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Acute Meningitis

Acute

A disease of sudden onset or short duration Inflammation of meninges

Meningitis

Causes
Bacteria Viruses

Bacterial meningitis less common but more severe Viral meningitis more common but less severe

Bacterial Causes Neonates


Group B Streptococcus Escherichia coli

Children to adults
Haemophilus influenzae Neisseria meningitidis Streptococcus pneumoniae

Viruses
Enteroviruses (Coxsackie, Echo) Herpes simplex virus type 2 Polio

Symptoms
Fever Headache Vomiting

Signs
Neck Rigidity Kernigs sign

Diagnosis
Blood complete picture Raised TLC

Cerebrospinal fluid Routine Examination CSF culture