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1.
In Diagram 1, the function f maps set A to set B and the function g maps set B to set C.
Determine
(a) f (3 )
(b) g(1)
(c) gf (3)
[ 3 marks
]
Answer : (a) ……………………..
(b) ……………………...
(c)....................................
2. Given function f : x → 3 − 4x and function g : x → x
2
− 1, find
(a) f
−1
,
(b) the value of f
−1
g(3).
[ 3 marks
]
Answer : (a) ……………………..
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3
2
3
1
For examiner’s
use only
f g
Diagram 1
Set A Set B Set C
3
1 6
2
(b) ……………………...
3 Given the function f (x) = 4x, 0 ≠ x and the composite function f g(x) =
x
16 −
. Find
(a) g(x),
(b) the value of x when g(x) = 8.
Answer : .........…………………
4 Solve the quadratic equation
( ) ( )( ) 3 2 5 2 + − = − x x x x
. Give your answer correct to
four significant figures.
[ 3 marks ]
Answer : .........…………………
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For examiner’s
use only
3
4
3
3
[3 marks]
3
5 (a) Given x =
4
2
−y
, find the range of x if y > 10.
(b) Find the range of x if x
2
− 2x ≤ 3. [4 marks]
Answer : .................................
___________________________________________________________________________
6 Diagram below shows the graph of a quadratic function
) (x f y =
. The straight line
9 − = y
is a tangent to the curve
) (x f y =
.
a) Write the equation of the axis of symmetry of the curve.
b) Express
) (x f
in form of q p x + +
2
) ( , where p and q are constants.
[ 3 marks ]
Answer : (a) ……........................
(b) ……........................
7 Solve the equation 32
4x
= 4
8x + 6
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3
6
For examiner’s
use only
For examiner’s
use only
) (x f y =
0
1
7
y
y = 9
x
Diagram 1
4
[3 marks]
Answer : ..................................
8. Given log
5
3 = 0.683 and log
5
7 = 1.209. Calculate
(i) log
5
1.4,
(ii) log
7
75.
[ 4 marks]
Answer : ...................................
9. Solve the equation
log
x
16 −
log
x
2 = 3. [3
marks]
Answer : ......................................
10. The first terms of the series are 2, x , 8. Find the value of x such that the series is a
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3
7
3
9
4
8
For examiner’s
use only
5
(a) an arithmetic progression,
(b) a geometric progression. [2 marks ]
Answer : ....……………...………..
11. The sum of the first n terms of an arithmetic progression is given by . 13 3
2
n n S
n
+ =
Find
(a) the ninth term,
(b) the sum of the next 20 terms after the 9
th
terms.
[3 marks]
Answer: a)…...…………..….......
b) ....................................
12. Given that
1
0.166666666.....
p
=
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3
8
2
10
4
11
For
examiner’s
use only
6
0.1 ............ a b = + + +
[ 3 marks
]
Find the values of a and b. Hence, find the value of p.
Answer: a =...….… b =….......
p = ........................
___________________________________________________________________________
13. Diagram 2 shows a linear graph of
x
y
against x
2
x
y
Given that
x
y
= hx
2
+ k, where k and h are contants.
Calculate the value of h and k. [3 marks]
Answer : h = ………………..…….
k = ……………….....…...
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(4,1)
(1,5)
x
2
●
●
3
13
4
12
For examiner’s
use only
DIAGRAM 2
7
14. The equation of a straight line PQ is
3
x
+
2
y
= 1. Find the equation of a straight
line that is parallel to PQ and passes through the point (−6 , 3). [3
marks]
Answer : .…………………
15 Given u =
9
7
dan v =
−
3
1 p
, find the possible values of p for each of the
following
case:
(a) u and v are parallel, [2 marks]
(b)
v u =
. [2
marks]
Answer : a)…………………..
b) ………………………
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4
15
3
14
8
16 P
The diagram above shows
→
OR
= r,
→
OS
= s,
→
OP
and
→
PQ
are drawn in the square
grid.
Express in terms of r and s.
(i)
→
OP
(ii)
PQ
uuur
.
[ 3 marks ]
Answer: a)
OP
uuur
= …….…………...
b) PQ
uuur
=...………………..
___________________________________________________________________________
17. Solve the equation 3 cos
2
θ + sin 2θ = 0 for
0 0
360 0 ≤ ≤θ . [ 4 marks ]
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R S
Q
r s
O
4
16
4
17
For examiner’s
use only
3
16
9
Answer: …...…………..….......
18.
Diagram above shows a length of wire in the form of sector OPQ, centre O.
The length of the wire is 100 cm. Given the arc length PQ is 20 cm, find
(a) the angle θ in radian, [2 marks]
(b) area of the sector OPQ. [2 marks]
Answer: a)……………………
b) …………………
___________________________________________________________________________
19. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve
3
) 5 (
5
−
=
x
y
at the point (3, 4).
[2 marks]
Answer:………………………
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2
19
4
18
For examiner’s
use only
P
Q
O
θ
10
20. A roll of wire of length 60 cm is bent into the shape of a circle. When above the
wire is heated, its length increases at a rate of 0.1 cms
−1
. (Use π = 3.142)
(i) Calculate the rate of change of radius of the circle. [2 marks]
(ii) Hence, calculate the radius of the circle after 4 seconds. [2 marks]
Answer: …...…………..….......
___________________________________________________________________________
21. Given
4
0
( ) f x
∫
dx = 5 and
3
1
( ) g x
∫
dx = 6.
Find the value
(a)
4 1
0 3
2 ( ) ( ) f x dx g x dx +
∫ ∫
, [1 marks]
(b) k if
3
1
[ ( ) ] g x k x dx −
∫
=14. [2 marks]
Answer: a) ……………………..
k =.……………..………
22. A chess club has 10 members of whom 6 are men and 4 are women. A team of 4
members is selected to play in a match. Find the number of different ways of
selecting the team if
(a) all the players are to be of the same gender,
(b) there must be an equal number of men and women.
[3 marks]
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5
20
3
21
3
22
For examiner’s
use only
11
Answer: p = …………………….
.
23. (a) Given that the mean for four positive integer is 9. When a number y is added to the
four positive integer, the mean becomes 10. Find the value of y.
[2 marks]
(b) Find the standard deviation for the set of numbers 5, 6, 6, 4, 7. [3 marks]
Answer: …a)...…………..….......
b) ...............................
___________________________________________________________________________
24. Hanif , Zaki and Fauzi will be taking a driving test. The probabilities that Hanif ,
Zaki and Fauzi will pass the test are
1 1
,
2 3
and
1
4
respectively. Calculate the
probability that
(a) only Hanif will pass the test
(b) at least one of them will pass the test.
[ 3 marks ]
Answer: ……………………………
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For examiner’s
use only
3
24
5
23
12
25. Diagram below shows a standard normal distribution graph.
Given that the area of shaded region in the diagram is 0.7828 , calculate the value of k.
[ 2 marks ]
Answer: …...…………..….......
END OF QUESTION PAPER
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2
25
For examiner’s
use only
k
k z
13
JAWAPAN
1 (a) −1 (b) 6 (c) 6 13 h = 2 , k = −7
2
(a) f
−1
=
3
4
x −
(b)
5
4
−
14 3y = − 2x − 3
3
(a) g(x) =
0 ,
4
≠
−
x
x
(b)
2
1
− = x
15
(a)
3
10
(b) −10, 12
4 3.562 , 0.5616 16 (b)(i) 3r + 2s (ii) − r − 3s
5. (a) x < − 3 (b) −1 ≤ x ≤ 3 17 90°, 123° 41’, 270°, 303° 41’
6 a) 4 = x
b) 9 ) 4 ( ) (
2
− − = x x f 18
(a)
2
1
(b) 400
7 x = 3 19 15x + 16y −109 = 0
8 ( i) 0.209 (ii) 2.219 20 ( i) 0.01591 cms
−1
(ii) 9.612
9 x = 4 21 (a) 4 (b) k = −2
10 a) 5 b) 4 22 14 553
11 (a) 64 ( b) 2540 23 (a ) 14 (b) 1.020
12 a = 0.06 , b = 0.006 , p = 6 24 (a) 9/35 ( b) 5/6
25 k = 1.234
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SECTION A
[40 marks]
[40 markah]
Answer all questions in this section .
1. Solve the equations x
2
− y + y
2
= 2x + 2y = 10.
[5 marks]
[ Answer x = 2, y = 3; x =
2
5
, y =
2
5
]
2 Given kx
2
− x is the gradient function for a curve such that k is a constant. y − 5x + 7 = 0 is the
equation of tangent at the point (1, −2) to the curve.
Find,
(a) the value of k, [2 marks]
(b) the equation of the curve. [3 marks]
[ Answer k = 6 ]
[ y =
2
7
2
2
2
3
− −
x
x ]
3
Diagram 3
Diagram 3 shows a string of length 125π cm is cut and made into ten circle as shown above .
The diameter of each subsequent circles are difrent by 1 cm from its previous.
Calculate,
(i) the diameter of the smallest circle ,
(ii) the number or a circle if the length of a circle is 400
[6 marks]
Answer : (b)(i) 8 (ii) 21
4 Table 2 shows the frequency distribution of the marks of a group of form 4 students in a test.
Mark Number of students
20 – 29 2
30 – 39 10
40 – 49 36
50 – 59 55
60 – 69 k
70  79 5
(a) It is given that the first quartile score it 44.5. Find the value of k.
[ 3 marks ]
(b) [ Use the graph paper to answer this question]
Using the scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 10 students on the vertical
axis, draw a histogram based on the given data. Hence, estimate the mode mark
[ 3marks ]
(c) Calculate the mean marks.
[2 marks ]
[ Answer k = 12, mode = 52.25 mean = 55.81
5 a) Prove that
θ sec
1
 θ sec =  θ θ tan sin
[3 marks]
(b) Sketch
x y 2 sin 1− =
for π ≤ ≤ x 0 . Hence using the same axes , draw a suitable straight
line to find the number of solutions of the equation
0 2 sin = −x x π
. State the number of
solutions [ line
] 1 +
−
=
π
x
y
, 4 number of solution ]
[5 marks]
6 5x
A B
4y P
D C
x
In the diagram above,
→
AB
= 5x,
→
AD
= 4y and
→
DC
= x.
(i) Express,
(a)
→
AC
(b)
→
BD
in terms of x and y. [2 marks]
(ii) Given
→
AP
= h
→
AC
and
→
BP
= k
→
BD
.
State
→
AP
(a) in terms of h, x and y,
(b) in terms of k, x and y.
Hence, or otherwise, prove that h = k. [5 marks]
Answer (i)(a) 4y + x, (b) −5x + 4y (ii)(a) h(4y + x) (b) ( (5 − 5k)x + 4ky; k =
6
5
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SECTION B
[ 40 Marks ]
Answer four equations from this section.
7 Table 7 shows the values of two variables x and y ,obtained from an experiment. Variable x and y are
related by the equations y = ab
–x
, where a and b are constants. One of the value of y is wrongly
recorded.
x 1 2 3 4 5
y 41.
7
38.
7
28.
9
27.
5
20.1
(a) Plot log 10 y against x.
(b) By using your graph find,
(i) the value of y which is wrongly recorded and determine the correct value
(ii) the value of a and the value of b
(iii) the value of y when x = 2.5 .
8 y
y = a
Q y = x
2
+ 1
x
−
3
1
O
3
1
(a) Refer to the diagram above, answer the following question:
(i) Calculate the area of the shaded region.
(ii) Q is a solid obtained when the region bounded by the curve y = x
2
+ 1 and the line y = a is
revolved through 180° at the y  axis. If the volume of Q is
2
1
π unit
2
Find the value a.
[6 marks]
(b) Find the equation of tangent to the curve y = 2x
2
+ r at point x = k. If the tangent
passes through the point (2, 0), find r in terms of k.
[4 marks ]
[Answer 16. (a)(i)
81
56
(ii) a = 2 (b) y − (2k
2
+ r) = 4k(x − k); r = 2k
2
− 8k ]
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Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.
9.
y U(5, 6)
T(0, 4)
x
O V(p, q)
W
Diagram above shows the vertices of a rectangle TUVW in a Cartesian plane.
(a) Find the equation which relates p and q by using the gradient of UV.
[3maks]
(b) Shows that the area of the ∆ TUV can be expressed as p −
5
2
q + 10. [2marks]
(c) Hence, calculate the coordinates of V given the area of the rectangle TUVW is 5 unit
2
.
[3marks]
(d) Find the equation of the straight line TW in the intercept form. [2marks]
10
Diagram above shows a sector MJKL of a circle centre M and two sectors, PJM and
QML, with centre P and Q respectively. Given the angle of the major sector JML is 3.6
radian.
Find,
(a) the radius of the sector MJKL, [2 marks]
(b) perimeter of the shaded region, [2 marks]
(c) the area of sector PJM, [2 marks]
(d) the area of the shaded region. [4 marks]
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[ Answer 11. (a) 4.795 (b) 27.24 (c)
2
25
]
11 (a) In a centre of chicken eggs incubation, 30% of the eggs hatched are male chickens.
If 10 newly born chickens are chosen at random, find the probability (correct to four
decimal places) that
(i) 4 eggs hatched are male chicken,
(ii) at least 9 eggs hatched are female chickens. [4 marks]
(b) The mass of guava fruits produced in a farm shows a normal distribution with
mean 420 g and standard deviation 12 g. Guava fruits with mass between 406 g
and 441 g are sold in market, whereas those with mass 406 g or less are sent to the
factory to be processed as drinks.
Calculate,
(i) the probability (correct to four decimal places) that a guava fruit chosen
randomly from the farm will be sold in the market,
(ii) the number of guava fruits that has been sent to the factory and also not sold
in the market, if the farm produced 2 500 guava fruits. [6 marks]
[ Answer (a)(i) 0.2001 (ii) 0.1493 (b)(i) 0.8383 (ii) 100 ]
Sections C
Answer two questions from this section.
12 .
A• •B
P 8 m Q
In the diagram above, P and Q are two fixed points on a straight line such that
PQ = 8 m. At a certain instant, particle A passes the point P with a velocity
V
A
= 2t − 6, whereas particle B passes the point Q with a velocity V
B
= 5 − t where t
is time in second after the particle A and the particle B have passed the point P and the
point Q.
[Assume direction P to Q is the positive.]
(a) Find the distance between the particle A and particle B at the instant when particle
A stopped momentarily.
[3marks ]
(d) Find the time, t
1
, when the distance between the particle A and particle B is maximum before the
two particles meet.. [ 2 marks ]
(c) For how long the two particles A and B are moving in the same direction?
(d)(i) Find the time, t
2,
when the particles A and B meets.
(ii) Hence, find the distance from the point P when the two particles meet.. [3 marks ]
[Answer (a) 27
2
1
m (b)
3
11
s (c) 2 s (d)(i) 8 s (ii) 16 m ]
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13 A small factory produces a certain goods of A model and B model. In a day, the factory produces x units of
A model and y units of B model where x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0. Time taken to produce one unit A model and one unit
B model is 5 minutes and minutes respectively. The production of these goods in a certain day is
restricted by the following conditions:
I. The number of units of A model is not more than 60,
II. The number of units of B model is more than two times the number of units of A model by
10 units or less.
III. The total time for the production of A model and B model is not more than 400 minutes.
Write an inequality for each of the above condition.. Hence draw the graphs for the three inequalities. Marks
and shades the region R which satisfy the above conditions.
Use your graph to answer the following questions:
(a) Find the range of the number of units of A model which can be produced if 40
units of B model are produced.
(b) Find the total maximum profits which can be obtained if the profit gained from
one unit of A model and one unit of B model is RM 6 and RM 3 respectively.
(c) If the factory intends to produce the same number of units of A model and
B model, find the maximum number of units which can be produced for each o A model and B
model.
Answer x ≤ 60, y − 2x ≤ 10, 5x + 4y ≤ 400 (a) 15 ≤ x ≤ 48 (b) RM435 (c) 44
14 . Diagram 6 shows a quadrilateral ABCD such that ∠ABC is acute.
D
9.8 cm
5.2 cm
C
A
40.5°
12.3 cm
9.5 cm
DIAGRAM 6
B
(a) Calculate,
(i) ∠ABC,
(ii) ∠ADC,
(iii) area, in cm
2
, of quadrilateral ABCD.
[8 marks]
(b) A triagle A’B’C’ has the same measurements as those given for triangle ABC,
that is, A’C’ = 12.3 cm, C’B’ = 9.5 cm and ∠B’A’C’ = 40.5°, but which is
different in shape to triangle ABC.
(i) Sketch the triangle A’B’C’.
(ii) State the size of ∠A’B’C’.
[2 marks]
Answer . (a)(i) 57.21°  57.25° (ii) 106.07°  106.08° (iii) 82.37°  82.39°
(b)(i) C (ii) 122.75°  122.79°
A B
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10. Table 2 shows the price indices and percentage usage of four items, P, Q, R, and S,
which are the main ingredients of a type biscuits.
Item Price index for the year 1995
based on the year 1993
Percentage of usage (%)
P 135 40
Q x 30
R 105 10
S 130 20
(a) Calculate,
(i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM37.70
(ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its
price index in the year 1993 based in the year 1991 is 120.
[5 marks]
(b) The composite index number of the cost of biscuits production for the year 1995
based on the year 1993 is 128.
Calculate,
(i) the value of x,
(ii) the price of a box of biscuit in the year1993 if the corresponding price in the
year 1995 is RM 32.
[5 marks]
[ Answer (a)(i) RM 29 (ii) 162 (b)(i) 125 (ii) RM 25 ]
Section C Alternative
Answer two questions from this section.
12. Diagram 6 shows
STQ ∆
such that ST = 12.1 cm and TQ = 9.5 cm.
The area of the triangle is 45 cm
2
and
STQ ∠
is obtuse.
(a) Find
(i)
STQ ∠
[
° = ∠ 47 . 128 STQ
or ' 28 128° ]
(ii) the length, in cm, of SQ [19.49 cm]
(iii) the shortest distance, in cm, from T to SQ. [4.613] [ 5 marks]
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 8
S
T
Q Diagram 6
Diagram 7
(b)
Diagram 7 shows a pyramid TPQR with a horizontal triangular base PQR. T is vertically above Q. Given
that PQ = QT = 5 cm, TR = 13 cm and
° = ∠ 15 PRQ
.Calculate two possible values of
PQR ∠
[∠PQR = 126.60
o
and 23.40
o
]
(c) Using the acute
PQR ∠
in (i), calculate
( i) the length of PR [7.673]
(ii) the value of PTR ∠ [29.42
0
]
(iii) the surface area of the plane TPR [22.58] [ 5marks]
13. shows the bar chart for the monthly sales of five essential items sold at a sundry shop. Table 3 shows their
price in the year 2000 and 2006, and the corresponding price index for the year 2006 taking 2000 as the
base year.
Sugar
Rice
Salt
Cooking Oil
Flour
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
units
Diagram 2
Items
Price in the
year 2000
Price in the
year 2006
Price Index for the year
2006 based on the year
2000
Cooking Oil x RM2.50 125
Rice RM1.60 RM2.00 125
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 9
R
T
Q
P
5 cm 13 cm
5 cm
Salt RM0.40 RM0.55 y
Sugar RM0.80 RM1.20 150
Flour RM2.00 z 120
TABLE 4
(a) Find the values of
(i) x,
(ii) y
(iii) z. [x=2.00,y=137.5,z=2.40] [3 marks]
(b) Find the composite price index for cooking oil, rice, salt, sugar and
flour in the year 2006 based on the year 2000. [131.17] [2 marks]
(c) Calculate the total monthly sales for those essential items in the year 2006,
given that the total monthly sales in the year 2000 was RM 150.[3 marks]
[120]
(d) the composite index for the year 2008 based on the year 2000 if the monthly sales of those
essential items increased by 20% from the year 2006 to the year 2008.
[157.40] [3 marks]
14. Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.
The Mathematics Society of a school is selling x souvenirs of type A and y
souvenirs of type B in a charity project based on the following constraints :
I : The total number of souvenirs sold must not exceed 75.
II : The number of souvenirs of type A sold must not exceed twice the number of souvenirs of type
B sold.
III : The profit gained from the selling of a souvenir of type A is RM9 while the
profit gained from the selling of a souvenir of type B is RM2. The total profit must not be less
than RM200.
(a) Write down three inequilities other than x ≥ 0 dan y ≥ 0 which satisfy the above constraints.
[ Answer x + y ≤ 75 , x ≤ 2y and 9x + 2y ≥ 200]
[3 marks]
(b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 10 souvenirs on both axes, construct and shade the region R
which satisfies all the above constraints. [ 3 marks]
(c) By using your graph from (b), find
(i) the range of number of souvenirs of type A sold if 30 souvenirs of type B are sold.
[ 16 ≤ number of A type souvenirs sold ≤ 45]
(ii) the maksimum which may be gained. [Answer RM 500]
[4 marks]
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15. An object, P, moves along a straight line which passes through a fixed point O.
Figure 8 shows the object passes the point O in its motion. t seconds after leaving the point O , the
velocity of P, v m s
─1
is given by v = 3t
2
– 18t + 24. The object P stops momentarily for the first time at
the point B.
P
O B
Figure 8
(Assume rightispositive)
Find:
(a) the velocity of P when its acceleration is 12 ms
– 2
, [9 ms
– 1
] [3 marks]
(b) the distance OB in meters, [20 m] [4 marks]
(c) the total distance travelled during the first 5 seconds. [28 m] [ 3 marks]
12.
(a) (i) Use area formula
45 sin ) 5 . 9 )( 1 . 12 (
2
1
= STQ
° = ∠ 47 . 128 STQ
or ' 28 128°
(ii) Using cosine Rule
cm SQ
STQ SQ
49 . 19
cos ) 5 . 9 )( 1 . 12 ( 2 5 . 9 1 . 12
2 2 2
=
− + =
° = ∠ 05 . 29 TQS
(iii)
5 . 9
05 . 29 sin
h
=
or equivalent
= 4.613 cm
(b)
° ° ° ° = ∠
= ° × =
=
°
141.60 , 38.40 @ ' 36 141 , ' 24 38
6212 . 0 15 sin
5
12
sin
sin
12
15 sin
5
QPR
p
p
∠PQR = 180
o
– 15
o
– 38.40
o
@
∠PQR = 180
o
– 15
o
– 141.60
o
∠PQR = 126.60
o
and 23.40
o
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 11
(c) (i)
°
=
° 15 sin
5
23.4 sin
PR
cm 7.672
4 . 23 sin
15 sin
5
PR
=
° ×
°
=
PR = 7.673 cm
(ii) Use Cosine Rule
cos ∠PTR =
8710 . 0
) 50 )( 13 ( 2
) 672 . 7 ( ) 50 ( 13
2 2 2
=
− +
∠PTR = 29.42
0
(iii) Area ∆ PVR =
° 42 . 29 sin ) 50 )( 13 (
2
1
= 22.58 cm
2
13.
(a) (i) x = 2.00
(ii) y = 137.5
(iii) z = 2.40
(b) Use composite index formula
17 . 131
30 60 50 100 80
) 30 ( 120 ) 60 ( 150 ) 50 ( 5 . 137 ) 100 ( 125 ) 80 ( 125
=
+ + + +
+ + + +
=
−
I
(c)
76 . 196
17 . 131 100
150
2006
2006
RM P
P
=
= ×
(d)
40 . 157
100
17 . 131 120
120
2008
2000
2008
2006
=
×
=
=
I
I
14. (a) The three inequalities are
x + y ≤ 75 , x ≤ 2y and 9x + 2y ≥ 200
(b) refer by graph
(c) (i) 16 ≤ number of A type souvenirs sold ≤ 45
(ii)Maximum profit
= RM [ 9(50) + 2(25) ]
= RM500.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 12
1
Answer all questions.
1. Function f is defined by
¹
¹
¹
)
¹
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
≥ −
≤ −
·
3 ,
2
3
2
11
3 , 2
) (
x x
x x
x f
Find the range corresponding to the domain 4 0 ≤ ≤ x [3 marks]
Answer : ……………………..
2. Given the function f: x
→
2x + 5 , g : x
→
5
2 + x
and fg: x
→
5
n mx +
,
where m and n are constants , find the value of m and of n,
[2 marks ]
Answer : m =…………………….
n =..............................
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2
2
3
1
For examiner’s
use only
2
3. Diagram 1 shows part of the mapping of x to z by the function
b ax x f + → :
followed
by the function
c y
c y
y g ≠
−
→ ,
12
:
. Calculate the values of a, b, c and d.
[ 4 marks]
Answer: a=………b=………c=………d=…………..
4. If the xaxis is a tangent to the curve 3 3
2
− · + p px x , find the values of p.
[3 marks ]
Answer : p =.........………
5. Given
α
and
β
are the roots of 0 1 4 2
2
· + − x x . Form the quadratic equation with
roots
2
α and
2
β .
[ 4 marks ]
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For examiner’s
use only
3
4
For examiner’s
use only
4
1
12
6
3
d
Diagram 1
3
Answer : .................................
___________________________________________________________________________
6. Given the quadratic function of f(x) = 6x − 1 − 3x
2
.
a) Express the quadratic function f(x) in the form k + m(x + n)
2
, where k, m and n are
constants.
b) write the equation of the axis of symmetry
[ 3 marks ]
Answer : (a) .……........................
(b) ……........................
7. Find the range of values of x if ( ) 5 2 3
2
− + · x x x f always positive.
[3 markah]Puncapunca bagi persamaan 0 3 3 10
2
· − + − k x x adalah dalam nisbah 2 :
3.
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4
5
3
6
For examiner’s
use only
4
[3 marks]
Answer : ..................................
8. Simplify and state your answer in the simplest form
1 2 3 1 3
125 5 5
− − +
− +
n n n
.
[2 marks]
Answer : ...................................
9. Solve the equation
1
9 24 9
y y +
· +
.
[3 marks]
Answer : ....................................
10. Given
) 3 ( log log 2
9 3
+ · + m k
, express k in terms of m.
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3
7
3
9
3
8
For examiner’s
use only
5
[4 marks]
Answer : ....……………...………..
11. Solve the equation
) 3 2 ( log log
9 3
+ · x x
[3 marks]
Answer: …...…………..….......
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3
8
4
10
3
11
6
12. Given that the
th
n term ,
n T
n
4 20 − ·
for an arithmetic progression. Find the sum of
the first 12 terms of the progression.
[3 marks]
Answer: …...….………..….......
___________________________________________________________________________
13. Given the sum of the first 3 terms of a geometric progression is 567 and the sum of
the next three terms of the progression is −168. Find the sum to infinity of the
progression.
[4 marks]
Answer : …………………….
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4
13
4
12
For
examiner’s
use only
7
14. Given that the sum of the first three terms of a geometric progression is 13 times the
third term of the progression. If the common ratio, r > 0, find the common ratio.
[ 2 marks ]
Answer : .…………………
15. Diagram 2 shows the graph of log
2
y against log
2
x. Values of x and values
of y are related by the equation y =
x
k
n 2
, where n and k are constants.
Find the value of n and the value of k.
log
2
y
(5, 6)
(2, 0)
[4 marks]
Answer : n= ..……k=……….
16. Diagram 3 shows a semicircle KLMN, of diameter KLM , with centre L.
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2
14
For examiner’s
use only
For examiner’s
use only
log
2
x
Diagram 2
0
*
8
Given that the equation of the straight line KLM is
1
3 4
· +
y x
and point N( x , y )
lies on the circumference of a circle KLMN , find the equation of the locus of the
moving
point N.
[ 3 marks ]
Answer: ……..…….…………...
17. If
( ) j p i a 1 2 + + ·
and
j i b 6 3 + − ·
, find the value of p if
b a +
is parallel to the
xaxis.
[3 marks]
Answer: ……..…….…………...
___________________________________________________________________________
18. Given that a ·
0
20 sin and b ·
0
30 cos , express
0
50 sin in terms of a and
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4
16
4
17
3
16
For examiner’s
use only
K
M
L
N (x,y)
x
Diagram 3
•
0
y
9
[3 marks]
Answer: ...………………………
___________________________________________________________________________
19. Diagram below shows two sectors , OAB and OCD with centre O.
Given that ∠COD = 0.92 rad, BC = 5 cm and perimeter of sector OAB is 20.44 cm.
Using π = 3.142 , find the area of the shaded region of ABCED.
[ 3 marks ]
Answer:………………………
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3
19
3
18
For examiner’s
use only
O
D C
E
A
B
10
20. Given that y=
2
1 2
x
x −
and
dx
dy
= 2 g(x) where g(x) is a function in x .
Find
∫
−
1
1
) ( dx x g
. [3 marks]
Answer: …...…………..….......
___________________________________________________________________________
21. The gradient of the curve y = hx +
k
x
2
at the point
−
¸
¸
_
,
1
7
2
,
is 2. Find the value of h
and the value of k. [3 marks]
Answer: ……………………..
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3
20
3
21
11
22. A coach wish to choose a player from two bowlers to represent the nation in a
tournament. The following data show the number of pins scored by the two players
in six sucessive bowls:
Player A: 8, 9, 8, 9, 8, 6
Player B: 7, 8, 8, 9, 7, 9
By using the values of mean and standard deviation, determine the player which
qualified to be choosen because the score is consistent.
[3 marks]
Answer: …...…………..….......
___________________________________________________________________________
23. In a debate competition, the probability of team A, team B and team C will qualify for
the final are
5
1
,
4
1
,
3
1
respectively. Find the probability that at least 2 teams will
qualify
for the final.
[3 marks]
Answer: ……………………………
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For examiner’s
use only
3
23
3
22
12
24. The letters of the word G R O U P S are arranged in a row. Find the probability that
an arrangement chosen at random
(a) begins with the letter P,
(b) begins with the letter P and ends with a vowels.
[3 marks]
Answer: ( a)…...…………..….......
( b )...................................
25. The life span of certain computer chip has a normal distribution with a mean of 1500 days
and a standard deviation of 40 days.
a) Calculate the probability that a computer chip chosen at random has a life span of
more than 1540 days
b) Given that 6% of the computer chips have a life span of more than n days, find the
value of n.
[4 marks]
Answer : (a)…...…………..……..…...
(b)..........................................
END OF QUESTION PAPER
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3
24
For examiner’s
use only
4
25
13
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Paper 2
Time: Two hours and thirty minutes
Instruction : This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and
Section C. Answer all questions in Section A, four questions from Section B and two
questions from Section C. Give only one answer/ solution for each question. All the
working steps must be written clearly. Scientific calculator that are nonprogrammable
are allowed.
Section A
[40 marks]
1. Given that (1, 2k) is a solution for the simultaneous equation
x
2
+ py − 29 = 4 = px − xy where k and p are constants. Find the value of k and of p.
[5 marks]
Answer:
k = 4, p = 4; k = −2, p = −8
2. Given function f : x → 4 − 3x.
(a) Find,
(i) f
2
(x),
(ii) (f
2
)
−1
(x). [3 marks]
(b) Hence, or otherwise, find (f
−1
)
2
(x) and show
(f
2
)
−1
(x) = (f
−1
)
2
(x). [3 marks]
(c) Sketch the graph of f
2
(x) for the domain 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 and find it’s corresponding
range. [2 marks]
Answer
(a)(i) 9x − 8 (ii)
9
8 + x
(c) y
10 
8 0 ≤ y ≤ 10
0
8/9
x
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1
3. Diagram 3 shows five semicircles.
DIAGRAM 3
The area of the semicircles form a geometric progression. Given that area of the
smallest semicircle is
1
16
of the area of the largest semicircle. If the total area of the
semicircles is 30
2
cm , find
(a) area of the smallest semicircle
(b) area of the largest semicircle
[5 marks]
Answer
(a) 10 (b) 160
4. Given that
tan( ) 1 x y − = −
and
3
tan
4
y = , show that
1
tan
7
x = − .
Sketch the graph of
tan y x =
for
0 0
0 360 x ≤ ≤ .
Hence, using the same axes , draw a suitable straight line and find the number of
solutions for the equation
3 tan 6 x x + =
[6 marks]
Answer : Number of solutions = 3
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2
5. Diagram 5 shows a parallelogram OABC.
O A
P
D B
C
DIAGRAM 5
Given that APD, OPC and DCB are straight lines. Given that
→
OA
= 6a,
→
OC
= 12c
and OP : PC = 3 : 1.
(i) Express
→
AP
in terms of a and/or c.
(ii) Given the area of the ∆ADB = 32 unit
2
and the perpendicular distance
from A to DB is 4 units, find a. [5
marks]
Answer:
( ) 6 9
( )2
a a c
b
− +
% %
6.
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3
Cumulative
frequency
Length of fish
in cm
x (5.5, 6)
(10.5, 26) x
x(15.5, 58)
(20.5, 74) x
x (25.5, 80)
O 0.5
DIAGRAM 6
Diagram 5 shows an ogive for the distribution of 80 fishes in a tank when the
cumulative frequency is plotted against upper boundaries for a certain classes. O
is the origin.
(a) Construct a frequency table with a uniform class interval from the
information given in the ogive.
[2 marks]
(b) Draw a histogram and determine the mode.
[3 marks]
(c) From the frequency table, find
(i) the variance,
(ii) the median
for the length of fish in the tank. [4 marks]
7. Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.
An experiment which involves samples of red blood cell used to trace the percentage,
P, of the red blood cell which experience creanation when it is added by drops of
sodium chloride solution with different concentration, K mol dm
3
. Table below
shows the results of the above experiment.
Sodium chloride
concentration (K)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75
Percentage of red blood
cells which experience
creanation (P)
0.4
5.0
14.5
27.6
46.2
68.9
TABLE 7
Variables P and K are related by the equation P =
2
4
µ
(K + A)
2
where µ and A are
constants.
(a) Draw the graph of P against K.
[5 marks]
(b) From your graph, find the value of µ and the value of A.
[4 marks]
(c) Find the value of P when K = 1.4?
[1 mark]
Answer:
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4
( ) 0.33, 0.40
( )37.21 38.44
b A
c
µ = = −
−
8. y
y = x(x − 1)(x + 3)
O
x
(a) Diagram above shows the curve y = x(x − 1)(x + 3). Calculate the area
bounded by the curve, xaxis, line x = −2 and line x = 1. [6 marks]
(b) Diagram below shows the shaded region bounded by the curve y = 2 1 x + , line
x = 1 and line x = k. When the region is revolved 360° at the xaxis, the volume
generated is 18π unit
3
. Find the value of k. [4 marks]
[ answer (a)
12
47
(b) k = 4 ]
9.
y
P(0, β)
Wall • R(x, y)
O Q(α, 0) x
Floor
Diagram 9 shows the xaxis and the yaxis which represent the floor and the wall.
The end of a piece of wood PQ with length 9 m touches the wall and the floor at the
point P(0, β) and point Q(α, 0).
(a) Write the equation which relates α and β. [1 mark]
(b) Given R is a point on the piece of wood such that PR : RQ = 1 : 2.
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5
Jawapan:
2 2
( ) 81
2
( )( ) , 5.85
3
( )0.35
a
b ii
c
α β + =
(i) Show that the locus of the point R when the ends of the wood is slipping along
the xaxis and the yaxis is 4x
2
+ y
2
= 38.
(ii) Find the coordinates of R when α = 2.
(iii) Find the value of tan ∠ ORQ when α = 2. [9 marks]
10.
α rad
T
O
K
L
J
R
Q
P
DIAGRAM 10
Answer:
2
( )
3
20
( )
3
( )61.50
a
b
c
π
π
11. (a) A study on post graduate students, revealed that 70% out of them obtained
jobs six months after graduating.
(i) If 15 post graduates were chosen at random, find the probability of not more
than 2 students not getting jobs after six months.
(ii) It is expected that 280 students will succeed in obtaining jobs after six
months. Find the total number of students involved in the study.
[5 marks]
(b) The mass of 5000 students in a college is normally distributed with a mean
of 58kg and variance of 25 kg
2
. Find
(i) the number of students with the mass of more than 90 kg.
(ii) the value of w if 10% of the students in the colleges are less than w kg.
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6
Diagram 10 shows a circle PQRT, centre O and radius 5 cm. JQK is a tangent to the circle at
Q. The straight lines, JO and KO, intersect the circle at P and R respectively. OPQR is a
rhombus. JLK is an arc of a circle, centre O. Calculate
(a) the angle
α
, in terms of
π
[ 2
marks]
(b) the length, in cm, of the arc JKL [ 4 marks]
(c) the area, in cm
2
, of the shaded region. [4 marks]
P Q
[5 marks]
Answer:
(a) (i) 0.1268 (ii)400
(b) (i) 82or 83 (ii) 38.77 or 38.79
12. Diagram 12 shows the position and direction of motion for two objects, P and Q,
which move along a straight line and passes through two fixed points, A and B
respectively.
At the instant when P passes through the fixed point A, Q passes through the fixed
point B. Distance AB is 28 m.
A C B
28 m
DIAGRAM 12
The velocity of P, v
p
ms
−1
, is given by v
p
= 6 + 4t − 2t
2
, where t is the time in
seconds, after passing through A, whereas Q moves with a constant velocity of
−2 ms
−1
. Object P stops instantaneously at the point C.
(Assume towards the right is positive.)
Find,
(a) the maximum velocity, in ms
−1
, for P, [3 marks]
(b) the distance, in m, C from A, [4 marks]
(c) the distance, in m, between P and Q at the instant when P is at the point C.
[3 marks]
Answer:
(a) 8 m/s
(b) 18
(c) 4
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7
13. . Diagram 13 shows a quadrilateral ABCD such that ∠ABC is acute.
DIAGRAM 13
(a) Calculate,
(i) ∠ABC,
(ii) ∠ADC,
(iii) area, in cm
2
, of quadrilateral ABCD. [8 marks]
(b) A triangle A’B’C’ has the same measurements as those given for triangle ABC,
that is, A’C’ = 12.3 cm, C’B’ = 9.5 cm and ∠B’A’C’ = 40.5°, but which is
different in shape to triangle ABC.
(i) Sketch the triangle A’B’C’.
(ii) State the size of ∠A’B’C’. [2 marks]
Answer:
(a) (i) 57.2157.25
(ii) 106.07106.08
(iii)82.3782.39
(b) (ii) 122.75122.79
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8
C
12.3 cm
40.5
0
9.8 cm
9.5 cm
5.2 cm
D
B
A
14. Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.
Cloth
Preparation time (minutes) Sewing time (minutes)
Tshirt 45 50
Slack 30 70
A tailor shop received payment only for sewing Tshirt and slack. Preparation time
and sewing time for each Tshirt and slack are shown in the table above.
The maximum preparation time used is10 hours and the sewing time must be at least
5 hours 50 minutes. The ratio of the number of Tshirt to slack is not more than 4 : 5.
In a certain time, the shop is able to complete x pieces of Tshirt and y pieces of
slack.
(a) Write three inequalities, other than x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0, which satisfy the above
conditions. [3 marks]
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to I unit on the xaxis and 2 cm to 2 units on the yaxis,
draw the graphs for the three inequalities. Hence, shades the region R which
satisfies the above conditions. [3 marks]
(c) Based on your graph, find
(i) the minimum number of slacks which can be sewn in that time if 3 pieces of
of Tshirt has been sewn..
(ii) maximum total profit received in that time if the profit gained from each piece
of Tshirt and slack are RM16 and RM 10 respectively. [4 marks]
Answer:
( )45 3 600
50 70 350
5 4
( )4
(6,11), 206
a x y
x y
x y
c
RM
+ ≤
+ ≥
≤
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9
15. (a)
Index number, I
i
105 94 120
Weightage, W
i 5 − x x 4
The composite index number for the data in the table above is 108.
Find the value of x. [4 marks]
(b) (i) In the year 1995, price and price index for one kilogram of certain grade of
rice is RM2.40 and 160 respectively. Based on the year 1990, calculate the price
per kilogram of rice in the year 1990. [2 marks]
Item Price index in
the year 1994
Change of price index from the
year 1994 to the year 1996
Weightage
Timber 180 Increased 10 % 5
Cement 116 Decreased 5 % 4
Iron 140 No change 2
Steel 124 No change 1
(ii) Table above shows the price index in the year 1994 based on the year 1992,
the change in price index from the year 1994 to the year 1996 and the weightage
respectively. Calculate the composite price index in the year 1996.
. [4 marks]
Answer :
(a) x=3
(b) (i) 1.50
(ii) RM152.90
End of question paper
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10
 1 
FUNCTIONS
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 2 
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 2
1. Given that
m x x f + →4 :
and
4
3
:
1
+ →
−
nx x f , find the values of m and n.
Answer: m = – 3 ; n =
1
4
2. Given that
1 2 : − → x x f
,
x x g 4 : →
and
b ax x fg + → :
, find the values of a and b .
Answer: a = 8 ; b = –1
3. Given that
3 : + →x x f
,
2
: bx a x g + → and 56 36 6 :
2
+ + → x x x gf , find the
values of a and b .
Answer: a = 2 ; b = 6
4. Given that
x m x g 3 : + →
and
3
4
2 :
1
− →
−
kx x g , find the values of m and k.
Answer: k =
1
6
; m = 4
5. Given the inverse function
2
3 2
) (
1
−
=
−
x
x f , find
(a) the value of f(4),
(b) the value of k if f
–1
(2k) = – k – 3 .
Answer:(a)
11
2
(b)
1
2
−
6. Given the function
: 2 1 f x x → −
and : 2
3
x
g x → − , find
(a) f
–1
(x) ,
(b) f
– 1
g(x) ,
(c) h(x) such that hg(x) = 6x – 3 .
Answer:(a)
1
2
x +
(b)
1 1
6 2
x −
(c) 18x + 33
7. Diagram 1 shows the function
3
:
2
p x
g x
x
+
→
−
, 2 x ≠ , where p is a constant.
Diagram 1
Find the value of p.
Answer: p = 4
8.
x y z
4 4 4
2 2 2
0 0 0
−1
−2 −2 −2
Diagram 2
Diagram 2 shows the mapping of y to x by the function g : y → ay + b and mapping
7
3
2
p x
x
+
−
x
g
5
g (x) = 4 – 3 x
fg (x) = 2 x + 5
 3 
QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
1. One of the roots of the quadratic equation is twice the other root.
Find the possible values of p.
Answer ;
5 7 , p = −
2. If one of the roots of the quadratic equation is two times the other root,
find an expression that relates .
Answer :
2
2 9 b ac =
3. Find the possible value of m , if the quadratic equation has two equal
roots.
Answer ;
4. Straight line y = mx + 1 is tangent to the curve x
2
+ y
2
− 2x + 4y = 0. Find the possible
values of m.
Answer : −
1
2
or 2
5. Given
2
α
and
2
β
are roots of the equation k x(x − 1) = 2m − x.
If
α
+
β
= 6 and
α β
= 3, find the value of k and of m.
Answer : k = −
2
1
, m =
16
3
6. Find the values of λ such that the equation (3 − λ)x
2
− 2(λ + 1)x + λ + 1 = 0 has equal
roots. Hence, find the roots of the equation base on the values of λ obtained.
Answer : λ = ± 1; roots: λ = 1, x = 1; λ = −1, x = 0
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 3
 4 
QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS
1. Diagram 1 shows the graph of the function
( )
2
2 5 y x p = − − + , where p is constant.
Find,
(a) the value of p ,
(b) the equation of the axis of symmetry,
(c) the coordinate of the maximum point.
Answer: (a) p = 2 (b) x = 2 (c) ( 2, 5 )
2.
Diagram 2 shows the graph of the function ( ) ( )
2
1 2 f x p x x q = − + + .
(a) State the value of q .
(b) Find the range of values of p .
Answer:(a) q = – 2 (b)
1
2
p <
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 4
y
( 0, –3 ) ( 4 , –3 )
x
0
Diagram 1
( 0, –2 )
Diagram 2
y
x
0
 5 
3.
Diagram 3 shows the graph of the function
2
y x bx c = + + that intersects the
y axis at point ( 0, 9 ) and touches the x axis at point K.
Find,
(a) the value of b and c ,
(b) the coordinates of point K.
Answer:(a) b = – 6 , c = 9 (b) ( ) 3 0 ,
4. y
( 2, 3)
0 x
Diagram 4
In Diagram 4 above point ( 2, 3 ) is the turning point on the graph which has equation
of the form y = p(x + h)
2
+ k.
Find the,
(a) values of p, h and k,
(b) equation of the curve formed when the graph as shown is reflected at the x–axis.
(c) equation of the curve formed when the graph as shown is reflected at the y–axis.
Answer : (a) p = 5 , h = −2, k = 3 (b) y = −5(x − 2)
2
− 3 (c) y = 5(x + 2)
2
+ 3
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 5
y
( 0, 9)
K
2
y x bx c = + +
x
Diagram 3
( 0, 23)
 6 
5. Function ( )
2 2
8 20 1 f x x kx k = − + + has a minimum value of
2
4 r k +
, where r and k
are constants.
(a) By using the method of completing the square, show that 2 1 r k = − .
(b) Hence or otherwise, find the values of k and r if the graph of the function is
symmetrical about
2
13 x r = −
.
Answer:(b) k = 3 , –1 and r = –3 , 5
6. The function ( ) ( ) ( ) 6 2 f x x x h = + − +
has a maximum value of 10 and h is a constant.
(a) Find the value of h.
(b) Sketch the graph of ( ) ( ) ( ) 6 2 f x x x h = + − +
for the value of h that is determined
in (a) above.
(c) Write the equation of the axis of symmetry.
Answer: ( a) h = 6 (c) x = –2
7. Given y = x
2
+ 2kx + 3k has minimum value 2.
(a) Without using the method of differentiation, find the two possible values of k.
(b) With these values of k, sketch on the same axis, two graphs for
y = x
2
+ 2kx + 3k.
(c) State the coordinates of the minimum point for y = x
2
+ 2kx + 3k .
Answer: (a) k =1 , 2 (c) (−1, 2), (−2, 2)
*****************************************************************************
*
SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS
1. Solve the simultaneous equations 3x + 2y = 1 and 3x
2
– y
2
= 5x + 3y.
Answer: x = 7/3 , y = 4 ; x = 1, y = 1
2. Solve the simultaneous equations
3 2 5
and
2 3 5
xy x y
x y
− −
+ = =
Answer: x = 41/10, y = 16/3 ; x = 1, y = 5
3. Solve the simultaneous equations 2x  y = 4 and 2x
2
+ xy  3x = 7. Give your answers
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 6
 7 
correct to three decimal places.
Answer: x = 2.461, y = 0.922; x = 0.711, y = 5.422
INDICES AND LOGARITHMS
1. Solve the equation
1
2
25 . 5
1
625
−
+
=
x x
x
Answer:
5
2
− = x
2. Solve the equation
3 5
4 8 . 2
−
=
x x x
Answer: 1 = x
3. Show that ( )
x x x
3 5 3 3
1 2
− +
− +
is divisible by 13.
Answer : ( )
1
3 13
− x
.4. Solve the equation 34 2 64
3 2
= +
− x
Answer:
23
12
5. Solve the equation 10 2 3
1 2
=
+ x x
Answer: 0 6477 .
6. Solve the equation
( ) 3 log ] 3 2 [log log
9 2 4
= − x
Answer:3.5
7. Solve the equation
x
x x
1
log ) 1 4 log( ) 2 log( = − − +
Answer :x =1
8. Solve the equation log
2
x  4 log
x
16 = 0
Answer:
1
16
16
,
9. Solve the equation ( )
x x
5 7 2
1
=
−
Answer: 7232 . 3 = x
10. Solve
81 3
2
log
=
x
Answer : 16 = x
11. Solve the equation 3
2x+1
 2 (3
x+0.5
)  3 = 0
Answer: 0.5
12. Solve the equation 10
2x+1
 7 (10
x
) = 26
Answer:0.3010
13. Given that
m = 5 log
3 and
n = 2 log
9 , express
50 log
3 in terms of m and n
Answer: 2 2 m n +
14. Given that
k
x
= 2 log
and
h
x
= 7 log
, express
x
x
5 . 3 log
in terms of k and h
Answer: k h 2 2 2 − +
15. Given that ( ) y x y x
2 2 2
log log 3 log 2 + + = + , show that ( ) xy y x 6
2 2
= +
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 7
 8 
16. If log
2
a + log
2
b = 4, show that log
4
ab = 2 and that log
8
ab = 4/3. If log
2
a + log
2
b = 4, show
that log
4
ab = 2 and that log
8
ab = 4/3.
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
1. The following information refers to the equations of two straight lines, AB and CD which
are parallel to each other.
Express p in terms of q. Answer: p =
) 1 (
3
2
+ q
2. The triangle with vertices A(4,3), B(1,1) and C(t , 3) has an area 11 unit
2
.
Find the possible values of t.
Answer: t = 0 , 22
3. The points P(3, p), B(1, 2) and C(9,7) lie on a straight line. If P divides BC
internally in the ratio m : n , find
(a) m : n ,
(b) the value of p. Answer:(a) 2 : 3 (b) p = 4
4. (a) A point P moves such that its distance from point A (1,– 4) is always 5 units.
Find the equation of the locus of P. Answer:
2 2
2 8 8 0 x y x y + − + − =
(b) The point A is (1, 3) and the point B is (4, 6). The point Q moves such that
QA : QB = 2 : 3. Find the equation of the locus of Q.
Answer:
2 2
5 5 14 102 54 0 x y x y + + + − =
(c) A point R moves along the arc of a circle with centre A(2, 3). The arc passes
through Q(2, 0). Find the equation of the locus of R.
Answer:
2 2
4 6 8 0 x y x y + − − + =
(d) A point S moves such that its distance from point A(–3,4) is always twice its
distance from point B(6,2). Find the equation of the locus of S.
Answer:
2 2
18 8 45 0 x y x y + − + + =
(e) The point M is (2, –3) and N is (4, 5). The point T moves such that it is always
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 8
AB : 2y = p x + q
CD : 3y = (q + 1) x + 2
Where p and q are constants
 9 
equidistance from M and from N. Find the equation of locus of T.
Answer : e) x+4y = 7
(f) Given point A (1,2) and point B (4, –5). Find the locus of point W which
moves such that ∠ AWB is always 90
0
.
Answer:
2 2
5 3 6 0 x y x y + − + − =
Solutions to question no 5, 6 and 7 by scale drawing will not be accepted.
5. In Diagram 1, the straight line PR cuts yaxis at Q such that PQ : QR = 1 : 3. The
equation of PS is 2y = x + 3.
(a) Find (i) the coordinates of R,
(ii) the equation of the straight line RS,
(iii) the area ∆PRS.
(b) A point T moves such that its locus is a circle which passes through the points P, R and
S. Find the equation of the locus of T.
Answer: a)(i) R = (9 , 16) (ii) y = – 2x + 34 (iii) 80 unit
2
b) x
2
+ y
2
– 6x – 16y – 27 = 0
6. Diagram 2 shows the straight line graphs PQS and QRT in a Cartesian plane.
Point P and point S lies on the xaxis and yaxis respectively. Q is the mid point of PS.
y
S y − 3x = 4
Q
R(0, 1)
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 9
P(–3, 0 )
Q( 0, 4 )
S
R
y
x
O
Diagram 1
 10 
P
x
O
T
Diagram 2
(a) Find,
(i) coordinates of the point Q,
(ii) area of the quadrilateral OPQR.
(iii) The equation of the straight line which is parallel to QT and passes through S.
(b) Given 3QR = RT, calculate the coordinates of the point T.
(c) A point moves in such a way that it’s distance from S is
1
2
it’s distance from the point T.
(i) Find the equation of locus of the point T.
(ii) Hence, determine whether the locus cuts the xaxis or not.
.
Answer: (a)(i) (−
2
3
, 2) (ii)
5
3
(iii)
3
4
2
y x = − +
(b) (2, −2) (c)(i) 3x
2
+ 3y
2
+ 4x − 36y +56 =
0 (ii) No
7. y
K
P•
J
• Q
R •
x
O
L
Diagram 3
In Diagram 3, P(2, 9), Q(5, 7) and R(4
2
1
, 3) are the mid point of the straight line JK, KL and
LJ such that JPQR form a parallelogram.
(a) Find,
(i) the equation of the straight line JK,
(ii) the equation of the perpendicular bisector of the straight line LJ.
(b) Straight line KJ is extended until it intersects the perpendicular bisector of the straight line
LJ at the point S. Find the coordinates of the point S.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 10
 11 
(c) Calculate the area of ∆PQR and consequently the area of ∆JKL.
Answer: (a)(i) y = 8x − 7 (ii) 4y = 6x − 15 (b)
−3 ,
2
1
(c) 6
2
1
; 26
STATISTICS
1. Table 1 shows the results obtained by 100 pupils in a test.
Marks < 20 < 30 < 40 < 50 < 60 < 70 < 80 < 90
Number of pupils 3 8 20 41 65 85 96 100
Table 1
(a) Based on Table 1, complete the table below.
Marks 10 – 19
Frequency
(b) Without drawing an ogive, estimate the interquartile range.
Answer:(b)Interquartile range = 22.62
2. The mean and standard deviation of a set of integers 2 , 4 , 8 , p and q are 5 and 2
respectively.
(a) Find the values of p and of q .
(b) State the mean and variance of the set integers 7, 11, 9 , 2p + 3 and 2q + 3
Answer:(a)
5 6 or 6 5 , , p q p q = = = =
(b) Mean =13 Variance = 16
3. The histogram in Diagram 1 shows the marks obtained by 40 students in Mathematics test.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 11
Diagram 1
Marks
Number of students
15.5 20.5 25.2 30.5 35.5 40.5
10
8
6
4
2
0
 12 
(a) Without drawing an ogive , calculate the median mark.
(b) Calculate the standard deviation of the marks.
Answer:(a) 27.17 (b) 6.595
4. Table 2 shows the frequency distribution of the Chemistry marks of a group of students.
Marks Number of students
1 – 10 2
11 – 20 3
21 – 30 5
31 – 40 10
41 – 50 p
51 – 60 2
Table 2
(a) If the median mark is 34.5 , calculate the value of p .
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 2 students
on the vertical axis, draw a histogram to represent the frequency distribution of
the marks. Find the modal mark.
(c) What is the modal mark if the mark of each student is increased by 8 ?
Answer: (a) p = 6 (b) Mode = 36 (c) 44
5. The scores, x , obtained by 32 students of Class 5 Alfa in a test are summarized as
2
2496 and 195488. x x = =
∑ ∑
The mean and the standard deviation of the scores, y ,
obtained by 40 students and Class 5 Beta in the test are 66 and 6 respectively.
(a) Find (i)
y
∑
(ii)
2
y
∑
(b) Calculate the mean and the standard deviation of the scores obtained by all the 72
students.
Answer:(a)(i) 2640 (ii)175680 (b)Mean = 71.33 , S Deviation= 8.194
6. A set of data consists of 10 numbers. The sum of the numbers is 120 and the sum of the
squares of the numbers is 1650.
(a) Find the mean and variance of the set of data,
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 12
 13 
(b) A number a is added to the set of data and the mean is increased by 2, find
(i) the value of a,
(ii) the standard deviation of the new set of data.
Answer:(a) Mean = 12 , Variance = 21 (b)(i) a = 34 (ii) S Deviation = 7.687
CIRCULAR MEASURES
1.
Diagram 1
Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O and OA = 10 cm. Straight line AT is a tangent to the
circle at point A, and AOT is a triangle. Given that the area of triangle OAT = 60 cm
2
, find the
area of sector OAB.
Answer: 43.80
2
cm
2.
Diagram 2
Given that the area of a sector OAB in Diagram 2 with centre O and radius 20 cm is 240 cm
2
.
Calculate
(a) the length of arc AB
(b) area of shaded region
Answer: : (a) 24 cm (b) 53.60
3.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 13
B
O
T
A
B
A
O
O
P
Q
R
θ
 14 
Diagram 3
In the Diagram 3, POQ is a circular sector with centre O and a radius of 17 cm. Point R is on
the straight line ORQ such that RQ = 5 cm. Calculate
(a) the value of θ in radian
(b) the area of the shaded region, in cm
2
Answer: (a) 0.7871 (b) 41.49
4.
Diagram 4
Diagram 4 shows a semicircle with centre O and radius of 10 cm. Given that QS is the length
of arc with centre P and
rad
6
π
= ∠QPS
. Find
(a) the length of OS.
(b) the area of
1
S Answer:(a) 7.32 cm (b) 35.23
2
cm
5.
C C
2r
Diagram 5
Two identical circles of radius 2r are drawn with their centres, C on the circumference of each
circle as shown in the Diagram 5. Show that the area of shaded region A
2
cm , is given by
( ) 3 3 4
3
2
2
− π r
.
6.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 14
O S R
Q
P
1
S
P 3cm
8cm
R
A
O
Q
Diagram 6
 15 
Diagram 6 shows two circles with centres O and A. The respective radii are 8 cm and 3 cm. A
tangent touches the circles at the points Q and R. Given that ∠QOP =
3
π
radians, find
(a) the length of QR
(b) the perimeter of the shaded region
(c) the area of the shaded region
Answer : a) 9.80 cm b) 24.46 cm c) 10.96 cm
2
DIFFERENTIATION
1.(a) (i) Given y = 3x
2
+ 5, find
dy
dx
by using the first principle.
(ii) Differentiate y =
4
3
x
−
with the first principle.
(b) (i) Find
d
dx
1
2 1 x +
.
(ii) Given f(x) = 4x(2x − 1)
5
, find f’(x).
(iii) Differentiate 3x
2
(2x − 5)
4
with respect to x.
(iv) Given f(x) = (2x − 3)
5
, find f ″(x).
(v) Given f(x) =
1
2 1
3
−
−
x
x
, find f ‘(x).
(c) (i) Given h(x) =
2
) 5 3 (
1
− x
, find the value h
’’
(1).
(ii) Given f(x) =
( )
x
x
3 1
2
5
2
−
−
, find f '(0).
(d) (i) Find the limit of
2
limit
n →
n
n
2
4
2
−
−
.
(ii) Given f (r) =
r
r
2 5
3 4
−
+
. Find the limit of f (r) when r → 1.
(e) Given y = x(3 − x), express y
d y
dx
x
dy
dx
2
2
12 + + in terms of x, in the simplest form.
Hence, find the value of x which satisfy the equation y
d y
dx
x
dy
dx
2
2
12 + + = 0.
Answer :
(a) (i) 6x
(b)( i)
2
) 1 2 (
2
+
−
x
v)
2
2 3
) 1 (
1 6 4
−
− + −
x
x x
d) i) 2 e) 12 −
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 15
 16 
(ii)
2
4
x
−
(ii)[4(2x − 1)
4
)(12x −
1)]
3
) 5 2 )( 5 6 ( 6 ) − − x x x iii
iv) 40(2x − 3)
3
c) (i)
8
27
(ii) −96
ii)
3
7
3x;
x = 4
2. (a) Given the function of the graph f(x) = hx
3
+
2
x
k
, which has a gradient function of
f ‘ (x) = 3x
2
−
3
96
x
, where h and k are constant. Find,
(i) the value of h and the value of k,
(ii) the coordinate x of the turning point of the graph.
(b) The point P lies on the curve
2
) 5 ( − = x y . It is given that the gradient of the
normal at P is
4
1
−
. Find
(i) the coordinates of P.
(ii) the equation of the normal to the curve at point P.
(c) A curve with the gradient function
2
2
2
x
x −
has a turning point at ( k , 8 ) .
(i) Find the value of k .
(ii) Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or a minimum point .
Answer:
2(a) (i) h=1, k= 48
(ii) 2
(b) (i) (7, 4)
(ii)4y + x = 23
(c) i) k = 1,
ii) Minimum
3. (a) Two variables, x and y, are related by the equation y = 3x +
x
2
.
Given that y increases at a constant rate of 4 units per second, find the rate of
change of x when x = 2.
(b) On a certain day, the rate of increase of temperature, θ°, with respect to time, t s, is
given by
dt
dθ
=
2
1
(12 − t).
(i) Find the value of t at the instant when θ is maximum.
(ii) Given θ = 4 when t = 6, find the maximum value of θ.
Answer: (a) 1.6 units
1
(b) i) 12 ii) 13
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 16
 17 
4. (a) Given y = t − 2t
2
and x = 4t + 1.
(i) Find
dx
dy
in terms of x.
(ii) If x increases from 3 to 3.01, find the corresponding small increment in t.
(b) Given y = 2x
3
− 5x
2
+ 7, find the value of
dx
dy
at the point (2, 3).
Hence, find
(i) the small change in x which causes y to decrease from 3 to 2.98.
(ii) the rate of change of y when x = 2 if the rate of change of x is 0.6 unit per second.
(c) Given y
x
=
16
4
, find the value of
dy
dx
when x = 2. Hence, find the approximate
value of
16
198
4
( . )
.
Answer: (a) (i)
4
2 x −
(ii) 0.0025 (b) (i) −0.005 (ii) 2.4 unit s
−1
(c) 1.04
5. Diagram 1 shows a composite solid made up of a cone resting on a cylinder with radius x cm.
Diagram 1
The total surface area of the solid, A cm
2
, is given by the equation A = 3π
+
x
x
16
2
.
(a) Calculate the minimum value of the surface area of the solid.
(b) Given the surface area of the solid is changing at a rate of 42π cm
2
s
−1
. Find the
rate of change of radius at the instant when the radius is 4 cm.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 17
x cm
 18 
(c) Given the radius of the cylinder increases from 4 cm to 4.003 cm. Find approximate
increment in the surface area of the solid
Answer: b) 36π (c) 2 (d) 0.063π
PROGRESSION
1. Show that log h, log hk, log
2
hk , log
3
hk ,…… is an arithmetic progression. Then find
the common difference of this progression.
2. An arithmetic progression has 10 terms. The sum of all these 10 terms is 220. The sum of
the odd terms is 100. Find the first term and the common difference.
Answer :
4 , 4 = = d a
3. The sum of the first six terms of an arithmetic progression is 120. The sum of the first six
terms is 90 more than the fourth term. Calculate the first term and the common
difference.
Answer :
20 , 30 = − = d a
4. Given that the sum of n term of an arithmetic progression is . 3 2
2
n n S
n
+ = Find
(a) the n term in terms of n
(b) the first term
(c) the common difference
Answer : (a) 1 4 + n (b) 5( c) 4
5. An arithmetic progression has 12 terms. The sum of all these 12 terms is 222. The sum of
the odd terms is 102. Find
(a) the first term and the common difference
(b) the last term
Answer :(a) a = 2 , d = 3 (b) 35
6. The n term of an arithmetic progression is 8 5 − n . Find the sum of all the terms from the
5
th
term to the 8
th
term.
Answer : 98
7. Estimate the sum to infinity of the geometric progression
.......
3
1
1 3 9 + + + +
Answer :
2
1
13
8. Write ........ 007 . 0 007 . 0 07 . 0 7 . 0 + + + + as a fraction. Answer :
9
7
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 18
 19 
9. The sum of the first n terms of a geometric progression is
3
8 ) 2 (
1 2
−
=
+ n
n
S . Find the least
number of terms in the progression that its sum to exceed 60.
Answer : 4 = n
10. Find the least number of terms of the geometric progression 4,12,36,……which must be
taken for its sum to exceed 1 800.
Answer : 7 = n
11. The sum of the first two terms of a geometric progression is
4
3
and the sum of the next
two terms is
16
3
, where the common ratio is positive. Find the sum to infinity of the
progression. Answer :
1 =
∞
S
12.
Diagram 1
Diagram 1 shows four circles. Each circle has a radius that is 2 units longer than that of
the previous circle. Given that the sum of the perimeters of these four circles is 120π cm,
(i) find the radius of the smallest circle.
(ii) the sum of the perimeters from the fifth term to the tenth term.
Answer :(i) r = 12 cm(ii) π 300 cm
13. Encik Rahim plans to donate an amount of money to the ‘Rumah Penyayang’ each year
from 2008. The amount in 2008 will be RM50 000, and thereafter, the amount each year
will be 90% of the amount for the previous year. Calculate
(a) the year in which the donation falls below RM 20 000 for the first time .
(b) the total donation from 2008 to 2015 inclusive
Answer : a) 10 = n , 2017 b) RM284 766.40
14.
Diagram shows two balls in a tube of length 10 m, moving towards each other. P moves
from one end traveling 60 cm in the first second, 59 cm in the next second and 58 cm in
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 19
P
Q
 20 
the third second. Q moves from the other end traveling 40 cm in the first second, 39 cm
in the next second and 38 cm in the third second. The process continues in this manner
until the two balls meet.
(a) Find the shortest time for the two balls to meet.(give your answer to the nearest
second)
(b) Calculate the distance traveled by P.
(c) Calculate the difference in distance traveled by the two balls.
Answer : a) 11s b) 605 cm c) 220 cm
INTEGRATION
1. (a) Find, (i)
( )( ) 4 4
2
− +
∫
x x
x
dx (ii)
18
3 5
3
( ) x −
∫
dx
(b) Given
0
3
∫
f(x) dx = 8, find the value of
f x ( ) +
∫
2
2
0
3
dx.
(c) Find
( )
∫
+
3
7 2x
dx
(d) Given kx
2
− x is the gradient function for a curve such that k is a constant.
y − 5x + 7 = 0 is the equation of tangent at the point (1, −2) to the curve. Find,
(i) the value of k,
(ii) the equation of the curve.
(e) Given
2
2
dx
y d
= 4x
3
+ 1. When x = −1, y =
2
1
and
dx
dy
= 3. Find y in terms of x.
Answer:( a) (i) −
x
16
− x + c (ii) − 2
) 5 3 (
3
− x
+ c (b) 7 ( c)
( )
8
7 2
4
+ x
+ c
(d(i)) k = 6 (ii) y = 2x
3
−
2
2
x
−
2
7
(e) y =
5
16
3
2 5
2 5
+ + + x
x x
2. Given that
dy
dx
is directly proportional to
2
1, and that 3 and 9, when
dy
x y
dx
− = = x = 2 ,
find the value of y when x = 3 .
Answer: 19
3. The rate of change of the area, A cm
2
, of a circle is
2
6 2 1 t t − + . Find in terms of if the
area of the circle is 11 cm
2
when t = 2 .
Answer:
4. (a) Diagram 1 shows part of the curve of
2
2
y
x
= . The straight line x = k divides the
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 20
 21 
shaded region enclosed by the curve , the straight lines x = 1 and x = 5 and
the xaxis into two regions, and .
y
A B
0 1 k 5 x
Diagram 1
Given that the area of region is five times the area of region , find the value of
(b) Diagram 2 shows part of the curve ( ) 2 y x x = − .
( ) 2 y x x = −
Find the value of the solid generated when the shaded region is revolved through 360 about
the xaxis .
Answer: (a) k = 3 (b) 1
5. (a) Diagram 3 shows a straight line
2 y x =
and a curve
2
3 y x x = −
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 21
y
x
0
Diagram 2
P
y
x
0
Diagram 3
 22 
2
3 y x x = −
x
Find
(i) the coordinate of the point P,
(ii) the area of the shaded region
Answer: ( ) ( ) ( )
125
5 10
6
, i ii
6. Diagram 4 shows part of the curve
( )
2
4
2 1
y
x
=
−
which passes through
y
(a) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at point Q.
(b) A region is bounded by the curve, the xaxis and the straight lines and
(i) Find the area of the region
(ii) The region is revolved through 360 about the xaxis. Find the volume generated, in
terms of
Answer:(a)
6 20 y x = − +
(b) i) ,ii )
π
10125
784
7. (a) Evaluate
dx x x
∫
−
4
0
) 4 (
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 22
0 x
Diagram 4
 23 
Diagram 5
(b) Diagram 5 shows the curve y = x(4 − x) , together with a straight line. This line cuts the
curve at the origin O and at the point P with xcoordinate k, where 0 < k < 4 .
(i) Show that the area of the shaded region, bounded by the line and the curve, is
3
1
6
k
(ii) Find, correct to 3 decimal places, the value of k for which the area of the
shaded region is half of the total area under the curve between x = 0 and x = 4 .
Answer : k = 3.175
8. Diagram 6 shows, the straight line PQ is normal to the curve
1
2
1
2
+ = x y
at A(2,3).
The straight line AR is parallel to the y – axis.
Find
(a) the value of k,
(b) the area of the shaded region,
(c) the volume generated, in terms of π, when the region bounded by the curve, the y – axis
and the straight line y = 3 is revolved through 360
o
about the yaxis.
Answer : (a) k = 8 (b) area = 12
3
1
(c) Volume = 4 π
9. Diagram 7 below shows the straight line y = x + 4 intersecting the curve y = (x – 2 )
2
at the
points A and B.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 23
B
A
4 + = x y
P
Q
A(2,3)
Q(k ,0)
y
P
0
R
Diagram 6
y
y = (x – 2 )
2
 24 
k
Diagram 7
Find,
(a) the value of k,
(b) the are of the shaded region P
(c) the volume generated, in terms of π, when the shaded region Q is revolved 360
o
about
the x – axis.
Answer : (a) k = 5 (b) area = 20.83 (c) volume =
5
32
π
*****************************************************************************
*
LINEAR LAW
1. The data for x and y given in the table below are related by a law of the form
2
y px x q = + +
,
where p and q are constants.
x 1 2 3 4 5
y 41.5 38.0 31.5 22.0 9.5
(a) Plot y x −
againts
2
x
, using a scale of 2 cm to 4 unit on both axes. Hence , draw
the line of best fit.
(b) Use your graph in 1(a) to find the value of
(i) p
(ii) q Answer:
2. The variables x and y are known to be connected by the equation
x
y Ca
−
= . An experiment
gave pairs of values of x and y as shown in the table. One of the values of y is subject to an
abnormally large area.
x 1 2 3 4 5 6
y 56.20 29.90 25.10 8.91 6.31 3.35
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 24
x
 25 
(a) Plot log y against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit for xaxis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit for
yaxis . Hence , draw the line of best fit.
(b) Identify the abnormal reading and estimate its correct value.
(c) Use your graph in 2(b) to find the value of
(i) C
(ii) a
Answer: (b)25.1,17.78 (c) C = 100 , a = 1.78
3. The table shows experimental values of x and y which are known to be related by equation
a
y b x
x
= + .
x 1 2 3 4 5 6
y 2.20 1.74 1.71 1.77 1.86 1.96
(a) Explain how a straight line graph may be drawn to represent the given equation.
(b) Plot againts xy x x , using a scale of 2 cm to 2 unit on both axes . Hence , draw the
line of best fit.
(c) Use your graph in 3(b) to find the value of
(i) a
(ii) b
Answer : a=1.5 ; b=0.70
4. Table 1 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment.
Variables x and y are related by the equation y = p k
x
, where p and k are constants.
x 2 4 6 8 10 12
y 3.16 5.50 9.12 16.22 28.84 46.77
(a) Plot log y against x by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on the xaxis and 2 cm to 0.2
unit on the log
10
yaxis.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 25
 26 
Hence, draw the line of best fit.
(b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of
(i) p
(ii) k.
Answer : p=1.820 ; k=1.309
5. The variable x and y are related by the equation
2
h
y
x k
=
+
. Diagram 1 shows the graph of
1
againts x
y
.Calculate the values of h and k. The point P lies on the line. Find the value of r.
(
Diagram 1
Answer:
6. Variables x and y are related by the equation
2
a b
x y
+ =
, where a and b are constants. When
the graph of
1 1
againts
y x
is drawn, a straight line is obtained. Given that the intercept on
the
1
axis is 0.5
y
− −
and that the gradient of the line is 0.75, calculate the value of a and b.
Answer: a = 3, b = – 4
7. Variables x and y are related by the equation 4y = 2(x – 1)
2
+ 3k where k is a constant.
(a) When y is plotted against (x – 1)
2
, a straight line is obtained, which intersects the
yaxis at (0, 6). Find the value of k.
(b) Hence, find the gradient and the y intercept for the straight line obtained by
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 26
1
y
x
 27 
plotting the graph of (y + x) against x
2
.
Answer: (a) y = ½ (x – 1)
2
+
3
4
k
, k = –8 (b) y + x = ½ x
2
–
11
2
, m= ½ , yintercept =
11
2
− .
8. (a) Explain how a straight line graph can be drawn from the equation
y
x
p
x
qx = +
,
where p and q are constants.
(b)
Diagram 2 shows the graph of log
2
y against log
2
x. Values of x and values of y are related by
the equation y =
x
k
n 2
, where n and k are constants. Find the value of n and the value of k.
Answer : n = 1, k = 16
9. y
•(4, 44)
• (2, 14)
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 27
log
2
y
log
2
x
(5, 6)
O (2, 0)
Diagram 2
x
0
Diagram 3
 28 
Diagram 3 shows part of the curve y against x. It is known that x and y are related by the
linear equation
x
y
= kx + h, where h and k are constants.
(a) Sketch the straight line graph for the above equation.
(b) Calculate the values of h and k.
Answer : : (a) h = 3, k = 2
10. log
10
y
Diagram 4
Diagram 4 shows graph of log
10
y against log
10
x. Given that PQ = 10 units and the point P
lies on the log
10
yaxis.
(a) Find the coordinates of P.
(b) Express y in terms of x.
(c) Find the value of y when x = 16.
Answer: (a) P(0, 1) (b) y = 10 4
3
x
(c) y = 80
*****************************************************************************
*
VECTORS
1. Diagram 1 shows a parallelogram, OPQR, drawn on a Cartesan plane.
y
Q
R P
x
O
Diagram 1
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 28
log
10
x
Q(8, 7)
0
 29 
Given that
→
OP
= 6
~
i
+ 4
~
j
and
→
PQ
= −4
~
i
+ 5
~
j
. Find
→
PR
.
Answer:
10i j − +
2. Given O(0, 0), A(−3, 4) and B(2, 16), find in terms of unit vector
~
i
and
~
j
,
(a)
AB
uuur
,
(b) unit vector in the direction of
AB
uuur
.
Answer: ( ) ( )
1
5 12 (b) 5 12
13
a i j i j + +
3. Given A(−2, 6), B(4, 2) and C(m, p), find the value of m and the value of p such that
AB
uuur
+ 2
BC
uuur
= 10
i
%
− 12
j
%
.
Answer:
6 4 , m p = = −
4. Given the points
) 0 , 3 ( A
,
) 8 , 7 ( B
and
) , 1 ( k C
(a) Express vector
AB
in terms of
i
and
j
,
(b) Find the value of k if vector OC is parallel to vector
AB
.
Answer: ( )
1
4 8 (b) 2
4
, a i j h k + = =
5. Given that OABC is a rectangle where OA = 6 cm and OC = 5cm. If
OA
→
=
~
a
and
OB
→
=
~
b
,find
(a) AC in terms of
~
a
and
~
b
(b)
a b +
Answer:(a) (b) 61 a b − +
6. Diagram 2 shows vector
~
s
, vector
~
t
and vector unit
~
a
and
~
b
.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 29
~
t
~
s
~
a
b
%
Diagram 2
 30 
Given
~ ~ ~
3 2 t s r − =
, express
~
r
in terms
~
a
and
~
b
. Answer:
14 13 a b +
7. Given
AB
→
= (k + 1)
~
a
and
BC
→
= 2
~
b
. If A, B and C are collinear,
AB
→
=
BC
→
and
~
b
= 3
~
a
.
Find the value of k.
Answer:k= 5
8. Given that
2 2 a i j =− +
% %
%
,
2 3 b i j = −
% %
%
and
2 c a b = −
% % %
. Find
(a) c
%
(b) unit vector in the direction of
c
%
.
Answer: ( ) ( ) ( )
1
10 b 3 4
5
a i j − +
9.
Diagram 3
Diagram 3 shows GH : AB = 3 : 10 and GH is parallel to
AB
→
. If
AB
uuur
= 10
~
a
, find
GH
→
in
terms of
~
a
. Answer: 3a
10.
Diagram 4 shows PQRSTU is a regular hexagon. Express
PQ
→
+
PT
→

RS
→
as a single
vector.
Answer:
PR
uuur
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 30
A
H G
C
B
P Q
U R
T S
Diagram 4
 31 
11. In ∆OPQ,
OP
→
=
~
p
and
OQ
→
=
~
q
. T is a point on PQ where PT : TQ=2 : 1. Given that M
is the midpoint of OT, express
PM
→
in terms of
~
p
and
~
q
.
Answer:
5 1
6 3
p q − +
12. Diagram 5 shows triangles OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R.
It is given that
1
3
OP OB = ,
~
~
1
, 6 and 2
4
AQ AB OP x OA y
→ →
= = =
Diagram 5
(a) Express in terms of
~
x
and/or
~
: y
(i)
AP
→
, (ii)
OQ
→
(b) (i) Given that
AR h AP
→ →
=
, state
AR
→
in terms of h,
~
x
and
~
y
.
(ii) Given that
RQ k OQ
→ →
=
, state
RQ
→
in terms of k,
~
x
and
~
y
.
(c) Using
AR
→
and
RQ
→
from (b), find the value of h and of k
Answer:(a)(i) ( )
9 3 9 3 1 1
2 6 (ii) (b)(i) 2 6 (ii) (c)
2 2 2 2 3 2
, y x x y h y x k x y k h
− + + − + + = =
13. Diagram 6, ABCD is a quadrilateral. AED and EFC are straight lines.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 31
R
B
P
Q
O
A
A
C E
F
B
D
•
 32 
It is given that
~
20 AB x
→
= ,
~ ~
~
1
8 , 25 24 ,
4
AE y DC x y AE AD
→ →
= = − =
and
3
5
EF EC =
(a) Express in terms of
~
x
and/or
~
: y
(i)
BD
→
, (ii)
EC
→
(b) Show that the points B, F and D are collinear
(c) If
~
~
2 and 3 x y = =
, find
BD
→
Answer:(a)(i)
20 32 (ii) 25 (c) 104 x y x − +
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
1. Prove that cosec
2
x – 2 sin
2
x – cot
2
x = cos 2x
2. Prove that
2 2 2 2
tan sin tan sin A A A A ≡ −
3. Prove that
sin 2
cot
1 cos 2
x
x
x
=
−
.
4. Find all the angles between 0
o
and 360
o
which satisfy
(a) 3cos2α – 5 = 8 cos α
(b) tan 2α tan α = 1
Answer( ) a 131 81 228 19 (b)30 150 210 330 . , . , , ,
° ° ° ° ° °
:
5. Solve the equation
0 cos 3 sin 4 = + θ θ
for
0 0
360 0 ≤ ≤θ
Answer36 87 216 87 . , .
° °
:
6. Find all the angles between 0
o
and 360
o
which satisfy
(a) 3sin 2A = 4sin A
(b) 5sin
2
A = 5 – cos 2A
Answer( ) ( ) 0 180 360 48 19 311 81 35 27 215 27 144 73 324 73 , , , . , . . , . , . , . a b
° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °
:
7. Given that sin α =
17
8
, 90
o
< α < 270
o
and sin β =
13
12
−
, 90
o
< β < 270
o
.
Calculate the value of
(a) sin (α + β ) (b) cos ( β – α )
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 32
 33 
Answer( ) ( )
140 21
a b
221 221
− :
8. Given that
3
cos
5
x = and 0 180
o o
x ≤ ≤ , find sec x + cosec x .
Answer
35
12
:
9. Given that sin Ө = k and Ө is acute angle, express in term of k:
(a) tan Ө
(b) cosec Ө
Answer
( ) ( )
2
1
b
1
k
a
k
k −
:
10. Solve the equation
2 2
5sin 2 3 0, 0 360
o o
A cos A A + − = ≤ ≤
Answer35 27 144 73 215 27 324 73 . , . , . , .
° ° ° °
:
11. Solve the equation 3
cot
1
2
2
= + x sek
x
for 0° ≤ x ≤ 360°.
Answer 45 135 225 315 , , ,
° ° ° °
:
12. (a) Prove that
sin 2
cot
1 cos 2
x
x
x
=
−
.
(b) Given
2
1
cos
2
1 p
θ
=
+
,
i. prove that
2
2
tan
1
p
p
θ =
−
.
ii. hence, find sin 2θ , when
2 p =
.
Answer( ) ( )
24
25
b i − :
13. (a) Prove that tan θ + cot θ = 2 cosec 2θ .
(b)(i) Sketch the graph y = 2 cos
2
3
x for 0
o
≤ x ≤ 2π .
(ii) Find the equation of a suitable straight line for solving the equation
cos
2
3
x =
1
4
3
− x
π
. Hence , using the same axes , sketch the straight line and
state the number of solutions to the equation cos
2
3
x =
1
4
3
− x
π
for
0
o
≤ x ≤ 2π.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 33
 34 
Answer:(b)
(ii)3
14. (a) Sketch the graph of y = cos 2x for 0
o
≤ x ≤ 180
o
.
(b) Hence , by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes , find the number of
solutions satisfying the equation 2 sin
2
x = 2 –
180
x
for 0
o
≤ x ≤ 180
o
.
Answer:(b)2
15. (a) Prove that cosec
2
x – 2 sin
2
x – cot
2
x = cos 2x.
(b)(i) Sketch the graph of y = cos 2x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .
(ii) Hence , using the same axes , draw a suitable straight line to find the number
of solutions to the equation 3(cosec
2
x – 2 sin
2
x – cot
2
x ) =
π
x
– 1 for
0 ≤ x ≤ 2π . State the number of solutions .
Answer:(b)(ii)4
16. (a) Sketch the graph of y =  2 cos x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .
(b)Hence , using the same axis , sketch a suitable graph to find the number of
solutions to the equation
x
π
+ 2 cos x = 0 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .
Answer:2
17. (a) Given tan A =
4
3
,and A is an acute angle. Find the value of cos 2A.
(b)(i) Sketch the curve y = sin 2x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2
π
.
(ii) Hence, by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes, find the number of
solutions satisfying the equation sin x kos x =
2
1
4
x
−
π
for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2
π
.
Answer: ( ) ( ) ( )
7
4
25
a b i
****************************************************************************
PERMUTATION AND COMBINATION
1. Four girls and three boys are to be seated in a row. Calculate the number of possible
arrangements
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 34
 35 
(a) if all the three boys have to be seated together
(b) a boy has to be seated at the centre
Answer:(a)720 (b)2880
2. Find the number of the arrangement of all nine letters of word SELECTION in which
the two letters E are not next to each other
Answer:282240
3. Calculate the number of four digit even number can be formed from the digits 3, 4, 5,
6 and 9 without repetitions. Answer:48
4. Three alphabets are chosen from the word WALID. Find the number of possible
choice if (a) the alphabet A is chosen
(b) the alphabet A and D are chosen
Answer:(a) 6 (b) 3
5. A bowling team consists of 8 person. The team will be chosen from a group of 7 boys
and 6 girls. Find the number of team that can be formed such that each team consists of
(a) 3 boys
(b) not more than 1 girl
Answer:(a) 210 (b) 6
6.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 35
 36 
Refri
gerat
ors
Refri
gerat
ors
TV
TV
TV
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 36
 37 
7.. Diagram 1 shows 5 letter and 3 digits.
Diagram 1
A code is to be formed using those letters and digits. The code must consist of 3
letters followed by 2 digits. How many codes can be formed if no letter or digit is
repeated in each code ?
Answer:144
8. A debating team consists of 5 students. These 5 students are chosen from 4 monitors,
2 assistant monitors and 6 prefects. Calculate the number of different ways the team
can be formed if (a) there is no restriction
(b) the team contains only one monitor and exactly 3 prefects
Answer:(a)792
(b)160
PROBABILITY
1. At the place where Lam stays, rain falls in any two days of a week. Out of 75% of the
raining days, Lam goes to school in his father’s car. If there is no rain, Lam cycles to
to school. For every 5 days Lam goes to school in his father’s car, for 3 days Lam is
able to keep his pocket money. In a certain day, find the probability that
(a) Lam does not goes to school in his father’s car,
(b) Lam keeps his pocket money because he goes to school in his father’s car.
Answer: (a)
11
14
(b)
9
70
2. Rashid and Rudi compete in a badminton game. The game will end when any of the
players has won two sets. The probability that Rashid will win any one set is
5
3
.
Calculate the probability that
(a) the game will end in only two set,
(b) Rashid will win the competition after playing 3 sets.
Answer: (a)
25
13
(b)
125
36
3. A container consists of 4 soya beans, 3 coffee beans and 2 cocoa beans.
(a) If a bean is drawn at random from the container, calculate the probability that
the bean is not a cocoa bean.
(b) Two beans are drawn at random from the container, one after the other, without
replacement. Find the probability that only one bean out of the two beans is a
cocoa bean.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 37
A B C D E 6 7 8
 38 
.Answer: (a) 7/9 , (b) 7/18
4. Bag P contains five card
numbered 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9.
Bag Q contains three cards
numbered 5, 7 and 9. A
card is drawn at random
from bag P and at the same
time,
another card
is drawn from
bag Q. Find the
probability that
the two numbers
drawn
have the same
value or their
product is an
even number.
Answer:
3
5
Table 1
5. Table 1 shows
the number of
marbles of
different colours
in boxes P and Q. A marble
is picked at random from each box. Find the probability that
(a) both are of the same colour,
(b) both are of different colours,
(b) a yellow marble is picked from box Q.
Answer: (a) 23/80 (b) 57/80 (c) ½
6. Diagram 1 shows a board with a grid of 20 squares, of which a few squares are
shaded. A dart is thrown at the board.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 38
Box
Number
of
marbles
Green
Red
Yellow
P
6
7
2
Q
3
5
8
 39 
Diagram 1
(a) Find the probability that it will hit a shaded square.
(b) Find how many additional squares need to be shaded if the probability is increased
to
3
5
. Answer: (a) 7/20 , (b) 5
7. A box contains 4 blue balls, x white balls and y red balls. A ball is drawn at
random from the box. If the probability of getting a white ball is
1
6
and the
probability of getting a red ball is
1
2
, find the values of x and y .
Answer: x = 2, y = 6
8. The letters of the word G R O U P S are arranged in a row. Find the probability that
an arrangement chosen at random
(a) begins with the letter P,
(b) begins with the letter P and ends with a vowels.
Answer: (a) 1/6 , (b) 1/ 15
9. A bag contains 6 red balls and 5 green balls. A ball is chosen from the bag and
returned. Another ball is chosen and returned again. Find the probability that
(a) both balls are red
(b) both balls have same color,
(c) both balls have different color.
Answer: (a) 36/121 , (b) 61/121 , (c) 60/121
10. There are 7 ribbons in a bag. 1 yellow, 3 black and 3 blue ribbons.
(a) If a ribbon is taken out and not returned back, find the probability for the ribbon
to be black.
(b) If two ribbons are taken, find the probability first one to be blue followed by a
black if none of the ribbons are returned.
(c) If three ribbons are taken, find the probability for first one to be blue, followed
by yellow and a black ribbon if none of the ribbons are returned.
Answer: (a) 3/7 , (b) 3/14 , (c) 3/70
PROBABILITY OF DISTRIBUTION
1. (a) A study in a district shows that one out of three teenagers in the district join the
`Rakan Muda’ program.
(i) If 5 teenagers are chosen randomly from the district, find the probability that
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 39
 40 
2 or more of them join the `Rakan Muda’ program.
(ii) If they are 2 490 teenagers in the district, calculate the mean and the standard
deviation of the number of teenagers who join the `Rakan Muda’ program.
(b) From a study, it is found that the mass of a deer from a certain jungle shows a
normal distribution with mean 55 kg and variance 25 kg
2
.
(i) If a deer is caught randomly from the jungle, find the probability that the deer
has a mass more than 60 kg.
(ii) Find the percentage number of dears with mass between 45 kg and 60 kg.
Answer: (a)(i)
243
131
or 0.5391 (ii) 830, 23.52 (b)(i) 0.1587 (ii) 81.85%
2. (a) Usually, when fishing, Wan will get fish as many as 60% from the total number of
his throws..
Calculate,
(i) the probability Wan will get at least 4 fishes in 5 throws,
(ii) the minimum number throws made by Wan so that the probability of getting at
least a fish is greater than 0.87.
(b) The mass of students in a school has a normal distribution with a mean of µ kg
and a standard deviation σ kg. It is known that 10.56% of the above students
have mass more than 50 kg and 15.87% of them have mass less than 32 kg.
Find the value of µ and the value σ.
Answer: (a)(i) 0.3370 or
3125
1053
(ii) 3 (b) σ = 8, µ = 40
3. (a) In a game of guessing, the probability of guessing correctly is p.
(i) Find the number of trials required and the value of p, such that the mean and
the standard deviation of success are 15 and
5
2
3
respectively.
(ii) If 10 trials are done, find the probability of guessing exactly 3 correct.
(b) The volume of 600 bottles of mineral water produced by a factory follow a normal
distribution with a mean of 490 ml per bottle and standard deviation of 20 ml.
(i) Find the probability that a bottle of mineral water chosen in random has a
volume of less than 515 ml.
(ii) If 480 bottles out of 600 bottles of the mineral water have volume greater than
k ml, find the value of k.
Answer: (a)(i) p =
4
1
, n = 60 (ii) 0.2503 (b)(i) 0.8944 (ii) 473.16
4. (a) It is known that for every 10 lemon in the box, two are rotten. If a sample of 7 are
chosen randomly, calculate the probability that
(i) exactly 3 lemons are rotten,
(ii).at least 6 lemons are not rotten.
(b) The masses of the members of the English Society of School M are normally
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 40
55
45
Q
 41 
distributed with a mean of 48 kg and a variance of 25 kg
2
. 56 of the members
have masses between 45 kg and 52 kg. Find the total number of members in the
English Society.
Answer: (a) (i) 0.1147 (ii) 0.5767 (b) 109
5. Diagram 1 shows a standard normal distribution graph.
f(z)
0.3485
0 k z
Diagram 1
The probability represented by the area of the shaded region is 0.3485.
(a) Find the value of k.
(b) X is a continuous random variable which is normally distributed with a mean of 79
and a standard deviation of 3. Find the value of X when the zscores is k.
Answer: (a) 1.03 (b) 82.09
6. Diagram 4 shows a probability distribution graph of the continuous random variable x
that is normally distributed with a standard deviation of 8. The graph is symmetrical
about the vertical line PQ.
Diagram 4
(a) If the standard score found by using the value of x = m is
3
4
−
, find the value of m.
(b) Hence, find the area of the shaded region in Diagram 4.
(c) If x represents the marks obtained by 180 Form 5 students in an examination,
calculate the number of students whose marks are less than 33.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 41
P
x
m
 42 
Answer: (a) m = 39 , (b) 0.0668, (b) 12
7. (a) A football team organizes a practice session for trainees on scoring goals from
penalty kicks. Each trainee has ten goals to score. The probability that a trainee
scores a goal is k. After the practice, it is found that the mean number of goals
scored for a trainee is 6.
(i) Find the value of k.
(ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find the probability that he scores at least
two goals.
(b) The masses of students of a school are normally distributed with a mean of
56 kg and a standard deviation of 10 kg.
(i) If a student is chosen at random, calculate the probability that his mass is
less than 50 kg.
(ii) Given that 1.5% of the students have masses of more than p kg, find
the value of p.
(iii) If 75% of the students have masses of more than h kg, find
the value of h.
Answer(a)(i) k = 0.6 (ii) 0.9983 (b)(i) 0.2743 (ii)77.7 (iii) 49.25
***********************************************************************
*
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
1. P
8 cm
6.5 cm
50°
Q R
Diagram 1 shows a ∆PQR.
(a) Calculate the obtuse angle PRQ.
(b) Sketch and label another triangle different from ∆PQR in the diagram above,
so that the lengths of PQ and PR and the angle PQR remain unchanged.
(c) If the length of PR is reduced whereas the length of PQ and angle PQR remain
unchanged, calculate the length of PR so that only one ∆PQR can be formed
Answer: (a) 109° 28’ or 109.47° (c) 6.128 cm
2.(a) Diagram 2 shows a pyramid VABCD with a square base ABCD. VA is
vertical and the base ABCD is horizontal. Calculate,
(i) ∠VTU,
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 42
Diagram 1
 43 
(ii) the area of the plane VTU.
Diagram 2
Answer: (a)(i) 84° 58’ or 84.97° (ii) 22.72 cm
2
(b) .
Q R
4 cm
K
L Diagram 3
P S
6 cm
J 8 cm M
Diagram 3 shows a cuboid. Calculate, (i) ∠JQL,
(ii) the area of ∆JQL.
Answer: (i) 75° 38’ or 75.64
0
(ii) 31.24 cm
2
3.
5 cm
D 50°
4 cm
8 cm
C
Diagram 4
Diagram 4, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral of a circle centered O. Calculate
(a) the length of AC, correct to two decimal places,
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 43
V
8 cm
A B
6 cm U
2 cm
D T 4 cm C
.O
A
B
A
 44 
(b) ∠ ACD,
(c) the area of quadrilateral ABCD.
Answer: (a) 11.85 cm (b) 115.01°′ (c)36.08cm
2
4. Diagram 5 shows two triangles PQT and TRS. Given that PQ = 24 cm, TS = 12 cm,
0
32 TPQ ∠ = , PT = TQ and PTS and TRQ are straight lines.
(a) Find the length, in cm, of PT,
(b) If the area of triangle PQT is three times the area of triangle TRS, find the length of TR.
(c) Find the length of RS.
(d) (i) Calculate the angle TSR.
(ii) Calculate the area of triangle QRS.
Answer: (a) 14.15 cm, (b) 5.563 cm, (c) 10.79 cm, (d)(i) 27.60
o
(ii) 46.31 cm
2
5. Diagram 6 shows a triangle PQR.
(a) Calculate the length of PR.
(b) A quadrilateral PQRS is now formed so that PR is the diagonal, PRS ∠ = 40
o
and PS = 8
cm. Calculate the two possible values of PSR ∠ .
(c) Using the obtuse PSR ∠ in (b), calculate
(i) the length of RS,
(ii) the area of the quadrilateral PQRS.
Answer: (a) 10.62 cm (b) 58.57
o
; 121.43
o
(c) (i) 3.964 cm ; (ii) 47.34 cm
2
6. Diagram 7 shows a camp of the shape of pyramid VABC. The camp is built on
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 44
Diagram 5
32
o
24 cm
12 cm
T
S
R
Q
P
R
75
o
10 cm
7 cm
Q
P
Diagram 6
 45 
a horizontal triangular base ABC. V is the vertex and the angle between the inclined
plane VBC with the base is 60°.
C
A
Given VB = VC = 25 cm and AB = AC = 32 cm and BAC ∠ is an acute angle. Calculate
(a) BAC ∠ if the area of ABC ∆ is 400 cm
2
,
(b) the length of BC,
(c) the lengths of VT and AT, where T is the midpoint of BC,
(d) the length of VA,
(e) the area of VAB ∆
Answer: (a) 51.38
o
(b) 27.74
o
(c) 20.80 cm; 28.84 cm (d) 25.78 cm (e) 315.33 cm
2
*****************************************************************************
*
INDEX NUMBER
1. Table 1 shows the price indices and percentage usage of four items, P, Q, R, and S, which are
the main ingredients of a type biscuits.
Item Price index for the year 1995 based on
the year 1993
Percentage of usage (%)
P 135 40
Q x 30
R 105 10
S 130 20
Table 1
Calculate,
(a) (i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM37.70
(ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its price index in the
year 1993 based in the year 1991 is 120.
(b) The composite index number of the cost of biscuits production for the year 1995
based on the year 1993 is 128. Calculate,
(i) the value of x,
(ii) the price of a box of biscuit in the year1993 if the corresponding price in the
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 45
B
V
Diagram 7
 46 
year 1995 is RM 32.
Answer: (a)(i) RM29 (ii) 162 (b)(i)125 (ii) RM25
2.
Diagram 1
A technology product consists of five components, V, W, X, Y and Z. Diagram 1 shows a bar
chart showing the daily usage of the components used to produce the technology product.
The following table shows the prices and the price indices of the components.
Component
Price in the year 2001
(RM)
Price in the year 2003
(RM)
Price index in 2003
based on 2001
V 13.00 16.25 y
W 12.50 17.25 138
X 2.50 x 106
Y 14.90 22.35 150
Z z 24.50 140
(a)
Find the values of x, y and z.
(b) Calculate the composite index representing the cost of the technology product in
the year 2003 using the year 2001 as the base year.
(c) If the total monthly cost of the components in the year 2001 is RM1.5 million, find
the total monthly cost of the components in the year 2003.
(d) If the cost of each component rises by 23% from the year 2003 to 2004, find the composite
index representing the cost of the technology product in the year 2004 based on the year
2001.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 46
V W X Y Z
47
34
22
12
3
Daily Usage ( RM)
Component
 47 
Answer:
3.
(a) In the year 1995, price and price index for one kilogram of certain grade of rice is
RM2.40 and 160 respectively. Based on the year 1990, calculate the price per
kilogram of rice in the year 1990.
Item Price index in
the year 1994
Change of price index from the
year 1994 to the year 1996
Weightage
Timber 180 Increased 10 % 5
Cement 116 Decreased 5 % 4
Iron 140 No change 2
Steel 124 No change 1
Table 2
(b) Table 2 shows the price index in the year 1994 based on the year 1992,
the change in price index from the year 1994 to the year 1996 and the weightage
respectively. Calculate the composite price index in the year 1996.
.
Answer : (a) 1.50 (b) I
Timber
= 198, I
Cement
= 110.2; 152.9
4. Table 3 shows the price indices and the weightages of Azizan’s monthly expenses in the
year 2005 based in the year 2004.
Expenses Price index in 2005 based on 2004 Weightage
Rental 108 3
Food 120 4
Car installment 102 2
Miscellaneous 112 1
Table 3
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 47
 48 
(a) If the expenses for miscellaneous in the year 2005 was RM 1 456 , find the
miscellaneous expenses in the year 2004.
(b) If the rental increases by 10% from the year 2005 to the year 2006,find the price index for
the rental in the year 2006 based on the year 2004.
(c) Calculate the composite index for the expenses in the year 2005 based on the year 2004.
(d) The price index for food in the year 2006 based on the year 2205 is 105. If the expenses
on food in the year 2006 were RM3150, find the expenses on food in the year 2004.
Answers : a) 1300 b) 118.8 c) 112 d) 2500
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
1. An institution offers two computer courses, P and Q. The number of participants for course
P is x and for course Q is y. The enrolment of the participants is based on the following
constraints:
I : The total number of participants is not more than 100.
II : The number of participants for course Q is not more than 4 times the number of
participants for course P.
III : The number of participants for course Q must exceed the number of
participants for course P by at least 5.
(a) Write down three inequalities, other than x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0, which satisfy the above
constraints.
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the
region R that satisfies all the above constraints.
(c) Using your graph from (b), find
(i) the range of the number participants for course Q if the number participants for
course P is 30.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 48
 49 
(ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month
for course P and Q are RM50 and RM60 respectively.
Answer:(a) x + y ≤ 100, y ≤ 4x, y – x ≥ 5 (c) (i) 35 ≤ y ≤ 70 (ii) Point (20, 80), RM5 800
2. A food analysts is supplied with two containers of food, Whiskers and Friskies. The
comparison of one scoop of food from each of the two containers is shown in the
following table.
Food Protein Fat Carbohydrate Fibre
1 scoop Whiskers 24 gm 8 gm 48 gm 10 gm
1 scoop Friskies 8 gm 16 gm 32 gm 10 gm
Table 1
The analysts knows that an animal requires at least 96 gm of protein, 80 gm of fat, 288 gm of
carbohydrate and not more than 100 gm of fibre each day.
(a) If the analysts mixed x scoops of Whiskers with y scoops of Friskies, write down the
system of inequalities satisfied by x and y. Hence, by using 2 cm to 2 unit on both axes
construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints.
(b) If 1 scoop of Whiskers costs RM2 and 1 scoop of Friskies costs RM3, find the mixture
that provides
(i) the cheapest food.
(ii) the most expensive food.
(c) Could the animal be fed on a satisfactory diet using
(i) food from Whiskers only,
(ii) food from Friskies only.
Give your reason.
Answer:(a)
3 + 12 , + 2 10 , 3 + 2 18 , + 10 x y x y x y x y ≥ ≥ ≥ ≤
(b) (i)RM 17 (ii) RM 29
3. An air craft company is going to purchase planes of type Wing and X – far . They will
purchase x units of X – far and y units of Wing planes. The company has set the
condition below:
I : X – far plane consume 100 liters of fuel for a single month. Wing planes consume
70 liters of fuel. Total fuel consumption for one month is at most 3500 liters.
II : X – far planes can take in 200 passengers while Wing planes can take in 100
passengers. Total passengers the planes must take at any time must be at least
3000.
III: Total number of planes purchased must at least 20 units.
(a) State the inequality that defines the condition above other than
0 and y 0 x ≥ ≥
.
(b) Construct the graphs and mark the region R that represents the conditions above. Use a
scale of 2 cm for 5 Wing planes and 2 cm for 5 X – far planes.
(c) The company makes a profit of RM220 for X – far and RM165 for Wing planes from its
sales. Identify the minimum amount of profit that the company will obtain.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 49
 50 
Answer:(a)
10 + 7 35, 2 + 30, + 20 x y x y x y ≤ ≥ ≥
(c) RM3870
4. A furniture workshop produces tables and chairs. The production of tables and chairs
involve two processes , making and shellacking. Table 3 shows the time taken to make
and to shellack a table and a chair.
Product Time taken (minutes)
Making Shellacking
Table 60 20
Chair 40 10
Table 3
The workshop produces x tables and y chairs per day. The production of tables and chairs
per day is subject to the following constraints.
I: The minimum total time for making tables and chairs is 600 minutes.
II: The total time for shellacking tables and chairs is at most 240 minutes.
III: The ratio of the number of tables to the number of chairs is at least 1 : 2.
(a) Write three inequalities that satisfy all of the above constraints other than
0 and y 0 x ≥ ≥
.
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm for 2 units of furniture on both axes , construct and shade the
region R which satisfies all of the above constraints.
(c) By using your graph from (b), find,
(i) the maximum number of chairs made if 8 tables are made.
(ii) the maximum total profit per day if the profit from one table is RM30 and from
one chair is RM20.
Answer:(a)
3 + 2 30, 2 + 24, 2 x y x y y x ≥ ≤ ≤
(c)(i) 8 (ii)RM420
****************************************************************************
MOTION ALONG THE STRAIGHT LINE
1. A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity,
v ms
1 −
, is given by 5 6
2
+ − = t t v , where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving O .
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
(a) Find
(i) the initial velocity of the particle,
(ii) the time interval during which the particle moves towards the left,
(iii) the time interval during which the acceleration of the particle is positive.
(b) Sketch the velocitytime graph of the motion of the particle for 5 0 ≤ ≤ t .
(c) Calculate the total distance traveled during the first 5 seconds after leaving O.
Answer: (a) (i) v= 5 (ii) 1 < t < 5 (iii) t > 3 (c) 13 m
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 50
 51 
2. Diagram 1 shows the object, P, moving along a straight line and passes through a fixed
point O. The velocity of P, v m s
─1
, t seconds after leaving the point O is given by
v = 3t
2
– 18t + 24 . The object P stops momentarily for the first time at the point B.
P
O B
Diagram 1
(Assume rightispositive)
Find:
(a) the velocity of P when its acceleration is 12 ms
– 2
,
(b) the distance OB in meters,
(c) the total distance travelled during the first 5 seconds.
Answer: (a) 9 ms
– 1
(b) OB = 20 m (c) 28 m
3. The velocity of an object which moves along a straight line, v ms
−1
, t s after passing
through a fixed point O is v = pt − qt
2
, where p and q are constants. It is known that
the object moves through a distance of 7
3
1
m in the 2
nd
second of it’s motion and
experiences a retardation of 4 ms
−2
when t = 3.
(a) Find the value of p and of q.
(b) It is also known that the object moved with a velocity of 6 ms
−1
initially at the
point A and again at the point B. Find the time taken for the object to move
from A to B.
(c) Hence if the object stops momentarily at the point C, find the distance between
the point B and the point C.
Answer: (a) p = 8, q = 2 (b) 2 s (c)
3
1
3
m
Diagram 2 shows the object P and Q moving in the direction as shown by the
arrows when the objects P and Q pass through the points A and B respectively.
Diagram 2
The displacement of the object P from A is represented by s
P
and the
displacement of the object Q from B is represented by s
Q
. Given s
P
= t
2
+ 4t
and s
Q
= t
2
 8t, where t is the time, in seconds , after P and Q pass through point
A and B respectively and simultaneously . Given AB = 60 m.
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 51
P Q
A B
60m
4.
 52 
(a) Find the time and position where the objects meet.
(b) Find the time and position of object Q when it reverses its direction of motion.
(c) Find the velocity of object P when object Q reverses its direction of motion.
(d) Sketch the graph of displacement  time for object Q for . 10 0 ≤ ≤ t
(e) Find the time interval when the object Q moves to the left.
Answer: a) 5 s, 45 m on the right of A b) 4 s, 16 m on the left of B. c) 12 m s
1
(e)
. 4 0 < ≤t
Permutation and Combination
1 a) 4 Girls 3 Boys
Answer : 5! , 3! = 720
b) 6 • 5 • 4 • 3 • 3 • 2 • 1 = 2160
Centre
2 9 !  ( 8! x 2! ) = 282240
3 4 x 3 x 2 x 2 = 48
Centre
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 52
 53 
4 W A L I D
a) 1 x
4
C
2 = 6
b) 1 x 1 x
3
C
1
= 3
5 7 boys, 6 Girls
a)
7
C
3
x
6
C
5
= 210
b)
6
C
1
x
7
C
7 = 6
6 a) (
10
1
4
1
)
5
1
5
1
= × +
b)
5
P
3
x
4
P
2
= 720
7
5
P
3
x
3
P
2
= 360
8 a)
12
C
5
= 792
c)
6
C
1
x
7
C
7 X
2
C
1
= 160
http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 53
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