# Practice Trigonometry I 1. In ΔABC, AB = 4 m, BC = 3 m and ∠ABC = 90o.

Find (a) tan ∠CAB, (d) sin ∠ACB, (b) (e) tan ∠ACB, cos ∠CAB, C (c) (f) sin ∠CAB, cos ∠ACB.

A

B

2. In ΔPQR, ∠PQR = 90o and tan ∠RPQ = 5/12. Find (a) tan ∠PRQ, (d) cos ∠PRQ, (b) (e) sin ∠RPQ, sin ∠PRQ. R 5 P 12 3. In ΔXYZ, ∠XYZ = 90o, XZ = 20 cm and sin ∠ZXY = 3/5. Find (a) YZ, (b) 20 cm X Z XY, Y (c) tan ∠ZXY. Q (c) cos ∠RPQ,

4. In the diagram, ΔABC is a right-angled triangle. AB = 12.6 cm, BC = 9.2 cm and ∠ABC = 90o. Find the values of b, x and y. C b cm A x 12.6 cm 5. In the diagram, PQ = 3 m, PR = 6 m and ∠PQR = 90o. Find (a) QR, (b) ∠PRQ, (c) ∠QPR. R P 6m 3m Q
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y 9.2 cm B

F 80 cm o D 30 E 7. (b) the perimeter of ΔDEF. (c) ∠BAC. D 12 m 17 m B 9m C X 9. (b) the length of BC.6. In the diagram. ∠XYZ = 40.1o Y Z 8. CD = 17 m and ∠ABC = ∠ACD = 90o. B 4 cm P Page 2 of 6 A 6 cm 8 cm C . A (b) ∠BAD. Calculate (a) the length of AP. AB = 12 m. ∠FED = 90o and EF = 80 cm. In ΔABC. AC = 8 cm and P is a point on BC such that AP is perpendicular to BC and BP = 4 cm. BC = 5 cm and CD = 4 cm. AB = 12 cm. AB = 6 cm. ∠ABC = ∠ADC = 90o. BC = 9 m. (c) ∠YXZ. Find (a) YZ. (c) the area of ΔDEF. In ΔDEF. 12 cm A (b) B ∠BAD. In a quadrilateral ABCD. XY = 16 cm. In the diagram. 16 cm 40. Find (a) AD.1o and ∠XZY = 90o. ∠FDE = 30o. (b) XZ. 5 cm C 4 cm D 10. Find (a) DF. Calculate (a) AD.

Find (a) the height of the building. The angle of depression of P from the balloon is 22.2o B A 13. Calculate the height of the helicopter above the road. (b) the angle of depression of B from the top of the building. (b) the distance between A and P. The angle of elevation of the top T of the tree from P is 15. Calculate (a) the height of the balloon above the ground. How tall is the tree? T B 30 m 15.2o.9o.9o 25. giving your answer to the nearest metre. T A 30o 500 m F 800 m B 14.2 km. H 100 m P 22. A point P is at the same level as the base B of a tree and is 30 m from B. A hot air balloon B is anchored to a point P on horizontal ground by a taut rope of length 100 m.6o and the angle of depression of B from H is 18.6o P A B 1. the angle of elevation of H from A is 25. which is on the same level as P.11.3o. They are 500 m and 800 m from F respectively. A hot-air balloon B is anchored to the ground at a point P. Two points A and B on the road are on opposite sides of P. The angle of elevation of T from A is 30o. A helicopter H is hovering above a point P along a horizontal road. In the diagram. The balloon is vertically above point A. H L 18.3o P 12. It is given that AB = 1. T and F are the top and foot of a vertical building respectively. The angle of elevation of B from Q is 60o. A is a point on the ground vertically below the balloon. Point Q lies between A and P such that PQ = 100 m. A and B are points on opposite sides of the building and are on the same horizontal level as F. Find the height of the balloon above the ground.2 km 15. Page 3 of 6 . The angle of depression of P from B is 40o.

40o B P 60o 100 m Q A End of Practice Page 4 of 6 .

Calculate (a) the volume of the cone. A 102o B 50o P 20 cm C 2. Calculate (a) the perimeter of the shaded region. (b) the perimeter of ΔABC. The diagram shows a solid cone. He also observes a ship S further out at sea. OT cuts the circle at B. The angle of depression of S is 8o. The diagram shows a circle with centre O and radius 10 cm. AP is perpendicular to BC. It is given that AB = 10 cm and the vertical angle AVB = 40o. T 24 cm B A 10 cm O 3. V 40o 10 cm A B 4. (b) the total surface area of the cone. where F is the foot of the cliff. AB is a diameter of the base and V is the vertex. ∠ABC = 50o and BC = 20 cm. A man is at the top T of a 200 metre vertical cliff TF. How far is the ship from the lighthouse? T 200 m F Page 5 of 6 8o 10o S L . Calculate (a) the area of ΔABC. ∠BAC = 102o.Homework Trigonometry I 1. He observes that the angle of depression of a lighthouse L at sea is 10o. TA is perpendicular to the radius OA. In the diagram. It is given that TA = 24 cm. (b) the area of the shaded region.

T A 30o 100 m B 45o F 6. so that ABC is a triangle. The diagram shows three circles of radii 1 m. Calculate (a) ∠ABC. 2 m and 3 m with centres A. The diagram shows 2 circles with centres at A and B and radii 3 cm and 5 cm respectively. B A D C 7. A man at a point A notes that the angle of elevation of the top T of a building is 30o. He walks 100 m along a horizontal road towards the building and reaches point B. The angle of elevation of T from B is 45o. giving your answer in cm2. Find the height of the building. (b) Find the shaded area. Each circle touches two of the other circles. The circles touch each other and the line DC is perpendicular to the radii AD and BC. B and C respectively. (a) Show that ABC is a right-angled triangle.5. A B C End of Homework Page 6 of 6 . (b) the area of the quadrilateral ABCD.