8.

Friction

Chapter objectives • To introduce the concept of dry friction • Show how to analyze equilibrium of bodies involving friction forces

8.1 Characteristics of dry friction • Friction is a force that resists the movement of two contacting surfaces that slide relative to one another • It always acts tangent to the surface at the points of contact and is directed so as to oppose the possible or existing motion between the surfaces • Dry friction occurs between the contacting surfaces of bodies when There is no lubricating fluid

C.A. Coulomb studied friction in 1781

Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519

8.1 Theory of dry friction

8.1 Theory of dry friction

Impending motion Limiting static frictional force

Fs = µ s N
Frictional force

Coefficient of static friction

Motion

Fk = µ k N
Coefficient of kinetic friction

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