Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) >the “protocol of the internet” >used for the exchange of routing information of IGP

(OSPF, RIP, EIGRP) >used for the communication between IGPs and the internet or between service providers

*Interdomain Routing AS – collection of networks/router/IP prefixes under a single admin     Autonomous System AS number – 16 bit, range of 1-65535 Public AS #: 1-64511 >managed by Internet registry Private AS #: 64512-65535 > private networks

IGP – run inside an AS (intra-AS routing)    Interior Gateway Protocol RIP, OSPF , EIGRP Used to find the optimum(fastest) route between points

EGP – run bet. AS to enable routing policies and improve security   Exterior Gateway Protocol BGP - used to support IGPs, the EGP used today

*BGP Characteristics >a distance vector protocol w/ enhancement: reliable updates, triggered updates only, rich metrics (path attributes) >for huge networks

Reliable updates     TCP used as transport protocol No periodic updates Periodic keepalives to verify TCP connectivity Triggered updates batched and rate-limited: every 5 sec. (internal); 30 sec. (external)

environments that require complex routing policies BGP uses TCP for reliable transport – CPU intensive Scalability means slower convergence Common BGP uses     Customers connected to more the one service provider Service provider networks (transit AS) Service providers exchanging traffic at an exchange point (NAP) Network cores of large-enterprise customers .Protocol development considerations    Designed to perform: interdomain routing applications. huge internetwork with large routing tables.

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