Blue Beach Art & Aesthetics 4/2/13

Barrett Ch.4 Anal&Interp

IMAGES: Artist, Jacob Lawrence (source: http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/2aa/2aa302.htm )
IMAGE 1 10 points Jacob Lawrence,

Harriet Tubman series No. 10, 1939-40, Casein tempera on gessoed hardboard, (Hampton University Art Museum, Hampton, Virginia)

The beauty of this work is that it transcends the "Art World" and stands in the greater context of human history. Harriet Tubman would be one of those figures. A quite flat work. Tubbman.html) Form: The form in this work is one of near "coloring book" style. admiration and rememberance. non the less we are given a sense of mass and space via the juxtaposition of color. The values are consistant to the tone while the main texture is one of messy appeal. although if one considers the fact that this work is one in a series. Context: The context of the work seems obvious.org/wp-content/casein-tempera) Casein is an organic compound that is generally made from curds of milk.jacobandgwenlawrence.S. This would not do justice to the individual work. The context of this work. As one in a series we could simply say that the work is #10 in a series of X works done by the artist during year of our Lord. Tubman not only was a key figure in the liberation of many slaves but also a Union spy during the Civil War. Tubman was an escaped slave who became a leading abolitionist before the American Civil War. in the eyes of a person of color. The context of this peice from my meager perspective. the artist nor the series of paintings. who may still have living relatives who can recall the devistation of the effects of slavery. it gives way to a variety of interpretations of its place. (harriettubmanbiography. block shapes and interelation of objects. respect. on a rocky outcrop reaching toward a radiant.org/wiki/Jacob_Lawrence) It depicts a figure.wikipedia. puzzle peice color. . There is no utilization of outline for object seperation. (ogumc. This dark colored work is representative of the style of painting that Lawrence himself dubbed as "Cubist" in nature. (www. is one of pride. The artist accomplishes the desired compositional necessities in the same manner. star filled sky in a gesture that simultaneously appears hopeful and defiant.com) Medium: The medium that Lawrence used for this work is Casein Tempera which is commonly utilized as a form of glue. instead a stark contrast of block colorization is used.org/teaching04. Tone is used to great effect in this same fashion with a dark pallette overall. (http://en. etc. and series. Subject Matter: The subject of this work is Civil Rights icon Harriet Tubman. exhaultation. history. is going to have a very different concept of this work than an "Anglo" will. people and places in U.Description: This painting is one of a series that the artist did concerning famed African American icon Harriet Tubman. If a person is not African American by birth it is nearly impossible to have the same perspective towards certain events. The work falls in the vein of a majority of Lawrences work which centered around the great figures of black culture in America.

org/edu_lesson01a_body. 4. http://www.html) This work is No. 1939-40." Casey Cassidy. "A distinctive feature of Lawrences paintings is his usage of a narrative. this is a painting by Jacob Lawrence with the subject matter of Harriet Tubman and her impact.IMAGE 2 10 POINTS Jacob Lawrence.html . as a means of telling the story of iconic Negro heroinne Harriet Tubman. sequentially. The painting. Casein tempera on gessoed hardboard. Hampton. historical documentary. (Hampton University Art Museum.x. Lawrence effectively painted the Tubman works. (http://www. 4 in the series that tells the story of Harriet Tubman. is intended to tell an overall story.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1993/4/93.08. Virginia) Description: As with the previous peice.yale.04. as he did with his more famous "Migration" series. Harriet Tubman series No.jacobandgwenlawrence. like others in the series.

1938-39. The brushwork of the color blocking is left evident and a seemingly simplistic brush work gives us the effect of a child like style of painting. 21. Lawrence utilizes Casein Tempera. Casein tempera on gessoed hardboard. Form: Again. shade and shadow and instead focuses on the blocking in of colors to create his effects. Context: This painting as with the others in the Tubman series were done as a story line in which the life and accomplishments of "the Moses of her people" are depicted. Virginia) Description: In Lawrence's own words: "If at times my productions do not express .Subject Matter: The subject of the work is four black painted figures engaged in a joyous and exhuberant round of dance. Hampton. Titled as part of the Harriet Tubman series this particular work does not depict its namesake. Lawrence refrains from the utilizing of line.html IMAGE 3 10 POINTS Frederick Douglass series No. Hampton University Art Museum. There isn't much in the way of composition as the four figures are simply placed in a circle.org/edu_lesson01a_body. Medium: As with other paintings in this series. however perspective is achieved by simply placing figures higher on the picture plane. a versitile medium that can be mixed with a wide variety of bonders or vehicles.jacobandgwenlawrence. www.

or possibly one of many correspondances with U.S. Iconic Civil Rights Leader. The context of the work is one of shame. culturally and ethically for America. Subject Matter: Frederick Douglass. Not until WWII would African Americans even begin to be considered in any way as "equal" to whites. or the gessoed board. . dedicated to the predecessor of Malcom X and Martin Luther King Jr. Powerfully effective in its starkness. a time in American history that was not at all kind to those of African descent. penning what may have well been one of the many books that he authored. there is always an effort to express the universal beauty of man's continuous struggle to lift his social position and to add dimension to his spiritual being. The peice was painted during the late 1930's. Frederick Douglass. just simplified blocked in color and simple composition.com/people/frederickdouglass-9278324?page=4) Medium: Sometimes overlooked." http://www. No outline. Context: This work.the conventionally beautiful. no overt utilization of line for forms affect.. The composition is more cluttered than some of the other work Lawrence created but has the telling perspective that he often used. (http://www. Former Slave. putting Douglass higher on the picture plane than other objects in scene.biography. is one in a series of paintings that Lawrence became masterful at executing. There was as of yet no "Civil Rights Movement" to speak of. feeling and message than mere paint alone can accomplish. Famously Lawrence utilized the medium of series to convey deeper thought.tfaoi. Iconic leader Frederic Douglass is the focal point of this painting and he is depicted engaged in one of the activities that brought him fame and acclaim. but also the concept of "series".com/aa/2aa/2aa302. Presidents or other dignitaries. no matter what the Emancipation Proclaimation or Bill of Rights said. Goverment Official. the paintings may not be of a traditional vein of "beauty" but stylistically they are coherant and cohesive in their fait accompli. Genius. and all the works that Lawrence constructed. and this setting further strenghtens the sublimity of the subject. The work portrays Douglass in a room. The fact that this series. Author. Here this medium is used to utmost effect. were done by a Black male from Harlem prior to the 1960's and recieved acclaim is a major coup by any stretch of the imagination. Form: The simplified nature of the rendering of subject matter is one that Lawrence came to be known for. writing. As he said himself. the vehicle that carries the subject of Frederick Douglass in this work is not only the Casein tempera.htm This is a painting of famed Civil Rights leader and former slave.

he here depicts events that give us some context of not just the namesake. Subject Matter: As Lawrence was wont to do in his series paintings. 1940-41.IMAGE 4 10 POINTS Frederick Douglass series No. 1941" (http://www.tfaoi. utilizing a versitile type of tempera called Casein. this peice is done on hardboard. Lawrence created five historical sequences overall. Frederick Douglass. As with many other works that Jacob Lawrence composed. the other three are Toussaint L'Ouverture. Virginia) Description: This work is a painting from a series of such works by Lawrence that focused on the life and times of famous Civil Rights icon. "Including these series. Douglass.com/aa/2aa/2aa302.htm) This particular painting depicts the moments that will inevitable end with the lives of the slaves who are in tow in the scene. 193738. but also of the time in history that the individual occupied. The Migration of the Negro. . 1938-39. Hampton. Casein tempera on gessoed hardboard. Hampton University Art Museum. and John Brown. During the life and times of Frederick Douglass. Chronologically this work falls in with a number of other series works which were early on in the artists development. A haunting yet accurate portrayal of life for Negros at the time. 13.

Rather than change. painted early on in the career of Lawrence. Of great significance is his exclusive use of opaque. and details change—in a manner reminiscent of a film. but also one of necessity. During this time in the U. Charlies" are seen high on horse. The painting is one in a series on the life of Frederick Douglass. strong diagonals. In all of his work.HTML Forms: I think that the author at phillipscolletion. the setting propels the story. rather. The people are not individualized. Not necessarily the case when it comes to the work of Jacob Lawrence. water-based paints. so consistent. figures dominate. This study seeks to document Lawrence's approach to his materials and techniques over a sixty-year period. that the formula he follows for building a composition has changed little from the beginning of his career. As the narrative unfolds. (19301940's) an African American painter from Harlem. Some pictures are self-contained. Of equal importance is his process. Although Lawrence used a limited palette.org gives one of the best and most telling descriptions of the form and nature of Lawrences work with this statement: "Searing in their immediacy. they represent collective characteristics. However.. various papers. and contrasts of light and shadow contribute to the dynamism of the images.org/RESEARCH02B_BODY. angular forms. leading their tortured property before an agast. and hardboard. the vantage point.htm Context: The context of this painting is one which Lawrence would have been all too familiar with.org/research/american_art/artwork/LawrenceMigration_Series2." http://www. Medium: "The medium is the message". from image to image. the choice and use of materials would have been not just an aesthetic issue. in others. yet gawking crowd of onlookers. compositions." http://www. It is painted during a time when . his working method has matured over the years.. the works show only essential imagery. The white "Mr. in fact.S. and the appearance of his work is strongly influenced by his choice of media.the United States racist South. "It was in these depression-era centers that he became familiar with tempera paints. the human content is paramount. illustration board. which dictates the techniques that he has developed for creating lively compositions from two-dimensional shapes. Lawrence made all of his tempera paint himself as we are told by Elizabeth Steele. but his steadfast utilization of tempera may give us some insight into the context of the work. Flattened.phillipscollection. Marshall McLuhan. In some panels. others are more expansive. Lawrence never lost sight of the human drama.jacobandgwenlawrence. which is meticulous and consistent. he arranged the colors to form focal points to direct the viewer's attention.it would not have been at all unusual for African Americans to be rounded up if they were engaged in fleeing or if they were being carted off for sale or being punished for whatever sin their Anglo oppressors deemed a transgression.

Harriet Tubman. NY. Who is doing the telling? The hearing? The telling is done by a black male and the hearing should be done by us all.A. mostly the generation who saw many of the events depicted. For whom does it exist? The work exists for us all as a record of the great lives. Specifically. Lawrence made the paintings for his own community in Harlem. whites. i. and more specifically A.. Primarily the work exists specifically for Blacks that live in the Harlem area of New York City. struggles and accomplishments of these great American heroes. Frederick Douglass and those who would have been involved in the life an times of these individuals. I think they exist for the world.e. if any recognition. as they depict an important and triumphant spirit and subject. .there were few African American artists that got much. iconic heroes and those involved in the lives of these folks. Who is represented? Primarily African Americans. INTERPRETATION 10 POINTS As part of your interpretation of these works (they are related as a body of works) include answers to these questions: For whom was it created? The series was created for African Americans. if anything of the Negro struggle. They were also a form of communicating to the broader audience of Americans who knew little. Personally.

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