

wdj;a uu tfia fkdlSfjñ'
<. § ,efnkakg hk w¨;a
;ek .ek fyda udre ùu
.ek fyda lshkakg ;rï
Wkkaÿjla o ug fkdùh'''''
lõo okafk Th udrej
,efnhs o lsh,d''''' uu ta
.ek wu;l lrkakg h;ak
±Íñ' wer;a ta kshñ;
Èkj, ,enqfKa kï fï uy
mdkaor hdug isÿfkdjk
nj o fõokdfjka isysm;a
lrkakg ug isÿúh'
f.a fmfkk f;la
udkh miqlr hkakg
u;af;ka uu kej; jrla
f.a foi yeÍ ne¨fjñ' nei
hk i| /iska me;a;la t<sh
jeà ;snQ tys ì;a;s yd jy,
wuq;= pu;aldr njla
okjkakg iu;a úh' nr
iqiqula iu.ska uu bka iuq
.;sñ' ud l=vd l, weiQ
l;kaorj, isá ud ukiska
ÿgq ì,a,ka udyg u;la
lrjñka uÕ fomi jQ .y
fld< w÷re i¨
fmdrjdf.k ksy~ju n,d
bkakg jQ w;r" we;eï úg
u| iq<.lska ie¨Kq o,a,la
ug ryila lshkakg ;e;a
l<d ±Zhs fkdo;af;ñ'
fjkod wefik l=re¨
lsÑìÑh o fkdjQfha Wka ud
olskakg wjÈ fkdù isá
ksid o" ke;akï f.d¨jka
fuka n,disá ksid±Zhs
meyeÈ,s fkdjqKs' fj,a
t<shg ms<smka uu u,a,S
msgqmiska kshr Èf.a msh
uksoa§ fnd,a mskakg
f;fuk fyhska mdjyka
.,jd wf;a t,a,d .;sñ'
wäfhka wähg is; ;=<
tl;= jkakg jQ ye.=ï
odufhka mqmqrd yef<kakg

;rï jQ mSvkhla ukig
±fkkakg úh' jßkajr <h
mqïnd by<g weo.;a" óÿï
msß msksuqiq iqiqñka tys nr
wvq lr.ekaug ug uy;a
fjfyila .kakg isÿúh'
r;a meye .ekaj .sh
wyia;,h miqìï lr .;a
fod¨lkao" l¨ wj;drhla
fuka ;=IaksïN+;j ud foi
n,d isákafka ±Zhs ye.Sula
fmd,a lSrla fuka yojf;a
yÈisfha wekS .sfhah' msks
;ejreKq ;Km;a uf.a
fom;=,a msßuÈkakg jQfha
wmuK fifkyiska heZhs
ug is;sKs' WoEik myka
t<sh <.djoa§ wm fofokd
f.d¨jka ìysrka fia nia
kej;=ug wdfjuq'
zwlafla" fj,dj lSho@Z
u,a,S ksyeçhdj ìkafoa h'
nia kej;=ug bÈßfhka
tys tyd me;af;a jQ myka
lKqfõ ±,ajqKq Bhï meye
t<sfhka hka;ñka fmfkk
T¾f,daiqj foi uu
wdhdifhka ne,Sñ'
zmyhs myhsZ uf.a uqúka
msgfj;au wE;ska u;= ù
wdfõ ud n,dfmdfrd;a;= jQ
iqÿ meye;s niaßh hs'
wdorKSh u,a,Sf.a oE;a
ñßld" iuq.;a uu nia
r:hg ke. wiqka .;sñ'
ljq¨fjka n,d kej;;a w;
jekQ uu" kej;S,d isá
u,a,S" ;s;la jk ;=reu yeß
yeÍ ne¨fjñ'
l÷ m,a,ï k.sñka
nisñka ud /.;a nih iS;,
óÿu w;ßka bÈßhgu
wefokakg úh' ud <.d
jkqfha fld;eklg±Zhs yÈis

;e;s.kakd iq¨ ye.Sulska
uf.a is; lïmkh ù
.sfhah' ljodj;a ke;sj ug
l=ula isÿjkakg hkafka±Zhs
uu uf.kau weiqfjñ'
ms<s;=re ke;sju hk uu
ljq¨fjka msg;g ne,au
fy¨fjñ' l¨ lïì,s
fmdrjd.;a" f;a o¨ fk<k
lïlre ,shka ysñÈßfha wä
mdrj,a Èf.a wefokakg
jQfha" wj;dr yd fyd,auka
f,isks' Tjqka ;=<ska ud
fjk od ÿgq iqkaor;ajh
fjkqjg ud tod ÿgqfõ
w;aN+; fijKe,sh' f;a j;=
ue¢ka .,d .sh Èh we<s
lsishï <fida .S;hl fYdalS
rdjhla kexjQ nj ug
ye.sKs'
l÷ j<,a,lska jg jQ
tla;rd k.rhl § ud /
f.k wd nifha .uk ksud
úh' bka bj;g meñKs uu
;du;a ksu fkdjQ .ufka
b;sßh i|yd jQ znihZ
n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka uÕ
whsfka /÷fkñ' fuf;la
ÿr ud iqrlaIs;j /f.k wd
iqÿ meye;s nih zb;sx
wdhqfndajxZ lshkakdla fuka
k<d y~la msglr ud
fj;ska bj;g we§ .sfha h'
mehlg fkdwvq ld,hla
uu tys /oS isáfhñ' bÈßmsg
jQ T¾f,daiq lKqfõ Wfoa
oyh igyka úh' f.oßka
msgj toa§ fndkakg fhÿKq
f;a fldamamfha l÷<laj;a ta
jk úg uf.a wdudYfha /§
fkdue;s neõ ug isysúh'
jßkajr biau;= jQ nv.skak
hgm;a lrkakg oeä
fjfyila .;sñ' lsishï iq¨
lEula imd f;a tlla
fndkakg uf.a is; lSj;a

znihZ ta w;r meñKsh
fyd;a hk ielh ta ye.Su
ue~meje;a ùh' ud tys
isák w;r;=r § ug w; mE
is.uka b,a¨fjda wgfofkla
jQy' bka fofofkl=u l=vd
w;orejka t,a,d .;a
ujqjre jQy' ;sfofkla jhi
tfld<y fod<y ;rfï
±ßfhda h' tla wfhla
wín.d; ;reKfhla úh'
Tyqf.a ldka;su;a oEi ;=<ska

fudjqyq
yeufokdu uf.a
wkqlïmdjg
n÷ka jQ whhs'
lsisÿ
uiqrelulska
f;drju uf.a
nE.fha ;snQ uqo,a
Tjqkg msÿfjñ'
Tjqyq
yeufofklau ug
È.disß me;+y"
.,d .sh ;dreKHh Tm l<
ne,au uf.a yoj; úksúo
.shd fia ±kqfKka uu jyd
Tyqg ldishla § bj;g
yerefKñ' wfkla fofokd
wkaO msfhla yd Tyqf.a w;
w,a,d .;a fld¨ meáfhla
úh'
fudjqyq yeufokdu uf.a
wkqlïmdjg n÷ka jQ whhs'
lsisÿ uiqrelulska f;drju
uf.a nE.fha ;snQ uqo,a
Tjqkg msÿfjñ' Tjqyq

yeufofklau ug È.disß
me;+y" ish¨ foú msysg
heoaody" hk .uk" lrk
ldßh im, jkakg me;+y'
uf.a wd;=r is;g Tjqka meka
biaidla fuka úh' uu
Tjqkg iskyjlska ia;+;s
lf<ñ'
wka;sfï § ud
n,dfmdfrd;a;= jQ znihZ
wE; jx.=fjka u;= jkq ÿáñ'
r;= ulrl= fuka meñKs th
.õ .Kkla ÿr isg Èjeú;a
fjfyi jQ úYd, i;l=
fuka" y;s,kakg jQfha" m*a
m*a m*a y~la iu.ska h'
tu y~ ud .s,.kakg
h;ak orkakdla fuka
wksh; ìhla ud ;=< cks;
lrjQj;a brKï .uk ud
hd hq;=u jQ neúka thg
k.skakg ;SrKh lf<ñ'
wkaO mshd iuÕ isá mqxÑ
tld wúksYaÑ;j ud foi
n,d isáoa§ u| iskyjlska
Tjqkaf.ka iuq .;a uu
fik. msß nihg
wmyiqfjka ke. .;af;ñ'
ug l,ska y;a wgfokl=
nihg f.dvjqj;a ug miqj
msgqmiqfika isáhjqkaf.ka"
^Tjqkaf.a jdikdjg foda&
tll=j;a nihg fkdf.ku
th msg;a úh' yqiau
.kakj;a fkdyels ;rug
nih u.Skaf.ka msÍ
mej;sKs'
fldkafodia;r ;ekf.a
;,a¨ lsÍï ksid" md
mqjrefõ we| jefgkakg isá
ug hdka;ñka bka Wvg
fomd ßx.jd .ekSug yels
úh' fik. msreKq nih
;=<ska bÈßhg fyda jgmsg
fyda lsisjla ne,Su i|yd
bv weì;a;laj;a fkd
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

29

,enqKq w;r" ta i|yd
Wkkaÿjla o ud ;=<
fkdùh'
nifha tkaðfï wfodakd
y~ uf.a foijka
mdrjkakg úh' th lkao
ke.Su wrUd we;s neõ ug
ta wkqj meyeÈ,s úh' áka
tll wvqla l< idäka
ud¨jl= fuka uu w;mh
lsisjla fid,jkq fkdyelsj
lsysm fofkl=g ueÈj isr ù
isáfhñ' meh ;=klau tA
whqßkau .uka lrkakg
we;eZhs uu wkqudk lf<ñ'
;j;a meh nd.hlska muK
uf.a kjd;ekg hd yels
fj;eZhs hk l,amkdj ug
tla;rd iekiSula ,nd ÿks'
nv.skak;a" msmdih;a hk
foflka uu fyïn;a j
isáfhñ'
miq.sh ksjdvq Èk lSmh
;=< § mjqf,a ieu yd tla
ù riú¢ ish¨ lEuîu cd;s
isyslrñka uu ;¨
uerefjñ' tfy;a ;¨
urkakg o fl< ì|la uqj
;=< fkdjQfKa ish,a, is|S
f.dia ;snQ neúks' ud leu;s
leú,sfmú,s ;kd fokakg
wïud fjfyi jQ ieá isys jQ
uf.a fofk;a uq,g l֬
ì÷ tl;= jkakg úh'
znv.skafka hkafka ke;=j
fuhska tlla folla ldmka
mqf;aZ lshd uf.a .uka
u,a,g wïud úiska Tnk
,o leú,s uq, ug u;la
úh' uu uf.a fomd uq, isr
ù tys w~qj muKla juf;a
meg,S ;snQ .uka u,af,a jQ
ri leú,s ukiska ri
ne¨fjñ'

30

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

wi,ska isáhl=f.a by<g
ti ù ;snQ w;l ne| ;snQ
T¾f,daiqj" uf.a fofk;g
yiq úh' ;j;a ñks;a;=
oyhl .ukska miq fï
isrue¢ßfhka ksoyia úh
yels fõ heZhs uu iekiqï
iqiqula fy,Sñ' yÈisfha u
nifha .uka fõ.h wvq úh'
ljqre;a l<n,fhka ysia
yrjkakg jQfhka ug o
t<sh ne,Sug bvla ,eìKs'
th uyd m%md;hla neõ ÿgq
uf.a we. ls<sfmd,d hkakg
úh' ta iuÕu u.Syq o thu
lshñka lE .ikakg jQy'
uf.a yoj; tkaðfï
fõ.hg jeäfhka
.efykakg úh'
z;j álla-;j állaZ
fldkafodia;rf.a wjika
lgy~;a iu. u fyK
msmsrjdla fuka nih
m%md;hg fmrf<kakg úh'
uf.a yoj; wä oyia
.Kkla isg tlajru my<g
weojefgk .=jka hdkhla
fuka lvd jegqfKah' uf.a
ysi hul ;Èka jefokq o"
isr ù hkq o ug ±ksKs'
tAydu uf.a fofk;a
wkaOldr ù lsisjla
fkdfmkS .sh w;r fmky¨
;oj .shdla fuka yqiau
.ekSu wmyiq úh" fn,a,
isrù .sfhah' ;o Tlaldrhla
yd jukh hkakg wdfõh"
ish,a, wu;l ù .sfhah'
fudfyd;lska uu ke.sg
.;sñ' je<fmkakka"
fl¢ß.dkakka yd
ÿjmkskakka w;f¾ uu
fiñka md jqfKñ' nifha
iqkanqkaj,g hg j ;e,S
fmdä ù .sh uf.a ysi yd
w;a md ug w÷kd .; yels

úh' wjqreoaog whshdf.ka
;E.s ,enqKq" ud we| isá
,doï mdg mqxÑ u,a .jqu
y÷kd .;fkdyels f,iska"
tfyu msákau f,hska f;;a
ù ;sìKs' uf.a wïud f,a
lsßlr fmdjd kej; f,hg
yer jQ ta reêr .x.dj ;=<
uf.a isrer keyefjñka
;sfnkq uu ÿáñ' uu uf.a
ysi w,a,d t<shg wÈkakg
W;aidy lf<ñ' ug th
fid,jkakgj;a fkdyels
neõ jegysKs' lE fudr fok
is.s;a;l= <.g uu Èj
.sfhñ' Tyqj jvd.kakg
W;aidy l< uq;a uf.a
w;mh ls%hdldÍ fkdjk
neõ ug mila úh' lkafoka
my<g ÿjf.k tk msßia
uu ±laflñ' uu Tjqka yd
tla ù ;=jd,lrejka
fírd.kakg Woõ lrkakg
iQodkï jqj;a lsisjl= ud
.Kka .kakd njla fyda ud
ÿgq njla fyda ug meyeÈ,s
fkdùh' uu uf.a isrer
jeà ;sfnk ;ek Tjqkg
fmkaùñ' ljqre;au ud lshk
foh f;areï.kafka ke;'
lsisjl=f.a ;o w;a myrlska
ud bj;g úis úKs' uu
mfilg ù ÿlska n,d
isáfhñ'
Tjqyq uf.a l=vq mÜgï jQ
isrer o bj;g weo.;ay'
zfï wr fodia;r fkdakd
fkao@'' .sh iqudfk;a uu
fnfy;a .;a;d" ksjdvqjg
.ug hkak biafi,a,d'
wmrdfoa jevla kE" ueß,d"
ueß,d@Z hkqfjka thu
Wiqrejñka uu uyd yçka
y~kakg ùñ' ud lshk foa
wefik flfkla tys
fkdùu ug bjish fkdyels

ÿlla úh' uf.a wïud"
;d;a;d" whshd yd u,a,S hk
whf.a rE" ud bÈßfha ueù
fmkS .sh w;r weismsh .eiQ
muKska tajd w;=reoyka úh'
ud kkakd÷kk wh
w;f¾ w;ruxj we;s neõ
ug meyeÈ,s úh' uf.a u<
l| u<jqka w;rg weo
ouoa§" ug jdjd.; fkdyels
ÿlla ±fkkakg úh'z wfka
fiñka fiñkaZ Tjqka tfia
lroa§ uu lE.id lSfjñ'
w;a md is÷Kqfjda frday,a
lrd f.k hkq ,oy' uu
uf.a u<l| wi,u
±jfgñka isáfhñ'
fyg Èk uf.a
rdcldßhg jd¾;d l<
hq;=h' tfy;a ud ke.sg
isákafka flfiao@ uf.a
lshd ljqre;a ke;s" uyd ure
l;rl ud ;ksù we;' uu
fiñka keó uf.a u<l|
msßlaid n,kakg h;ak ±Íñ'
tfy;a Bg fmr lsysmfokl=
úiska th Wiq,d .kq ,eìKs'
uu Tjqka miafia jegqfKñ'
uf.a nE.h ;e,S" fmdä ù"
ñßlS u~ f.dfydrejl
wvla .s,S ;sfnkq o "
rileú,s we;=¨ ish,a, uv
yd l<jï ù ;sfnkq o ug
±l .; yels úh' uu nE.h
.kakg keó .;sñ' tfy;a
uf.a w;g lsisjla yiq
fkdjqKs' yeä±ä whl= úiska
jgmsg n,d uf.a w;anE.h
f.k" ud ÿlfia Wmhd .;a
;=Ügq fol w;.d" ;u
idlal=jl rejd.kakd whqre
uu fõokdfjka n,d
isáfhñ'
uf.a u<l| ;j;a
u<l|ka y;rlg ueÈ ù"

mdr whsfka fm<g ;nd
;sìKs' uf.a ;kshg isáfha
u<jqka muKlah hk ye.Su
ug jdjd.; fkdyels
fõokdjla úh' l=vd
wjêfha ug u;l we;s
l,l mgka ud weiqre l<
ñ;=re ñ;=ßhka" kEoEhka"
uf.a frdayf,a ud yd tlaj
fiajh l< ld¾hh
uKav,fha whj¨ka" ud
tk;=re n,d isák .s,yqka"
uf.a kjd;efka ys;j;=ka
Th ljqrekq;a iefKlska
uf.a u;lhg ke.sKs'
wo ud fufia wjika
.uka hk neõ Tjqyq flfia
kï woy;a o@ uf.a úfhdaj
Wka flfia bjikq we;s o@
meh lSmhlg fmr Ôj;=ka
w;r isá ud ±ka u<jqka
w;rh hk ye.Su" ug jqj o
bjish fkdyelsj ;sìh §"
uf.a wdorKShhka th
flfia bjid .kq we;a ±Zhs
is;kakg mjd uu ìh ùñ'
uu uyd ÿlauykaisfhka
bf.k .;af;ñ' uf.a
ujqmshka ug b.ekaùu
i|yd ±ä ÿmam;alñka
ÿlaúkao nj uu oksñ' ug
lrk ,o ish¨ úhoïj,g
uu flfia kï Kh
f.jïo@ fodia;rjßhl ù
ug fiajh lrkakg ,enqfKa
jirlg;a wvq ld,hls' th
fld;rï w,am ld,hla o@
l÷j<,a,lg ueÈ jQ WKqiqï
úh<s uqvqìul jQ frday,l"
kyrje,a úh¨Kq" lr.eá ù
.sh YÍrj,ska hq;=" Èklg
tl fõ,laj;a n;la ke;s
wirK frda.Skg" lsß-uiaì;a;r lEug .kakgheZhs
lshkakg fkdyels j
<;fjñka" uu fldf;la

kï Tjqkaf.a ÿl-iem
fnodf.k" ta ld,h
fld;rï kï wmyiqfjka
f.jQfhïo@ ud uejQ isysk
l÷ j<¨ ;=<u isr ù
f.disks' uf.a fouõmshka
yg" fidfyhqrka yg ud
fjkqfjka lrk ,o ish¨
lemlsÍï i|yd" uf.a
oE;skau lrkakg isá oE ±ka
b;ska wjika neõ ug
meyeÈ,s fõ' lsisjl= wei
fkd.eiqk;a uu y~ñkau
tys isáfhñ'
úYd, g%la r:hla
meñKSfuka uf.a is;=ú,s
fudfyd;lg kej;sKs' Tjqyq
u< l|ka Bg mgjd .;ay'
uf.a u<l|g tlu tl
l÷<la fyda jefgkq we;a±Zhs
uu Tjqka foi n,d
isáfhñ' Tjqkaf.a uqyqKqj,
fYdalSnjla igyka ù
;snqK;a" ud n,dfmdfrd;a;=
jQ mßÈ l÷<la fkdjeáKs'
meñK isá ish.Kka w;r"
uf.a ljqreka fyda we;a ±Zhs
uu iEu uqyqKlgu
tfnñka fijQfhñ' wjidk
fudfydf;a fyda Tjqkaf.ka
flkl=" uf.au heZhs lsj
yels flfkl= ±l.kakg
fkdue;s ùu ug uyd ÿlla
úh' ie;mqï ish.Kkla
wE; tmsg isák Tjqka" Wfoa
fjka jk úg ismje<| .;a
Tjqka ud ñh .sh neõ
flfia kï woyd .kako@
kd÷kkd whf.a w;ska
megjqKq uf.a foayho /.;a
g%la r:h t;ekska msg;a úh'
;jÿrg;a n,d isáh
fkdyels jQ uu l÷ isidrd
fifuka yud hk iq<x
/,a,lg tla jqfKñ'•

2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

31

www.hem-of-his-garment-bible-study.org

l

.eye ksh
ms<n
s | ÿ/,sh hq;=
w÷re u;

,am ld,dka;rhla ;siafia f,dalhdf.a
ksrka;r w¾:l:khkag yiq ù ;e,S
fmdäjk kuq ÿ bjid jodrka f ka kï ta
.eyeksh hs' woH;k iudch o .eyeksh yd
weh iïnkaO ls%hdj,Ska foi n,kafka fmr
fia u l= l = f iks ' weh ms < s n | idïm% o dhs l
ks h uhka neyer ls Í fï fkdyels h djls k a
iudch ksr;=re fmf,a' ta kshuhka wehg
wNs f hda . hls ' wdl,a m fYda O kh jk ;dla
wúoHdj ÿre jk ;dla wE ish,a, ±rsh hq;=u
h' wd.ñlj iyiïnkaO ldrKd ixialD;shg
wE§ we;s neúka tjeks ldrKd ljf¾±Zhs úuiSu
jà'
f,da mqrd ls;= ne;su;=kaf.a nyqudkhg m;a
Y=oaO jQ nhsn,h o .eyeksh ks¾jpk lrhs'
wdoïf.a b, weghls k a uejq j dheZhs ls h k
.eyeksh yd iïnkaO u; mqo+-mQcd YdÍßl
ls%hdj,Ska kS;sÍ;s meyeÈ,s lrhs' úfYaIfhka
u ls%ia;= mQ¾j hq.fha ,shjqKdheZhs lshk tys
mqrdK .súiqu bÈßm;a lrk ldrKd ndyq,Hhls'

wmú;% ore Wm;
m%cd;ka;%jd§ fyda iudcjd§ rdcHhl kï
ujlg Wmkafka ÿjla o mq;l= o hkak .eg¨
we;s fkdlrkq we;' ta iudcfha hd yels ÿr
,sx.sl;ajfhka ;SrKh fkdlrk neúks' kuq;a
.eg¨ we;s ixialD;Ska we;' j;alug jvd
oEjeoaola msßkeñh hq;= úfgl ÿjlf.a Wm;
Ydmhls' Wmka yeáfha fn,a, ñßld urd ±óu
ta Ydmhg m%;sl¾uhls' fndfyda wrdì rgj,
ÿjlf.a Wm; w¾: úrys; fohls' mq;=ka je§u
ujlg wdvïnrhls'
32

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

nhsn,h olajkafka ore Wm;l § .eyekshla
wksjd¾hfhkau wmú;% jk njhs' jeo.;au
ldrKh msßñ Wm;la kï wE Èk y;la wmú;%
jk w;r ojia 33la Y=oaOheZhs lshk foaj,ska
wE;aù isáh hq;= ùuhs' kuq;a th .eyekq Wm;la
kï Èk 14la jk w;r ojia 66 lau Y=oaO foa
j,s k a wE;a ù is á h hq ; = ùuhs ' tkï iEu
.eyekshlf.au brKu ;Skaÿ jkafka wef.a
Wmf;a § u nj fkdfõo@ udi 10lg wdikak
ld,hla ujf.a l=i ;=< fmdaIKh jk l<,h
jeã orejl= f,iska fuf,djg cks; joa§ ta
iu.u fhdaks ud¾.fhka msgjk wmøjHhka
,sx.sl;ajh wkqj wvqveä jkafka flf<i±Zhs
lsisjl= fyda ikd: fldg ;sfí o@ ia;s% ,sx.hg
f,dalhd fu;rï ìh ukao hkak .eg¿jls'

msßñhd o wmú;% h
.eyeksh wmú;% h hk ldrKh wd.ñl
mqomQcdj, § idlÉPd flf¾' th yska¥ka fukau
fn!oa O d.ñlhka o wjOdkh fhduq lrk
fohls' .eyekshlf.a Tima ùu ls,a,ls' túg
wE Y=oaOia:dkhlg md ;eîu fkdl< ukdh'
tys úoHdkQl+, i;Hdi;HNdjh fldhs;rï jqj
o nhsn,h olajkafka .eyeksh muKla fkdj
ms ß ñhd o wmú;% i;a j fhla jk njhs '
.eyekshla Tima ù Èk y;la wmú;% jk w;ru
msßñhdf.a o Y=l% fudapkh isÿjkafka kï Èk
y;lau Tyq o wmú;% jk nj hs' tjka tll=
yd ihkh lsÍu iam¾Y ùu tlaj wiqka .ekSu
o kqiqÿiqh'

fomd¾Ya j fha u ,s x .dia Y s % ; j ms g jka f ka
fydafudakuh m%;sM, kï ta wmú;%lu iudk
ls Í u idOdrKh' kuq ÿ ls i s ÿ iudchla
msßñhdf.a wmsßisÿlu lsis od idlÉPd lrkafka
ke;'
z;ef,k hlvh Wv mek mek ;,kakd
fiaZ .eyekshf.a wmú;%lu muKla újdohg
.kS'

brKu úiok lkHdNdjh
fyd¢ka iakdkh fldg f.g f.dvjkafka
kï msßñhd iqofkls' .eyekshlg iqokl= úh
yela f la jrls ' ta lkHdNdjfha reêruh
ixfla;h iksgqyka jk wjia:dfõ muKls'
wehg iajdNdjfhkau lkHdmg,hla msysgd
keoa o @ th m<uq ,s x .s l tla ù fï §u ì§
fkdhk ;rï >klï o@ reêr ì÷jla msg
fkdùug ;rï ishqï o@ hkak fidhd n,k
jdr .Kk w,amh' nhsn,h olajkafka lsishï
ieñhl= g miq l d,S k j ìß|f.a lkHdNdjh
ms<sn| ielhla we;s ù fpdaokd lrkafka kï
wef.a ujq m s h ka i,l= K q iys ; frÈlv
m%cduQ,slhka fj; f.k hd hq;= njhs' i,l=K
;s n q f Ka kï fndre fpda o kd ls Í fï jrog
ieñhdg limyr § ߧ ldis 100 l ovhla
muKla kshu lrk nj hs' i,l=K ke;akï
ujqmsh ksfji bÈßmsg § ñksiqka f.a .,auq,a
myrg ,laj ñhe§fï brKu .eyekshg ysñ
fõ' ls i s ÿ wd.ula Nla ; s f hka fkdwoyk
;dlaIKsl f,dalfha msßñka fldf;l=;a kï
.eyekqkag óg iudk brKï w;alr foao@
fkdurd urhso@

m;sj; fkd /lSug o~qjï
újdyl ia;s%hlf.a m;sj; wef.a
f.!rjkShNdjhg fya;=jk jeo.;au idOlh
hs' wfma ixialD;sh wmg yqrelr we;af;a tf,i
is;kakgh' jrfoa nef|k .eyekq msßñ ljrl=
jqj mdmhg ,lajk nj fndfyda wh woy;s'
kuq;a tf,i t,a, jkafka ielhla u; jQ
fpdaokdjla kï m%;sM,h l=ula o@ nhsn,fha
tla;efkl i|yka jkafka m;sj; fkd/ls
njg iel is;d ieñhd úiska mQcljrhl= yuqjg
f.khk ìß|g fok o~qjula ms<sn|hs' jrola
fkdl< njg wE Èjqßh hq;=h' wehg ;Ska;

j¾.hla fndkakg fokafka miqjh' wE ks¾fodaI
kï jrola isÿ fkdfõ'
jro isÿlr we;akï Ydmh je§ ;Ska; úi
ù wE ñh hkq we;' wE ñh .s f ha ;S k a ;
úiùfuka heZhs ñ;HdoDIaálfhda fkdis;;s'
ñhhdfuka miqj o wE fpdaokdjg ,lalrkafka
m;sj; fkd/lSu ksihs' bia,dï Nla;sl we;eï
rgj, isÿflfrk zkïnqldr >d;kZ o fujeks
h' ia;s%hla wkdpdrfha yeisÍ we;ehs o fmïj;d
yd jqjo fmï l< muKska ,sx.slj tla ù
we;ehs o lkHdNdjh is|f.k we;ehs o iel
kï weh ïf,a É P f,i >d;kh lrka f ka
wef.au mshdh' fidfydhqrkah' ieñhdh' th
Èfha .s , a ù ula mq ¨ ia i d ±óula lmdfldgd
±óuls k a jeka k ls k a is ÿ l< yels h ' mjq f ,a
f.!rjh wdrlaId lsÍu i|yd lrkakla neúka
th zkïnqldr >d;khlsZ'

Èlalido úê
mqrdK .súiqfï i|yka ;j;a ldrKhla
jkafka Èlalidoh hs' ìß|lf.a fodila olsk
ieñhl=g Èlalido m;s%ldjla ,shd wE f.hska
msgux l< yelsh' kej; újdyhl ne¢h yels
jq j o fojeks ieñhdg o ,s h eú,a , ls k a
Èlalidoh § wE msgux l< yels h' ,sx.sl
msmdidj we;s msßñkag fndfyda ìßkaoEjreka
irK mdjd.ekS u g fujeks ls h uka
wdYs¾jdohls' .eyekqka .Kkdjlf.au m%fudaoh
,eîug;a wjia:djls'
.eyeksh tf,i w;er oeñh yels fuj,ula
fkdfõ' foõ iñ|dKka Èlalidohg úreoaO
nj nhsn,fhau i|ykah' Nd¾hdjg kmqre úh
hq;= ke;' f.!rj l< hq;=h' kj .súiqfï §
fÊiq i a jyka f ia m¾is j reka g mjika f ka
ffjYHdlu ksid ñi ìß|j Èlalido fldg
fjk;a újdyhl ne|S u ldufhys jrojd
yeiSÍula njhs' ienúkau fÊiqia jykafiaf.a
ta ;¾lh fld;rï i¾jld,Sko@
.eyeksh wuq;= i;ajfhlaao@ ñksid
mßKdufha § wdl,amo mßKduh úh hq;= fkd
fõo@ ish¨ u; ukeiska úpdrd n,kafka kï
.eyeksh ms<sn| w÷re ;eka ÿre jkjd we;'•

j;ai,d .uf.a
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

33

we

hg y~kakg l÷¿ ´kEjg;a jvd
;snqKs' neÆ neÆ w; o¿,Efõ ÿla
fida ;ejq , a ixldjka muKS ' kuq ÿ weh
uyfurla Wi ix;dmhg mhs k a .eiq f õ
iSrefjks' lsisfjl=f.a yõyrKla fkdue;sju
Ôú;h ke.sgqjdÆ weh wo wdmiq yeÍ f.jqKq
ld, mßÉfþoh iaurKh lrkafka ;Dma;su;a
is;sks wef.a wm%;sy; ffO¾hhka lemùula
fkdmiqniakd ù¾hhla ksid f.dvk.d .;a
wkd.;h kï yenEjgu iqkaorh' wo wef.a
f,djg lsß W;=rd we;' lsß fokqka úYd,
ixLHdjlf.a whs ; s l dßh jka f ka ; a m% f oa Y
.Kkdjlg ls ß yd ls ß wdYs % ; ks I a m dok
fndodyßk lka o j;a ; *dï ys ys ñ ldßh
jkafka;a wehhs'

y÷kd.ksuq

weh kñka ruKs iqNisxyh' fydrK oUr
mÈxÑ ruKs wjqreÿ 48 l ldka;djls' wkd.;hg
ieye,a¨j f.kd wef.a l;djg uu we¨ï
lf<ñ' wef.a Ôú;h ydrd wjq i a i d wmg
,nd.; yels foa fndfydah' oyila wNsfhda.
u; foda,kh jQ wef.a Ôú;hg uu l;d lf<a
tfyhsks'
lshkak neß ;rï lgql Ôú;hla úka|
.eyeKshla uu' fï l;dj uf. mqxÑ ldf,kau
mgka .kak tl fyd|hs' wfma ;d;a; lf<a
f.dú;eka jev' uu mjq f , jeäu,d" ug
kx.s,d u,a,s,d miafofkla ysáh' tA ldf,
wms mÈxÑ fj,d ys á fh' fydrK" uq K .u
r;akmqr mdrg lsÜgqj' idudkH fm< úNdf.ka
miafi ;j ÿrg;a bf.k .kak uu fm<Uqfka
keye' f.or wd¾Ól ;;a;ajh tAlg n,mEjd'
ux riaidj,a fydhkak mgka .;af; l=iaisfh
hqoafog Yla;shla fjkak' tA ldf, wo jf.a
.duka Ü ;s n q f K keye' ria i djla ls h ,
fydhd.;a;;a tA yeá fohla ;snqfK keye'
ldka;d fmd,sia ;k;=rg;a b,a¨ï l<d' tA;a
tA tllaj;a yß.sfha keye ug'Z
bÈßhg ;eîug tijQ mh .,a lrkakg
iQodkï fkdjQ weh' /lshdjla fkd,enqKd hhs
foia fofjd,a ;nñka ,;jqfka o ke;'
ux ;d;a;;a tlal f.dú;eka jev l<d'
wfma f.or yrla fo;=ka fofkla ysáh' tA
yeu jevlgu ldf, fhdojmq yskao ug ±kqfk
keye md¨jla' fï w;fr 1980 È ux újdy

34

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

ruKs iqNisxy uy;añh wef.a ñKsìßh iuÕ

Ôú;hg lsß
W;=rejd.;a

ruKs
jqKd' b,sU ykaÈfh thd fmdä lvhla l<d'
tAflka wmsg m%udKj;a wd¾Ólhla f.dvk.d
.kak neßjqKd' tÈfkod .eg¿j,g ux u.la
fyõjd" lsß álla úl=K.kak lfâ ;sífnd;a
fyd|hs lsh, uf. ys;g wdj;a uy;a;h tAlg
úreoaO jqKd' tA; ux lsß álla i,a,sj,g wrka
WKqlr," ólsß uqÜá 8 la ±ïu' fndre jev
lrkj ls h , uy;a ; h ug neka k ' tod

ruKs
? fjklx tl lsß uqÜáhlaj;a úl=K.kak
neßjqKd' ux nhg lsß uqÜáhlau ;kshu lEj'
hd¨fjl= g ;a tlla È, lefÜ lv, i,a , s
fmkakqj' wms ysáfh yria mdrl' jeäh fikÕ
tkafk keye tA mdfr' tAl yskao uu mdkÿrfydrK m%Odk mdr whsfk fmdä ueiaila
yodf.k ls ß ;s h d.;a ; ' to;a tl ls ß
uq Ü áhla j ;a úl= K .ka k neßjq K d' l¿jr
jegqku t<shla keye' ;eô,s fldaïnhlg
N+ñf;,a álla od, m;a;= lrf.k ux l,amkd
lr lr ysáh' ? 7'00 g ú;r we;s fj,dj'
uqia,sï lÜáhla fï fj,dfj weú;a k;r
l<d' ;=ka y;r fofkla neye, weú;a lsß
wrka ne¨jd' tlaflfkla wksla whg zk,a,
;hs¾Z lsõj' lsß uqÜá 16 u wrka .shd' tA
fj,dfj ug we;sjqK i;=g lsh, ksu lrkak
neye' uy;a ; hf.;a ier nd, fjka k
mgka.;a;d Bg miafi' fï úÈhg ál ál
uf. lsß fj<|du ire jqKd' tA;a ffojh
uf. i;=g Wÿr .kafk fldhs fudfydf;o
lsh,d n,d b|,d ;snqkd' 1996 § uy;a;h
uf.ka Wÿr .;af; tA yskao fjkak we;s'
orefjd ;=kafofkla tlal ux ;ksjqfka tA
úÈhghs' f.or fodf¾ jevhs orejkaf. jevhs
tlal ux wirK jqKd' ÿla lrorj,g uqyqK
fokak uu ffO¾h jeä lr.;a;'
weh is k d fjka k g wr wÈka f ka is h q ï
wdvïnrhla o iuÕsks' f,djg wefikakg
lshkakg fndfyda foa weh <Õ we;' wef.a
.uk kj;d,ka k g ls i s u n,fõ.hla
fmdfydi;a jqfha ke;' mq;=ka fofofkl= iy
ÈhKshl iuÕ fïf,dj ;ksjQ .eyekshla jQfha
weh muKlau fkdfõ' tA ksid weh ySkaiSrefõ
ke.sÜfÜh' tA lsisfjl=f.a ms<sirKla w;aje,la
,nd fkdf.kuh'
<uhskf
a .a úhou;a jeäfjk yskoa ug ys;k
=
lsß i,a,j
s ,g .kakjg jvd lsß yrla yeÿfjd;a
óg jvd ,dNhs fkao lsh,' tAlg bvlv ;sfhk
j;a ; la ´kE' tA ks i d ux ±ka bka k oUr
lkaoj;a; bvu i,a,sj,g wrka mÈxÑhg wdjd'
i;a;=kag wjYH ;Kfld< imhkak fjku
j;= ;sfhkj wo ug' fiajl fiaúldfjd iShla
ú;r wo ux hgf;a jev lrkj' tA ldgj;a
uu uf. hg;a fiajlfhd úÈhg i,lkafk
keye' wlafl" whsfh udfu kekafo lsh,hs
l;d lrkafk' ld tlal;a iqyoj úfkdafoka

ldf, f.jkjd' wo uu uf. ksIamdok iqmsß
fj<|fmd, olajd ÈhqKq lrf.k ;sfhkj'
fj<|fmd, jeäfjk fldg m%jdykh myiq
fjkak ux jdykhla .;a;' uq,a ldf, ßhÿfrla
ysáh;a Tyq udfika foflka bj;a ù .sh ksid
tA ld¾h;a uuu lrf.k hkak mgka .;a;'
uu uq,skau fld<U úvh yjqia tlghs lsß
±ïfu' wo ojilg lsß ,Sg¾ yh y;aiShla
.kak mq¿jkalu ;sfhkj ug" lsß WKq lrkak
ldka;dfjd y;r fofkla f.or jev lrkj'
tA whf. mjq,a /flkafk fïflka' wo ug
jdyk lSmhla ;sfhkj' f;a" fmd,a tAjf.au
t<j¨ u[a f [dla l j.d lrka k bvï
;sfhkj' wo;a uu u[af[dlal wlalr 5 la
ysfgõj' uql=Kqjekak j.djl=;a lrkak ys;d
bkakj' uf. ish¨u ksIamdok lghq;=j,g
yjq,afjk foiShla ú;r msßi yd tA whf.
mjq , a hefmka k uf.ka ' tA l ug úYd,
wdvïnrhla' wdmyq yeß, ne¨ju uu uf.
wd¾Ólh jeä ÈhqKq lr.;a; jf.au ;j;a
fndfyda msßilf. wd¾Ólhg;a fkd±kqj;au
Yla;shla fj,d ;sfhkj' tfyu n,kfldg
we;af;kau uu fhdaO .eyeKshla'
weh iskdfjkafka we;a;gu wdvïnrfhks'
tA wdvïnr iskdj wehg ñi lsisfjl=g Wreu
fkdjk j. uu oksñ' weh tA iskdfjkau
n,kafka weh ,o iïudk foih' tAjd wef.a
Ôú;hg ;j;a myka jegla jekak' jvd Wia
uy;a fkdjQ idudkH isrerlska hq;a weh fhdaO
.eyeKshla jQfha wef.au W;aidyfhks' ujq
moúfhka o Tíngu .sh weh wo ñ;a;kshl
o ù isák Ôú;fha ,eìh hq;= ish¨ iem iïm;a
,eîug ;rï flá ld,hla ;= < weh
jdikdjka; jQ wmQrej'
Y%u Yla;s ixúOdkfhka 2001 jif¾§ Èßh
ldka ; d iïudkh ,enQ weh 2007 j¾Ifha
l¨;r Èia;%slalfhka o" niakdysr m,df;ka o
Y%S ,xldfjka o m%:u ia:dkh Èkd .ksñka
fyd|u ls ß f.dúhd f,ig flrefKa
.eyeKshlg l< fkdyels fohla weoa±hs hk
m%Yakhg ms<s;=re imhñks' bka fkdkej;=k
fï l=vd Èßh .eñ .eyeKsh 2007 È iKi
ixj¾Ok nexl=j u.ska msßkeuQ zW;a;udúZ
iïudkfhka o msÿï ,nd rggu wdo¾Yhla
iuia; ldka;d mrmqrgu wdo¾Yhla imhñka
W;a;udúhla jQjdh'
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh
2008 ² 3 l,dmh ² weh

35
35

WKql< lsß ilik whqre

´ fndfyda ksryxldrh' l;d-ny" .uk
ìuk yeisÍu ;ju;a tod fj,a t<sfha luf;a
fldrgqfõ ÿj mek kegQ .eñfl,a, ú,iuh'
ks,a fld<j,ska w; ñg ire jqjo rka lsre,ska
ysi nr jeä jqjo wef.a lsisÿ fjkila ke;'
weh wdvïnrh lrms k a k d .;a .eyeKs h la
fjkjd fjkq j g W;a i dyh foda ; g .;a
.eyeKshla jQjdh'
2007 rdcH iïudkfhka miafia uu Èhr
lsß jHdmdrhg;a fm<Uqkd' ±kg Èhr lsßy,
lS m hl= ; a ;s f hkj' tl ls ß y,la fydrK
frday,g ,nd ÿkak' Èklg lsß fldamam 150 la
200 la w;r m%udKhla wf,ú lrkak mq¿jka
t;kska' fhda.Ü" ó lsß" jeks ksIamdokh;a fï
tlalu wf,ú fjkjd' óg wu;rj fydrK
úlafgdaßhd j;af; ;j Èhr lsß wf,ú y,la
mj;ajdf.k hkjd' tA jf.au l;r.u jeks
m%dfoaYj,;a lkaoj;a; Èhr lsßy,a wdrïN
lsÍug uu lghq;= lr ;sfnkjd'
uf.a yeu ksIamdokhlau Wiia m%ñ;shlg
msßisÿjg ,nd ug uu ks;ru lghq;= lrkjd'
uu u fidhdn,d lsÍu úfYaIhs' bÈßfha §
kj ksIamdokhla f,ig fhda.Ü" uqojdmq lsß
jg,mamka yd mDDÜ ie,â ksIamdokh lsÍug
n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjkjd'
uf.a ish¨u jev fmr ie,iqulg wkqj
lrf.k hEug uu mqreÿ ù isákjd' Èkm;du
mdkaor 4'00 g ke.sg, nqÿkag u,a myka mQcd
lr, oji wdrïN lsÍu isß;ls' Wfoa 6'00
olajd fmd;a m;aj, jev lghq;= lrkjd' 6'00
ls ß f.g .s y s k a 7'00 jk úg fmr ojfia
ks I a m dok fj<| fmd,g heùug lghq ; =
36

weh ² 3 l,dmh ² 2008

lrkjd' f.or fodf¾ jev lr, wgyudr
fjkfldg uu *dï tlg hkjd' 10'00
fjklï i;a;=kaf. lghq;= fí;a-fya;a fi!LH
;;a;ajh fidhd n,kjd' yji y;r - myyudr
fjklï uf.a ksoyia fj,djhs' my yudrg
lsß uqojk lghq;= n,, wf,úie,aj,g msg;a
fjkjd' kej; y;yudrg ú;r f.or weú;a
wdfh;a fmd;am;aj, jev lrkjd' rEmjdyssksh
keröug ojfia rd;% S 8'00-9'00 meh fjka
lrf.k ? 10'00 jk;=re kej; fmd;aj,
lghq;= lrkjd' ? 10'00 uu kej; *dïtlg
.syska i;a;=kag wdmod f,v frda. ;sfhkjo
ls h ,d fidhd n,, f.a Ü gq fyd¢ka jy,
;sfhkjo lsh,d iel yer, n,kjd' fï úÈhg
uf.a oji ux wr mßiaifuka m%fhdackhg
.kakjd' óg wu;rj isl=rdod yd ;j;a ojila
uu ksIamdok hjk lvj, ;;a;ajh fidhd
n,kak;a T*Siaj,g hjk nvqj, ;;a;ajh
fidhd n,kak;a fhdod .kakjd' nvqj, .=K
w.=K fj<|fmd, ;;a;ajh yd fiajlhskaf.a
wvq m dvq ms < s n | fu;k§ ux wjfnda O
lr.kakjd'
ux ,xldfjkau fyd|u lsß f.dúhd úÈhg
rdcH iïudk .;a;dg miafia zz.eyeKshl=g
mq¿jka o@ TÉpr lrkak Th ldf. yß *dï
tlla fmkak, fjkak we;s iïudk .;af;
lsh,ZZ fkdfhla l;d me;sreKd' kuq;a ux
fï jHdmdrh wdrïN lr, ÈhqKq lf<a iïudk
n,df.k fkfjhs' ueIskaj,ska lsß .kak;a
j;=r ngj,ska i;a;= kdjkak;a myiqlï we;s
lrf.k b;du msßisÿ by< uÜgulskqhs uu
fï f.dúm, lrf.k hkafk' wo ug fndfyda
msßñ .re lrkj' .EKsfhl=g fï jf.a fohla
lrka k nE ls h , ls h kj kï tA l
wkjfndaOfhka lrk m%ldYhla' wo i;a;= yok
fndfyda msßñ ux <Õg tkj fí;a-fya;a .ek
jf.au fkdfhla Wmfoia ,nd.kak' tl ug
Yla;shla' tA jf.au jevg neiaiu msßñ oy
fofkl= f . jev ux ;ks h u lrkj' tA l
úfYaIhs'
´kElu yd lemùu ;s f íkï ´kEu
.eyeKs h lg f,da l h yev-jev lrka k g
wd¾Ólhg w;aje,la jkakg neßlula fkdue;s
nj wef.a oEi mqrd k,shk i;=g wmQrejg
lshdmdhs'•

úkS;d udfk,a .uf.a

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