CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I Syllabus Part 1 Introduction A. The Constitution as a social contract B. How to read the Constitution Francisco v.

House or Rep., G.R. No. 160261, Nov. 10, 2003 C. A framework for constitutional litigation Francisco v. House of Rep., supra Part II Amendment of the Constitution A. Amendments vs. Revision B. Proposal 1. By Congress as a constituent assembly 2. By Constitutional Convention Gonzales vs. Comelec, 21 SCRA 774 (1968) 3. By the people thru initiative (See R.A. 6735 August 4, 1989) Santiago vs. Comelec, G.R. 127325, March 19, 1997 C. Submission Tolentino vs. Comelec, 41 SCRA 702 (1971) D. Ratification Part III Judicial Review A. Separation of Powers In Re: Laureta and Maravilla, 148 SCRA 382 (1987) Demetria vs. Alba, 148 SCRA 208 (1987) B. Theory and Justification of Judicial Review Angara vs. Electoral Commission, 63 Phil.139 (1936) C. Justiciable and Political Questions Miranda vs. Aguirre, G.R. No. 133064, September 16, 1999 Franciso vs. House of Rep., supra La Bugal-B’Laan v. Ramos, G.R. No. 127882 Dec. 01, 2004 1

No. No. G.R. No. G. July 09. November 16. G. 119’694 March 07. August 15. G. 147780. Vera. No. 2004 Kilosbayan vs.R. PCGG. Guingona. 2005 Citizen Standing: Tanada vs. 1995 Montesclaros v.D. Romulo.R. G. Sec. 97 Phil. 420 SCRA 438.R. 232 SCRA 110 (1994) Taxpayer’s Standing: ITF v. Tuvera 136 SCRA 27 (1985) Chavez v. DAR. G. 2005 2. Dec. G. 157509. 2004 Pimentel v. 2003 CHR Employees Assoc. June 19. 115381.R. No. Garcia. Zamora. Proper Party Joya vs. 2001 Exceptions to Mootness: Sanlakas vs. May 25. PEA and Amari. No. 2000 Executive Secretary vs. 293 SCRA 141 (1998) Governmental Standing: People v.R. G. 2004 Legislative Standing: Ople v. Comelec. CA. 2002 Associational Standing: KMU Labor Center vs. 429 SCRA 781. 2004 Automotive Industry Workers Alliance v. G. G. 96541. G. 2004 Voter’s Standing: Tolentino v. Requisites of Judicial Review 1. 155001. 159085.R. 23. 155336. PIATCO. Actual Case or Controversy Prematurity: PACU vs. Comelec. No. G.R. 1937 2 . CHR.R.1997 Lacson v.R. 806 (1955) Mariano vs. January 13. Nov. 152295. July 09. January 21. 133250.R. 164978. 1993 Agan v. 420 SCRA 438. Comelec. Secretary of Education. Ermita. Executive Secretary. G. May 10.R. Comelec. February 03. 2002 Mootness: Atlas Fertilizer v. August 24. Jan. May 05. 93100. 65 Phil 56. 18. Perez. 141284. Torres. 25. 1994 IBP v.R. v. October 13.

G. Comelec. 305 SCRA 533 (1999) 4. 83 (1924) Osmena vs. 248 SCRA 300 (1995) Torayno vs. 3 SCRA 1 (1961) Tan v. Comelec. Quorum Avelino vs. Comelec. 147589. 142 SCRA 727 (1986) Veterans Fed. 148560. Pendatun. 127255. No. G. Senate b. Qualification and Term of Office a. 40 SCRA 58 (1971) Arroyo vs.R. Nov. November 18. Election of Officers Santiago v. 2001 Aquino v. 136781. G. Cuenco. 2000 2. 1997 d. Party v.R. Guingona. Composition.R. De Venecia. August 14. Comelec. Comelec. Quezon.R. June 15.R. Organizations and Sessions a. Guingona. 2004 Part IV The Three Branches of Government A. Congress 1. Regular Election b. 134577. October 06.Facial Challenge: Estrada vs. 2000 Bagong Bayani v. On Appointments. August 09. 19. Special Election 3. 137329. Comelec. Election a. Necessity of Deciding Constitutional Questions Arceta v. No. 152895. House of Representatives Macias v.R. Mangrobang. No. June 26. 2001 3. Sandiganbayan. 83 Phil. 1998 b. 248 SCRA 400 (1995) Marcos vs. 863 (1960) 3 . Earliest Opportunity Umali vs.R. 46 Phil. Comm. Comelec. G. 17 (1949) c. Discipline of members Alejandrino v. G. 109 Phil. Rules of Proceeding Pacete vs. G. G.

Electoral Tribunals Abbas vs. Freedom from Arrest People vs. No. Congressional Record f. 2001 De Venecia vs. No. Journal Entry Rule vs. 2002 e. 56 SCRA 823 (1974) b. Mathay. Feb. 34 Phil. Speech and Debate Clause Jimenez vs. Pacana. Enrolled Bill Theory 5. 187 SCRA 377 (1990) Guingona vs. G. Limitations on the legislative Power 4 . Session 1.R. Special Sessions 3.Santiago vs. Gonzales. February 03. Duty to Disclose 5. Mathay. Matters to be entered in the Journal 4. Powers of Congress a. De Vinecia. G. Singson. 126055. Jalosjos. 141489. Salaries Philconsa vs. 18 SCRA 300 (1966) Ligot vs. 2002 6. Privileges and Disqualifications a. Pineda. Gimenez. Cabangbang 17 SCRA 876 (1966) d. 2002 Pimentel v. Disqualifications Adaza vs. G. vs. April 19. 201 SCRA 792 (1991) Codilla vs. 130240. Salaries. November 29.R. SET. Mitra.R. Sandiganbayan. December 10. 135 SCRA 431 (1985) Puyat vs. Joint Sessions 4. 7 SCRA 347 (1963) 2. Jr. The Enrolled Bill Theory Casco Chemical Co. 214 SCRA 789 (1992) 7. De Gusman. 180 SCRA 496 (1989) Coseteng v. 166 SCRA 651 (1988) Bondoc vs. Sandiganbayan. 729 (1916) 3. Jr. Pons.R.R. 132875. 2000 c. 150605. Commission on Appointments Daza v. G. 05. Probative Value of the Journal United States vs. G. General Plenary Powers b. Regular Sessions 2. Journal and Record 1. 113 SCRA 31 (1982) e. HRET.

Sec. 29 (1950) Armault vs.No.R. supra Gonzales v. 115455. Ermita. 2 SCRA 898 (1961) c. Mardo. 1987 d. Executive Secretary. Q. Balagtas. As to titles of bills Tio vs. 136 SCRA 27 (1985) Executive Order No. Desierto. Macaraig. 358 (1955) Bengzon vs. No. 2003 c. No. Appropriation laws Demetria v.1. Drilon. Tax laws Tolentino vs. June 18. 123 SCRA 106 (1994) Tobias vs. Procedure for the passage of bills Tolentino v. Lim. G. April 20. 239 SCRA 106 (1994) 2. Enriquez. Nazareno. G. August 25. Abalos. Blue Ribbon Comm. 21 SCRA 479 (1967) Cruz vs.R. September 16.R. 129742. Paras. G. Nov. 87 Phil. Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court Fabian v. 2006 5 . 1994 b. Videogram Regulatory Board. 1998 b. G.. June 29. 211 SCRA 219 (1992) John Hay PAC v. 151 SCRA 208 Lidasan vs. Sen. 208 SCRA 133 (1992) Miller vs. 196 SCRA 221 (1991) Philconsa vs. supra Philconsa v. 113105. Caraque. 119775. of Finance. 169777.. Enriquez. 2004 Tan vs. Substative limitations 2. Legislative Process a. 1990 Bengzon vs. G.R.R. G. 19. Legislative investigation Armault vs. 203 SCRA 767 (1991) Senate v. Comelec. No.R. 200. October 24.R. August 19. Procedural limitations 8. Secretary of Finance. 97 Phil. No. Alba. No. Question Hour e. 87636. Tuvera. G.C. 1994 Lung Center vs. Requirements as to certain laws a. Del Rosario. Effectivity of Laws Tanada vs. 148 SCRA 208 (1987) Guingona vs. 144104. Requirements as to bills 1. 237 SCRA 324 (2000) Garcia vs.

Arroyo. Call a special election for Presidency c. March 25. 2003 b.R. Concur in treaties g. July 15. Qualifications. G. Succession 1. No. Declaration of existence of war h. 2001 NAC v. Sandiganbayan. 131367. 29. September 11. Act as board of canvassers for presidential election Pimentel v. September 8.. 146738. 156982. G. In case of temporary disability Estrada vs. 2006 Neri vs. Nov. 138489. Exceptions to prohibition from holding another office: 1. Gordon. 163783. Secretary.R. 178 SCRA 760 (1989) DENR vs. 149725. Presidential Amnesties f.R. October 17.R. Removal e. Control of executive departments Blaquera v. August 31. In case of vacancy at the beginning of the term 2.R.R. No. Prohibitions f.R. August 19. DENR Region 12 Employees. 194 SCRA 317 (1991) Cruz v. term and oath b. 180643. 2004 2. In case of vacancy during term 3. 2004 b. G. Exec.R. 2003 c. Vice-President as member of the cabinet 2. of Justice as member of Judicial and Bar Council CLU vs. Senate. G. COA. Delegation of emergency powers i. 2008 9. No. G. Sec. 152154. G. Powers and Functions of the President a.Sabio v. Executive Power Marcos vs. Utilization of natural resources j. 1998 Hutchison Ports vs. Joint Com. Executive Department 1. election. March 02. Amendments of constitution k. No. 109406. Legislative veto or extension for habeas corpus or declaration of martial law e. 2000 6 . Privileges and salary Republic v. Decide on disability of the President d. G. 2001 d. G. COA. The president a. June 22. No. No. G. SBMA. Manglapus. No. Alcala. G. 174340. Other Powers: a.R.R. Power of Impeachment B.

Carale. Secretary. Exec. Arroyo. 132988. Benipayo. G. Salonga. 72 Phil. August 4. August 11. No.R. G. No. 02. 1998 De Rama vs. G. 2004 Lansang vs. CA. Raul Manglapus. No..R.R. 171390. Sistoza. 2004 Aquino vs. Eastern Sea Trading. Nov. 7 SCRA 152 (1963) Cristobal vs. Preparation and submission of the budget 3. Of Customs vs. G. 149036. 3 SCRA 351 (1961) Go Tek vs. Abaya. 2005 Foreign Affairs People’s Movement for Press Freedom. MC No. 107369. Sec. Fernandez. G. v. Deportation Board. G. i. 2005 In re Valenzuela. L-1278. 1997 Executive Clemency Barrioquinto vs. d. G. G. 79 SCRA 17 (1977) Legislation 1. July 19. Veto-Power 7 . 131429. 156 SCRA 549 (1987) Concepcion-Bautista vs. Ermita. Zamora. 1988 Comm. No. G. 2001 Matibag vs. Labarador. Cuisia.R. 172 SCRA 160 (1989) Calderon vs. 84642. 1999 Sarmiento vs. Aguirre. 158802. j. April 23. Torres. 43 Phil.M. May 03. et al.R. No. August 15. No. 91636. G. Lista. COA. 1999 Soriano vs. October 13. g. No. G.R. 34 (1941) Pelobello vs. G. 106064.c. f. Feb. October 16. 59 SCRA 183 (1974) Olaquer vs. Gonzales. h.R.No. 98-5-01-SC. No. NEA vs. 42 SCRA 448 (1971) In Re De Villa. 441 (1941) In Re Lontok. October 25.293 (1923) Torres v.R. A. January 21. February 28. G. 2004 David vs. En Banc Resolution dated April 13. e. No. Garcia. No. 141284.R.R. No.4. Mison. 9. March 24. G. October 13.R. 2000 Sanlakas v.R. November 17. 164978. No. 112745. 153881. 71 Phil.R.R. 1992 Manalo vs. April 02. Palatino. 150 SCRA 144 (1987) Navales v. 2003 Pimental vs. 131136. 2000 Power of Appointment Bermudez v. 162318. 377 SCRA 233 (2002) General supervision over local governments/autonomous regions Pimentel vs. Enrile. G. 2002 Larin vs. People. G. 2006 Emergency Powers Contracting and guaranteeing foreign loans Constantino vs.R.R. No. 1949 Vera v. Address Congress 2. 152 SCRA 273 (1987) Commander-in-Chief IBP v. Exec. 159085. G.R. Hon.

160 SCRA 771 (1988) h. Removal In Re Gonzales. COA. Court of Appeals.R. April 10. Immunity from suit Beltran vs. term and oath b. Tenure g. 121 SCRA 205 (1992) Nunal vs. 1997 8 . Jurisdiction Santiago vs. 1995 c. Inciong. Prohibitions d. Co. Castro. 1988 Gloria vs. No. Salary Nitafan vs. Requirements as to decisions Valladolid vs.R. Mode of Sitting MMDA v. Jancom. 91 Phil. 2000 3. 32 SCRA 188 (1970) Felipe vs. 169 SCRA 356 (1989) People v. Composition b. G. Bugarin. CA. September 05. Of Internal Revenue. 116049.R. 3-SCRA 106 (1971) e. The Judicial Department 1. No non-judicial work for judges Meralco vs. CA. 2000 l. Vice-President a. 177 SCRA 14 (1989) k. Deliberations Prudential Bank vs. G. August 15. 158 SCRA 646 (1988) Consing vs.M. Pasay Trans.. 57 Phil. G. Voting Cruz v. 147465. The Supreme Court a. 2002 People v. G. The Judicial Power 2. G. 2000 Dizon vs. July 13.4. 273 SCRA 384 (1996) Hernandez vs. 132428. 14. Succession C. Macasiar. 06. Comm. 152 SCRA 284 (1987) f. No.R. Emergency Powers k. Qualifications. Appointments and qualifications d. election. 119903. 135385. Court of Appeals. Judge Lopez. DENR. 482 (1952) j. No.R. Gacott. Macaraig. Fiscal autonomy i. Dec. 82585. Bautista. 600 (1932) Garcia vs. October 24. No.R. Privileges and Salary c. 96-1338. G. 228 SCRA 429 (1993) Yao vs.. A. Nov. Leuterio.

Promulgate rules concerning the enforcement and protection of constitutional rights 6. June 10.m. Integration of the Bar In re: Edillon 84 SCRA 554 (1978) In re: IBP Elections Bar Matter No. July 20. Pilotin. 2001 2. 110263. 123547. 28. Supervision of lower courts In re Demetria. p. Automatic Release of appropriations for the judiciary 9 . 166 SCRA 316 (1988) In re: Cunanan. 122 SCRA 291 (1983) 4. SCRA 14 (1975) People v. CA. Admission to the Practice of Law Zaldivar vs. 00-8-05-SC. G. Enriquez. Appointment of officials and employees of entire judiciary 5. 1036.R. 534 (1954) Aguirre vs. No. 65 SCRA 635 (1975) Mondiguing v. n. 1989) 9. The Judicial and Bar Council 5. 103 SCRA 393 (1981) 4. Martinez v. No. June 30. Asiavest v. 2001 Petition for Review with Motion for Reconsideration Tichangco v. 94 Phil.M. No. CA. Order a change of venue or place of trial to avoid miscarriage of justice People v. G. practice and procedure 7. March 27. Rana. 2003 8. Qualifications and appointment b. 2004 Fr. Legal assistance to the Underprivileged q.R. Gonzales.R. Bar Matter No. Tenure De La Llana vs. Nov. Alba. Sola. No. Abad. Lower Courts a. May 21. 00-7-09-CA. 2001 Presidential Electoral Tribunal Administrative powers 1. 491 (October 06. A. AM. G. Temporarily assign judges to other stations in public interest 3. 2001 Periods for deciding cases Re: Delays in the Sandiganbayan. o. Promulgate Rules concerning pleading. 150629. Report on the Judiciary 3.

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