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The Ukrainian Weekly 1943-06

The Ukrainian Weekly 1943-06

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www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com
www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com

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05/11/2014

Український

РІК Li.

Щ о д е н н и к Ч.

Ukrainian Daily
VOL. I X N o . 24.

24.
ї«да

II.

Щ|е ®feratman Meekly
Dedicated to the needs and interest of young Americans of Ukrainian descent. No. 6 J E R S E Y C I T Y , N . J . , S A T U R D A Y , F E B R U A R Y 6, 1943
AIR

VOL· X I

Religion In The Soviet Union
l l ^ I T H I N recent t i m e s , e s p e c i a l l y since o u r c o u n t r y a n d S o v i e t U n i o n h a v e been a l l i e s a g a i n s t H i t l e r , t h e r e h a s been a t e n d e n c y b y s o m e t o m a k e it a p p e a r t h a t t h e S o v i e t r e g i m e n e v e r h a s persecuted religion. I n ­ deed, last D e c e m b e r t h e e m b a s s y o f t h e U . S . S . R . m a i l e d o u t a b r o c h u r e d e s i g n e d t o c r e a t e t h a t impression. T h i s is c o n t r a r y t o f a c t s , b o t h p r o v e n a n d f o r m a n y y e a r s a d m i t t e d b y t h e U . S . S . R . itself. O f course, w i t h i n recent t i m e s t h e r e h a s been s o m e c h a n g e in t h e official S o v i e t a t t i t u d e t o w a r d religion. It a p p e a r s t o h a v e b e c o m e a bit m o r e tolerant—officially. S t i l l the f a c t r e m a i n s t h a t religion h a s been persecuted v e r y m u c h u n d e r t h e S o v i e t r e g i m e . T h e r e f o r e t h e r e is no sense f o r a n y o n e to d e n y t h e obvious. T o g i v e o u r r e a d e r s a c h a n c e to j u d g e t h i s m a t t e r f o r t h e m s e l v e s , we publish below t h e S o v i e t view o f it t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e view o f A m e r i c a n c h u r c h m e n . T h e first is a release sent t o u s f o r p u b l i c a t i o n b y " S o v i e t R u s s i a T o d a y " ( p u b l i s h e d in N e w Y o r k C i t y ) , a n d t h e s e c o n d is a s c h o l a r ­ ly s t u d y p r e p a r e d b y t h e I n f o r m a t i o n S e r v i c e o f t h e F e d e r a l C o u n c i l o f t h e C h u r c h e s o f C h r i s t in A m e r i c a . W e p u b l i s h b o t h o f t h e m below in t h e i r entirety, w i t h o u t a n y editorial c h a n g e s , deletions, o r corrections.

MEDAL GIVEN TO ! It was stated that President RooseSERGEANT H O N C Z A R V K velt directed t h a t t h « H o n c z a r y k b e A Cohoes, N . Y . airman, and U k - ! decorated for "meritorious achiever a i n i a n b y descent, S t a f f S e r g e a n t ' m e n t . while p a r t i c i p a t i n g in a n a i r P e t e r G . H o n c z a r y k , a m e m b e r o f s t r i k i n g mission a g a i n s t e n e m y o b t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s A r m y A i r C o r p s , * * * i v e s º ¤ N o v e m b e r 18, 19*2." h a s been d e c o r a t e d f o r " m e r i t o r i o u s " R e a c h i n g its t a r g e t a r e a in t h e a c h i e v e m e n t " in b a t t l e a t t h e direc¯ I B u i n · T o n o l e t a r e a , S o l o m o n I s l a n d s , t i o n o f P r e s i d e n t R o o s e v e l t , it w a s his flight succeeded in b o m b i n g a reported recently. n u m b e r o f e n e m y s u r f a c e vessels i n Major General Millard F . Harmon, commanding the United States A r m y A i r G r o u n d F o r c e s in t h e S o u t h e r n Pacific a r e a , presented S t a f f S e r g e a n t Honczaryk with the Government's A i r M e d a l on D e c e m b e r 22, a c c o r d i n g t o a n official a n n o u n c e m e n t . t h e f a c e o f intensive a t t a c k s b y a l a r g e f o r c e o f e n e m y fighter a i r planes, several o f w h i c h w e r e des t r o y e d in t h e e n s u i n g a i r b a t t l e . A s a result o f t h i s b o m b i n g , one l a r g e e n e m y t r a n s p o r t w a s blown u p a n d other ships damaged."

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t h e people's ideals, sanctified b y t h e C h u r c h , c a n n o t even for a m o m e n t g r e a t e s t t r a d i t i o n s o f t h e O r t h o d o x a l l o w t h e t h o u g h t of a possible a c C h u r c h a n d a t t h e s a m e t i m e spirit- c e p t a n c e f r o m t h e h a n d s o f o u r u a l l y m o s t f r u i t f u l f o r t h e people's e n e m y o f a n y privileges o r a d v a n t salvation, that our P a t r i a r c h a l a g e s . A s s u r e d l y he is no pastor, w h o C h u r c h i s t r y i n g t o s t a n d , a n d is s e e i n g t h e a p p r o a c h i n g wolf t h a t is c a l l i n g i t s c l e r g y t o follow t h e s a m e a l r e a d y r e n d i n g t h e flock, will in h i s PATRIARCH O F MOSCOW D E C L A R E S C H U R C H IS NOT soul e n t e r t a i n t h e t h o u g h t o f a r r a n g ¯ road. PERSECUTED T h e course of b e h a v i o r of o u r ¦ i n g his personal affairs. I t is c l e a r (From "Soviet Russia Today") R u s s i a n C h u r c h in connection w i t h ¡ t h a t t h e C h u r c h once f o r a l l m u s t the fascist ' c r u s a d e " is c l e a r l y de- connect its f a t e w i t h t h e f a t e of i t s flock for life a n d f o r d e a t h . A n d fined. I n h i s p r e f a c e t o * T h e T r u t h \bout н Ш th T h e f a s c i s t " c r u s a d e " h a s a l r e a d y t h i s s h e does not f r o m c u n n i n g calR e l i g i o n i n R u s s i a " a boo¿ c t a l ¾ н Т " t h e P a t r i a r c h a t e o f M o s c o w , p £ t r l · b v ¡hf<¿% ¦¾ Р о ^е г m e a s u r e s b u r s t upon o u r c o u n t r y , is a l r e a d y c u l a t i o n t h a t v i c t o r y is g u a r a n t e e d t o е o u r land, b u t in fulfillment o f h e r arch Sergius. head of the Orthodox designed for the C h u r c h in Russia, d e c l ¿ £ *" " º º * * < > - incumbent duty, as a mother seeing d e , C h u r c h i s not persecuted. A t r a n s · virinL· ¿wv' m e r e l y P l a c e s a n d d e s t r o y i n g o u r hisA

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how the Bolsheviks caught Bishop П AMERICAN SCHOLAR DECLARES CHURCH IN SOVIET UNION T h i s b o o k is a n a n s w e r first o f | A n d r e i U k h t o m s k y w a l k i n g n e a r a IS P E R S E C U T E D all t o t h e " C r u s a d e " o f t h e f a s c i s t s j r a i l r o a d a n d s h o t h i m on t h e spot u n d e r t a k e n b y t h e m , a s i f f o r t h e ¦ s o t h a t h e fell on t h e rails " w i t h ( F r o m I n f o r m a t i o n S e r v i c e o f t h e F e d e r a l C o u n c i l of the C h u r c h e s of C h r i s t " f r e e i n g " o f o u r people a n d o u r Or< h i s k n a p s a c k on his s h o u l d e r s . " B u t in A m e r i c a ) t h o d o x C h u r c h f r o m t h e B o l s h e v i k s . ! t h e " v i c t i m " lived m a n y y e a r s l a t e r B u t in a d d i t i o n t h e b o o k g i v e s a n in g o o d he¶ilth a n d occupied t h e posi· W i t h t h e shift to t h e " n e w eco­ A t h o r o u g h s t u d y , " R e l i g i o n in S o ­ a n s w e r t o t h e c o m m o n q u e s t i o n : ! tion o f E x a r c h . ' O r f o r e x a m p l e , t h e viet R u s s i a , " b y N . S . Timasheff, a s ­ nomic p o l i c y " in 1921 c a m e a direct D o e s o u r C h u r c h recognize i t s e l f a s i r r e c o n c i l a b l e B i s h o p V i t a l y , let it s i s t a n t p r o f e s s o r o f s o c i o l o g y , F o r d ­ a t t a c k on religion a s a c o u n t e r b a l ­ p e r s e c u t e d b y t h e B o l s h e v i k s a n d is і be k n o w n i n A m e r i c a , t h a t A r c H h a m u n i v e r s i t y , a n d a n E a s t e r n O r ­ a n c e f o r t h e economic shift.' I n 1923 it a s k i n g a n y o n e t o free it f r o m s u c h b i s h o p O s t r p z h s k y S i m o n h a d been requisitioning of all c h u r c h t h o d o x l a y m a n , is s u m m a r i z e d here. t h e persecutions? ¦tortured to death by the R e d A r m y U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e noted, q u o t a t i o n s t r e a s u r e not a c t u a l l y u s e d in wor­ T o those who are convinced that occupation o f the a r e t a k e n f r o m the v o l u m e . U n d e r s h i p b r o u g h t on a serious conflict. p e r s e c u t i o n o c c u r s , t h e line o f c o n - ¦ f c f º ¤ s o f t h e U k r a i n e , y e t lo a n d t h e czarist r e g i m e before 1905 reli­ M a n y h i g h d i g n i t a r i e s of t h e O r t h o · duct t a k e n b y o u r C h u r c h r e g a r d · : behold, t h e y speedily discovered in g i o u s p r o p a g a n d a w a s p e r m i t t e d o n l y dix a n d R o m a n C a t h o l i c c h u r c h e s i n g t h e f a s c i s t i n v a s i o n m u s t o f A m e r i c a t h a t t h e " t o r t u r e d " A r c h - t o t h e G r e e k O r t h o d o x c h u r c h a n d were tried a n d a n u m b e r e x e c u t e d . c o u r s e s e e m forced a n d not corresP a s well a s ever, C h u r c h b u i l d i n g s were t u r n e d o v e r " n o person born o f G r e e k O r t h o d o x ponding to the inner hope of the T h e y see persecution chiefly in t h e p a r e n t s c o u l d e v e r c h a n g e his re­ t o t h e L i v i n g C h u r c h , 84 b i s h o p s were C h u r c h ; a n d t h e p r a y e r f o r v i c t o r y g o v e r n m e n t rejection o f t h e a g e - l i g i o n . " O t h e r recognized religions expelled f r o m their sees a n d m o r e of t h e R e d A r m y m a y s e e m o n l y t h e l o n g union w i t h t h e C h u r c h , a s a re- were tolerated but d i s c r i m i n a t e d t h a n a t h o u s a n d priests f r o m their fulfillment o f a c o m m a n d , p r o f o r m a , | suit o f w h i c h t h e C h u r c h , t o be a g a i n s t in v a r y i n g d e g r e e s . I n 1905 p a r i s h e s to m a k e r o o m s for t h a t or­ in o t h e r w o r d s , o n e o f t h e p r o o f s e x a c t , C h u r c h i n s t i t u t i o n s , e.g., m o n - | a n i m p e r i a l decree g r a n t e d m u c h g a n i z a t i o n . I n 1923, however, local of t h e u n f r e e d o m o f t h e C h u r c h even a s t e r i e s a n d t h e c l e r g y a s a c a s t e o r m o r e toleration. a u t h o r i t i e s were ordered t o a l l o c a t e within t h e w a l l s of t h e T e m p l e . ¡ p r o f e s s i o n , w a s deprived o f c e r t a i n ¦ t h e c h u r c h b u i l d i n g s a m o n g the e x ­ T h e first s t e p in the B o l s h e v i k i s t i n g religious g r o u p s . W e s h a l l not c o n c e a l t h a t certain | r i g h t s ; n a m e l y , possession o f l a n d s a t t a c k on t h e O r t h o d o x c h u r c h w a s people w h o a r e a c t u a t e d b y covet- a n d c o m m e r c i a l enterprises, v a r i o u s F r o m 1923 t o 1928 new m e t h o d s o u s a n d e g o i s t i c a l i n t e r e s t s a n d n o t c a s t e p r i v i l e g e s d i s t i n g u i s h i n g t h e m t h e decree of J a n u a r y 23, 1918, sep­ were used t o a t t a c k religion. A m o n g arating church and state. T h e church by t h e i n t e r e s t s of the C h u r c h w o u l d from " p l a i n people," etc. these were increased t a x a t i o n of the w a s deprived of its c o r p o r a t e j u r i d i ­ prefer t h e C h u r c h to be h y p o c r i t i c a l M e a n w h i l e plain o r t h o d o x people, land occupied by c h u r c h e s ; c o m p u l ­ r a t h e r t h a n sincere in i t s a t t i t u d e h e a r i n g in t h e gospel t h e a d m o n i t i o n s cal rights, i t s p r o p e r t y w a s n a t i o n a l ­ s o r y i n s u r a n c e of c h u r c h b u i l d i n g s ; к t o w a r d t h e S o v i e t r e g i m e , a n d par­ of C h r i s t to t h e A p o s t l e s , r e a d i n g ized a n d religious i n s t r u c t i o n in t h e ¡ f o r b i d d i n g p r i v a t e religious instruct i c u l a r l y i n t h e m a t t e r o f l i t u r g i c a l t h e epistles of S t . P a u l , o r t h e life s c h o o l s w a s forbidden. T h e decree tion t o children in g r o u p s of m o r e a n d o t h e r h e l p t o t h e R e d F r o n t . of s o m e C h r i s t i a n hero, s u c h a s S t . p r o c l a i m e d freedom of conscience. than three; making church holidays T h e s e people w o u l d w i l l i n g l y f o r g i v e J o h n C h r y s o s t o m , inclined to see in T h e c o n s t i t u t i o n o f 1918 declared w o r k i n g d a y s ; f o r b i d d i n g t h e s a l e u s h y p o c r i s y , b u t t h e y g o i n t o a t h e c h a n g e t h a t occurred, not per- t h a t m i n i s t e r s of religion were non· of C h r i s t m a s t r e e s a n d E a s t e r f o o d ; . r a g e w h e n t h e y find t h a t w h a t we s a y secution, b u t a speedy r e t u r n t o w o r k e r s a n d s e r v a n t s of t h e b o u r - j a n d the work of the M i l i t a n t A t h e -we t h i n k i n o u r s o u l s . A p o s t o l i c t i m e s , w h e n t h e C h u r c h j geoisie, a n d deprived of the franchise, j ists* l e a g u e , o r g a n i z e d in 1925. E v e n n o w in t h e twenty-fifth y e a r a n d h e r s e r v a n t s f o l l o w e d t h e t r u e T h u s , t h e y could not e a r n m o n e y t o ¦ F r o m 1926 on, t h i s o r g a n i z a t i o n a f t e r t h e R e v o l u t i o n , it is possible r o a d t o w h i c h t h e y h a d been c a l l e d s u p p l e m e n t t h e d o n a t i o n s o f their j disseminated ant і religious propagan~ t o meet h e r e a n d t h e r e s u c h a t t i t u d e s . by C h r i s t , w h e n t h e y l o o k e d u p o n parishioners a n d t h e i r children c o u l d | d a o f " t h e m o s t violent c h a r a c t e r , I t is k n o w n t h a t t h e t h e m e o f per­ t h e i r s e r v i c e s not a s a profession n o t a t t e n d t h e s e c o n d a r y s c h o o l s a n d A l l m e a n s , i n c l u d i n g m u s i c h a l l s , s e c u t i o n o f religion in R u s s i a never a m o n g o t h e r s e c u l a r professions, sec- universities. O n l y s t a t e m a r r i a g e a n d p l a y i n g c a r d s a n d t h e children's d i s a p p e a r e d f r o m t h e p a g e s o f t h e u r i n g f o r t h e m m e a n s o f livelihood, divorce were r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e f a m - A B C s , were pressed i n t o s e r v i c e . " f o r e i g n , h o s t i l e press, a n d U i c e m ­ b u t a dedi ration t o "the calling o f ily decree o f 1918. I n 1921 t h e r e l i - ¦ T h e tone o f t h i s p r o p a g a n d a w a s i g r a n t C h u r c h press. M o r e o v e r t h e y C h r i s t . g i o u s e d u c a t i o n of o r g a n i z e d g r o u p s g r o s s l y b l a s p h e m o u s a n d ¾rudely d w e l t r o t o n l y on e x c e s s e s , u n a void- · I t i s u p o n t h i s road, glorified b y of c h i l d r e n u n d e r 18 w a s f o r b i d d e n . i n s u l t i n g . ( T o be ooneladed¿
; a t t h e и т е o f t n e B L S H O S i m o n 1 8 4

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I T h e o r g a n i z a t i o n w a s i n close c o n · | tact with progressive Ukrainian W o m e n in t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d C a n a d a , w h o i n 1939 u n i t e d t h e i r l o c a l g r o u p s within the Association of U k r a i n i a n K · *I¢¾t A s s o c i a t i o n of D o m e s t i c W o r k - W o m e n ' s C o m m u n i t i e s o f A m e r i c a . By Y A R O S L A V J . C H Y Z ·· <з) ers of L v i w w i t h three. affiliates, in (Continued) » *. # b,hAother t o w n s . TH_ UKRAINIAN WOMEN'S '*Developing F o l k A r t " — I r e n e Pa \·A Ladies Marian Society, a Catholic -. l % a . C o u r t o f P r i n c e s · O l g a CONGRESS likovska. hu¡r*| o r g a n i z a t i o n , w h i c h a l s o o r g a n i z e d O r g a n i z e d i n J u l y , 1938, t o re"The Literary W o r k of U k r a i n i a n | peasant girls and women coming to A N £ of the most important under· place the Ukrainian Women's L e a g u e W o m e n T e a c h e r s " — O s s i p a Zakhin ska. ·work i n c i t i e s in o r d e r t o protect takings of the Ukrainian W o "The R o l e o f W o m e n i n t h e C o · t h e m f r o m c i t y p i t f a l l s a n d f r o m a f t e r i t s t e m p o r a r y suspension b y men's L e a g u e of L v i w was the W o Polish authorities. A f t e r the suspenoperative M o v e m e n t " — N e o n i l a S e l e z · d e n a t i o n a l i z a t i o n . m e n ' s C o n g r e s s h e l d on J u n e 23-27, sion w a s r e v o k e d t h e C o u r t o f P r i n і ink ova of Radek hiv. The ¾port C l u b "Strila". ( A r r o w ) 1934, i n S t a n i s l a v i v . T h e · p r o g r a m cess O l g a r e m a i n e d a s political or* T h e W o m a n i n D o m e s t i c E c o - in L v i w ; t h e only Ukrainian women's ganization of Ukrainian women until of t a l k s delivered t h e r e r e v e a l s . a a t h l e t i c a s s o c i a t i o n in W e s t e r n Uknomy**·—Olga L t s c h i n s k a . the beginning of the Second World v a s t field o f s u b j e c t s in which U k " W o m a n ' s E c o n o m i c I n d e p e n d e n c e " raine, a n d s e v e r a l o t h e r religious, War. T h e organization was headed r a i n i a n w o m e n o f the past decade: — D r . C h a r i t y K o n o n e n k o o f U z h o r o d . c u l t u r a l a n d s t u d e n t societies in the by M i l e n a R u d n i c k a . C o n s t a n t i n o h a v e been interested. Following a r e " T h e Duties· of W o m e n in the F i e l d p r o v i n c e s o f ·VoihynS», P o l e s s i a , B u Malicka, Olena Fedak-Sheparovich t h e t h e m e s o f these speeches,. with Of Hygiene**—Dr. S o p h i a V o w c h u k of: k o v i n a a n d C a r p a t h o · U k r a i n e . « K the names o f - those ·who delivered .or. , ~ ^* ~ "* . . . . J a n d Irene Gurgula. Lviw. A t the.Congress, the World Union; » ? w r o t e t h e m ( s a m e were read in a b I- - " T i \ e W o r k of · W o m e n in S o c i a l o f U k r a i n i a n W o m e n w a s founded. -· sentia): ,.... W e l f a r e T ~ Dn... X e n i a Y a n o v i c h »of N o mention is made in the a b o v e Its honorary president b e c a m e P r o f . " N a t a l i a K o b r i n s k a and the W o - L v i w . S o p h i a R u s s o v a . a n d its president a c c o u n t o f w o m e n ' s o r g a n i z a t i o n i n .. men's. Movement i n Galicia a n d B u k o · " P h y s i c a l C u l t u r e and. S p o r t s in M i l e n a R u d n i c k a . S o v i e t U k r a i n e , i.e., in t h a t p a r t o f vina·"—Mary Strutinska of L v i w , the L i f e of a W o m a n " — C e c i l i a P a - A f t e r t h e C o n g r e s s t h e activities'от* U k r a i n e w h i c h h a d a l r e a d y . b e e n u n ­ "The History ot> th*<· W o m a n ' s iiev o f L v i w U k r a i n i a n W o m e n ' s L e a g u e o f L v i w d e r C o m m u n i s t d o m i n a t i o n ' before t h e M o v e m e n t - i n dBastern U f c r a i n e " - Z i n - : \ the Current 7оаг&Г still e x p a n d e d a n d in 1938 t h e L e a g u e o u t b r e a k o f t h e present w a r . D u r aida .Мігга . o i P r a g u e . g J ¾ r e n d s < o f t h e W o r W A W o m e n ' s M o v e - h a d s o m e 70 r e g i o n a l affiliates w i t h ¦ J¤* e x i s t e n c e o f t h e independent " T h e D u t i e s rof ¾¾nigre W o m e n — i t ' ^ H a i m a Caikatenko Keller. close t o 70ft l o c a l b r a n c h e s a n d T 5 , . ! *-*¤Pte*· R e p u b h c ; the M a r y . L m t s k a of Warsaw. ^ j > « - O r g a n i z a t i o n a t JDuties o f Y o u n g 000 m e m b e r s . . f w o m e n ' s m o v e m e n t w a s g i v e n a ¾pur. "The Condition of W o m e n , a n d % n " - O x a n a Lemecha of Lviw. :, -_ " _ . л І All over Ukraine W o m e n ' s . C o m C h i l d r e n in S o v i e t U k r a i n e " — L ¿ d i a . i " T h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o n n e c t i o n s o f A l s o a f t e r t h e C o n g r e s s t w o ¾¾jj^ltto· a n d W o m e n ' s S o c i e t i e s w e r e S a d o v s k a Of P r a g u e . ¦ W o m e n ' s O r g a n i z a t i o n s " ^ D r - D a r i a o r g a n i z a t i o n s o f U k r a i n i a n w o m e n ih O n N o v e m b e r 14, l f t l ¾ v t h e y " T h e D u t i e s of U k r a i n i a n W o m e n j j o f ;Lviw . W e s t e r n U k r a i n e h a v e b e e n founded. L·¿j¿^¿ * women's congress, and B e y o n d t h e O c e a r t — H e l e r r L o t o t s k y | «'Qur i m m e d i a t e *Duties i n O r g a n · · issued t h e Z h i a o c h e y V i s t n y k ( T h e of N e w Y o r k . * ozational A c t i v i t i e s " R e p r e s e n t a t i v e ТІ«> Ukrainian W o m e n ' s Community¾"¦j"¾ 'Women and Religion — Olena ьШепа Rudnicka of Lviw. «··of t h e B o l s h e v i k s m t h e W i n t e r o f ZaChariasevich of Lviw. In the.Congress· program are also Ukrainian working women whq ¦ . . _ activities andvthey '*The F a m i l y a n d P e r s o n a l M o r a l s listed t h e n a m e s of U k r a i n i a n w o · s y m p a t h i z e d w i t h t h e U k r a i n i a n S o ­ were n e v e r revived. T h e C o m m u n i s t s as the Basis of Civic Morals^—Irene j » o ^ n i a a t i o n s s h o w i n g h o w f a r c i a l i s t - R a d i c a l P a r t y ·in W e s t e r n U k - r e g a r d s e p a r a t e w o m e n ' s o r g a n i z a Vilde of Kolomea. t h e m o v e m e n t a d v a n c e d d u r i n g t h e ] r a i n e b e l o n g e d t o g r o u p s k n o w n a s t i o n s a s **bourgeois" m a n i f e s t a t i o n s . * T h e S i g n i f i c a n c e of P r e - E d u c a t i o n - fifty-years C o m m u n i t i e s , T h e w o m e n o f S o v i e t U k r a i n e partisince t h e f o u n d i n g o f t h e i r U k r a i n i a n . - W o m e n ' s ¡al· Training '·—-Prof. S o p h i a R u s s o v a first o r g a n i z a t i o n , і » t h e s a m e c i t y w h i c h w e r e l o c a t e d m a i n l y i n t h e cipate . only h i C o m m u n i s t - d o m i n a t e d of· P | r a g u e . of S t a n i s l a v i v . T h e associations listed v i l l a g e s . T h e s e C o m m u n i t i e s u n i t e d o r g a n i s a t i o n s of b o t h m e n a n d w o " T h e . , O r g a n i z a t i o n of Pre - E d u ca -. . [ t h e m s e l v e s w i t h i n the f r a m e w o r k o f | m e n , t i o n a l T r a i n i n g vn G a l i c i a " — S o p h i a - . „ i ¾ k n r i n i a » WomenA» L e a g u e of the A s s o c i a t i o n of U k r a i n i a n W o r k Rakova of L v i w . L v r w ; w i t h 67 r e g i o n a l b o a r d s a n d m g W o m e n , w h i c h before t h e o u t · ¡ Bolshevik occupation of L v i w * T h e ^ U k B a i n l a n W o m a n ' s A t t i t u d e a b o u t five h u n d r e d ' l o c a l affiliates. | b r e a k o f t h e present w a r held t w o a n d W e s t e r n U k r a i n e w i t h t h e R u s s o ¯ T o w a r d E d u c a t i o n " — S e n a t o r O l e n a ¾ . . . . ¶ ¡ ^ W o m a n ' s Co»operative **Trad"¦conventions. 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W e l l , t h e a n Г is said o f W i l l i a m S h a k e s p e a r e , g r e a t discoveries, g r e a t w a r s , rehc o l l o q u i a l a n d l i t e r a r y U k r a i n i a n , cient G r e e k s a n d R o m a n s t h o u g h t t h a t in a l l h i s p l a y s a n d v e r s e s g i o u s f e r m e n t , a n d t h e g e n e r a l s t i m · ¡ L ¡ t e r a r y U k r a i n i a n i s still v e r y close a n d expressed t h e m s e l v e s in a s m a n y he used some sixteen thousand ·nine o * Renaissance? P a r t l y to the everyday U k r a i n i a n . It is words. W h y ? Because the ancient w o r d s . W h a t i s m o r e , not · o n l y did M o r e i m p o r t a n t , however, w a s t h e still a s close t o t h e l a n g u a g e of t h e G r e e k contained a l m o s t n o t h i n g e l s e h e t h i n k a n d write in s i x t e e n t h o u - fact t h a t t h e E l i z a b e t h a n s t h o u g h t , m a s s e s of t h e 45 million U k r a i n i a n b u t G r e e k w o r d s . L a t i n c o n t a i n e d a l s a n d words, b u t h e used all· t h e m | · p o k e , a n d w r o t e in t h e E n g l i s h o f people a s t h e l i t e r a r y E n g l i s h o f j m o s t n o t h i n g eise b u t L a t i n w o r d s . t o t h e best possible a d v a n t a g e . H e t h e m a s s e s o f t h e E n g l i s h people, S h a k e s p e a r e w a s t o t h e colloquial The. s a m e is t r u e of o v e r s e v e n t y k n e w h o w t o ' e x p r e s s h i m s e l f per^¡ T h e l i t e r a r y l a n g u g e w a s still a speech of t h e bulk o f E n g l i s h m e n | t h o u s a n d o f U k r a i n i a n w o r d s w h i c h f e c t l y ; his t h o u g h t s flowed w i t h ¦ v e r y close reflection of the e v e r y d a y f h i s d a y . U k r a i n i a n s c a n point І a r e still in use in the e v e r y i a y U k e a s e : a n d h i s w a y s o f t h i n k i n g a n d ? s p o k e n E n g l i s h . A n d since t h e E n g - j T a r a s S h e v c h e n k o , M a r k o V o v - r a i n i a n in U k r a i n e . T h e y a r e n o t h w r i t i n g were v e r y flexible, B u t he ¦ l « b people at t h a t t i m e were still a ¦ K u l i s h , a n d N e c h u y - L e v i t s k y i n g b u t U k r a i n i a n , closely r e l a t e d in w a s not t h e o n l y one in h i s a g e w h o s t r o n g l y e m o t i o n a l a n d s i n g i n g peoh e i r beet " E l i z a b e t h a n s . " E v e n ! f o r m s a n d ideas. H e n c e it is e a s y k n o w h o w t o u s e g o o d a n d rich T h e l i t e r a r y l a n g u a g e t h e n a s still a t h o s e w h o h a v e b u t t h r e e o r f o u r ¦ t o f o r m even t h e most c o m p l i c a t e d E n g l i s h well. M o s t o f the E « z a b e t h - - v e r y rich, flexible, a n d melodious: f U k r a i n i a n p r i m a r y school scientific n a m e s out o f p u r e U k r a i n a n E n g l i s h w r i t e r s used v e r y c h o i c e <* Shakespeare's time, h o w · u n d e r s t a n d quite well S h e v c h e n k o ' s ian w o r d s . O f course, b y this t i m e a n d flexible E n g l i s h . W i t n e s s , f o r ever, l i t e r a r y E n g l i s h h a s b e c o m e ¡ p o e m s o r M a r k o V o v c h o k ' s stories, s o m e w o r d s from o t h e r l a n g u a g e s , e x a m p l e , t h e wonderful t r a n s l a t i o n m o r e a n d m o r e d e t a c h e d from t h e ^ o w , does t h i s m e a n t h a t S h e v c h e n - ¦ s u c h A t h e G r e e k , L a t i n , G e r m a n , of the B i b l e t h e E l i z a b e t h a n w r i t e r s ¦ e v e r y d a y E n g l i s h spoken b y t h e \ 0 j M a r k o V o v c h o k used j u s t a ¦ a n d even E n g l i s h , h a v e been adopted m a d e f o r K i n g J a m e s Ї , t h e s u e · m a s s e s of the E n g l i s h people, a b - t h o u s a n d o r t w o o f t h e simplest w o r d s b y t h e U k r a i n i a n writers, especially eessor of Q u e e n E l i z a b e t h . K i n g s o r b i n g more a n d m o r e purely t e c h n i · t h e i r w o r k s ? N o t at a l l . I t s i m p l y ¦ for scientific purposes. S t i l l t h e perJ a m e s ' V e r s i o n of t h e B i b l e stHl h a s c words from G r e e k a n d L a t i n f o r m e a n s t h a t even a n a v e r a g e U k r a i n · ¦ c e n t a g e of such w o r d s in t h e litern o rival a s t o t h e b e a u t y of its E n g - different professions. B y now it h a s j · v i l l a g e r , w i t h no school e d u c a · a r y U k r a i n i a n is r e l a t i v e l y v e r y low, iish. B u t n e v e r a g a i n did the Er\g· o v e r 500,000 words. T o d a y l i t e r a r y tion at a l l , t h i n k s a n d e x p r e s s e s him-^s U k r a i n i a n s p r e f e r t h e i r own w o r d s a lish w r i t e r s t h i n k and write with a s E n g l i s h h a s b e c o m e so c o m p l e x t h a t ^ j f i t least t w e n t y t h o u s a n d s even f o r t e c h n i c a l t e r m s so th·»t e v e r y m u c h ease, flexibility, and simple | e d u c a t e d E n g l i s h m a n or E n g l i s h - words. M o s t of t h e U k r a i n i a n vil- b o d y , w o u l d u n d e r s t a n d t h e m . O f b e a u t y a s - t h e y d u r i n g t h e reign f P S A m e r i c a n c a n g e t a l o n g l a g e r s , in f a c t , t h i n k a n d s p e a k i. course one c a n find also v e r y m a n y in Queen E l i z a b e t h (1558-1603) a n d ! w i t h o u t a sizeable d i c t i o n a r y a t h a n d , m o r e t h a n t w e n t y t h o u s a n d w o r d s p u r e l y i n t e r n a t i o n a l w o r d s in t h e U k d u r i n g the first q u n r t e r of t h e ' T h e r e are s o m e 500,000 w o r d s in I f a n y one h a s a n y doubt a b o u t t h i s r a i n i a n E n c y c l o p e d i a <There is one seventeenth century. t h e present d a y E n g l i s h . B u t i s s t a t e m e n t , let h i m g e t hold o f B o r i s in t h r e e t h i c k volum¢s—U'icrainska W h e t · w a s the secret¯ o f t h e i r abil» t h e r e a n y o n e w h o k n o w s so m a n y ¡ H r i n c h e n k o ¾ D i c t i o n a r y of U k r a i n · Z a h a l n a E n t s y k J o p e d i a ) . ity t o do t h i s ? H o w could S p e n s e r , w o r d s ? N o , a s not even one t e n t h fan L a n g u a g e , w h i c h c o n t a i n s over In short, U k r a i n i a n s h a v e deM a r l o w e . S h a k e s p e a r e , B e n J o h n s o n o f t h e 500.000 w o r d s a r e a c t u a l l y 6 8 t h o u s a n d U k r a i n i a n w o r d s , a n d veloped their literary l a n g u a g e s o and o t h e r g r e a t E l i z a b e t h a n s mar* · u s e d ; not even b y t h e best E n g l i s h read a l o u d w o r d a f t e r w o r d to s o m e well d u r i n g t h e last 140 y e a r s t h a t shf»l with s u c h ease a n d b e a u t y t h e * w r i t e r s . E v e n t h o s e w h o possess a'inteHlgerrt but a l m o s t illiterate U k - t o d a y it c o n t a i n s all t h e n e c e s s a r y *housands of E n g l i s h w o r d s ? W a s ¦ h i g h school e d u c a t i o n n e v e r use m o r e rainian, a s k i n g ' h i m i f h e u n d e r · ¡ w o r d s f o r e v e r y possible u s e : f o r ¿t because t h e y lived m t h e a g e o f | t h a n s i x t h o u s a n d w o r d s . T h e b u l k s t a n d s a n d c a n use t h e w o r d s in t h e ! science, medicipe, law, philosophy,

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THE STORY O f UKRAINIAN IITERATURE

CHRONOLOGY OF THE NAZI RECORD
4933^1943
————___
S H O R T LIST OF T H E MORK CONSPICUOUS DATES OF T H E D A R K D E C A OK S B y t h e Office of W a r I n f o r m a t i o n <Continued) —

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| ^ О О Ш Ї Ю agsinst the b a c k g r o u n d ¡ S of U k r a m i a n h i s t o r y a n d c a s t i n g j Ф-¿Д]_ and all o t h e r s into t h e s h a d o w ш t h e fig-· bipped T a r a s for the s l i g h t e s t (2) ш е of Тагла Shevchenko, t h e great j¿a»cied mfraction of obedience. B u t 1935 % U k r a i n i a n poet, p r o p h e t , ' a n d ^ a r - 1 S h e v c h e n k o ' s a m b i t i o n t o o b t a i n a n -· the m o s t important ¾ e « d u c a t i o n w a s s o t h a t i a e p i t e l Jan. 13.—Saar. plebiscite. t tSrr.—and in t h i s s t o r y o f U k r a i n i a n l i t e r a t u r e . of t h ¢ *'dyak's" mistreatment of him і J a n . ·I»—Nazis conscript c h i l d r e n ; Feb. 2 6 . — G o e r i a g b e g i n s o p e r a t i o n order m i l i t a r y t r a i n i n g f o r a l l G e r ­ - R a r e l y in w o r l d h i s t o r y h a s a n i n - h e did learn h o w . t o rend, a n d <write. of L u f t w a f f e . m a n c h i l d r e n f r o m 10 t o 18 y e a r s o f d i v i d u a l gripped the h e a r t s , t h e im- j. B e i n g , <t im a b 1 e, < h o we ve r, t o . e n d u r e a g i n a t i o n , a n d the intellect of a n a - t h e h a r d s h i p s , b e a t i n g s , insults, and - M a r c h 17.—Saar returned t o Ger- age. ' і - F e b . 10.—Gestapo given control o f t i o n t o s u c h a n e x t e n t a n h a s Shev«І b « n g e r a n y l o n g e r , h e r a n a w a y f r o m many. _ _ , c h e n k o d o n e t o t h a t o f t h e U__rau> \ ·· yak." Mareh 4.^-rNaai. decree> permits c o n c e n t r a t i o n c a m p s , m a d e independ­ ! ian. p e o p l e . A n d w h a t i s m o r e r a r e l e a d e r s o£ t r a d e a n d ., industrial or- ent o f a d m i n i s t r a t i v e c o u r t s . G e s t a p o "This w a s t h e first <despot w h o m УГ^пгГ'_"> ~ ^ ~ > "a p"e n S e ' "'¡may arrest victim and hold h i m 1 is t h e spell his s p i r i t c o n t i n u e s t o learned t o k n o w / ' ^ e v c 4 ^ k o ^ " | i n d e f i n i t e l y even i f h e h a s been a c i K exercise bn t h i s v e r y d a y over t h e | _ _ . *[quitted by* e§vil c o u r t s . He taught m e the inextin· ' most varied classes of the U k r a i m a n . . j e v e r smce'1 M * « * Ш*¿Шйя* b r e a k s V e r s a i l l e s *March 7 . — N a z i s b r e a k L o c a r n o n a t i o n ; r i c h man» p o o r m a n , l e a r n e d ¦ ^ ^у^^ ¿n¿ d o m i n a t i o n · t r e a t y , ·erdere conscription, b e g i n s P a c t , t r o o p s o c c u p y R h i n e l a n d . m a n . u n l e t t e r e d man---al·l fall u n d e r L·| _ expansion.of army. ¦ | 2Л. — N a a i · < S c b n t z e t a f f e U t h e s w a y o f his mnuence, all worship ^ wotmded a n d shocked M a r c h 17. — G e s t a p o a r r e s t s 700 E l i t e G u a r d ) -absorbed< irito G e s t a p o , bin m e m o r y a n d t e a c h i n g s . [ t u r n b y t h i s despotic ¾chool· p a s t o r s , i n c l u d i n g p a s t o r N i e m o e l l e r , J u l y 11.—Hitler signs treaty w i t h It_ m u s t i n d e e d h a v e been s o m e u n - j . j h a r d e n e d i t s e l f a g a i n s t t h e t o prevent t h e i r r e a d i n g p r o t e s t A u s t r i a , p r o m i s e s t o recognise A u s ~ u s u a l power within h i m , his life, world, t h e w a y t h e h e a r t s o f help· a g a i n s t N a z i i d o l a t r y f r o m pulpits, trian frontier, f o r c e s concessions f o r a n d h i s w o r k s t o >evoke f o r h a m s u c h less men a l w a y s harden themselves March » I . - L e i p z i g a g r e e m e n t ? N a a ¡ fifth c©hapniat i n A u s t r i a , a feeling o f love, respect, a n d sub­ until a t ; l e n g t h ,· p a t i e n c e e n d s a n d L a b o r F r o n t s u r r e n d e r s f u n c t i o n s t o Sept. 8 . — N a z i s announce four~ 1 Л Ш mission, a m o n g o u r people—a people v e n g e a n c e a n dS aflightл ensue. O n e d a y N a z i M i n i s t r y o f E c o n o m i c s , t h u s ¡ y e a r plan f o r self-sufficiency in w a r . w h o b y n a t u r e a r e r a t h e r s u s p i c i o u s w h e n I found h i m l y i n g in a d r u n k e n completing enslavement of G e r m a n ) Oct. 25,—Rome-Berlin A x i s formed, o f a n y u n u s u a l t a l e n t « r power, f 6 r ¦ workers to the Nazi Party. Л Q d t 2tfc—Nazis fix· a r b i t r a r y p r i c e s - f e a r >that s u c h t a l e n t or, p o w e r l¾ight ¡ ^ „ сшЖ M a r c h 2 8 . — N a z i M i n i s t r y of i n · | o f all commodities> a « d services, i n ­ - b e u s e d t o f u r t h e r e % p i e i t o r o p p r e s s | s t r e n g t h in r e p a y m e n t o f h i s ' c m e l t y terior assumes " A u t h o r i t y " o v e r | e l u d i n g · d o c t o r s ' fees, t h e a t e r a d them. ¦to me." Protestant Church. ^ m i s s i o n t i c k e t s , « В ·agricultural p r o ­ I t w o u l d be interesting, t h e r e f o r e , | ^ j t e ¿ g h b o n n g village, Shev__ , . , , , d u c t s , t r a n s p o r t a t i o n c o s t s a n d prac> t o ге-examme some o f 4 h o s e qualities. otrntered a group of artists U n d e t e r m i n e d n u m b e r of P « e s t s _¿ £d , . and acts which have enshrined S h e y - j decorating t h e local church, a n d nuns arrested throughout G e r - ¡ , . _ , c h e n k o f o r e v e r i n t h e h e a r t s of t h e , H a v i n g been· a l w a y s interested in m a n y , c h a r g e d w i t h s m u g g l i n g secur> ^ º * · 1 » . — H i t l e r recogntees G e n e r a l U k r a m i a n people; especially since j painting and drawing, Shevchenko ities out o f G e r m a n y . branco. most of us, y o u n g Ukrainian A m e r | h i s lot in w i t h t h e m , I M a r c h 29.-¿-Hitler Y o u t h 0 - ^ i z a - L ^ ^ 1^ ® * * » * * * «*в» c a n s , k n o w s o v e r y little a b o u t h i m . i t h a t f o r t h e w o r k h e w o u l d t i o n s —a d^ independent o f S - , g i — n A n t i - C o m m i n t e r n P a c t . ' ^A m e ve ' **®º· * · — y o u t h s In G e r m a n y d o f o r t h e m , t h e y w o u l d t e a c h h i m m a j o r s t a t u s in p a r t y o r g a n i z a t i o n . Childhood D a y s | h o w t o paint. B u t s u c h did not April 1 5 . — N a z i P a r t y p r o p e r t y deinto H i t l e r Y o u t h O r g a n i z a ~ T a r a s S h e v c h e n k o w a s b o r n in t h e | ^ cage. T a r a s w a s c l a r e d e x e m p t f r o m t a x a t i o n . ti©ns. little v i l l a g e o f Morintsi, n e a r K i e v , g i v e n t h e t a s k o f c a r r y i n g w a t e r f o r 19S7 R e i c h s b a n k a n n o u n c e s p a y m e n t s on a d i s t r i c t w h e r e i n t h e H a y d a m a k i in t h e m a n d g r i n d i n g colors on a n iron D a w e s L o a n t o b e m a d e i n special J a n . 1 8 . — H i t l e r s c h o o l s ordered t o 1768 h a d risen i n rebe^tt.a^_inst| ./ьій^ onee "wHS^te ^ v e n their Polish overlords. B o r n a s e r f , i c h a n c e t o paint. S e e i n g h e w a s m a r k s f o r u s e o n l y in G e r m a n y . |train favored youths as future subS h e v c h e n k o · s e a r l y c h i l d h o o d d a y s j ^ t i n g h i s t i m e , h e r a n a w a y once . M a y 1 2 . — Й Н І е г youtfr a t t a c k A r c h · [ F u e h r e r s . w e r e b u t a n e v e r r e c u r r i n g c y c l e o f [ m o r e . T h i s t i m e h e b e c a m e a sheep- b i s h o p o f P a d e r b o r n a t H a m m , G e r - j j 2 0 . — N a z i s set u p d i s c i p l i n a r y ¡many. ·courts t o t i g h t e n political c o n t r o l o f . misery and poverty. W h e n he was _ t r e a t y w i t h | G e r m a n business, u..^nine y e a r s o f a g e , h i e m o t h e r <bed. herder. " I l o n g e d , he l a t e r wrote, " t o s h e p h e r d t h e innocent flocks. to expand His f a t h e r , u n a b l e t o t a k e c a r e o f f a n c y i n g t h a t while t h u s e n g a g e d , I ' , Mo.,,, v ^ , o І. J a n . 2 6 — A l l civil service e m p l o y „ " tl_e c h i l d r e n h¿n_seif, _narried a g a i n . , i h a v e a n o p p o r t u n i t y t o r e a d G e r m a n N a v y b e y o n d 35 p e r c e ¤ t < ^ ^ ^ . . . ^ . of _ ¾ g l a n d ' s L r e d to take oath of allegiance The step-mother, a w i d o w , b r o u g h t undisturbed b y t r e a s u r e d stolen pic to Hitler. N a z i s order six months compul· h e r o w n c h i l d r e n t o t h e S h e v c h e n k o t u r e b o o k . " T h i s h e did while t e n d Feb. 2 . — N a z i s set u p "Auslanda h o m e , a n d f r o m t h e n c e d a t e s one o f ing t h e flocks, a n d d r e a m e d of t h e ! ^ m«¤anual l a b o r m l a b o r c a m p s A b t e i l u n g " to organize Germans t h e m o s t m i s e r a b l e periods o f t h e d a y w h e n h e w o u l d b e c o m e a m a n i ' f * » У º ºº**a s***<* . ** a b r o a d . p o e t ' s life. ,of l e a r n i n g . A l a s ! these d r e a m s l e d | < * . *"* ^ . РГеш-«Ury F e b r u a r y 1 8 . — N a z i " M i n i s t e r o f A l r e a d y a s n y o u n g lad, T a r a s ¦ h i m i n t o trouble, f o r t h e l a m b s b e - ¦ -' » » d o c t n n a t i o n C h u r c h e s , " H a n s K e r r l , describes r e Shevchenko exhibited unusual talent, g a n to wander a w a y ~ a n d soon T a r a s | ¤ ^ surrection of C h r i s t a s " r i d i c u l o u s . " for l e a r n i n g a n d p a i n t i n g . S e e i n g w a s relieved o f h i s duties b y t h e i n · ! * * в · — N a z i s d e n y w o r k e r s freeM a r c h issue o f m a g a z i n e " R a s s e " c h i l d r e n o f t h e l a n d o w i n g c l a s s e s d i g n a n t sheep-owner. c h o o s e j o b s : L a b o r e x c h a n g e ( " R a c e " ) condones i l l e g i t i m a c y , l a u d s getting a n education, he yearned to O n e d a y , S h e v c h e n k o , m e t a p a i n t · \f¦? ^ e m p l o y m e n t serv- u n m a r r i e d m o t h e r o v e r childless w i f e . d o likewise, b u t b e c a u s e of h i s s t a t u s er w h o , p e r c e i v i n g g r e a t talent in h i m , i c e . a s a s e r f h e c o u l d not. F i n a l l y he m a n - b e c a m e quite interested in h i m . H e J u l y 15 - N a z i rowdies b e a t uni ~* ^º P a g e d t o p l a c e h i m s e l f u n d e r t h e tute- w o u l d h a v e i m m e d i a t e l y apprenticed " n o n - A r i a n " d ^ n ^ n ^ t r ^ e t s o f * * f ! º¤ * ¦ A p r i l 2 9 . — N a z i s p l a c e 1,000 p r i e s t s l a g e of t h e l o c a l v i l l a g e c h u r c h pre t h e t a l e n t e d l a d t o h i m s e l f a n d t a u g h t Bterlin. . erlin a n d n u n s on trial f o r **immorality" centor-the ·dyak." Shortly after· ¡ - ^ ¡ thing J u l y 1 8 . — G o e r i n g issues decree orthroughout southern and Western w a r d s h i s f a t h e r died. T a r a s now j w a s a serf. S o T a r a s d e r i n g relentless e x t e r m i n a t i o n o f Germany. b e c a m e a n o r p h a n , w i t h h i s lot worse went t o his m a n o r - l o r d a n d b e g g e d "political Catholicism"; o r d e r s t e a c h May. 9 . — N a z i s order m a l e y o u t h s t h a n before. for his freedom, e x p l a i n i n g t h e reas- er-priests t o g i v e positive s u p p o r t t o t o w o r k e r s ' service or m i l i t a r y s e r v S t u d y i n g u n d e r t h e v i l l a g e " d y a k " ons. Nazi regime. B u t t h e y o u n g lord, E n g e l h a r d t ice. w a s ¾ v e r y difficult taa¾. H e did not by n a m e , i n s t e a d o f freeing T a r a s , Aug. 1 1 . — N a z i s t o r m troops deJ u n e 2 5 . — N a z i s t a k e o v e r financial h a v e a n y sort o f a p r i m e r o r g r a m - m a d e him his l a c k e y . m o n s t r a t e a g a i n s t priests in M u n i c h , m a r book, b u t h a d t o l e a r n t o read c r y " s t i c k t h e priests a n d J e w s regulation of P r o t e s t a n t C h u r c h . In S t . P e t e r s b u r g against the W a l l " . J u l y 1.—Nazis arrest P a s t o r N i e moeller a g a i n f o r p r o t e s t i n g N a z i reE n g e l h a r d £ w a s a m a n w h o did a|~» S e p t 1 5 . — N a z i s p a s s N u r e m b u r g religion, e t c . A n d a s e v e r y U k r a i n g r e a t deal of t r a v e l i n g t h r o u g h v a r i · і L a w s , s t a r t i n g violent r e l i g i o u s a n d ligious persecution. W a v e of a r r e s t s ian h a s o v e r t w e n t y t h o u s a n d w o r d s of Protestant pastors throughout o u s countries, a n d w h e r e v e r he w e n t І racial persecution. at his c o m m a n d f o r t h i n k i n g a n d . Germany. s p e a k i n g he is a b l e t o e x p r e s s in h i s ¡ Perforce h a d g o too. B u t ¡ N a z i " N a t i o n a l i t y A c t " divides -Aug. 11.—Nazi decree o r d e r s new l a n g u a g e even s o m e o f t h e finest I a l t h o u g h t h e new m a s t e r w a s a h a r d ¦ G e r m a n p o p u l a t i o n into " c i t i z e n s " m e m b e r s of p a r t y to be recruited s h a d e s of m e a n i n g . | t a s k m a k e r yet now T a r a s w a s a b l e | a n d "state subjects'· — latter a r e f r o m fully indoctrinated H i t J e r y o u t h . A s t o its m e l o d i o u s a n d full-toned a^< bit more o f s p a r e time, ¡ t h o s e o f " s i m i l a r " blood t o G e r m a n , Oct. 13.—Nazi G e r m a n y g u a r a n t e e s q u a l i t i e s - U k r a i n i a n h a s n o rival | w h i c h h e utilized t o g o o d a d v a n t a g e , j w h o a r e permitted t o " s e r v e " G e r " i n v i o l a b i l i t y " of B e l g i u m . a m o n g t h e S l a v i c l a n g u a g e s . E v e n p a i n t i n g a n d d r a w i n g e v e r y c h a n c e ¦ m a n y but a r e denied full political Nov.—Italy Joins "Anti-Commint h e g r e a t e s t P o l i s h poet, A d a m M i c - he got. S e v e r a l t i m e s he w a s c a u g h t ¡ rights. ~ tern P a c t . " kiewicz, wondered w h y t h e melodious d o i n g this, a n d received a good w h i p · | N a z i s w a s t i k a flag made official Dec. 24.—Pope P i u s X I d e n o u n c e s U k r a i n i a n l a n g u a g e did not b e c o m e p i n g . F i n a l l y , however, c a m e t h e d a y \ flag o f t h e R e i c h , t h e l a n g u a g e of all the S l a v i c peo· when E n g e l h a r d t perceived the b o y ¦ g * . 2 4 - N a z i decree o r d e r s com persecution of C a t h o l i c C h u r c h in pies. C o u n t £ £ M * * s a i d o n c e h a d a g r e a t deal o f talent f o r paint^ £ ^ of s U t e ^ r Z- G e r m a n y . t h a t a n y people t h a t h a v e a s b e a u t i - . n g a n d s e e i n g in it a chance t o rjh . ·«Minister of C h u r c h (To be · c o n t i n u e d )
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N o v . 2 8 . - A U G e r m a n s between A c a d e m y . A n d some C z e c h l i n g u i s t s m £ ^ l h a ^ d L ¦ h^a dl ? p ^ n^ ^ r t ^ « placed in a r m y h e a to nropounded t h e idea t h a t U k r a i n i a n f reserve. w o u l d be t h e best m e d i u m f o r c o m · ¡ * £ f * , ? ; ^ "¦¦. Z^L·A^W! fllZ¯ D e c . 29. — P a s t o r N i e m o e l l e r re. . j · _ _ , „ ^„ , · c h e n k o later, c o m b i n e d the f u n c · . , . _ »·_*__v-w_-«_ _¾ men understand·ng a m o n g the S l a v « church reader a n d d e a c o n ^ . *º . ^ ^ \ t>««hing peoples. ¦ -¡protests a g a i n s t N a z i persecution o f Winnipeg, C a n a d a ! ( C o n t i n u e d on p a g e 5) |the church.

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No. 6

Seven ¡principles of UkrainianCanadian Federation
( A t it«» recently-held convention, t h e Ukrainian National Federation o f C a n a d a adopted resolutions setting forth its¡ objects and principles in a manner which with a few obvious changes, such a s the substitution of American for C a n a d i a n , could well serve a similar purpose for various Ukrainian American organizations. O n that account we print them below. -Editor.)
1

Somewhere In The Pacific
Thousands of U k r a i n i a n A m e r i ­ c a n s a r e s e r v i n g in t h e various branches of the A r m e d Forces of t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , a n d a considerable n u m b e r h a v e seen a c t i o n in d i s t a n t l a n d s . I t i s g o o d to h e a r f r o m t h o s e w h o m a y be o u r b r o t h e r s o r o t h e r relatives, a n d it is g o o d t o h e a r f r o m o u r friends, p a r t i c u l a r l y i f t h e y a r e s t a t i o n e d i n s o m e f a r off l a n d m e r e l y identified a s " s o m e w h e r e . " O n c e i n a g r e a t w h i l e one o f u s e x p e r i e n c e s the pleasure of receiving a n unex­ p e c t e d l e t t e r f r o m a service m a n w h o w a n t s t o b e o u r friend. S u c h w a s t h e experience of this writer w h o r e c e n t l y received a n u n e x p e c t e d l e t t e r from a United States Marine sta­ tioned " S o m e w h e r e in t h e P a c i f i c . " T h i s letter, however, i s o f g e n e r a l interest since it c o n c e r n s a l l o f t h e M a r i n e ' s friends a n d t h e m e m b e r s of B r a n c h 276 o f t h e U k r a i n i a n N a ­ tional A s s o c i a t i o n . I t r e a d s a s fol­ lows: t o m y surprise, I received a l o n g awaited copy o f T h e Ukrainian W e e k l y a f e w d a y s a g o a n d w a n t to t h a n k y o u . I requested i t q u i t e s o m e time a g o while back in the States, a n d received a f e w i s s u e s n o w a n d then. I would like t o keep on getting it " N o w f o r m y s e l f : I a m in t h e Marine C o r p and m y name is Private First Class· J o s e p h Gebet, a member o f t h e g o o d o l d U · N A . B r a n c h 276 of Ambridge, Pa., of which you have probably heard m u c h about. I helped o r g a n i z e B r a n c h 34 o f A m b r i d g e , a youth group, and later transferred to the senior group in order to a s s u m e d u t i e s in t h a t b r a n c h . I t h i n k a lot o f o u r U·N«A., a n d a m p r o u d t o be a m e m b e r . " H e r e where I a m stationed we h a v e v e r y little r e a d i n g m a t t e r a n d what we get we read from top t o bottom and cover to cover. I would like y o u t o m e n t i o n i n t h e W e e k l y that I would appreciate hearing from s o m e o f o u r friends. І w o u l d a p p r e ­ c i a t e it m o r e t o c o n t i n u e r e c e i v i n g t h e W e e k l y . F i n a l l y , I once a g a i n thank you and would appreciate hearing from y o u as here there are only a few of us U k r a i n i a n s . " B ¢ a y G o d g i v e u s the p o w e r t o e n d t h i s bloody w a r .

W e believe t h a t t h e s e m a l a d j u s t ­ m e n t s c a n be effectively c o r r e c t e d b y a d e q u a t e social a n d p o l i t i c a l r e f o r m s through the workings on our par­ liamentary system, t h r o u g h evolution a n d n o t revolution. W e believe t h a t e v e r y citizen o f C a n a d a , w i t h o u t distinction o f race, creed, t r a d e o r o c c u p a t i o n , i s entitled to a n equal educational opportunity and to social security through a more equitable distribution of national w e a l t h . W e believe t h a t e v e r y w o r k ­ e r is entitled to s e c u r i t y o f h i s e m ­ p l o y m e n t , t o f a i r w a g e s f o r h i s work, a n d t o t h e s a f e g u a r d i n g o f h i s in­ t e r e s t s b y t r a d e unions. W e believe t h a t e v e r y f a r m e r is e n t i t l e d t o a f a i r price f o r h i s p r o d u c t s o n a p a r i t y w i t h t h e price level for industrial products. », * * < · —

The O b j e c t s and P u r p o s e s of the I k ruin ¡an N a t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n of Canada A r e : · ~ 1. W i t h i n t h e limit o f l o y a l t y t o C a n a d a a n d t h e spirit o f her c o n stitution:

( a ) to develop a n d s a f e g u a r d t h e l i g h t o f the c o m m u n i t y o f U k r a i n i a n Canadians to equal participation w i t h o t h e r citizens of C a n a d a in t h e 4. W e believe in o u r c u l t u r a l t r a d i ­ " S o m e w h e r e in t h e Pacific p r i v i l l e g e s , o p p o r t u n i t i e s a n d duties tions. With the U . S.. Marines, o f c i t i z e n s h i p s o t h a t e a c h m a y reW e believe t h a t in p r e s e r v i n g o u r J a n u a r y , 21, 1943. ceive c o m p l e t e s o c i a l s e c u r i t y in h i s c u l t u r a l t r a d i t i o n s e x p r e s s e d in o u r everyday wants. m u s i c , literature, a r t a n d p h i l o s o p h y , " D e a r T e d : ( b ) t o develop a n d s a f e g u a r d the w e a r e e n a b l e d t o c o n t r i b u t e o u r "You are probably wondering right and opportunity of the com- share to C a n a d i a n national culture, ' w h o t h e d i c k e n s is t h i s w r i t i n g to m u n i t y o f U k r a i n i a n C a n a d i a n s t o і W e believe in p r e s e r v i n g t h i s pre¯ m e ? ' . . . s o Г11 tell y o u . Y o u n o t i c e я free political, e c o n o m i c a l , r e l i g i o u s cious h e r i t a g e o f o u r a n c e s t o r s . W e I call y o u b y y o u r first n a m e ; the a n d c u l t u r a l p r o g r e s s , a n d in parti­ | b e l i e v e t h a t o u r l o y a l t y t o t h i s heri- r e a s o n f o r t h i s i s t h a t I ' v e r e a d quite " K e e p ' e m flying b y b u y i n g W a r c u l a r , to preserve f o r t h e f u t u r e g e n ­ t a g e is l o y a l t y to* a free spirit o f a f e w o f y o u r a r t i c l e s a n d s o feel B o n d s a n d S t a m p s . e r a t i o n s in C a n a d a the intrinsic v a l u e s C a n a d i a n n a t i o n a l life. t h a t I k n o w y o u v e r y well. T h e r e a s o n " A faithful Ukrainian, of Ukrainian culture and traditions. f o r m y w r i t i n g t o y o u is t h a t , m u c h * ' * * ( c ) in a wOrd, t o c a r r y o n a c t i v i ­ " P . F . C . Joseph Gebet/* t i e s for the purpose o f d e v e l o p i n g in 5 . ' W e believe in m o r a l principles o f P r i v a t e G e b e t desires t o h e a r f r o m C a n a d a a free a n d full life w i t h e q u a l Christianity. v i c t o r y f o r C a n a d a a n d t h e U n i t e d fellow U k r a i n i a n A m e r i c a n s b a c k i n rights»«> opportunities a n d d u t i e s f o r W e believe t h a t religious principles N a t i o n s , t h i s v i c t o r y t o be o f per­ e a c h a n d e v e r y C a n a d i a n , w i t h o u t a n d s e n t i m e n t s a r e deeply i m p l a n t e d m a n e n t v a l u e t o h u m a n i t y m u s t be t h e S t a t e s , w h i c h m e a n s u s . H e r e ' s o u r c h a n c e t o g e t a c q u a i n t e d with a d i s t i n c t i o n of race, creed, t r a d e o r in h u m a n n a t u r e a n d t h a t a l l at- followed b y a j u s t peace. fellow U · N . A . m e m b e r w h o is w i t h occupation and with a guarantee of tempts to forcibly eradicate them t h e M a r i n e s " s o m e w h e r e in t h e P a - T h i s c o n v e n t i o n believes t h a t t o social security. | a n d s u b s t i t u t e " f o r t h e m a m a t e r i a l ¯ s a f e g u a r d a j u s t peace, t h e f o u r free­ cific." A r e w e g o i n g t o let h i s plea ( 2 ) W i t h i n t h e l i m i t s of l o y a l t y t o ¦ istic i d e o l o g y h a v e resulted> o n l y in d o m s e n u n c i a t e d b y P r e s i d e n t R o o s e ­ f o r friends g o u n h e e d e d ? O f course C a n a d a to support morally and mat­ degrading us, a s human beings. velt a n d t h e principles o f t h e A t ­ I n o t ! W e ' r e g o n g t o w r i t e t o o u r e r i a l l y the efforts o f t h e U k r a i n i a n * * * l a n t i c C h a r t e r s h o u l d be a p p l i e d n o t fighting friend. W e ' l l w r i t e a n d k e e p n a t i o n t o w a r d s t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t on [ o n l y t o t h e peoples a n d n a t i o n s w h o ¦ h i m f r o m m i s s i n g t h i n g s h e r e a t t h e U k r a i n i a n t e r r i t o r i e s o f a free, in­ 6. W e believe in freedom o f a l l .peobefore t h e w a r a l r e a d y e n j o y e d t h e i r h o m e b y t e l l i n g h i m t h e news. W e l l dependent a n d s o v e r e i g n , U k r a i n i a n ples. n a t i o n a l s o v e r e i g n t y b u t a l s o t o peo­ c h e e r h i m u p a n d t e l l h i m t h a t h i s s t a t e , c o - e x t e n s i v e w i t h its e t h n o ­ W e believe t h a t t h i s w a r h a s de- ples a n d n a t i o n s w h o e i t h e r h a v e m e s s a g e a b o u t b u y i n g W a r B o n d s g r a p h i c territories. m o n s t r a t e d b e y o n d a n y doubt t h a t been s u b j e c t e d t o f o r e i g n s t a t e s be­ h a s been heeded. W e ' l l g i v e h i m a n d A s m e m b e r s of t h e U k r a i n i a n N a ­ we c a n n o t be isolated f r o m o t h e r fore t h e w a r o r h a v e b e c o m e o b ­ h i s c o u r a g e o u s friends s o m u c h r e a d t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n of C a n a d a a n d affi­ peoples in t h e world. W e believe t h a t j e c t s o f a g g r e s s i o n a s a result o f i n g m a t t e r in t h e f o r m o f h o m e t o w n papers, b o o k s , a n d m a g a z i n e s , t h a t liated o r g a n i z a t i o n s , w e a r e g u i d e d C a n a d a c a n n o t remain free in a w a r . h e will n e v e r a g a i n h a v e t o p l e a d f o r b y the f o l l o w i n g s e v e n principles ( o r w o r l d w h e r e o t h e r peoples a r e o p In particular, this c o n v e n t i o n s a m e v i a a p u b l i c m e d i u m . W e ' l l do pressed o r e n s l a v e d . W e believe t h a t beliefs): fighting C a n a d a c a n n o t r e m a i n free in a u r g e s t h a t in t h e i n t e r e s t s o f a j u s t a l l t h a t a n d m o r e . . . f o r o u r world where o t h e r peoples a r e o p - p e a c e a n d a n e q u i t a b l e p o s t ¯ w a r M a r i n e . H i s a d d r e s s : I . W e believe in o u r s e l v e s . pressed o r e n s l a v e d . W e believe t h a t o r d e r t h e f o u r f r e e d o m s o f P r e s i d e n t P . F . C . Joseph Gebet, W e believe t h a t w e c a n c a r r y on e a c h people o r n a t i o n i s entitled t o R o o s e v e l t a n d t h e p r i n c i p l e s o f t h e U . S . M . C . U n i t 565, a c o n s t r u c t i v e s o c i a l work f o r s a f e ­ e n j o y t h e f o u r freedoms e n u n c i a t e d A t l a n t i c C h a r t e r s h o u l d be a p p l i e d c / o Postmaster, g u a r d i n g a n d preserving, individual­ b y P r e s i d e n t R o o s e v e l t a n d t o a p p l y t o t h e U k r a i n i a n n a t i o n w h i c h n u m San Francisco, California. l y a n d collectively, w h a t is g o o d a n d t o itself t h e the principles of t h e b e r i n g 45 m i l i o n s o c c u p i e s one o f t h e effective in t h e present s o c i a l a n d A t l a n t i c C h a r t e r . m o s t i m p o r t a n t ¿— s t r a t e g i c a l l y a n d P r i v a t e G e b e t need not f e a r t h a t political s y s t e m in C a n a d a , a n d in e c o n o m i c a l l y — r e g i o n s in E u r o p e . * о a ¡ w e will fail h i m w h e r e t h e W e e k l y p a r t i c u l a r , for s a f e g u a r d i n g a n d pre­ W h e r e a s t h e D o m i n i o n o f C a n a d a ¡ i s concerned. T h e W e e k l y is sent t o s e r v i n g o u r political a n d s o c i a l lib­ 7. W e believe in a free U k r a i n e him r e g u l a r l y . I t is g o o d t o k n o w erties and our democratic institutions W e believe t h a t t h e r e c a n be n o a s one o f t h e U n i t e d N a t i o n s · i s t h a t h e receives a n o c c a s i o n a l issue developed w i t h i n t h e f r a m e - w o r k o f freedom in t h i s world if a g r e a t U k ­ fighting t h i s w a r f o r the s a f e g u a r d i n g . . . but it is b e t t e r t o k n o w t h a t h e our C a n a d i a n constitution. rainian n a t i o n o f 45 m i l l i o n s i s left o f t h e f o u r f r e e d o m s e n u n c i a t e d b y l o o k s f o r w a r d t o it a n d m i s s e s i t u n d e r o c c u p a t i o n a n d oppression b y P r e s i d e n t R o o s e v e l t a n d t h e prin- ¡ w h e n _it is l a t e . foreign s t a t e s . W e believe t h a t t h e ciples o f t h e A t l a n t i c C h a r t e r , t h i s і T h e l e a s t t h a t t h o s e o f u s a t h o m e 2 . W e believe in C a n a d a . U k r a i n i a n n a t i o n is entitled t o b u i l d c o n v e n t i o n believes t h a t a f t e r t h e c a n d o is t o help P r i v a t e G e b e t a n d victorious conclusion of the war C a n a d a w a s t h e c o u n t r y o f f a i t h on its o w n e t h n o g r a p h i c t e r r i t o r i e s j a i l t h e o t h e r m e n in t h e A r m e d e v e r y citizen o f C a n a d a , w i t h o u t d i s a n d hope o f o u r f o r e f a t h e r s a n d f a ­ ¦ a free, independent a n d s o v e r e i g n Forces of the United States by buy­ t i n c t i o n o f race, creed t r a d e o r o c t h e r s , w h o left t h e i r n a t i v e l a n d s s t a t e . W e believe t h a t , w i t h i n t h e ¡ing W a r Bonds and W a r Stamps* c u p a t i o n , sh¾ll be entitled t o h a v e b e c a u s e of b r u t a l e x p l o i t a t i o n a n d o p ­ l i m i t s o f o u r l o y a l t y t o C a n a d a , w e ¡ L e t ' s j o i n P r i v a t e G e b e t in h i s ferhis e v e r y d a y w a n t s properly a n d pression b y f o r e i g n o c c u p a n t s . C a n ­ s h o u l d s u p p o r t m o r a l l y a n d m a t e r i a l ­ ¦ v e n t p r a y e r : " M a y G o d g i v e u s the fully s e c u r e d b y a j u s t a n d e q u i t a b l e power to end this bloody war." a d a a l s o i s t h e c o u n t r y o f o u r f a i t h ly t h e efforts o f t h e U k r a i n i a n n a t i o n social s c h e m e a n d t h i s c o n v e n t i o n rea n d hope. C a n a d a is t h e c o u n t r y of t o w a r d s its political freedom. - THEODORE LUTWTNIAK commends that the U k r a i n i a n N a s o c i a l a n d political freedom. C a n a d a t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n o f C a n a d a a n d its i s t h e c o u n t r y o f e q u a l i t y a n d op­ U k r a i n i a n N a t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n o f affiliated o r g a n i z a t i o n with a view **RED*' P R E S S G R O W I N G , C A N A D A portunity. C a n a d a is t h e c o u n t r y t o a t t a i n i n g t h i s purpose s h o u l d o p TOLD w h e r e o u r l i v e s a r e r e g u l a t e d b y t h e C a n a d a a n d i t s affiliated o r g a n i z e ¯. tions assebled a t a c o n v e n t i o n a t e r a t e w i t h o t h e r g r o u p s a n d i n s t i t u Professor Watson Kirkconnell of principles o f B r i t i s h d e m o c r a c y a n d tions, provided s u c h a r e l o y a l t o C a n - M c M a s t e r e U n i v e r s i t y , H a m i l t o n , O n f a i r p l a y . W e believe in C a n a d a be­ t h e C i t y o f W i n n i p e g , o n t h e 15th, І 16th a n d 17th d a y s o f J a n u a r y , 1943, a d a a n d in t h e spirit o f h e r c o n s t i t u - taria. told t h e C a n a d i a n C l u b m e e t i n g c a u s e w e love C a n a d a , t h i s b e a u t i f u l tion. in T o r o n t o o n F e b r u a r y 1st t h a t a C a n a d a of wide fertile prairies, o f ! resolve. m u s h r o o m c r o p o f c o m m u n i s t i c newsT h a t believing s t r o n g l y t h a t o n l y h i g h mountains and clear lakes, this papers had sprung up to cater to the I a complete victory of the U n i t e d N a ­ dear C a n a d a of ours—our home. Recognizing the necessity and im- foreign-language communities of C a n tions will s a f e g u a r d t h e freedom a n d | p o r t a n c e o f t h e a i m s , purposes a n d * * a d a , t h e N e w Y o r k T i m e s reports. independence o f peoples a n d n a t i o n s , | a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e U k r a i n i a n C a n a d i a n Asserting that the Communist I n Я . W e believe in s o c i a l p r o g r e s s a n d a m o n g t h e m t h e U k r a i n i a n , this Committee in connection with C a n t e r n a t i o n a l w a s u n c h a n g e d in i t s desecurity through reforms. c o n v e n t i o n u n r e s e r v e d l y a n d whole­ a d a ' s w a r effort, t h i s c o n v e n t i o n sire f o r a " w o r l d r e v o l u t i o n , " P r o C a n a d a is a new c o u n t r y , rich in h e a r t e d l y s u p p o r t s C a n a d a ' s w a r ef­ u r g e s a l l m e m b e r s o f t h e U k r a i n i a n f e s s o r K i r k c o n n e l s a i d s o m e evidentn a t u r a l resources, where *trade a n d fort. N a t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n o f C a n a d a a n d l y believed t h a t t h e t i m e h a d c o m e f o r i n d u s t r y are undergoing a rapid A t t h e s a m e t i m e t h i s c o n v e n t i o n i t s affiliated o r g a n i z a t i o n t o g i v e g r e a t e r a c t i v i t i e s in C a n a d a . < ange and development r e s u l t i n g believes t h a t , a l t h o u g h e v e r y citizen t h e i r u n s t i n t e d m o r a l a n d m a t e r i a l P r o f e s s o r K i r k c o n n e l is a n a u t h o r 1 o m t i m e t o t i m e in s o c i a l m a l a d ­ of C a n a d a s h o u l d n o w b e n d a l l h i s s u p p o r t t o t h e s a i d U k r a i n i a n C a n i t y o n C a n a d i a n U k r a i n i a n , life a n d justments. efforts t o b r i n g a b o u t a c o m p l e t e a d i a n C o m m i t t e e . culture.

· »*

THE UKRAINIAN

HERITAGE

At Dawn
By THEODOSIA BORESKY

CHILDREN'S

HOUR

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" D a d d y , " asked the V e r y Y o u n g A m e r i c a n , **what's t h a t m a n got I have found Thee at last < E x c e r p t s o f a lecture delivered re­ Franfco a n d M y k h a i l o D r a h o m a n i w , t h a t w i g on f o r ? " Oh G o d of m y heart cently to the W a y n e C o u n t y W o m a n ' s both famous educators. A m o n g wo­ " N o t s o loud, m y boy. T h a t i s o n e R e p u b l i c a n C l u b a n d o t h e r A m e r i c a n m e n w e r e L e s y a U k r a i n k a , heroic In t h e r o s y c l o u d s of o u r B i g W i g s . " w o m e n ' s g r o u p s in D e t r o i t ) poetess,, a n d S o p h i a R u s o v a , a g r e a t A n d t h e a z u r e s k y o f d a w n Th "What's a Big Wig, Daddy?" fighter'for t h e U k r a i n i a nrights,a n d y S p i r i t s p o k e t o m e M y dear Friends: O f boundless, i m m e a s u r e a b l e L o v e m a ¤ y others. " A B i g W i g , son, is a m a n o f G r e a t ' F o r t h e i r i d e a l i s m a n d u n t i r i n g ef­ O f j o y b e y o n d even e c s t a s y Importance." F i r s t of a l l , p e r m i t m e t o c o n v e y t o y o u g r e e t i n g s f r o m o u r U k r a i n i a n f o r t s t o w i n freedom f o r t h e i r peo­ H a r m o n y s u c h a s o n l y T h o u " W h y is he i m p o r t a n t , D a d d y ? " organizations in D e t r o i t . O n l y l a s t ples, t h e s e leaders p a i d a d e a r penal­ C o u l d h a v e conceived " Y o u ' d have to ask him. H e knows week I w a s a t t h e m e e t i n g o f t h e U k ­ t y . ' M a n y o f t h e m were imprisoned, A n d o f P r o f o u n d e s t P e a c e . t h e a n s w e r b e t t e r t h a n a n y one else.'" r a i n i a n W o m e n ' s L e a g u e o f A m e r i c a , s e v e r e l y punished a n d p u t t o d e a t h , A l l t h a t m y h e a r t c o u l d b e a r "What answer?" a n d w h e n I m e n t i o n e d t h a t I w o u l d a n d o n l y b e c a u s e t h e y desired free­ I f o u n d w i t h t h e j o y in T h e e dom for the Ukrainian nation. " A L L the answers." be speaking to you, the members of Purest essence of T h y eternal power M y d e a r friends, s u c h a U k r a i n e , F l o a t e d d o w n t o e a r t h t h e L e a g u e asked me to please ex­ " B e m o r e specific, F a t h e r . Y o u , t e n d t o y o u t h e i r k i n d w i s h e s a n d s a d , u n f o r t u n a t e , ill-treated, in bond­ B a t h i n g it i n l o v e l i n e s s k n o w I like f a c t s . " a g e , s u c h a c o u n t r y I left t h i r t y y e a r s S o e a s y f o r a l l t o see greetings... " W e l l , he h a r d l y needs t o s t u d y T h e U k r a i n i a n n a t i o n is l o c a t e d in a g o . a n y problem before h e k n o w s t h e Y e t n o one p r o c l a i m e d T h y g l o r y southeastern part of Europe. Ukraine l > u r i n g t h e l a s t W o r l d W a r , t h e S h u t in t h e i r d i m , a i r l e s s recesses solution. H e k n o w s w h a t Britain, is a w e a l t h y l a n d , w e a l t h y in i t s n a ­ U k r a i n i a n n a t i o n s t r e n g t h e n e d it­ F u m b l i n g w i t h radios, r e a d i n g t h e o u g h t t o do w i t h I n d i a a n d w h a t t h e t u r a l e l e m e n t s . O n i t s rich b l a c k soil self a n d o n c e m o r e c r e a t e d i t s o w n U . S . A . o u g h t t o d o w i t h t h e whole< comics g r o w s t h e g o l d e n w h e a t a b o u t w h i c h independent g o v e r n m e n t . T h i s g o v ­ W h i l e T h y j o y o u s e s c t a s i e s world after this war. H e also seems n o t o n l y E u r o p e b u t t h e w h o l e w o r l d ernment, w h i c h t h e people s e t up, W a f t e d f r o m a b o v e t o b e t h e o n l y , m a n w h o r e a l l y knows) knows. ~ ~ w a s b a s e d on d e m o c r a t i c principles P a s s e d b y u n · n o t i c e d . w h y t h e E n g l i s h a r e fighting a n d U k r a i n e possesses a l l t h e n a t u r a l 1-""&* t h e precise t e r m s on w h i c h y o u r New Haven, Conn. r e s o u r c e s in a b u n d a n c e , s u c h a s h u g e ! States. Other neighboring naU n c l e S a m will s t o p k i c k i n g u p t h e f o r e s t s , ores, coal, iron, oil fields, ¦ ti<>ns, h o w e v e r , b e g a n t o c a s t e n v i o u s dust, t o o . " ; e v e r y t h i n g t h a t is n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e ¦a¤<" r a v e n o u s e y e s o n t h e n e w U k UKRAINIAN LITERATURE " I s T H A T all he knows, D a d d y ? " material a n d economic progress o f | " " ^ progress · wasn't long v ( C o n t i n u e d f r o m p a g e 3) " O h , no, s o n . E v e r y b o d y i n the| a people t o d a y . T o t h e s e n a t u r a l re­ before t h e y a t t a c k e d t h a t new U k ­ B i g W i g family knows all about the s o u r c e s let u s a d d t h e n a t u r a l b e a u t y raine a n d divided h e r u p a g a i n w i t h d e c o r a t i v e p a i n t i n g a n d p a i n t i n g of s a i n t s . N o t b e i n g m u c h s t r a t e g y , e c o n o m i c s , i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e ­ o f U k r a i n e , i t s m a g n i f i c e n t sunset, a m o n g s t t h e m s e l v e s . Downtrodden T h e U k r a i n i a n s h a v e f e w powerful | i m p r e s s e d b y t h i s t r i n i t y o f g e n i u s , lations, w o r l d trade, i t s soft w a r m b l o w i n g breeze, i t s en­ friends in U u r o p e . U k r a i n e i s a hurried o u t on b r i g h t m o r n i n g s t o P e o p l e s , colonial trusteeship, t h e w e l ­ I chanting moonlight summer nights, f a r e o f m a n k i n d a n d a f e w other t h e s o n g of t h e n i g h t i n g a l e , a n d in " S n o w W h i t e " w h o m t h e j e a l o u s t h e S t . P e t e r s b u r g S u m m e r G a r d e n s , step-mother w o u l d g l a d l y r e m o v e t o s k e t c h the s t a t u e s t h e r e . " I t w a s trifles s u c h a s t h e u n v o i c e d desires, the midst of this beauty the sight of in t h e s e g a r d e n s t h a t he m e t o t h e r a n d hopes o f millions of T o r n H e a r t s . " ' t h e y o u n g lovers. A n d it w o u l d seem f r o m t h e f a c e o f t h e e a r t h . " G o s h , P a , the B i g W i g s m u s t be a. N o t s o l o n g a g o I s a w t h e s h o r t s t u d e n t s , i n c l u d i n g s o m e f r o m his t h a t t h e U k r a i n i a n people s h o u l d be p r e t t y s m a r t b u n c h . B u t w h a t do< h a p p y a n d contented, b u t t h e y a r e film e n t i t l e d : " W e R e f u s e t o D i e . " n a t i v e U k r a i n e . I not. T h e film s h o w e d t h e f a t e o f t h e ¦ S o o n he w a s a b l e to count a m o n g t h e y k n o w b e s t ? " T h e U k r a i n i a n people a r e often a C z e c h s u n d e r G e r m a n o c c u p a t i o n , h i s closest friends s u c h a s S o s h e n k o , " I f y o u ask me, boy, the B i g W i g s s a d a n d s o r r o w f u l one. T h i s s a d note j h o w t h e G e r m a n s c o n d e m n e d a l l t h e y o u n g U k r a i n i a n student-painter, s h i n e b r i g h t e s t when i t c o m e s to* i s reflected in t h e i r l i t e r a r y w o r k s , | m e n o f a c e r t a i n s m a l l v i l l a g e t o be E u g e n e H r e b i n k a , t h e well k n o w n k n o w i n g how t o open t h e i r own S e c ­ p o e t r y a n d s o n g ; even in t h e m o s t і shot, because they had rebelled U k r a i n i a n w r i t e r of f a i r y tales, Z h u · ond F r o n t on t h e first p a g e of t h e g a y d a n c e c a l l e d " K o l o m e y k a " one ¦ a g a i n s t t h e G e r m a n d i c t a t o r s h i p . I t k o v s k y , t h e R u s s i a n poet, a n d B r u l o v , F o u r t h E s t a t e . " m a y find a hidden note o f s o r r o w ¡ is t h e b r u t a l a n d evil desire o f t h e one o f t h e l e a d^i n g p a i,n t e r s o f , t h a t ^ ,, _ "Т¾е O u t p o s t " and sadness. | G e r m a n powers t o wipe off t h e f a c e ; p e r i o d . T h e s e a n d o t h e r s took a T h e U k r a i n i a n n a t i o n does not t h e e a r t h a l l f r e e lives s o t h a t ¦ g r e a t Shevchenko, h a v e rich l o r d s , ·or d u k e s , o r a rich І * * * ? m i g h t seize a l l w e a l t h f o r their j p e r c e i v i n g in h i m a splendid c¾ara r i s t o c r a c y . O n t h e whore t h e U k - . · AS ne d j u s t a s a l l h o n e s t n a - ¦ a g r e a t talent. R e a l i z i n g , lr r a i n i a n n a t i o n c o n s i s t s o f tillers of і *** to rule' however, t h a t a s l o n g a s he r e m a i n e d t h e soil, w h o a r e e n d e a r e d t o t h e º £ ^ ºj* ¾ * J ^ . º ^ a s e r f h e could n o t a d v a n c e v e r y far, soil like a child t o i t s m o t h e r . U k r a i n i a n forty-five million people, t h e y decided t o b u y his freedom. T h i s Nazi propagandists have intensified · . , . ... , „ s t r o n g , e a g e r , desire t o live a n d flour- t h e y did b y h a v i n g B r u l o v p a i n t a their c a m p a i g n t o divide B r i t a i n a n d In the spring when the hospodar picture of Z h u k o v s k y , which they (husbandsman) goes out t o the their nation. the U n i t e d S t a t e s . T h e N a z i s are^ field t o b e g i n h i s p l o w i n g , he k n e e l s I c a m e t o t h i s f r e e l a n d o f o u r raffled off, a n d since b o t h these m e n telling one t h i n g t o the U n i t e d States» down and reverently kisses this b l a c k great Geor«e were f a m o u s t h e y m a n a g e d t o g e t Washington thirty a n d a n o t h e r to B r i t a i n in t h e i r e f ­ soil, f o r t h i s s o i l n o u r i s h e s h i m a n d e n o u g h m o n e y in t h i s w a y t o p a y fort t o c r e a t e doubt a n d distrust: h i s f a m i l y , a n d f r o m it h e g e t s h i s " У . » * * * « * t h e 2,500 rubles w h i c h E n g e l h a r d t a m o n g the people of t h e t w o c o u n ­ B f e . T h e t y p i c a l U k r a i n i a n to а г е - | ¾ £ ¾ £ ~ * ' º - d e m a n d e d f o r f o r S h e v c h e n k o ' s free­ ^ ' * H « I L > J country twenty years ago. tries. T h e p r o p a g a n d a t e c h n i q u e t h a t l i g i o u s one k i n d l y , sincere, v m p r e deeply i n t o t h e d o m . A n d t h u s , a t last, S h e v c h e n k o w a s polished u p f o r t h i s n e w N a z i t e n b o u s , quiet a n d s o b e r l y . ¦^¡, ^ h a v e raised t w o b e c a m e a free m a n . campaign aimed at dividing the A l ­ W h a t were t h e f a c t o r s t h a t c a m e sons, t w o d a u g h t e r s a n d t h r e e g r a n d ­ lies h a s l o n g been a s t a n d a r d t a c t i c t o m o l d s u c h c h a r a c t e r t r a i t s ? W h y c h i l d r e n . I t w o u l d seem t h a t I s h o u l d - T h e C o m i n g of t h e P o e t i c M u s e of N a z i p r o p a g a n d i s t s . especially is t h e U k r a i n i a n c h a r a c t e r h a v e n o need t o t h i n k o f U k r a i n e . M o v i n g a b o u t in t h e society of H o w t h e N a z i s h a v e been t r y i n g to* fitted w i t h s u c h i n w a r d s a d n e s s ? I a m a n A m e r i c a n a n d h a v e l i v e d c u l t u r e d m e n , b e i n g a friend of a r t i s t s p l a y B r i t a i n a g a i n s t u s , a n d t o play¡ E n e m y n e i g h b o r s ! E n e m y n e i g h - h a l f m y life in A m e r i c a . T h e first a n d authors, Shevchenko quickly bors! , t w e n t y y e a r s o f m y life, w i t h t h e realized his d i s a d v a n t a g e in not h a v - A m e r i c a n s a g a i n s t t h e B r i t i s h w a s s h a r p l y outlined in specific e x a m p l e s y k r a i n e is s u r r o u n d e d o n a l l sides m o s t b e a u t i f u l m e m o r i e s , n o w s e e m i n g a f o r m a l e d u c a t i o n . H e t h e r e · recorded recently b o t h here a n d i a b y m a n y n a t i o n s , w h o f o r centuries s o d i s t a n t a n d a l m o s t l i k e o n l y a f o r e d e t e r m i n e d t o g e t i t t h r o u g h L o n d o n . h a v e w a g e d w a r a g a i n s t her, l u s t i n g d r e a m o f t h e p a s t . W h e n w i t h m y self-schooling. A t t h i s t i m e h e w a s T h e G e r m a n radio h a d t h i s t o s a y f o r h e r w e a l t h a n d n a t u r a l resources. children, g r a n c h c h i l d r e n a n d w i t h t w e n t y - f o u r y e a r s o f a g e . H e b e g a n t o the U n i t e d S t a t e s a few d a y s a g o ? B y c o n s t a n t l y a t t a c k i n g her, b y di- y o u m y d e a r friends, I feel a n d re- t o r e a d v o r a c i o u s l y . A n d a s a result " E v e r y E n g l i s h m a n is mobilized f o r v i d i n g her, b y w e a k e n i n g h e r spirit- g a r d m y s e l f a s a n A m e r i c a n . N e v e r · o f t h i s r e a d i n g a n d c o m i n g i n t o c o n - s doesn't m e a n t h a t E n g u a l l y a n d e c o n o m i c a l l y , b y d e p r i v i n g theless, somewhere deep i n t h e t a c t w i t h fine literature, there w a s ! j j ¡ g e t t i n g r e a d y f o r t h e s u p r e m e h e r people o f t h e i r n a t i o n a l rights, c o r n e r o f m y h e a r t , l i v e s t h e m e m o r y a w a k e n e d in S h e v c h e n k o t h e h i t h e r t o | b a t t l e a g a i n s t G e r m a n y o r f o r t h e b y f o r b i d d i n g t h e m t o s p e a k a n d o f m y d e a r n a t i v e l a n d w h e r e I w a s ¦ d o r m a n t g r e a t poet. T h e c o m i n g o f i c o n d front. O h , no, t h e present . _ * е « uuiiuiim тм feitai pv— c. x u c синішµ, Ol write i n their native tongue, by c l o s i n g t h e i r s c h o o l s a n d c h u r c h e s , b o r n . A n d y o u , m y d e a r ladies, w e r e t h e poetic m u s e t o h i m w a s a l s o due push is directed a g a i n s t t h e A m e r i a n d i n g e n e r a l b y d e s t r o y i n g al¾, t h a t y o u t o find y o u r s e l v e s n o w in U k - t o his v i v i d i m a g i n a t i o n , w h i c h t h e c a n s . " s a m e time, t h e German¿ i s U k r a i n i a n , t h e e n e m i e s of U k - raine, w o u l d y o u be a b l e t o f o r g e t n e w l y - w o n freedom f r o m s e r f d o m | y o u r d e a r a n d b e l o v e d l a n d o f h a d liberated. I t w a s on t h e w i n g s radio b e a m e d a t B r i t a i n declared¾ r a i n e finally w e a k e n e d a n d e n s l a v e d A m e r i c a ? W o u l d y o u ? W e r e y o u of t h i s i m a g i n a t i o n t h a t h e flewj" Y a n k e e s h a v e a c h i e v e d victory; her. t o f o r g e t y o u r f a t h e r a n d m o t h e r , b a c k i n t o his n a t i v e l a n d ~ - U k r a i n e , j f v i c t o r y a t the e x p e n s e of B r i t Undergoing such treatment for w o u l d y o u b e c o n s i d e r e d l o y a l a n d a n d t h e r e revelled in t h e n a t u r a l ¿ t h e g u i s e o f friendship., centuries, it b e c a m e u n b e a r a b l e f o r l o v i n g c h i l d r e n ? ¦beauty of the U k r a i n i a n landscape, | A m e r i c a n s are as much the enemies t h e U k r a i n i a n t o l i v e in h i s c o u n t r y . ( T o be concluded) , o r g r e w s a d a t t h e s i g h t of his n a t i v e | B r i t a i n a s the N a z i s a r e . " H e b e g a n t o w i s h f o r t h e freedom his steppes strewn with h i g h burial W . A . Sinclare, British professor a n c e s t o r s o n c e held. I n t h e end h e ! m o u n d s , wherein l a y t h e f a m e d K o - in E d i n b u r g h U n i v e r s i t y ' s P h i l o s o p h y . w a s f o r c e d t o flee f r o m h i s o w n ¦ z a k s o f b y g o n e d a y s . V i v i d p i c t u r e s D e p a r t m e n t , in c o m m e n t i n g on t h e . n a t i v e l a n d . A s he set o u t i n t o t h e of U k r a i n e ' s heroic p a s t swept o v e r G e r m a n p r o p a g a n d a campaign o ¢ w i d e u n k n o w n w o r l d t o look f o r a h i m , f o l l o w e d b y r e m i n i s c e n c e s of w h a t s p l i t t i n g A m e r i c a a n d B r i t a i n , said| b e t t e r life, h e t o o k a l o n g s o m e o f he h i m s e l f h a d seen a n d experienced in а В . В . C . H o m e B r o a d c a s t : h i s b e l o v e d r i c h b l a c k soil a s a re­ a s a l a d . I t w a s a r o u n d s u c h pic­ " A n y o n e hearing assertions cal­ membrance. A n d so the Ukrainian UNITED t u r e s a n d reminiscences t h a t S h e v ­ c u l a t e d t o arouse Anti-American> c a m e t o C a n a d a , t o B r a z i l in S o u t h STATES c h e n k o ' s . poetic i m a g i n a t i o n w o v e America, and to the United States. f e e l i n g s h o u l d visualize a N a z i b r o a d ­ a n d embroidered t h e f a b r i c o f his c a s t e r w h o s a t in his s t u d i o in B e r ­ O n the other hand, there were first p o e m s . t h o s e w h o . r e m a i n e d in t h e i r n a t i v e lin a n d m a d e t h e a s s e r t i o n a n d should[ BONDS ( T o be continued) - l a n d a n d w h o b e g a n t o rebel a g a i n s t a l s o visualize t h e o t h e r N a z i s i t ­ ·AND a l l oppression. T h e y had as their t i n g in t h e o t h e r s t u d i o n e x t door, STAMPS inspiration T a r a s Shevchenko, the broadcasting a n exactly similar Remember P e a r l Harbor'! Remem­ greatest Ukrainian poet a n d writer ber i t e v e r y p a y d a y ! B u y U . 8 . W a j s t a t e m e n t t o t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s only; . of the nineteenth c e n t u r y . A l s o I v a n w i t h t h e n a m e s reversed." ' Bonds and Stamps.
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buffalo reb чжода*сетітї ^ _ ¾ A T l o n g u a b t l : g e t s т і у і і ї ї ш г *: ' i t s peculiar h i s t o r y . s . T h e a u t h o r i s t S u n d a y e v e n i n g , F e b r u a r y 7, t h e a U k r a i n i a n a n d , while he writes as ї·»ї 3 n e w s e n s a t i o n a l U k r a i n i a n : C a t h o l i c C a t h e d r a l ' C h o i r ¡ a n insider, he is c o m p l e t e l y o b j e c t i v e , " ¡ I n D e c e m b e r , l · 4 t f ' f < * i r U k r a i n e j \t P O L _ K A -* will present a- ·gay t h r e e ·act c o m e d y T h e b o o k ·can be obtained a·t Svoboda* i a n women%> o r g a n i z a t i o n s in B u f - ¡ , fa Jo formed a R e d C r o s s unit. · T h e y ' RECORDS BY H t t l w u l h put t — " z a n t A u ob e no ip ee d o" Kd o c h u i M o o I hW"a or < asH B s ­ Ik>okstore. o be con ti_»«ed) (T were the " Z h i n o t c h a H r o m a d a , " " S o b a n d . " T h i s p¾ay, w r i t t e n by S y l y u z U k r a i n o k , ' ' " S e s t r y t s t v o , " a » d the' »j'i¾ S O M S > A * ¾ T v e s t e r K a l e n i t z , t a k e s p l a c e in L v i w , Т і й Ukrainian National Association Y o u n g . L a d i e s S o d a l i t y . T h e y ' m e t )—¡the hottest since '*Beer Barrel/'¿ W e s t e r n U k r a i n e , in t h e y e a r 1912:; ·every, t w o w e e k s a t ~the St« N i c h o l a s ¡a nil'the kind, once you hear them; \ A l l d i a l o g u e will be in U k r a i n i a n ; a n d ¦ h a s m o r e y o u n g ( a s well a s old) ITkra¡nian · A m e r i c a n s within its t h e entire c a s t w i t h t h e e x c e p t i o n o f C h u r c h H a i l ' a n d «¾so e t · t h e ЩіШШЯ^Щ^т ие+er wsnt to be without. a n y other organization, ian і H a l l . T h e y sewed ai_d k n i t t e d % J O S E P H ' S N I H V R three c h a r a c t e r s a r e A m e r i c a n born. both* a t t h e m e e t i n g s a n d a t h o t e s . · f ¢The ^Polka King) C S i g n Hp with them 1 , ? Featured a s the leading lady w i l l ' O n Sunday, December 27, Ш 2 t h e y and h½ Orchestra ' be P e a r l B e g a , v e r y c a p a b l e c h o i r [ c e l e b r a t e d . t h e first a n n і v e r s a ry - of s o l o i s t W a l t e r " S p e c k s " B u k a t a is¿ f ^ V ^ ¦ . « " " " X " ¿ " t h e i r patriotic^ work ¢ o r t h e ' A m e r i - ;М-580 JOLLY TAR POLKA · ( W e s e b ) ' THE UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC . SONART JIVE POLKA Pearl*s-father. O t h e r featured per can R e d O r o s S ; · T h e celebration took" CATHEDRAL· CHO|R FRE_HPfT¾"" ( H r a y ' M e n i Skrypko) ' s o n a l i t i e s will be E l s i e D y k a n . J o s e p h t h e f o r m o f a l u n c h e o n ; · held a t t h e The Deli і ious T h r e e · A c t Comedy І-58І DAWN *PATROL POUCA" B o c h e j . S t e p h e n S i k o r a . a n d Nest*or c h u r c h h a i l . A representative^ *of ti_^e Kociubinsky. (Ne Т¾теі*) "I WANT ft H U S B M H r : r R o d C r o s s h e a d q u a r t e r s , M r s . E l V RED ROSES (Bandura) We T h e p l a y will t a k e place a t t h e , w r i t t e n by Sylvester K a l e m U wood T. Burk¿v· p r e s e n t e d ^Productibn FIESTA POLKA^ U k r a i n i a n H a l l , 849 N . F r a n k l i n S t . , Starring Pearl Befia P i n s t o forty-ro¾r w o m e n o f t h e U k - 'М-5в2 VICTORY·· POLKA(Wank*) 7 -* P h i l a d e l p h i a , on F e b r u a r y 7, b e g i n - , w i t h S p e c k s Bukata, Elate Dykan, Joe r a i n i a n u n i t . A t t h e luncheon·, the (Nowomodna>- ^·­ t B o c h e j , Steve Sikora,' and N e s t o r і c h a i r m a n o f t h e unit. M r s . J o h n n i n g at 7:30 P . M . Kociubinsky Ask, for them at y o u r recow Rosalie Kozel A L L D I A L O G U E W UK^RAINIAN ¦ Melicz, r e v e a l e d <that t h e unit h a d ""dealer's or write 24sewed f o u r h u n d r e d a n d etghty··fcve UKRAINIAN HALL, SONART * E C O R D CORF. TO KEEP' ABREAST O F WHAT 849 H. FyanUur St., PhUadeJp*iia-*Ffc < a r t i c l e s of c l o t h i n g , c o n s i s i s t i n g o f 251 WEST 42nd STREET " IS H A P P E N I N G AMONG S U N D A Y . F E B R U A R Y ? . 1 9 4 f v- j s h i r t s , o v e r a l l s , s k i r t s , dresses, n i g h t ' , NEW YORK CITY U K R A I N I A N A M E R I C A N S g o w n s , s u r g i c a l g o w n s , bed j a c k e t s , 7:30 P . M. >* R E A D T H E UKRAINIAN WEEKL·* I a n d h a d k n i t t e d fifty articles, in- W A I T E D : M o r e n e ^ s reports about c l u d i n g c a r d i g a n s w e a t e r s a n d t u r t l e U k r a i n 1 a n - A m e r i c a n war effort, ^ a n d neck s w e a t e r s f o r the _*¾vy, a n d slip- other a c t i v i t i e s , f o r publica-He^h o h f on s w e a t e r s for the A r m y , a l s o a r m y t h e s e p a g e s / " * " F I F T H A N N U A L · B A L · L · h e l m e t s a n d ride m i t t s . ' given bv the T h e pin a w a r d s were g i v e n b y M r s . H . S t e c , M i s s P . W a y d a , M i s s ' A . B u r k e to t h e f o l l o w i n g w o m e n : — Maxfth, M r s . S . M e l n y k , M r s . N . PtiiladelPhia Ukrainian National Association Youth Club M r s . J . Melisz. M r s . K¡ K a k i t a , M r s . G u r n y , M r s / H r a d , M r s . B O d n a r , M l s ^ S a t u r d a y . F¯ebruai¾y 6 , 1 9 4 3 " A . W o l o d k a , M r s . J . G a c h , M r s . W . K u p c z a k , M r s . J . P a s t e r n a k , M r s . 1?. W o l o s h y n , M r s . -f*. Sti¢c, M i s s S . S u - S u k m a h o w d k i , M r s . ' M . B r a n i ¿ k i ; Mrs."^ TWO ORCHESTRAS—DANCING—8 TIU_ ? d y n , M i s s K . Maxim> Mft*s.'· H . H o r o · J . ¾ r c ¿ a n y u , ' M r s . ' К и І с ¿ у ¿ И ; " M r s : h o t a , M r s . J . S h p e r a k . ' M r s . N . S n a p > S a m u h a k , M r s · C r o c k e t t , Йг8.*¾¾шіе- ' Ukraioian HaU. M3 M a Franklin Street. Philadelphia. Pa. czuk, M r s . R o l l , M * s * · M . P e r o z a k , j ron, M r s . ¾F. EE_huU, M t s . ' J . K k l & n o n \ Oxir B¾»WtbaU home г*а>·····г« Monday and Wednesday -evenings M r s . M . Hbd^npTMts/'^tefamtik, M r s . M r s . _John Chaii½&tt at 5th ·e__l Spring Garden Streetj.· < W. Nowadly, Miss I £ -Sudyn, Miss 53 Lfelarid" Driver^*·*· E ' . ¿ Л O N b І¡> U S \ IT££>. "ПО S £ E I « E S E GA·MES F R E E O f C H A R G f e . , · M . Walnicki, Mrs. K . Shurgot, Mrs. B u f f a l o , N . 5Г.
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