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Compass Constructions

Copying A Segment

Step #1:
Start with the original segment

Step #2:
Using a straightedge, draw a line that is longer than the original segment

Step #3:
Place the needle of the compass on point A and the pencil on point B

Step #4:
Transfer the distance to the drawn line, making an arc

Step #5:
Label the new points A and B. Then erase the excess line.

Bisecting a Segment

Step #1:
Place the needle of the compass on point B and the pencil on a point about 3/4 across the segment

Make a semi-circle

Step #2:
Maintaining the same distance on your compass, repeat step #1 from point A

Step #3:
Label the points of intersection of the semi-circles points C and D

Step #4:
Using a straightedge connect points C and D

CD is the perpendicular bisector of AB