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Pump-Handbook Gordon S. Bolegoh

Pump-Handbook Gordon S. Bolegoh

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Published by: shiva1985 on Jun 16, 2009
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•The power end comprises the crankshaft, connecting rod,
crosshead, pony rod, bearings, and frame (Figure 74).

Chapter 4: Reciprocating Pumps 99

ref. guide chpt. 4 1/9/01 10:46 AM Page 99

FIGURE73. Types of Check Valves

Reproduced with permission of McGraw-Hill from Karassik, I. J. (ed).
Pump Handbook,2nd ed., 1986.

100Pumps Reference Guide

, ,

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,

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,

SKETCH

B

A

B

A

B

A

A

B

B

A

TYPE

PRESSURE

APPLICATION

Plate

Wing

Ball

Plug

Slurry

5,000

10,000

30,000

6,000

2,5000

Clean fluid. Plate
is metal or plastic.

Clean fluids,
Chemicals

Mud, slurry. Pot
dimensions to API-12.
Polyurethane or
Buna-N insert

Chemicals

Fluids with particles.
Clear, clean fluid
at high pressure.
Ball is chrome plated.

A=Seat Area
B=Spill Area

ref. guide chpt. 4 1/9/01 10:46 AM Page 100

Crankshaft

•The crankshaft provides the method of obtaining oscillating
motion on the plunger. An eccentric offset equivalent to one
half the required stroke is cast into this component. The
connecting rod is affixed to this offset and transfers the
power.

Connecting Rod

•The connecting rod transfers the rotating force of the crank-
shaft to an oscillating force on the wrist pin. Connecting
rods are split pendicular to their center line at the crankpin
end for assembly of the rod onto the crankshaft.

FIGURE74. Power End of a Horizontal Power Pump

Reproduced with permission of McGraw-Hill from Karassik, I. J. (ed).
Pump Handbook,2nd ed., 1986.

Chapter 4: Reciprocating Pumps 101

,

Oil Scoop

,

Crankshaft

Frame

Crossway

Crosshead

Vent

Wrist Pin

Pony Rod

Load on
Connecting Rod

Load on Frame

ref. guide chpt. 4 1/9/01 10:46 AM Page 101

Crosshead

•The crosshead moves in a reciprocating motion and trans-
fers the plunger load to the wrist pin. The crosshead is
designed to absorb the radial load from the plunger as it
moves linearly on the crossway.

Bearings

•Both sleeve and anti-friction bearings are used in power
pumps. Some frames use all sleeve, others use all anti-
friction, and still others use a combination of both types
of bearings.

Frame

•The frame absorbs the plunger load and torque. On vertical
pumps with an outboard stuffing box, the frame is in com-
pression. With horizontal single-acting pumps, the frame is
in tension.

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