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thirdlessoninductionmotor-091228113853-phpapp01.ppt

thirdlessoninductionmotor-091228113853-phpapp01.ppt

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Published by Manish Tiwari
induction motor
induction motor

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Published by: Manish Tiwari on Aug 30, 2013
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08/30/2013

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CLIL experience

Content and Language Integrated Learning

3rd Third lesson

therefore power factor of induction motor decreases but total current drawn will increase upon the increased voltage at no load. When power factor is equal to 0.Three-phase induction motor OBJECT: To study the effect of applied voltage on power factor & current drawn by 3-Фinduction motor • The induction motor consists of a stator and rotor. So an induction motor is like a transformer with stator forming primary winding and rotor forming the secondary winding with the small air gap in the magnetic circuit. • Upon increasing voltage at no load. The advantage of using two wattmeter method is. we can also measure power factor along with power consumed. reactive current drawn by induction motor will increase. . The stator is connected to the three phase supply & produces a rotating magnetic field. • Here power is measured by two wattmeter method.5 one wattmeter will show 00 Watt 2 but the second will give some reading.

One of them is no load test. • Balanced three phase voltages are applied to the stator terminals at the rated frequency with the rotor uncoupled from any mechanical load. they can be approximated from different tests.e core (magnetizing reactance) and mechanical losses for at this condition power consumed is basically because of these losses.Three-phase induction motor OBJECT: To carry out no load test of 3-phase induction motor • For the performance analysis of induction motor. Speed. In those cases where motor parameters are not readily available from the manufacture. we need to have motor parameters. current. voltage and power are measured at the motor input. • Purpose of this test is to find out no load losses i. 3 .

Three-phase induction motor OBJECT: To carry out no load test of 3-phase induction motor APPARATUS 1. Voltmeter AIMS 2. Two wattmeters 4. Ammeter 3. speed-meter (tachometer) CIRCUIT DIAGRAM •no load losses mechanical losses Iron losses magnetizing reactance •no load current •factor power rpm L1 V L2 L3 Wa Wb A 3phase M VT Induction motor 4 . Auto transformer 5.

• Start the motor without load at the 10% plus of the rated voltage and frequency. • Choose the connection: star or delta • Make the circuit as shown in figure. • Repeat the test with decreasing voltages until the motor speed decreases significatly. • Disconnect the load connected.Procedure • Choose the apparatus and measuring instruments. • Note down the readings of all instruments connected. 5 .

Results READINGS n.Observation . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 V [V] I0 [A] Wa [watt] Wb [watt] speed [rpm] P0 [watt] Q0 [var] ELABORATIONS Pc= PI&S+ 2 PF&Wo cosf 0 Rph*I [watt] [watt] V 6 .

ELABORATIONS 3R ph  I 02  Copper _ losses P0  3Rph  I  I & S  F &W 2 0 I & S  Iron _& _ Stray _ losses F & W  Friction _& _ Windage _ losses   meccanical _ losses P0  Wa  Wb 2 Pcopper  3Rphase  I 0 Q0  3Wa  Wb  Q0 cos  0  cos arctg P0 2 I & S  P0  3Rph  I 0  F &W 7 .

8 .RESULTS • Diagram Fig. 2: No-load losses separation diagram.

Separation loss c i W0  WF &W  Wi  Wc W0 = losses at no-load WF&W = friction and windage losses WI = iron losses WC = 3RI2 = stator winding losses 9 .

57 0.60 1.2 186.42 1.0 252.1 7.5 182.8 18.Results READINGS n.9 162.2 65.6 PI&S [watt] 17.5 27.5 Q0 [var] 95.Observation .4 199.3 134.24 7.5 125.29 0.0 -252.0 145.38 1.0 174.90 4.7 V 8100 10000 14400 19600 25600 32400 40000 48400 57600 Rph= 1.8 76.79 0.10 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 V [V] 90 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 I0 [A] 1.0 210.0 620.3 87.80 2.5 47.7 671.42 Ω V8/V1= 5.9 W 108.5 53.8 108.5 17.5 -130.5 192.5 303.5 37.29 1.5 -7.6 1511.3 144.48 0.0 19.2 290.70 0.1 8.4 186.6 10.5 290.0 Wb [watt] 57.0 225.5 speed [rpm] 2915 2933 2955 2967 2975 2980 2983 2985 2987 P0 [watt] 170.0 172.3 W (P8-PAV)/(P1-PAV)=V8/V1= P0-PC-PAV= 10 .5 232.1 415.1 28.5 320.8 35.7 254.63 0.5 195.2 952.0 420.35 0.5 8.9753 PAV(F&W)= PI&S= 145.2 242.0 167.0 367.1 211.9 13.9 165.5 -67.33 1.25 Wa [watt] 112.2 ELABORATIONS Pc= PI&S+ 2 PF&Wo cosf 0 3Rph*I [watt] [watt] 0.87 0.2 233.5 40.

30 0.70 0.00 0.Power Factor Cosf0 1.90 0.80 0.50 0.00 0.20 0.29:220 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 cosf0 11 .40 0.60 0.10 0.

Separation loss 400 375 350 325 300 275 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 0 20 40 60 80 PC PI&S PF&Wo 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 P0 [watt] PI&S+ PF&Wo [watt] 12 .

0 10.0 V2 (103) P0 [watt] PI&S+ PF&Wo [watt] 13 .0 50.0 30.0 60.0 20.0 40.Separation loss 400 375 350 325 300 275 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 0.

What is the procedure in order to carry out no load test of 3-phase induction motor? 14 . Why is the power measured by two wattmeter method? 3.Answer to the following questions 1. What instrument can the motor speed be measured with? 5. How will the power factor vary if the voltage supply decreases? 2. How much is the percentage on the current at no load I0 compared with rated current IN? 6. Which wattmeter will show 00 Watt? 4.

Speed-meter ………………………… 15 . Stator core losses ………………………… Hysteresis and eddy current ………………………… Magnetizing reactance Power factor ………………………… ………………………… 5. 2. 4. 3.Translate the following words: 1.

... they can be carried out from different tests. and rotor forming the …………….e. 16 5. winding.. with stator forming ……. i. 3. 2. Purpose of no load test is to find out …………………. core ……………………….and ……………………. 4.Fill the gaps 1.5 one wattmeter (Wb) will show ……………………………………. When power factor is smaller than 0. One of them is …………………….. power factor of induction motor ……………………… In those cases where ……………………… are not readily available from the manufacture. Upon increasing voltage at no load.. An induction motor is like a …………….…….

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